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Strength reactivity

Yang Zhou, Dongshuai Hou, Guoqing Geng, Pan Feng, Jiao Yu, Jinyang Jiang
The mechanical properties of organic/inorganic composites can be highly dependent on the interfacial interactions. In this work, with organic polymers intercalated into the interlayer of inorganic calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H), the primary binding phase of Portland cement, great ductility improvement is obtained for the nanocomposites. Employing reactive molecular dynamics, the simulation results indicate that strong interfacial interactions between the polymers and the substrate contribute greatly to strengthening the materials, when C-S-H/poly ethylene glycol (PEG), C-S-H/poly acrylic acid (PAA), and C-S-H/poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) were subject to uniaxial tension along different lattice directions...
March 12, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Bahar Gürlek Demirci, Siren Sezer, Emre Tutal, Turan Çolak, Saliha Uyanık, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: In kidney transplant recipients, reduced muscle mass and hand-grip strength are associated with impaired nutritional status. Serum testosterone is highly associated with muscle strength in the general population. Here, we aimed to determine the associations among serum testosterone, hand-grip strength, and nutritional and inflammatory parameters, as well as graft function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included 144 stable male kidney transplant recipients from our renal transplant outpatient clinic...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Daniel A Levy, Rotem Mika, Cecilia Radzyminski, Shir Ben-Zvi, Roni Tibon
In studies of behavioral reconsolidation interference, reactivation of a consolidated memory using some form of reminder is followed by the presentation of new information that can cause interference with that memory. Under these conditions, the interference not only impairs retrieval by indirect processes such as cue interference, but supposedly disrupts the original memory trace directly. Almost all studies of behavioral reconsolidation interference in episodic memory in humans have employed between-subjects paradigms, and deduced reminder effects from intrusion errors...
March 6, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Christian Herder, Andreas Schmitt, Florian Budden, André Reimer, Bernhard Kulzer, Michael Roden, Thomas Haak, Norbert Hermanns
Subclinical inflammation has been implicated in the development of depression, a common comorbidity of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). This study aimed to characterise the relationships between biomarkers of inflammation and depressive symptoms in T1D and T2D. Biomarkers of inflammation were measured in serum of participants with elevated depressive symptoms and T1D (n = 389, mean age 38 years, diabetes duration 15 ± 11 years) or T2D (n = 204, mean age 56 years, diabetes duration 13 ± 8 years)...
March 9, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
Reza Khorramirouz, Jason L Go, Christopher Noble, Soumen Jana, Eva Maxson, Amir Lerman, Melissa D Young
OBJECTIVES: Subcutaneous implantations in small animal models are currently required for preclinical studies of acellular tissue to evaluate biocompatibility, including host recellularization and immunogenic reactivity. METHODS: Three rat subcutaneous implantation methods were evaluated in six Sprague Dawley rats. An acellular xenograft made from porcine pericardium was used as the tissue-scaffold. Three implantation methods were performed; 1) Suture method is where a tissue-scaffold was implanted by suturing its border to the external oblique muscle, 2) Control method is where a tissue-scaffold was implanted without any suturing or support, 3) Frame method is where a tissue-scaffold was attached to a circular frame composed of polycaprolactone (PCL) biomaterial and placed subcutaneously...
March 5, 2018: Acta Histochemica
Carine Prisco Arnoni, Tatiane A De Paula Vendrame, Janaína Guilhem Muniz, Diana Gazito, Rosangela Duarte De Medeiros Person, Afonso J Pereira Cortez, Flavia R M Latini, Lilian Castilho
BACKGROUND: Vel is a high frequency blood group antigen and its alloantibody is involved in haemolytic transfusion reactions. After elucidation of the molecular basis of the Vel-negative phenotype defined by a 17-base pair deletion in SMIM1, genotyping has been the technique of choice to identify the Vel-negative phenotype, and molecular investigations have contributed to explain Vel expression variability. The present study was aimed at screening for Vel negative blood donors and characterising the genetic changes found in Brazilian donors with altered Vel expression...
January 11, 2018: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
Kyle M Conner, AnnaMaria C Arostegui, Daniel D Swanson, Seth N Brown
The 2,2'-biphenylene-bridged bis(iminosemiquinone) complexes (t BuClip)M [t BuClipH4 = 4,4'-di- tert-butyl- N, N'-bis(3,5-di- tert-butyl-2-hydroxyphenyl)-2,2'-diaminobiphenyl; M = Pd, Pt] can be reduced to the bis(aminophenoxide) complexes (t BuClipH2 )M by reaction with hydrazobenzene (M = Pd) or by catalytic hydrogenation (M = Pt). The palladium complex with one aminophenoxide ligand and one iminosemiquinone ligand, (t BuClipH)Pd, is generated by comproportionation of (t BuClip)Pd with (t BuClipH2 )Pd in a process that is both slow (0...
March 8, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
E S Merijn Blaakmeer, Ernst R H van Eck, Arno P M Kentgens
The most commonly used cocatalyst species in Ziegler-Natta catalysts are aluminium alkyls. In this study we aim to find the interaction between aluminium centres of these activators and other components in the ZNC system. Initially we look at binary systems of Al-alkyl/MgCl2 and ternary systems of Al-alkyl/MgCl2 /TiCl4 , followed by donor containing systems. The aluminium alkyls prove to be very reactive species and only in the case of trimethylaluminium the alkyl is strongly present in the sample. This species appears to convert, however, over time...
March 7, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Edyta Wernio, Dariusz Jagielak, Jolanta Anna Dardzińska, Ewa Aleksandrowicz-Wrona, Jan Rogowski, Agnieszka Gruszecka, Sylwia Małgorzewicz
Severe aortic stenosis (AS) is associated with the reduction of muscle mass and may be associated with deterioration of nutritional status. Furthermore, malnourished cardiac patients are characterized by a higher risk of postoperative complications and mortality. The aim of this study was the evaluation and comparison of nutritional status, appetite and body composition in older people with severe aortic stenosis before aortic valve replacement and healthy elderly volunteers. One hundred and one patients, aged >65 years old with severe AS were included in the study...
March 5, 2018: Nutrients
Pingping Zhao, Fei Yu, Ruoyu Wang, Yao Ma, Yanqing Wu
The wide occurrence of antibiotics in groundwater has raised serious concerns due to their impacts on humans and the ecosystem. Most of the research in groundwater remediation focuses on the exploitation of nano-materials. However, nano-materials have several disadvantages such as high production cost, rapid reduction in permeability, disposal problems, and high sensitivity to environmental conditions. To solve these issues, novel sodium alginate/graphene oxide hydrogel beads (GSA) were synthesised and their effectiveness as permeable reactive barrier (PRB) backfill material in the remediation of ciprofloxacin (CPX)-contaminated groundwater was tested...
February 27, 2018: Chemosphere
Wei Yang, Chanjuan Liu, Yi Chen
Polydopamine (PDA)-based surface modification has been used in a variety of fields. However, a vague impression on the stability of PDA still exists due to a lack of systematic studies. To ascertain the issue and make better use of this surface modification method, a technique of surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) was exploited to study the stability of PDA coated on gold surface. The results showed that PDA-coating stability was largely dependent on pH of aqueous solutions, giving detachment ratios up to 66% and 80% at pH 1...
March 5, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
David Scott, Catherine Shore-Lorenti, Lachlan B McMillan, Jakub Mesinovic, Ross A Clark, Alan Hayes, Kerrie M Sanders, Gustavo Duque, Peter R Ebeling
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether associations of calf muscle density with physical function are independent of other determinants of functional decline in overweight and obese older adults. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study of 85 community-dwelling overweight and obese adults (mean±SD age 62.8±7.9 years; BMI 32.3±6.1 kg/m2; 58% women). Peripheral quantitative computed tomography assessed mid-calf muscle density (66% tibial length) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry determined visceral fat area...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
Christian Sögaard, Johan Funehag, Zareen Abbas
At present there is a pressing need to find an environmentally friendly grouting material for the construction of tunnels. Silica nanoparticles hold great potential of replacing the organic molecule based grouting materials currently used for this purpose. Chemically, silica nanoparticles are similar to natural silicates which are essential components of rocks and soil. Moreover, suspensions of silica nanoparticles of different sizes and desired reactivity are commercially available. However, the use of silica nanoparticles as grouting material is at an early stage of its technological development...
2018: Nano Convergence
Catherine L Tegeler, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A Shaltout, Jared F Cook, Sean L Simpson, Sung W Lee, Charles H Tegeler
BACKGROUND: Military-related post-traumatic stress (PTS) is associated with numerous symptom clusters and diminished autonomic cardiovascular regulation. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM®) is a noninvasive, closed-loop, allostatic, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology that produces real-time translation of dominant brain frequencies into audible tones of variable pitch and timing to support the auto-calibration of neural oscillations. We report clinical, autonomic, and functional effects after the use of HIRREM® for symptoms of military-related PTS...
December 22, 2017: Military Medical Research
J A Garden, S D Pike
The hydrolysis reaction between Brønsted basic organometallic or metal-amide reagents with Brønsted acidic OH groups from water or metal-hydroxides may act as a controlled stoichiometric strategy for the formation of M-O-M bonds, if careful consideration of reaction conditions is employed. This article explores the utilisation of highly reactive organometallic and metal-amide complexes from across the periodic table as reagents for the synthesis of metal-oxo clusters, oxo-bridged heterobimetallics and metal oxide nanoparticles...
March 2, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Gaspar Epro, Christopher McCrum, Andreas Mierau, Michael Leyendecker, Gert-Peter Bruggemann, Kiros Karamanidis
This study aimed to examine whether the triceps surae (TS) muscle-tendon unit (MTU) mechanical properties affects gait stability and its reactive adaptation potential to repeated perturbation exposure in older adults. Thirty-four older adults each experienced eight separate unexpected perturbations during treadmill walking, while a motion capture system was used to determine the margin of stability (MoS) and base of support (BoS). Ankle plantarflexor muscle strength and Achilles tendon (AT) stiffness were analysed using ultrasonography and dynamometry...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
Pavel Kucheryavy, Nicole Lahanas, Jenny V Lockard
A systematic comparison of host-guest interactions in two iron porphyrin-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), FeCl-PCN222 and FeCl-PCN224, with drastically different pore sizes and geometries is reported in this fundamental spectroscopy study. Guest molecules (acetone, imidazole, and piperidine) of different sizes, axial binding strengths, and reactivity with the iron porphyrin centers are employed to demonstrate the range of possible interactions that occur at the porphyrin sites inside the pores of the MOF...
March 1, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Xuewen Zhao, Hengti Wang, Zhiang Fu, Yongjin Li
Physically anchoring carbon nanotubes (CNTs) onto the interface of immiscible polymer blends has been extensively reported; however, enhancement of physical properties of the blends has seldom been achieved. Herein, we used CNTs with reactive epoxide groups and long polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) tails as a thermodynamic compatibilizer for immiscible poly vinylidene fluoride/poly L-lactide (PVDF/PLLA) blends. The CNTs acted as an efficient compatibilizer and bridged the two phases through physical entanglement and chemical reaction...
February 28, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Marisa N Spann, Catherine Monk, Dustin Scheinost, Bradley S Peterson
Prenatal maternal immune activation (MIA) is associated with altered brain development and risk of psychiatric disorders in offspring. Translational human studies of MIA are few in number. Alterations of the salience network has been implicated in the pathogenesis of the same psychiatric disorders associated with MIA. If MIA is pathogenic, then associated abnormalities in the salience network should be detectable in neonates immediately after birth. We tested the hypothesis that 3rd trimester MIA of adolescent women who are at risk for high stress and inflammation, is associated with the strength of functional connectivity in the salience network of their neonate...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
John R Harry, Max R Paquette, Brian K Schilling, Leland A Barker, C Roger James, Janet S Dufek
This study sought to identify kinetic and electromyographic (EMG) sub-phase characteristics distinguishing good from poor jumpers during countermovement vertical jumps (CMVJ), as defined by the reactive strength index (CMVJ displacement divided by jump time; RSI; cutoff=.46 m/s). Fifteen men (1.8±.6 m; 84.5±8.5 kg; 24±2 y) were stratified by RSI into good (n=6; RSI=.57±.07 m/s) and poor (n=9; RSI=.39±.06 m/s) performance groups. The following variables were compared between groups using independent t-tests (α=...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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