keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vesicoureteric reflux

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755057/feasibility-of-superb-microvascular-imaging-to-detect-high-grade-vesicoureteral-reflux-in-children-with-urinary-tract-infection
#1
Hee Kyung Kim, Sara O'Hara, Bo-Kyung Je, Steven J Kraus, Paul Horn
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate superb microvascular imaging (SMI) for the detection of high-grade vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). METHODS: We reviewed the patients with urinary tract infection who underwent renal US with SMI and VCUG. The subjects were divided into a VUR group, which included 17 patients (20 kidney units, KU) with high-grade reflux (grade 4 or 5) on VCUG, and a group without VUR including the same numbers of subjects. The direction of urine movement at the distal ureter and the renal pelvis was reviewed on SMI...
July 28, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753880/paediatric-urology-and-the-dilemma-of-low-quality-evidence-for-the-management-of-common-urological-conditions-vesicoureteral-reflux-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-undescended-testis-in-children
#2
Christian Radmayr, Serdar Tekgul
We have to strive for a more prospective scientific approach to every specific urological condition in children, with contributions from all parties involved and an emphasis on proper outcome research.
April 25, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748898/unilateral-multicystic-renal-dysplasia-prenatal-diagnosis-on-ultrasound
#3
Vaidehi K Pandya, Harsh C Sutariya
Multicystic renal dysplasia (MCRD) is the most common cause of abnormally enlarged kidney, diagnosed on antenatal ultrasound examination. It is an abnormality of the embryonic development in which the renal parenchyma is substituted by nonfunctioning renal tissue made up of cysts which do not communicate with each other. Vesicoureteric reflux (VUR), pelviureteric junction obstruction, vesicoureteric junction obstruction, and ureterocele are the most commonly seen abnormalities in contralateral kidney. Here, we report a case of prenatal diagnosis of unilateral MCRD with VUR in contralateral kidney...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743527/effectiveness-and-complications-of-augmentation-cystoplasty-with-or-without-non-refluxing-ureteral-reimplantation-in-adult-patients-with-long-standing-bladder-dysfunction-a-single-center-11-year-experience-in-173-cases
#4
Zhaoxia Wang, Limin Liao
PURPOSE: To review our experience for effectiveness and complications of augmentation cystoplasty (AC) with or without non-refluxing ureteral reimplantation in adult patients with long-standing bladder dysfunction MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 173 patients who underwent AC with or without ureteral re-implantation (UR) at our center from July 2005 to July 2016. Clinical data, magnetic resonance urography (MRU), and video-urodynamics (VUD) parameters were collected. The upper urinary tract dilation (UUTD) and vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) grading systems were used to evaluate upper urinary tract function...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737866/algorithms-imaging-tests-comparison-following-the-first-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-in-children
#5
María M Tombesi, Laura F Alconcher, Lucas Lucarelli, Agustina Ciccioli
OBJETIVES: To compare the diagnostic sensitivity, costs and radiation doses of imaging tests algorithms developed by the Argentine Society of Pediatrics in 2003 and 2015, against British and American guidelines after the first febrile urinary tract infection (UTI). POPULATION AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria: children ≤ 2 years old with their first febrile UTI and normal ultrasound, voiding cystourethrography and dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy, according to the algorithm established by the Argentine Society of Pediatrics in 2003, treated between 2003 and 2010...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733159/the-impact-of-a-bladder-training-video-versus-standard-urotherapy-on-quality-of-life-of-children-with-bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
N Brownrigg, L H Braga, M Rickard, F Farrokhyar, B Easterbrook, A Dekirmendjian, K Jegatheeswaran, J DeMaria, A J Lorenzo
INTRODUCTION: Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) can negatively impact the quality of life (QoL) of children. Urotherapy is an accepted treatment option for BBD; however, literature that examines the impact of management options on QoL in this population is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a bladder training video (BTV) is non-inferior to standard urotherapy (SU) in improving QoL in children with BBD. METHODS: Children aged 5-10 years and who scored ≥11 on the Vancouver Non-Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction/Dysfunctional Elimination Syndrome Questionnaire (NLUTD/DES) were recruited from a pediatric tertiary care center...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717193/adhesive-capsulitis-of-the-shoulder-evaluation-with-us-arthrography-using-a-sonographic-contrast-agent
#7
Xueqing Cheng, Zhenqi Zhang, Guo Xuanyan, Tingting Li, Juan Li, Longlin Yin, Man Lu
Adhesive capsulitis (AC) is a painful and disabling disorder, which caused restricted motion and chronic pain of shoulder. Intracavitary contrast-enhanced ultrasound has been recently applied to assess obstructive bile duct diseases, tubal patency, vesicoureteric reflux and so on. The aim of this study was to detect the value of US-arthrography by injecting the contrast agent SonoVue into glenohumeral joint compared with US in diagnosing AC. Utrasound (US) and US-arthrography images of 45 patients with AC were compared with that of 45 control subjects without AC with MRI as a gold standard...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712168/justification-for-re-look-cystoscopy-after-posterior-urethral-valve-fulguration
#8
Gul Nawaz, Ijaz Hussain, Shujah Muhammad, Muhammad Imran Jamil, Asad Ur Rehman, Nadeem Iqbal, Saeed Akhter
BACKGROUND: Posterior urethral valve (PUV) is life-threatening congenital anomaly of the urinary tract that results in vesicoureteric reflux, recurrent UTI, voiding dysfunction and renal insufficiency if not treat timely. Endoscopic ablation of posterior urethral valves using cold knife or laser is the current gold standard therapy. Many urologists go for repeat cystoscopy to see residual valve or stricture while others repeat VCUG to measure the posterior to anterior urethral ratio for residual obstruction...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711547/interobserver-variability-for-interpretation-of-dmsa-scans-in-the-rivur-trial
#9
Tej K Mattoo, Steven J Skoog, Lisa Gravens-Mueller, Russell W Chesney, Alejandro Hoberman, Ranjiv Mathews, Marva Moxey-Mims, Anastasia Ivanova, Saul P Greenfield, Myra A Carpenter
INTRODUCTION: Technetium-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) renal scans are used in the diagnosis of renal scarring. In the Randomized Intervention for Children with Vesicoureteral Reflux (RIVUR) trial that randomized 607 children, DMSA renal scans were used for evaluating the presence and the severity of renal scarring. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine interobserver variability in reporting of DMSA renal scans in the RIVUR trial. STUDY DESIGN: We compared DMSA renal scan reports for renal scarring and acute pyelonephritis from all non-reference local radiologists (ALRs) at study sites with adjudicated as well as non-adjudicated reports from two reference radiologists (RRs) of the RIVUR trial...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710643/-vesicoureteral-reflux-watchful-waiting-surgery-or-antibiotic-prophylaxis
#10
REVIEW
A Schröder
Primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a dynamic disease with several factors influencing its course. Therapeutic options range from watchful waiting to open surgery. Multiple risk factors for the development of pyelonephritis are identified, which then determine the decision for the appropriate treatment option. They include age, gender, history of pyelonephritis and renal scarring, bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD), circumcision status and parental preference. The use of continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) is becoming increasingly controversial with antibiotic resistance being a major concern...
July 14, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700181/-hyperuricemia-and-gene-mutations-a-case-report
#11
Fabio Tattoli, Daniela Falconi, Ornella De Prisco, Gherzi Maurizio, Federico Marazzi, Marita Marengo, Ilaria Serra, Michela Tamagnone, Luca Cordero di Montezemolo, Barbara Pasini, Marco Formica
Hyperuricemia is frequently found in nephrology. The case presented may be useful to clarify some pathogenetic aspects. It is a patient of 18 years, hyperuricaemic. Non-consanguineous parents, hyperuricemia in the paternal line, not neuropsychiatric disorders in the family. Delay in neuromotor acquisitions, average intellectual disabilities, anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality traits. Normal renal function and renal ultrasound. Evidence of hyperuricemia in 2015. Never gouty episodes and / or lithiasis, initiated allopurinol 100 mg on alternate days, with no side effects, urea in the control range, slightly below normal uricuria...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697717/timing-and-predictors-of-early-urologic-and-infectious-complications-after-renal-transplant-an-analysis-of-a-new-york-statewide-database
#12
Wilson Sui, Michael J Lipsky, Justin T Matulay, Dennis J Robins, Ifeanyi C Onyeji, Maxwell B James, Marissa C Theofanides, Sven Wenske
OBJECTIVES: The most common complications after renal transplant are urologic and are a cause of significant morbidity in a vulnerable population. We sought to characterize the timing and predictors of urologic complications after renal transplant using a statewide database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We queried the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database to identify patients who underwent renal transplant from 2005 to 2013. Postoperative complications included hydronephrosis, ureteral stricture, vesicoureteral reflux, nephrolithiasis, and urinary tract infections...
July 11, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694079/distal-ureteral-diameter-ratio-is-predictive-of-breakthrough-febrile-urinary-tract-infection
#13
Angela M Arlen, Traci Leong, Paul J Guidos, Siobhan E Alexander, Christopher S Cooper
PURPOSE: Distal ureteral diameter ratio (UDR) is an objective measure that is prognostic of spontaneous vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) resolution. Along with likelihood of resolution, improved identification of children at risk for recurrent febrile urinary tract infections (fUTI) may impact management decisions. We evaluated the utility of UDR as a predictive factor for breakthrough fUTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children with primary VUR and detailed voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) were identified...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689649/epispadias-repair-with-tunica-vaginalis-flap
#14
R S Zee, J H Makari, Fernando Ferrer, C D A Herndon
INTRODUCTION: Primary epispadias is a rare congenital malformation that afflicts about 1 in 80,000 children. The surgical repair, originally described by Cantwell over 100 years ago, is fundamentally sound and incorporates several important steps to achieve an optimal result. METHODS: A 9-month-old male with penopubic epispadias presented for surgical repair. Pre-operative imaging included a normal renal ultrasound and voiding cystourethrogram that demonstrated a moderate-sized bladder, partially competent bladder neck, and no vesicoureteral reflux...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688993/fat-demented-and-stupid-an-unrecognized-legacy-of-pediatric-urology
#15
REVIEW
Christopher S Cooper
The human body is an unfathomably intricate structure consisting of many connected and intertwined systems. This makes it impossible for therapeutic interventions to selectively target only one physiologic system without some impact or side effects on all the other systems. The resiliency of the human body modifies and disguises side effects, some of which may be undetectable for years and not apparent without scientific investigation. Pediatric urologists employ relatively few medications for the common conditions they treat and in general these consist of antibiotics, anticholinergics, and anesthetics...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681079/urinary-tract-infection-in-small-children-the-evolution-of-renal-damage-over-time
#16
Svante Swerkersson, Ulf Jodal, Rune Sixt, Eira Stokland, Sverker Hansson
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to analyze the evolution of kidney damage over time in small children with urinary tract infection (UTI) and factors associated with progression of renal damage. METHODS: From a cohort of 1003 children <2 years of age with first-time UTI, a retrospective analysis of 103 children was done. Children were selected because of renal damage at index (99m)Tc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy at least 3 months after UTI, and a late DMSA scan was performed after at least 2 years...
July 5, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669586/long-term-outcomes-of-cutaneous-vesicostomy-in-patients-with-neuropathic-bladder-caused-by-spina-bifida
#17
M İrfan Dönmez, Alonso Carrasco, Amanda F Saltzman, Vijaya Vemulakonda, Duncan T Wilcox
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of patients who underwent cutaneous vesicostomy for management of neuropathic bladder secondary to spina bifida. We hypothesize that vesicostomy, in select patients, is beneficial to prevent upper urinary tract deterioration (UTD), reduce febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs), and preserve renal function. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective chart review on patients with spina bifida who underwent cutaneous vesicostomy at our institution between 2000 and 2016...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645618/featuring-distal-ureteral-diameter-in-the-resolution-of-vesicoureteral-reflux
#18
EDITORIAL
Christopher E Bayne, Diana Cardona-Grau, Michael H Hsieh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637056/-urosepsis-in-children
#19
Josef Oswald
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common infectious diseases in children. Urosepsis in childhood, though rare, is the most complicated possible variant. In newborns and infants, unspecific symptoms are a significant barrier to a fast and reliable diagnosis, which is crucial to successful treatment. In addition to urine and laboratory tests as well as non-invasive examinations (ultrasound), there may be an indication for invasive examinations of the kidneys (DMSA scans) in cases of a severe infection...
June 21, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631915/-multispiral-computer-tomography-in-differential-diagnosis-of-congenital-uretheroidhydronefrosis-in-children
#20
E B Khakkulov, Zh U Khusankhodzhaev
AIM: To identify the characteristic MSCT signs of pediatric ureterohydronephrosis allowing to assess the disease severity and differentiate between its various forms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty five children with III-IV grade ureterohydronephrosis underwent a comprehensive examination including MSCT urography. The study comprised 40 (61.5%) boys and 25 (38.5%) girls aged 3 months to 14 years (mean age 4.15+/-3.21 years). RESULTS: Obstructive disease was detected in 38 (58...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
keyword
keyword
63215
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"