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Narrative psychotherapy

Miguel M Gonçalves, Joana Ribeiro Silva, Inês Mendes, Catarina Rosa, António P Ribeiro, João Batista, Inês Sousa, Carlos F Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: Innovative moments (IMs) are new and more adjusted ways of thinking, acting, feeling and relating that emerge during psychotherapy. Previous research on IMs has provided sustainable evidence that IMs differentiate recovered from unchanged psychotherapy cases. However, studies with cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) are so far absent. The present study tests whether IMs can be reliably identified in CBT and examines if IMs and symptoms' improvement are associated. METHODS: The following variables were assessed in each session from a sample of six cases of CBT for depression (a total of 111 sessions): (a) symptomatology outcomes (Outcome Questionnaire-OQ-10) and (b) IMs...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
K L Darwent, R J McInnes, V Swanson
BACKGROUND: Family culture and beliefs are passed through the generations within families and influence what constitutes appropriate infant care. This includes infant feeding decisions where a family history and support network congruent with women's infant feeding intentions has been shown to be important to women's breastfeeding experience. This is reflected in breastfeeding rates where women who were not breastfed themselves are less likely to initiate and continue with breastfeeding...
October 19, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
James A Banham, Robert D Schweitzer
OBJECTIVE: Reflexivity is the process of critically examining one's own experience. Emerging literature suggests that reflexivity is a positive predictor of outcomes in psychotherapy. However, limited research has been conducted regarding therapists' use of reflexivity as a therapeutic technique. In particular, we have a limited understanding of how therapists use language to initiate reflexive conversations. This study investigates the characteristics of therapist language that elicit reflexivity focused on internal and external processes...
October 15, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Catherine McParlin, Amy O'Donnell, Stephen C Robson, Fiona Beyer, Eoin Moloney, Andrew Bryant, Jennifer Bradley, Colin R Muirhead, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Justine Norman, Caroline Shaw, Emma Simpson, Brian Swallow, Laura Yates, Luke Vale
Importance: Nausea and vomiting affects approximately 85% of pregnant women. The most severe form, hyperemesis gravidarum, affects up to 3% of women and can have significant adverse physical and psychological sequelae. Objective: To summarize current evidence on effective treatments for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum. Evidence Review: Databases were searched to June 8, 2016. Relevant websites and bibliographies were also searched...
October 4, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Bas T H de Veen, Arnt F A Schellekens, Michel M M Verheij, Judith R Homberg
INTRODUCTION: Evidence based treatment for Substance use disorders (SUD) includes psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. However, these are only partially effective. Hallucinogens, such as psilocybin, may represent potential new treatment options for SUD. This review provides a summary of (human) studies on the putative therapeutic effects of psilocybin, and discusses the receptor systems, brain regions and cognitive and emotional processes mediating psilocybin's effects. Psilocybin's chemical structure is similar to that of serotonin...
August 12, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Keith J Geraghty, Charlotte Blease
Cognitive behavioural therapy is increasingly promoted as a treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome. There is limited research on informed consent using cognitive behavioural therapy in chronic fatigue syndrome. We undertook a narrative review to explore efficacy and to identify the salient information that should be disclosed to patients. We found a complex theoretical model underlying the rationale for psychotherapy in chronic fatigue syndrome. Cognitive behavioural therapy may bring about changes in self-reported fatigue for some patients in the short term, however there is a lack of evidence for long-term benefit or for improving physical function and cognitive behavioural therapy may cause distress if inappropriately prescribed...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Lidia Sánchez Morales, Francisco José Eiroa-Orosa, Cristina Valls Llagostera, Alba González Pérez, Cristina Alberich
OBJECTIVES: Group cohesion, the establishment of hope, and the expression of feelings have been said to be the basic ingredients of group psychotherapy. To date, there is few literature describing therapeutic processes in short stay settings such as acute psychiatric wards and with special patient groups such as addictions. Our goal with this study is to describe and analyze group processes in such contexts. METHODS: We used a qualitative methodology combining constant comparative methods and hermeneutical triangulation to analyze therapeutic narratives in the context of a group analytic process carried following Foulkes' and Yalom's styles...
September 15, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
Anthony S J Mullin, Mark J Hilsenroth, Jerold Gold, Barry A Farber
This study explores the effectiveness of psychodynamic psychotherapy in improving facets of object relations (OR) functioning over the course of treatment. The sample consisted of 75 outpatients engaged in short-term dynamic psychotherapy at a university-based psychological services clinic. Facets of OR functioning were assessed at pre- and posttreatment by independent raters using the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global rating method (SCORS-G; Stein, Hilsenroth, Slavin-Mulford, & Pinsker, 2011 ; Westen, 1995 ) from in-session patient relational narratives...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
Anna Thit Johnsen, Lone Ross, Mai-Britt Guldin
Depression is a well-known co-morbidity of cancer. A possible intervention for depression is psychological treatment defined as psychotherapy provided by a psychologist. In this narrative review we investigated the effect of psychological treatment on depression for patients with cancer. Six Cochrane reviews of 38 studies investigating psychological or psychosocial interventions were reviewed. One of the 38 studies could not be assessed. None of the included studies investigated psychological treatment for patients who were diagnosed with depression or included because of depression symptoms...
August 29, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Caitlin R Nolan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to evaluate the peer-reviewed empirical evidence on the use of Trauma-Sensitive Yoga (TSY) for the treatment of women with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): specifically interpersonal trauma such as intimate partner violence. To date, no such review has been conducted. METHODS: Articles meeting study inclusionary criteria were identified through electronic database searches. A total of five studies (N = 5) were selected and reviewed...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Anka A Vujanovic, Thomas D Meyer, Angela M Heads, Angela L Stotts, Yolanda R Villarreal, Joy M Schmitz
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of depression and substance use disorders (SUD) is highly prevalent and associated with poor treatment outcomes for both disorders. As compared to individuals suffering from either disorder alone, individuals with both conditions are likely to endure a more severe and chronic clinical course with worse treatment outcomes. Thus, current practice guidelines recommend treating these co-occurring disorders simultaneously. OBJECTIVES: The overarching aims of this narrative are two-fold: (1) to provide an updated review of the current empirical status of integrated psychotherapy approaches for SUD and depression comorbidity, based on models of traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and newer third-wave CBT approaches, including acceptance- and mindfulness-based interventions and behavioral activation (BA); and (2) to propose a novel theoretical framework for transdiagnostic CBT for SUD-depression, based upon empirically grounded psychological mechanisms underlying this highly prevalent comorbidity...
August 5, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Gilbert E Franco
Individuals who play videogames can interact with virtual worlds, resulting in emotional and intellectual connections that have therapeutic implications in the hands of a skilled and informed therapist. There is research available in the literature that suggests that videogames are a viable option in psychotherapy. The present article provides a review of the literature available in the use of videogames in treatment, discusses the importance of disseminating the findings in the literature, and discusses the integration of videogames in treatment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Marcelle Barrueco Costa, Tamara Melnik
Eating disorders are psychiatric conditions originated from and perpetuated by individual, family and sociocultural factors. The psychosocial approach to treatment and prevention of relapse is crucial. To present an overview of the scientific evidence on effectiveness of psychosocial interventions in treatment of eating disorders. All systematic reviews published by the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Cochrane Library on the topic were included. Afterwards, as from the least recent date of these reviews (2001), an additional search was conducted at PubMed with sensitive search strategy and with the same keywords used...
April 2016: Einstein
Marcelo Montagner Rigoli, Gustavo Ramos Silva, Fernando Rainho de Oliveira, Giovanni Kuckartz Pergher, Christian Haag Kristensen
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a highly prevalent disorder with important social consequences. Several models have been developed with the aim of understanding the mechanisms underlying its symptoms. Intrusions are idiosyncratic symptoms that commonly take the form of involuntary recollection of images or flashbacks about the traumatic event. OBJECTIVE: To review how memory is conceptualized in each of these models and the implications for clinical practice...
June 27, 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
E Karyotaki, D Tordrup, C Buntrock, R Bertollini, P Cuijpers
AIMS: The aim of this systematic review of economic evaluations alongside randomised controlled trials (RCTs) was to provide a comprehensive overview of the evidence concerning cost-effectiveness analyses of common treatment options for major depression. METHODS: An existing database was used to identify studies reporting cost-effectiveness results from RCTs. This database has been developed by a systematic literature search in the bibliographic databases of PubMed, PsychINFO, Embase and Cochrane library from database inception to December 2014...
June 22, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Anne Benvenuti
Convergent lines of research in the biological sciences have made obsolete the commonly held assumption that humans are distinct from and superior to all other animals, a development predicted by evolutionary science. Cumulative evidence has both elevated other animals from the status of "dumb brutes" to that of fully sentient and intentional beings and has simultaneously discredited elevated claims of human rationality, intentionality, and freedom from the constraints experienced by other animals. It follows then that any theoretical model in which humans occupy the top of an imagined evolutionary hierarchy is untenable...
June 13, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Jonathan Davidson, Wayne Jonas
OBJECTIVES: The benefit and potential mechanisms of action of homeopathy have long been debated. Almost entirely neglected has been the study of individualized homeopathy (IH) as a form of psychotherapy, which incorporates factors that are common to most therapies while using processes that are specific to IH. METHODS: Recent research into the therapeutic components of IH is reviewed; similarities and differences between IH and other forms of psychotherapy are also described...
August 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
A S J Mullin, M J Hilsenroth, J Gold, B A Farber
: This study explores whether object relations (OR) functioning improves over the course of psychodynamic psychotherapy, and whether this improvement is related to symptom decrease as well as therapist technique. The sample consisted of 75 outpatients engaged in short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy at a university-based psychological service clinic. OR functioning was assessed pre- and post-treatment by independent raters using the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale from in-session patient relational narratives...
May 30, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Myrna L Friedlander, Lynne Angus, Scott T Wright, Cristina Günther, Crystal L Austin, Kelsey Kangos, Larissa Barbaro, Christianne Macaulay, Naomi Carpenter, Jasmine Khattra
We analyzed master theorist/therapist Hanna Levenson's six-session work with "Ann" in American Psychological Association's Theories of Psychotherapy video series to determine if and how this client had a corrective experience in Brief Dynamic Therapy. First, we identified indicators of a corrective experience in the therapist's and client's own words. Complementing this analysis, we used observational coding to identify, moment by moment, narrative-emotion markers of shifts in Ann's "same old story"; the frequency, type, and depth of immediacy; and the client's and therapist's behavioral contributions to the working alliance...
May 27, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
Emanuel Schattner, Orya Tishby, Hadas Wiseman
: A systematic case study approach was taken to explore the impact of client and therapist relational patterns on the development of the therapeutic alliance and symptom reduction in two cases of psychodynamic psychotherapy treated by the same therapist. The cases were selected from a larger sample and represent two distinct trajectories of alliance development: improvement versus deterioration. The comparison was based on participants' ongoing narratives about each other and about significant others, using the Relationship Anecdote Paradigm (RAP) interview...
May 17, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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