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Jean-Martin Beaulieu
Read the highlighted article 'Chronic lithium treatment rectifies maladaptive dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens' on doi/10.1111/jnc.13769.
October 18, 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Sanna Nybacka, Heléne Bertéus Forslund, Elisabet Wirfält, Ingrid Larsson, Ulrika Ericson, Eva Warensjö Lemming, Göran Bergström, Bo Hedblad, Anna Winkvist, Anna Karin Lindroos
Two web-based dietary assessment tools have been developed for use in large-scale studies: the Riksmaten method (4-d food record) and MiniMeal-Q (food-frequency method). The aim of the present study was to examine the ability of these methods to capture energy intake against objectively measured total energy expenditure (TEE) with the doubly labelled water technique (TEEDLW), and to compare reported energy and macronutrient intake. This study was conducted within the pilot study of the Swedish CArdioPulmonary bioImage Study (SCAPIS), which included 1111 randomly selected men and women aged 50-64 years from the Gothenburg general population...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science
William Peacock
Dear Editor I read with great interest the manuscript titled "A New Panel of Blood Biomarkers for the Diagnosis of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury/Concussion in Adults" by Shan R, et al, published in the January issue of the Journal. (1) I do have some questions. The key to marker discovery studies is a precise and accurate description of how the population was identified, including controls. I have significant concerns about the control population in the manuscript. In the presentation the characteristics of the control group are unclear, described only as "not patients in the ED" and with the same exclusion criteria of the other cohorts...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
Paul Cumming, Jürgen Gallinat
This Editorial highlights a study by Bagga and coworkers (2016) in the current issue of the Journal of Neurochemistry entitled "Mapping the alteration in brain glutamate with glutamate chemical exchange saturation transfer (GluCEST) magnetic resonance imaging in mice with MPTP-induced parkinsonism, a model of dopamine deficiency." Using their spectroscopic procedure, Bagga et al. discern unexpected relative increases in the cortical glutamate content of parkinsonian mice. Their results suggest the occurrence of a simple relationship between striatal astrogliosis and tissue glutamate content, presumably in relation to enhanced glutamate/glutamine cycling...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
S Morteza Seyed Jafari, Pitschna Jäckle, Aude Michel, Sarina Angermeier, Robert Hunger, Maziar Shafighi
BACKGROUND: Although sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is the most sensitive and accurate investigative modality for establishing regional node status in patients with melanoma, its role and benefit in melanoma of different Breslow's thickness is still controversial. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed mainly to evaluate the effects of SLNB results on important outcome parameters in primary melanomas with different Breslow's thicknesses. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort (1990 to 2014), all cases of single, primary localised cutaneous melanoma tumours were evaluated...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
R J Summers
This themed issue of the British Journal of Pharmacology stems from the eighth in the series of meetings on the Molecular Pharmacology of G protein coupled receptors (MPGPCR) held as part of a joint meeting with the Australasian Society of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacologists and Toxicologists (ASCEPT) in Melbourne Australia from 7 to 11 December 2014. Linked Articles This article is part of a themed section on Molecular Pharmacology of G Protein-Coupled Receptors. To view the other articles in this section visit http://onlinelibrary...
October 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Inga Zerr, Mathias Bähr
Alterations of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) composition are useful clinical diagnostic tools as well as a source of candidates for new biomarkers of neurodegenerative disorders. This Editorial highlights a study by Rodrigues and colleagues in which the authors try to establish Tau as a new biomarker for Huntington´s disease (HD). The study confirmed in two independent, age-controlled patient populations at various disease stages, asymptomatic mutation carriers and healthy controls, that CSF total Tau concentrations in HD gene mutation carriers are increased compared with healthy controls...
October 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Q F Liang, C Gao, H Liang, X H Du, N L Wang, Antoine Labbe
Objective: To observe the morphology, fibrosis grade and inflammatory infiltration of meibomian glands using in vivo confocal microscopy(IVCM)in meibomian gland dysfunction(MGD)patients. Methods: A prospective case-controlled study. According to the diagnostic criteria of MGD, 20 MGD patients(20 eyes)were included in our study from August to October 2015. Fifteen normal subjects(15 eyes)were also studied. Methods All subjects completed the questionnaire of the Ocular Surface Disease Index(OSDI), lid margin and ocular surface examination by slit lamp microscropy, tear film break-up time(TBUT)test, corneal and conjunctival staining(Oxford scale), Schirmer I test, infrared meibomian photography and IVCM...
September 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Jörg B Schulz, Laura Hausmann
One of the major endeavors of the International Society for Neurochemistry (ISN) is the promotion and support of young researchers, for instance at 'schools' that offer young students an opportunity to closely interact with renowned researchers as well as with each other. As a result of the 13th International Society for Neurochemistry Advanced School on 'Synapses' held in Mission Beach, Australia, prior to the Biennial Meeting of the International Society for Neurochemistry in August 2016 in Cairns, we are pleased to publish this comprehensive Review article, written from students for students...
September 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Alan B Fleischer, Isabelle Raymond
Econazole nitrate topical foam, 1%, is indicated for the treatment of interdigital tinea pedis caused by <em>Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes,</em> and <em>Epidermophyton floccosum</em> in patients 12 years of age and older. The symptom of itch or pruritus was evaluated in two randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, vehicle-controlled, multicenter Phase III studies in which econazole foam was compared with foam vehicle in subjects with interdigital tinea pedis. A thin, uniform layer of study treatment was applied once daily to all clinically affected interdigital regions of both feet for four weeks...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Zhong-Zhen Zhou, Bing-Chen Ge, Qiu-Ping Zhong, Chang Huang, Yu-Fang Cheng, Xue-Mei Yang, Hai-Tao Wang, Jiang-Ping Xu
In this study, catecholamides (7a-l) bearing different aromatic rings (such as pyridine-2-yl, pyridine-3-yl, phenyl, and 2-chlorophenyl groups) were synthesized as potent phosphodiesterase (PDE) 4 inhibitors. The inhibitory activities of these compounds were evaluated against the core catalytic domains of human PDE4 (PDE4CAT), full-length PDE4A4, PDE4B1, PDE4C1, and PDE4D7 enzymes, and other PDE family members. Eight of the synthesized compounds were identified as having submicromolar IC50 values in the mid-to low-nanomolar range...
August 24, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Roy Salgado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Pawel Andruszkiewicz, Jacek Wojtczak, Dorota Sobczyk, Orest Stach, Ilona Kowalik
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of 9 airway sonographic parameters imaged from the submandibular view as predictors of difficult laryngoscopy. Additionally, we aimed to evaluate the validity of the models of combined sonographic and clinical tests in predicting difficult laryngoscopy. METHODS: This study analyzed a sample of 199 patients who were categorized as having easy (grades 1 and 2) or difficult (grades 3 and 4) laryngoscopy during general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation based on the laryngoscopic criteria of Cormack and Lahane (Anaesthesia 1984; 39:1105-1111)...
October 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Yue Sun, Tatsuhiro Yamada, Sunseng Pyon, Tsuyoshi Tamegai
Superconductivity (SC) with the suppression of long-range antiferromagnetic (AFM) order is observed in the parent compounds of both iron-based and cuprate superconductors. The AFM wave vectors are bicollinear (π, 0) in the parent compound FeTe different from the collinear AFM order (π, π) in most iron pnictides. Study of the phase diagram of Fe1+yTe1-xSex is the most direct way to investigate the competition between bicollinear AFM and SC. However, presence of interstitial Fe affects both magnetism and SC of Fe1+yTe1-xSex, which hinders the establishment of the real phase diagram...
2016: Scientific Reports
Diana Farcas, Marta Gonçalves
Self-initiated expatriates (SIEs) were initially described by Inkson et al. (J World Bus 32:351-368, 1997) as individuals who move abroad on their own volition, with personal funding, oriented towards development and career goals. After almost two decades of research, it is imperative to review the knowledge that has been developed and identify future areas of intervention. Doherty (Int J Manag Rev 15:447-469, 2013. doi:10.1111/ijmr.12005) initiated the review and this paper aims to update it and explore some unapproached aspects...
2016: SpringerPlus
Yongsheng Bai, Jeff Kinne, Brandon Donham, Feng Jiang, Lizhong Ding, Justin R Hassler, Randal J Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Most existing tools for detecting next-generation sequencing-based splicing events focus on generic splicing events. Consequently, special types of non-canonical splicing events of short mRNA regions (IRE1α targeted) have not yet been thoroughly addressed at a genome-wide level using bioinformatics approaches in conjunction with next-generation technologies. During endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, the gene encoding the RNase Ire1α is known to splice out a short 26 nt region from the mRNA of the transcription factor Xbp1 non-canonically within the cytosol...
2016: BMC Genomics
Lígia Brancalion Catapani, Adriana da Costa Gonçalves, Nathalia Morano Candeloro, Lídia Aparecida Rossi, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro
BACKGROUND: Skin function is dependent on its biomechanical characteristics, resistance, malleability, and elasticity. Therapeutic ultrasound may increase cutaneous malleability thus and optimize the rehabilitation process on specific diseases. The aim of this study is to evaluate possible alterations of biomechanical characteristics of the normal skin after therapeutic ultrasound application. METHODS: Thirty-one volunteers took part of the study, and the average age was 31...
2016: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound
Shuso Takeda, Taichi Himeno, Kazuhiro Kakizoe, Hiroyuki Okazaki, Tomoko Okada, Kazuhito Watanabe, Hironori Aramaki
The physiological activities of cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), a component of fiber-type cannabis plants, have been demonstrated and include its function as a protector against external invasion by inducing cannabinoid-mediated necrosis (Shoyama et al., Plant Signal Behav 3:1111-1112, 2008). The biological activities of CBDA have been attracting increasing attention. We previously identified CBDA as an inhibitor of the migration of MDA-MB-231 cells, a widely used human breast cancer cell line in cancer biology, due to its highly aggressive nature...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1111/rcr2.151.].
July 2016: Respirology Case Reports
(no author information available yet)
Cover legend: Macrophages phagocytosing RFP-labeled E.coli. GFP-APPL2 labels the phagosomal membrane. Image produced by N. Condon. See Yeo et al. Traffic 2016; 17(9):1014-1026. Read the full article on doi:10.1111/tra.12415.
September 2016: Traffic
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