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Minority mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723939/assessing-health-related-resiliency-in-hiv-latin-women-preliminary-psychometric-findings
#1
Gladys J Jimenez-Torres, Valerie Wojna, Ernesto Rosario, Rosa Hechevarría, Ada M Alemán-Batista, Miriam Ríos Matos, Alok Madan, Richard L Skolasky, Summer F Acevedo
BACKGROUND: HIV-associated vulnerabilities-especially those linked to psychological issues-and limited mental health-treatment resources have the potential to adversely affect the health statuses of individuals. The concept of resilience has been introduced in the literature to shift the emphasis from vulnerability to protective factors. Resilience, however, is an evolving construct and is measured in various ways, though rarely among underserved, minority populations. Herein, we present the preliminary psychometric properties of a sample of HIV-seropositive Puerto Rican women, measured using a newly developed health-related resilience scale...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720250/cardiovascular-disease-and-perceived-weight-racial-and-gender-discrimination-in-u-s-adults
#2
Tomoko Udo, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: To date, most research on perceived discrimination and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has examined racial discrimination although other forms of discrimination may also impact physical and mental health. The current study investigated the relationship between three forms of discrimination (weight, race, and gender) and 3-year incidence of CVD in a large national sample of U.S. adults. METHODS: 26,992 adults (55.5% women) who participated in the 2001-2002 and 2004-2005 National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) were included in this study...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720167/recovery-from-dsm-iv-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-who-world-mental-health-surveys
#3
A J Rosellini, H Liu, M V Petukhova, N A Sampson, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, J Alonso, G Borges, R Bruffaerts, E J Bromet, G de Girolamo, P de Jonge, J Fayyad, S Florescu, O Gureje, J M Haro, H Hinkov, E G Karam, N Kawakami, K C Koenen, S Lee, J P Lépine, D Levinson, F Navarro-Mateu, B D Oladeji, S O'Neill, B-E Pennell, M Piazza, J Posada-Villa, K M Scott, D J Stein, Y Torres, M C Viana, A M Zaslavsky, R C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Research on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) course finds a substantial proportion of cases remit within 6 months, a majority within 2 years, and a substantial minority persists for many years. Results are inconsistent about pre-trauma predictors. METHODS: The WHO World Mental Health surveys assessed lifetime DSM-IV PTSD presence-course after one randomly-selected trauma, allowing retrospective estimates of PTSD duration. Prior traumas, childhood adversities (CAs), and other lifetime DSM-IV mental disorders were examined as predictors using discrete-time person-month survival analysis among the 1575 respondents with lifetime PTSD...
July 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713072/link-worker-social-prescribing-to-improve-health-and-well-being-for-people-with-long-term-conditions-qualitative-study-of-service-user-perceptions
#4
Suzanne Moffatt, Mel Steer, Sarah Lawson, Linda Penn, Nicola O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: To describe the experiences of patients with long-term conditions who are referred to and engage with a Link Worker social prescribing programme and identify the impact of the Link Worker programme on health and well-being. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semistructured interviews with thematic analysis of the data. INTERVENTION: Link Worker social prescribing programme comprising personalised support to identify meaningful health and wellness goals, ongoing support to achieve agreed objectives and linkage into appropriate community services...
July 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711116/results-of-a-pilot-study-to-ameliorate-psychological-and-behavioral-outcomes-of-minority-stress-among-young-gay-and-bisexual-men
#5
Nathan Grant Smith, Trevor A Hart, Ammaar Kidwai, Julia R G Vernon, Martin Blais, Barry Adam
Project PRIDE (Promoting Resilience In Discriminatory Environments) is an 8-session small group intervention aimed at reducing negative mental and behavioral health outcomes resulting from minority stress. This study reports the results of a one-armed pilot test of Project PRIDE, which aimed to examine the feasibility and potential for efficacy of the intervention in a sample of 33 gay and bisexual men aged 18 to 25. The intervention appeared feasible to administer in two different sites and all participants who completed posttreatment (n = 22) or follow-up (n = 19) assessments reported high satisfaction with the intervention...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700299/chronic-health-conditions-and-key-health-indicators-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-older-us-adults-2013-2014
#6
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Chengshi Shui, Amanda E B Bryan
OBJECTIVES: To examine disparities in chronic conditions and health indicators among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults aged 50 years or older in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the 2013 and 2014 National Health Interview Survey to compare disparities in chronic conditions, health outcomes and behaviors, health care access, and preventive health care by sexual orientation and gender. RESULTS: LGB older adults were significantly more likely than heterosexual older adults to have a weakened immune system and low back or neck pain...
August 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693551/volunteering-and-health-benefits-in-general-adults-cumulative-effects-and-forms
#7
Jerf W K Yeung, Zhuoni Zhang, Tae Yeun Kim
BACKGROUND: Although the health benefits of volunteering have been well documented, no research has examined its cumulative effects according to other-oriented and self-oriented volunteering on multiple health outcomes in the general adult public. This study examined other-oriented and self-oriented volunteering in cumulative contribution to health outcomes (mental and physical health, life satisfaction, social well-being and depression). METHODS: Data were drawn from the Survey of Texas Adults 2004, which contains a statewide population-based sample of adults (n = 1504)...
July 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692955/ethnic-density-and-risk-of-mental-ill-health-the-case-of-religious-sectarianism-in-northern-ireland-a-population-data-linkage-study
#8
Tania J Bosqui, Aideen Maguire, Anne Kouvonen, David Wright, Michael Donnelly, Dermot O'Reilly
An ethnic group that lives in a neighbourhood in which it is in the minority, termed 'lower ethnic density,' tends to report a higher incidence of mental ill-health. This population-based study investigated for the first time the existence of an own-group density effect among Catholic and Protestant communities in Northern Ireland. The entire Northern Ireland born Catholic and Protestant working age (n = 1, 004,060) enumerated population in the 2011 Census of Northern Ireland were included in the study via administrative data-linkage methodology...
July 7, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686101/pet-dogs-as-promoters-of-wellbeing
#9
Alison While
The rise in life expectancy requires strategies to enable healthy ageing and the promotion of a high quality of life in old age. Poor mental health including depression and social isolation can blight older people's lives. Despite the positive benefits of physical activity for both mental and physical health, only a minority of those over 65 years are attaining the recommended levels of physical activity. The evidence relating to the benefits of pet dogs as promoters of wellbeing is set out in this article, although meeting their care needs may place an additional strain on an older person and/or their carer who has limited resources and physical capabilities...
July 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682089/associations-among-psychological-distress-high-risk-activism-and-conflict-between-ethnic-racial-and-sexual-minority-identities-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-racial-ethnic-minority-adults
#10
Carlos E Santos, Rachel A VanDaalen
In this brief report, we present results from a study exploring the associations of high-risk activism (HRA) orientation in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) issues; HRA orientation in racial/ethnic issues; conflicts in allegiances (CIA) between one's ethnic-racial and sexual minority identities; and anxiety among LGB racial/ethnic minority adults. A racially and ethnically diverse sample of 208 LGB racial/ethnic minority adults (age: M = 27.52, SD = 8.76) completed an online survey. Bivariate correlations showed that HRA orientation in LGB and in racial/ethnic issues, as well as CIA, were each positively associated with anxiety...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678640/alcohol-use-abuse-and-help-seeking-among-u-s-adults-the-role-of-racial-ethnic-origin-and-foreign-born-status
#11
Magdalena Szaflarski, Daniel H Klepinger, Lisa A Cubbins
We used data from Wave 1 and Wave 2 of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions to examine racial-ethnic and nativity-based variations in alcohol use/abuse and treatment seeking while accounting for acculturation, stress, and social integration factors. The dependent variables included alcohol use, risky drinking, DSM-IV alcohol use disorder, and treatment seeking in the past 12 months. Racial-ethnic categories included African, European, Asian/Pacific Islander, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678531/health-related-behaviours-mediate-the-relation-between-ethnicity-and-mental-health-in-the-netherlands
#12
Özcan Erdem, Elisa Riva, Rick G Prins, Alex Burdorf, Margot Van der Doef
OBJECTIVE: Ethnic minorities in the Netherlands experience worse (mental) health than Dutch natives. So far, socioeconomic factors, discrimination, and the migration process have been identified as underlying factors, neglecting the potential role of health-related behaviours. This study investigates the mediating effect of lack of physical activity, smoking and alcohol consumption on ethnic inequalities in (mental) health in the Netherlands. DESIGN: Data from a municipal health survey (2012) in the four largest cities in the Netherlands, including 15,633 Dutch natives, 1,297 Surinamese, 850 Turks and 779 Moroccans were analysed...
July 5, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678118/comparison-of-the-va-and-nidilrr-tbi-model-system-cohorts
#13
Risa Nakase-Richardson, Lillian Flores Stevens, Xinyu Tang, Greg J Lamberty, Mark Sherer, William C Walker, Mary Jo Pugh, Blessen C Eapen, Jacob A Finn, Mimi Saylors, Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga, Rachel Sayko Adams, Jeffrey S Garofano
OBJECTIVE: Within the same time frame, compare the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) and VA Traumatic Brain Injury Model System (TBIMS) data sets to inform future research and generalizability of findings across cohorts. SETTING: Inpatient comprehensive interdisciplinary rehabilitation facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Civilians, Veterans, and active duty service members in the VA (n = 550) and NIDILRR civilian settings (n = 5270) who were enrolled in TBIMS between August 2009 and July 2015...
July 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669316/screening-for-ptsd-symptoms-in-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-a-test-of-the-cries-8-questionnaire-in-routine-care
#14
Raziye Salari, Cariz Malekian, Linda Linck, Robert Kristiansson, Anna Sarkadi
AIMS: The dramatic increase in the number of refugees in Europe presents a major public health challenge. The limited existing evidence indicates that the mental health needs of refugees are significant; unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) constitute a particularly vulnerable group. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether a short questionnaire (Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale; CRIES-8) could be used as a screening tool for PTSD symptoms in URMs, 8-18 years old, during their routine health check-up...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669290/cost-effectiveness-of-telemedicine-based-collaborative-care-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Jacob T Painter, John C Fortney, Mark A Austen, Jeffrey M Pyne
OBJECTIVE: The study examined the cost-effectiveness of a telemedicine-based collaborative care model designed to increase rural veterans' engagement in evidence-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: The Telemedicine Outreach for PTSD (TOP) study used a pragmatic randomized effectiveness trial to examine effects of PTSD care teams located at Veterans Affairs medical centers and supporting primary care providers in satellite clinics...
July 3, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667822/effects-of-comorbid-substance-use-disorders-on-outcomes-in-a-housing-first-intervention-for-homeless-people-with-mental-illness
#16
Karen Urbanoski, Scott Veldhuizen, Michael Krausz, Christian Schutz, Julian M Somers, Maritt Kirst, Marie-Josée Fleury, Vicky Stergiopoulos, Michelle Patterson, Verena Strehlau, Paula Goering
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Evidence supports the effectiveness of Housing First (HF) programs for people who are experiencing homelessness and mental illness; however, questions remain about its use in people with comorbid substance use disorders (SUD). The aim of this project was to test whether SUD modifies the effectiveness of an HF intervention. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial of HF versus treatment-as-usual (TAU) with 24-month follow-up, comparing those with and without SUD at trial entry...
July 1, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665210/does-depression-screening-in-schools-reduce-adolescent-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-accessing-treatment
#17
Sisi Guo, Joanna J Kim, Laurel Bear, Anna S Lau
Although placing mental health services in schools increases access to care, racial/ethnic disparities persist within the scope of school-based mental health services. Universal mental health screening is a potential strategy to increase problem detection and reduce disparities in care provision. However, no study has experimentally tested the effect of universal screening on patterns of service utilization across racial groups and the potential to reduce disparities. Using a cluster randomized design, we compared service linkage patterns among 7th- and 8th-grade Asian American and Latino students (N = 2,494; Mage = 13...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650181/racial-identity-invalidation-with-multiracial-individuals-an-instrument-development-study
#18
Marisa G Franco, Karen M O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: Racial identity invalidation, others' denial of an individual's racial identity, is a salient racial stressor with harmful effects on the mental health and well-being of Multiracial individuals. The purpose of this study was to create a psychometrically sound measure to assess racial identity invalidation for use with Multiracial individuals (N = 497). METHOD: The present sample was mostly female (75%) with a mean age of 26.52 years (SD = 9.60). The most common racial backgrounds represented were Asian/White (33...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650179/political-activism-and-mental-health-among-black-and-latinx-college-students
#19
Elan C Hope, Gabriel Velez, Carly Offidani-Bertrand, Micere Keels, Myles I Durkee
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigates the utility of political activism as a protective factor against experiences of racial/ethnic (R/E) discrimination that negatively affect stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms among Black and Latinx college freshmen at predominately White institutions. METHOD: Data come from the Minority College Cohort Study, a longitudinal investigation of Black and Latinx college students (N = 504; 44% Black). We conducted multiple regression analyses for each mental health indicator and tested for interaction effects...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646481/effects-of-geography-on-mental-health-disparities-on-sexual-minorities-in-new-york-city
#20
Jacob Felson, Amy Adamczyk
Gay and lesbian individuals have higher rates of psychological distress than do heterosexual individuals. The minority stress hypothesis attributes this disparity to adversity-related stress experienced by sexual minorities. In support of this idea, research in the U.S. has generally found that mental health disparities between sexual minorities and others are narrower in places where tolerance is relatively high. However, few studies have examined disparities between sexual minorities and others in neighborhoods where sexual minorities are most highly concentrated...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
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