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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222806/internalized-homophobia-mental-health-sexual-behaviors-and-outness-of-gay-bisexual-men-from-southwest-china
#1
Wenjian Xu, Lijun Zheng, Yin Xu, Yong Zheng
BACKGROUND: Social attitudes toward male homosexuality in China so far are still not optimistic. Sexual minorities in China have reported high levels of internalized homophobia. METHODS: This Internet-based study examined the associations among internalized homophobia, mental health, sexual behaviors, and outness among 435 gay/bisexual men in Southwest China from 2014 to 2015. Latent profile analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, univariate logistic regression, and separate multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted...
February 17, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214156/the-psychological-social-and-economic-impact-of-stillbirth-on-families
#2
REVIEW
Samantha Murphy, Joanne Cacciatore
This article reviews the current state of psychological, social, and economic research into the impact of stillbirth on families. We argue that whereas the knowledge we have of the experiential aspects of stillbirth is increasing, there is still much that remains to be uncovered especially in respect of the impact that seeing the baby may have on mental health. Moreover, the experience of particular social groups merits further work, most notably regarding same-sex couples and surrogates, mothers and fathers drawn from Black and Minority Ethnic groups as well as those from lower socio-economic groups...
February 14, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212506/dimensional-and-discrete-variations-on-the-psychosis-continuum-in-a-dutch-crowd-sourcing-population-sample
#3
J T W Wigman, K J Wardenaar, R B K Wanders, S H Booij, B F Jeronimus, L van der Krieke, M Wichers, P de Jonge
BACKGROUND: Mild psychotic experiences are common in the general population. Although transient and benign in most cases, these experiences are predictive of later mental health problems for a significant minority. The goal of the present study was to perform examinations of the dimensional and discrete variations in individuals' reporting of subclinical positive and negative psychotic experiences in a unique Dutch internet-based sample from the general population. METHODS: Positive and negative subclinical psychotic experiences were measured with the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences in 2870 individuals...
December 18, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207331/a-systematic-review-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-sexual-minorities
#4
Billy A Caceres, Abraham Brody, Rachel E Luscombe, Jillian E Primiano, Peter Marusca, Edward M Sitts, Deborah Chyun
BACKGROUND: Mental health and HIV disparities are well documented among sexual minorities, but there is a dearth of research on other chronic conditions. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide. Although sexual minorities have high rates of several modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (including stress, tobacco use, and alcohol consumption), there is a paucity of research in this area. OBJECTIVES: In this systematic review, we synthesized and critiqued the existing evidence on cardiovascular disease among sexual minority adults...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196546/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-and-depression-related-healthcare-access-in-mothers-of-9-month-old-infants-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#5
S M Cruise, R Layte, M Stevenson, D O'Reilly
AIMS: Untreated maternal depression during the postpartum period can have a profound impact on the short- and long-term psychological and physical well-being of children. There is, therefore, an imperative for increased understanding of the determinants of depression and depression-related healthcare access during this period. METHODS: Respondents were 11 089 mothers of 9-month-old infants recruited to the Growing Up in Ireland study. Of this sample, 10 827 had complete data on all relevant variables...
February 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190826/leukoaraiosis-is-associated-with-worse-short-term-functional-and-cognitive-recovery-after-minor-stroke
#6
Zheng Zhang, Wenwei Ren, Bei Shao, Huiqin Xu, Jianhua Cheng, Qiongzhang Wang, Yingying Gu, Beilei Zhu, Jincai He
Whether leukoaraiosis burden retards short-term recovery after minor stroke is unclear. We investigated the association between leukoaraiosis and early recovery of neurological function after a first minor ischemic stroke in 217 acute stroke patients (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ≤5). Leukoaraiosis severity was graded according to the Fazekas scale and categorized into none to mild (0-2; n = 143) or severe (3-6; n = 74) groups. NIHSS and Minimum Mental State Examination (MMSE) were assessed at baseline and at 30 days...
February 10, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188241/examination-of-the-influence-of-social-capital-on-depression-in-fragile-families
#7
Neil A Wilmot, Kim Nichols Dauner
BACKGROUND: While it appears that social capital has a positive effect on mental health, most studies have been cross-sectional in nature and/or employ weak measures of social capital or mental health. Even less attention has been paid to vulnerable populations, such as low-income women with children. Thus, our objective was to explore how different dimensions of social capital impact depression in this population. METHODS: We used data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, which has followed a cohort of children born in large US cities to mostly minority, unmarried parents for over 9 years...
March 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182456/the-impact-of-service-connected-disability-and-therapist-experience-on-outcomes-from-prolonged-exposure-therapy-with-veterans
#8
Jason T Goodson, Amy W Helstrom, Emily J Marino, Rachel V Smith
OBJECTIVE: Although prolonged exposure therapy (PE) has been shown to be effective in treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a sizable minority do not benefit. Examining patient and therapist characteristics that impact treatment outcome may improve treatment delivery and identify individuals who are less likely to respond to treatment or are at risk to prematurely discontinue treatment. The current study uses a sample from a large urban Veterans' Affairs (VA) hospital to build on a previous report that identified correlates of treatment outcome for Veterans who received PE...
February 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173785/hcv-screening-in-a-cohort-of-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-homeless-and-marginally-housed-women-in-san-francisco-california
#9
Kimberly Page, Michelle Yu, Jennifer Cohen, Jennifer Evans, Martha Shumway, Elise D Riley
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening has taken on new importance as a result of updated guidelines and new curative therapies. Relatively few studies have assessed HCV infection in homeless populations, and a minority include women. We assessed prevalence and correlates of HCV exposure in a cohort of homeless and unstably housed women in San Francisco, and estimated the proportion undiagnosed. METHODS: A probability sample of 246 women were recruited at free meal programs, homeless shelters, and low-cost single room occupancy hotels in San Francisco; women with HIV were oversampled...
February 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162042/the-syrian-public-health-and-humanitarian-crisis-a-displacement-in-global-governance
#10
Sumaira Akbarzada, Tim K Mackey
Ongoing failure by the international community to resolve the Syrian conflict has led to destruction of critical infrastructure. This includes the collapse of the Syrian health system, leaving millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in urgent need of healthcare services. As the conflict intensifies, IDP populations are suffering from infectious and non-communicable disease risks, poor maternal and child health outcomes, trauma, and mental health issues, while healthcare workers continually exit the country...
February 4, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159143/transgender-and-gender-diverse-clients-with-mental-disorders-treatment-issues-and-challenges
#11
REVIEW
Lauren Mizock
A number of transgender and gender diverse individuals face risks of mental health problems and suicidality, often as a result of transphobia and gender minority stress. There are many resilience and protective factors that transgender individuals use to cope with mental distress and thrive. In this article, a review of the literature on transgender and gender diverse individuals with mental health problems is provided, as well as a discussion of the protective factors that enhance resilience.
March 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158988/microsatellite-polymorphisms-associated-with-human-behavioural-and-psychological-phenotypes-including-a-gene-environment-interaction
#12
Andrew T M Bagshaw, L John Horwood, David M Fergusson, Neil J Gemmell, Martin A Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The genetic and environmental influences on human personality and behaviour are a complex matter of ongoing debate. Accumulating evidence indicates that short tandem repeats (STRs) in regulatory regions are good candidates to explain heritability not accessed by genome-wide association studies. METHODS: We tested for associations between the genotypes of four selected repeats and 18 traits relating to personality, behaviour, cognitive ability and mental health in a well-studied longitudinal birth cohort (n = 458-589) using one way analysis of variance...
February 3, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152186/initial-and-follow-up-evaluations-of-integrated-psychological-services-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-a-safety-net-primary-care-clinic
#13
Elizabeth Sadock, Paul B Perrin, Renée M Grinnell, Bruce Rybarczyk, Stephen M Auerbach
OBJECTIVE: Despite the recognized importance of integrated behavioral health, particularly in safety net primary care, its effectiveness in real world settings has not been extensively evaluated. This article presents 2 successive studies examining the effectiveness of integrated behavioral care in a safety net setting. METHOD: Study 1 compared the depression and anxiety scores of predominately low-income and minority patients who underwent brief interventions (N = 147) to those of patients from a demographically similar comparison clinic without integrated psychological services, matched on baseline levels of anxiety and depression and length of time between assessments (N = 139)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144026/mental-health-status-and-coping-behaviors-of-the-guangxi-baiku-yao-population-in-response-to-life-events
#14
Junduan Wu, Jianbo Liu, Jian Qin, Cairong Lan, Hanjun Yang, Li Yang
BACKGROUND Ethnic minorities present specific mental health characteristics that are based on their unique cultural background. We aimed to investigate the mental health status and coping behaviors in the Guangxi Baiku Yao population, an ethnic minority in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 121 Baiku Yao, 149 Zhuang, and 141 Han from Nandan Guangxi were enrolled in a survey using stratified random cluster sampling. The questionnaires included general information, a simplified mental symptom checklist, life events, coping behaviors, and social support...
February 1, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143537/overview-of-findings-from-a-2-year-study-of-claimants-who-had-sustained-a-mild-or-moderate-injury-in-a-road-traffic-crash-prospective-study
#15
Bamini Gopinath, Jagnoor Jagnoor, Nieke Elbers, Ian D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that in people injured in a road traffic crash, persistent symptoms are common and can lead to significant ongoing personal impact. Hence, elucidating factors associated with the human costs are key to reducing the socio-economic burden of road traffic injuries. Therefore, in this study we aimed to track the experience and key outcomes of persons who had sustained mild/moderate injuries as they returned to health (and work, where relevant) following a road traffic crash...
February 1, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141788/-characteristics-of-adolescents-with-gender-dysphoria-referred-to-the-gender-identity-treatment-unit
#16
María Fernández Rodríguez, Patricia Guerra Mora, Eloya Martín Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: The demand for treatment among people with gender dys-phoria has increased during the last years. The aim of the present research was to carry out an analysis of the demand of the teenagers that requested consultation at the UTIGPA (Gender Identity Treatment Unit of Principality of Asturias) as they presented complains of gender dysphoria. METHODS: The sample included 20 minors that were treated between March 2007 and December 2015. The clinical history was made to collect informa-tion...
February 1, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139947/are-people-with-severe-mental-illness-ready-for-online-interventions-access-and-use-of-the-internet-in-australian-mental-health-service-users
#17
Neil Thomas, Fiona Foley, Katrina Lindblom, Stuart Lee
OBJECTIVES: The Internet is increasingly used in mental health service delivery, but there are significant potential barriers to Internet access for persons with severe mental illness (SMI). There is a need to understand this group's access to, and confidence with using, the Internet, and current views on using online resources as part of mental healthcare. METHOD: A survey was conducted of 100 consumers attending a specialist mental health service in Melbourne, Australia...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139727/cortisol-awakening-response-and-acute-stress-reactivity-in-first-nations-people
#18
Maximus Berger, Anthony Leicht, Angela Slatcher, Ann Katrin Kraeuter, Sarangan Ketheesan, Sarah Larkins, Zoltán Sarnyai
First Nations people globally have a higher incidence of mental disorders and non-communicable diseases. These health inequalities are partially attributed to a complex network of social and environmental factors which likely converge on chronic psychosocial stress. We hypothesized that alterations in stress processing and the regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis might underlie health disparities in First Nations people. We assessed the cortisol awakening response and the dynamic response to a laboratory induced psychosocial stress of young Indigenous tertiary students (n = 11, mean age 23...
January 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138349/the-impact-of-victimization-and-neuroticism-on-mental-health-in-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-internalized-homophobia-as-an-underlying-mechanism
#19
Jae A Puckett, Michael E Newcomb, Robert Garofalo, Brian Mustanski
Sexual minorities experience greater mental health issues compared to heterosexuals due to minority stressors. This study focused on the impact of victimization and neuroticism on mental health in young men who have sex with men (YMSM), and the mediating role of internalized homophobia (IH). IH refers to when a sexual minority person internalizes social bias and develops a negative view of themselves, which is a likely process through which victimization and neuroticism impact mental health. Data were collected over three time points across 12 months, with 450 YMSM (mean age = 18...
September 2016: Sexuality Research & Social Policy: Journal of NSRC: SR & SP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134557/aftercare-engagement-a-review-of-the-literature-through-the-lens-of-disparities
#20
Kristen Keefe, Esteban V Cardemil, Matthew Thompson
While prior research has well documented racial and ethnic disparities in mental health care broadly, significantly less attention has been given to possible disparities existing in the transition to aftercare. Grounded in Klinkenberg and Calsyn's (1996) framework, we review current research on aftercare, identify commonalities between the prior and current reviews, and highlight gaps for future research. We focus on variables pertinent to our understanding of racial/ethnic disparities. Articles were retrieved via PsycINFO, PubMed, PsycARTICLES, and Google Scholar...
February 2017: Psychological Services
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