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Narrative psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917128/what-role-can-avatars-play-in-e-mental-health-interventions-exploring-new-models-of-client-therapist-interaction
#1
REVIEW
Imogen C Rehm, Emily Foenander, Klaire Wallace, Jo-Anne M Abbott, Michael Kyrios, Neil Thomas
In the burgeoning field of e-mental health interventions, avatars are increasingly being utilized to facilitate online communication between clients and therapists, and among peers. Avatars are digital self-representations, which enable individuals to interact with each other in computer-based virtual environments. In this narrative review, we examine the psychotherapeutic applications of avatars that have been investigated and trialed to date. Five key applications were identified (1) in the formation of online peer support communities; (2) replicating traditional modes of psychotherapy by using avatars as a vehicle to communicate within a wholly virtual environment; (3) using avatar technology to facilitate or augment face-to-face treatment; (4) as part of serious games; and (5) communication with an autonomous virtual therapist...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892804/the-form-of-the-story-measuring-formal-aspects-of-narrative-activity-in-psychotherapy
#2
Tilmann Habermas, Susanne Döll-Hentschker
OBJECTIVE: We ask which are the clinically relevant qualities of narratives in psychotherapy and how they can be measured. METHOD: On the background of psychoanalytic assumptions and narrative theory, we propose to measure formal narrative processes which stay close to the linguistic surface, because these escape conscious control. RESULTS: We propose five aspects of narratives to be especially sensitive to distortions and therefore prone to change in successful therapies: (1) The actual chronological, stepwise narrating of events, (2) the intentional structuring of events, or emplotment, (3) the immediate evaluation, (4) the reflected interpretation of events, and finally (5) the consistency and completeness of the narrative...
November 28, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855544/three-narrative-based-coding-systems-innovative-moments-ambivalence-and-ambivalence-resolution
#3
Miguel M Gonçalves, António P Ribeiro, Inês Mendes, Daniela Alves, Joana Silva, Catarina Rosa, Cátia Braga, João Batista, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, João Tiago Oliveira
Narrative and dialogical perspectives suggest that personal meaning systems' flexibility is an important resource for change in psychotherapy. Drawn from these theoretical backgrounds, a research program focused on the identification of Innovative Moments (IMs)-exceptions to the inflexible meaning systems present in psychopathological suffering-has been carried out. For this purpose, three process-oriented coding systems were developed: The IMs Coding System, the Ambivalence Coding System, and the Ambivalence Resolution Coding System...
November 18, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833219/neuroimaging-studies-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-narrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Arpit Parmar, Siddharth Sarkar
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a relatively common psychiatric illness with a lifetime prevalence of 2-3% in general population. The pathophysiology of OCD is not yet fully understood, however over the last few decades, evidence for abnormalities of cortico-striatal-thalamic-cortico (CSTC) circuitry in etiopathogenesis of OCD has accumulated. Recent brain imaging techniques have been particularly convincing in suggesting that CSTC circuits are responsible for mediation of OCD symptoms. Neuroimaging studies, especially more recent studies using functional neuroimaging methods have looked for possible changes seen in the brain of patients with OCD, the specificity of the findings (as compared to other psychiatric illnesses) and the effects of treatment (pharmacotherapy/psychotherapy) on such changes were observed...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779294/-comparison-of-efficacy-of-psychiatric-treatment-versus-treatment-in-general-medicine
#5
L M Bijkersma-Pot, P Cuijpers, A T F Beekman, R A Schoevers
There is increasing attention to the costs and efficacy of health care and in particular to psychiatry. To weigh the costs and benefits appropriately, it is important to be able to compare effects.<br/> AIM: To describe the efficacy of psychiatric treatment compared to treatment in general medicine.<br/> METHOD: Narrative review.<br/> RESULTS: The average effect size of psychiatric treatment was 0.49 and that of general medicine treatment 0.45. The effect size of psychotherapy varied from 0...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772015/the-narrative-emotion-process-coding-system-2-0-a-multi-methodological-approach-to-identifying-and-assessing-narrative-emotion-process-markers-in-psychotherapy
#6
Lynne E Angus, Tali Boritz, Emily Bryntwick, Naomi Carpenter, Christianne Macaulay, Jasmine Khattra
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggest that it is not simply the expression of emotion or emotional arousal in session that is important, but rather it is the reflective processing of emergent, adaptive emotions, arising in the context of personal storytelling and/or Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT) interventions, that is associated with change. METHOD: To enhance narrative-emotion integration specifically in EFT, Angus and Greenberg originally identified a set of eight clinically derived narrative-emotion integration markers were originally identified for the implementation of process-guiding therapeutic responses...
October 24, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766698/narrative-changes-predict-a-decrease-in-symptoms-in-cbt-for-depression-an-exploratory-study
#7
Miguel M Gonçalves, Joana Ribeiro Silva, Inês Mendes, Catarina Rosa, António P Ribeiro, João Batista, Inês Sousa, Carlos F Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: Innovative moments (IMs) are new and more adjusted ways of thinking, acting, feeling and relating that emerge during psychotherapy. Previous research on IMs has provided sustainable evidence that IMs differentiate recovered from unchanged psychotherapy cases. However, studies with cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) are so far absent. The present study tests whether IMs can be reliably identified in CBT and examines if IMs and symptoms' improvement are associated. METHODS: The following variables were assessed in each session from a sample of six cases of CBT for depression (a total of 111 sessions): (a) symptomatology outcomes (Outcome Questionnaire-OQ-10) and (b) IMs...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756239/the-infant-feeding-genogram-a-tool-for-exploring-family-infant-feeding-history-and-identifying-support-needs
#8
K L Darwent, R J McInnes, V Swanson
BACKGROUND: Family culture and beliefs are passed through the generations within families and influence what constitutes appropriate infant care. This includes infant feeding decisions where a family history and support network congruent with women's infant feeding intentions has been shown to be important to women's breastfeeding experience. This is reflected in breastfeeding rates where women who were not breastfed themselves are less likely to initiate and continue with breastfeeding...
October 19, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743464/therapeutic-conversations-therapists-use-of-observational-language-contributes-to-optimal-therapeutic-outcomes
#9
James A Banham, Robert D Schweitzer
OBJECTIVE: Reflexivity is the process of critically examining one's own experience. Emerging literature suggests that reflexivity is a positive predictor of outcomes in psychotherapy. However, limited research has been conducted regarding therapists' use of reflexivity as a therapeutic technique. In particular, we have a limited understanding of how therapists use language to initiate reflexive conversations. This study investigates the characteristics of therapist language that elicit reflexivity focused on internal and external processes...
October 15, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701665/treatments-for-hyperemesis-gravidarum-and-nausea-and-vomiting-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#10
Catherine McParlin, Amy O'Donnell, Stephen C Robson, Fiona Beyer, Eoin Moloney, Andrew Bryant, Jennifer Bradley, Colin R Muirhead, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Justine Norman, Caroline Shaw, Emma Simpson, Brian Swallow, Laura Yates, Luke Vale
Importance: Nausea and vomiting affects approximately 85% of pregnant women. The most severe form, hyperemesis gravidarum, affects up to 3% of women and can have significant adverse physical and psychological sequelae. Objective: To summarize current evidence on effective treatments for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum. Evidence Review: Databases were searched to June 8, 2016. Relevant websites and bibliographies were also searched...
October 4, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684102/psilocybin-for-treating-substance-use-disorders
#11
Bas T H de Veen, Arnt F A Schellekens, Michel M M Verheij, Judith R Homberg
INTRODUCTION: Evidence based treatment for Substance use disorders (SUD) includes psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. However, these are only partially effective. Hallucinogens, such as psilocybin, may represent potential new treatment options for SUD. This review provides a summary of (human) studies on the putative therapeutic effects of psilocybin, and discusses the receptor systems, brain regions and cognitive and emotional processes mediating psilocybin's effects. Psilocybin's chemical structure is similar to that of serotonin...
August 12, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634687/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-narrative-review-on-efficacy-and-informed-consent
#12
Keith J Geraghty, Charlotte Blease
Cognitive behavioural therapy is increasingly promoted as a treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome. There is limited research on informed consent using cognitive behavioural therapy in chronic fatigue syndrome. We undertook a narrative review to explore efficacy and to identify the salient information that should be disclosed to patients. We found a complex theoretical model underlying the rationale for psychotherapy in chronic fatigue syndrome. Cognitive behavioural therapy may bring about changes in self-reported fatigue for some patients in the short term, however there is a lack of evidence for long-term benefit or for improving physical function and cognitive behavioural therapy may cause distress if inappropriately prescribed...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631420/from-feelings-of-imprisonment-to-group-cohesion-a-qualitative-analysis-of-group-analytic-psychotherapy-with-dual-diagnosed-patients-admitted-to-an-acute-inpatient-psychiatric-unit
#13
Lidia Sánchez Morales, Francisco José Eiroa-Orosa, Cristina Valls Llagostera, Alba González Pérez, Cristina Alberich
OBJECTIVES: Group cohesion, the establishment of hope, and the expression of feelings have been said to be the basic ingredients of group psychotherapy. To date, there is few literature describing therapeutic processes in short stay settings such as acute psychiatric wards and with special patient groups such as addictions. Our goal with this study is to describe and analyze group processes in such contexts. METHODS: We used a qualitative methodology combining constant comparative methods and hermeneutical triangulation to analyze therapeutic narratives in the context of a group analytic process carried following Foulkes' and Yalom's styles...
September 15, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606942/facets-of-object-representation-process-and-outcome-over-the-course-of-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#14
Anthony S J Mullin, Mark J Hilsenroth, Jerold Gold, Barry A Farber
This study explores the effectiveness of psychodynamic psychotherapy in improving facets of object relations (OR) functioning over the course of treatment. The sample consisted of 75 outpatients engaged in short-term dynamic psychotherapy at a university-based psychological services clinic. Facets of OR functioning were assessed at pre- and posttreatment by independent raters using the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global rating method (SCORS-G; Stein, Hilsenroth, Slavin-Mulford, & Pinsker, 2011 ; Westen, 1995 ) from in-session patient relational narratives...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592868/-uncertain-effect-of-psychological-treatment-on-depression-for-patients-with-cancer
#15
Anna Thit Johnsen, Lone Ross, Mai-Britt Guldin
Depression is a well-known co-morbidity of cancer. A possible intervention for depression is psychological treatment defined as psychotherapy provided by a psychologist. In this narrative review we investigated the effect of psychological treatment on depression for patients with cancer. Six Cochrane reviews of 38 studies investigating psychological or psychosocial interventions were reviewed. One of the 38 studies could not be assessed. None of the included studies investigated psychological treatment for patients who were diagnosed with depression or included because of depression symptoms...
August 29, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502798/bending-without-breaking-a-narrative-review-of-trauma-sensitive-yoga-for-women-with-ptsd
#16
Caitlin R Nolan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to evaluate the peer-reviewed empirical evidence on the use of Trauma-Sensitive Yoga (TSY) for the treatment of women with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): specifically interpersonal trauma such as intimate partner violence. To date, no such review has been conducted. METHODS: Articles meeting study inclusionary criteria were identified through electronic database searches. A total of five studies (N = 5) were selected and reviewed...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494547/cognitive-behavioral-therapies-for-depression-and-substance-use-disorders-an-overview-of-traditional-third-wave-and-transdiagnostic-approaches
#17
Anka A Vujanovic, Thomas D Meyer, Angela M Heads, Angela L Stotts, Yolanda R Villarreal, Joy M Schmitz
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of depression and substance use disorders (SUD) is highly prevalent and associated with poor treatment outcomes for both disorders. As compared to individuals suffering from either disorder alone, individuals with both conditions are likely to endure a more severe and chronic clinical course with worse treatment outcomes. Thus, current practice guidelines recommend treating these co-occurring disorders simultaneously. OBJECTIVES: The overarching aims of this narrative are two-fold: (1) to provide an updated review of the current empirical status of integrated psychotherapy approaches for SUD and depression comorbidity, based on models of traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and newer third-wave CBT approaches, including acceptance- and mindfulness-based interventions and behavioral activation (BA); and (2) to propose a novel theoretical framework for transdiagnostic CBT for SUD-depression, based upon empirically grounded psychological mechanisms underlying this highly prevalent comorbidity...
August 5, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471487/videogames-and-therapy-a-narrative-review-of-recent-publication-and-application-to-treatment
#18
REVIEW
Gilbert E Franco
Individuals who play videogames can interact with virtual worlds, resulting in emotional and intellectual connections that have therapeutic implications in the hands of a skilled and informed therapist. There is research available in the literature that suggests that videogames are a viable option in psychotherapy. The present article provides a review of the literature available in the use of videogames in treatment, discusses the importance of disseminating the findings in the literature, and discusses the integration of videogames in treatment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462898/effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-in-eating-disorders-an-overview-of-cochrane-systematic-reviews
#19
Marcelle Barrueco Costa, Tamara Melnik
Eating disorders are psychiatric conditions originated from and perpetuated by individual, family and sociocultural factors. The psychosocial approach to treatment and prevention of relapse is crucial. To present an overview of the scientific evidence on effectiveness of psychosocial interventions in treatment of eating disorders. All systematic reviews published by the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Cochrane Library on the topic were included. Afterwards, as from the least recent date of these reviews (2001), an additional search was conducted at PubMed with sensitive search strategy and with the same keywords used...
April 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355891/the-role-of-memory-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-implications-for-clinical-practice
#20
Marcelo Montagner Rigoli, Gustavo Ramos Silva, Fernando Rainho de Oliveira, Giovanni Kuckartz Pergher, Christian Haag Kristensen
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a highly prevalent disorder with important social consequences. Several models have been developed with the aim of understanding the mechanisms underlying its symptoms. Intrusions are idiosyncratic symptoms that commonly take the form of involuntary recollection of images or flashbacks about the traumatic event. OBJECTIVE: To review how memory is conceptualized in each of these models and the implications for clinical practice...
June 27, 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
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