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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350682/vasculature-of-a-medial-femoral-condyle-free-flap-in-intact-and-osteotomized-flaps
#1
Maciej Rysz, Wojciech Grabczan, Maciej Jan Mazurek, Romuald Krajewski, Dariusz Grzelecki, Bogdan Ciszek
BACKGROUND: A small size and difficulties with shaping a medial femoral condyle corticocancellous bone flap are factors limiting its use. The goal of this study was to evaluate range of vascular supply to a medial femoral condyle corticocancellous bone flap to determine whether harvesting of larger flaps and performing a flap osteotomy would compromise the vasculature of a flap's bone. METHODS: Twenty-four limbs were dissected and medial femoral condyle corticocancellous bone flaps were harvested with skin paddles...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322310/hormone-therapy-at-early-post-menopause-increases-cognitive-control-related-prefrontal-activity
#2
Romuald Girard, Elise Météreau, Julie Thomas, Michel Pugeat, Chen Qu, Jean-Claude Dreher
Clinical data have been equivocal and controversial as to the benefits to the brain and cognition of hormone therapy (HT) in postmenopausal women. Recent reevaluation of the role of estrogens proposed that HT may effectively prevent the deleterious effects of aging on cognition, and reduces the risks of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, if initiated early at the beginning of menopause. Yet, little is known about the effects of HT on brain activation related to cognitive control, the ability to make flexible decisions in relation to internal goals...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302553/stark-regional-and-sex-differences-in-the-prevalence-and-awareness-of-hypertension-an-h3africa-awi-gen-study-across-6-sites-in-sub-saharan-africa
#3
F Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Stuart A Ali, Felix Made, Catherine Kyobutungi, Engelbert Nonterah, Lisa Micklesfield, Marianne Alberts, Romuald Boua, Scott Hazelhurst, Cornelius Debpuur, Felistas Mashinya, Sekgothe Dikotope, Hermann Sorgho, Ian Cook, Stella Muthuri, Cassandra Soo, Freedom Mukomana, Godfred Agongo, Christopher Wandabwa, Sulaimon Afolabi, Abraham Oduro, Halidou Tinto, Ryan G Wagner, Tilahun Haregu, Alisha Wade, Kathleen Kahn, Shane A Norris, Nigel J Crowther, Stephen Tollman, Osman Sankoh, Michèle Ramsay
BACKGROUND: There is a high prevalence of hypertension and related cardiovascular diseases in sub-Saharan Africa, yet few large studies exploring hypertension in Africa are available. The actual burden of disease is poorly understood and awareness and treatment to control it is often suboptimal. OBJECTIVES: The study sought to report the prevalence of measured hypertension and to assess awareness and control of blood pressure among older adults in rural and urban settings in 6 sites located in West, East, and Southern Africa...
March 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291023/central-contribution-to-electrically-induced-fatigue-depends-on-stimulation-frequency
#4
Sidney Grosprêtre, Nicolas Gueugneau, Alain Martin, Romuald Lepers
PURPOSE: This study analyzed the impact of several protocols of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), matched with a similar total torque-time integral, on muscle activation pathways and neuromuscular fatigue. METHODS: Ten young healthy participants (age: 24.6 ± 4.2) performed 3 randomized NMES sessions on the triceps surae muscles with 20 Hz, 60 Hz or 100 Hz stimulation frequencies (pulse duration: 1 ms), with pulse amplitude (IES) set at 20 % of isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)...
March 13, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290716/cycling-vs-uphill-walking-impact-on-locomotor-muscle-fatigue-and-running-exercise
#5
Benjamin Pageaux, Jean Theurel, Romuald Leper
PURPOSE: To describe the effects of uphill walking versus cycling exercises on knee extensors (KE) neuromuscular properties and subsequent running exercise. METHODS: Nine athletes performed four different sessions (one familiarization and three experimental sessions, visit 2 to 4). Visit 2 (cycling + 10 km condition) consisted of the completion of 1-h cycling followed by a 10 km running time trial. Visit 3 consisted of the completion of 1-h uphill walking followed by a 10 km running exercise (RE)...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212243/evaluation-of-outcome-after-cardiac-arrest-doctors-or-patients-point-of-view
#6
Romuald Riem, Karim Lakhal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202017/association-between-metformin-use-and-below-the-knee-arterial-calcification-score-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#7
Aurélien Mary, Agnes Hartemann, Sophie Liabeuf, Carole Elodie Aubert, Salim Kemel, Joe Elie Salem, Philippe Cluzel, Aurélie Lenglet, Ziad A Massy, Jean-Daniel Lalau, Romuald Mentaverri, Olivier Bourron, Saïd Kamel
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcification (VC) is common in type 2 diabetes, and is associated with cardiovascular complications. Recent preclinical data suggest that metformin inhibits VC both in vitro and in animal models. However, metformin's effects in patients with diabetic VC have not previously been characterized. The present study investigated the association between metformin use and lower-limb arterial calcification in patients with type 2 diabetes and high cardiovascular risk. METHODS: The DIACART cross-sectional cohort study included 198 patients with type 2 diabetes but without severe chronic kidney disease...
February 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145398/assessment-of-bioelectrical-activity-of-pelvic-floor-muscles-depending-on-the-orientation-of-the-pelvis-in-menopausal-women-with-symptoms-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-continued-observational-study
#8
Kuba Ptaszkowski, Romuald Zdrojowy, Lucyna Slupska, Janusz Bartnicki, Janusz Dembowski, Tomasz Halski, Malgorzata Paprocka-Borowicz
BACKGROUND: Menopausal women often experience the prolapse of the uterus, bladder and rectum resulting from the failure and weakening of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM). Strengthening of the PFM through the standard exercises is recognized as an effective way of preventive measures and conservative treatment of the symptoms listed above, but still need to be improved. AIM: The goal was the objective assessment of resting and functional bioelectrical activity of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) in women during menopause and its comparison in three different positions of the pelvis: anterior pelvic tilt - position 1 (P1) posterior pelvic tilt - position 2 (P2) and neutral pelvic tilt - position 3 (P3)...
January 30, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075608/sonographic-appearance-of-lesions-diagnosed-as-lobular-neoplasia-at-sonographically-guided-biopsies
#9
Romuald Ferré, Atilla Omeroglu, Benoît Mesurolle
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to review the sonographic features of breast lesions yielding lobular neoplasia (LN) at sonographically guided biopsy, evaluate the surgical pathology outcome of these lesions, and determine if imaging findings or clinical features can be used to predict an upgrade to malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 8205 sonographically guided breast biopsies (14-gauge cores) performed from 2007 through 2014, 22 yielded a diagnosis of LN, which means that LN was the most severe pathologic lesion...
March 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069297/lesions-on-the-back-of-hands-and-female-gender-predispose-to-stigmatization-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#10
Marlena Hawro, Marcus Maurer, Karsten Weller, Romuald Maleszka, Anna Zalewska-Janowska, Andrzej Kaszuba, Zofia Gerlicz-Kowalczuk, Tomasz Hawro
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis vulgaris is characterized by disfiguring and stigmatizing skin lesions. The links among lesions distribution, severity, and stigmatization remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate if the involvement of visible and sensitive areas is linked to stigmatization. METHODS: In all, 115 patients with psoriasis vulgaris were assessed for disease severity, skin lesions distribution, itch, and stigmatization using the Feelings of Stigmatization Questionnaire...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060296/studying-soft-matter-and-biological-systems-over-a-wide-length-scale-from-nanometer-and-micrometer-sizes-at-the-small-angle-neutron-diffractometer-kws-2
#11
Aurel Radulescu, Noemi Kinga Szekely, Marie-Sousai Appavou, Vitaliy Pipich, Thomas Kohnke, Vladimir Ossovyi, Simon Staringer, Gerald J Schneider, Matthias Amann, Bo Zhang-Haagen, Georg Brandl, Matthias Drochner, Ralf Engels, Romuald Hanslik, Günter Kemmerling
The KWS-2 SANS diffractometer is dedicated to the investigation of soft matter and biophysical systems covering a wide length scale, from nm to µm. The instrument is optimized for the exploration of the wide momentum transfer Q range between 1x10(-4) and 0.5 Å(-1) by combining classical pinhole, focusing (with lenses), and time-of-flight (with chopper) methods, while simultaneously providing high-neutron intensities with an adjustable resolution. Because of its ability to adjust the intensity and the resolution within wide limits during the experiment, combined with the possibility to equip specific sample environments and ancillary devices, the KWS-2 shows a high versatility in addressing the broad range of structural and morphological studies in the field...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050795/how-different-cystoscopy-methods-influence-patient-sexual-satisfaction-anxiety-and-depression-levels-a-randomized-prospective-trial
#12
Wojciech Krajewski, Katarzyna Kościelska-Kasprzak, Joanna Rymaszewska, Romuald Zdrojowy
PURPOSE: Bladder cancer (BC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide. BC diagnosis and surveillance is based on cystoscopy (CS). CS impact on patient's depression, anxiety, and sexual satisfaction (SS) is not sufficiently studied. There are no data on patient's comfort with flexible or rigid CS. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated pain perception (PP), depression, anxiety, and SS of 100 male patients who previously underwent at least one rigid CS in our department as surveillance after TURB procedure due to non-muscle-invasive BC and were scheduled for the next CS examination...
March 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042819/retroareolar-carcinomas-in-breast-ultrasound-pearls-and-pitfalls
#13
REVIEW
Romuald Ferré, Martine Paré, Lisa Smith, Mélanie Thériault, Ann Aldis, Ellen Kao, Benoit Mesurolle
Breast Ultrasound (US) is an important tool for both screening and diagnostic examinations. Although breast US has benefitted from significant recent technical improvements, its use for the retroareolar region is known to be more challenging than for other locations. The retroareolar location was defined by Giess et al. in 1998 as the region where any lesion is situated at less than two cm from the nipple and/or involves the nipple-areolar complex on mammogram. Understanding of the complex anatomy and physiology of the nipple-areolar region is important to avoid misinterpretation and misdiagnosis...
December 30, 2016: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018241/master-athletes-are-extending-the-limits-of-human-endurance
#14
REVIEW
Romuald Lepers, Paul J Stapley
The increased participation of master athletes (i.e., >40 years old) in endurance and ultra-endurance events (>6 h duration) over the past few decades has been accompanied by an improvement in their performances at a much faster rate than their younger counterparts. Aging does however result in a decrease in overall endurance performance. Such age-related declines in performance depend upon the modes of locomotion, event duration, and gender of the participant. For example, smaller age-related declines in cycling performance than in running and swimming have been documented...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993195/minimally-invasive-thoracoscopic-closure-versus-thoracotomy-in-children-with-patent-ductus-arteriosus
#15
Tomasz Stankowski, Sleiman Sebastian Aboul-Hassan, Jakub Marczak, Anna Szymanska, Cyprian Augustyn, Romuald Cichon
BACKGROUND: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is one of the most common congenital heart defects. Once diagnosed, an immediate pharmacologic or invasive treatment should be performed. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of surgical PDA ligation in children using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in comparison with a conventional muscle-sparing posterolateral thoracotomy technique (MSPLT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this single-center, retrospective study 173 children qualified for surgical PDA closure were enrolled...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984292/functional-limitations-do-not-mean-poor-quality-of-life
#16
Romuald Riem, Karim Lakhal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980529/ten-years-of-anti-hpv-vaccinations-what-do-we-know
#17
Robert Jach, Antoni Basta, Jan Kotarski, Janina Markowska, Tomasz Paszkowski, Romuald Dębski, Wojciech Rokita, Witold Kędzia, Krystyna Kiszka
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most important carcinogens in humans. Vaccines against HPV are now considered the first anti-cancer vaccinations. Since 2007, in many developed countries, there have been recommendations present for preventive vaccines against HPV. At present, the degree of implementation of these recommendations depends on a number of country-specific factors such as the health care system organization or the ways of funding. HPV vaccines are primarily to prevent the development of cervical cancer and other genital cancers...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968968/-recruitment-and-training-of-prehospital-emergency-care-nurses-in-paris
#18
Boris Martin le Pladec, Romuald Menoret, Raphaël Rodes
In collaboration with the ambulance driver and the emergency doctor, the prehospital nurse provides care in a universe which is often difficult and sometimes hostile. Whether they are a nurse from the Samu (urgent medical aid service) or from the Paris fire service, how are they recruited and what training do these emergency care professionals receive?
November 2016: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965592/fatigue-induced-by-physical-and-mental-exertion-increases-perception-of-effort-and-impairs-subsequent-endurance-performance
#19
REVIEW
Benjamin Pageaux, Romuald Lepers
Endurance performance involves the prolonged maintenance of constant or self-regulated power/velocity or torque/force. While the impact of numerous determinants of endurance performance has been previously reviewed, the impact of fatigue on subsequent endurance performance still needs to be documented. This review aims to present the impact of fatigue induced by physical or mental exertion on subsequent endurance performance. For the purpose of this review, endurance performance refers to performance during whole-body or single-joint endurance exercise soliciting mainly the aerobic energy system...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941010/a-local-cryotherapy-with-percutaneous-tumour-removal-as-a-successful-treatment-option-in-patient-with-tricuspid-valve-fibroelastoma-papillare
#20
Krzysztof Andrzej Kaczmarek, Piotr Jakubowski, Romuald Wojnicz, Pawel Andrzej Ptaszynski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: European Heart Journal
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