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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691993/epidemiology-and-molecular-characterization-of-chicken-anaemia-virus-from-commercial-and-native-chickens-in-taiwan
#1
S-C Ou, H-L Lin, P-C Liu, H-J Huang, M-S Lee, Y-Y Lien, Y-L Tsai
Chicken infectious anaemia (CIA) is a disease with a highly economic impact in the poultry industry. The infected chickens are characterized by aplastic anaemia and extreme immunosuppression, followed by the increased susceptibility to secondary infectious pathogens and suboptimal immune responses for vaccination. Commercially available CIA vaccines are routinely used in the breeders in Taiwan to protect their progeny with maternal-derived antibodies. However, CIA cases still occur in the field and little is known about the genetic characteristics of Taiwanese chicken anaemia viruses (CAVs)...
April 25, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691854/necropsy-findings-of-koalas-from-the-mount-lofty-ranges-population-in-south-australia
#2
K N Speight, P Hicks, C Graham, W Boardman, W G Breed, E Manthorpe, O Funnell, L Woolford
OBJECTIVE: This study reports necropsy findings of koalas from the Mount Lofty Ranges region in order to identify health threats to this mainland South Australian population. METHODS: Koalas from the Mount Lofty Ranges region (n = 85) that had died or been euthanased on welfare grounds were examined at necropsy during 2012-13 at the School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, University of Adelaide. Disease findings, approximate age, sex and body condition of koalas were recorded...
May 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691850/tissue-distribution-shedding-and-environmental-detection-of-infectious-bursal-disease-virus-genome-following-infection-of-meat-chickens-at-two-ages
#3
Jmkgk Jayasundara, S W Walkden-Brown, Afmf Islam, M E Katz, K G Renz
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infection of commercial meat chickens at 0 and 16 days old (d.o.) and determine if IBDV vRNA is quantifiable in litter and dust samples. METHODS: Ross meat chickens (n = 60) were orally infected or not with IBDV at 0 or 16 d.o. Blood and faecal samples were collected longitudinally to 28 days post infection (dpi) from six chickens and tissues collected weekly from three euthanased chickens...
May 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691681/the-impact-of-the-ryan-white-hiv-aids-medical-case-management-program-on-hiv-clinical-outcomes-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Julia D López, Enbal Shacham, Tawnya Brown
Medical case management (MCM) is a core medical service in The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program and aims to provide treatment and care for people living with HIV/AIDS by engaging, identifying and eliminating barriers to HIV care. Little research has examined the impact of this intervention; therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the how MCM affects HIV clinical outcomes. The study took place at a midwestern, outpatient infectious diseases clinic. This study utilized a longitudinal, retrospective study design to analyze to the impact of MCM engagement on HIV clinical outcomes (viral loads, CD4 counts) from 2009 to 2015 as a time-varying predictor...
April 24, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691680/land-use-change-alters-host-and-vector-communities-and-may-elevate-disease-risk
#5
Fengyi Guo, Timothy C Bonebrake, Luke Gibson
Land-use change has transformed most of the planet. Concurrently, recent outbreaks of various emerging infectious diseases have raised great attention to the health consequences of anthropogenic environmental degradation. Here, we assessed the global impacts of habitat conversion and other land-use changes on community structures of infectious disease hosts and vectors, using a meta-analysis of 37 studies. From 331 pairwise comparisons of disease hosts/vectors in pristine (undisturbed) and disturbed areas, we found a decrease in species diversity but an increase in body size associated with land-use changes, potentially suggesting higher risk of infectious disease transmission in disturbed habitats...
April 24, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691631/lovastatin-synergizes-with-itraconazole-against-planktonic-cells-and-biofilms-of-candida-albicans-through-the-regulation-on-ergosterol-biosynthesis-pathway
#6
Yujie Zhou, Hong Yang, Xuedong Zhou, Hongke Luo, Fan Tang, Jin Yang, Gil Alterovitz, Lei Cheng, Biao Ren
The increase of fungal infectious diseases and lack of safe and efficacious antifungal drugs result in the urgent need of new therapeutic strategies. Here, we repurposed the lovastatin (LOV) as a synergistic antifungal potentiator to itraconazole (ITZ) against Candida albicans planktonic cells and biofilms in vitro for the first time. Mutants from ergosterol biosynthesis pathway were employed and key gene expression profiles of ergosterol pathway were also measured. LOV single treatment was unable to inhibit C...
April 25, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691626/the-disparities-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-outcomes-by-insurance-status-a-retrospective-cohort-study-2007-2014
#7
Timothy M Connolly, Robert S White, Dahniel L Sastow, Licia K Gaber-Baylis, Zachary A Turnbull, Lisa Q Rong
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery is the gold standard treatment for complex coronary artery disease. Social determinants of health, including primary payer status, are disproportionately associated with adverse outcomes following surgical operations. We sought to examine associations between insurance status, in particular having Medicaid public insurance, and postoperative outcomes following isolated CABG surgeries. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed using Florida, California, New York, Maryland, and Kentucky State Inpatient Databases (2007-2014) for isolated CABG patients ≥ 18 years...
April 24, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691102/how-baby-s-first-shot-determines-the-development-of-maternal-attitudes-towards-vaccination
#8
Cornelia Betsch, Birte Bödeker, Philipp Schmid, Ole Wichmann
BACKGROUND: The attitude towards vaccination is a major determinant of vaccination behavior; this also includes parents' attitudes towards the immunization of their child. Negative attitudes have been associated with vaccine hesitancy and outbreaks of infectious diseases throughout the globe. This study aimed to assess how and why attitudes become more pro-vaccine or vaccine-skeptical over time, and which sources are especially influential in this process. METHODS: Prospective cohort study with measurements at time of recruitment during pregnancy and at +3, +6 and +14 months after childbirth with cross-sectional control groups...
April 21, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691081/re-predictors-of-infectious-complications-after-targeted-prophylaxis-for-prostate-needle-biopsy
#9
Saiful Miah, Mathias Winkler, Hashim U Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690996/economic-cost-analysis-related-to-complications-in-general-and-digestive-surgery
#10
Juan-Carlos Gomez-Rosado, Jose Salas-Turrens, Antonio Olry-de-Labry-Lima
INTRODUCTION: The aim was to assess the impact on economic costs and length of stay (LOS) of postoperative complications. METHODS: 5,822 records from BMDS (2014-2015) are included. A descriptive, univariate and multivariate study evaluated the correlation between complications, Clavien-Dindo grade and vacation periods with LOS and economic costs, based on a full-cost model, aggregated by DRG. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Mean cost per stay was €676...
April 21, 2018: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690984/-disease-burden-and-definition-of-sepsis-in-adults
#11
Anders Perner, Annmarie Touborg Lassen, Jens Schierbeck, Merete Storgaard, Nanna Reiter, Thomas Benfield
Sepsis is the terminal event for most infectious diseases and is now defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. Sepsis is frequent, deathly and associated with high burden for patients, relatives and societies. Sepsis is underreported in diagnostic coding, making estimation difficult of the true burden of the disease in Denmark. It is likely, however, that sepsis contributes to 15% of all deaths in Denmark.
April 9, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690946/longitudinal-point-prevalence-survey-of-antibacterial-use-in-northern-ireland-using-the-european-surveillance-of-antimicrobial-consumption-esac-pps-and-global-pps-tool
#12
G M Al-Taani, M Scott, D Farren, F Gilmore, B Mccullagh, C Hibberd, A Mccorry, A Versporten, H Goossens, P Zarb, M A Aldeyab
Antimicrobial resistance is a limiting factor for the success of the treatment of infectious diseases and is associated with increased morbidity and cost. The present study aims to evaluate prescribing patterns of antimicrobials and quantify progress in relation to targets for quality improvement in the prescription of antimicrobials in Northern Ireland's secondary care sector using three repetitive point prevalence surveys (PPS) over a 6-year period: the European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption (ESAC-PPS) in 2009 and 2011 and the Global-PPS on Antimicrobial Consumption and Resistance in 2015...
April 25, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690900/neglected-aspects-of-tick-borne-rickettsioses
#13
REVIEW
Laura Tomassone, Aránzazu Portillo, Markéta Nováková, Rita de Sousa, José Antonio Oteo
Rickettsioses are among the oldest known infectious diseases. In spite of this, and of the extensive research carried out, many aspects of the biology and epidemiology of tick-borne rickettsiae are far from being completely understood. Their association with arthropod vectors, the importance of vertebrates as reservoirs, the rarity of clinical signs in animals, or the interactions of pathogenic species with rickettsial endosymbionts and with the host intracellular environment, are only some examples. Moreover, new rickettsiae are continuously being discovered...
April 24, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690842/-transfusion-transmitted-infections-how-useful-and-costly-is-testing-for-new-infectious-disease-pathogens
#14
Christoph Niederhauser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690823/the-need-for-a-patient-tailored-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-protocol-prior-to-bariatric-surgery
#15
Tadeja Pintar, Niko Kaliterna, Tanja Carli
Objective High-quality data indicating the advantages of preoperative Helicobacter pylori screening and eradication as well the clinical outcomes of patients with and without H. pylori after bariatric surgery are lacking. Methods In total, 96 morbidly obese patients with H. pylori preparing for bariatric surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Results Of 96 biopsy specimens, 73 (76%) were positive for H. pylori on initial Giemsa staining. These patients were treated with the standard 7-day antibiotic treatment protocol corrected by the individual patient's creatinine clearance rate and body mass index and received a 30% higher dose because of their H...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690727/-clinical-experience-and-next-generation-sequencing-analysis-of-encephalitis-caused-by-pseudorabies-virus
#16
W L Zhao, Y H Wu, H F Li, S Y Li, S Y Fan, H L Wu, Y J Li, Y L Lü, J Han, W C Zhang, Y Zhao, G L Li, X D Qiao, H T Ren, Y C Zhu, B Peng, L Y Cui, H Z Guan
Objective: To detect potential pathogens including pseudorabies virus in patients with encephalitis of unknown etiology in China and describe novel encephalitic entities. Methods: Patients with clinically suspected infectious encephalitis were enrolled in a multicenter study to identify the pathogens in PUMCH Encephalitis Program.Next-generation sequencing(NGS) of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was used in patients with encephalitis of unknown etiology enrolled from 2016 to 2017.The patients diagnosed as PRV encephalitis were studied to describe this novel entity...
April 17, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690563/intracellular-bacterial-infections-a-challenge-for-developing-cellular-mediated-immunity-vaccines-for-farmed-fish
#17
REVIEW
Hetron Mweemba Munang'andu
Aquaculture is one of the most rapidly expanding farming systems in the world. Its rapid expansion has brought with it several pathogens infecting different fish species. As a result, there has been a corresponding expansion in vaccine development to cope with the increasing number of infectious diseases in aquaculture. The success of vaccine development for bacterial diseases in aquaculture is largely attributed to empirical vaccine designs based on inactivation of whole cell (WCI) bacteria vaccines. However, an upcoming challenge in vaccine design is the increase of intracellular bacterial pathogens that are not responsive to WCI vaccines...
April 22, 2018: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689721/reaction-of-amyloid-%C3%AE-peptide-antibody-with-different-infectious-agents-involved-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Aristo Vojdani, Elroy Vojdani, Evan Saidara, Datis Kharrazian
As early as the 1980s, molecular virologist Ruth Itzhaki began to investigate if there was a causal connection between infections and neurodegenerative disorder. Although the theory has yet to be universally embraced, in 2016 Itzhaki and 33 other scientists from all over the world published a review article in this very journal presenting evidence for the causal role of pathogens in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Exactly how and in what way pathogens affect the induction of AD has yet to be determined, but one possible answer may involve the cross-reactivity of different pathogens with amyloid-β (Aβ)...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689653/streptococcus-pneumoniae-distribution-of-serotypes-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-patients-with-cancer
#19
Araceli Soto-Noguerón, María Noemí Carnalla-Barajas, Patricia Cornejo-Juárez, Patricia Volkow-Fernández, María Elena Velázquez-Meza, Gabriela Echániz-Aviles
OBJECTIVE: To describe the distribution of pneumococcal serotypes causing infectious diseases in patients with hematological malignancies and solid tumors and their antimicrobial susceptibility before and after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive pneumococcal isolates from hospitalized patients from the SIREVA-network were serotyped using the Quellung reaction and antimicrobial susceptibility was performed using the broth microdilution method...
January 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689650/-center-for-infectious-diseases-research-33-years-of-training-human-resources-and-producing-scientific-knowledge
#20
EDITORIAL
Celia M Alpuche-Aranda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Salud Pública de México
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