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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635534/exploring-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-pmdd-in-the-work-context-a-qualitative-study
#1
Claire Hardy, Jenna Hardie
This study aims to explore women's experience of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) in the workplace, and identify if organizations can do anything to help. Analysis of 15 semi-structured interviews, using an inductive thematic analysis approach, revealed the most common symptoms women experience at work include difficulty in concentrating, self-doubt, paranoia, fatigue, tearfulness, a heightened sensitivity to the environment and people, outbursts, and finding social interaction particularly difficult during this premenstrual "episode" phase...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635521/assessment-of-an-innovative-voluntary-substance-abuse-treatment-program-designed-to-replace-compulsory-drug-detention-centers-in-malaysia
#2
Farrah Khan, Archana Krishnan, Mansur A Ghani, Jeffrey A Wickersham, Jeannia J Fu, Sin How Lim, Sangeeth Kaur Dhaliwal, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: As part of an ongoing initiative by the Malaysian government to implement alternative approaches to involuntary detention of people who use drugs, the National Anti-Drug Agency has created new voluntary drug treatment programs known as Cure and Care (C&C) Centers that provide free access to addiction treatment services, including methadone maintenance therapy, integrated with social and health services. OBJECTIVES:   We evaluated early treatment outcomes and client satisfaction among patients accessing C&C treatment and ancillary services at Malaysia's second C&C Center located in Kota Bharu, Kelantan...
February 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635412/gamete-donors-reasons-for-and-expectations-and-experiences-of-registration-with-a-voluntary-donor-linking-register
#3
Eric Blyth, Marilyn Crawshaw, Lucy Frith, Olga van den Akker
This paper reports on a study of the views and experiences of 21 sperm donors and five egg donors registered with UK DonorLink (UKDL), a voluntary DNA-based contact register established to facilitate contact between adults who wish to identify and locate others to whom they are genetically related following donor conception. Specifically, the paper examines donors' reasons for searching for, or making information about themselves available to donor-conceived offspring. Their expectations of registration with UKDL, experiences of being registered and finally, the experiences of those who had contacted donor-conceived offspring and other genetic relatives are investigated...
February 21, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635190/characteristics-of-structured-physical-training-currently-provided-in-cardiac-patients-insights-from-the-exercise-training-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-etcr-italian-survey
#4
Marco Ambrosetti, Patrick Doherty, Pompilio Faggiano, Ugo Corrà, Carlo Vigorito, Dominique Hansen, Patrizio Sarto, Ana Abreu, Roberto F E Pedretti
BACKGROUND:   Uncertainty exists about current delivery levels of exercise training (ET) during Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) programmes. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate ET modalities in the real world of CR facilities in Italy. METHODS: This was an observational survey of aggregate data, collected from CR facilities on a voluntary basis. Snapshots of a single working day at a local site were made, in terms of characteristics of patients and ET programmes delivered...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628680/current-perspectives-among-u-s-dermatologists-on-chemoprevention-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-a-survey-based-study
#5
Brittany Oliver, Serena Durrani, Joel L Cohen, Adam J Friedman
<p>Introduction: Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common malignancy in the US Primary prevention of NMSC with physical photoprotective measures are often not sufficient to impact skin cancer incidence in high-risk individuals. Chemoprevention is the use of agents to prevent, suppress, and reverse carcinogenic progression. Many agents have been investigated, but preclinical and clinical studies are often inconsistent.</p> <p>Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed to assess current practices, perceptions, and general knowledge of U...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625335/provision-of-information-to-consumers-about-the-calorie-content-of-alcoholic-drinks-did-the-responsibility-deal-pledge-by-alcohol-retailers-and-producers-increase-the-availability-of-calorie-information
#6
M Petticrew, N Douglas, C Knai, N Maani Hessari, M A Durand, E Eastmure, N Mays
OBJECTIVES: Alcohol is a significant source of dietary calories and is a contributor to obesity. Industry pledges to provide calorie information to consumers have been cited as reasons for not introducing mandatory ingredient labelling. As part of the Public Health Responsibility Deal (RD) in England, alcohol retailers and producers committed to providing consumers with information on the calorie content of alcoholic drinks. This study examines what was achieved following this commitment and considers the implications for current industry commitments to provide information on alcohol calories...
May 27, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624851/acute-effects-of-constant-torque-and-constant-angle-stretching-on-the-muscle-and-tendon-tissue-properties
#7
Andreas Konrad, Francesco Budini, Markus Tilp
PURPOSE: Static stretching induces acute structural changes of the muscle-tendon unit (MTU) that are related to the intensity or duration of stretching. It has been reported that stretching with a constant torque (CT) leads to greater joint range of motion changes than stretching with a constant angle (CA). Whether or not this difference is due to different structural changes of the MTUs of the lower leg and ankle plantar flexors is not known. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of single CA and CT stretching on various muscle and tendon mechanical properties...
June 17, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619009/measuring-influenza-laboratory-capacity-use-of-a-tool-to-measure-improvements
#8
Pam Kennedy, Tricia Aden, Po Yung Cheng, Ann Moen
BACKGROUND: To collect information, identify training needs, and assist with influenza capacity building voluntary laboratory capacity assessments were conducted using a standardized tool in CDC cooperative agreement countries. To understand the usefulness of comparing results from repeat assessments and to determine if targeted training supported improvements, this paper details comparison of assessment results of conducting 17 repeat laboratory assessments between 2009 and 2013. METHODS: Laboratory assessments were conducted by SMEs in 17 laboratories (16 countries)...
June 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618095/a-qualitative-formative-evaluation-of-a-patient-centred-patient-safety-intervention-delivered-in-collaboration-with-hospital-volunteers
#9
Gemma Louch, Jane O'Hara, Mohammed A Mohammed
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that patients can meaningfully feed back to healthcare providers about the safety of their care. The PRASE (Patient Reporting and Action for a Safe Environment) intervention provides a way to systematically collect feedback from patients to support service improvement. The intervention is being implemented in acute care settings with patient feedback collected by hospital volunteers for the first time. OBJECTIVE: To undertake a formative evaluation which explores the feasibility and acceptability of the PRASE intervention delivered in collaboration with hospital volunteers from the perspectives of key stakeholders...
June 15, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615777/rumination-disorder-an-unexplained-case-of-recurrent-vomiting
#10
Bhaktishree Raha, Swapanjit Sarma, Pradeep Thilakan, Zarine Maria Punnoose
Rumination disorder or rumination syndrome is an infrequent clinical presentation reported in infants and young children as well as adults worldwide. Studies calculating prevalence and etiological considerations are very few, and the scientific literature mostly consists of anecdotal case reports and series. Awareness of this clinical entity is obscured by presentations mimicking upper gastrointestinal disorders, mostly recurrent vomiting. The repetitive, voluntary, habitual nature of this disorder is vulnerable to be missed out if not looked for specifically in the history...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610616/underutilisation-of-routinely-collected-data-in-the-hiv-programme-in-zambia-a-review-of-quantitatively-analysed-peer-reviewed-articles
#11
REVIEW
Tendai Munthali, Patrick Musonda, Paul Mee, Sehlulekile Gumede, Ab Schaap, Alwyn Mwinga, Caroline Phiri, Nathan Kapata, Charles Michelo, Jim Todd
BACKGROUND: The extent to which routinely collected HIV data from Zambia has been used in peer-reviewed published articles remains unexplored. This paper is an analysis of peer-reviewed articles that utilised routinely collected HIV data from Zambia within six programme areas from 2004 to 2014. METHODS: Articles on HIV, published in English, listed in the Directory of open access journals, African Journals Online, Google scholar, and PubMed were reviewed. Only articles from peer-reviewed journals, that utilised routinely collected data and included quantitative data analysis methods were included...
June 13, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604431/characteristics-of-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-baltimore-philadelphia-and-washington-d-c-geographic-diversity-in-socio-demographics-and-hiv-transmission-risk
#12
Danielle German, Kathleen Brady, Irene Kuo, Jenevieve Opoku, Colin Flynn, Rudy Patrick, Ju Nyeong Park, Joella Adams, Makeda Carroll, Ron Simmons, Carlton R Smith, Wendy W Davis
BACKGROUND: Baltimore, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC are geographically proximate cities with high HIV prevalence, including among black men who have sex with men (BMSM). Using data collected among BMSM in CDC's National HIV Behavioral Surveillance project, we compared socio-demographic characteristics, HIV risk behaviors, and service utilization to explore similarities and differences that could inform local and regional HIV intervention approaches. METHODS: BMSM were recruited through venue time location sampling, June-December, 2011...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599714/effects-of-moderate-alcohol-consumption-on-gene-expression-related-to-colonic-inflammation-and-antioxidant-enzymes-in-rats
#13
DawnKylee S Klarich, Jerrold Penprase, Patricia Cintora, Octavio Medrano, Danielle Erwin, Susan M Brasser, Mee Young Hong
Excessive alcohol consumption is a risk factor associated with colorectal cancer; however, some studies have reported that moderate alcohol consumption may not contribute additional risk for developing colorectal cancer while others suggest that moderate alcohol consumption provides a protective effect that reduces colorectal cancer risk. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of moderate voluntary alcohol (20% ethanol) intake on alternate days for 3 months in outbred Wistar rats on risk factors associated with colorectal cancer development...
June 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598801/improving-adolescent-access-and-services-in-a-large-primary-care-network-report-of-a-10-year-project
#14
Elizabeth M Alderman, Kim L Freeman, Katherine S Lobach
This report describes a decade long initiative to bring a unified approach and improved quality to the process and content of adolescent health care in a large and complex urban primary care network within an academic health system. The moving force was a voluntary multidisciplinary group who comprised the Montefiore Adolescent Primary Care Initiative, known as MAPCI, led by a physician subspecialist in Adolescent Medicine. A series of needs assessments formed the basis for a multipronged effort to create policies and procedures, educational activities and materials, changes in record-keeping and billing practices, and modification of staff attitudes and behavior that would enhance access and ensure confidentiality of services for the adolescent age group...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590326/assisted-hiv-partner-notification-services-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Shona Dalal, Cheryl Johnson, Virginia Fonner, Caitlin E Kennedy, Nandi Siegfried, Carmen Figueroa, Rachel Baggaley
OBJECTIVE: Despite the enormous expansion of HIV testing services (HTS), an estimated 40% of people with HIV infection remain undiagnosed. To enhance the efficiency of HTS new approaches are needed. The World Health Organization (WHO) conducted a systematic review on the effectiveness of assisted partner notification in improving HIV test uptake and diagnosis, and the occurrence of adverse events, to inform the development of normative guidelines. METHODS: We systematically searched five electronic databases through June 2016...
June 5, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588461/modulation-of-ethanol-metabolizing-enzymes-by-developmental-lead-exposure-effects-in-voluntary-ethanol-consumption
#16
Miriam B Virgolini, Mara S Mattalloni, Paula A Albrecht, Romina Deza-Ponzio, Liliana M Cancela
This review article provides evidence of the impact of the environmental contaminant lead (Pb) on the pattern of the motivational effects of ethanol (EtOH). To find a mechanism that explains this interaction, the focus of this review article is on central EtOH metabolism and the participating enzymes, as key factors in the modulation of brain acetaldehyde (ACD) accumulation and resulting effect on EtOH intake. Catalase (CAT) seems a good candidate for the shared mechanism between Pb and EtOH due to both its antioxidant and its brain EtOH-metabolizing properties...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587915/acrylfentanyl-another-new-psychoactive-drug-with-fatal-consequences
#17
Davide Guerrieri, Emma Rapp, Markus Roman, Gunilla Thelander, Robert Kronstrand
The European Nordic Countries are the most exposed to opioid-related deaths. Between April and October 2016, a series of forty lethal intoxications occurred in Sweden, in which the presence of the synthetic opioid acrylfentanyl was determined to be the main - or a contributing - cause of death. In the reported cases, the blood concentration of acrylfentanyl - mostly detected in combination with other drugs - ranged from 0.01ng/g to 5ng/g; victims were predominantly males (34 males and 6 females), and their age varied between 18 and 53 years...
May 22, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586941/-patients-are-satisfied-with-the-physician-patient-communication-a-pilot-study-applying-the-individual-clinician-feedback-questionnaire
#18
Peggy Prengel, Nina Kotte, Sunya-Lee Antoine, Michaela Eikermann, Edmund A M Neugebauer, Katja Stahl, Dawid Pieper
Aim of the study Patient-centeredness as an essential aspect of quality of patient care is becoming increasingly important. The aim of the pilot study is to gain insight into the physician-patient communication from the patient's perspective. A German questionnaire in a maximum care hospital was tested. Methods The German "Individual Clinician Feedback" questionnaire (ICF) was tested in a pilot study in the special consultation in a voluntary cohort of surgeons. In the survey period from June to August 2015, the questionnaire was given to the patient...
June 6, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585544/serotonin-modulates-a-depression-like-state-in-drosophila-responsive-to-lithium-treatment
#19
Ariane-Saskia Ries, Tim Hermanns, Burkhard Poeck, Roland Strauss
Major depressive disorder (MDD) affects millions of patients; however, the pathophysiology is poorly understood. Rodent models have been developed using chronic mild stress or unavoidable punishment (learned helplessness) to induce features of depression, like general inactivity and anhedonia. Here we report a three-day vibration-stress protocol for Drosophila that reduces voluntary behavioural activity. As in many MDD patients, lithium-chloride treatment can suppress this depression-like state in flies. The behavioural changes correlate with reduced serotonin (5-HT) release at the mushroom body (MB) and can be relieved by feeding the antidepressant 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan or sucrose, which results in elevated 5-HT levels in the brain...
June 6, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584867/utilization-and-acceptance-of-virtual-patients-in-veterinary-basic-sciences-the-vetvip-project
#20
Christin Kleinsorgen, Marta Kankofer, Zbigniew Gradzki, Mira Mandoki, Tibor Bartha, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Hassan Y Naim, Martin Beyerbach, Andrea Tipold, Jan P Ehlers
Context: In medical and veterinary medical education the use of problem-based and cased-based learning has steadily increased over time. At veterinary faculties, this development has mainly been evident in the clinical phase of the veterinary education. Therefore, a consortium of teachers of biochemistry and physiology together with technical and didactical experts launched the EU-funded project "vetVIP", to create and implement veterinary virtual patients and problems for basic science instruction. In this study the implementation and utilization of virtual patients occurred at the veterinary faculties in Budapest, Hannover and Lublin...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
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