keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sugar independent risk factor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904456/association-of-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-in-carotid-intima-media-thickness-a-study-from-south-india
#1
Jaydip Ray Chauduri, K Rukmini Mridula, Matapathi Umamashesh, Banda Balaraju, V C S Srinivasarao Bandaru
BACKGROUND: Abnormal carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a marker of carotid atherosclerosis which is a risk factor for cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. Recent studies have found an association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency with abnormal carotid IMT. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels with carotid IMT in Indian participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively recruited 300 participants at Yashoda Hospital, Hyderabad, during the study period between January 2012 and December 2014...
July 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892990/prevalence-of-acanthosis-nigricans-and-related-factors-in-iranian-obese-children
#2
Fatemeh Sayarifard, Azadeh Sayarifard, Bahar Allahverdi, Sara Ipakchi, Mastaneh Moghtaderi, Bahareh Yaghmaei
INTRODUCTION: Recognition of Acanthosis nigricans (AN) provides important opportunities for screening of obesity syndrome, dyslipidemia, hypertension and insulin resistance with diabetes mellitus 2. Considering the high prevalence of obesity among Iranian children, we designed this study to estimate the prevalence of AN and related laboratory factors in Iranian obese children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-one obese children were enrolled in this study. Diagnosis of AN was done by clinical examination...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860032/dietary-patterns-and-long-term-survival-a-retrospective-study-of-healthy-primary-care-patients
#3
Nilay S Shah, David Leonard, Carrie E Finley, Fatima Rodriguez, Ashish Sarraju, Carolyn E Barlow, Laura F DeFina, Benjamin L Willis, William L Haskell, David J Maron
BACKGROUND: Dietary patterns are related to mortality in selected populations with comorbidities. We studied whether dietary patterns are associated with long-term survival in a middle-aged, healthy population. METHODS: In this observational cohort study at the Cooper Clinic preventive medicine center (Dallas, Texas), a volunteer sample of 11,376 men and women with no history of myocardial infarction or stroke completed a baseline dietary assessment between 1987-1999 and were observed for an average of 18 years...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857035/two-common-variants-of-human-papillomavirus-type-16-e6-differentially-deregulate-sugar-metabolism-and-hypoxia-signalling-in-permissive-human-keratinocytes
#4
Sean Cuninghame, Robert Jackson, Simon J Lees, Ingeborg Zehbe
Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) is responsible for most cancers attributable to HPV infection and naturally occurring variants of the HPV16 E6 oncoprotein predispose individuals to varying risk for developing cancer. Population studies by us and others have demonstrated that the common Asian-American E6 (AAE6) variant is a higher risk factor for cervical cancer than the E6 of another common variant, the European prototype (EPE6). However, a complete understanding of the molecular processes fundamental to these epidemiological findings is still lacking...
August 31, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855463/the-development-of-a-pre-dehydration-check-sheet-for-independent-community-dwelling-elderly-a-continuation-of-research-about-pre-dehydration-among-elderly-individuals-who-had-been-admitted-to-or-regularly-visited-an-elderly-care-institution
#5
Hideki Taniguchi, Keiko Ushigome
AIM: In the present study, we defined the state of pre-dehydration (PD) as the suspected loss of body fluids, not accompanied by subjective symptoms (serum osmotic pressure: 292-300 mOsm/kg・H2O). The goal of this study was to develop a non-invasive PD check sheet for independent home care for the elderly. METHODS: We evaluated the serum osmotic pressure of 222 independent community dwelling elderly individuals who were >65 years of age. We then determined the association between the serum osmotic pressure and various dehydration-related diagnostic factors that we identified in a previous study...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759394/impact-of-prolonged-breastfeeding-on-dental-caries-a-population-based-birth-cohort-study
#6
Karen Glazer Peres, Gustavo G Nascimento, Marco Aurelio Peres, Murthy N Mittinty, Flavio Fernando Demarco, Ina Silva Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluisio J D Barros
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the effect of breastfeeding, bottle feeding, and sugar consumption on children's dental caries. We investigated whether the duration of breastfeeding is a risk factor for dental caries in the primary dentition, independently of sugar consumption. METHODS: An oral health study (n = 1303) nested in a birth cohort study was carried out in southern Brazil. The average number of decayed, missing, and filled primary tooth surfaces (dmfs) and severe early childhood caries (S-ECC: dmfs ≥6) were investigated at age 5 years...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661446/olive-polyphenols-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Bandhita Saibandith, Jeremy P E Spencer, Ian R Rowland, Daniel M Commane
Here, the effects of consuming polyphenol-rich olive products, including olive leaves, their crude extract, and extra virgin olive oil, on aspects of the metabolic syndrome are reviewed. We have sought to summarize the available scientific evidence from dietary intervention trials demonstrating a role for these phytochemicals in ameliorating aberrant glucose metabolism, high blood pressure and elevated blood lipids, and we discuss the potential mechanisms underpinning these observations. Searches for relevant literature published in English were conducted via PubMed and Science Direct...
June 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510998/new-onset-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-patients-receiving-hiv-care-at-newlands-clinic-harare-zimbabwe-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#8
Cleophas Chimbetete, Catrina Mugglin, Tinei Shamu, Bindu Kalesan, Barbara Bertisch, Matthias Egger, Olivia Keiser
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence and associated factors of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Zimbabwe. METHODS: We analysed data of all HIV-infected patients older than 16 years who attended Newlands Clinic between March 1, 2004 and April 29, 2015. The clinic considers patients whose random blood sugar is higher than 11.1 mmol/l and which is confirmed by a fasting blood sugar higher than 7.0 mmol/l to have T2DM. T2DM is also diagnosed in symptomatic patients who have a RBS >11...
July 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483048/the-association-between-diabetes-mellitus-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-tooth-loss-in-adults-evidence-from-18-states
#9
R Constance Wiener, Chan Shen, Patricia A Findley, Usha Sambamoorthi, Xi Tan
BACKGROUND: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are dietary sources of sugar that are factors in caries development and tooth loss. Dietary sugar also is linked to diabetes mellitus (DM). There is limited research related to SSBs and tooth loss in people with DM. The authors investigated the association between SSBs and tooth loss as it related to the presence or absence of DM. METHODS: The authors used a cross-sectional design with data reported by adults (18 years and older) who responded to the 2012 Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System questionnaire, which was used in 18 states (N = 95,897; 14,043 who had DM and 81,854 who did not have DM)...
July 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394363/interleukin-18-mediates-cardiac-dysfunction-induced-by-western-diet-independent-of-obesity-and-hyperglycemia-in-the-mouse
#10
S Carbone, P J H Lee, A G Mauro, E Mezzaroma, R Buzzetti, B Van Tassell, A Abbate, S Toldo
Obesity and diabetes are independent risk factors for heart failure and are associated with the consumption of diet rich in saturated fat and sugar, Western diet (WD), known to induce cardiac dysfunction in the mouse through incompletely characterized inflammatory mechanisms. We hypothesized that the detrimental cardiac effects of WD are mediated by interleukin-18 (IL-18), pro-inflammatory cytokine linked to cardiac dysfunction. C57BL/6J wild-type male mice and IL-18 knockout male mice were fed high-saturated fat and high-sugar diet for 8 weeks...
April 10, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365271/dietary-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-associated-with-incident-kidney-stones-in-men-and-women
#11
Pietro Manuel Ferraro, Eric N Taylor, Giovanni Gambaro, Gary C Curhan
PURPOSE: Several dietary and lifestyle factors are associated with a higher risk of kidney stones. We estimated the population attributable fraction and the number needed to prevent for modifiable risk factors, including body mass index, fluid intake, DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) style diet, dietary calcium intake and sugar sweetened beverage intake. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data on the HPFS (Health Professionals Follow-Up Study) cohort and the NHS (Nurses' Health Study) I and II cohorts...
October 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364488/short-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-eating-more-carbohydrates-and-less-dietary-fat-in-mexican-american-children
#12
Suzanna M Martinez, Jeanne M Tschann, Nancy F Butte, Steve E Gregorich, Carlos Penilla, Elena Flores, Louise C Greenspan, Lauri A Pasch, Julianna Deardorff
Study Objective: Short sleep duration is a risk factor for childhood obesity. Mechanisms are unclear, but may involve selection of high carbohydrate foods. This study examined the association between estimated sleep duration and macronutrient intake as percentages of total energy among Mexican American (MA) 9-11 year olds. Methods: This cross-sectional study measured diet using two 24-hour recalls and estimated sleep duration using hip-worn accelerometry in MA children (n = 247) who were part of a cohort study...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280982/risk-factors-for-anastomotic-leakage-after-laparoscopic-surgery-with-the-double-stapling-technique-for-stage-0-i-rectal-carcinoma-a-subgroup-analysis-of-a-multicenter-single-arm-phase-ii-trial
#13
Keitaro Tanaka, Junji Okuda, Seiichiro Yamamoto, Masaaki Ito, Kazuhiro Sakamoto, Yukihito Kokuba, Kenichi Yoshimura, Masahiko Watanabe
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic rectal surgery. METHODS: We conducted a prospective trial involving 395 patients with stage 0/I rectal carcinoma who underwent laparoscopic low anterior resection using a double stapling technique. Data concerning variables related to patient background, tumors and surgical factors were evaluated. The outcomes with respect to anastomotic leakage were recorded, and univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify relevant risk factors...
March 9, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280728/the-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-is-associated-with-coronary-artery-calcification-in-asymptomatic-korean-males-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Su-Hyun Nam, Sung-Goo Kang, Sang-Wook Song
Introduction. The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a significant systemic predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The coronary artery calcium score (CACS) reflects coronary artery calcification and is an independent risk factor for coronary artery stenosis. In the present study, we explored the relationship between the NLR and CACS in terms of subclinical inflammation and coronary artery calcification. Materials and Methods. We evaluated males and females who did not have CVD, diabetes, high blood pressure, or high fasting blood sugar levels...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262323/soft-drink-consumption-and-gestational-diabetes-risk-in-the-sun-project
#15
Mikel Donazar-Ezcurra, Cristina Lopez-Del Burgo, Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez, Francisco J Basterra-Gortari, Jokin de Irala, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence is increasing worldwide. To the best of our knowledge the specific evaluation of soft drink consumption as a risk factor for developing GDM has only been conducted in the Nurses' Health Study II. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of GDM according to soft drink consumption in the SUN project. DESIGN: The "Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra" (SUN) project is a prospective and dynamic cohort which included data of 3396 women who notified at least one pregnancy between December 1999 and March 2012...
February 20, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222484/overweight-obese-underweight-and-frequency-of-sugar-consumption-as-risk-indicators-for-early-childhood-caries-in-brazilian-preschool-children
#16
Cecilia Claudia Costa Ribeiro, Mariana Carvalho Batista da Silva, Ana Margarida Melo Nunes, Erika Bárbara de Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Cadidja Dayane Sousa Carmo, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
BACKGROUND: A possible association between being overweight or obese and early childhood caries (ECC) remains controversial. AIM: To investigated this association in a developing country testing the confounding effects of socioeconomic factors and frequency of sugar consumption. METHODS: Historical cohort study, 388 children (aged 24-71 months) living in São Luís, Brazil. A theoretical model adjusted according to income, birthweight, and nutritional status at twelve months and frequency of sugar consumption was generated with directed acyclic graphs to analyze this association...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220959/evaluating-clinical-dietary-and-psychological-risk-factors-for-relapse-of-ulcerative-colitis-in-clinical-endoscopic-and-histological-remission
#17
Rajan Dhingra, Saurabh Kedia, Pratap Mouli Venigalla, Sushil Kumar, Namrata Singh, Sawan Bopanna, Vikas Singla, Bikash Narayan Choudhury, Prashant Verma, Veena Tiwari, Siddhartha Datta Gupta, Govind Makharia, Vineet Ahuja
BACKGROUND: The literature on possible factors that could trigger a relapse in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) in clinical, endoscopic and histological remission on long term follow up is scarce. AIM: To determine the relapse rate in patients with UC in clinical, endoscopic and histological remission and identify factors that may influence the risk of relapse. METHODS: Patients with UC in clinical, endoscopic and histological remission were enrolled between January-July 2010 and followed up for 1 year to determine the effect of clinical, dietary and psychological factors on relapse...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214853/chronic-consumption-of-artificial-sweetener-in-packets-or-tablets-and-type-2-diabetes-risk-evidence-from-the-e3n-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-study
#18
Guy Fagherazzi, Gaëlle Gusto, Aurélie Affret, Francesca Romana Mancini, Courtney Dow, Beverley Balkau, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Fabrice Bonnet, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault
BACKGROUND: The influence of artificial sweeteners on metabolic diseases is controversial. Artificially sweetened beverages have been associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) but biases and reverse causation have been suspected to have influenced the observed association. In addition, it has been suggested that investigation into the relationship between the frequency and duration of the consumption of packet or tablet artificial sweeteners and T2D risk is necessary...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161146/dietary-strategies-for-cardiovascular-health
#19
REVIEW
Brad P Dieter, Katherine R Tuttle
Cardiovascular disease is developed across a lifetime accumulation of risk. Numerous independent and synergistic cardiovascular risk factors can be induced by unhealthy dietary patterns. Epidemiological, mechanistic, clinical, and translational research point to refined sugars, processed and fatty meats, synthetic oils, and sodium as major dietary risk factors. The purpose of this review is to integrate these learnings into key principles for dietary frameworks aimed at improving overall cardiovascular health...
July 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160762/dietary-therapy-in-patients-with-inflammatory-arthritis
#20
Rauli Mäkelä, Heli Mäkilä, Ritva Peltomaa
Context • The exact etiology of rheumatoid disease is currently unknown. Changes in the microbiota of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, chronic bacterial infection of the upper urinary tract, increased permeability of the GI tract, and food sensitivities have been classified among the factors that may cause or aggravate the disease. Dietary deficiencies also may render patients more susceptible to inflammatory conditions and disorders of the immunological system. Objective • The study intended to determine the effects of a therapy consisting of dietary elimination, dietary supplements, and probiotics, collectively called DDP therapy, which is given either independently or in combination with conventional pharmacological agents...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
keyword
keyword
63256
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"