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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930585/leishmaniasis-treatment-update-of-possibilities-for-drug-repurposing
#1
Valter Viana Andrade-Neto, Edezio Ferreira Cunha-Junior, Viviane Dos Santos Faioes, Thais Pereira Martins, Raphaela Lopes Silva, Leonor Laura Leon, Eduardo Caio Torres-Santos
The leishmaniases represent a public health problem in under-developed countries and are considered a neglected disease by the World Health Organization (WHO). They are cuased by Leishmania  parasites with different clinical manifestations. Currently, there is no vaccine, and treatment is in-efficient and is associated with both serious side effects often leading to resistance to the parasites. Thus, it is essential to search for new treatment strategies, such as drug repurposing, i.e., the use of drugs that are already used for other diseases...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927895/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-the-presence-and-extension-of-atherosclerotic-plaques-in-middle-aged-asymptomatic-adults-the-aragon-workers-health-study
#2
Rocío Mateo-Gallego, Irina Uzhova, Belén Moreno-Franco, Montserrat León-Latre, José A Casasnovas, Martín Laclaustra, José L Peñalvo, Fernando Civeira
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet (MeDi) is known to prevent cardiovascular events but the mechanisms mediating this association are not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the association between MeDi adherence and the presence and extent of atherosclerotic plaques in carotid, femoral, and aorta territories and its relationship with risk factors in asymptomatic middle-aged adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of the Aragon Workers' Health Study, a cohort of 2588 subjects (94...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920634/outcomes-analysis-of-stent-graft-repair-for-thoracic-aorta-emergencies
#3
Mourad Boufi, Florent Vernet, Bianca Dona, Olivier Hartung, Anderson D Loundou, Martine Haccoun, Marc Leone, Yves S Alimi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify patient, pathology and procedure-related factors affecting perioperative and mid-term mortality of thoracic aorta emergencies. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2014, patients treated emergently with thoracic stent-graft were retrospectively reviewed. Variables analyzed were: age, renal insufficiency, shock, cardiac arrest, transfer status, pathology, debranching procedures, operation duration, vascular access and European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE)...
December 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919712/recent-developments-in-the-clinical-pharmacology-of-rolapitant-subanalyses-in-specific-populations
#4
REVIEW
Bernardo Leon Rapoport, Matti Aapro, Martin R Chasen, Karin Jordan, Rudolph M Navari, Ian Schnadig, Lee Schwartzberg
Knowledge of the involvement of the neurokinin substance P in emesis has led to the development of the neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists (NK-1 RAs) for control of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV), in combination with serotonin type 3 receptor antagonists and corticosteroids. The NK-1 RA rolapitant, recently approved in oral formulation, has nanomolar affinity for the NK-1 receptor, as do the other commercially available NK-1 RAs, aprepitant and netupitant. Rolapitant is rapidly absorbed and has a long half-life in comparison to aprepitant and netupitant...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916602/validation-study-of-image-based-fractional-flow-reserve-during-coronary-angiography
#5
Mariano Pellicano, Ifat Lavi, Bernard De Bruyne, Hana Vaknin-Assa, Abid Assali, Orna Valtzer, Yonit Lotringer, Giora Weisz, Yaron Almagor, Panagiotis Xaplanteris, Ajay J Kirtane, Pablo Codner, Martin B Leon, Ran Kornowski
BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR), an index of the hemodynamic severity of coronary stenoses, is derived from invasive measurements and requires a pressure-monitoring guidewire and hyperemic stimulus. Angiography-derived FFR measurements (FFRangio) may have several advantages. The aim of this study is to assess the diagnostic performance and interobserver reproducibility of FFRangio in patients with stable coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: FFRangio is a computational method based on rapid flow analysis for the assessment of FFR...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902309/-lead-poisoning-and-marginalization-in-newborns-of-morelos-mexico
#6
Martha María Téllez-Rojo, Luis F Bautista-Arredondo, Vesta Richardson, Daniel Estrada-Sánchez, Laura Ávila-Jiménez, Camilo Ríos, Alejandra Cantoral-Preciado, Martín Romero-Martínez, Delia Flores-Pimentel, María Del Carmen Melo-Zurita, Anita Romero-Ramírez, Marco Antonio León-Mazón, Sergio Montes, Richard Fuller, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila
Objective: To determine the prevalence of lead (Pb) poisoning at birth in Morelos, analyze its distribution by social marginalization level, and estimate the association with the use of lead glazed ceramics (LGC). Materials and methods: Blood lead level (BLL) in umbilical cord was measured in a representative sample of 300 randomly selected births at the Morelos Health Services and state IMSS. Results: The prevalence of Pb poisoning at birth (BLL> 5μg/dL) was 14...
May 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899000/rhoa-rock-signalling-is-necessary-for-lateralization-and-differentiation-of-the-developing-sinoatrial-node
#7
Rebecca Vicente-Steijn, Tim P Kelder, Leon G Tertoolen, Lambertus J Wisse, Daniël A Pijnappels, Robert E Poelmann, Martin J Schalij, Marco C deRuiter, Adriana C Gittenberger-de Groot, Monique R M Jongbloed
Aims: RHOA-ROCK signalling regulates cell migration, proliferation, differentiation, and transcription. RHOA is expressed in the developing cardiac conduction system in chicken and mice. In early development, the entire sinus venosus myocardium, including both the transient left-sided and the definitive sinoatrial node (SAN), has pacemaker potential. Later, pacemaker potential is restricted to the right-sided SAN. Disruption of RHOA expression in adult mice causes arrhythmias including bradycardia and atrial fibrillation, the mechanism of which is unknown but presumed to affect the SAN...
August 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864456/history-of-comorbidities-and-survival-of-ovarian-cancer-patients-results-from-the-ovarian-cancer-association-consortium
#8
Albina N Minlikeeva, Jo L Freudenheim, Kevin H Eng, Rikki A Cannioto, Grace Friel, J Brian Szender, Brahm Segal, Kunle Odunsi, Paul Mayor, Brenda Diergaarde, Emese Zsiros, Linda E Kelemen, Martin Köbel, Helen Steed, Anna deFazio, Susan J Jordan, Peter A Fasching, Matthias W Beckmann, Harvey A Risch, Mary Anne Rossing, Jennifer A Doherty, Jenny Chang-Claude, Marc T Goodman, Thilo Dörk, Robert Edwards, Francesmary Modugno, Roberta B Ness, Keitaro Matsuo, Mika Mizuno, Beth Y Karlan, Ellen L Goode, Susanne K Kjær, Estrid Høgdall, Joellen M Schildkraut, Kathryn L Terry, Daniel W Cramer, Elisa V Bandera, Lisa E Paddock, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Leon F A G Massuger, Rebecca Sutphen, Hoda Anton-Culver, Argyrios Ziogas, Usha Menon, Simon A Gayther, Susan J Ramus, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Celeste L Pearce, Anna H Wu, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Allan Jensen, Penelope M Webb, Kirsten B Moysich
Background: Comorbidities can affect survival of ovarian cancer patients by influencing treatment efficacy. However, little evidence exists on the association between individual concurrent comorbidities and prognosis in ovarian cancer patients.Methods: Among patients diagnosed with invasive ovarian carcinoma who participated in 23 studies included in the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium, we explored associations between histories of endometriosis; asthma; depression; osteoporosis; and autoimmune, gallbladder, kidney, liver, and neurological diseases and overall and progression-free survival...
September 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836339/visual-estimation-versus-different-quantitative-coronary-angiography-methods-to-assess-lesion-severity-in-bifurcation-lesions
#9
Maik J Grundeken, Carlos Collet, Yuki Ishibashi, Philippe Généreux, Takashi Muramatsu, Laura LaSalle, Aaron V Kaplan, Joanna J Wykrzykowska, Marie-Angèle Morel, Jan G Tijssen, Robbert J de Winter, Yoshinobu Onuma, Martin B Leon, Patrick W Serruys
OBJECTIVES: To compare visual estimation with different quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) methods (single-vessel versus bifurcation software) to assess coronary bifurcation lesions. BACKGROUND: QCA has been developed to overcome the limitations of visual estimation. Conventional QCA however, developed in "straight vessels," has proved to be inaccurate in bifurcation lesions. Therefore, bifurcation QCA was developed. However, the impact of these different modalities on bifurcation lesion severity classification is yet unknown METHODS: From a randomized controlled trial investigating a novel bifurcation stent (Clinicaltrials...
August 24, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833380/population-pharmacokinetics-of-the-mek-inhibitor-selumetinib-and-its-active-n-desmethyl-metabolite-data-from-ten-phase-i-trials
#10
Parul Patel, Eleanor Howgate, Paul Martin, David J Carlile, Leon Aarons, Diansong Zhou
AIMS: To characterise the pharmacokinetics (PK) of selumetinib (AZD6244; ARRY-142886), a MEK1/2 inhibitor in clinical development for numerous indications, and its N-desmethyl metabolite in healthy volunteers, and evaluate clinically important covariates. METHODS: A pooledpopulation PK analysis was performed using a non-linear mixed effects approach with plasma concentration data from 346 subjects who received single oral doses of selumetinib 20-75 mg across ten Phase I studies...
August 23, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832025/corrigendum-whole-genome-analysis-of-a-schistosomiasis-transmitting-freshwater-snail
#11
Coen M Adema, LaDeana W Hillier, Catherine S Jones, Eric S Loker, Matty Knight, Patrick Minx, Guilherme Oliveira, Nithya Raghavan, Andrew Shedlock, Laurence Rodrigues do Amaral, Halime D Arican-Goktas, Juliana G Assis, Elio Hideo Baba, Olga L Baron, Christopher J Bayne, Utibe Bickham-Wright, Kyle K Biggar, Michael Blouin, Bryony C Bonning, Chris Botka, Joanna M Bridger, Katherine M Buckley, Sarah K Buddenborg, Roberta Lima Caldeira, Julia Carleton, Omar S Carvalho, Maria G Castillo, Iain W Chalmers, Mikkel Christensens, Sandra Clifton, Celine Cosseau, Christine Coustau, Richard M Cripps, Yesid Cuesta-Astroz, Scott F Cummins, Leon Di Stefano, Nathalie Dinguirard, David Duval, Scott Emrich, Cédric Feschotte, Rene Feyereisen, Peter FitzGerald, Catrina Fronick, Lucinda Fulton, Richard Galinier, Sandra G Gava, Michael Geusz, Kathrin K Geyer, Gloria I Giraldo-Calderón, Matheus de Souza Gomes, Michelle A Gordy, Benjamin Gourbal, Christoph Grunau, Patrick C Hanington, Karl F Hoffmann, Daniel Hughes, Judith Humphries, Daniel J Jackson, Liana K Jannotti-Passos, Wander de Jesus Jeremias, Susan Jobling, Bishoy Kamel, Aurélie Kapusta, Satwant Kaur, Joris M Koene, Andrea B Kohn, Dan Lawson, Scott P Lawton, Di Liang, Yanin Limpanont, Sijun Liu, Anne E Lockyer, Ty Anna L Lovato, Fernanda Ludolf, Vince Magrini, Donald P McManus, Monica Medina, Milind Misra, Guillaume Mitta, Gerald M Mkoji, Michael J Montague, Cesar Montelongo, Leonid L Moroz, Monica C Munoz-Torres, Umar Niazi, Leslie R Noble, Francislon S Oliveira, Fabiano S Pais, Anthony T Papenfuss, Rob Peace, Janeth J Pena, Emmanuel A Pila, Titouan Quelais, Brian J Raney, Jonathan P Rast, David Rollinson, Izinara C Rosse, Bronwyn Rotgans, Edwin J Routledge, Kathryn M Ryan, Larissa L S Scholte, Kenneth B Storey, Martin Swain, Jacob A Tennessen, Chad Tomlinson, Damian L Trujillo, Emanuela V Volpi, Anthony J Walker, Tianfang Wang, Ittiprasert Wannaporn, Wesley C Warren, Xiao-Jun Wu, Timothy P Yoshino, Mohammed Yusuf, Si-Ming Zhang, Min Zhao, Richard K Wilson
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15451.
August 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822036/filling-the-gaps-in-the-classification-of-the-digenea-carus-1863-systematic-position-of-the-proterodiplostomidae-dubois-1936-within-the-superfamily-diplostomoidea-poirier-1886-inferred-from-nuclear-and-mitochondrial-dna-sequences
#12
David Iván Hernández-Mena, Martín García-Varela, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León
The Diplostomida Olson, Cribb, Tkach, Bray & Littlewood, 2003 is the less diverse order of the two orders within the subclass Digenea Carus, 1863 and is currently classified into three superfamilies, i.e. Brachylaimoidea Joyeux & Foley, 1930, Diplostomoidea Poirier, 1886, and Schistosomatoidea Stiles & Hassall, 1898. Although the suprageneric-level relationships have been elucidated with the use of molecular markers, the lack of representation of some groups obscure the phylogenetic relationships among families, rendering the classification unstable...
August 18, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812743/cross-realm-assessment-of-climate-change-impacts-on-species-abundance-trends
#13
Diana E Bowler, Christian Hof, Peter Haase, Ingrid Kröncke, Oliver Schweiger, Rita Adrian, Léon Baert, Hans-Günther Bauer, Theo Blick, Rob W Brooker, Wouter Dekoninck, Sami Domisch, Reiner Eckmann, Frederik Hendrickx, Thomas Hickler, Stefan Klotz, Alexandra Kraberg, Ingolf Kühn, Silvia Matesanz, Angelika Meschede, Hermann Neumann, Robert O'Hara, David J Russell, Anne F Sell, Moritz Sonnewald, Stefan Stoll, Andrea Sundermann, Oliver Tackenberg, Michael Türkay, Fernando Valladares, Kok van Herk, Roel van Klink, Rikjan Vermeulen, Karin Voigtländer, Rüdiger Wagner, Erik Welk, Martin Wiemers, Karen H Wiltshire, Katrin Böhning-Gaese
Climate change, land-use change, pollution and exploitation are among the main drivers of species' population trends; however, their relative importance is much debated. We used a unique collection of over 1,000 local population time series in 22 communities across terrestrial, freshwater and marine realms within central Europe to compare the impacts of long-term temperature change and other environmental drivers from 1980 onwards. To disentangle different drivers, we related species' population trends to species- and driver-specific attributes, such as temperature and habitat preference or pollution tolerance...
February 17, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810235/obesity-as-a-conditioning-factor-for-high-altitude-diseases
#14
Rocío San Martin, Julio Brito, Patricia Siques, Fabiola León-Velarde
Obesity, a worldwide epidemic, has become a major health burden because it is usually accompanied by an increased risk for insulin resistance, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and even some kinds of cancer. It also results in associated increases in healthcare expenditures and labor and economic consequences. There are also other fields of medicine and biology where obesity or being overweight play a major role, such as high-altitude illnesses (acute mountain sickness, hypoxic pulmonary hypertension, and chronic mountain sickness), where an increasing relationship among these two morbid statuses has been demonstrated...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809722/classification-for-assessing-the-quality-of-diagnostic-coronary-angiography
#15
Philippe Généreux, Roxana Mehran, Martin B Leon, Nicolas Bettinger, Gregg W Stone
Coronary angiography remains the gold standard for diagnosing obstructive coronary artery disease. However, no standardized, objective, and quantitative classification to assess the quality of coronary angiography exists. In the present report, we sought to establish a novel standardized quantitative classification for the quality of coronary angiography, taking into consideration two main parameters: coronary contrast filling and coronary sinus contrast reflux. Intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility performed among 70 angiograms and 9 readers demonstrated excellent and substantial reproducibility, respectively...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806082/the-discovery-of-novel-antimalarial-aminoxadiazoles-as-a-promising-nonendoperoxide-scaffold
#16
Elena Sandoval, María José Lafuente-Monasterio, María J Almela, Pablo Castañeda, María Belén Jiménez Díaz, María S Martínez-Martínez, Jaume Vidal, Íñigo Angulo-Barturen, Paul Bamborough, Jeremy Burrows, Nicholas Cammack, María J Chaparro, José M Coterón, Cristina de Cozar, Benigno Crespo, Beatriz Díaz, Gerard Drewes, Esther Fernández, Santiago Ferrer-Bazaga, María Teresa Fraile, Francisco J Gamo, Sonja Ghidelli-Disse, Rubén Gómez, John Haselden, Sophie Huss, María Luisa León, Jaime de Mercado, Simon J F Macdonald, José Ignacio Martín Hernando, Sara Prats, Margarita Puente, Anne Rodríguez, Juan C de la Rosa, Lourdes Rueda, Carolyn Selenski, Paul Willis, David M Wilson, Michael Witty, Félix Calderón
Since the appearance of resistance to the current front-line antimalarial treatments, ACTs (artemisinin combination therapies), the discovery of novel chemical entities to treat the disease is recognized as a major global health priority. From the GSK antimalarial set, we identified an aminoxadiazole with an antiparasitic profile comparable with artemisinin (1), with no cross-resistance in a resistant strains panel and a potential new mode of action. A medicinal chemistry program allowed delivery of compounds such as 19 with high solubility in aqueous media, an acceptable toxicological profile, and oral efficacy...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798182/draft-genome-sequences-of-yersinia-frederiksenii-yersinia-intermedia-and-yersinia-kristensenii-strains-from-brazil
#17
Priscilla Fernanda Martins Imori, Fábio Campioni, Guojie Cao, George Kastanis, Maria Sanchez Leon, Marc William Allard, Juliana Pfrimer Falcão
Yersinia enterocolitica-like strains are usually understudied. In this work, we reported the draft genome sequences of two Yersinia frederiksenii, two Yersinia intermedia, and two Yersinia kristensenii strains isolated from humans, animals, food, and the environment in Brazil. These draft genomes will provide better molecular characterizations of these species.
August 10, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794001/randomized-comparison-of-ridaforolimus-eluting-and-zotarolimus-eluting-coronary-stents-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-primary-results-from-the-bionics-trial
#18
David E Kandzari, Pieter C Smits, Michael P Love, Ori Ben-Yehuda, Shmuel Banai, Simon D Robinson, Michael Jonas, Ran Kornowski, Rodrigo Bagur, Andres Iniguez, Haim D Danenberg, Robert L Feldman, Rajiv Jauhar, Harish Chandna, Manish A Parikh, Gidon Y Perlman, Mercedes Balcells, Peter M Markham, Melek Ozgu Ozan, Philippe Genereux, Elazer Edelman, Martin B Leon, Gregg W Stone
Background -The safety and efficacy of a novel cobalt alloy-based coronary stent with a durable elastomeric polymer eluting the antiproliferative agent ridaforolimus for treatment of patients with coronary artery disease is undetermined. Methods -A prospective, international 1:1 randomized trial was conducted to evaluate in a noninferiority design the relative safety and efficacy of ridaforolimus-eluting stents (RES) and slow-release zotarolimus-eluting stents (ZES) among 1,919 patients at 76 centers undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention...
August 9, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760429/evidence-based-recommendations-and-expert-consensus-on-enteral-nutrition-in-the-adult-patient-with-diabetes-mellitus-or-hyperglycemia
#19
Alejandro Sanz-Paris, Julia Álvarez Hernández, María D Ballesteros-Pomar, Francisco Botella-Romero, Miguel León-Sanz, Ángela Martín-Palmero, Miguel Ángel Martínez Olmos, Gabriel Olveira
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop evidence-based recommendations for glycemic control of patients with diabetes mellitus or stress hyperglycemia who are receiving enteral nutrition (EN). METHODS: A Delphi survey method using Grading Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation criteria was utilized for evaluation of suitable studies. RESULTS: In patients with diabetes or stress hyperglycemia who were on EN support, the following results were found: CONCLUSIONS: These recommendations and suggestions regarding enteral feeding in patients with diabetes and hyperglycemia have direct clinical applicability...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760396/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-with-new-generation-devices-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Marco Barbanti, Sergio Buccheri, Josep Rodés-Cabau, Simona Gulino, Philippe Généreux, Gerlando Pilato, Danny Dvir, Andrea Picci, Giuliano Costa, Corrado Tamburino, Martin B Leon, John G Webb
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a weighted meta-analysis to determine the rates of acute (≤30days) major outcomes after (TAVR) with second-generation devices. METHODS: A comprehensive search of multiple electronic databases from January 2011 to May 2017 was conducted using predefined criteria. New-generation TAVR devices were defined as any device which received CE mark approval or is still under evaluation for CE marking after CoreValve and SAPIEN XT prostheses...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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