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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781791/the-facilitators-and-challenges-of-dying-at-home-with-dementia-a-narrative-synthesis
#1
Caroline Mogan, Mari Lloyd-Williams, Karen Harrison Dening, Christopher Dowrick
BACKGROUND: It is reported that, given the right support, most people would prefer to die at home, yet a very small minority of people with dementia do so. At present, knowledge gaps remain on how best to support end-of-life care at home for people with dementia. AIM: To identify and understand the challenges and facilitators of providing end-of-life care at home for people with dementia. DESIGN: Narrative synthesis of qualitative and quantitative data...
June 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780033/public-attitudes-in-england-towards-the-sharing-of-personal-data-following-a-mass-casualty-incident-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
G James Rubin, Rebecca Webster, Antonia N Rubin, Richard Amlot, Nick Grey, Neil Greenberg
OBJECTIVES: To assess public attitudes towards data sharing to facilitate a mental health screening programme for people caught up in a mass casualty incident. DESIGN: Two, identical, cross-sectional, online surveys, using quotas to ensure demographic representativeness of people aged 18-65 years in England. Participants were randomly allocated to consider a scenario in which they witness a terrorism-related radiation incident or mass shooting, after which a police officer records their contact details...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779515/health-care-of-sexual-minority-women
#3
REVIEW
Susan Jo Roberts
Sexual minority women may be invisible in health care settings unless practitioners ask every patient about sexual attractions/behaviors and identity. Sexual minority women need to feel comfortable and able to share information about their sexual identity, partners, and lives. No medical diagnoses are found more commonly in sexual minority women, but problems such as overweight/obesity, increased tobacco and alcohol use, increased mental health problems, and a past history of childhood sexual abuse are common...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775977/-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-fracture-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#4
Hartmut Bork, Stefan Simmel, Eckhardt Böhle, Ulrich Ernst, Klaus Fischer, Bernd Fromm, Jean-Jacques Glaesener, Bernhard Greitemann, P Krause, S Panning, V Pullwitt, J Schmidt, Andreas Veihelmann, Lutz Vogt
On the basis of the S2-k guideline "Rehabilitation after traumatic fractures of the thoracic und lumbar spine without neurologic disorder", this article gives an overview of target-oriented rehabilitation of patients with minor fractures or those with column stability and unstable spinal fractures which are stabilised by surgery. To obtain early social and job related reintegration, outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation has to start immediately after treatment in hospital. Rehabilitation must be orientated towards the biopsychosocial model of ICF and has to be adapted for the patient...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775112/attitudes-towards-severe-mental-illness-and-social-distance-a-survey-of-volunteer-befrienders-in-austria
#5
Sarah Toner, Karin Fabisch, Stefan Priebe, Gϋnter Klug
BACKGROUND: Research suggests there is a propensity for people in the general population to distance themselves from people with severe mental illness (SMI), which reportedly decreases with increased contact with individuals with SMI. Volunteer befrienders in the mental health sector have ongoing contact with this population, yet little data exist to reflect their attitudes towards people with SMI. METHOD: A questionnaire was distributed to all volunteer befrienders for people with SMI within volunteering programmes organised in five Austrian regions...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774378/interpersonal-and-institutional-ethnic-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-a-random-sample-of-palestinian-minority-men-smokers-in-israel
#6
Nihaya Daoud, Meiyin Gao, Amira Osman, Carles Muntaner
PURPOSE: We sought to extend research into the health effects of discrimination to a non-Western context. We examined the associations between interpersonal and institutional ethnic discrimination, and anxiety and depression among Palestinian-Arab minority men citizens of Israel. METHODS: We used data from a nationwide stratified random sample of 964 Arab men in Israel, current or former smokers (age 18-64), who were interviewed as part of a 2012-2013 study on cessation...
May 17, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772799/income-and-self-rated-mental-health-diminished-returns-for-high-income-black-americans
#7
Shervin Assari, Lisa M Lapeyrouse, Harold W Neighbors
Background: The minorities' diminished return theory suggests that socioeconomic position (SEP) generates smaller health gains for racial/ethnic minorities compared to Whites. The current study was a Black⁻White comparison of the association between household income and self-rated mental health (SRMH). Methods: This cross-sectional study used data from the 2017 State of the State Survey (SOSS). With representative sampling, the SOSS generates results that are generalizable to the state of Michigan. This study included 881 adults, ( n = 92) Black and ( n = 782) White...
May 17, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755137/legal-marriage-unequal-recognition-and-mental-health-among-same-sex-couples
#8
Allen J LeBlanc, David M Frost, Kayla Bowen
The authors examined whether the perception of unequal relationship recognition, a novel, couple-level minority stressor, has negative consequences for mental health among same-sex couples. Data came from a dyadic study of 100 ( N = 200) same-sex couples in the U.S. Being in a legal marriage was associated with lower perceived unequal recognition and better mental health; being in a registered domestic partnership or civil union - not also legally married - was associated with greater perceived unequal recognition and worse mental health...
April 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754279/changes-in-health-insurance-coverage-and-barriers-to-health-care-access-among-individuals-with-serious-psychological-distress-following-the-affordable-care-act
#9
Priscilla Novak, Andrew C Anderson, Jie Chen
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) aims to expand health insurance coverage and minimize financial barriers to receiving health care services for individuals. However, little is known about how the ACA has impacted individuals with mental health conditions. This study finds that the implementation of the ACA is associated with an increase in rate of health insurance coverage among nonelderly adults with serious psychological distress (SPD) and a reduction in delaying and forgoing necessary care. The ACA also reduced the odds of an individual with SPD not being able to afford mental health care...
May 12, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752159/predictors-of-falls-and-fractures-leading-to-hospitalization-in-people-with-dementia-a-representative-cohort-study
#10
Shalini Sharma, Christoph Mueller, Robert Stewart, Nicola Veronese, Davy Vancampfort, Ai Koyanagi, Sarah E Lamb, Gayan Perera, Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVES: Investigate predictors of falls and fractures leading to hospitalization in a large cohort of people with dementia. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: People with diagnosed dementia between January 2007 and March 2013, aged >65 years, were assembled using data from the Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre Case Register, from 4 boroughs in London serving a population of 1.3 million people. MEASURES: Falls and/or fractures leading to hospitalization were ascertained from linked national records...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747713/size-and-clustering-of-ethnic-groups-and-rates-of-psychiatric-admission-in-england
#11
Gayathri Venkatesan, Scott Weich, Orla McBride, Liz Twigg, Helen Parsons, Jan Scott, Kamaldeep Bhui, Patrick Keown
Aims and methodTo compare rates of admission for different types of severe mental illness between ethnic groups, and to test the hypothesis that larger and more clustered ethnic groups will have lower admission rates. This was a descriptive study of routinely collected data from the National Health Service in England. RESULTS: There was an eightfold difference in admission rates between ethnic groups for schizophreniform and mania admissions, and a fivefold variation in depression admissions...
May 11, 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743222/missed-opportunities-for-depression-screening-and-treatment-in-the-united-states
#12
Elisabeth Kato, Amanda E Borsky, Samuel H Zuvekas, Anita Soni, Quyen Ngo-Metzger
PURPOSE: This study estimates the prevalence of depression assessment in adults age 35 and older and how prevalence varies by sociodemographic characteristics and depressive symptoms. METHODS: We used a nationally representative survey, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, to evaluate if adults 35+ were being assessed for depression by their health care providers in 2014 and 2015. Using multivariate logistic regression, we examined the health and sociodemographic characteristics of patients associated with depression assessment...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741980/sexual-orientation-group-differences-in-perceived-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states
#13
Evan A Krueger, Ilan H Meyer, Dawn M Upchurch
PURPOSE: Overall, sexual minorities have poorer mental health than heterosexual individuals, and stress is thought to underlie such disparities. However, sexual minorities include both those identifying as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) and many who do not (e.g., individuals identifying as mostly heterosexual, or as heterosexual but with discordant same-sex attractions or behaviors), and little is known about the mental health or stress experiences of non-LGB identified sexual minorities...
May 9, 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723686/minority-stress-perceived-burdensomeness-and-depressive-symptoms-among-sexual-minority-youth
#14
Laura Baams, Judith Semon Dubas, Stephen T Russell, Rosemarie L Buikema, Marcel A G van Aken
Although studies have shown links between minority stress and mental health (e.g., Meyer, 2003), there is little research explaining this association. Research has suggested that adequate coping skills might protect youth from the negative impact of stress (Compas et al., 2017). Thus, we aimed to examine: 1) whether associations between minority stress and depressive symptoms occurred through mechanisms of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, and 2) whether these associations were dependent on level of problem-solving coping (moderated mediation)...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718549/are-australian-smokers-with-mental-illness-receiving-adequate-smoking-cessation-and-harm-reduction-information
#15
Ratika Sharma-Kumar, Carla Meurk, Pauline Ford, Diana Beere, Coral Gartner
Provision of smoking cessation support in the form of advice and information is central to increasing quit rates, including among people with mental illness (MI), who have 3-5 times higher odds of smoking than those without MI. This study investigated the extent and perceived utility of quit smoking advice and information available to Australian smokers with MI through face-to-face, semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 29 current smokers with MI. Qualitative analysis identified four major sources of quit smoking advice and information: (i) mental health practitioners; (ii) Quitline; (iii) social networks; and (iv) Internet and media...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716446/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-to-improve-initiation-of-mental-health-care-among-racial-ethnic-minority-groups
#16
Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, John Eun, Dawn Corbett, Pamela Y Collins
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to identify interventions to improve the initiation of mental health care among racial-ethnic minority groups. METHODS: The authors searched three electronic databases in February 2016 and independently assessed eligibility of 2,065 titles and abstracts on the basis of three criteria: the study design included an intervention, the participants were members of racial-ethnic minority groups and lived in the United States, and the outcome measures included initial access to or attitudes toward mental health care...
May 2, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708310/early-intervention-for-everyone-a-review-of-cross-cultural-issues-and-their-treatment-in-ultra-high-risk-uhr-cohorts
#17
REVIEW
Valentina Deriu, Marie Rose Moro, Laelia Benoit
AIM: Over the past 20 years, early management of psychosis has become both a research and policy priority. In Western countries, psychotic disorders appear more prevalent in migrant and minority ethnic groups than in native or dominant groups. Moreover, disparities exist in health conditions and access to care among immigrants and minority ethnic groups, compared with native-born and majority groups. Appropriate early detection tools are necessary for the different groups. METHODS: This systematic review provides a synthesis of the assessment and discussion of transcultural issues in ultra-high-risk (UHR) cohorts...
April 30, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706155/the-workforce-shortage-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatrists-is-it-time-for-a-different-approach
#18
EDITORIAL
Robert L Findling, Ekaterina Stepanova
Psychiatric disorders affect a large number of children around the world. Recent data have reported that approximately 10% to 13% of children have a serious emotional disturbance with significant functional impairment, suggesting that at least 1 in 10 children require mental health services.1,2 Approximately half the adults with mental illness received their diagnosis before 15 years of age3 and close to three fourths of mental health disorders start by the mid-20s.4 Mental illnesses are associated with a large disease burden because these conditions lead to increases in morbidity, mortality, and financial costs...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703698/accuracy-of-general-hospital-dementia-diagnoses-in-england-sensitivity-specificity-and-predictors-of-diagnostic-accuracy-2008-2016
#19
Andrew Sommerlad, Gayan Perera, Archana Singh-Manoux, Glyn Lewis, Robert Stewart, Gill Livingston
INTRODUCTION: Recognizing dementia in general hospitals allows for tailored care. We aimed to assess hospital dementia diagnosis accuracy, changes over time, and predictors of correct identification. METHOD: Retrospective cohort study of people over 65 years, using data from a large mental health care database as gold standard, linked to 2008-2016 English hospital data. RESULTS: In 21,387 people who had 138,455 admissions, we found sensitivity and specificity of dementia recording, respectively, to be 78...
April 5, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703072/domestic-minor-sex-trafficking-medical-follow-up-for-victimized-and-high-risk-youth
#20
Dana M Kaplan, Jessica L Moore, Christine E Barron, Amy P Goldberg
Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) has become an increasingly recognized issue associated with both immediate and long-term physical and mental health consequences. Guidelines have focused on potential risk factors, recruitment practices, and health consequences for these youth assisting in identification and intervention efforts. However, recommendations have not been established for continuous medical intervention and follow-up for this vulnerable patient population that includes both patients involved in and at high risk for DMST...
May 1, 2018: Rhode Island Medical Journal
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