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Narrative psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345581/premorbid-and-illness-related-social-difficulties-in-eating-disorders-an-overview-of-the-literature-and-treatment-developments
#1
Valentina Cardi, Kate Tchanturia, Janet Treasure
Social difficulties in eating disorders can manifest as predisposing traits and premorbid difficulties, and/or as consequences of the illness. Objective The aim of this paper is to briefly review the evidence for social problems in people with eating disorders and to consider the literature on treatments that target these features. Method A narrative review of the literature was conducted. Results People with eating disorders often manifest traits, such as shyness, increased tendency to submissiveness and social comparison, and problems with peer relationships before illness onset...
January 17, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316007/ambivalence-resolution-in-brief-psychotherapy-for-depression
#2
Cátia Braga, António P Ribeiro, Miguel M Gonçalves, João Tiago Oliveira, Alexandra Botelho, Helena Ferreira, Inês Sousa
Ambivalence in the process of psychotherapeutic change should be addressed and resolved if we are to avoid psychotherapeutic failure and promote sustained change. In this context, ambivalence can be defined as the cyclical conflictual relation between two opposed positions of the self: one expressed as an innovation, and a subsequent one expressed in a trivialization or rejection of the innovation (problematic position). This conflict may be resolved in two different ways: (a) the dominance of the innovative position and the consequent inhibition of the problematic one and (b) the negotiation between the innovative and the problematic positions...
January 7, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315558/lessons-from-literature-for-psychotherapy-practice-and-research1
#3
David E Orlinsky
Insights from the study of literature can inform and clarify concepts to guide psychotherapy practice and research. The author offers instances from narrative fiction (Durrell's Alexandria Quartet) and poetry (Hopkins, Baudelaire) to illustrate how the formulation of experience in words that are evocative (vs. ordinary), original (vs. trite), and precise (vs. approximate) are able to capture attention, move the emotions, and challenge beliefs; and how linkages among experiences, vividly and precisely expressed, create and enhance narrative meaning-revealing the inherent relativity of individual meanings and the need to consider the aggregate of relevant perspectives in every interpersonal situation...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201364/the-association-between-interpersonal-problems-and-treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#4
Elise Meyn Ung, Cecilie Birkmose Erichsen, Stig Poulsen, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau, Sebastian Simonsen, Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen
Background: Interpersonal problems are thought to play an essential role in the development and maintenance of eating disorders. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether a specific interpersonal profile could be identified in a group of patients diagnosed with Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder, or Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified, and to explore if specific types of interpersonal problems were systematically related to treatment outcome in this group of patients...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150233/management-of-first-depression-or-generalized-anxiety-disorder-episode-in-adults-in-primary-care-a-systematic-metareview
#5
Damien Driot, Michel Bismuth, Adrien Maurel, Julie Soulie-Albouy, Jordan Birebent, Stéphane Oustric, Julie Dupouy
CONTEXT: General Practitioners (GPs) are the leading antidepressants prescribers in Europe and in France. Difficulties in implementing existing recommendations in daily practice have been described. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to elaborate two algorithms to guide GPs in the patient management for a first major depressive disorder (MDD) or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) episode in primary care. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Cochrane, and ISI Web of Science were explored using mainly the following keywords: depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, antidepressive agents or antidepressant...
November 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122501/psychoneuroimmunological-approach-to-gastrointestinal-related-pain
#6
REVIEW
Karlo Toljan, Bruce Vrooman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE (AIMS): Psychoneuroimmunology is both a theoretical and practical field of medicine in which human biology and psychology are considered an interconnected unity. Through such a framework it is possible to elucidate complex syndromes in gastrointestinal related pain, particularly chronic non-malignant. The aim is to provide insight into pathophysiological mechanisms and suggest treatment modalities according to a comprehensive paradigm. The article also presents novel findings that may guide clinicians to recognize new targets or scientists to find new research topics...
November 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056609/adjunctive-avatar-therapy-for-mentalization-based-treatment-of-borderline-personality-disorder-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study
#7
Caroline J Falconer, Penny Cutting, E Bethan Davies, Chris Hollis, Paul Stallard, Paul Moran
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterised by severe instability in emotions, identity, relationships and impulsive behaviour. One contributing factor to BPD is deficient mentalizing-our ability to understand the mental states of others and ourselves. Psychotherapies can be effective at reducing symptoms of BPD but effects are small. Innovative ways of enhancing existing therapies are therefore essential. OBJECTIVE: In a mixed-methods, feasibility and acceptability study, we adjuncted conventional mentalization-based treatment (MBT) for BPD with avatar software (avatar-MBT)...
November 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990738/treatment-of-obsessive-morbid-jealousy-with-cognitive-analytic-therapy-an-adjudicated-hermeneutic-single-case-efficacy-design-evaluation
#8
Louise Curling, Stephen Kellett, Peter Totterdell, Glenys Parry, Gillian Hardy, Katherine Berry
OBJECTIVE: The evidence base for the treatment of morbid jealousy with integrative therapies is thin. This study explored the efficacy of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT). DESIGN: An adjudicated hermeneutic single-case efficacy design evaluated the cognitive analytic treatment of a patient meeting diagnostic criteria for obsessive morbid jealousy. METHOD: A rich case record was developed using a matrix of nomothetic and ideographic quantitative and qualitative outcomes...
October 9, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967766/parenthood-after-reproductive-loss-how-psychotherapy-can-help-with-postpartum-adjustment-and-parent-infant-attachment
#9
David J Diamond, Martha O Diamond
Parenting after pregnancy loss is often complicated for people who have not effectively grieved the loss and worked through the trauma. Reproductive losses can trigger shame and self-doubt, damage the sense of self-as-parent, and inflict narcissistic injuries, which, in turn, may impede the resolution of grief. If not addressed, these unresolved feelings may be projected onto subsequent children, potentially disrupting attachment relationships and the child's sense of self. The reproductive story, a lifelong internal narrative that comprises the thoughts, feelings, and hopes about how parenting and adulthood will unfold, and forms the core of parental identity, can be used as a tool in helping parents understand the depth of their feelings, integrate current and past losses into the self, and resolve grief...
October 2, 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955286/talking-cure-models-a-framework-of-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Christopher Marx, Cord Benecke, Antje Gumz
Psychotherapy is commonly described as a "talking cure," a treatment method that operates through linguistic action and interaction. The operative specifics of therapeutic language use, however, are insufficiently understood, mainly due to a multitude of disparate approaches that advance different notions of what "talking" means and what "cure" implies in the respective context. Accordingly, a clarification of the basic theoretical structure of "talking cure models," i.e., models that describe therapeutic processes with a focus on language use, is a desideratum of language-oriented psychotherapy research...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910493/using-interpersonal-process-recall-to-compare-patients-accounts-of-resistance-in-two-psychotherapies-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#11
Nicholas R Morrison, Michael J Constantino, Henny A Westra, Angela Kertes, Brien J Goodwin, Martin M Antony
In a trial examining whether cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) could be improved by integrating motivational interviewing (MI) to target resistance, MI-CBT outperformed CBT over 12-month follow-up (Westra, Constantino, & Antony, 2016). Given that effectively addressing resistance is both a theoretically and an empirically supported mechanism of MI's additive effect, we explored qualitatively patients' experience of resistance, possibly as a function of treatment. For 5 patients from each treatment who exhibited early in-session change ambivalence, and thus were at risk for later resistance, we conducted interpersonal process recall interviews after a session...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895019/narrative-self-appropriation-embodiment-alienness-and-personal-responsibility-in-the-context-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#12
Allan Køster
It is often emphasised that persons diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) show difficulties in understanding their own psychological states. In this article, I argue that from a phenomenological perspective, BPD can be understood as an existential modality in which the embodied self is profoundly saturated by an alienness regarding the person's own affects and responses. However, the balance of familiarity and alienness is not static, but can be cultivated through, e.g., psychotherapy. Following this line of thought, I present the idea that narrativising experiences can play an important role in processes of appropriating such embodied self-alienness...
September 11, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876379/clinical-outcomes-of-psychotherapy-dropouts-does-dropping-out-of-psychotherapy-necessarily-mean-failure
#13
Rodrigo T Lopes, Miguel M Gonçalves, Dana Sinai, Paulo P Machado
Objective: A large proportion of psychotherapy patients remain untreated, mostly because they drop out. This study compares the short- and long-term outcomes of patients who dropped out of psychotherapy to those of therapy completers. Methods: The sample included 63 patients (23 dropouts and 40 completers) from a controlled clinical trial, which compared narrative therapy vs. cognitive-behavioral therapy for major depressive disorder. Patients were assessed at the eighth session, post-treatment, and at 31-month follow-up...
August 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867427/prevalence-and-effectiveness-of-psychiatric-treatments-for-patients-with-ibd-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Ilaria Tarricone, Maria Giulia Regazzi, Giulia Bonucci, Fernando Rizzello, Giovanni Carini, Roberto Muratori, Gilberto Poggioli, Massimo Campieri
OBJECTIVES: Higher prevalence of psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression, has been found in people with Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis compared to the general population. Nowadays, international guidelines advocate psychotherapy and psycho-pharmacological treatments as playing an important role in IBD care. The main goal of this systematic literature review was summarize the evidence on the utilization and effectiveness of treatments for depression and anxiety in persons with IBD...
October 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841747/-psychotherapy-quo-vadis
#15
Gunther Meinlschmidt, Marion Tegethoff
Background: The science and practice of psychotherapy is continuously developing. The goal of this article is to describe new impulses, guiding current advancements in the field. Methods: This paper provides a selective narrative review, synthesizing and condensing relevant literature identified through various sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and "Web of Science", as well as citation tracking, to elaborate key developments in the field of psychotherapy Results: We describe several dynamics: 1) Following up the so-called "third wave of cognitive behavioral therapy", new interventions arise that have at their core fostering interpersonal virtues, such as compassion, forgiveness, and gratitude; 2) Based on technological quantum leaps, new interventions arise that exploit current developments in the field of new media, information, and communication technologies, as well as brain imaging, such as digital interventions for mental disorders and new forms of neurofeedback; 3) Inspired by the field of positive psychology, there is a revival of the promotion of strength and resilience in therapeutic contexts; 4) In light of the new paradigm "precision medicine", the issue of differential and adaptive indication of psychotherapy, addressed with new methods, regains relevance and drives a new field of "precision psychotherapy"...
August 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831533/-psychotherapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-older-adults
#16
REVIEW
M Böttche, C Knaevelsrud
BACKGROUND: In contrast to the high demographic relevance of the older population, relatively little is known about prevalence rates, the typologies/symptom profiles and effective therapeutic approaches for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in older adults. AIM: The aim of the present article is to provide an overview of prevalence rates, typologies of PTSD and effective treatment approaches for PTSD in the elderly. RESULTS: Compared to younger cohorts, the group of older people has a markedly lower PTSD prevalence in the vast majority of epidemiological studies...
November 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829002/supporting-wellbeing-in-motor-neurone-disease-for-patients-carers-social-networks-and-health-professionals-a-scoping-review-and-synthesis
#17
Melanie Harris, Geoff Thomas, Mary Thomas, Paul Cafarella, Allegra Stocks, Julia Greig, R Doug McEvoy
OBJECTIVE: Disease management in motor neurone disease (MND) is focused on preserving quality of life. However, the emphasis has so far been on physical symptoms and functioning and not psychosocial wellbeing. MND affects the wellbeing of carers, of family and social network members, and of healthcare providers, as well as of the patients. We therefore aimed to assess and synthesize the knowledge about maximizing MND-related psychosocial wellbeing across all these groups. METHOD: We used a systematic search and selection process to assess the scope of the literature along with a narrative synthesis of recent high-quality reviews...
August 22, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827945/narrative-the-fear-of-disfigurement-in-cancer-patients
#18
Aruna Deshpande, Ravindra Ghooi
Fear of disfigurement affects patients with cancer, in whom the disease or its treatment leaves them permanently marked. Contrary to our thought, disfigurement is equally distressing to male patients, and it causes severe dislocation in their lives. We describe two cases in which disfigurement caused tremendous change in our patients; these cases underline the need for psychotherapy in patients suffering from cancer.
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817953/the-evidence-base-for-interventions-targeting-individuals-with-work-related-ptsd-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#19
Iris Torchalla, Verena Strehlau
The purpose of this study was to summarize the evidence base for interventions targeting individuals with work-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), to make recommendations for clinicians and administrative decision makers involved in their rehabilitation, and to guide future research in this area. Particular attention was given to studies that were conducted in naturalistic clinical settings or in a workers' compensation claim context. Electronic searches of Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, PILOTS, and EMBASE identified 11 articles...
August 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774224/-i-couldn-t-change-the-past-the-answer-wasn-t-there-a-case-study-on%C3%A2-the-subjective-construction-of-psychotherapeutic-change-of-a-patient-with-a-borderline-personality-disorder-diagnosis-and-her-therapist
#20
Javiera Duarte, Martina Fischersworring, Claudio Martínez, Alemka Tomicic
BACKGROUND: Qualitative research has provided knowledge about the subjective experiences of therapists and patients regarding the psychotherapy process and its results. Only few studies have attempted to integrate both perspectives, considering the influence of a patient's characteristics and diagnosis in the construction of this experience. AIM: To identify aspects of psychotherapy that contribute to therapeutic change based on the experience of a patient and her therapist, and to construct an integrated comprehension of the change process of a patient with Borderline Personality Disorder...
August 3, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
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