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Warren Tierney, Martin Schweinsberg, Jennifer Jordan, Deanna M Kennedy, Israr Qureshi, S Amy Sommer, Nico Thornley, Nikhil Madan, Michelangelo Vianello, Eli Awtrey, Luke Lei Zhu, Daniel Diermeier, Justin E Heinze, Malavika Srinivasan, David Tannenbaum, Eliza Bivolaru, Jason Dana, Clintin P Davis-Stober, Christilene du Plessis, Quentin F Gronau, Andrew C Hafenbrack, Eko Yi Liao, Alexander Ly, Maarten Marsman, Toshio Murase, Michael Schaerer, Christina M Tworek, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, Lynn Wong, Tabitha Anderson, Christopher W Bauman, Wendy L Bedwell, Victoria Brescoll, Andrew Canavan, Jesse J Chandler, Erik Cheries, Sapna Cheryan, Felix Cheung, Andrei Cimpian, Mark A Clark, Diana Cordon, Fiery Cushman, Peter H Ditto, Alice Amell, Sarah E Frick, Monica Gamez-Djokic, Rebecca Hofstein Grady, Jesse Graham, Jun Gu, Adam Hahn, Brittany E Hanson, Nicole J Hartwich, Kristie Hein, Yoel Inbar, Lily Jiang, Tehlyr Kellogg, Nicole Legate, Timo P Luoma, Heidi Maibeucher, Peter Meindl, Jennifer Miles, Alexandra Mislin, Daniel C Molden, Matt Motyl, George Newman, Hoai Huong Ngo, Harvey Packham, P Scott Ramsay, Jennifer L Ray, Aaron M Sackett, Anne-Laure Sellier, Tatiana Sokolova, Walter Sowden, Daniel Storage, Xiaomin Sun, Jay J Van Bavel, Anthony N Washburn, Cong Wei, Erik Wetter, Carlos T Wilson, Sophie-Charlotte Darroux, Eric Luis Uhlmann
We present the data from a crowdsourced project seeking to replicate findings in independent laboratories before (rather than after) they are published. In this Pre-Publication Independent Replication (PPIR) initiative, 25 research groups attempted to replicate 10 moral judgment effects from a single laboratory's research pipeline of unpublished findings. The 10 effects were investigated using online/lab surveys containing psychological manipulations (vignettes) followed by questionnaires. Results revealed a mix of reliable, unreliable, and culturally moderated findings...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Data
Timothy J Fuller, Christopher M Paprzycki, Muhammad H Zubair, Lala R Hussain, Brian A Kuhn, Matthew H Recht, Patrick E Muck
BACKGROUND: Interventional strategies for massive and submassive Pulmonary Embolism (smPE) have historically included either systematic intravenous thrombolytic alteplase (IV TPA) or surgical embolectomy, both of which are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. However, with the advent of endovascular techniques, recent studies have suggested that an endovascular approach to the treatment of acute smPE may be both safe and effective with excellent outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of patients who have undergone catheter directed thrombolysis (CDT) for smPE at our institution in an effort to determine the safety of the procedure...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Natacha A Agabalyan, Breanna S Borys, Holly D Sparks, Kathryn Boon, Eko W Raharjo, Sepideh Abbasi, Michael S Kallos, Jeff Biernaskie
: : Endogenous dermal stem cells (DSCs) reside in the adult hair follicle mesenchyme and can be isolated and grown in vitro as self-renewing colonies called skin-derived precursors (SKPs). Following transplantation into skin, SKPs can generate new dermis and reconstitute the dermal papilla and connective tissue sheath, suggesting they could have important therapeutic value for the treatment of skin disease (alopecia) or injury. Controlled cell culture processes must be developed to efficiently and safely generate sufficient stem cell numbers for clinical use...
September 9, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Evren Ozcinar, Nur Dikmen Yaman, Mehmet Cakici, Cagdas Baran, Mustafa B Inan, Serkan Durdu, Ahmet R Akar, Mustafa Sirlak
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-accelerated catheter-directed thrombolysis (UACDT) in the treatment of upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT). METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational cohort study of consecutive patients with acute UEDVT with low-dose UACDT using the Ekosonic® Endovascular System, EKOS Corporation, Bothell, WA, USA at a single center from September 2012 until October 2014. Overall, sixteen patients(11 males and 6 females, age range 18 to 70 years, mean age, 45...
September 7, 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Hardeep S Gambhir, Eko Raharjo, Joanne Forden, Ranjan Kumar, Chinmaya Mishra, Gui Fang Guo, Joey Grochmal, Yuval Shapira, Rajiv Midha
BACKGROUND: To optimize survival evaluation of Schwann cells (SCs) in vivo, we tested fluorescent labeling of the nucleus as an improved method of tracking and counting the transplanted SCs at sciatic nerve injury sites in rodents. We also investigated if co-administering cells with the glial growth factor Neuregulin-1 β (NRG1β) improves in vivo survival. New Method We transduced SCs using a Lentiviral vector with a nuclear localization signal (NLS) fused with mCherry and transplanted them in the sciatic nerve of rat post-crush injury (bilateral) either in the presence or absence of NRG1β in the injectate media...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Riccardo Marega, Eko Adi Prasetyanto, Carine Michiels, Luisa De Cola, Davide Bonifazi
Understanding the targeted cellular uptake of nanomaterials is an essential step to engineer and program functional and effective biomedical devices. In this respect, the targeting and ultrafast uptake of zeolite nanocrystals functionalized with Cetuximab antibodies (Ctxb) by cells overexpressing the epidermal growth factor receptor are described here. Biochemical assays show that the cellular uptake of the bioconjugate in the targeted cancer cells already begins 15 min after incubation, at a rate around tenfold faster than that observed in the negative control cells...
October 2016: Small
Julia Boix, Lisa M Sevilla, Zara Sáez, Elena Carceller, Paloma Pérez
Glucocorticoids (GCs) regulate skin homeostasis and combat cutaneous inflammatory diseases, however, adverse effects of chronic GC treatments limit their therapeutic use. GCs bind and activate the GC receptor (GR) and the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), transcription factors that recognize identical hormone responsive elements (HREs). Whether epidermal MR mediates beneficial or deleterious GC effects is of great interest for improving GC-based skin therapies. MR epidermal knock-out (MR(EKO)) mice exhibited increased keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation and showed resistance to GC-induced epidermal thinning...
July 24, 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Mohsen Marvibaigi, Neda Amini, Eko Supriyanto, Fadzilah Adibah Abdul Majid, Saravana Kumar Jaganathan, Shajarahtunnur Jamil, Javad Hamzehalipour Almaki, Rozita Nasiri
Scurrula ferruginea (Jack) Danser is one of the mistletoe species belonging to Loranthaceae family, which grows on the branches of many deciduous trees in tropical countries. This study evaluated the antioxidant activities of S. ferruginea extracts. The cytotoxic activity of the selected extracts, which showed potent antioxidant activities, and high phenolic and flavonoid contents, were investigated in human breast cancer cell line (MDA-MB-231) and non-cancer human skin fibroblast cells (HSF-1184). The activities and characteristics varied depending on the different parts of S...
2016: PloS One
Federica Fiorini, Eko Adi Prasetyanto, Francesca Taraballi, Laura Pandolfi, Francisco Monroy, Iván López-Montero, Ennio Tasciotti, Luisa De Cola
The challenge of mimicking the extracellular matrix with artificial scaffolds that are able to reduce immunoresponse is still unmet. Recent findings have shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) infiltrating into the implanted scaffold have effects on the implant integration by improving the healing process. Toward this aim, a novel polyamidoamine-based nanocomposite hydrogel is synthesized, cross-linked with porous nanomaterials (i.e., mesoporous silica nanoparticles), able to release chemokine proteins. A comprehensive viscoelasticity study confirms that the hydrogel provides optimal structural support for MSC infiltration and proliferation...
July 1, 2016: Small
Chie Iijima, Chin Piow Wong, Alfarius Eko Nugroho, Yayoi Sotozono, Saki Someya, Yusuke Hirasawa, Toshio Kaneda, A Hamid A Hadi, Hiroshi Morita
The ceramicines, a series of limonoids from Chisocheton ceramicus (Meliaceae), were evaluated for anti-melanin deposition activity on α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX)-treated B16-F10 melanoma cell, and several ceramicines were found to be active. The structure-activity relationship of ceramicines as anti-melanin deposition inhibitors was deduced. Furthermore, the mechanism of anti-melanin deposition activity of ceramicine B, a major constituent of C. ceramicus that showed potent anti-melanin deposition activity, was investigated...
October 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Félix Essiben, Pascal Foumane, Marcelle Aurelie Tsafack de Nguefack, Filbert Eko Eko, Philip Nana Njotang, Robinson Mbu Enow, Emile Telesphore Mboudou
INTRODUCTION: Intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) is recommended for malaria prevention during pregnancy. We investigated factors associated with the failure of this strategy. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study in two health care facilities in Yaounde, from 1 May 2014 to 30 April 2015. Pregnant women treated with IPTp-SP, hospitalized for malaria and having a positive Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) result (case-subjects) were compared to pregnant women treated with IPTp-SP having a negative RDT result (control-subjects)...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Sven Sindern, Martin Tremöhlen, Larissa Dsikowitzky, Lars Gronen, Jan Schwarzbauer, Tuti Hartati Siregar, Farida Ariyani, Hari Eko Irianto
Sediment geochemistry of the Jakarta region, a densely populated tropical coast, is studied - with particular focus on rivers discharging to Jakarta Bay. Weathering volcanics in the river catchment area control the composition of major elements, As, Cr and in part Cu. In contrast, Zn, Ni, Pb and partly Cu are affected by anthropogenic sources, mainly in central Jakarta City. The data reflect a high variability of local emission sources, among which metal processing industries, fertilizers or untreated animal waste may be important...
September 30, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Kei Hayashi, Madoka Ichikawa-Seki, Puttik Allamanda, Putut Eko Wibowo, Uday Kumar Mohanta, Sodirun, Azirwan Guswanto, Yoshifumi Nishikawa
Fasciola gigantica and aspermic (hybrid) Fasciola flukes are thought to be distributed in Southeast Asian countries. The objectives of this study were to investigate the distribution of these flukes from unidentified ruminants in western Java, Indonesia, and to determine their distribution history into the area. Sixty Fasciola flukes from western Java were identified as F. gigantica based on the nucleotide sequences of the nuclear phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (pepck) and DNA polymerase delta (pold) genes...
October 2016: Parasitology International
Anja Fleger-Weckmann, Yasemin Üstün, Jennifer Kloepper, Ralf Paus, Wilhelm Bloch, Zu-Lin Chen, Jeannine Wegner, Lydia Sorokin, Lutz Langbein, Beate Eckes, Paola Zigrino, Thomas Krieg, Roswitha Nischt
Laminins are the most abundant non-collagenous basement membrane (BM) components, composed of an α, β and γ chain. The laminin γ1 chain, encoded by LAMC1, is the most abundant γ chain. The main laminin isoforms in the dermo-epidermal junction (DEJ) are laminin-332, laminin-511 and laminin-211, the latter being restricted to the lower part of hair follicles (HFs). Complete deletion of LAMC1 results in lethality around embryonic day 5.5. To study the function of laminin γ1 containing isoforms in skin development and maturation after birth, we generated mice lacking LAMC1 expression in basal keratinocytes (LAMC1(EKO)) using the keratin 14 (K14) Cre/loxP system...
May 24, 2016: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Pimlapas Leekitcharoenphon, Ibrahim Raufu, Mette T Nielsen, Birthe S Rosenqvist Lund, James A Ameh, Abdul G Ambali, Gitte Sørensen, Simon Le Hello, Frank M Aarestrup, Rene S Hendriksen
Twenty-six Salmonella enterica serovar Eko isolated from various sources in Nigeria were investigated by whole genome sequencing to identify the source of human infections. Diversity among the isolates was observed and camel and cattle were identified as the primary reservoirs and the most likely source of the human infections.
2016: PloS One
Immanuel Sanka, Eko Agus Suyono, Adolfo Rivero-Müller, Parvez Alam
UNLABELLED: This paper elucidates the unique setal morphology of the decorator crab Tiarinia cornigera, and further presents evidence to that setal morphology promotes micro-organism nucleation and adhesion. The carapace of this crab is covered by clusters of setae, each comprising a hollow acicular stem that is enveloped by a haystack-like structure. Using computational fluid dynamics, we find that these setae are responsible for manipulating water flow over the carapace surface. Micro-organisms in the sea water, nest in areas of flow stagnation and as a result, nucleate to and biofoul the setae by means of chemical adhesion...
September 1, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Saim Sag, Omer Fatih Nas, Aysel Aydin Kaderli, Bulent Ozdemir, İbrahim Baran, Cuneyt Erdoğan, Sumeyye Gullulu, Bahattin Hakyemez, Ali Aydinlar
The treatment options for high risk acute pulmonary embolism (PE) patients with failed systemic thrombolytic treatment (STT) is limited. The clinical use of catheter directed thrombolysis with the EkoSonic Endovascular System (EKOS) in this population has not been evaluated before. Catheter directed thrombolysis is an effective treatment modality for high risk PE patients with failed STT. Thirteen consecutive patients with failed STT were included in the study. EKOS catheters were placed and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) in combination with unfractionated heparin were given...
October 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Atsushi Nishida, Sato Yasuno, Atsuko Takeuchi, Hiroyuki Awano, Tomoko Lee, Emma Tabe Eko Niba, Takahiro Fujimoto, Kyoko Itoh, Yasuhiro Takeshima, Hisahide Nishio, Masafumi Matsuo
The dystrophin gene consists of 79 exons and encodes tissue-specific isoforms. Mutations in the dystrophin gene cause Duchenne muscular dystrophy, of which a substantial proportion of cases are complicated by non-progressive mental retardation. Abnormalities of Dp71, an isoform transcribed from a promoter in intron 62, are a suspected cause of mental retardation. However, the roles of Dp71 in human brain have not been fully elucidated. Here, we characterized dystrophin in human HEK293 cells with the neuronal lineage...
September 2016: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Aruna Priyadharshni Subramanian, Saravana Kumar Jaganathan, Mahitosh Mandal, Eko Supriyanto, Ida Idayu Muhamad
AIM: To investigate the inhibitory action of diet-derived phenolic compound gallic acid (GA) against HCT-15 colon cancer cells. METHODS: The antiproliferative effect of GA against colon cancer cells was determined by performing thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The colony forming ability of GA treated colon cancer cells was evaluated using the colony forming assay. The cell cycle changes induced by GA in HCT-15 cells were analyzed by propidium iodide staining...
April 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
K Kuntaman, Usman Hadi, Firman Setiawan, Eko Budi Koendori, Musofa Rusli, Dewi Santosaningsih, Juliette Severin, Henri A Verbrugh
Epidemiological data of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carriage in Indonesian hospitals are still scarce. These data are required for health management of infectious diseases in order to control hospital MRSA. The carriage rate of MRSA in nose and throat of patients on admission to Dr Soetomo Hospital Surabaya, Indonesia was 8.1% of 643 patients, 5.4% from throat, 3.9% from nose and 1.2% from both sites. Prevalence of MRSA among patients admitted to surgical and non-surgical ward was not different (8...
January 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
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