keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

antibiotic bronchitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195963/mediastinitis-following-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration
#1
Aruna Jahoor, Shekhar Ghamande, Shirley Jones, Carl Boethel, Heath D White
Mediastinitis is a rare complication of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). Recent reports of infectious complications following EBUS-TBNA involved oropharyngeal bacteria. Here, we report 2 unusual cases of post-EBUS-TBNA mediastinitis involving Streptococcus pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which were likely the result of direct inoculation of the organisms at the time of transbronchial needle aspiration. The first case was successfully treated with computed tomography-guided drainage and antibiotics, whereas the second case had >50% distal tracheal obstruction and near total occlusion of the left main stem bronchus, requiring rigid bronchoscopy, stent placement, debulking, and antibiotics...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149969/6-steps-to-take-when-a-patient-insists-on-that-antibiotic
#2
EDITORIAL
John Hickner
Patients may be less likely to ask for an antibiotic if you refer to acute bronchitis as a "chest cold."
December 2016: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143696/management-of-children-with-chronic-wet-cough-and-protracted-bacterial-bronchitis-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#3
Anne B Chang, John J Oppenheimer, Miles Weinberger, Bruce K Rubin, Cameron C Grant, Kelly Weir, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: Wet or productive cough is common in children with chronic cough. We formulated recommendations based on systematic reviews relating to the management of chronic wet cough in children (aged ≤14-years) based on key questions (KQ1)-how effective are antibiotics in improving the resolution of cough? If so, what and for how long? and; (KQ2)-when should children be referred for further investigations? METHODS: We used the CHEST expert cough panel's protocol for the systematic reviews and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and GRADE framework...
January 28, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128095/antimicrobial-prescribing-patterns-in-a-large-tertiary-hospital-in-shanghai-china
#4
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Ping Du, Fang Huang, Dong-Jie Li, Jun Gu, Fu-Ming Shen, Yuan-Ying Jiang
Whilst the 'Principles of clinical use of antibiotics' was released by the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China in 2004, limited research has been conducted to evaluate the quality of antibiotic use in real-world practice. In this study, we sought to examine antimicrobial prescribing patterns in a large tertiary hospital in Shanghai, China. De-identified outpatient and emergency department pharmacy records containing antimicrobials were extracted from the hospital electronic health records system...
December 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122841/antibiotic-management-of-children-with-infectious-diseases-in-dutch-primary-care
#5
Anne R J Dekker, Theo J M Verheij, Alike W van der Velden
BACKGROUND: Childhood infections are common in general practice. Although clinical guidelines recommend restrictive antibiotic use for children, antibiotics are too often prescribed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to obtain insight in antibiotic prescribing for children related to clinical diagnoses. This is pivotal to define improvement strategies in the antibiotic management. METHODS: In this observational study, we used consultation data collected from 45 general practices in the Netherlands in 2012...
January 24, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119402/a-national-pharmacoepidemiological-study-of-antibiotic-use-in-korean-paediatric-outpatients
#6
Yun-Kyoung Song, Nayoung Han, Myeong Gyu Kim, Hyeu-Jin Chang, Hyun Soon Sohn, Eunhee Ji, Jung Mi Oh
BACKGROUND: Information on the use of antibiotics in Eastern Asian children is limited. The objectives of this study were to evaluate in Korean paediatric outpatients (1) the nationwide pattern of prescribing antibiotics according to age group and medical institution and (2) the adherence of antibiotic use for acute respiratory tract infections to both national guidelines and European antibiotic prescribing quality indicators. METHOD: This population-based study used the national insurance reimbursement database for 2011...
January 24, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114931/procalcitonin-guided-diagnosis-and-antibiotic-stewardship-revisited
#7
REVIEW
Ramon Sager, Alexander Kutz, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
Several controlled clinical studies have evaluated the potential of the infection biomarker procalcitonin (PCT) to improve the diagnostic work-up of patients with bacterial infections and its influence on decisions regarding antibiotic therapy. Most research has focused on lower respiratory tract infections and critically ill sepsis patients. A clinical utility for PCT has also been found for patients with urinary tract infections, postoperative infections, meningitis, and patients with acute heart failure with possible superinfection (i...
January 24, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107288/effects-of-infant-formula-with-human-milk-oligosaccharides-on-growth-and-morbidity-a-randomized-multicenter-trial
#8
Giuseppe Puccio, Philippe Alliet, Cinzia Cajozzo, Elke Janssens, Giovanni Corsello, Norbert Sprenger, Susan Wernimont, Delphine Egli, Laura Gosoniu, Philippe Steenhout
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated effects of infant formula supplemented with 2 human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) on infant growth, tolerance and morbidity. METHODS: Healthy infants, 0-14 days old, were randomized to an intact-protein, cow's-milk-based infant formula (Control, n = 87) or the same formula with 1.0 g/L 2'fucosyllactose (2'FL) and 0.5 g/L lacto-N-neotetraose (LNnT) (Test, n = 88) from enrollment to 6 months; all infants received standard follow-up formula without HMOs from 6-12 months...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097718/a-prospective-study-of-the-use-of-antibiotics-in-the-emergency-department-of-a-chinese-university-hospital
#9
Linan Zeng, Die Hu, Imti Choonara, Dezhi Mu, Lingli Zhang, Xihong Li, Zuojie Zhang, Zhiqiang Hu, Shuyan Quan
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics are one of the most widely misused group of medicines. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of antibiotics in one of the paediatric emergency departments in China. METHODS: We performed a prospective, cross-sectional study of antibiotic use in the paediatric emergency room of West China Second University Hospital. A total of 500 consecutive patients from March 25 to April 3 2013 were included. Clinical details of the patients were also collected in order to analyse antibiotic use...
February 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096997/bronchial-tree-shaped-mucous-plug-in-cystic-fibrosis-imaging-guided-management
#10
Ignazio Salamone, Baldassare Mondello, Maria Cristina Lucanto, Simona Cristadoro, Mariangela Lombardo, Mario Barone
We report the case of a 17-year-old boy with cystic fibrosis (CF) who presented with persistent cough; after starting intravenous antibiotics for Pseudomonas aeruginosa he underwent a computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest. CT revealed extensive consolidation in the right lower lobe with relative bronchus obstruction; the cause of bronchial obstruction was detected in the mediastinal window, corresponding to a bronchial tree-shaped, thick, tenacious mucous plug. This was extracted 48 h after unresponsive bronchial washing and endobronchial instillation of rhDNAse, using foreign-body forceps, with subsequent resolution of cough...
March 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092467/early-investigational-antibiotics-for-the-treatment-of-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-bronchitis
#11
Matthew E Falagas, Maria Georgiou
Acute exacerbations in patients with chronic bronchitis are a leading cause of hospitalizations and death. Bacteria contribute significantly to such exacerbations. The aim of this review was to explore the potential role of investigational antibiotics in the treatment of these episodes. Areas covered: The available literature in PubMed database, in websites related to investigational drugs and in websites of the producing companies has been searched. The in vitro activity against pathogens involved in acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis and the pharmacokinetic profile of antibiotics currently under development were taken into consideration for inclusion in the review...
January 25, 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018766/differentiation-of-lung-cancer-empyema-and-abscess-through-the-investigation-of-a-dry-cough
#12
Brittany Urso, Scott Michaels
An acute dry cough results commonly from bronchitis or pneumonia. When a patient presents with signs of infection, respiratory crackles, and a positive chest radiograph, the diagnosis of pneumonia is more common. Antibiotic failure in a patient being treated for community-acquired pneumonia requires further investigation through chest computed tomography. If a lung mass is found on chest computed tomography, lung empyema, abscess, and cancer need to be included on the differential and managed aggressively. This report describes a 55-year-old Caucasian male, with a history of obesity, recovered alcoholism, hypercholesterolemia, and hypertension, presenting with an acute dry cough in the primary care setting...
November 24, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996026/public-reporting-as-a-prescriptions-quality-improvement-measure-in-primary-care-settings-in-china-variations-in-effects-associated-with-diagnoses
#13
Yuqing Tang, Chaojie Liu, Xinping Zhang
The overprovision and irrational use of antibiotics and injections are a major public health concern. Public reporting has been adopted as a strategy to encourage good prescribing practices. This study evaluated the effects of public reporting on antibiotic and injection prescriptions in urban and rural primary care settings in Hubei province, China. A randomized control trial was conducted, with 10 primary care institutions being subject to public reporting and another 10 serving as controls. Prescription indicators were publicly reported monthly over a one-year period...
December 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959904/clinical-features-and-outcomes-of-ipf-patients-hospitalized-for-pulmonary-infection-a-japanese-cohort-study
#14
Ryo Yamazaki, Osamu Nishiyama, Hiroyuki Sano, Takashi Iwanaga, Yuji Higashimoto, Hiroaki Kume, Yuji Tohda
Many patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) undergo hospitalizations due to pulmonary infections. We retrospectively investigated the characteristics of hospitalizations due to pulmonary infection in patients with IPF to elucidate causative pathogens and mortality. We reviewed patients with IPF who were admitted between January 2008 and December 2014 for pulmonary infections including pneumonia and bronchitis. The causative pathogen, the relationship between the site of pneumonia and existing IPF radiological patterns on high-resolution chest CT, and predictors of mortality were evaluated...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941112/antisynthetase-syndrome-ass-presenting-as-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-ards-in-a-patient-without-myositis-features
#15
Venkat Kiran Kanchustambham, Swetha Saladi, Sarah Mahmoudassaf, Setu Patolia
A woman aged 61 years presented to the emergency room with a 1-week history of dyspnoea on exertion and dry cough. X-ray of the chest showed diffuse interstitial opacities and was started on antibiotics and furosemide, and despite these measures, patient's respiratory status worsened, prompting endotracheal intubation. CT of the chest showed diffuse bilateral ground glass opacities and underwent bronchoscope with trans-bronchial biopsy that showed chronic bronchitis. Pt was empirically started on intravenous steroids due to concerns for interstitial lung disease (ILD)...
December 9, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929206/acute-bronchitis
#16
Scott Kinkade, Natalie A Long
Cough is the most common illness-related reason for ambulatory care visits in the United States. Acute bronchitis is a clinical diagnosis characterized by cough due to acute inflammation of the trachea and large airways without evidence of pneumonia. Pneumonia should be suspected in patients with tachypnea, tachycardia, dyspnea, or lung findings suggestive of pneumonia, and radiography is warranted. Pertussis should be suspected in patients with cough persisting for more than two weeks that is accompanied by symptoms such as paroxysmal cough, whooping cough, and post-tussive emesis, or recent pertussis exposure...
October 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922232/changing-epidemiology-of-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis
#17
Semiha Bahçeci, Sait Karaman, Hikmet Tekin Nacaroğlu, Selçuk Yazıcı, Saniye Girit, Şule Ünsal-Karkıner, Demet Can
Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis again becomes a major health problem due to inappropriate antibiotic use and increasing frequency of protracted bacterial bronchitis. The aim was to determine the changes in etiology of bronchiectasis. Patients who admitted to Behçet Uz Children Hospital between 2005 and 2015 (n=110) were retrospectively examined. The etiology of bronchiectasis was detected as; primary ciliary dyskinesia 26.4%, protracted bacterial bronchitis 22.8%, primary immune deficiency 11.8%, bronchiolitis obliterans 8...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920515/effect-of-elom-080-on-exacerbations-and-symptoms-in-copd-patients-with-a-chronic-bronchitis-phenotype-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Kai-Michael Beeh, Jutta Beier, Henning Candler, Thomas Wittig
BACKGROUND: Treating symptoms and preventing exacerbations are key components of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) long-term management. Recently, a more tailored treatment approach has been proposed, in particular for two well-established clinical phenotypes, frequent exacerbators and chronic bronchitis-dominant COPD. ELOM-080 has demonstrated clinical efficacy in treating symptoms and preventing exacerbations in subjects with chronic bronchitis. However, little is known about the potential effects of ELOM-080 in COPD patients...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911082/necrotizing-and-haemorrhagic-hepatitis-and-enteritis-in-commercial-layer-pullets
#19
Yuko Sato, William L Wigle, Tsang Long Lin, Eric Gingerich, Patricia S Wakenell
This case report describes an episode of recurring severe necrotizing and haemorrhagic hepatitis and enteritis experienced in a flock of commercial layer pullets at 12 weeks of age and again at 18 weeks of age in Indiana. Pullets had been vaccinated at 10 weeks old using a trivalent Salmonella Enteritidis (SE)/Newcastle disease/infectious bronchitis oil-emulsion-inactivated vaccine. The pullets were found dead at 12 weeks with firm but friable, enlarged, haemorrhagic livers, enlarged spleens, and necrohaemorrhagic intestines...
February 2017: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887585/reduction-in-antibiotic-prescribing-for-respiratory-tract-infections-in-swedish-primary-care-a-retrospective-study-of-electronic-patient-records
#20
Mia Tyrstrup, Anders Beckman, Sigvard Mölstad, Sven Engström, Christina Lannering, Eva Melander, Katarina Hedin
BACKGROUND: Swedish studies on antibiotic use in primary care have been based on one-week registrations of infections. In order to study adherence to guidelines, analyses based on large databases that provide information on diagnosis linked prescriptions, are needed. This study describes trends in management of infections in Swedish primary care particularly with regards to antibiotic prescribing and adherence to national guidelines. METHODS: A descriptive study of Sweden's largest database regarding diagnosis linked antibiotic prescription data, the Primary care Record of Infections in Sweden (PRIS), for the years 2008, 2010 and 2013...
November 25, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
63203
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"