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Minority mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314455/multicultural-developmental-experiences-implications-for-resilience-in-transitional-age-youth
#1
REVIEW
Deborah Rivas-Drake, Gabriela Livas Stein
Transitional age youth were born into a world that is becomingly increasingly diverse. Youth who are ethnic or racial minorities encounter cultural stressors, including acculturative stress and discrimination that undermine their health and mental health. Decades of research demonstrate that cultural assets can serve as risk-reducing and resilience-enhancing mechanisms among minority and immigrant youth. Cultural assets include the development of a healthy ethnic-racial identity and maintenance of cultural values...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314060/-these-power-lines-make-me-ill-a-typology-of-residents-health-responses-to-a-new-high-voltage-power-line
#2
Jarry T Porsius, Liesbeth Claassen, Fred Woudenberg, Tjabe Smid, Danielle R M Timmermans
Little attention has been devoted to the potential diversity in residents' health responses when exposed to an uncertain environmental health risk. The present study explores whether subgroups of residents respond differently to a new high-voltage power line (HVPL) being put into operation. We used a quasi-experimental prospective field study design with two pretests during the construction of a new HVPL, and two posttests after it was put into operation. Residents living nearby (0-300 m, n = 229) filled out questionnaires about their health and their perception of the environment...
March 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293983/trajectories-and-risk-factors-for-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-pediatric-concussion
#3
Katherine Truss, Celia Godfrey, Michael Takagi, Franz Babl, Silvia Bressan, Stephen J C Hearps, Cathriona Clarke, Kevin Dunne, Vicki Anderson
A substantial minority of children experience posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) following injury. Research indicates variation in the trajectory of PTSS following pediatric injury, but investigation of PTSS following concussion has assumed homogeneity. This study aimed to identify differential trajectories of PTSS following pediatric concussion and to investigate risk-factors, including acute post-concussive symptoms (PCS), associated with these trajectories. 120 children aged 8-18 years reported PTSS for 3 months following concussion diagnosis using the Child PTSD Symptom Scale, with a score of 16 or above indicating probable PTSD diagnosis...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293767/gambling-in-a-national-u-s-veteran-population-prevalence-socio-demographics-and-psychiatric-comorbidities
#4
Elina A Stefanovics, Marc N Potenza, Robert H Pietrzak
This study aimed to examine associations between gambling level and clinically relevant measures, including psychiatric disorders and suicidality, in a nationally representative sample of U.S. veterans. Data on 3157 U.S. veterans were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. Chi square tests and analyses of variance were used to assess associations between gambling level, and demographic, military, and personality characteristics. Multinomial logistic regressions using stepwise selection were used to identify independent correlates of recreational gambling and at-risk/problem gambling (ARPG)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292455/sex-trafficking-of-minors
#5
REVIEW
Jessica L Moore, Dana M Kaplan, Christine E Barron
Sex trafficking is an increasingly recognized global health crisis affecting every country and region in the world. Domestic minor sex trafficking is a subset of commercial sexual exploitation of children, defined as engagement of minors (<18 years of age) in sexual acts for items of value (eg, food, shelter, drugs, money) involving children victimized within US borders. These involved youth are at risk for serious immediate and long-term physical and mental health consequences. Continued efforts are needed to improve preventive efforts, identification, screening, appropriate interventions, and subsequent resource provision for victimized and high-risk youth...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290932/primary-care-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-u-s-military-in-the-post-don-t-ask-don-t-tell-era-a-review-of-recent-progress-health-needs-and-challenges
#6
Wesley R Campbell, Mojgan Jahan, Mary F Bavaro, Robert J Carpenter
BACKGROUND: With repeal of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" (DADT) in 2011 and the Supreme Court decision regarding Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) in 2013, military providers are now able to openly address unique health needs of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) service members and their same-sex spouse beneficiaries. These federal laws created health care barriers, either real or perceived, between providers and patients and often limited medical research involving LGB patients in the Military Health System (MHS)...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290645/preventive-health-care-for-women-who-have-sex-with-women
#7
Daniel A Knight, Diane Jarrett
Despite recent shifts in societal attitudes toward same-sex relationships, women who have sex with women face a variety of barriers to optimal health, including a history of negatively perceived interactions in clinical settings that lead them to delay or avoid health care. Women who have sex with women may be at disproportionate risk of obesity, tobacco use, substance use, mental health issues, intimate partner violence, sexually transmitted infections, and some cancers. Disparities can exist throughout the lifetime...
March 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289913/the-impacts-of-exposure-to-environmental-risk-on-physical-and-mental-health-in-a-small-geographic-community-in-houston-tx
#8
Garett Sansom, Juan Parras, Ana Parras, Yudith Nieto, Yvette Arellano, Philip Berke, Thomas McDonald, Eva Shipp, Jennifer A Horney
Previous research has shown that communities with low average socioeconomic status (SES) and majority minority populations are more likely to be exposed to industrial buildings, waste facilities, and poor infrastructure compared to white communities with higher average SES. While some studies have demonstrated linkages between exposures to specific environmental contaminates within these communities and negative health outcomes, little research has analyzed the effects of environmental contaminants on the mental and physical health of these populations...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287932/mental-disorder-prevalence-among-u-s-department-of-veterans-affairs-outpatients-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#9
Scott D McDonald, Melody N Mickens, Lisa D Goldberg-Looney, Brian J Mutchler, Michael S Ellwood, Teodoro A Castillo
OBJECTIVES: Depression and other mental disorders are more prevalent among individuals living with spinal cord injury (SCI) than in the community at large, and have a strong association with quality of life. Yet little is known about the prevalence and predictors of mental disorders among U.S. military Veterans living with SCI. The primary aim of this study was to present an estimate of mental disorder point prevalence in this population. The secondary aim was to examine the relationship of mental disorders to demographics, injury characteristics, and other clinically relevant features such as impairment from mental health problems and life satisfaction...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287772/prevalence-of-internalizing-externalizing-and-psychotic-disorders-among-low-risk-juvenile-offenders
#10
Tamara Kang, James M Wood, Jennifer Eno Louden, Elijah P Ricks
To effectively allocate mental health services, agencies must be able to predict what proportion of youth will have a mental disorder. Prevalence estimates are available for juvenile offenders at intake, detained youth, and incarcerated youth, but there is limited research on prevalence of mental disorders for juvenile offenders who are low-risk to reoffend, many of whom are first time offenders (i.e., low-risk youth). To complicate matters, ethnic minorities are disproportionately represented in the justice system, and specifically, little is known about culturally sensitive clinical interviewing...
March 13, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284748/sexual-and-behavioral-health-disparities-among-sexual-minority-hispanics-latinos-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2014
#11
Omar Martinez, Ji Hyun Lee, Frank Bandiera, E Karina Santamaria, Ethan C Levine, Don Operario
INTRODUCTION: Hispanics/Latinos (henceforth, Latinos) are the largest minority group in the U.S. With growing health disparities among this group, the highest burden remains among sexual and gender minority Latinos. Differences regarding sexual orientation have not been fully explored within this group using national representative samples. This study analyzed sexual and behavioral health disparities associated with sexual minority status among Latinos in the U.S. METHODS: The study included data from 5,598 Latino adults who participated in the 2001-2014 waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277731/impostor-feelings-as-a-moderator-and-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-perceived-discrimination-and-mental-health-among-racial-ethnic-minority-college-students
#12
Kevin Cokley, Leann Smith, Donte Bernard, Ashley Hurst, Stacey Jackson, Steven Stone, Olufunke Awosogba, Chastity Saucer, Marlon Bailey, Davia Roberts
This study investigated whether impostor feelings would both moderate and mediate the relationship between perceived discrimination and mental health in a sample of diverse ethnic minority college students (106 African Americans, 102 Asian Americans, 108 Latino/a Americans) at an urban public university. African American students reported higher perceived discrimination than Asian American and Latino/a American students, while no racial/ethnic group differences were reported for impostor feelings. Analyses revealed that among African American students, high levels of impostor feelings moderated the perceived discrimination and depression relationship and mediated the perceived discrimination and anxiety relationship...
March 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277684/it-is-not-black-and-white-discrimination-and-distress-in-hawai-i
#13
Krysia N Mossakowski, Turro Wongkaren, Fàanofo Lisaclaire Uperesa
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether the strength of the relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress varies by race/ethnicity, gender, and the number of years of residence in Hawai'i. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 1,036 undergraduate students at a university in Hawai'i and the survey was conducted in 2012-2013. The sample was composed of 55% women and the average age was 21. The students reported their racial/ethnic backgrounds as White (19%), Japanese (21%), Filipino (16%), Chinese (10%), Native Hawaiian (14%), Pacific Islander (4%), other Asian (6%), and other race/ethnicity (10%)...
March 9, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276930/considerations-for-culturally-sensitive-research-with-transgender-adults-a-qualitative-analysis
#14
Jennifer M Staples, Elizabeth R Bird, Tatiana N Masters, William H George
Transgender (trans) individuals have historically been left out of research, and previous work has often conflated gender identity with sexual orientation. Furthermore, language used in psychology measures is often heteronormative and uses binary gendered language (e.g., "him"/"her"). The aim of the current study was to provide empirically derived guidance on conducting culturally sensitive research with transgender participants using qualitative data. We recruited trans individuals, ages 18 to 44, to participate in an anonymous, qualitative, national online survey as part of a quantitative study on the relationships among minority stress, sexual behavior, and mental health...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275923/conceptualizing-culturally-infused-engagement-and-its-measurement-for-ethnic-minority-and-immigrant-children-and-families
#15
REVIEW
Miwa Yasui, Kathleen J Pottick, Yun Chen
Despite the central role culture plays in racial and ethnic disparities in mental health among ethnic minority and immigrant children and families, existing measures of engagement in mental health services have failed to integrate culturally specific factors that shape these families' engagement with mental health services. To illustrate this gap, the authors systematically review 119 existing instruments that measure the multi-dimensional and developmental process of engagement for ethnic minority and immigrant children and families...
March 8, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274336/examining-psychotropic-medication-use-among-youth-in-the-u-s-by-race-ethnicity-and-psychological-impairment
#16
Benjamin Lê Cook, Nicholas J Carson, E Nilay Kafali, Anne Valentine, Juan David Rueda, Sarah Coe-Odess, Susan Busch
OBJECTIVE: Clinical practice guidelines underscore the need for careful evaluation of the risk-benefit ratio of psychotropic medications treating mental health disorders among youth. While it is well known that racial/ethnic disparities exist in psychotropic medication use, little is known about whether these differences are driven by over-prescribing among white youth, under-prescribing among minority youth, or both. To build evidence in this area, this study examined racial/ethnic differences in the prescription of psychotropic medications among youth with and without psychological impairment...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272943/a-systematic-review-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-sexual-minorities
#17
Billy A Caceres, Abraham Brody, Rachel E Luscombe, Jillian E Primiano, Peter Marusca, Edward M Sitts, Deborah Chyun
BACKGROUND: Mental health and HIV disparities are well documented among sexual minorities, but there is a dearth of research on other chronic conditions. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide. Although sexual minorities have high rates of several modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (including stress, tobacco use, and alcohol consumption), there is a paucity of research in this area. OBJECTIVES: In this systematic review, we synthesized and critiqued the existing evidence on cardiovascular disease among sexual minority adults...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271349/associations-of-timing-of-sexual-orientation-developmental-milestones-and-other-sexual-minority-stressors-with-internalizing-mental-health-symptoms-among-sexual-minority-young-adults
#18
Sabra L Katz-Wise, Margaret Rosario, Jerel P Calzo, Emily A Scherer, Vishnudas Sarda, S Bryn Austin
Sexual minorities (mostly heterosexual, bisexual, lesbian/gay) are more likely than heterosexuals to have adverse mental health, which may be related to minority stress. We used longitudinal data from 1461 sexual minority women and men, aged 22-30 years, from Wave 2010 of the Growing Up Today Study, to examine associations between sexual minority stressors and mental health. We hypothesized that sexual minority stressors (earlier timing of sexual orientation developmental milestones categorized into early adolescence, middle adolescence, late adolescence/young adulthood; greater sexual orientation mobility; more bullying victimization) would be positively associated with mental health outcomes (depressive and anxious symptoms)...
March 7, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266232/mental-health-and-educational-achievement-the-link-between-poor-mental-health-and-upper-secondary-school-completion-and-grades
#19
Annica Brännlund, Mattias Strandh, Karina Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Education profoundly affects adult socioeconomic status, so it is important to ensure that all children have the capability and opportunity to achieve educational goals. AIMS: The study aimed to examine the relationship between mental-health during adolescence and upper secondary school completion and grades, which has received comparatively little research attention to date. METHOD: Longitudinal administrative and registered data were used to analyse the relationship between school achievement and prescriptions of psycholeptic and psycho-analeptic drugs...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263724/resilience-in-mothers-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-hospitalized-in-the-nicu
#20
Beverly Rossman, Michelle M Greene, Amanda L Kratovil, Paula P Meier
OBJECTIVE: To develop the theme of Resilience of mothers of very-low-birth-weight infants in the NICU from a qualitative study on maternal role attainment. DESIGN: Secondary analysis using retrospective interpretation, that is, the further development and refinement of content related to resilience that was identified in the original data. SETTING: A tertiary NICU in Chicago. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three English-speaking, predominantly single (74%), minority (Black [57%], Hispanic [17%]), low-income (78%), primiparous (78%) mothers of very-low-birth-weight infants...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
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