keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Proximal femur fractures

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350012/-application-of-debridement-and-bone-autografting-combined-with-proximal-femoral-anatomical-plates-for-benign-tumor-in-proximal-femur
#1
Ye Tian, Long-Gang Chen, Bin Shi, Nan Zhang, Qin Fu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effects of debridement and bone autografting combined with proximal femoral anatomical plate in treating benign tumor in proximal femur. METHODS: From January 2010 to October 2014, 30 patients with benign tumor in proximal femur were treated with debridement, autogenic ilium, autogenic ilium and allogeneic bone implant, and anatomic plate fixation. Among them, there were 13 males and 17 females aged from 12 to 68 years old with an average of 42 years old...
February 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349981/-clinical-results-in-early-and-mid-term-of-using-the-s-rom-femoral-stem-in-revision
#2
Shang Piao, Yong-Gang Zhou, Yin-Qiao Du, Hai-Yang Ma, Jing-Yang Sun, Zhi-Sen Gao, Ya-Wen Peng, Wen-Ming Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and the clinical effect of S-ROM modular stem in femur reconstruction in hip revision arthroplasty. METHODS: From January 2008 to January 2016, 21 patients received revision hip arthroplasties using S-ROM stems. There were 5 males and 16 females with an average of 48.33 years old(range, 29 to 73 years old). There were 13 cases caused by aseptic loosening, 4 cases by infection, 2 cases by nonunion of sub-tuberosity osteotomy, 1 case for repeated dislocation, 1 case for traumatic great trochanter fracture...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347832/wire-placement-in-the-sustentaculum-tali-using-a-2d-projection-based-software-application-for-mobile-c-arms-cadaveric-study
#3
Benedict Swartman, Dirk Frere, Wei Wei, Marc Schnetzke, Stephan Grechenig, Amir Matityahu, Nils Beisemann, Holger Keil, Jochen Franke, Paul Alfred Grützner, Sven Yves Vetter
BACKGROUND: Indirect screw fixation of the sustentaculum tali in the lateral-medial direction can be challenging due to the complex calcaneal anatomy. A novel 2-dimensional (2D) projection-based software application detects Kirschner wires (K-wires) and visualizes their intended direction as a colored trajectory. The aim of this prospectively randomized cadaver study was to investigate whether the software would facilitate the indirect K-wire placement in the sustentaculum tali. METHODS: In 20 cadaver foot specimens, K-wires were placed indirectly in the sustentaculum tali by an experienced and an inexperienced surgeon, with and without using the application...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342496/-adverse-events-in-the-treatment-of-periprosthetic-fractures-around-the-knee-a-clinical-and-radiological-outcome-analysis
#4
Anna Janine Schreiner, Christoph Gonser, Christoph Ihle, Max Konstantin Zauleck, Tim Klopfer, Fabian Stuby, Ulrich Stöckle, Björn Gunnar Ochs
BACKGROUND: The incidence of periprosthetic fractures associated with total knee arthroplasty (PpFxK) has been reported to be 0.3 - 5.5%. 40% of all cases are related to revision TKA. The most common localisation is the distal femur. Classification is performed according to Rorabeck (RB). RB I - II fractures are usually treated with locked plating and retrograde intramedullary nailing, whereas RB III fractures are an indication for revision arthroplasty using a hinged endoprosthesis...
January 17, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327108/computed-tomography-for-occult-fractures-of-the-proximal-femur-pelvis-and-sacrum-in-clinical-practice-single-institution-dual-site-experience
#5
Jacob C Mandell, Michael J Weaver, Bharti Khurana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of CT for assessment of occult fractures of the proximal femur, pelvis, and sacrum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on patients who received a CT of the hip or pelvis for suspected occult fracture after negative or equivocal radiographs performed within 24 h. The official radiology report was utilized for the determination of CT findings and calculation of sensitivity and specificity...
January 11, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326764/a-prospective-study-to-evaluate-the-management-of-sub-trochanteric-femur-fractures-with-long-proximal-femoral-nail
#6
M Kumar, V Akshat, A Kanwariya, M Gandhi
Introduction: Sub-trochanteric fractures of the femur remains one of the most challenging fractures faced by orthopaedic surgeons. This study was done to analyse the management and complications of sub-trochanteric fractures using long proximal femoral nail (PFN). Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study of 50 patients with sub-trochanteric fractures of femur who were treated with long PFN at a tertiary care center from July 2012 to June 2016. The fractures were classified according to Seinsheimer classification...
November 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326763/incidence-of-varus-malalignment-post-interlocking-nail-in-proximal-femur-shaft-fractures-comparing-two-types-of-entry-points
#7
A N Sadagatullah, M N Nazeeb, S Ibrahim
Introduction: Osteosynthesis of the femur using an interlocking nail is the gold standard for treating diaphyseal fractures of the femur. There are two established entry points for the antegrade interlocking nails which is the piriformis fossa or the greater trochanter. It has been reported that varus malalignment was frequently seen in proximal femur fracture which were treated with interlocking nail utilizing the greater trochanter entry point. The study was done to find out if the problem was of significance...
November 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322292/bilateral-symmetrical-comparison-of-the-proximal-femur-using-3d-ct-models
#8
Filip C Dolatowski, Max J Temmesfeld, Claude Pierre-Jerome, Arne Borthne, Sigurd Erik Hoelsbrekken
PURPOSE: Superimposed three-dimensional (3D)-models obtained from CT-images have been used to evaluate displacement of femoral neck fractures, but this method assumes symmetrical anatomy of normal femurs. The present study aimed to compare the spatial orientation of the left and right proximal femur, thus establishing if 3D models can be used as a reference standard for the evaluation of fracture displacement. METHODS: We generated 3D-CT-models of 20 patients with no skeletal pathology of the proximal femurs...
January 10, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318081/-hidden-preoperative-blood-loss-with-extracapsular-versus-intracapsular-hip-fractures-what-is-the-difference
#9
Katharine D Harper, Paul Navo, Frederick Ramsey, Sainabou Jallow, Saqib Rehman
Purpose: Excessive blood loss with hip fracture management has been shown to result in increased rates of complications. Our goal is to compare blood loss and transfusion rates between patients with intracapsular and extracapsular (both intertrochanteric (IT) and subtrochanteric (ST)) hip fractures. Methods: 472 patients were evaluated over a five-year period. Those who presented to the hospital with a proximal femur fracture (femoral neck, IT or ST) were considered for the study...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316590/hemiarthroplasty-for-fractures-of-metastatic-bone-disease-have-different-outcomes-compared-to-fractures-without-metastasis-a-matched-pair-analysis
#10
Samuel Rosas, Alejandro Marquez-Lara, Alexander H Jinnah, Martin W Roche, Jeffrey S Willey, Chukwuweike Gwam, Cynthia L Emory
INTRODUCTION: Hemiarthropalsty (HA) for proximal femur fractures (PFF) has shown good results in the elderly patient population. It has also been used to treat fractures of the proximal femur in patients with metastatic bone disease (MBD). Nonetheless, complications still occur in both patient populations and their effect on 90-day costs can be a great burden to the healthcare system. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the outcomes and costs of HA for PFF in patients with bone metastasis versus those without it...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282138/the-medial-femoral-wall-can-play-a-more-important-role-in-unstable-intertrochanteric-fractures-compared-with-lateral-femoral-wall-a-biomechanical-study
#11
Boyuan Nie, Xueying Chen, Jing Li, Dou Wu, Qiang Liu
BACKGROUND: The major objective of the present study is to investigate the differences in the load and strain changes in the intertrochanteric region of human cadaveric femora between the loss of medial or lateral wall and after treatment with proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA). METHODS: After measuring the geometry of the proximal femur region and modeling the medial or lateral wall defect femoral models, six pairs of freshly frozen human femora were randomly assigned in the medial or lateral wall group...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276733/decisive-differences-in-the-bone-repair-processes-of-the-metaphysis-and-diaphysis-in-young-mice
#12
Satoshi Inoue, Hirotada Otsuka, Jiro Takito, Masanori Nakamura
Fractures are common traumatic injuries that mainly occur in the metaphyses of long bones such as the proximal humerus, distal radius, and proximal femur. However, most studies of fracture repair processes have focused on the diaphyseal region. In this study, we compared the bone repair processes of the metaphysis and the diaphysis of the mouse tibia. Bone apertures were formed in the tibial metaphysis and diaphysis. At indicated times after surgery, samples were collected, and the healing process was investigated using micro-computed tomography, as well as histological, immunohistochemical, and mRNA expression analyses...
June 2018: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273922/predictors-of-cut-out-after-cephalomedullary-nail-fixation-of-pertrochanteric-fractures-a-retrospective-study-of-813-patients
#13
Luigi Murena, Antonio Moretti, Francesca Meo, Enrico Saggioro, Giulia Barbati, Chiara Ratti, Gianluca Canton
BACKGROUND: Cut-out is the most common mechanical complication of the osteosynthesis of pertrochanteric fractures. This complication determines a significant increase in morbidity in elderly patient. Cut-out is defined as the varus collapse of the femoral head-neck fragment with the extrusion of the cephalic screw. Surgical treatment of cut-out might lead to further complications, longer rehabilitation, increased social burden and healthcare system costs. The aim of the study is to identify the predictors of cut-out to prevent its occurrence...
December 23, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247259/effect-of-sarcopenia-on-clinical-and-surgical-outcome-in-elderly-patients-with-proximal-femur-fractures
#14
Ching-Di Chang, Jim S Wu, Jennifer Ni Mhuircheartaigh, Marry G Hochman, Edward K Rodriguez, Paul T Appleton, Colm J Mcmahon
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between sarcopenia with short-term surgical outcome in elderly patients with proximal femur fractures. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Following Institutional Review Board approval, a database of patients receiving a pelvis CT scan for acute trauma between January 2000-August 2016 was screened for an isolated proximal femur fracture. Patients were excluded if they were: < 50 years old, had conditions predisposing to sarcopenia (renal failure, congestive heart failure, muscular dystrophies), had undergone no surgical treatment, had other major traumatic injuries, or had a pathologic femur fracture...
December 15, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246715/comparable-cumulative-incidence-of-late-periprosthetic-femoral-fracture-and-aseptic-stem-loosening-in-uncemented-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-concise-follow-up-report-at-a-minimum-of-20-years
#15
Moritz M Innmann, Marcus R Streit, Thomas Bruckner, Christian Merle, Tobias Gotterbarm
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of long-term studies into the third decade reporting on the incidence of periprosthetic femoral fracture (PPFF) and aseptic stem loosening (ASL) after cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of the present retrospective, longitudinal cohort study was to compare the cumulative incidence of PPFF and ASL in a consecutive cohort of 326 patients with 354 primary uncemented THAs after 20-25 years and to identify risk factors being associated with PPFFs. METHODS: Postoperative femoral fractures were investigated for timing, mechanism of injury, Vancouver classification, and subsequent treatment...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246133/prediction-of-fracture-load-and-stiffness-of-the-proximal-femur-by-ct-based-specimen-specific-finite-element-analysis-cadaveric-validation-study
#16
Michiaki Miura, Junichi Nakamura, Yusuke Matsuura, Yasushi Wako, Takane Suzuki, Shigeo Hagiwara, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuhide Inage, Yuya Kawarai, Masahiko Sugano, Kento Nawata, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Finite element analysis (FEA) of the proximal femur has been previously validated with large mesh size, but these were insufficient to simulate the model with small implants in recent studies. This study aimed to validate the proximal femoral computed tomography (CT)-based specimen-specific FEA model with smaller mesh size using fresh frozen cadavers. METHODS: Twenty proximal femora from 10 cadavers (mean age, 87.1 years) were examined. CT was performed on all specimens with a calibration phantom...
December 16, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234647/radiographic-anatomy-of-the-proximal-femur-femoral-neck-fracture-vs-transtrochanteric-fracture
#17
Ana Lecia Carneiro Leão de Araújo Lima, Saul Caldas Miranda, Hudson Felipe Oliveira de Vasconcelos
Objective: To evaluate the correlation between radiographic parameters of the proximal femur with femoral neck fractures or transtrochanteric fractures. Methods: Cervicodiaphyseal angle (CDA), femoral neck width (FNW), hip axis length (HAL), and acetabular tear drop distance (ATD) were analyzed in 30 pelvis anteroposterior view X-rays of patients with femoral neck fractures (n = 15) and transtrochanteric fractures (n = 15). The analysis was performed by comparing the results of the X-rays with femoral neck fractures and with transtrochanteric fractures...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234646/a-retrospective-analysis-of-surgically-treated-complex-proximal-femur-fractures-with-proximal-femoral-locking-compression-plate
#18
Syed Ibrahim, Jimmy Joseph Meleppuram
Objective: Analyze the outcomes of proximal femoral locking compression plate (PF-LCP) in these complex fractures. Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed 21 proximal femoral fractures treated with PF-LCP from June 2013 to February 2015. There were 15 females (71%) and six males (29%) with an average age of 61.4 years (range: 34-80 years). The peritrochanteric fractures constituted by intertrochanteric and subtrochanteric fractures were classified by the Boyd and Griffin classification and Seinshemier's classification, respectively...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224055/peri-operative-antibiotic-treatment-of-bacteriuria-reduces-early-deep-surgical-site-infections-in-geriatric-patients-with-proximal-femur-fracture
#19
Ronny Langenhan, Stefanie Bushuven, Niklas Reimers, Axel Probst
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to conduct a re-evaluation of current strategies for peri-operative prophylaxis of infections in orthopaedic surgery of geriatric patients (≥65 years) with proximal femoral fractures (PFF). METHODS: Between 01/2010 and 08/2014 all post-operative infections after stabilization of PFF of 1,089 geriatric patients were recorded retrospectively. All patients pre-operatively received a single dose of 1.5 g cefuroxime (group 1). These were compared to prospectively determined post-operative rates of surgical site infection (SSI) of 441 geriatric patients, which were operated on between 09/2014 and 03/2017 due to PFF...
December 9, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218502/lower-preoperative-hounsfield-unit-values-are-associated-with-intra-operative-fractures-in-cementless-bipolar-hemiarthroplasty
#20
Seung-Ju Kim, Hyun-Soo Park, Dong-Woo Lee, Jong Hun Kim
The use of Hounsfield units (HU) from CT scanning to assess regional BMD has been described. Therefore, we evaluated whether HU could be used to identify osteoporosis of the proximal part of the femur. The results showed that HU assessment is associated with the presence of intra-operative fracture during arthroplasty. INTRODUCTION: The aim with this study was to determine the association of preoperative Hounsfield unit (HU) in hip computed tomography (CT) with intra-operative osteoporotic fracture during cementless hemiarthroplasty...
December 7, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
keyword
keyword
6326
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"