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long noncoding Rnas

Ning Wang, Yanan Zhu, Min Xie, Lintao Wang, Feiyan Jin, Yihui Li, Qingxin Yuan, Wei De
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The main pathogenic mechanism of diabetes is a decrease in the number of islet beta cells or a decline in their function. Recent studies have shown that pancreatic long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have a high degree of tissue specificity and may be involved in the maintenance of islet cells function and the development of diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular regulatory mechanism of mouse maternal expressed gene 3 (Meg3) in insulin biosynthesis in pancreatic islets...
March 6, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Ye-Fen Lu, Xue-Li Cai, Zheng-Zheng Li, Jing Lv, Yi-An Xiang, Jian-Jun Chen, Wei-Jing Chen, Wei-Yan Sun, Xiu-Mei Liu, Jian-Bo Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently emerged as novel and potentially promising therapeutic targets in various cancers. However, the expression pattern and biological function of lncRNAs in glioma remain largely elusive. In the present study, we investigated the functional role of an lncRNA, small nucleolar RNA host gene 16 (SNHG16), in glioma. METHODS: The expression levels of SNHG16 and miR-4518 were measured using qRT-PCR. The relationship between the levels of SNHG16 and clinicopathologic features were statically analyzed...
March 6, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Libin Wang, Feng Wang, Li Na, Jingjing Yu, Liya Huang, Zhi-Qiang Meng, Zhen Chen, Hao Chen, Liu-Lu Ming, Yong-Qiang Hua
BACKGROUND: Recent study revealed that abnormal long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) expression are association with chemotherapy resistance of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of lncRNA AB209630 expression for gemcitabine resistance in PDAC cells. METHODS: In the study, increased expression of lncRNA AB209630 could suppress cell proliferation and cell colony formation ability in gemcitabine resistance cells of PDAC...
February 28, 2018: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Hongwei Ma, Tianshi Ma, Miao Chen, Zigui Zou, Zhihong Zhang
Pseudogenes were once regarded as transcriptionally inactive and without specific molecular function. However, current evidence shows that pseudogene-derived long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) may be crucial regulators of human cancer development, including gastric cancer (GC). In this study, we report that a pseudogene-derived lncRNA named SFTA1P, which is 693-nucleotide-long, was significantly downregulated in GC tissues compared to that in the adjacent normal tissues. In addition, decreased SFTA1P expression was strongly correlated with advanced TNM stage, larger tumor size, lymphatic metastasis, and poor prognosis of patients with GC...
March 9, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Genglong Zhu, Xialei Liu, Yonghui Su, Fangen Kong, Xiaopeng Hong, Zhidong Lin
Liver cancer is one of the most common malignancies in the world with a leading cause of cancer-related mortality. Accumulating evidences have highlighted the critical role of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in various cancers. The present study aimed to explore the role of lncRNA urothelial carcinoma associated 1 (UCA1) in cell growth and migration in MHCC97 cells and its underlying mechanism. Firstly, we assessed the expression of UCA1 in MHCC97 and other three cell lines by qRT-PCR. Then, the expression of UCA1, miR-301a and CXCR4 in MHCC97 cells were altered by transient transfection...
March 9, 2018: Oncology Research
Kuo-Wang Tsai, Yi-Hao Lo, Hsuan Liu, Chung-Yu Yeh, You-Zuo Chen, Chao-Wen Hsu, Wei-Shone Chen, Jui-Ho Wang
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers and causes of cancer-related death worldwide. In patients with CRC, metastasis is a crucial problem that leads to treatment failure and is the primary cause of the lethality of colon cancer. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently emerged as critical molecules in the development, cell growth, apoptosis, and metastasis of CRC. METHOD: We investigated the transcriptome profiles of human lncRNAs in the primary tumor tissues and in the corresponding normal mucosa of two patients with CRC by using a microarray approach...
March 10, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Siyi Xu, Jing Sui, Sheng Yang, Yufeng Liu, Yan Wang, Geyu Liang
Cutaneous melanoma (CM) is the most malignant tumor of skin cancers because of its rapid development and high mortality rate. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which play essential roles in the tumorigenesis and metastasis of CM and interplay with microRNAs (miRNAs) and mRNAs, are hopefully considered to be efficient biomarkers to detect deterioration during the progression of CM to improve the prognosis. Bioinformatics analysis was fully applied to predict the vital lncRNAs and the associated miRNAs and mRNAs, which eventually constructed the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network to explain the RNA expression patterns in the progression of CM...
March 9, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Guangyang Yu, Gang Liu, Dongtang Yuan, Jian Dai, Yin Cui, Xiaoming Tang
Aim: Increasing evidence has shown that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) ANRIL may function as oncogenes in various types of malignancies. However, there is still a lack of knowledge concerning its role in osteosarcoma (OS). In this study, we aimed to investigate the influence of ANRIL on cell proliferation and invasion of OS and to determine its association with clinicopathological features of the patients. Methods: The tumor specimens and the adjacent normal tissues were collected from 57 OS patients and the expression level of ANRIL was quantified by RT-qPCR...
June 2018: Journal of Bone Oncology
Daniel M Dayeh, Bradley C Kruithoff, Kotaro Nakanishi
Some gene transcripts have cellular functions as regulatory noncoding RNAs. For example, ~23 nucleotide (nt)-long small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are loaded into Argonaute proteins. The resultant ribonucleoprotein assembly, the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), cleaves RNAs that are extensively base-paired with the loaded siRNA. To date, base complementarity is recognized as the major determinant of specific target cleavage (or slicing), but little is known about how Argonaute inspects base pairing before cleavage...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ji Heon Noh, Kyoung Mi Kim, Waverly G McClusky, Kotb Abdelmohsen, Myriam Gorospe
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides found throughout the cell that lack protein-coding function. Their functions are closely linked to their interaction with RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) and nucleic acids. Nuclear lncRNAs have been studied extensively, revealing complexes with structural and regulatory roles that enable gene organization and control transcription. Cytoplasmic lncRNAs are less well understood, but accumulating evidence indicates that they also form complexes with diverse structural and regulatory functions...
March 8, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. RNA
Lei Gu, Lie-Sheng Lu, Dong-Lei Zhou, Zhong-Chen Liu
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as regulators in a variety of biological processes, including carcinogenesis in human cancer. UCA1 has been reported to be upregulated in gastric cancer (GC); however, the underlying functional roles of UCA1 in GC have not been established. In the current study, we showed that UCA1 is significantly higher in GC tissues and cells compared with adjacent normal tissues and a gastric epithelium cell line, respectively. Higher UCA1 expression was associated with lymph node metastasis, TNM stage, and poor overall survival (OS) in GC patients...
March 8, 2018: Cancer Medicine
S Li, X Liu, H Li, H Pan, A Acharya, Y Deng, Y Yu, R Haak, J Schmidt, G Schmalz, D Ziebolz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical and complex roles in regulating various biological processes of periodontitis. This bioinformatic study aims to construct a putative competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network by integrating lncRNA, miRNA and mRNA expression, based on high-throughput RNA sequencing and microarray data about periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 1 miRNA and 3 mRNA expression profiles were obtained to construct the lncRNA-associated ceRNA network...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
Juan Liu, Kun-Shan Zhang, Bin Hu, Si-Guang Li, Qing Li, Yu-Ping Luo, Yang Wang, Zhi-Feng Deng
Although extensive studies have identified large number of microRNAs (miRNAs) and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in ischemic stroke, the RNA regulation network response to focal ischemia remains poorly understood. In this study, we simultaneously interrogate the expression profiles of lncRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs changes during focal ischemia induced by transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. A set of 1924 novel lncRNAs were identified and may involve brain injury and DNA repair as revealed by coexpression network analysis...
2018: BioMed Research International
Zhe Wang, Bingbing Li, Yongsheng Li, Xiaoqiao Zhai, Yanpeng Dong, Minjie Deng, Zhenli Zhao, Yabing Cao, Guoqiang Fan
Paulownia is a tree native to China, with important ecological and economic value. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to play important roles in eukaryotic gene regulation. However, no lncRNAs have been reported in Paulownia so far. We performed RNA sequencing of two Paulownia tomentosa lncRNA libraries constructed from the terminal buds of normal untreated seedlings and 60 mg L-1 MMS-treated seedlings, and obtained a total of 2531 putative lncRNAs. The average length of the lncRNA transcripts was much less than the average length of the mRNA transcripts in the P...
March 2018: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
Xiaojuan Xu, Mengmeng Guo, Na Zhang, Shoudong Ye
Although long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as new modulators in the fate decision of pluripotent stem cells, the functions of specific lncRNAs remain unclear. Here, we found that telomeric RNA (TERRA or TelRNA), one type of lncRNAs, is highly expressed in mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs), but declines significantly upon differentiation. TERRA is induced by the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and can reproduce its self-renewal-promoting effect when overexpressed. Further studies revealed that TCF3 is a potential downstream target of TERRA and mediates the effect of TERRA in mESC maintenance...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Rong Liu, Xiaoxing Liao, Xin Li, Hongyan Wei, Qing Liang, Zuopeng Zhang, Meixian Yin, Xiaoyun Zeng, Zijing Liang, Chunlin Hu
To investigate long noncoding (lnc)-RNA and mRNA expression profiles in post‑cardiac arrest (CA) brains, an external transthoracic electrical current was applied for 8 min to induce CA (the CA group). A total of 4 rats received sham-operations and served as the blank control (BC) group. Upon return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), lncRNA and mRNA expression in the rat cerebral cortex was assayed with high‑throughput Agilent lncRNA and mRNA microarrays. In total, 37 lncRNAs were upregulated and 21 lncRNAs were downregulated in the CA group, and 258 mRNA transcripts were differentially expressed with 177 mRNAs upregulated and 81 mRNAs downregulated in the CA group...
March 7, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jian-Hua Xu, Wei-Hua Chang, Hang-Wei Fu, Tao Yuan, Ping Chen
Research advances and analysis in the non‑protein coding part of the human genome have suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs) and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are associated with tumor initiation, growth and metastasis. Accumulating studies have demonstrated that a class of miRNAs and lncRNAs are dysregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and closely associated with tumorigenesis, diagnosis and prognosis. In the present study, integrative analysis of published data on multi‑level Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and a bioinformatics computational approach were used to predict regulatory mechanism networks among differentially expressed mRNAs, miRNAs, and lncRNAs...
March 7, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Wan-Cheng Xiong, Na Han, Nan Wu, Ke-Lei Zhao, Chen Han, Hui-Xin Wang, Guan-Fang Ping, Peng-Fei Zheng, Hailong Feng, Lei Qin, Peng He
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are dysregulated in many diseases. MicroRNA-101 (miR-101) functions as a tumor suppressor by directly targeting ZEB1 in various cancers. However, the potential mechanism of lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 and miR-101/ZEB1 axis in CRC remains unknown. In this study, we further investigated the potential interplay between miR-101/ZEB1 axis and lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 in colorectal cancer (CRC). Results showed that ZEB1-AS1 was upregulated in CRC tissues and cells. MiR-101 was downregulated in CRC tissues and negatively correlated with ZEB1-AS1 and ZEB1 expression levels in CRC...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
Yan Liang, Xuedan Chen, Yuanyuan Wu, Juan Li, Shixin Zhang, Kai Wang, Xingying Guan, Kang Yang, Yun Bai
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the main subtype of esophageal cancer. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are thought to play a critical role in cancer development. Recently, lncRNA CASC9 was shown to be dysregulated in many cancer types, but the mechanisms whereby this occurs remain largely unknown. In this study, we found that CASC9 was significantly upregulated in ESCC tissues, with further analysis revealing that elevated CASC9 expression was associated with ESCC prognosis and metastasis. Furthermore, we found that CASC9 knockdown significantly repressed ESCC migration and invasion in vitro and metastasis in nude mice in vivo...
March 6, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
Zhenjun Liu, Pei Zhao, Yuping Han, Song Lu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) have been reported to play important roles in tumorigenesis. In present study, we demonstrated long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) FEZF1 antisense RNA1 (FEZF1-AS1) is markedly upregulated in human lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) tissues, cell lines and associated with poor prognosis. Loss-of-function revealed that deletion of FEZF1-AS1 expression significantly inhibited the LAD cells proliferation, invasion and migration. Further studies revealed that downregulation of FEZF1-AS1 reduced mRNA and protein expression of its sense-cognate gene FEZF1 (forebrain embryonic zinc finger protein 1) in LAD cells, and vice versa...
March 6, 2018: Oncology Research
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