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Emotional brain training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132998/waiting-for-radiology-test-results-patient%C3%A2-expectations-and-emotional-disutility
#1
Sean Woolen, Ella A Kazerooni, Amber Wall, Kelly Parent, Shannon Cahalan, Mitchell Alameddine, Matthew S Davenport
PURPOSE: To measure patient willingness to wait and emotional disutility of waiting for outpatient imaging test results. METHODS: A prospective HIPAA-compliant multicenter outpatient quality improvement survey was administered by a trained interviewer to 218 outpatients from November 1, 2016, to February 1, 2017. The survey was vetted by patient- and family-centered care advocates with experience in survey design and underwent precognitive testing for readability...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125015/factors-associated-with-return-to-work-in-patients-with-long-term-disabilities-due-to-neurological-and-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#2
Maura Mitrushina, Robert Tomaszewski
The current study explores factors predicting return to work in a sample of patients with neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders who have attended a prevocational readiness and social skills training programme many years after trauma. Participants were community-dwelling adults with long-term disabilities (N = 67). Results of univariate analyses followed by multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that both pre-injury (prior) and post-injury (current) factors influenced the likelihood of employment in our sample: prior employment, current employment readiness, current cognitive competence (particularly memory and executive functioning) and emotional adjustment...
November 10, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102248/nociceptin-and-the-nop-receptor-in-aversive-learning-in-mice
#3
Abdu Adem, Nather Madjid, Ulrika Kahl, Sarah Holst, Bassem Sadek, Johan Sandin, Lars Terenius, Sven Ove Ögren
The endogenous neuropeptide nociceptin (N/OFQ), which mediates its actions via the nociceptin receptor (NOP), is implicated in multiple behavioural and physiological functions. This study examined the effects of the NOP agonists N/OFQ and the synthetic agonist Ro 64-6198, the antagonists NNN and NalBzoH, as well as deletion of the Pronociceptin gene on emotional memory in mice. The animals were tested in the passive avoidance (PA) task, dependent on hippocampal and amygdala functions. N/OFQ injected intraventricularly (i...
October 25, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075937/the-impact-of-different-visual-feedbacks-in-user-training-on-motor-imagery-control-in-bci
#4
Dariusz Zapała, Piotr Francuz, Ewelina Zapała, Natalia Kopiś, Piotr Wierzgała, Paweł Augustynowicz, Andrzej Majkowski, Marcin Kołodziej
The challenges of research into brain-computer interfaces (BCI) include significant individual differences in learning pace and in the effective operation of BCI devices. The use of neurofeedback training is a popular method of improving the effectiveness BCI operation. The purpose of the present study was to determine to what extent it is possible to improve the effectiveness of operation of sensorimotor rhythm-based brain-computer interfaces (SMR-BCI) by supplementing user training with elements modifying the characteristics of visual feedback...
October 26, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054291/neuroscience-informed-psychoeducation-for-addiction-medicine-a-neurocognitive-perspective
#5
Hamed Ekhtiari, Tara Rezapour, Robin L Aupperle, Martin P Paulus
Psychoeducation (PE) is defined as an intervention with systematic, structured, and didactic knowledge transfer for an illness and its treatment, integrating emotional and motivational aspects to enable patients to cope with the illness and to improve its treatment adherence and efficacy. PE is considered an important component of treatment in both medical and psychiatric disorders, especially for mental health disorders associated with lack of insight, such as alcohol and substance use disorders (ASUDs). New advancements in neuroscience have shed light on how various aspects of ASUDs may relate to neural processes...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041954/combined-cognitive-and-vocational-interventions-after-mild-to-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Emilie I Howe, Knut-Petter S Langlo, Hans Christoffer Aargaard Terjesen, Cecilie Røe, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Helene L Søberg, Unni Sveen, Eline Aas, Heidi Enehaug, Daniele E Alves, Pål Klethagen, Kjersti Sagstad, Christine M Moen, Karin Torsteinsbrend, Anne-Margrethe Linnestad, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Birte Sand Rismyhr, Grete Wangen, Juan Lu, Jennie Ponsford, Elizabeth W Twamley, Helene Ugelstad, Øystein Spjelkavik, Marianne Løvstad, Nada Andelic
BACKGROUND: A considerable proportion of patients with mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience long-lasting somatic, cognitive, and emotional symptoms that may hamper their capacity to return to work (RTW). Although several studies have described medical, psychological, and work-related factors that predict RTW after TBI, well-controlled intervention studies regarding RTW are scarce. Furthermore, there has traditionally been weak collaboration among health-related rehabilitation services, the labor and welfare sector, and workplaces...
October 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037334/an-international-curriculum-for-neuropsychiatry-and-behavioural-neurology
#7
Perminder Sachdev, Adith Mohan
With major advances in neuroscience in the last three decades, there is an emphasis on understanding disturbances in thought, behaviour and emotion in terms of their neuroscientific underpinnings. While psychiatry and neurology, both of which deal with brain diseases, have a historical standing as distinct disciplines, there has been an increasing need to have a combined neuropsychiatric approach to deal with many conditions and disorders. Additionally, there is a body of disorders and conditions that warrants the skills sets and knowledge bases of both disciplines...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018381/the-role-of-working-memory-for-cognitive-control-in-anorexia-nervosa-versus-substance-use-disorder
#8
REVIEW
Samantha J Brooks, Sabina G Funk, Susanne Y Young, Helgi B Schiöth
Prefrontal cortex executive functions, such as working memory (WM) interact with limbic processes to foster impulse control. Such an interaction is referred to in a growing body of publications by terms such as cognitive control, cognitive inhibition, affect regulation, self-regulation, top-down control, and cognitive-emotion interaction. The rising trend of research into cognitive control of impulsivity, using various related terms reflects the importance of research into impulse control, as failure to employ cognitions optimally may eventually result in mental disorder...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983507/structural-plasticity-of-the-social-brain-differential-change-after-socio-affective-and-cognitive-mental-training
#9
Sofie L Valk, Boris C Bernhardt, Fynn-Mathis Trautwein, Anne Böckler, Philipp Kanske, Nicolas Guizard, D Louis Collins, Tania Singer
Although neuroscientific research has revealed experience-dependent brain changes across the life span in sensory, motor, and cognitive domains, plasticity relating to social capacities remains largely unknown. To investigate whether the targeted mental training of different cognitive and social skills can induce specific changes in brain morphology, we collected longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data throughout a 9-month mental training intervention from a large sample of adults between 20 and 55 years of age...
October 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958627/assisted-and-unassisted-recession-of-functional-anomalies-associated-with-dysprosody-in-adults-who-stutter
#10
Katrin Neumann, Harald A Euler, Malte Kob, Alexander Wolff von Gudenberg, Anne-Lise Giraud, Tobias Weissgerber, Christian A Kell
PURPOSE: Speech in persons who stutter (PWS) is associated with disturbed prosody (speech melody and intonation), which may impact communication. The neural correlates of PWS' altered prosody during speaking are not known, neither is how a speech-restructuring therapy affects prosody at both a behavioral and a cerebral level. METHODS: In this fMRI study, we explored group differences in brain activation associated with the production of different kinds of prosody in 13 male adults who stutter (AWS) before, directly after, and at least 1 year after an effective intensive fluency-shaping treatment, in 13 typically fluent-speaking control participants (CP), and in 13 males who had spontaneously recovered from stuttering during adulthood (RAWS), while sentences were read aloud with 'neutral', instructed emotional (happy), and linguistically driven (questioning) prosody...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917271/cognitive-impairment-and-chemotherapy-a-brief-overview
#11
REVIEW
Milena Vitali, Carla Ida Ripamonti, Fausto Roila, Claudia Proto, Diego Signorelli, Martina Imbimbo, Giulia Corrao, Angela Brissa, Gallucci Rosaria, Filippo de Braud, Marina Chiara Garassino, Giuseppe Lo Russo
Patients with cancer are experiencing long-term survival following chemotherapy, but the treatment may also be associated with short and long-term toxicity, including the possibility of cognitive dysfunction. A literature overview indicated a significant association between chemotherapy and cognitive impairment but prospective longitudinal research is warranted to examine the degree and persisting nature of this decline. Although chemotherapeutic agents are unlikely to cross the blood-brain barrier, it has been alleged that the occurrence of neurotoxicity is linked to the pro-inflammatory cytokine pathways...
October 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891909/improving-emotion-regulation-following-web-based-group-intervention-for-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Theodore Tsaousides, Lisa Spielman, Maria Kajankova, Gabrielle Guetta, Wayne Gordon, Kristen Dams-OʼConnor
OBJECTIVE: Preliminary evaluation of the efficacy of a Web-based group intervention (Online EmReg) to improve emotion regulation (ER) in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Pre-/post-within-subject design with baseline, end-of-treatment, and 12-week follow-up assessments. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-one individuals with TBI and deficits in ER. INTERVENTION: Twenty-four sessions of training in ER skills delivered by group videoconference...
September 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870419/healthy-body-healthy-mind-a-mixed-methods-study-of-outcomes-barriers-and-supports-for-exercise-by-people-who-have-chronic-moderate-to-severe-acquired-brain-injury
#13
Laura S Lorenz, Ann L Charrette, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Julia M Doucett, Jeffrey Fong
BACKGROUND: Few people with chronic moderate-to-severe brain injury are following recommended physical activity guidelines. OBJECTIVE: Investigate effects of planned, systematic physical activity while cultivating social and emotional well-being of people with chronic moderate-to-severe brain injury. HYPOTHESIS: Moderate-to-intensive physical activity would be associated with improvements in impairment and activity limitation measures (endurance, mobility, gait speed) immediately post-intervention and six weeks later (study week 12)...
August 24, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842274/structural-changes-in-socio-affective-networks-multi-modal-mri-findings-in-long-term-meditation-practitioners
#14
Haakon G Engen, Boris C Bernhardt, Leon Skottnik, Matthieu Ricard, Tania Singer
Our goal was to assess the effects of long-term mental training in socio-affective skills on structural brain networks. We studied a group of long-term meditation practitioners (LTMs) who have focused on cultivating socio-affective skills using loving-kindness and compassion meditation for an average of 40k hours, comparing these to meditation-naïve controls. To maximize homogeneity of prior practice, LTMs were included only if they had undergone extensive full-time meditation retreats in the same center. MRI-based cortical thickness analysis revealed increased thickness in the LTM cohort relative to meditation-native controls in fronto-insular cortices...
August 22, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759980/evaluating-the-features-of-the-brain-waves-to-quantify-adhd-improvement-by-neurofeedback
#15
Peyman Dehghanpour, Zahra Einalou
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as one of the most common neurological disorders in children and adolescents, is characterized by decentralization, slow learning, distraction and hyperactivity. Studies have shown that in addition to medication, neurofeedback training can also be used to partially control the brain activity of these patients. METHODS: In this study, using the brain signals processing before and after the treatment in 10 children treated by neurofeedback, the changes were evaluated by non-parametric statistical analysis and impact of neurofeedback on brain frequency bands was investigated...
October 23, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755980/profiling-coping-strategies-in-male-and-female-rats-potential-neurobehavioral-markers-of-increased-resilience-to-depressive-symptoms
#16
Molly Kent, Massimo Bardi, Ashley Hazelgrove, Kaitlyn Sewell, Emily Kirk, Brooke Thompson, Kristen Trexler, Brennan Terhune-Cotter, Kelly Lambert
Coping strategies have been associated with differential stress responsivity, perhaps providing a valuable neurobiological marker for susceptibility to the emergence of depressogenic symptoms or vulnerability to other anxiety-related disorders. Rats profiled with a flexible coping phenotype, for example, exhibit increased neurobiological markers of emotional regulation compared to active and passive copers (Bardi et al., 2012; Lambert et al., 2014). In the current study, responses of male and female rats to prediction errors in a spatial foraging task (dry land maze; DLM) were examined after animals were exposed to chronic unpredictable stress (CUS)...
September 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744133/real-time-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#17
REVIEW
Óscar F Gonçalves, Marcelo C Batistuzzo, João R Sato
The current literature provides substantial evidence of brain alterations associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms (eg, checking, cleaning/decontamination, counting compulsions; harm or sexual, symmetry/exactness obsessions), and emotional problems (eg, defensive/appetitive emotional imbalance, disgust, guilt, shame, and fear learning/extinction) and cognitive impairments associated with this disorder (eg, inhibitory control, working memory, cognitive flexibility). Building on this evidence, new clinical trials can now target specific brain regions/networks...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701821/an-exploratory-study-of-intensive-neurofeedback-training-for-schizophrenia
#18
Wenya Nan, Feng Wan, Lanshin Chang, Sio Hang Pun, Mang I Vai, Agostinho Rosa
Schizophrenia is a chronic and devastating brain disorder with ongoing cognitive, behavioral, and emotional deteriorated functions. Neurofeedback training, which enables the individuals to regulate their brain activity using a real-time feedback loop, is increasingly investigated as a potential alternative intervention for schizophrenia. This study aimed to explore the effect of short but intensive neurofeedback training for schizophrenic patients with difficulty for long-time training. A middle-aged woman with chronic schizophrenia completed the intensive training of alpha/beta2 (20-30 Hz) in four consecutive days with a total training duration of 13...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675115/nicotine-disrupts-safety-learning-by-enhancing-fear-associated-with-a-safety-cue-via-the-dorsal-hippocampus
#19
David A Connor, Munir G Kutlu, Thomas J Gould
Learned safety, a learning process in which a cue becomes associated with the absence of threat, is disrupted in individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A bi-directional relationship exists between smoking and PTSD and one potential explanation is that nicotine-associated changes in cognition facilitate PTSD emotional dysregulation by disrupting safety associations. Therefore, we investigated whether nicotine would disrupt learned safety by enhancing fear associated with a safety cue. In the present study, C57BL/6 mice were administered acute or chronic nicotine and trained over three days in a differential backward trace conditioning paradigm consisting of five trials of a forward conditioned stimulus (CS)+ (Light) co-terminating with a footshock unconditioned stimulus followed by a backward CS- (Tone) presented 20 s after cessation of the unconditioned stimulus...
July 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651477/moderators-mediators-and-nonspecific-predictors-of-outcome-after-cognitive-rehabilitation-of-executive-functions-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Sveinung Tornås, Jan Stubberud, Anne-Kristin Solbakk, Jonathan Evans, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Marianne Løvstad
Moderators, mediators and nonspecific predictors of treatment after cognitive rehabilitation of executive functions in a randomised controlled trial Objective: To explore moderators, mediators and nonspecific predictors of executive functioning after cognitive rehabilitation in a randomised controlled trial, comparing Goal Management Training (GMT) with an active psycho-educative control-intervention, in patients with chronic acquired brain injury. METHODS: Seventy patients with executive dysfunction were randomly allocated to GMT (n = 33) or control (n = 37)...
June 27, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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