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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149677/effects-of-deslorelin-implants-on-reproduction-and-feeding-behavior-in-tasmanian-devils-sarcophilus-harrisii-housed-in-free-range-enclosures
#1
Holly R Cope, Carolyn J Hogg, Karen Fagg, Olivia Barnard, Peter J White, Catherine A Herbert
In captive breeding programs, it is becoming increasingly important to maximize the retention of genetic diversity by managing the reproductive contribution of each individual, which can be facilitated through the use of selective contraception. This becomes critical when captive populations are held for several generations, and managers must prevent the confines of housing space and financial support from compromising genetic integrity. For example, the Tasmanian devil insurance population, established in 2006, is strategically managed to equalize founder representation...
November 4, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149554/boron-dissolved-and-dust-atmospheric-inputs-to-a-forest-ecosystem-northeastern-france
#2
Philippe Roux, Marie Pierre Turpault, Gil Kirchen, Paul-Olivier Redon, Damien Lemarchand
Boron concentrations and isotopic compositions of atmospheric dust and dissolved depositions were monitored over a two-years period (2012-2013) in the forest ecosystem of Montiers (Northeastern France). This time series allows the determination of the boron atmospheric inputs to this forest ecosystem and contributes to refine our understanding of the sources and processes that control the boron atmospheric cycle. Mean annual dust and dissolved boron atmospheric depositions are comparable in size (13 g.ha-1...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149547/engineering-escherichia-coli-co-cultures-for-production-of-curcuminoids-from-glucose
#3
Zhen Fang, J Andrew Jones, Jingwen Zhou, Mattheos A G Koffas
Curcuminoids have attracted increasing attention because of the antioxidant, anticancer, and antitumor activities while their production is limited because of its main source, turmeric plant, demonstrates extensive seasonal variation. In this study, we constructed Escherichia coli co-culture system for the rapid production of curcuminoids from glucose. Firstly, the overexpression of curcuminoid synthase and four different strategies related to increasing the intracellular malonyl-CoA pool were conducted in engineered E...
November 17, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149439/trends-in-utilization-of-outpatient-respiratory-syncytial-virus-prophylaxis-with-palivizumab-among-medicaid-and-commercially-insured-infants
#4
Melissa Pavilack, Robert A Clifford, Tara Gonzales, Amanda M Kong, Sally Wade, Kimmie K McLaurin
INTRODUCTION: Palivizumab is indicated for the prevention of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in high-risk children. Previous palivizumab utilization studies examined prior authorization claims but did not examine utilization within insured populations as a whole. This study describes outpatient palivizumab utilization trends and characterizes high-risk infants receiving palivizumab within Medicaid- and commercially insured populations. METHODS: Infants born July 1, 2003 through June 30, 2013 were identified in the MarketScan(®) Multistate Medicaid and Commercial claims databases...
November 17, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149183/vaccine-effectiveness-against-laboratory-confirmed-influenza-hospitalizations-among-young-children-during-the-2010-11-to-2013-14-influenza-seasons-in-ontario-canada
#5
Sarah A Buchan, Hannah Chung, Michael A Campitelli, Natasha S Crowcroft, Jonathan B Gubbay, Timothy Karnauchow, Kevin Katz, Allison J McGeer, J Dayre McNally, David Richardson, Susan E Richardson, Laura C Rosella, Andrew Simor, Marek Smieja, Dat Tran, George Zahariadis, Jeffrey C Kwong
Uncertainty remains regarding the magnitude of effectiveness of influenza vaccines for preventing serious outcomes, especially among young children. We estimated vaccine effectiveness (VE) against laboratory-confirmed influenza hospitalizations among children aged 6-59 months. We used the test-negative design in hospitalized children in Ontario, Canada during the 2010-11 to 2013-14 influenza seasons. We used logistic regression models adjusted for age, season, and time within season to calculate VE estimates by vaccination status (full vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149132/lifelong-impression-remembering-one-of-our-own-during-the-holiday-season%C3%A2
#6
Mai-Fung Ho-Law
In life, meeting someone who truly possesses the gift of teaching is a blessing. As an exceptional mentor and role model, this person will inspire us to be the best that we can be and make us want to be better human beings. As oncology nurses, we have the honor of caring for patients who have been devastated by the diagnosis of cancer. Establishing deep connections with some of these patients will enrich and give more meaning to our own lives. 
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December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149128/who-we-are
#7
Ellen Carr
The holiday season may seem different this year with recent searing memories of individual and community heartbreak. For many, the holidays may be tough, and this season in particular may be very tough. Let's pause to take that in and remind ourselves of who we are: master clinicians who care for patients with cancer and their family members; caregiving instructors; and those prepared to answer the call, serving humanity. 
.
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148928/spatiotemporal-variations-and-relationship-of-pm-and-gaseous-pollutants-based-on-gray-correlation-analysis
#8
Yong Y Zhang, Ying Jia, Ming Li, Li A Hou
The present work characterizes the spatiotemporal variations of air pollution at four sites in Xi'an city. The investigations lasted for 1 year: January 1 through December 31, 2015. The concentrations of CO, NO2, O3, PM and SO2 were systematically monitored. The gray correlation analysis was used to correlate PM2.5 and gaseous pollutants. The formation mechanisms of sulfate and nitrate aerosols were discussed. Results clearly revealed severe air pollution by PM2.5, PM10 and NO2 at all four sites. Significant monthly variations were observed for PM2...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148911/report-from-enhanced-safety-surveillance-of-two-influenza-vaccines-vaxigrip-and-intanza-15%C3%AE-g-in-two-european-countries-during-influenza-season-2016-17-and-comparison-with-2015-16-season
#9
Anne Laure Chabanon, Hélène Bricout, Céline Ballandras, Audrey Souverain, Timothy David Caroe, Karina M Butler
Passive enhanced safety surveillance (ESS) was implemented in the United Kingdom and in the Republic of Ireland for Vaxigrip and Intanza 15µg influenza vaccines during the 2016/17 influenza season. Lessons learned during 2015/16 ESS implementation were integrated and applied towards the current ESS. The primary objective was to estimate the reporting rates of suspected adverse reactions (ARs) occurring within 7 days of vaccination with Vaxigrip or Intanza 15µg. For Vaxigrip (N = 962), 17 vaccinees (1.8%) reported 59 suspected ARs (6...
November 17, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148626/effects-of-detraining-on-breathing-pattern-and-ventilatory-efficiency-in-young-soccer-players
#10
José R Alvero Cruz, Mauro Ronconi, Jerónimo Garcia Romero, José Naranjo Orellana
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effects of detraining on breathing pattern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a sixweek detraining period on breathing patterns and ventilatory efficiency. METHODS: Fourteen young soccer players were evaluated at the end of a competitive season and after a sixweek detraining period. Assessment of respiratory efficiency was based on VE/VCO2 slope changes below 70% of exercise intensity. All participants underwent twice an incremental graded exercise test up to exhaustion...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148574/effects-of-high-temperatures-and-drought-during-anthesis-and-grain-filling-period-on-wheat-processing-quality-and-underlying-gluten-structural-changes
#11
Jasna Mastilović, Dragan Živančev, Eva Lončar, Radomir Malbaša, Nikola Hristov, Žarko Kevrešan
BACKGROUND: Climate changes do not only affect wheat yield, but also its quality. The information on this topic gathered so far is somewhat contradictory and insufficient. Climate changes are also affecting wheat indirectly through their influence on the ecosystem, including insects and fungi that affect the wheat technological quality. The aim of this study has been to examine trends in structural and technological changes of wheat quality under conditions typical of climate changes...
November 17, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148411/vitamin-d-status-in-spondyloarthritis-results-of-the-asas-comospa-international-study
#12
Sílvia Fernandes, Adrien Etcheto, Désirée van der Heijde, Robert Landewé, Filip van den Bosch, Maxime Dougados, Anna Moltó
OBJECTIVES: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) encompasses both bone production and bone loss, and the latter is particularly linked to inflammation. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with several inflammatory conditions (i.e. cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis), but it has been poorly evaluated in SpA patients. We aimed to a) describe the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in SpA patients worldwide; b) compare SpA patients with and without vitamin D deficiency in terms of disease phenotype, activity severity and comorbidities...
November 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148214/does-cross-acclimation-between-drought-and-freezing-stress-persist-over-ecologically-relevant-time-spans-a-test-using-the-grass-poa-pratensis
#13
Ricky S Kong, Hugh A L Henry
Despite evidence that prior exposure to drought can increase subsequent plant freezing tolerance, few studies have explored such interactions over ecologically-relevant time spans. We examined the combined effects of drought and subsequent freezing on tiller growth and leaf sugar concentrations in the grass, Poa pratensis. We exposed tillers to no drought (-0.04 MPa), moderate drought (-0.19 MPa) or severe drought (-0.42 MPa) for 3 weeks in summer. Tillers were then frozen in fall or spring at -5˚C (frost damage) or at 0˚C (control) for 3 d and harvested after a re-growth period...
November 17, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147936/effect-of-breeding-method-and-season-on-pregnancy-rate-and-embryonic-and-fetal-losses-in-lactating-nili-ravi-buffaloes
#14
Arslan Qayyum, Usman Arshad, Muhammad Rizwan Yousuf, Nasim Ahmad
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of breeding method and season on pregnancy rate and cumulative embryonic and fetal losses in Nili-Ravi buffalo. Estrus detection was performed twice a day by teaser buffalo bull for 1 hour each. A 2 × 2 factorial design was used to address the breeding method and season. Buffaloes (n = 130) exhibiting estrus were randomly assigned to be bred either in peak breeding season (PBS; n = 80) or low breeding season (LBS; n = 50). Within each season, buffaloes were divided to receive either natural service (NS; n = 65) or artificial insemination (AI; n = 65)...
November 16, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147737/genetic-dissection-of-early-season-cold-tolerance-in-sorghum-genome-wide-association-studies-for-seedling-emergence-and-survival-under-field-and-controlled-environment-conditions
#15
Sebastian Parra-Londono, Karin Fiedler, Mareike Kavka, Birgit Samans, Silke Wieckhorst, Arndt Zacharias, Ralf Uptmoor
A QTL on sorghum chromosome SBI-06 putatively improves field emergence under low-temperature conditions. Low temperatures decisively limit seedling emergence and vigor during early growth of sorghum and, thus, strongly impair geographical expansion. To broaden sorghum cultivation to temperate regions, the establishment of cold-tolerant genotypes is a prioritized breeding goal. The present study aims at the quantification of seedling emergence and survival under chilling temperatures and the detection of marker-trait associations controlling temperature-related seedling establishment...
November 16, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147496/markov-chain-based-acute-effect-estimation-of-air-pollution-on-elder-asthma-hospitalization
#16
Li Luo, Fengyi Zhang, Wei Zhang, Lin Sun, Chunyang Li, Debin Huang, Gao Han, Bin Wang
Background: Asthma caused substantial economic and health care burden and is susceptible to air pollution. Particularly, when it comes to elder asthma patient (older than 65), the phenomenon is more significant. The aim of this study is to investigate the Markov-based acute effects of air pollution on elder asthma hospitalizations, in forms of transition probabilities. Methods: A retrospective, population-based study design was used to assess temporal patterns in hospitalizations for asthma in a region of Sichuan province, China...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147467/problematic-communications-during-2016-fellowship-recruitment-in-internal-medicine
#17
Patricia A Cornett, Chris Williams, Richard L Alweis, John McConville, Michael Frank, Bhavin Dalal, Richard I Kopelman, Vera P Luther, Alec B O'connor, Elaine A Muchmore
Some internal medicine residency program directors have expressed concerns that their third-year residents may have been subjected to inappropriate communication during the 2016 fellowship recruitment season. The authors sought to study applicants' interpersonal communication experiences with fellowship programs. Many respondents indicated that they had been asked questions that would constitute violations of the National Residency Matching Program (NRMP) Communications Code of Conduct agreement, including how they plan to rank specific programs...
2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147456/prevalence-of-sun-protection-at-outdoor-recreation-and-leisure-venues-at-resorts-in-north-america
#18
Barbara J Walkosz, Michael D Scott, David B Buller, Peter A Andersen, Larry Beck, Gary R Cutter
Background: Exposure to solar ultra violet radiation (UVR) is a primary risk factor for skin cancer. Vacationers often fail to protect themselves from harmful UVR. Purpose: The study assessed the sun protection practices of resort guests in various outdoor leisure and recreation venues during warm-weather seasons. Method: 41 North American resorts were enrolled in a quasi-experimental randomized controlled trial. Adult guests were observed (n=4091) and surveyed (n=3694) in a cross sectional sample...
2017: American Journal of Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147121/ambient-air-pollution-and-daily-hospital-admissions-for-cardiovascular-diseases-in-arak-iran
#19
Mostafa Vahedian, Narges Khanjani, Moghaddameh Mirzaee, Ali Koolivand
BACKGROUND: Outdoor air pollution has been considered as one of the most serious health concerns over the last decade. This study aimed to investigate the association between ambient air pollution and cardiovascular hospital admissions. METHODS: This investigation was carried out from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015, in the urban population of Arak, Iran. Daily records of concentrations of air pollutants including particulate matter less than 10 µm (PM10), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particulate matter less than 2...
May 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146770/environmental-population-and-life-stage-plasticity-in-the-visual-system-of-atlantic-cod
#20
Ragnhild Valen, Rita Karlsen, Jon Vidar Helvik
The visual system is for many fishes essential in guiding behaviors such as foraging, predator avoidance and mate choice. The marine environment is characterized by large spatiotemporal fluctuations in light intensity and spectral composition. However, visual capabilities are restricted by both space limitations set by eye size, and by the genomic content of light absorbing opsin genes. The rich array of visual opsins in teleosts may be used differentially to tune vision towards specific needs during ontogeny, and to changing light...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
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