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Chronic SLE

Juanita Romero-Díaz, Roberto Iván Acosta-Hernández, Sergio Criales-Vera, Erick Kimura-Hayama, Maricruz Domínguez-Quintana, Rocío Morán-Contla, Carlos Núñez-Alvarez, Pilar Lara-Reyes, Carlos Aguilar-Salinas, Jorge Sánchez-Guerrero
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the prevalence and extent of asymptomatic coronary artery atherosclerosis are increased in men with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) compared with age- and sex-matched controls, and to define the associated risk factors. METHODS: Ninety-five patients with SLE (mean ± SD age, 34.7 ± 10.1 yrs) and 100 control subjects (age 34.8 ± 9.7 yrs) with no history of coronary artery disease were screened for coronary artery calcification using multidetector computed tomography...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
Iwona Żychowska, Dorota Suszek, Magdalena Dryglewska, Maria Majdan
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by alternating periods of activity and remission. A portion of the patients suffers from the chronically active form of the disease. The search for clinically useful markers of its activity is ongoing. At present, it is suggested that β2-microglobulin (β2M) may be useful in assessing SLE activity. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the paper was to investigate the relationship between serum β2M concentration and SLE activity...
March 13, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Tomás Urrego, Blanca Ortiz-Reyes, Adriana L Vanegas-García, Carlos H Muñoz, Luis A González, Gloria Vásquez, José A Gómez-Puerta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Diagnosis of lupus nephritis (LN) is usually based on renal biopsy, which is an invasive technique that involves multiple risks. Therefore, different biomarkers have emerged as alternatives for the diagnosis of LN. Nonetheless, studies regarding urinary biomarkers in Latin American patients are limited. The objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of urinary transferrin and ceruloplasmin to differentiate patients who have renal involvement from those who do not...
March 9, 2018: Reumatología Clinica
Andrew A Gumbs, Despoina Daskalaki, Luca Milone
Although minimally invasive pancreatectomy has been performed increasingly for pancreatic malignancies, many authors feel that a history of pancreatitis is a contraindication to either laparoscopic or robotic-assisted pancreatectomy. Shown here is a video (Supplemental Digital Content 1, of a laparoscopic total pancreatectomy with splenectomy for chronic pancreatitis. This patient was denied auto-islet cell transplantation because of insurance restraints. In total, 4 laparoscopic total pancreatectomies have been attempted and completed...
March 8, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Saishree Pradhan, Sriram Krishnamurthy, Barath Jagadisan, Nachiappa G Rajesh, Subashini Kaliaperumal, Suryaprakash Ramasamy, Nandeeswari Subramanian
A 12-year-old girl born to third-degree consanguineous parents presented with recurrent episodes of haematuria for 8 months in association with peri-orbital and lower limb oedema for 20 days. There was no jaundice, hepatomegaly or neurological abnormality at presentation. An older brother had died following jaundice at 10 years of age. Urinalysis showed multiple dysmorphic erythrocytes without proteinuria and there was leucopenia, thrombocytopenia and hypo-albuminaemia (23 g/L). C3 component of complementaemia was low and anti-nuclear antibodies and anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies were strongly positive by immunofluorescence...
March 12, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Elliot M Silver, William Ochoa
BACKGROUND Chronic intake of high-dose corticosteroids is associated with multiple adverse clinical effects, including hypertension, insulin resistance, impaired wound healing, immunosuppression, myopathy, and osteoporosis. In cases of autoimmune disease, use of steroid-sparing treatment modalities is preferred over chronic steroid therapy to limit these side effects. Glucocorticoid-induced myopathy is a less common side effect of chronic steroid use in patients treated with <10 mg/day of prednisone. However, doses exceeding 40-60 mg/day can induce clinically significant myopathy and weakness...
March 11, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Lora J Kasselman, Nicholas A Vernice, Joshua DeLeon, Allison B Reiss
Cardiovascular disease associated with obesity and autoimmunity is the leading cause of death in these populations and significant residual risk remains despite current treatment approaches. Obesity, type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are linked to chronic inflammation, and subjects with these disorders have characteristic shifts in their gut microbiome composition. Recent data suggest that alterations in gut microbial and metabolic composition may be responsible, in part, for induction of chronic inflammation, thus promoting cardiovascular disease...
March 2, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Martyna Tomczyk-Socha, Hanna Sikorska-Szaflik, Marek Frankowski, Karolina Andrzejewska, Agnieszka Odziomek, Magdalena Szmyrka
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease with varied clinical manifestations, which creates difficulties and delays in establishing a diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and nature of the clinical symptoms of SLE, both at the onset of the disease and in its further course. An attempt to assess the immunological characteristics of the patients and to analyze autoantibodies variability over time was also made...
January 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Uta Hardt, Anders Larsson, Iva Gunnarsson, Robert M Clancy, Michelle Petri, Jill P Buyon, Gregg J Silverman, Elisabet Svenungsson, Caroline Grönwall
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin M (IgM) autoreactivity to malondialdehyde (MDA) protein modifications is part of the natural antibody repertoire in health and may have beneficial functions. In contrast, IgG anti-MDA are increased in chronic inflammation and autoimmunity and may instead have pathogenic properties. METHODS: Herein, we investigated serum IgG anti-MDA levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 398 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients in the Swedish Karolinska SLE cohort and compared these to findings in 225 US SLE patients from New York University and Johns Hopkins University...
February 26, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Mercè Izquierdo-Serra, Antonio F Martínez-Monseny, Laura López, Julia Carrillo-García, Albert Edo, Juan Darío Ortigoza-Escobar, Óscar García, Ramón Cancho-Candela, M Llanos Carrasco-Marina, Luis G Gutiérrez-Solana, Daniel Cuadras, Jordi Muchart, Raquel Montero, Rafael Artuch, Celia Pérez-Cerdá, Belén Pérez, Belén Pérez-Dueñas, Alfons Macaya, José M Fernández-Fernández, Mercedes Serrano
Stroke-like episodes (SLE) occur in phosphomannomutase deficiency (PMM2-CDG), and may complicate the course of channelopathies related to Familial Hemiplegic Migraine (FHM) caused by mutations in CACNA1A (encoding CaV 2.1 channel). The underlying pathomechanisms are unknown. We analyze clinical variables to detect risk factors for SLE in a series of 43 PMM2-CDG patients. We explore the hypothesis of abnormal CaV 2.1 function due to aberrant N -glycosylation as a potential novel pathomechanism of SLE and ataxia in PMM2-CDG by using whole-cell patch-clamp, N -glycosylation blockade and mutagenesis...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Reem Abdwani, Laila Al Shaqsi, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani
Objectives: Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects women primarily of childbearing age. The objective of this study was to determine the neonatal and maternal outcomes of pregnancies in SLE patients compared to pregnancies in healthy controls. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in a tertiary care hospital in Oman between January 2007 and December 2013. We analyzed 147 pregnancies and compared 56 (38.0%) pregnancies in women with SLE with 91 (61...
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
Eve M D Smith, Peng Yin, Andrea L Jorgensen, Michael W Beresford
BACKGROUND: Proteinuria is a well-known risk factor for progression of renal dysfunction in a variety of chronic kidney diseases. In adult-onset Systemic Lupus Erytematosus (SLE) patients with lupus nephritis (LN), proteinuria takes a significant period of time to normalise, with proteinuric remission being associated with improved renal survival and reductions in mortality. The length of time required to attain proteinuric remission has not previously been investigated in Juvenile-onset SLE (JSLE)...
February 21, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Corrado Campochiaro, Lauren V Host, Voon H Ong, Christopher P Denton
OBJECTIVES: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic, autoimmune connective tissue disease with a female predominance. The reason for the female predilection in SSc may relate to the difference in hormones between the genders. There are no current data on the influence male-to-female sex transition may have in the development of SSc. We report three patients who developed SSc after initiating the transgender process, and review current literature in regards to transgender patients with connective tissue disease (CTD)...
February 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
R Furie, L Wang, G Illei, J Drappa
A post-hoc analysis of pooled data from two Phase IIb trials (sifalimumab; NCT01283139, anifrolumab; NCT01438489) assessed the clinical significance of a Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Responder Index (SRI(4)) response (Week 52) for 736 patients with moderate to severe SLE disease activity (study entry). SRI(4) responders achieved significantly greater improvements in clinical outcome measures (including percentages of patients with a ≥ 7-point reduction in SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI)-2000 (2K), British Isles Lupus Assessment Group "A" or "2B" flare rate, and oral corticosteroid reduction to ≤7...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
Gustavo Guimarães Moreira Balbi, Francinne Machado-Ribeiro, Cláudia D L Marques, Flávio Signorelli, Roger Abramino Levy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Tuberculosis (TB) is a millenarian chronic infection and, yet, remains a major global health problem. The interaction between systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and TB is complex, as one seems to be a risk factor for the development of the other. SLE patients are more likely to develop TB, that is more frequently extrapulmonary, with more extensive pulmonary involvement, and with a higher relapse rate. RECENT FINDINGS: Different studies suggest that TB is more prevalent in SLE patients and that TB may actually be a risk factor for the development of the disease...
February 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Juliana Imgenberg-Kreuz, Jonas Carlsson Almlöf, Dag Leonard, Andrei Alexsson, Gunnel Nordmark, Maija-Leena Eloranta, Solbritt Rantapää-Dahlqvist, Anders A Bengtsson, Andreas Jönsen, Leonid Padyukov, Iva Gunnarsson, Elisabet Svenungsson, Christopher Sjöwall, Lars Rönnblom, Ann-Christine Syvänen, Johanna K Sandling
OBJECTIVES: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune condition with heterogeneous presentation and complex aetiology where DNA methylation changes are emerging as a contributing factor. In order to discover novel epigenetic associations and investigate their relationship to genetic risk for SLE, we analysed DNA methylation profiles in a large collection of patients with SLE and healthy individuals. METHODS: DNA extracted from blood from 548 patients with SLE and 587 healthy controls were analysed on the Illumina HumanMethylation 450 k BeadChip, which targets 485 000 CpG sites across the genome...
February 1, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Eui Hyun Oh, Eun Jin Kim, Young Suck Ro, Joo Yeon Ko
An understanding of the differences in clinical manifestations and laboratory abnormalities between subtypes of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) is still lacking. The purpose of this study was to analyze demographic, clinical and histological features of CLE according to three main presentation subsets: acute (ACLE), subacute (SCLE) and chronic (CCLE). A 10-year retrospective analysis was performed on data from patients who were diagnosed with CLE between March 2005 and September 2015 in a Korean tertiary referral dermatology clinic...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
Shudan Wang, Ming Wu, Luis Chiriboga, Briana Zeck, H Michael Belmont
OBJECTIVE: To study membrane attack complex in lupus nephritis as a potential biomarker for disease intensity and prognostic indicator for response to treatment. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was performed using unconjugated, murine anti-human complement C9 on kidney biopsies from 30 SLE patients who fulfilled 4 ACR or SLICC criteria. Clinical parameters were assessed at time of biopsy, 6 and 12 months. RESULTS: 30 renal biopsies were obtained from patients with Class II (2), III (5), IV (8), V (5), III+V (8) and IV+V (2)...
January 6, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Erin B Taylor, Michelle T Barati, David W Powell, Hannah R Turbeville, Michael J Ryan
Numerous studies show a direct relation between circulating autoantibodies, characteristic of systemic autoimmune disorders, and primary hypertension in humans. Whether these autoantibodies mechanistically contribute to the development of hypertension remains unclear. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disorder characterized by aberrant immunoglobulin production, notably pathogenic autoantibodies, and is associated with prevalent hypertension, renal injury, and cardiovascular disease...
January 29, 2018: Hypertension
Raffaele Filotico, Valentina Mastrandrea
Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) is a chronic-relapsing disease. It is defined as a LE localized to the skin without any significant systemic symptoms. Its annual incidence is of 4 cases per 100,000 persons with a prevalence of 73 cases per 100,000 persons. The etiology is unknown but it is considered as a prototype of autoimmune disease in which genetic factors (HLA), environmental factors (photo exposure and cigarette smoking) and pharmacological agents play an important role. The most accepted classification includes three clinical variants: acute (ACLE), subacute (SCLE) and chronic (CCLE)...
January 24, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
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