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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735103/voluntary-activation-of-the-trapezius-muscle-in-cases-with-neck-shoulder-pain-compared-to-healthy-controls
#1
Katrine Tholstrup Bech, Camilla Marie Larsen, Gisela Sjøgaard, Andreas Holtermann, Janet L Taylor, Karen Søgaard
Subjects reporting neck/shoulder pain have been shown to generate less force during maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVC) of the shoulder muscles compared to healthy controls. This has been suggested to be caused by a pain-related decrease in voluntary activation (VA) rather than lack of muscle mass. The aim of the present study was to investigate VA of the trapezius muscle during MVCs in subjects with and without neck/shoulder pain by use of the twitch interpolation technique. Ten cases suffering from pain and ten age and gender matched, healthy controls were included in the study...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728695/alcohol-septal-ablation-for-obstructive-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-word-of-balance
#2
REVIEW
Paul Sorajja
The management of drug-refractory symptoms of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has long been debated and is primarily centered on the choice between surgical myectomy and alcohol septal ablation. Decision making in these patients requires consideration of procedural risk, expertise and efficacy, and the long-term impact on patients' survival. Although there have been numerous reports on these procedures that may help guide decision making, these data continue to be self-reported and voluntary. Greater insight into the real-world experience for these therapies and how they should be applied in practice would be gained from mandatory reporting, akin to other multidisciplinary, transcatheter-based therapies...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727079/detection-of-dietary-dna-protein-and-glyphosate-in-meat-milk-and-eggs
#3
A L Van Eenennaam, A E Young
Products such as meat, milk, and eggs from animals that have consumed genetically engineered (GE) feed are not currently subject to mandatory GE labeling requirements. Some voluntary "non-genetically modified organism" labeling has been associated with such products, indicating that the animals were not fed GE crops, as there are no commercialized GE food animals. This review summarizes the available scientific literature on the detection of dietary DNA and protein in animal products and briefly discusses the implications of mandatory GE labeling for products from animals that have consumed GE feed...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725446/sound-a-non-invasive-measure-of-cough-intensity
#4
Kai K Lee, Sergio Matos, Katie Ward, Gerrard F Rafferty, John Moxham, David H Evans, Surinder S Birring
INTRODUCTION: Cough intensity is an important determinant of cough severity reported by patients. Cough sound analysis has been widely validated for the measurement of cough frequency but few studies have validated its use in the assessment of cough strength. We investigated the relationship between cough sound and physiological measures of cough strength. METHODS: 32 patients with chronic cough and controls underwent contemporaneous measurements of voluntary cough sound, flow and oesophageal pressure...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717725/minding-the-gaps-in-cancer-pain-management-education-a-multicenter-study-of-clinical-residents-and-fellows-in-a-low-versus-high-resource-setting
#5
Charles Amoatey Odonkor, Ernest Osei-Bonsu, Oswald Tetteh, Andy Haig, Robert Samuel Mayer, Thomas J Smith
PURPOSE: Inadequate pain management training has been reported as a major cause of undertreatment of cancer pain. Yet, past research has not comprehensively compared the quality of cancer pain management education among physicians in training in high-resource countries (HRCs) with those in low-resource countries (LRCs). The purpose of this study was to examine and compare gaps in cancer pain management education among physician trainees in an HRC (United States) versus an LRC (Ghana)...
December 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714825/quadriceps-and-patient-reported-function-in-acl-reconstructed-patients-a-principal-component-analysis
#6
Grant E Norte, Jay N Hertel, Susan A Saliba, David R Diduch, Joseph M Hart
CONTEXT: Assessment of physical function for individuals after ACL reconstruction (ACL-R) is complex and warrants the use of diverse evaluation strategies. To maximize the efficiency of assessment, there is a need to identify tests that provide the most meaningful information about this population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate underlying constructs of quadriceps muscle function that uniquely describe aspects of performance in patients after ACL-R, and establish clinical thresholds for measures able to classify patients with and without ACL-R...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713597/ketamine-use-for-successful-resolution-of-post-ercp-acute-pancreatitis-abdominal-pain
#7
Suneel M Agerwala, Divya Sundarapandiyan, Garret Weber
We report a case in which a patient with intractable pain secondary to post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) acute pancreatitis is successfully treated with a subanesthetic ketamine infusion. Shortly after ERCP, the patient reported severe stabbing epigastric pain. She exhibited voluntary guarding and tenderness without distension. Amylase and lipase levels were elevated. Pain persisted for hours despite hydromorphone PCA, hydromorphone boluses, fentanyl boluses, and postprocedure anxiolytics...
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713221/heritability-of-the-affective-response-to-exercise-and-its-correlation-to-exercise-behavior
#8
Nienke M Schutte, Ineke Nederend, James J Hudziak, Meike Bartels, Eco J C de Geus
OBJECTIVES: Individual differences in adolescent exercise behavior are strongly influenced by genetic factors. The affective response to exercise is a potential source of these genetic influences. To test its role in the motivation to exercise, we estimated the heritability of the affective responses during and after exercise and the overlap with the genetic factors influencing regular voluntary exercise behavior. DESIGN: 226 twin pairs and 38 siblings completed two submaximal exercise tests on a cycle ergometer and a treadmill and a maximal exercise test on a cycle ergometer...
July 2017: Psychology of Sport and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709081/experiences-with-scramx-alcohol-monitoring-technology-in-100-alcohol-treatment-outpatients
#9
Sheila M Alessi, Nancy P Barnett, Nancy M Petry
BACKGROUND: Transdermal alcohol monitoring technology allows for new research on alcohol use disorders. This study assessed feasibility, acceptability, and adherence with this technology in the context of two clinical research trials. METHODS: Participants were the first 100 community-based alcohol treatment outpatients enrolled in randomized studies that monitored drinking with the secure continuous remote alcohol monitor (SCRAMx(®)) for 12 weeks. Study 1 participants were randomized to usual care (n=36) or usual care with contingency management incentives for treatment attendance (CM-Att; n=30)...
June 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705264/uptake-of-hiv-self-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-beijing-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Xian Long Ren, Zun You Wu, Guo Dong Mi, Jennifer McGoogan, Ke Ming Rou, Yan Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To examine HIV self-testing uptake and its determinates among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Beijing, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in Beijing, China in 2016. Participants were users of a popular Chinese gay networking application and had an unknown or negative HIV status. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine factors associated with HIV self-testing based on adjusted odds ratio (AOR) and 95% confidence interval (CI)...
June 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705181/the-impact-of-antiretroviral-therapy-on-symptom-burden-among-hiv-outpatients-with-low-cd4-count-in-rural-uganda-nested-longitudinal-cohort-study
#11
Katie Wakeham, Richard Harding, Jonathan Levin, Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi, Anatoli Kamali, David G Lalloo
BACKGROUND: Individuals with HIV have a high prevalence of physical and psychological symptoms throughout their disease course. Despite the clinical and public health implications of unresolved pain and symptoms, little is known about the effect of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) on these outcomes. This study aimed to assess the impact on symptom burden for the year after ART initiation in individuals with a CD4 count <200 cells/uL in Uganda. METHODS: HIV-infected, ART-naıve adults referred from voluntary testing and counseling services in rural Uganda for enrollment into a randomized controlled trial to test fluconazole as primary prophylaxis against cryptococcal disease were invited to complete the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-Short Form (MSAS-SF) prior to commencing ART and at two subsequent follow up visits...
July 13, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704624/a-systematic-review-of-emg-studies-in-normal-shoulders-to-inform-postoperative-rehabilitation-following-rotator-cuff-repair
#12
Peter K Edwards, Jay R Ebert, Chris Littlewood, Tim Ackland, Allan Wang
Study Design Systematic review. Background Electromyography (EMG) has previously been used to guide postoperative rehabilitation progression following rotator cuff repair, to prevent deleterious loading of early surgical repair. Objective To review the current literature investigating EMG during rehabilitation exercises in normal shoulders, to identify exercises that meet a cut point of ≤15% maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) and unlikely to result in excessive loading in the early postoperative stages...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704213/menstrual-pad-a-cervical-cancer-screening-tool-a-population-based-study-in-rural-india
#13
Atul Budukh, Vrushali Palayekar, Amita Maheshwari, Kedar Deodhar, Pallavi Purwar, Sonali Bagal, Ashok Vadigoppula, Manoj Lokhande, Nandkumar Panse, Rajesh Dikshit, Rajendra Badwe
In the rural areas of India, women generally use a piece of old cloth as a menstrual device. The aim of this study was to detect human papilloma virus (HPV) from menstrual blood on the menstrual pad and assess whether this could be a useful screening tool for cervical cancer. In Jamkhed area of rural Maharashtra, (population A), we collected menstrual pads from women who provided consent in the 30-50 year age group. The women who had provided menstrual pads underwent HC2 testing. We standardized the method for extracting DNA by PCR from the menstrual pad...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702459/a-review-of-quantitative-tools-used-to-assess-the-epidemiology-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-in-u-s-swine-farms-using-dr-morrison-s-swine-health-monitoring-program-data
#14
REVIEW
Carles Vilalta, Andreia G Arruda, Steven J P Tousignant, Pablo Valdes-Donoso, Petra Muellner, Ulrich Muellner, Moh A Alkhamis, Robert B Morrison, Andres M Perez
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) causes far-reaching financial losses to infected countries and regions, including the U.S. The Dr. Morrison's Swine Health Monitoring Program (MSHMP) is a voluntary initiative in which producers and veterinarians share sow farm PRRS status weekly to contribute to the understanding, in quantitative terms, of PRRS epidemiological dynamics and, ultimately, to support its control in the U.S. Here, we offer a review of a variety of analytic tools that were applied to MSHMP data to assess disease dynamics in quantitative terms to support the decision-making process for veterinarians and producers...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701996/aberrant-pyramidal-tract-in-comparison-with-pyramidal-tract-on-diffusion-tensor-tractography-a-mini-review
#15
REVIEW
Sungho Jang, Soyoung Kwak
The pyramidal tract (PT) is a major neural tract that controls voluntary movements in the human brain. The PT has several collateral pathways, including the aberrant pyramidal tract (APT), which passes through the medial lemniscus location at the midbrain and pons. Diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) allows visualization and estimation of the APT in three dimensions. In this mini-review, eight DTT studies on the APT were reviewed. Two studies for normal subjects reported the prevalence (17-18% of hemispheres) and the different characteristics (different cortical origin, less directionality, and fewer neural fibers) of the APT compared with the PT...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701409/what-outcomes-are-associated-with-developing-and-implementing-co-produced-interventions-in-acute-healthcare-settings-a-rapid-evidence-synthesis
#16
David Clarke, Fiona Jones, Ruth Harris, Glenn Robert
BACKGROUND: Co-production is defined as the voluntary or involuntary involvement of users in the design, management, delivery and/or evaluation of services. Interest in co-production as an intervention for improving healthcare quality is increasing. In the acute healthcare context, co-production is promoted as harnessing the knowledge of patients, carers and staff to make changes about which they care most. However, little is known regarding the impact of co-production on patient, staff or organisational outcomes in these settings...
July 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701299/modeled-changes-in-us-sodium-intake-from-reducing-sodium-concentrations-of-commercially-processed-and-prepared-foods-to-meet-voluntary-standards-established-in-north-america-nhanes
#17
Mary E Cogswell, Sheena M Patel, Keming Yuan, Cathleen Gillespie, WenYen Juan, Christine J Curtis, Michel Vigneault, Jenifer Clapp, Paula Roach, Alanna Moshfegh, Jaspreet Ahuja, Pamela Pehrsson, Lauren Brookmire, Robert Merritt
Background: Approximately 2 in 3 US adults have prehypertension or hypertension that increases their risk of cardiovascular disease. Reducing sodium intake can decrease blood pressure and prevent hypertension. Approximately 9 in 10 Americans consume excess sodium (≥2300 mg/d). Voluntary sodium standards for commercially processed and prepared foods were established in North America, but their impact on sodium intake is unclear.Objective: We modelled the potential impact on US sodium intake of applying voluntary sodium standards for foods...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701184/developing-a-community-based-psycho-social-intervention-with-older-people-and-third-sector-workers-for-anxiety-and-depression-a-qualitative-study
#18
Tom Kingstone, Heather Burroughs, Bernadette Bartlam, Mo Ray, Janine Proctor, Thomas Shepherd, Peter Bullock, Carolyn Anne Chew-Graham
BACKGROUND: One-in-five people in the UK experience anxiety and/or depression in later life. However, anxiety and depression remain poorly detected in older people, particularly in those with chronic physical ill health. In the UK, a stepped care approach, to manage common mental health problems, is advocated which includes service provision from non-statutory organisations (including third/voluntary sector). However, evidence to support such provision, including the most effective interventions, is limited...
July 12, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699620/aerodynamics-and-flow-features-of-a-damselfly-in-takeoff-flight
#19
Ayodeji Toluwanimi Bode-Oke, Samane Zeyghami, Haibo Dong
Flight initiation is fundamental for survival, escape from predators and lifting payload from one place to another in biological fliers and can be broadly classified into jumping and non-jumping takeoffs. During jumping takeoffs, the legs generate most of the initial impulse. Whereas the wings generate most of the forces in non-jumping takeoffs, which are usually voluntary, slow, and stable. It is of great interest to understand how these non-jumping takeoffs occur and what strategies insects use to generate large amount of forces required for this highly demanding flight initiation mode...
July 12, 2017: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697725/the-role-of-family-and-school-level-factors-in-bullying-and-cyberbullying-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Leonardo Bevilacqua, Nichola Shackleton, Daniel Hale, Elizabeth Allen, Lyndal Bond, Deborah Christie, Diana Elbourne, Natasha Fitzgerald-Yau, Adam Fletcher, Rebecca Jones, Alec Miners, Stephen Scott, Meg Wiggins, Chris Bonell, Russell M Viner
BACKGROUND: Bullying and cyberbullying are common phenomena in schools. These negative behaviours can have a significant impact on the health and particularly mental health of those involved in such behaviours, both as victims and as bullies. This UK study aims to investigate student-level and school-level characteristics of those who become involved in bullying and cyberbullying behaviours as victims or perpetrators. METHODS: We used data from 6667 Year 7 students from the baseline survey of a cluster randomized trial in 40 English schools to investigate the associations between individual-level and school-level variables with bullying victimization, cyberbullying perpetration, and cyberbullying victimization...
July 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
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