keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

1112

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911352/medical-equipment-antiseptic-processes-using-the-atmospheric-plasma-sprayed-copper-coatings
#1
M Goudarzi, Sh Saviz, M Ghoranneviss, A Salar Elahi
Antibacterial surfaces such as copper coatings are able to reduce the growth of bacteria. In this study, copper coatings was deposited on the 316 stainless steel substrates by a handmade device operating as an atmospheric plasma spraying system. The chemical composition microstructure and morphology surface of the coatings are examined by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) and back scattering electron microscope (BSE). Micro hardness as one of the key properties of the coating is characterized based on cross-section...
November 30, 2016: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858326/left-ventricular-assist-devices-impact-hospital-resource-utilization-without-affecting-patient-mortality-in-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#2
Feng Li, Alice Hinton, Alan Chen, Nishaki K Mehta, Samer Eldika, Cheng Zhang, Hisham Hussan, Darwin L Conwell, Somashekar G Krishna
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are being utilized for management of end-stage heart failure and require systemic anticoagulation. Gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) is one of the most common adverse events following LVAD implantation. AIM: To investigate the impact of continuous-flow (CF) LVAD implants on outcomes of patients admitted with GIB. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study utilizing the Nationwide Inpatient Sample in the CF-LVAD era from 2010 to 2012...
November 17, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850749/1112-apache-ii-score-and-at-iii-activity-on-admission-relates-to-mortality-in-icu-patients
#3
Noriko Saito, Ayumi Kawasaki, Ahmin Kim, Rui Komatsu, Noboru Akiduki, Mizuho Namiki, Munekazu Takeda, Arino Yaguchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847279/sofosbuvir-and-velpatasvir-combination-improves-outcomes-reported-by-patients-with-hcv-infection-without-or-with-compensated-or-decompensated-cirrhosis
#4
Zobair M Younossi, Maria Stepanova, Jordon Feld, Stefan Zeuzem, Mark Sulkowski, Graham R Foster, Alessandra Mangia, Michael Charlton, Jacqueline G O'Leary, Michael P Curry, Fatema Nader, Linda Henry, Sharon Hunt
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The combination of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir is used to treat patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection of different genotypes. We compared the effects of this treatment regimen, with and without ribavirin, on outcomes reported by patients (patient-reported outcomes, or PROs) with HCV infection, with or without cirrhosis. METHODS: We performed a post-hoc analysis of data collected from phase 3 clinical trials (ASTRAL-1, -2, -3, and -4) of 1701 patients infected with HCV of different genotypes treated with sofosbuvir and velpatasvir with ribavirin for 12 weeks (n=87), sofosbuvir with ribavirin for 12 or 24 weeks (n=401), and ribavirin-free sofosbuvir and velpatasvir for 12 or 24 weeks (n=1213)...
November 12, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836829/one-year-outcome-after-descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty-dmek-comparing-sulfur-hexafluoride-sf6-20-versus-100-air-for-anterior-chamber-tamponade
#5
Friederike Schaub, Philip Enders, Katharina Snijders, Silvia Schrittenlocher, Sebastian Siebelmann, Ludwig M Heindl, Björn O Bachmann, Claus Cursiefen
PURPOSE: To investigate 1-year clinical outcome and complication rates following Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) with sulfur hexafluoride 20% (SF620%) anterior chamber tamponade compared with conventionally used 100% air for primary graft attachment during DMEK surgery. METHODS: Records of 1112 consecutive DMEKs were reviewed retrospectively and grouped by anterior chamber tamponade used during DMEK surgery (SF620% vs 100% air). Outcome measures included intraocular pressure (IOP), best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), endothelial cell density (ECD) and central corneal thickness (CCT) at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after DMEK surgery...
November 11, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813248/application-of-a-low-polyphenol-or-low-ellagitannin-dietary-intervention-and-its-impact-on-ellagitannin-metabolism-in-men
#6
Kristen M Roberts, Elizabeth M Grainger, Jennifer M Thomas-Ahner, Alice Hinton, Junnan Gu, Ken Riedl, Yael Vodovotz, Ronney Abaza, Steven J Schwartz, Steven K Clinton
SCOPE: Plant polyphenols are widespread in the American diet, yet estimated intake is uncertain. We examine the application of the Polyphenol Explorer® (PED) to quantify polyphenol and ellagitannin (ET) intake of men with prostate cancer and tested the implementation of diets restricted in polyphenols or ETs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-four men enrolled in a 4-week trial were randomized to usual, low-polyphenol or low-ET diet. Estimated polyphenol and ET intakes were calculated from 3-day diet records utilizing the PED...
November 4, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777864/macrobrachium-rosenbergii-nodavirus-infection-in-a-giant-freshwater-prawn-hatchery-in-indonesia
#7
Murwantoko Murwantoko, Arif Bimantara, Roosmanto Roosmanto, Masashi Kawaichi
A pathogen of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, was recently recorded in a hatchery in Yogyakarta. The clinical symptom in post-larvae (PL) was a whitish appearance of the muscles in the tail. Histological examination revealed myonecrosis with massive infiltration of myonuclei and hemocytes. RT-PCR products of 850 bp were obtained when using RNA from diseased PL as a template. The clinical signs and RT-PCR amplicon were reproduced in M. rosenbergii inoculated with bacteria-free inocula. Electron microscopy demonstrated that the M...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761856/global-estimates-of-carbon-monoxide-emissions-from-1960-to-2013
#8
Qirui Zhong, Ye Huang, Huizhong Shen, Yilin Chen, Han Chen, Tianbo Huang, Eddy Y Zeng, Shu Tao
The quantification of carbon monoxide (CO) emissions is necessary for atmospheric research and has been studied extensively. Aiming to build an inventory with both high spatial resolution and detailed source information, this study estimated the monthly nation-level CO emissions from 79 major sources from 1960 to 2013, based on which a 0.1° × 0.1° gridded emission map was developed for 2011 using a recent energy product. The high sectorial resolution of this inventory can help scientists to study the influence of socioeconomic development on emissions, help decision makers to formulate abatement strategies, and potentially benefit emission-reduction scenario modeling and cost-benefit analysis...
October 19, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720707/perspectives-on-learning-to-cook-and-public-support-for-cooking-education-policies-in-the-united-states-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Julia A Wolfson, Shannon Frattaroli, Sara N Bleich, Katherine Clegg Smith, Stephen P Teret
Declines in cooking skills in the United States may contribute to poor diet quality and high obesity rates. Little is known about how Americans learn to cook or their support for cooking education policies. The objective of this study was to examine how Americans learn to cook, attributions of responsibility for teaching children how to cook, and public support for policies to teach cooking skills. We used a concurrent, triangulation mixed-methods design that combined qualitative focus group data (from 7 focus groups in Baltimore, MD (N = 53)) with quantitative survey data from a nationally representative, web-based survey (N = 1112)...
October 5, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716089/absence-of-convincing-evidence-of-coxiella-burnetii-infection-in-chile-a-cross-sectional-serosurvey-among-healthy-adults-in-four-different-regions
#10
Thomas Weitzel, Javier López, Gerardo Acosta-Jamett, Sophie Edouard, Philippe Parola, Katia Abarca
BACKGROUND: Coxiella burnetii is an important zoonotic pathogen of global distribution. Still, in most parts of South America including Chile, systematic epidemiological data are lacking. The presented study aims to determine the seroprevalence of Coxiella burnetii antibodies in healthy adults of four different regions in Chile. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed, which included healthy adults living in rural and urban areas of four cities located in different regions in northern, central, and southern Chile...
October 6, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711045/non-invasive-inhaled-nitric-oxide-in-the-treatment-of-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure-in-term-and-preterm-infants
#11
R Sahni, X Ameer, K Ohira-Kist, J-T Wung
OBJECTIVES: Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is effective in conjunction with tracheal intubation (TI) and mechanical ventilation (MV) for treating arterial pulmonary hypertension and hypoxemic respiratory failure (HRF) in near-term and term newborns. Non-invasive respiratory support with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is increasingly used to avoid morbidity associated with TI and MV, yet the effectiveness of iNO delivery via nasal CPAP remains unknown. To evaluate the effectiveness of iNO delivered via the bubble nasal CPAP system in term and preterm newborns with HRF...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710985/fasting-plasma-glucose-levels-and-coronary-artery-calcification-in-subjects-with-impaired-fasting-glucose
#12
Young-Mi Eun, Sung-Goo Kang, Sang-Wook Song
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). While the association of impaired glucose tolerance with CVD has been shown in many studies, the relationship between impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and CVD remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores of participants with normal fasting glucose versus those with IFG, according to fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels, and to assess whether differences in CAC scores were independent of important confounders...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687027/lupus-nephritis-is-associated-with-more-corticosteroid-associated-organ-damage-but-less-corticosteroid-non-associated-organ-damage
#13
Y B Joo, S Won, C-B Choi, S-C Bae
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the association of lupus nephritis on organ damage and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: A total of 1112 patients with SLE were investigated. Lupus nephritis was defined as a proteinuria based on the 1997 American College of Rheumatology criteria. Damage was assessed using the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index...
September 29, 2016: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682647/ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-20%C3%A2-years-later-is-it-still-a-good-surgical-option-for-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#14
Gentilini Lorenzo, Coscia Maurizio, Lombardi Pietro Maria, Marta Tanzanu, Laureti Silvio, Podda Mariangela, Poggioli Gilberto
PURPOSE: Short-term results after ileo-pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) are well established; data are conflicting in long-standing patients. We retrospectively evaluated long-term complications and functional results after follow-up longer than 20 years. METHODS: Two hundred five patients with follow-up longer than 20 years have been identified out of 1112 IPAA performed in our institution; of these, 20 cases were lost at follow-up or decline to take part at the study...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662202/blinatumomab-vs-historical-standard-therapy-of-adult-relapsed-refractory-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#15
N Gökbuget, M Kelsh, V Chia, A Advani, R Bassan, H Dombret, M Doubek, A K Fielding, S Giebel, V Haddad, D Hoelzer, C Holland, N Ifrah, A Katz, T Maniar, G Martinelli, M Morgades, S O'Brien, J-M Ribera, J M Rowe, A Stein, M Topp, M Wadleigh, H Kantarjian
We compared outcomes from a single-arm study of blinatumomab in adult patients with B-precursor Ph-negative relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R ALL) with a historical data set from Europe and the United States. Estimates of complete remission (CR) and overall survival (OS) were weighted by the frequency distribution of prognostic factors in the blinatumomab trial. Outcomes were also compared between the trial and historical data using propensity score methods. The historical cohort included 694 patients with CR data and 1112 patients with OS data compared with 189 patients with CR and survival data in the blinatumomab trial...
September 23, 2016: Blood Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637340/predicting-the-effect-of-maternal-docosahexaenoic-acid-dha-supplementation-to-reduce-early-preterm-birth-in-australia-and-the-united-states-using-results-of-within-country-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
L N Yelland, B J Gajewski, J Colombo, R A Gibson, M Makrides, S E Carlson
The DHA to Optimize Mother Infant Outcome (DOMInO) and Kansas DHA Outcomes Study (KUDOS) were randomized controlled trials that supplemented mothers with 800 and 600mg DHA/day, respectively, or a placebo during pregnancy. DOMInO was conducted in Australia and KUDOS in the United States. Both trials found an unanticipated and statistically significant reduction in early preterm birth (ePTB; i.e., birth before 34 weeks gestation). However, in each trial, the number of ePTBs were small. We used a novel Bayesian approach to estimate statistically derived low, moderate or high risk for ePTB, and to test for differences between the DHA and placebo groups...
September 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605897/specific-immunotherapy-with-mugwort-pollen-allergoid-reduce-bradykinin-release-into-the-nasal-fluid
#17
Radoslaw Gawlik, Alicja Grzanka, Barbara Jawor, Eugeniusz Czecior
INTRODUCTION: A pathomechanism of allergic rhinitis is complex. A neurogenic mechanism seems to play a significant role in this phenomenon. AIM: The evaluation of influence of specific immunotherapy of mugwort pollen allergic patients on the bradykinin concentration in the nasal lavage fluid. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 22 seasonal allergic rhinitis patients. Thirty persons with monovalent allergy to mugwort pollen, confirmed with skin prick tests and allergen-specific immunoglobulin E, underwent a 3-year-long allergen immunotherapy with the mugwort extract (Allergovit, Allergopharma, Germany)...
August 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594093/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-longevity-of-anterior-and-posterior-all-ceramic-crowns
#18
Vatche Kassardjian, Sachin Varma, Manoharan Andiappan, Nico H J Creugers, David Bartlett
BACKGROUND: Clinical experience suggests that there is a difference in survival between anterior and posterior all ceramic restorations. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review compared the difference in survival for full coverage all-ceramic materials used in adults to restore anterior or posterior vital teeth, not involved with fixed dental prostheses, but opposed by teeth. DATA AND SOURCES: Searches using Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, including hand searches, with the inclusion criteria containing all-ceramic full coverage crowns in human adults over 17 years of age, prospective and retrospective studies, opposed by teeth, periodontal pocketing ≤5mm, but not involving implant supported crowns or non-vital teeth...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586209/critically-ill-obstetric-patients-requiring-mechanical-ventilation-in-rural-western-india-a-retrospective-analysis
#19
Smruti B Vaishnav, Bhalendu Vaishnav, Kailas N Desai, Nitin S Raithatha, Neeta S Bose
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of studies on the clinical profile and therapeutic aspects of critically ill obstetric patients from rural areas, especially those requiring tertiary care support and ventilator therapy. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the aetiological, clinical, interventional and outcome-related factors of obstetric patients requiring mechanical ventilation in western India. We analysed factors that influence seeking of antenatal care, pregnancy and its complications, severity assessment score, indications and initiation of mechanical ventilation, multiorgan failure and their correlation with maternal mortality...
March 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584268/changes-in-aerobic-and-anaerobic-capacity-following-either-7-days-of-overnight-ihe-or-7-days-of-iht-1112-board-1-june-1-3-15-pm-5-15-pm
#20
Marie Oriishi, Masahiro Hagiwara, Ryo Yamanaka, Toshiyuki Ohya, Kazunori Asaba, Takashi Kawahara, Yasuhiro Suzuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
keyword
keyword
63232
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"