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Electrical stimulation pelvic floor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624732/effect-of-a-5-ht2c-receptor-agonist-on-urethral-closure-mechanisms-in-female-rats
#1
Mifuka Ouchi, Takeya Kitta, Yukiko Kanno, Madoka Higuchi, Mio Togo, Kimihiko Moriya, Nobuo Shinohara
AIMS: The serotonin (5-HT2c) receptor is known to be involved in the mechanism of urethral closure in a model of stress incontinence. Lorcaserin (Belviq®) has received Food and Drug Administration approval for the treatment of obesity. However, it is unclear whether this selective 5-HT2c receptor agonist enhances urethral closure in stress urinary incontinence (SUI) models. Therefore, we investigated whether lorcaserin could enhance urethral closure in female rats with vaginal distention (VD)...
April 6, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574482/the-effect-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-and-intravaginal-electrical-stimulation-on-urinary-incontinence-in-women-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-an-investigator-blinded-parallel-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Marlene Elmelund, Fin Biering-Sørensen, Ulla Due, Niels Klarskov
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urinary incontinence is a prevalent problem in women with spinal cord injury. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) alone and combined with intravaginal electrical stimulation (IVES) on urinary incontinence in women with incomplete spinal cord injury. METHODS: In this investigator-blinded randomized clinical trial, we recruited women aged 18-75 with incomplete spinal cord injury and urinary incontinence from a single spinal cord injury clinic in Denmark...
March 24, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442142/classic-papers-on-pelvic-floor-physiotherapy-the-most-frequently-cited-articles-in-three-decades-1983-2013
#3
REVIEW
Alexandre Fornari, Cristiane Carboni
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pelvic floor physiotherapy has been utilized extensively over the past decades for the treatment of pelvic floor dysfunctions. The aim of this study was to identify and characterize the most frequently cited articles on pelvic floor physiotherapy published in the last 30 years. METHODS: A PubMed search of all articles published between 1983 and 2013 was performed. Articles with more than 100 citations were identified as "classic," and were further analyzed based on author names, year of publication, journal of publication, subject, study design, country of research, and number of citations...
February 13, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429823/effects-of-three-interventions-in-facilitating-voluntary-pelvic-floor-muscle-contraction-in-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Elaine Cristine L Mateus-Vasconcelos, Luiz Gustavo O Brito, Patricia Driusso, Thaís D Silva, Flávia I Antônio, Cristine H J Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of vaginal palpation, vaginal palpation associated with posterior pelvic tilt, and intravaginal electrical stimulation in facilitating voluntary contraction of the pelvic floor muscles in women. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial in which 132 women with pelvic floor muscles function graded at 0 or 1 using the Modified Oxford Scale were randomized into four groups: vaginal palpation (n=33); vaginal palpation with posterior pelvic tilt (n=33); intravaginal electrical stimulation (n=33) and a control group (n=33) that only received verbal instructions...
February 3, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801220/multiple-reflex-pathways-contribute-to-bladder-activation-by-intraurethral-stimulation-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury
#5
Meredith J McGee, Brandon D Swan, Zachary C Danziger, Cindy L Amundsen, Warren M Grill
OBJECTIVE: To measure the urodynamic effects of electrical co-stimulation of 2 individual sites in the proximal and distal urethra in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). This work was motivated by preclinical findings that selective co-stimulation of the cranial urethral sensory nerve and the dorsal genital nerve, which innervate the proximal and distal portions of the urethra, respectively, increased reflex bladder activation and voiding efficiency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electrical co-stimulation of urethral afferents was conducted in persons with chronic SCI during urodynamics...
November 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801034/impact-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-on-sexual-function-of-women-with-urinary-incontinence-and-a-comparison-of-electrical-stimulation-versus-standard-treatment-ipsu-trial-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Swati Jha, Stephen J Walters, Oscar Bortolami, Simon Dixon, Abualbishr Alshreef
AIMS: To evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of electric stimulation plus standard pelvic floor muscle training compared to standard pelvic floor muscle training alone in women with urinary incontinence and sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Single centre two arm parallel group randomised controlled trial conducted in a Teaching hospital in England. Participants were women presenting with urinary incontinence and sexual dysfunction. The interventions compared were electric stimulation versus standard pelvic floor muscle training...
March 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744060/effects-of-physiotherapy-treatment-for-urinary-incontinence-in-patient-with-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Carla Maria de Abreu Pereira, Mariane Castiglione, Karina Tamy Kasawara
[Purpose] The aim of the study was to evaluate the benefits of physical therapy for urinary incontinence in patients with multiple sclerosis and to verify the impact of urinary incontinence on the patient's quality of life. [Subject and Methods] A case study of a 55-year-old female patient diagnosed with multiple sclerosis and mixed urinary incontinence was conducted. Physical therapy sessions were conducted once a week, in total 15 sessions, making use of targeted functional electrical vaginal stimulation, along with active exercises for the pelvic floor muscles and electrical stimulation of the posterior tibial nerve, behavioral rehabilitation and exercise at home...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647959/-re-treatments-of-recurrence-after-pelvic-floor-repair-surgery
#8
S X Fan, F M Wang, L S Lin, Y F Song
Objective: To analyze re-treatments of recurrence after the pelvic floor repair surgery. Methods: The protocol and the effect of re-treatments were investigated by reviewing and analyzing the clinical data of 81 recurrent patients (grade Ⅱ and above), who had received the pelvic floor repair surgery from January 2011 to January 2016. Pelvic organ prolapse quantitation system (POP-Q) and two questionnaires about quality of life [pelvic floor distress inventory-short form 20 (PFDI-20) and pelvic floor impact questionnaire short form (PFIQ-7)] were used to evaluate objective and subjective efficacy, respectively...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619043/effect-of-transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-treatment-on-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-after-class-iii-radical-hysterectomy-in-cervical-cancer-patients-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Xiu-Li Sun, Hai-Bo Wang, Zhi-Qi Wang, Ting-Ting Cao, Xin Yang, Jing-Song Han, Yang-Feng Wu, Kathleen H Reilly, Jian-Liu Wang
BACKGROUND: Class III radical hysterectomy (RH III)_plus pelvic lymphadenectomy is the standard surgery for early stage cervical cancer (CC) patients, the 5 year survival rate is about 90%, but pelvic floor disorders especially bladder dysfunction are common due to damaged vessels and nerve fibers following surgery. Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS) treatment has been used to treat bladder disorders for many years, but its effect on cervical cancer patients, the best treatment time point and stimulated protocol, had never been assessed...
June 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585105/physical-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-the-treatment-of-pelvic-floor-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Alex Arnouk, Elise De, Alexandra Rehfuss, Carin Cappadocia, Samantha Dickson, Fei Lian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the study was to catalog the most recent available literature regarding the use of conservative measures in treatment of pelvic floor disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Pelvic floor disorders encompass abnormalities of urination, defecation, sexual function, pelvic organ prolapse, and chronic pain, and can have significant quality of life implications for patients. Current guidelines recommend behavioral modifications and conservative treatments as first-line therapy for pelvic floor disorders...
June 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464434/the-effects-of-pilates-method-on-pelvic-floor-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-post-prostatectomy-urinary-incontinence-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Cíntia S Gomes, Fabiana R Pedriali, Mariana R Urbano, Eliane H Moreira, Marcio A Averbeck, Silvio Henrique M Almeida
AIMS: To assess the effects of a Pilates exercise program compared to conventional pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) protocol on pelvic floor muscle strength (PFMS) in patients with post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence. METHODS: Patients were randomized into three treatment groups (G1: Pilates, G2: electrical stimulation combined with PFMT, and G3: control group). Duration of therapy was 10 weeks. Baseline assessment included the 24 h pad-test and the ICI-Q questionnaire...
January 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363763/systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-physical-therapy-modalities-in-women-with-provoked-vestibulodynia
#12
REVIEW
Mélanie Morin, Marie-Soleil Carroll, Sophie Bergeron
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor muscle physical therapy is recommended in clinical guidelines for women with provoked vestibulodynia (PVD). Including isolated or combined treatment modalities, physical therapy is viewed as an effective first-line intervention, yet no systematic review concerning the effectiveness of physical therapy has been conducted. AIM: To systematically appraise the current literature on the effectiveness of physical therapy modalities for decreasing pain during intercourse and improving sexual function in women with PVD...
July 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287977/neurostimulation-strategy-for-stress-urinary-incontinence
#13
Xuechen Huang, Kaihui Zheng, Sam Kohan, Petcharat May Denprasert, Limin Liao, Gerald Eli Loeb
We have developed a percutaneously implantable and wireless microstimulator (NuStim) to exercise the pelvic floor muscles for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence. It produces a wide range of charge-regulated electrical stimulation pulses and trains of pulses using a simple electronic circuit that receives power and timing information from an externally generated RF magnetic field. The complete system was validated in vitro and in vivo in preclinical studies demonstrating that the NuStim can be successfully implanted into an effective, low threshold location, and the implant can be operated chronically to produce effective and well-tolerated contractions of skeletal muscle...
July 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284822/-algorithms-and-urinary-incontinence-in-the-elderly-assessment-treatment-recommendations-and-levels-of-evidence-review
#14
REVIEW
P Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Search processing algorithms in a primary care setting, analyzing the specifics of care management for seniors suffering from urinary incontinence (UI), described the recommendations and levels of evidence of treatment. METHODS: A literature review carried out via PubMed® and websites of scientific societies with search keywords classified according to an algorithm. RESULTS: One hundred algorithms have been discovered in the field of evaluation and treatment of UI...
March 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252827/the-effect-of-rehabilitation-exercises-combined-with-direct-vagina-low-voltage-low-frequency-electric-stimulation-on-pelvic-nerve-electrophysiology-and-tissue-function-in-primiparous-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Sumian Yang, Wenshu Sang, Jing Feng, Haifeng Zhao, Xian Li, Ping Li, Hongfang Fan, Zengjun Tang, Lina Gao
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of rehabilitation exercises combined with Direct Vagina Low Voltage Low Frequency Electric Stimulation (DES) on pelvic nerve electrophysiology and tissue function after delivery. BACKGROUND: Whether and how DES effects pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) are not known clearly. DESIGN: This was a randomised, controlled clinical trial. METHODS: The 189 primiparous women 20-35 years old and with an episiotomy or second degree episiotomy tear were divided into three groups: the control group (n = 60) received routine postpartum guidance 2 hr postpartum, the training group (n = 63) performed rehabilitation exercises (Kegel exercises and pelvic movements) from 2 days postpartum until 3 months postpartum, and the combination group (n = 66) received DES 15 times (3 times a week for 30 min at a time) beginning at the sixth week postpartum in addition to performing rehabilitation exercises...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124534/percutaneous-tibial-nerve-stimulation-versus-electrical-stimulation-with-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-for-overactive-bladder-syndrome-in-women-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-study
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carlo Vecchioli Scaldazza, Carolina Morosetti, Rosita Giampieretti, Rossana Lorenzetti, Marinella Baroni
INTRODUCTION: This study compared percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) versus electrical stimulation with pelvic floor muscle training (ES + PFMT) in women with overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 60 women with OAB were enrolled. Patients were randomized into two groups. In group A, women underwent ES with PFMT, in group B women underwent PTNS. RESULTS: A statistically significant reduction in the number of daily micturitions, episodes of nocturia and urge incontinence was found in the two groups but the difference was more substantial in women treated with PTNS; voided volume increased in both groups...
January 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040503/are-interferential-electrical-stimulation-and-diaphragmatic-breathing-exercises-beneficial-in-children-with-bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction
#17
Vesna D Zivkovic, Ivona Stankovic, Lidija Dimitrijevic, Mirjana Kocic, Hristina Colovic, Marina Vlajkovic, Andjelka Slavkovic, Milica Lazovic
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of interferential current (IC) stimulation and diaphragmatic breathing exercises (DBEs) in children with bladder and bowel dysfunction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine children with dysfunctional voiding and chronic constipation who were failures of primary care interventions were included in the prospective clinical study. All the children were checked for their medical history regarding lower urinary tract symptoms and bowel habits...
April 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935011/electrical-stimulation-with-non-implanted-electrodes-for-overactive-bladder-in-adults
#18
REVIEW
Fiona Stewart, Luis F Gameiro, Regina El Dib, Monica O Gameiro, Anil Kapoor, Joao L Amaro
BACKGROUND: Several options exist for managing overactive bladder (OAB), including electrical stimulation (ES) with non-implanted devices, conservative treatment and drugs. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted devices aims to inhibit contractions of the detrusor muscle, potentially reducing urinary frequency and urgency. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of ES with non-implanted electrodes for OAB, with or without urgency urinary incontinence, compared with: placebo or any other active treatment; ES added to another intervention compared with the other intervention alone; different methods of ES compared with each other...
December 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802008/percutaneous-tibial-nerve-stimulation-versus-electrical-stimulation-with-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-for-overactive-bladder-syndrome-in-women-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-study
#19
Carlo Vecchioli Scaldazza, Carolina Morosetti, Rosita Giampieretti, Rossana Lorenzetti, Marinella Baroni
INTRODUCTION: This study compared percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) versus electrical stimulation with pelvic floor muscle training (ES + PFMT) in women with overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 60 women with OAB were enrolled. Patients were randomized into two groups. In group A, women underwent ES with PFMT, in group B women underwent PTNS. RESULTS: A statistically significant reduction in the number of daily micturitions, episodes of nocturia and urge incontinence was found in the two groups but the difference was more substantial in women treated with PTNS; voided volume increased in both groups...
January 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524737/a-comparative-study-of-transcutaneous-interferential-electrical-stimulation-plus-behavioral-therapy-and-behavioral-therapy-alone-on-constipation-in-postoperative-hirschsprung-disease-children
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Seyedeh-Sanam Ladi-Seyedian, Lida Sharifi-Rad, Navid Manouchehri, Bahar Ashjaei
PURPOSE: We assessed the effectiveness of transcutaneous interferential (IF) electrical stimulation on constipation in postoperative Hirschsprung's disease (HD) patients. METHODS: Thirty HD children (18 boys and 12 girls) with constipation who had no surgical complication were enrolled and then randomly divided into two treatment groups. The control group underwent only behavioral therapy comprising high fiber diet, hydration, toilet training and pelvic floor muscles exercises while; the IF group underwent behavioral therapy plus IF electrical stimulation...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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