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Binge eating and mindfulness

José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Lara Palmeira, Paula Castilho, Cristiana Duarte, Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Duarte, Marina Cunha, Marcela Matos, Joana Costa
This study explores the efficacy of BEfree, a 12-session group intervention that integrates psychoeducation, mindfulness, compassion and value-based action, in a sample of overweight and obese women with binge eating disorder (N = 31). We used repeated measures analyses of variance and explored processes of change in binge eating and eating psychopathology. At post-intervention, participants decreased in binge eating severity, eating psychopathology, external shame, self-criticism, psychological inflexibility, body image cognitive fusion and increased self-compassion and engagement with valued actions...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Rebecca Dugué, Silke Keller, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Gitta A Jacob
Mental images play a role in various mental disorders and are strongly associated with emotions. Negative emotions and their regulation are important in eating disorders. However, research on mental imagery in eating disorders is still scarce. We investigated mental images and their relation to distress and eating disorder psychopathology in individuals with binge eating behaviour. Content and characteristics of mental images and their relation to psychopathology of 21 individuals with binge eating behaviour, 19 mixed patient controls and 21 healthy controls have been assessed with a semi-structured interview...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Sara Boucher, Olivia Edwards, Andrew Gray, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Jason Lillis, Tracy L Tylka, Caroline C Horwath
BACKGROUND: Middle-aged women are at risk of weight gain and associated comorbidities. Deliberate restriction of food intake (dieting) produces short-term weight loss but is largely unsuccessful for long-term weight management. Two promising approaches for the prevention of weight gain are intuitive eating (ie, eating in accordance with hunger and satiety signals) and the development of greater psychological flexibility (ie, the aim of acceptance and commitment therapy [ACT]). OBJECTIVES: This pilot study investigated the usage, acceptability, and feasibility of "Mind, Body, Food," a Web-based weight gain prevention intervention prototype that teaches intuitive eating and psychological flexibility skills...
October 14, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Alexis Ruffault, Sébastien Czernichow, Martin S Hagger, Margot Ferrand, Nelly Erichot, Claire Carette, Emilie Boujut, Cécile Flahault
The aim of this study was to conduct a comprehensive quantitative synthesis of the effects of mindfulness training interventions on weight-loss and health behaviours in adults with overweight and obesity using meta-analytic techniques. Studies included in the analysis (k=12) were randomised controlled trials investigating the effects of any form of mindfulness training on weight loss, impulsive eating, binge eating, or physical activity participation in adults with overweight and obesity. Random effects meta-analysis revealed that mindfulness training had no significant effect on weight loss, but an overall negative effect on impulsive eating (d=-1...
September 19, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Alexis Ruffault, Claire Carette, Kàtia Lurbe I Puerto, Nicolas Juge, Alain Beauchet, Jean-Jacques Benoliel, Jean-Marc Lacorte, Jean F Fournier, Sébastien Czernichow, Cécile Flahault
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions for healthy behaviors such as exercise and dietary modifications have aroused growing interest. This study aims to test the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based intervention for the reduction of impulsive eating and the improvement of motivation to exercise among obese individuals. METHODS: One-hundred and twenty obese outpatients, aged 18 to 65years, diagnosed with a binge eating disorder, will be randomly assigned to one of the three following groups: mindfulness practice, sham meditation, or treatment as usual control...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Bernadette Pivarunas, Nichole R Kelly, Courtney K Pickworth, Omni Cassidy, Rachel M Radin, Lisa M Shank, Anna Vannucci, Amber B Courville, Kong Y Chen, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Jack A Yanovski, Lauren B Shomaker
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationship of dispositional mindfulness to binge eating and associated eating attitudes and behaviors among adolescent girls at risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Participants were 114 overweight or obese adolescents enrolled in a study of girls with a family history of T2D and mild depressive symptoms. Adolescent self-reports of mindfulness, eating in the absence of hunger, and depressive symptoms were collected...
September 2015: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Ashley E Mason, Robert H Lustig, Rashida R Brown, Michael Acree, Peter Bacchetti, Patricia J Moran, Mary Dallman, Barbara Laraia, Nancy Adler, Frederick M Hecht, Jennifer Daubenmier, Elissa S Epel
There are currently no commonly used or easily accessible 'biomarkers' of hedonic eating. Physiologic responses to acute opioidergic blockade, indexed by cortisol changes and nausea, may represent indirect functional measures of opioid-mediated hedonic eating drive and predict weight loss following a mindfulness-based intervention for stress eating. In the current study, we tested whether cortisol and nausea responses induced by oral ingestion of an opioidergic antagonist (naltrexone) correlated with weight and self-report measures of hedonic eating and predicted changes in these measures following a mindfulness-based weight loss intervention...
August 2015: Appetite
Seung-Mok Youm, Ji Young Kim, Jeong Rim Lee
A 21-year-old female with a history of bulimia nervosa came to the emergency room due to severe abdominal pain after excessive eating five hours previously. On arrival at the emergency room, extreme abdominal distension was detected and the patient's legs changed color. Computed tomography suggested severe gastric dilatation, so abdominal compartment syndrome was suspected and an emergent laparotomy was supposed to be conducted. Though anesthesia was induced without event, abrupt hemodynamic collapse developed just after the operation started...
April 2015: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
PURPOSE: This study tests the Emotional Eating Scale (EES) psychometric properties and correlates, and the moderator effect of body image flexibility on the association between emotional eating and binge eating. METHODS: The EES factorial structure was examined in female college students and women from the general population, through a principal component analysis and a confirmatory factor analysis. EES psychometric properties and moderation analyses were further conducted...
December 2015: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Kristen G Barbee, Gayle M Timmerman
PURPOSE: To examine the relationships among nonpurge binge eating, emotional eating, and diet-related self-efficacy in perimenopausal women, a population at risk for weight gain. DESIGN OF STUDY: Descriptive correlational study. METHOD: Secondary analysis of baseline data for a weight gain prevention intervention, Mindful Restaurant Eating, with a sample of healthy perimenopausal women (n = 43). FINDINGS: Controlling for age and body mass index, the binge eating severity was associated with emotional eating (partial r = ...
December 2015: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Kathryn M Godfrey, Linda C Gallo, Niloofar Afari
Mindfulness-based interventions are increasingly used to treat binge eating. The effects of these interventions have not been reviewed comprehensively. This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to summarize the literature on mindfulness-based interventions and determine their impact on binge eating behavior. PubMED, Web of Science, and PsycINFO were searched using keywords binge eating, overeating, objective bulimic episodes, acceptance and commitment therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, mindfulness, meditation, mindful eating...
April 2015: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Beth Renwick, Peter Musiat, Anna Lose, Hannah DeJong, Hannah Broadbent, Martha Kenyon, Rachel Loomes, Charlotte Watson, Shreena Ghelani, Lucy Serpell, Lorna Richards, Eric Johnson-Sabine, Nicky Boughton, Janet Treasure, Ulrike Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the neuro- and social-cognitive profile of a consecutive series of adult outpatients with anorexia nervosa (AN) when compared with widely available age and gender matched historical control data. The relationship between performance profiles, clinical characteristics, service utilization, and treatment adherence was also investigated. METHOD: Consecutively recruited outpatients with a broad diagnosis of AN (restricting subtype AN-R: n = 44, binge-purge subtype AN-BP: n = 33 or Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified-AN subtype EDNOS-AN: n = 23) completed a comprehensive set of neurocognitive (set-shifting, central coherence) and social-cognitive measures (Emotional Theory of Mind)...
January 2015: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Michael E Levin, Kristy Dalrymple, Susan Himes, Mark Zimmerman
There has been growing research indicating the potential positive benefits of mindfulness-based interventions for obesity, but few studies have examined the relationship of mindfulness processes to obesity-related behaviors, particularly among clinical populations such as bariatric surgery candidates. The current study examined the relationship of specific mindfulness facets to a variety of problematic eating behaviors assessed through diagnostic interviews in a clinical sample of 820 patients seeking bariatric surgery...
April 2014: Eating Behaviors
Shawn N Katterman, Brighid M Kleinman, Megan M Hood, Lisa M Nackers, Joyce A Corsica
Mindfulness-based approaches are growing in popularity as interventions for disordered eating and weight loss. Initial research suggests that mindfulness meditation may be an effective intervention for binge eating; however, no systematic review has examined interventions where mindfulness meditation was the primary intervention and no review has examined its effect on subclinical disordered eating or weight. Using the PRISMA method for systematic reviews, we reviewed 14 studies that investigated mindfulness meditation as the primary intervention and assessed binge eating, emotional eating, and/or weight change...
April 2014: Eating Behaviors
G A O'Reilly, L Cook, D Spruijt-Metz, D S Black
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) targeting eating behaviours have gained popularity in recent years. A literature review was conducted to determine the effectiveness of MBIs for treating obesity-related eating behaviours, such as binge eating, emotional eating and external eating. A search protocol was conducted using the online databases Google Scholar, PubMed, PsycINFO and Ovid Healthstar. Papers were required to meet the following criteria to be included in this review: (i) describe a MBI or the use of mindfulness exercises as part of an intervention; (ii) include at least one obesity-related eating behaviour as an outcome; (iii) include quantitative outcomes; and (iv) be published in English in a peer-reviewed journal...
June 2014: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Angela S Klein, Jeremy B Skinner, Kristin M Hawley
The current study examined two condensed adaptations of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) for binge eating. Women with full- or sub-threshold variants of either binge eating disorder or bulimia nervosa were randomly assigned to individually supported self-monitoring using adapted DBT diary cards (DC) or group-based DBT, each 15 sessions over 16 weeks. DC sessions focused on problem-solving diary card completion issues, praising diary card completion, and supporting nonjudgmental awareness of eating-related habits and urges, but not formally teaching DBT skills...
December 2013: Psychotherapy
Jennifer Daubenmier, Robert H Lustig, Frederick M Hecht, Jean Kristeller, Josh Woolley, Tanja Adam, Mary Dallman, Elissa Epel
Overweight and obese individuals differ in their degree of hedonic eating. This may reflect adaptations in reward-related neural circuits, regulated in part by opioidergic activity. We examined an indirect, functional measure of central opioidergic activity by assessing cortisol and nausea responses to acute opioid blockade using the opioid antagonist naltrexone in overweight/obese women (mean BMI=31.1±4.8) prior to the start of a mindfulness-based intervention to reduce stress eating. In addition, we assessed indices of hedonic-related eating, including eating behaviors (binge eating, emotional eating, external eating, restraint) and intake of sweets/desserts and carbohydrates (Block Food Frequency); interoceptive awareness (which is associated with dysregulated eating behavior); and level of adiposity at baseline...
March 2014: Appetite
Summar Reslan, Karen K Saules
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the prevalence of and factors associated with overweight, obesity, and binge eating as a function of ethnicity among a national sample of college students. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2010 Healthy Minds Study sample. Participants were 24,396 college students from 26 colleges and universities. This sample included 62 % females and a broad range of ethnic backgrounds; 30 % were overweight, 10 % were obese, and 7 % met criteria the for binge eating...
June 2013: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Weight-related problems, including unhealthy weight control behaviors, binge eating, overweight and obesity, and eating disorders, are prevalent in youth. Furthermore, many young people exhibit more than one of these problems. Therefore, it is essential to consider how to simultaneously work toward the prevention of a broad range of weight-related problems in youth. Dieting, body dissatisfaction, weight talk, and weight-related teasing are commonly addressed risk factors within eating disorder prevention interventions, whereas low levels of physical activity and high intakes of foods high in fat and sugar are commonly addressed within interventions aimed at obesity prevention...
December 2012: Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews
A Compare, E Callus, E Grossi
BACKGROUND: Binge eating disorder (BED) is a complex and multifaceted eating disorder, and the literature indicates that BED patients show greater difficulty in identifying and making sense of emotional states, and that they have limited access to emotion regulation strategies. Findings show many links between mindfulness and emotional regulation, however there has been no previous research on mindfulness traits in BED patients. METHOD: One hundred fifty BED patients (N=150: women=98, men=52; age 49...
December 2012: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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