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Minority mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820668/mental-health-and-coping-patterns-in-jewish-gay-men-in-israel-the-role-of-dual-identity-conflict-religious-identity-and-partnership-status
#1
Moshe Zeidner, Attara Zevulun
This study examined the effects of dual identity conflict, religious identity (religious/spiritual vs. sexual), and partnership status on the coping strategies and mental health of gay Jewish men in modern Israeli society. Participants were 73 religious and 71 secular gay men recruited via email, social networking sites, and online resources targeting sexual minority men. Participants were assessed via measures of identity conflict, mental health, and coping strategies. Jewish gay men who reported more severe identity conflict also reported using less problem-focused, emotion-focused, and avoidance coping strategies and reported poorer mental health than their less identity-conflicted counterparts...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813423/health-needs-and-care-seeking-behaviours-of-yazidis-and-other-minority-groups-displaced-by-isis-into-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#2
Valeria Cetorelli, Gilbert Burnham, Nazar Shabila
BACKGROUND: During the summer of 2014, ISIS overran Nineveh governorate in Northern Iraq. Yazidis and other religious minorities were subjected to brutal attacks and forced to seek refuge into the neighbouring Kurdistan Region, where they remain living in local communities or in camps. This survey provides a population-based assessment of the health needs and care seeking behaviours of Yazidis and other groups currently residing in camps. METHODS: The survey covered 13 camps managed by the Kurdish Board of Relief and Humanitarian Affairs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812381/retrospective-review-of-sglt2-inhibitor-exposures-reported-to-13-poison-centers
#3
Scott E Schaeffer, Carol DesLauriers, Henry A Spiller, Alfred Aleguas, Salvador Baeza, Mark L Ryan
BACKGROUND: SGLT2 inhibitors are a new class of oral antidiabetics prescribed in the United States since 2013. They act by inhibiting reabsorption of glucose in the proximal convoluted tubule of the kidney, allowing excess glucose to be excreted. Little has been reported regarding effects of non-therapeutic exposure to this class of medication. METHODS: Retrospective records from 13 poison centers were examined for human exposures to SGLT2 inhibitors between 1st January 2013 and 31st December 2016...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812287/racial-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-the-usa-testing-the-reverse-racism-hypothesis
#4
Bongki Woo
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether the health disadvantages consequent of racial discrimination experienced by four racial/ethnic minority groups are equivalent with that of the dominant racial group. METHOD: Data was derived from the 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Logistic regression and heterogeneous choice models were used to test the moderating role of race/ethnicity in regards to the associations between racial discrimination and ten DSM-V diagnoses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812239/social-status-discrimination-and-minority-individuals-mental-health-a-secondary-analysis-of-us-national-surveys
#5
Celia C Lo, Tyrone C Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Our study measured minority individuals' social status factors and frequency of discrimination experiences, in order to delineate social mechanisms linking race/ethnicity to mental status (specifically, to current mood/anxiety disorder and self-rated mental health). METHODS: In this nationally representative secondary research, our data analyses drew on the cross-sectional "Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys," dating 2001-2003. The sample for the final model numbered 9368 respondents (2016 Asians, 2676 Latinos, 4676 blacks)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811733/community-partners-in-care-6-month-outcomes-of-two-quality-improvement-depression-care-interventions-in-male-participants
#6
Pratik Mehta, Anthony Brown, Bowen Chung, Felica Jones, Lingqi Tang, James Gilmore, Jeanne Miranda, Kenneth Wells
OBJECTIVE: Limited data exist on approaches to improve depression services for men in under-resourced communities. This article explores this issue using a sub-analysis of male participants in Community Partners in Care (CPIC). DESIGN: Community partnered, cluster, randomized trial. SETTING: Hollywood-Metropolitan and South Los Angeles, California. PARTICIPANTS: 423 adult male clients with modified depression (PHQ-8 score≥10)...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810382/age-moderates-the-relationship-between-source-of-social-support-and-mental-health-in-racial-minority-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-youth
#7
Anna E Wise, Brian C Smith, Aaron P Armelie, Jessica M Boarts, Douglas L Delahanty
We examined the relationship between source of social support and mental health (and the moderating impact of age) in 64 low socioeconomic status, racial minority lesbian, gay, and bisexual adolescents/young adults. Social support from family ( β = -.302, p = .03; β = -.364, p = .008), but not friends or significant others, was independently related to posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms, respectively. Family social support was associated with lower posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms in participants aged 16-19 years, while friend social support was associated with lower symptoms for participants aged over 20 years...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809613/enrolling-hiv-positive-adolescents-in-mental-health-research-a-case-study-reflecting-on-legal-and-ethical-complexities
#8
Nataly Woollett, John Peter, Lucie Cluver, Heena Brahmbhatt
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with HIV are an emerging group in the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. Mental health in this population affects HIV care, treatment, consequential morbidity and secondary transmission. There is a paucity of research regarding these youth in South Africa (SA), partly because section 71 of the National Health Act of 2003 (NHA) requires parental or guardian's consent. OBJECTIVE: To explore legal and ethical issues related to conducting adolescent mental health research in SA...
July 28, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807682/evaluation-and-treatment-of-minors
#9
REVIEW
Lee Benjamin, Paul Ishimine, Madeline Joseph, Sanjay Mehta
Many patients under the age of majority present to emergency departments (EDs) without parents or guardians. This may create concern in regard to evaluation of these patients without formal consent to treat. The Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act mandates that all patients presenting to EDs receive a medical screening examination and does not exclude these minors. Standards for who can provide consent for a patient vary from state to state and address important issues such as consent by parent surrogates, as well as adolescent emancipation, reproductive health, mental health, and substance use...
August 5, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806946/improving-access-to-mental-health-care-in-an-orthodox-jewish-community-a-critical-reflection-upon-the-accommodation-of-otherness
#10
Phil McEvoy, Tracey Williamson, Raphael Kada, Debra Frazer, Chardworth Dhliwayo, Linda Gask
BACKGROUND: The English National Health Service (NHS) has significantly extended the supply of evidence based psychological interventions in primary care for people experiencing common mental health problems. Yet despite the extra resources, the accessibility of services for 'under-served' ethnic and religious minority groups, is considerably short of the levels of access that may be necessary to offset the health inequalities created by their different exposure to services, resulting in negative health outcomes...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806734/mental-health-among-single-and-partnered-parents-in-south-korea
#11
Kyoung Ae Kong, Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806364/racial-and-ethnic-variation-in-perceptions-of-va-mental-health-providers-are-associated-with-treatment-retention-among-veterans-with-ptsd
#12
Michele Spoont, David Nelson, Michelle van Ryn, Margarita Alegria
BACKGROUND: Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who seek mental health care in the Veterans Health Administration frequently discontinue treatment prematurely. Early discontinuation of mental health treatment is more common among Veterans with PTSD who are of minority race or ethnicity. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether retention in individual therapy or pharmacotherapy among Veterans with PTSD are associated with patients' ratings of their mental health providers, and if those associations differ depending on Veteran race or ethnicity...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805304/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-mental-health-service-use-in-people-who-report-psychotic-experiences
#13
REVIEW
Vishal Bhavsar, Philip McGuire, James MacCabe, Dominic Oliver, Paolo Fusar-Poli
BACKGROUND: Self-reported psychotic experiences (PEs) are associated with psychopathology of all kinds, not just psychoses. However, systematic reviews on the relevance of this for health services are unavailable. Furthermore, whether association with service use is confounded by other psychopathology is unknown, and is relevant to prevention and treatment. OBJECTIVES: Literature examining associations between PEs and service use was systematically reviewed. Study quality and the direction and extent of any associations were assessed, and meta-analysis conducted...
August 14, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800279/more-than-a-feeling-an-empirical-analysis-of-the-dual-continua-model-on-a-national-sample-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-identified-canadians
#14
Tracey Peter
The goal of the study is to investigate whether positive mental health complements mental illness within a theoretically informed (the dual-continua model) and psychometrically tested (the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form) framework. National-level, population-based data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey on Mental Health (CCHS-MH) was used, with comparisons between sexual minority and heterosexual adults. Results show that gay, lesbian, and bisexual Canadians have substantially lower rates of positive mental health and are more likely to have been diagnosed with a mental illness, with the disparities between health and illness being the most pronounced among lesbians and bisexual females...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774669/neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-children-with-macrocephaly-a-prevalence-study-and-pten-gene-analysis
#15
Hirofumi Kurata, Kentaro Shirai, Yoshiaki Saito, Tetsuya Okazaki, Koyo Ohno, Masayoshi Oguri, Kaori Adachi, Eiji Nanba, Yoshihiro Maegaki
PURPOSE: To clarify the relationship between macrocephaly and neurodevelopmental disorders, as well as identify the prevalence of PTEN mutations in autism spectrum disorders with macrocephaly in Japan. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Diagnostic and other medical information of children with macrocephaly younger than 4years (n=93) were collected for analysis. PTEN gene mutation analysis was conducted in another set of 16 macrocephalic individuals aged 3-22years. RESULTS: Sixteen macrocephalic children were associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) (n=6), autistic traits (n=5), intellectual disability (n=5), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (n=1), developmental coordination disorders (n=1), and language disorder (n=1)...
July 31, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771482/uncoupling-protein-2-haplotype-does-not-affect-human-brain-structure-and-function-in-a-sample-of-community-dwelling-older-adults
#16
Verena Heise, Enikő Zsoldos, Sana Suri, Claire Sexton, Anya Topiwala, Nicola Filippini, Abda Mahmood, Charlotte L Allan, Archana Singh-Manoux, Mika Kivimäki, Clare E Mackay, Klaus P Ebmeier
Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) is a mitochondrial membrane protein that plays a role in uncoupling electron transport from adenosine triphosphate (ATP) formation. Polymorphisms of the UCP2 gene in humans affect protein expression and function and have been linked to survival into old age. Since UCP2 is expressed in several brain regions, we investigated in this study whether UCP2 polymorphisms might 1) affect occurrence of neurodegenerative or mental health disorders and 2) affect measures of brain structure and function...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771094/coming-out-experiences-of-hispanic-sexual-minority-young-adults-in-south-florida
#17
Karina Gattamorta, Narciso Quidley-Rodriguez
Sexual minority youth and young adults (SMYYA) have higher prevalence of mental and behavioral health problems potentially linked to experiences of discrimination, stigma, and rejection. Among Hispanics, the intersection of stressors related to being an ethnic and sexual minority may result in compounding adverse outcomes. Coming out may play an important role in experiencing discrimination, stigma, and rejection. However, limited research examines coming out among Hispanic SMYYA (HSMYYA). This qualitative study seeks to understand the coming out experiences of HSMYYA living in South Florida...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770637/many-shades-of-green-assessing-awareness-of-differences-in-mental-health-care-needs-among-subpopulations-of-military-veterans
#18
Eileen M Ahlin, Anne S Douds
The current study sought to examine access to services by various veteran subgroups: racial/ethnic minorities, females, rural populations, and LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer). Generally, the Veteran Service Officers (VSOs) interviewed for this study did not feel that these subgroups were well served by the program and treatment options presently available, and that other groups such as males and urban veterans received better access to necessary psychosocial and medical care. This research extends studies that explore overall connection to services by further demonstrating barriers to receipt of services by specific subgroups of veterans, particularly those at risk for involvement in the criminal justice system...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768370/efficacy-and-safety-of-nortriptyline-in-functional-dyspepsia-in-asians-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
Uayporn Kaosombatwattana, Supot Pongprasobchai, Julajak Limsrivilai, Monthira Maneerattanaporn, Somchai Leelakusolvong, Tawesak Tanwandee
AIMS: Current treatments of functional dyspepsia (FD) are unsatisfied. Tricyclic antidepressants alter visceral hypersensitivity and brain-gut interaction. We assessed the efficacy and safety of nortriptyline in patients with FD. METHODS: Patients diagnosed functional dyspepsia according to Rome III criteria who failed to respond to proton pump inhibitor and prokinetic treatment were randomly assigned to either once daily 10-mg nortriptyline or placebo. The primary endpoint was the rate of responders defined as a > 50% reduction in dyspepsia symptom score(DSS) after 8 weeks of treatment...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767020/personality-and-its-relation-to-mental-and-psychosocial-health-in-emerging-adult-sexual-minority-men-the-p18-cohort-study
#20
Paul A D'Avanzo, Staci C Barton, Farzana Kapadia, Perry N Halkitis
Personality disorder and personality pathology encompass a dimension of psychological dysfunction known to severely impact multiple domains of functioning. However, there is a notable dearth of research regarding both the pervasiveness and correlates of personality pathology among young sexual minority males who themselves experience heightened mental health burdens. Using the self-report version of the Standardized Assessment of Personality-Abbreviated Scale we tested associations between distinct personality characteristics with sociodemographic and psychosocial factors as well as mental health states in a sample of 528 young (aged 21-25 years) sexual minority men...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
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