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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812247/towards-robot-assisted-echocardiographic-monitoring-in-catheterization-laboratories-usability-centered-manipulator-for-transesophageal-echocardiography
#1
Christina Pahl, Henning Ebelt, Mostafa Sayahkaraji, Eko Supriyanto, Amiliana Soesanto
This paper proposes a robotic Transesophageal Echocardiography (TOE) system concept for Catheterization Laboratories. Cardiovascular disease causes one third of all global mortality. TOE is utilized to assess cardiovascular structures and monitor cardiac function during diagnostic procedures and catheter-based structural interventions. However, the operation of TOE underlies various conditions that may cause a negative impact on performance, the health of the cardiac sonographer and patient safety. These factors have been conflated and evince the potential of robot-assisted TOE...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761837/human-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-cell-reactions-to-316l-stainless-steel-an-in-vitro-study-on-cell-viability-and-interleukin-6-expression
#2
Iwan Budiwan Anwar, Asep Santoso, Eko Saputra, Rifky Ismail, J Jamari, Emile Van der Heide
Purpose: Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal cell (hBMC) reactions to 316L stainless steel (316L-SS) have never been evaluated. The objective of this study was to assess cell viability and interleukin-6 expression of hBMC cultures upon treatment with a 316L-SS implant. Methods: A cytotoxicity analysis was conducted with a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol 2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium (MTT) assay after a period of 24, 48 and 72 hours of incubation. Expression of interleukin-6 was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743779/treatment-of-pulmonary-embolism-with-argatroban-and-ultrasound-assisted-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-with-alteplase-in-a-patient-with-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia
#3
Brittany T Bethea, John W Elliot, John B Richardson, Mustafa I Ahmed
PURPOSE: Successful ultrasound-assisted catheter-directed thrombolysis (USAT) with low-dose alteplase and argatroban in a patient with bilateral pulmonary embolism (PE) secondary to heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is reported. SUMMARY: HIT is a life-threatening complication associated with a high risk of thromboembolism. Systemic anticoagulation for the treatment of thrombosis may not be sufficient in the presence of PE. Catheter-directed treatment may be indicated in patients with PE and associated right ventricular dysfunction...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734084/thrombolysis-for-pulmonary-embolism-using-the-superficial-veins-of-the-upper-extremity
#4
Joseph Kusick, Judd Salamat, Kintur Sanghvi
This report describes a novel approach of accessing the superficial veins of the upper extremity for the treatment of pulmonary emboli (PE) with an ultrasound enhanced thrombolytic infusion catheter. In a patient suffering from saddle PE and impending right heart failure, separate basilic and cephalic venous access sites in the right arm were utilized to insert EKOS EndoWave Infusion Catheter (EKOS Corporation, Bothell, WA) insertion in each pulmonary artery (PA). This technique could be advantageous, particularly for patients at high risk for access site complications and those unable to lie supine for prolonged duration of infusion therapy...
July 22, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724851/potential-risk-of-viral-transmission-from-flying-foxes-to-domestic-animals-and-humans-on-the-southern-coast-of-west-java-indonesia
#5
Chaerul Basri, Eko Muhammad Zainal Arifin, Hitoshi Takemae, Yupadee Hengjan, Keisuke Iida, Etih Sudarnika, Abdul Zahid, Retno Damayanti Soejoedono, Heru Susetya, Bambang Sumiarto, Ryosuke Kobayashi, Srihadi Agungpriyono, Eiichi Hondo
Flying foxes have been considered to be involved in the transmission of serious infectious diseases to humans. Using questionnaires, we aimed to determine the direct and/or indirect contacts of flying foxes in an Indonesian nature conservation area with domestic animals and humans living in the surrounding area. We surveyed 150 residents of 10 villages in West Java. Villages were classified into 3 groups: inside and/or within 1 km from the outer border of the conservation area and 1-5 km or 5-10 km away from the reserve's outer border...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680581/endothelial-follistatin-like-1-regulates-the-postnatal-development-of-the-pulmonary-vasculature-by-modulating-bmp-smad-signaling
#6
Navessa P Tania, Harm Maarsingh, I Sophie T Bos, Andrea Mattiotti, Stuti Prakash, Wim Timens, Quinn D Gunst, Luis J Jimenez-Borreguero, Martina Schmidt, Maurice J B van den Hoff, Reinoud Gosens
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling regulates vascular smooth muscle maturation, endothelial cell proliferation, and tube formation. The endogenous BMP antagonist Follistatin-like 1 (Fstl1) is highly expressed in pulmonary vascular endothelium of the developing mouse lung, suggesting a role in pulmonary vascular formation and vascular homeostasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Fstl1 in the pulmonary vascular endothelium. To this aim, Fstl1 was conditionally deleted from endothelial and endothelial-derived cells using Tie2-cre driven Fstl1-KO mice (Fstl1-eKO mice)...
March 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660462/fabrication-and-characterization-of-chitosan-nanoparticles-and-collagen-loaded-polyurethane-nanocomposite-membrane-coated-with-heparin-for-atrial-septal-defect-asd-closure
#7
Eva Kaiser, Saravana Kumar Jaganathan, Eko Supriyanto, Manikandan Ayyar
Atrial septal defect (ASD) constitutes 30-40% of all congenital heart diseases in adults. The most common complications in the treatment of ASD are embolization of the device and thrombosis formation. In this research, an occluding patch was developed for ASD treatment using a well-known textile technology called electrospinning. For the first time, a cardiovascular occluding patch was fabricated using medical grade polyurethane (PU) loaded with bioactive agents namely chitosan nanoparticles (Cn) and collagen (Co) which is then coated with heparin (Hp)...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647349/inhibitor-of-apoptosis-proteins-iaps-limit-ripk1-mediated-skin-inflammation
#8
H Anderton, J A Rickard, G A Varigos, N Lalaoui, J Silke
Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins (IAPs) are critical regulators of cell death and survival pathways. Mice lacking cellular IAP (cIAP) 1 and either cIAP2 or X-linked IAP (XIAP) die in utero, and myeloid lineage-specific deletion of all IAPs causes sterile inflammation, but their role in the skin is unknown. We generated epidermal-specific IAPs deficient mice and found that combined genetic deletion of cIAP1 in keratinocytes and ubiquitous cIAP2 deletion (cIap1(EKO/EKO).cIap2(-/-)) caused profound skin inflammation and keratinocyte death, lethal by post-partum day 10...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606156/expression-of-mrna-il-17f-and-sil-17f-in-atopic-asthma-patients
#9
Mochammad Hatta, Eko E Surachmanto, Andi Asadul Islam, Syarifuddin Wahid
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of airway that involves many cells and elements. Chronic inflammation caused by increase Airway hyperresponsiveness that cause recurrent episodic symptoms of breathlessness, wheezing, chest tightness and coughing, especially at night or early morning. Interleukin 17F is a cytokine that plays an important role in the pathophysiology of asthma attacks. Some studies show a variety of IL-17F roles in the pathogenesis of airway inflammation due to an allergic reaction...
June 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589225/characterization-of-the-newly-isolated-%C3%AF-oxidizing-yeast-candida-sorbophila-ds02-and-its-potential-applications-in-long-chain-dicarboxylic-acid-production
#10
Heeseok Lee, Yohanes Eko Chandra Sugiharto, Seunghoon Lee, Gyuyeon Park, Changpyo Han, Hyeran Jang, Wooyoung Jeon, Heejoon Park, Jungoh Ahn, Kyungbo Kang, Hongwoen Lee
α, ω-Dicarboxylic acids (DCAs) are multipurpose chemicals widely used in polymers, perfumes, plasticizers, lubricants, and adhesives. The biotransformation of DCAs from alkanes and fatty acids by microorganisms has attracted recent interest, since synthesis via chemical oxidation causes problems in terms of the environment and safety. We isolated an ω-oxidizing yeast from a wastewater disposal facility of a petrochemical factory by chemostat enrichment culture. The haploid strain identified as Candida sorbophila DS02 grew on glucose and dodecane, exhibiting greater cell shrinkage on the latter...
June 6, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579198/considerations-for-initiating-a-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitor-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-using-insulin
#11
REVIEW
Vincent C Woo, Lori D Berard, Harpreet S Bajaj, Jean-Marie Ekoé, Peter A Senior
In order to meet and maintain glycemic control, pharmacological management of individuals with type 2 diabetes typically begins with metformin followed by the introduction of other oral antihyperglycemic agents as needed. In some patients, the aggressive and progressive degeneration of pancreatic β cell activity means insulin therapy will become a given. The need to routinely monitor blood glucose levels coupled with the undesirable effects associated with insulin-primarily hypoglycemia and weight gain-commonly contribute to physician and patient inertia...
May 31, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578200/the-effects-of-diatom-pore-size-on-the-structures-and-extensibilities-of-single-mucilage-molecules
#12
Immanuel Sanka, Eko Agus Suyono, Parvez Alam
Diatoms secrete extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), or mucilage, around the cell wall that may serve to aid in motility and form a discrete layer that may help maintain thicker layers of EPS that have a greater role in adhesion. Mucilage molecules adhere to the diatom frustules, which are biosilica skeletons that develop from the diatom cell walls. Here, molecular dynamics methods were used to determine the characteristics of mucilage molecules as a function of pore size; notably 1,4-α-D-galacturonic acid, 1,4-β-glucuronic acid and 1,4-β-D-mannuronic acid...
May 26, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570663/rectal-administration-of-a-chlamydial-subunit-vaccine-protects-against-genital-infection-and-upper-reproductive-tract-pathology-in-mice
#13
Roshan Pais, Yusuf Omosun, Qing He, Uriel Blas-Machado, Carolyn Black, Joseph U Igietseme, Kohtaro Fujihashi, Francis O Eko
In this study, we tested the hypothesis that rectal immunization with a VCG-based chlamydial vaccine would cross-protect mice against heterologous genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection and Chlamydia-induced upper genital tract pathologies in mice. Female mice were immunized with a C. trachomatis serovar D-derived subunit vaccine or control or live serovar D elementary bodies (EBs) and the antigen-specific mucosal and systemic immune responses were characterized. Vaccine efficacy was determined by evaluating the intensity and duration of genital chlamydial shedding following intravaginal challenge with live serovar E chlamydiae...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546788/dmd-transcripts-in-crl-2061-rhabdomyosarcoma-cells-show-high-levels-of-intron-retention-by-intron-specific-pcr-amplification
#14
Emma Tabe Eko Niba, Ryo Yamanaka, Abdul Qawee Mahyoob Rani, Hiroyuki Awano, Masaaki Matsumoto, Hisahide Nishio, Masafumi Matsuo
BACKGROUND: The DMD gene encoding dystrophin is mutated in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a fatal progressive muscle wasting disease. DMD has also been shown to act as a tumor suppressor gene. Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a mesodermal sarcoma that shares characteristics of skeletal muscle precursors. Products of the DMD gene in RMS have not yet been fully clarified. Here, DMD products were analyzed in CRL-2061 cells established from alveolar RMS. METHODS: The 14-kb long DMD cDNA was PCR amplified as 20 separated fragments, as were nine short intron regions...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525970/the-immunoregulatory-role-of-alpha-enolase-in-dendritic-cell-function-during-chlamydia-infection
#15
Khamia Ryans, Yusuf Omosun, Danielle N McKeithen, Tankya Simoneaux, Camilla C Mills, Nathan Bowen, Francis O Eko, Carolyn M Black, Joseph U Igietseme, Qing He
BACKGROUND: We have previously reported that interleukin-10 (IL-10) deficient dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen presenting cells that induced elevated protective immunity against Chlamydia. To further investigate the molecular and biochemical mechanism underlying the superior immunostimulatory property of IL-10 deficient DCs we performed proteomic analysis on protein profiles from Chlamydia-pulsed wild-type (WT) and IL-10(-/-) DCs to identify differentially expressed proteins with immunomodulatory properties...
May 19, 2017: BMC Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522225/genetic-screening-of-spinal-muscular-atrophy-using-a-real-time-modified-cop-pcr-technique-with-dried-blood-spot-dna
#16
Mawaddah Ar Rochmah, Nur Imma Fatimah Harahap, Emma Tabe Eko Niba, Kenta Nakanishi, Hiroyuki Awano, Ichiro Morioka, Kazumoto Iijima, Toshio Saito, Kayoko Saito, Poh San Lai, Yasuhiro Takeshima, Atsuko Takeuchi, Yoshihiro Bouike, Maya Okamoto, Hisahide Nishio, Masakazu Shinohara
BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a common neuromuscular disorder caused by mutations in SMN1. More than 95% of SMA patients carry homozygous SMN1 deletion. SMA is the leading genetic cause of infant death, and has been considered an incurable disease. However, a recent clinical trial with an antisense oligonucleotide drug has shown encouraging clinical efficacy. Thus, early and accurate detection of SMN1 deletion may improve prognosis of many infantile SMA patients. METHODS: A total of 88 DNA samples (37 SMA patients, 12 carriers and 39 controls) from dried blood spots (DBS) on filter paper were analyzed...
May 15, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499625/range-of-motion-simulation-of-hip-joint-movement-during-salat-activity
#17
J Jamari, Iwan Budiwan Anwar, Eko Saputra, Emile van der Heide
BACKGROUND: Impingement of an artificial hip joint because of limited range of motion (RoM) during human activity is one of the main sources of hip joint failure. The aim of this article is to simulate the RoMs of hip joints during salat, the practice of formal worship in Islam. METHODS: Salat consists of several stages which can be represented with a cycle (raka'ah). Every raka'ah consists of standing, bowing (ruku'), straightening up (i'tidal), transition of standing toward prostrating, prostrating (sujud), and sitting...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496012/daytime-behavior-of-pteropus-vampyrus-in-a-natural-habitat-the-driver-of-viral-transmission
#18
Yupadee Hengjan, Didik Pramono, Hitoshi Takemae, Ryosuke Kobayashi, Keisuke Iida, Takeshi Ando, Supratikno Kasmono, Chaerul Basri, Yuli Sulistya Fitriana, Eko M Z Arifin, Yasushige Ohmori, Ken Maeda, Srihadi Agungpriyono, Eiichi Hondo
Flying foxes, the genus Pteropus, are considered viral reservoirs. Their colonial nature and long flight capability enhance their ability to spread viruses quickly. To understand how the viral transmission occurs between flying foxes and other animals, we investigated daytime behavior of the large flying fox (Pteropus vampyrus) in the Leuweung Sancang conservation area, Indonesia, by using instantaneous scan sampling and all-occurrence focal sampling. The data were obtained from 0700 to 1700 hr, during May 11-25, 2016...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474655/fibrinolytic-administration-via-ekos-catheter-used-in-pulmonary-embolism
#19
Alana James, Satyam Veean, Jayanth H Keshavamurthy, Gyanendra Sharma
A 69-year old bed-bound woman presented with chest pain and diaphoresis. Diagnostic imaging led to the diagnosis of bilateral extensive pulmonary emboli extending into all segmental branches. Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) was administered via 2 separate EKOS catheters. Repeat evaluation after 33 hours revealed improvement of right ventricular size and function. EKOS catheters are useful for administration of fibrinolytics in pulmonary embolism.
May 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467355/atg7-regulates-brain-angiogenesis-via-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-dependent-il-6-production
#20
Shi-Fang Zhuang, Dong-Xin Liu, Hui-Jie Wang, Shu-Hong Zhang, Jia-Yi Wei, Wen-Gang Fang, Ke Zhang, Liu Cao, Wei-Dong Zhao, Yu-Hua Chen
The formation of brain vasculature is an essential step during central nervous system development. The molecular mechanism underlying brain angiogenesis remains incompletely understood. The role of Atg7, an autophagy-related protein, in brain angiogenesis was investigated in this study. We found that the microvessel density in mice brains with endothelial-specific knockout of Atg7 (Atg7 EKO) was significantly decreased compared to wild-type control. Consistently, in vitro angiogenesis assays showed that Atg7 knockdown impaired angiogenesis in brain microvascular endothelial cells...
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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