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Mindfulness based stress reduction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767395/behavioral-therapy-approaches-for-the-management-of-low-back-pain-an-up-to-date-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Kristallia Vitoula, Annalena Venneri, Giustino Varrassi, Antonella Paladini, Panagiota Sykioti, Joy Adewusi, Panagiotis Zis
Low back pain is one of the most common causes for seeking medical treatment and it is estimated that one in two people will experience low back pain at some point during their lifetimes. Management of low back pain includes pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches. Non-pharmaceutical treatments include interventions such as acupuncture, spinal manipulation, and psychotherapy. The latter is especially important as patients who suffer from low back pain often have impaired quality of life and also suffer from depression...
May 16, 2018: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753639/nrem-parasomnias-a-treatment-approach-based-upon-a-retrospective-case-series-of-512-patients
#2
Panagis Drakatos, Lucy Marples, Rexford Muza, Sean Higgins, Nadia Gildeh, Raluca Macavei, Eptehal M Dongol, Alexander Nesbitt, Ivana Rosenzweig, Elaine Lyons, Grainne d'Ancona, Joerg Steier, Adrian J Williams, Brian D Kent, Guy Leschziner
BACKGROUND: Non-REM parasomnias are not uncommon conditions in the general population. Current treatment options are based on small case series and reports. In this study, we aimed to present the clinical experience from a large cohort of patients. PATIENTS: Five hundred and twelve patients with Non-REM parasomnia or parasomnia overlap disorder (POD), who had undergone a video polysomnography and were exposed to treatment, were retrospectively identified. Treatment outcome was assessed based on patients' reports, and treatment approach on a locally accepted hierarchy of interventions...
April 10, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744772/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-psychological-treatments-for-ibs-in-gastroenterology-settings-promising-but-in-need-of-further-study
#3
REVIEW
Elyse R Thakur, Jordan Shapiro, Johanna Chan, Mark A Lumley, Jeffrey A Cully, Andrea Bradford, Hashem B El-Serag
BACKGROUND: Psychological treatments are efficacious for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in clinical trials; however, their effectiveness when conducted in gastroenterology practice settings is unclear. AIM: To perform a systematic review of the types and effects of psychological treatments for IBS conducted in gastroenterology clinics. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane central register. Studies conducted in gastroenterology clinic settings with IBS patients who were clinically referred from gastroenterology were included...
May 10, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733230/mediational-pathways-of-meditation-and-exercise-on-mental-health-and-perceived-stress-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Ellen Goldstein, James Topitzes, Roger L Brown, Bruce Barrett
This study investigated the effects of mindfulness and exercise training on indicators of mental health and stress by examining shared mediators of program effects. Community-recruited adults ( N = 413) were randomized into one of three conditions: (a) mindfulness-based stress reduction, (b) moderate intensity exercise, or (c) wait-list control. Composite indicator structural equation models estimated direct, indirect, and total effects. Results showed that mindfulness-based self-efficacy fulfilled a prominent role in mediating meditation and exercise program effects...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733220/mindfulness-based-processes-of-healing-for-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#5
Marc B Schure, Tracy L Simpson, Michelle Martinez, George Sayre, David J Kearney
OBJECTIVE: U.S. veterans are at increased risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Prior studies suggest a benefit of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for PTSD, but the mechanisms through which MBSR reduces PTSD symptoms and improves functional status have received limited empirical inquiry. This study used a qualitative approach to better understand how training in mindfulness affects veterans with PTSD. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semistructured in-depth interviews following participation in an MBSR intervention...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705481/feasibility-evaluation-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-primary-care-professionals-proposal-of-an-evaluative-model
#6
Pedro Henrique Ribeiro Santiago, Cláudia Flemming Colussi
A critical issue in the contemporary field of public health is the organizational stress experienced by healthcare professionals. An integrative and complementary therapy that research has shown as efficacious in helping healthcare professionals to cope with stress is mindfulness meditation. An intervention, however, can't merely be efficacious, it also needs to be feasible to be implemented in a specific political and organizational context. This paper proposes a theoretical logical model and evaluation matrix of the feasibility of a mindfulness-based stress reduction program for primary care professionals...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700350/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-or-psychoeducation-for-the-reduction-of-menopausal-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Carmen Wong, Benjamin Hon-Kei Yip, Ting Gao, Kitty Yu Yuk Lam, Doris Mei Sum Woo, Annie Lai King Yip, Chloe Yu Chin, Winnie Pui Yin Tang, Mandy Mun Tse Choy, Katrina Wai Key Tsang, Suzanne C Ho, Helen Shuk Wah Ma, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
Psychological and behavioural interventions may be effective in reducing menopause-related symptoms. This randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) in reducing menopause-related symptoms by comparing with an active control group, the menopause education control (MEC). Symptomatic peri-menopausal and post-menopausal women with mild to moderate symptoms were recruited. The primary outcome was overall menopausal symptoms measured by modified Greene Climacteric Scale (GCS)...
April 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699410/using-normalisation-process-theory-to-understand-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Robert Simpson, Sharon Simpson, Karen Wood, Stewart W Mercer, Frances S Mair
Objectives To study barriers and facilitators to implementation of mindfulness-based stress reduction for people with multiple sclerosis. Methods Qualitative interviews were used to explore barriers and facilitators to implementation of mindfulness-based stress reduction, including 33 people with multiple sclerosis, 6 multiple sclerosis clinicians and 2 course instructors. Normalisation process theory provided the underpinning conceptual framework. Data were analysed deductively using normalisation process theory constructs (coherence, cognitive participation, collective action and reflexive monitoring)...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697426/does-mindfulness-training-enhance-the-professional-development-of-residents-a-qualitative-study
#9
Hanne Verweij, Hiske van Ravesteijn, Madelon L M van Hooff, Antoine L M Lagro-Janssen, Anne E M Speckens
PURPOSE: In addition to developing diagnostic and clinical skills, postgraduate medical education should stimulate residents' professional development. Teaching medical professionalism is challenging and is often left largely to the informal and hidden curricula. An intervention that might be beneficial for medical residents is Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR). The authors implemented MBSR as an optional course for residents and qualitatively explored how it influenced residents professionally...
April 24, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695175/effects-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-on-prenatal-stress-anxiety-and-depression
#10
Jia-Yuan Zhang, Yu-Xia Cui, Yu-Qiu Zhou, Ying-Li Li
Low well-being is common among Chinese pregnant women but few effective interventions currently exist to improve prenatal stress and negative emotions. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) has been proved to be effective in reducing stress and rarely studies were focused on Chinese pregnant women. The aim of the current paper is to investigate the effects of 8-week MBSR on prenatal stress, anxiety and depression among Chinese pregnant women. A sample of 66 pregnant women randomly allocated into either the MBSR group (n=34) or the control group (n=32)...
April 26, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694316/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-adolescents-with-mental-disorders-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#11
Mª C Díaz-González, Carolina Pérez Dueñas, Araceli Sánchez-Raya, Juan A Moriana Elvira, Vicente Sánchez Vázquez
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is a strong movement to implement mindfulness interventions with young people. The objective of this randomised clinical trial was to assess the potential effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) programme for adolescent outpatients in mental health facilities in Cordoba, Spain. METHOD: A total of 101 adolescents aged 13-16 years old, receiving psychological or psychiatric treatment for various disorders, were eligible for the study...
May 2018: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670003/stress-and-alterations-in-the-pain-matrix-a-biopsychosocial-perspective-on-back-pain-and-its-prevention-and-treatment
#12
Pia-Maria Wippert, Christine Wiebking
The genesis of chronic pain is explained by a biopsychosocial model. It hypothesizes an interdependency between environmental and genetic factors provoking aberrant long-term changes in biological and psychological regulatory systems. Physiological effects of psychological and physical stressors may play a crucial role in these maladaptive processes. Specifically, long-term demands on the stress response system may moderate central pain processing and influence descending serotonergic and noradrenergic signals from the brainstem, regulating nociceptive processing at the spinal level...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629606/cancer-and-complementary-therapies-current-trends-in-survivors-interest-and-use
#13
Maryam Qureshi, Erin Zelinski, Linda E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors use complementary therapies (CTs) for a variety of reasons; however, with interest and use reportedly on the rise and a widening range of products and practices available, there is a need to establish trends in and drivers of interest. We aimed to determine (1) frequencies of use, level of interest, and barriers for 30 specific CTs and (2) whether physical symptoms, perceived stress (PS), or spiritual well-being were related to interest levels. METHOD: A total of 212 cancer outpatients were surveyed at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Canada...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627695/mindfulness-based-resilience-training-to-reduce-health-risk-stress-reactivity-and-aggression-among-law-enforcement-officers-a-feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-trial
#14
Michael S Christopher, Matthew Hunsinger, Lt Richard J Goerling, Sarah Bowen, Brant S Rogers, Cynthia R Gross, Eli Dapolonia, Jens C Pruessner
The primary objective of this study was to assess feasibility and gather preliminary outcome data on Mindfulness-Based Resilience Training (MBRT) for law enforcement officers. Participants (n = 61) were randomized to either an 8-week MBRT course or a no intervention control group. Self-report and physiological data were collected at baseline, post-training, and three months following intervention completion. Attendance, adherence, post-training participant feedback, and interventionist fidelity to protocol all demonstrated feasibility of MBRT for law enforcement officers...
March 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615905/four-weekly-ayahuasca-sessions-lead-to-increases-in-acceptance-capacities-a-comparison-study-with-a-standard-8-week-mindfulness-training-program
#15
Joaquim Soler, Matilde Elices, Elisabeth Dominguez-Clavé, Juan C Pascual, Amanda Feilding, Mayte Navarro-Gil, Javier García-Campayo, Jordi Riba
Background: The therapeutic effects of the Amazonian plant tea ayahuasca may relate to its ability to enhance mindfulness capacities. Ayahuasca induces a modified state of awareness through the combined action of its active principles: the psychedelic N,N- dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and a series of centrally acting β-carbolines, mainly harmine and tetrahydroharmine. To better understand the therapeutic potential of ayahuasca, here we compared the impact on mindfulness capacities induced by two independent interventions: (a) participation in four ayahuasca sessions without any specific purpose related to improving mindfulness capacities; and (b) participation in a standard mindfulness training course: 8 weeks mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), with the specific goal of improving these skills...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609475/effectiveness-of-a-smartphone-based-worry-reduction-training-for-stress-reduction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Anke Versluis, Bart Verkuil, Philip Spinhoven, Jos F Brosschot
OBJECTIVE: Perseverative cognition (e.g. worry) and unconscious stress are suggested to be important mediators in the relation between stressors and physiological health. We examined whether a smartphone-based worry-reduction training improved a physiological marker of stress (i.e. increased heart rate variability [HRV]) and unconscious stress. DESIGN: Randomised-controlled trial was conducted with individuals reporting work stress (n = 136). Participants were randomised to the experimental, control or waitlist condition (resp...
April 3, 2018: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602138/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-meditation-for-nurses-and-nursing-students-an-integrated-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Pamela van der Riet, Tracy Levett-Jones, Catherine Aquino-Russell
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature has identified a range of beneficial physiological and psychological outcomes from the regular practice of mindfulness meditation. For healthcare professionals, mindfulness meditation is claimed to reduce stress, anxiety and burnout, and enhance resilience. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this integrative review was to critically appraise the literature that related to the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation programs for nurses and nursing students...
March 24, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599850/how-is-stress-reduced-by-a-workplace-mindfulness-intervention-a-qualitative-study-conceptualising-experiences-of-change
#18
Siobhan Hugh-Jones, Sally Rose, Gina Z Koutsopoulou, Ruth Simms-Ellis
Mindfulness-based interventions are effective as curative and preventative approaches to psychological health. However, the mechanisms by which outcomes are secured from such interventions when delivered in the workplace, and to a stressed workforce, are not well understood. The aim of the present study was to elicit and analyse accounts from past participants of a workplace mindfulness intervention in order to generate a preliminary model of how positive benefits appear to be secured. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were completed with 21 employees of a higher education institution who had completed an eight-week intervention based on Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, adapted for the workplace...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599849/the-integration-of-the-workable-range-model-into-a-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-course-a-practice-based-case-study
#19
Sally A Rose, David Sheffield, Martyn Harling
Didactic teaching about stress is part of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) curriculum. The content and methods of integrating conceptual teaching within the experiential pedagogy are rarely explored. Workable range is a model of stress and emotion regulation that illustrates patterns of physical, emotional and cognitive reactivity in relation to mindful presence. This is a qualitative case study of the inclusion of the workable range model into an MBSR course as a refinement of the didactic teaching about stress...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595555/mindfulness-based-neurodevelopmental-care-impact-on-nicu-parent-stress-and-infant-length-of-stay-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#20
Annie R Petteys, Dominique Adoumie
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Experiences of premature birth and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalizations result in stress and family separation that have far-reaching implications. Prior studies of neonatal neurodevelopmental care show improved infant outcomes. Previous studies of mindfulness show improved stress and health outcomes in varied disease processes. No neonatal studies of parent training in mindfulness-based neurodevelopmental care exist. This study examines the impact of parent education and participation in mindfulness-based neurodevelopmental care on parent outcomes (stress, bonding, and satisfaction) and infant length of stay (LOS)...
April 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
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