keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Novelty seeking

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150978/mice-lacking-a-functional-nmda-receptor-exhibit-social-subordination-in-a-group-housed-environment
#1
Waka Ujita, Ayako Kohyama-Koganeya, Nozomi Endo, Toki Saito, Hiroshi Oyama
Social dominance, in which an individual asserts control over others or benefits most after social conflict, has an influence on social behaviour. However, the mechanisms mediating social dominance remain unclear. Social dominance within social groups determines the distribution of rewards such as food and access to mating partners, which can act as reinforcers. In this study, we used the water competition test to determine whether mice were dominant or subordinate. We have previously reported that mice heterozygous for a missense mutation in Grin1 (Grin1(Rgsc174) ) showed altered social behaviour, with increased locomotor activity, novelty-seeking and anxiety...
November 18, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141103/risk-profiles-of-personality-traits-for-suicidality-among-mood-disorder-patients-and-community-controls
#2
M-H Su, H-C Chen, M-L Lu, J Feng, I-M Chen, C-S Wu, S-W Chang, P-H Kuo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between personality traits and suicidal ideation (SI) and attempt (SA) in mood disorder patients and community controls. METHOD: We recruited 365 bipolar, 296 major depressive disorder patients, and 315 community controls to assess their lifetime suicidality. Participants filled out self-reported personality questionnaires to collect data of personality traits, including novelty seeking (NS), harm avoidance (HA), extraversion (E), and neuroticism (N)...
November 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100975/personality-measures-after-gamma-ventral-capsulotomy-in-intractable-ocd
#3
Raquel R Paiva, Marcelo C Batistuzzo, Nicole C McLaughlin, Miguel M Canteras, Maria E de Mathis, Guaraci Requena, Roseli G Shavitt, Benjamin D Greenberg, Georg Norén, Steven A Rasmussen, Hermano Tavares, Eurípedes C Miguel, Antonio C Lopes, Marcelo Q Hoexter
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgeries such as gamma ventral capsulotomy (GVC) are an option for otherwise intractable obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients. In general, clinical and neuropsychological status both improve after GVC. However, its consequences on personality traits are not well-studied. The objective of this study was to investigate personality changes after one year of GVC in intractable OCD patients. METHODS: The personality assessment was conducted using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in 14 intractable OCD patients before and one year after GVC...
November 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080410/temperament-and-character-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#4
Arash Mani, Anahita Rostami, Elham Aflaki, Parsa Ravanfar
BACKGROUND: In addition to identified neuropsychiatric characteristic of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), changes in personality seem to occur in patients with SLE. Even in absence of an axis I psychiatric diagnosis, personality variations play important role in general wellbeing of these patients. This study investigated personality features in patients with SLE using Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). METHOD: In this case-control study personality features of 59 patients with confirmed diagnosis of SLE were evaluated using Persian version of TCI-125 questionnaire...
September 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076354/how-do-online-sports-gambling-disorder-patients-compare-with-land-based-patients
#5
Ana Estévez, Raquel Rodríguez, Noelia Díaz, Roser Granero, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Marta Baño, Laura Moragas, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Hibai López-González, Paula Jauregui, Jaione Onaindia, Virginia Martín-Romera, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
Background and aims Recent technological developments have brought about notable changes in the way people gamble. The widespread use of mobile Internet devices and gambling websites has led to a significant leap in the number of people who recreationally gamble. However, for some, gambling can turn into a psychiatric disorder resembling substance addiction. At present, there is a shortage of studies examining differences between adults with gambling disorder (GD) who exclusively make sports bets online, GD patients that are non-sports Internet gamblers, and offline gamblers...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062365/comparing-the-profile-of-temperament-and-character-dimensions-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-mood-disorder-with-a-control-group
#6
Shahram Hajirezaei, Abolfazl Mohammadi, Mehdi Soleimani, Fatemeh Rahiminezhad, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, C Robert Cloninger
Objective: This study was conducted to compare the profile of temperament and character dimensions in patients with major depressive disorder and bipolar mood disorder with a control group. Method: In this causal-comparative study, the population consisted of 2 clinical groups (major depressive disorder and bipolar mood disorder) and a non-clinical group. The sample was 193 individuals (77 patients with major depressive disorder, 86 patients with bipolar mood disorder, and 30 controls), with an age range of 18 to 65 years and the mean age of 40...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059106/personality-disorder-and-treatment-outcome-in-alcohol-use-disorder
#7
Giles Newton-Howes, James Foulds
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As personality disorder impacts the outcome of most major mental disorders, it would be consistent for it to impact negatively on the outcome of alcohol use disorders (AUDs). This update is to provide an up-to-date overview of the recent literature examining the impact of personality disorder and personality traits on the treatment outcome of AUDs. RECENT FINDINGS: Comorbidity between personality disorder and AUD is significant and approaches 50%...
October 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053126/-effect-of-cytokine-genes-and-season-of-birth-on-personality
#8
M V Alfimova, V E Golimbet, G I Korovaitseva, T V Lezheiko, N V Kondrat'ev, M V Gabaeva
AIM: To evaluate the interaction effects of season of birth and immune system genes on the personality traits 'Novelty seeking' (NS) and 'Self-directedness' (SD). Based on results on an influence of the immune system on the brain processes, the authors hypothesized that the interaction of immune system genes and season of birth, which is relevant for immune phenotype, can contribute to the development of personality traits. MATERIAL AND METHODS: NS and SD were measured in 336 healthy volunteers, aged from 16 to 67 years, using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-125)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983136/childhood-inhibitory-control-and-adolescent-impulsivity-and-novelty-seeking-as-differential-predictors-of-relational-and-overt-aggression
#9
Katherine Sarkisian, Carol Van Hulle, Kathryn Lemery-Chalfant, H H Goldsmith
Impulsivity is commonly conflated with novelty seeking, but these traits are conceptually independent and hold different predictive implications. Using a multi-informant, longitudinal design, we examined childhood inhibitory control, as well as adolescent impulsivity and novelty seeking, as predictors of aggression in a sample of 976 twins. Lower childhood inhibitory control and higher adolescent impulsivity predicted both overt and relational aggression in regression analyses that accounted for sex, puberty status, age, and socioeconomic status...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971543/weight-loss-trajectories-in-bariatric-surgery-patients-and-psychopathological-correlates
#10
Amador García-Ruiz-de-Gordejuela, Zaida Agüera, Roser Granero, Trevor Steward, Asunción Llerda-Barberá, Elena López-Segura, Nuria Vilarrasa, Isabel Sanchez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Nuria Virgili, Rafael López-Urdiales, Mónica Montserrat-Gil de Bernabe, Pilar Garrido, Rosa Monseny, Carmen Monasterio, Neus Salord, Jordi Pujol-Gebelli, Jose M Menchón, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
This study aimed to explore the empirical trajectories of body mass index (BMI) 1 year following bariatric surgery (BS) and to identify the risk factors for each trajectory. The study included 115 patients with severe obesity who underwent BS. Assessment included metabolic variables, psychopathological and personality measures. Growth mixture modelling identified four separated trajectories for the percentage of total weight loss course shape (namely, T1 'good-fast', T2 'good', T3 'low' and T4 'low-slow')...
November 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966600/beyond-behavioral-inhibition-a-computer-avatar-task-designed-to-assess-behavioral-inhibition-extends-to-harm-avoidance
#11
Michael Todd Allen, Molly M Jameson, Catherine E Myers
Personality factors such as behavioral inhibition (BI), a temperamental tendency for avoidance in the face of unfamiliar situations, have been identified as risk factors for anxiety disorders. Personality factors are generally identified through self-report inventories. However, this tendency to avoid may affect the accuracy of these self-report inventories. Previously, a computer based task was developed in which the participant guides an on-screen "avatar" through a series of onscreen events; performance on the task could accurately predict participants' BI, measured by a standard paper and pencil questionnaire (Adult Measure of Behavioral Inhibition, or AMBI)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933310/socialization-alleviates-burden-of-oxidative-stress-in-hippocampus-and-prefrontal-cortex-in-morphine-addiction-period-in-male-rats
#12
Hamidreza Famitafreshi, Morteza Karimian
INTRODUCTION: Addiction is a compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behavior. Reduction of high-risk behaviors can reduce the burden of addiction in society and can improve the overall prognosis of drug addiction. The aim of this study is to show that reduction of oxidative stress with socialization will reduce occurrence of high-risk behavior during addiction period. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: socialized, isolated, addicted socialized and addicted isolated...
September 19, 2017: Current Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902418/cloninger-s-temperament-and-character-dimensions-of-personality-and-binge-drinking-among-college-students
#13
Fabien Gierski, Farid Benzerouk, Elodie De Wever, Theodora Duka, Arthur Kaladjian, Véronique Quaglino, Mickaël Naassila
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character dimensions of personality remain largely unexplored in young adults exhibiting binge drinking (BD) patterns. Moreover, the available studies do not consider gender differences and dismiss possible personality heterogeneity among binge drinkers. In this study, we aimed to compare temperament and character dimensions between young binge drinkers and age- and sex-matched social drinkers. We further applied cluster analysis to investigate the potential heterogeneity of personality patterns among BD college students...
November 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874537/correction-to-supporting-information-for-kliethermes-and-crabbe-genetic-independence-of-mouse-measures-of-some-aspects-of-novelty-seeking
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844729/handling-newborn-monkeys-alters-later-exploratory-cognitive-and-social-behaviors
#15
Elizabeth A Simpson, Valentina Sclafani, Annika Paukner, Stefano S K Kaburu, Stephen J Suomi, Pier F Ferrari
Touch is one of the first senses to develop and one of the earliest modalities for infant-caregiver communication. While studies have explored the benefits of infant touch in terms of physical health and growth, the effects of social touch on infant behavior are relatively unexplored. Here, we investigated the influence of neonatal handling on a variety of domains, including memory, novelty seeking, and social interest, in infant monkeys (Macaca mulatta; n=48) from 2 to 12 weeks of age. Neonates were randomly assigned to receive extra holding, with or without accompanying face-to-face interactions...
August 18, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838248/the-relevance-of-personality-traits-in-impulsivity-related-disorders-from-substance-use-disorders-and-gambling-disorder-to-bulimia-nervosa
#16
Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Zaida Agüera, Roser Granero, Anders Hakansson, Ana B Fagundo, Ferran Bolao, Ana Valdepérez, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Eva Penelo, Laura Moragas, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Assumpta Rigol-Cuadras, Virginia Martín-Romera, José M Menchón
Background and aims The main aim of this study was to analyze and describe the clinical characteristics and shared personality traits in different impulsivity-compulsivity spectrum disorders: substance use disorders (SUD), gambling disorder (GD), and bulimia nervosa (BN). The specific aims were to compare personality differences among individuals with pure SUD, BN with and without SUD, and GD with and without SUD. In addition, we assessed the differential predictive capacity of clinical and personality variables in relation to diagnostic subtype...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836395/high-novelty-seeking-as-a-predictor-of-antisocial-behaviour-in-early-adulthood
#17
James Foulds, Joseph Boden, John Horwood, Roger Mulder
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association between novelty seeking (NS) and antisocial behaviours (age 18-35). METHOD: A New Zealand general population birth cohort was studied from 1977 to 2012. Sample sizes ranged from n = 962 (age 35) to n = 1025 (age 18). NS was measured at age 16 using the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire. Perpetration of antisocial behaviours was ascertained by self-report at ages 18, 21, 25, 30 and 35. Generalized estimating equation models investigated the association between NS and antisocial behaviours net of individual factors and correlates of NS before age 16 and alcohol and substance use disorders at age 18-35...
August 23, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810968/self-management-strategies-for-stress-and-anxiety-used-by-nontreatment-seeking-veteran-primary-care-patients
#18
Robyn L Shepardson, Jennie Tapio, Jennifer S Funderburk
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common reasons individuals do not seek mental health treatment is a preference to manage emotional concerns on their own. Self-management refers to the strategies that individuals use on their own (i.e., without professional guidance) to manage symptoms. Little research has examined self-management for anxiety despite its potential utility as the first step in a stepped care approach to primary care. The objectives of this study were to describe patients' anxiety self-management strategies, identify which types were perceived to be effective, and explore potential correlates...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769544/personality-characteristics-and-neurocognitive-functions-in-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Xiaojing Li, Qiang Wang, Yuejing Wu, Sherrie Wang, Yi Huang, Tao Li
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of autism spectrum disorder in children and the huge family burdens have caused concern in the academic field as well as society. AIM: To study the personality characteristics and neurocognitive functions in the Chinese parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and compare them with the parents of well-developed children. METHOD: This study recruited 41 Chinese children who met the diagnostic criteria of autism spectrum disorder according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders-IV (DSM-IV)...
February 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752923/lp-211-a-selective-5-ht7-receptor-agonist-increases-novelty-preference-and-promotes-risk-prone-behavior-in-rats
#20
G Beaudet, E Paizanis, F Zoratto, E Lacivita, M Leopoldo, T Freret, G Laviola, M Boulouard, W Adriani
Gambling disorder is associated to an increased impulsivity, a high level of novelty-seeking and a dysregulation of the forebrain neurotransmission systems. However, the neurobiological mechanisms of this addictive disorder are not fully understood and no valid pharmacological approach has yet been approved. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of 5-HT7 receptor (5-HT7 R) stimulation with a brain penetrant and selective agonist, LP-211 (0.25 and 0.50 mg kg(-1) i.p.) during post-experience consolidation, (i) acutely in a novelty-preference test (Exp...
July 28, 2017: Synapse
keyword
keyword
63259
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"