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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331663/a-multi-center-randomized-trial-to-evaluate-hematologic-toxicities-after-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-with-oxaliplatin-or-mitomycin-in-patients-with-appendiceal-tumors
#1
Edward A Levine, Konstantinos I Votanopoulos, Perry Shen, Greg Russell, Joyce Fenstermaker, Paul Mansfield, David Bartlett, John H Stewart
BACKGROUND: Appendiceal cancer is a rare disease, which has proven difficult to study in prospective trials. Cytoreductive surgery with HIPEC is an established therapy for peritoneal dissemination from appendiceal cancer. The optimal chemotherapeutic agent to use in the HIPEC is not clear. Mitomycin has long been the utilized, however our previous phase I experience, and European retrospective studies suggest oxaliplatin as an alternative. Therefore, we initiated a multicenter randomized trial to compare mitomycin to oxaliplatin HIPEC for appendiceal cancer...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327707/appendiceal-goblet-cell-carcinoids-and-adenocarcinomas-ex-goblet-cell-carcinoid-are-genetically-distinct-from-primary-colorectal-type-adenocarcinoma-of-the-appendix
#2
Moritz Jesinghaus, Björn Konukiewitz, Sebastian Foersch, Albrecht Stenzinger, Katja Steiger, Alexander Muckenhuber, Claudia Groß, Martin Mollenhauer, Wilfried Roth, Sönke Detlefsen, Wilko Weichert, Günter Klöppel, Nicole Pfarr, Anna Melissa Schlitter
The appendix gives rise to goblet cell carcinoids, which represent special carcinomas with distinct biological and histological features. Their genetic background and molecular relationship to colorectal adenocarcinoma is largely unknown. We therefore performed a next-generation sequencing analysis of 25 appendiceal carcinomas including 11 goblet cell carcinoids, 7 adenocarcinomas ex-goblet cell carcinoid, and 7 primary colorectal-type adenocarcinomas, using a modified Colorectal Cancer specific Panel comprising 32 genes linked to colorectal and neuroendocrine tumorigenesis...
January 12, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290997/targeting-g-protein-coupled-receptor-related-signaling-pathway-in-a-murine-xenograft-model-of-appendiceal-pseudomyxoma-peritonei
#3
Ashok K Dilly, Brendon D Honick, Yong J Lee, Zong S Guo, Herbert J Zeh, David L Bartlett, Haroon A Choudry
Cancer cells aberrantly express mucins to enhance their survival. Relative chemoresistance of appendiceal pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is attributed to abundant extracellular mucin 2 (MUC2) protein production. We hypothesized that simultaneous MUC2 inhibition and apoptosis induction would be effective against mucinous tumors. In vitro studies were conducted using LS174T cells (MUC2-secreting human colorectal cancer cells), PMP explant tissue, and epithelial organoid cultures (colonoids) derived from mucinous appendix cancers...
December 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245922/regional-lymph-node-involvement-and-outcomes-in-appendiceal-neuroendocrine-tumors-a-seer-database-analysis
#4
Amir Mehrvarz Sarshekeh, Shailesh Advani, Daniel M Halperin, Claudius Conrad, Chan Shen, James C Yao, Arvind Dasari
Background: Appendiceal neuroendocrine neoplasms are most often diagnosed incidentally during appendectomy. The need for subsequent right hemicolectomy (RHC) is determined based on the risk of regional lymph node (LN) involvement. Tumor size has historically been used as an indicator of this risk, but controversy remains regarding its cut off. Furthermore, the impact of RHC on survival is unclear. Methods: We used the SEER database to identify patients diagnosed with appendiceal neuroendocrine tumors...
November 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204776/implications-of-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-perfusion-related-hyperglycemia
#5
Camille L Stewart, Ana Gleisner, Alison Halpern, Irada Ibrahim-Zada, Rodrigo Asturias Luna, Nathan Pearlman, Csaba Gajdos, Barish Edil, Martin McCarter
BACKGROUND: Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) administration can be associated with hyperglycemia during perfusion. Little is known about this effect, and no previous studies have examined patient characteristics associated with perfusion-related hyperglycemia. METHODS: We retrospectively identified consecutive patients at a single institution treated with HIPEC from 8/2003 to 10/2016 who had intraoperative blood glucose measured. Hypertonic 1.5% dextrose-containing peritoneal dialysate was used as carrier solution in all patients...
December 4, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193085/elevated-brain-natriuretic-peptide-bnp-is-an-early-marker-for-patients-at-risk-for-complications-after-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-crs%C3%A2-%C3%A2-hipec
#6
Sarah B Fisher, Safia Rafeeq, Ken Hess, Travis E Grotz, Paul Mansfield, Richard Royal, Brian Badgwell, Jason Fleming, Keith Fournier, Gary N Mann
BACKGROUND: Elevated BNP is associated with adverse cardiac outcomes after noncardiac surgery. We assessed BNP values as markers of perioperative fluid status and their correlation with major/cardiopulmonary (CP) complications following CRS + HIPEC. METHODS: Fluid balance, BNP levels, and morbidity data were collected for all patients undergoing CRS + HIPEC between 6/2014 and 2/2016. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-nine patients underwent CRS + HIPEC for appendiceal adenocarcinoma (n = 99), mesothelioma (n = 16), and colon cancer (n = 14)...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181652/repeat-cytoreduction-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-recurrent-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-of-appendiceal-origin
#7
Toshiyuki Kitai, Kenya Yamanaka
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to clarify the role of repeat cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS + HIPEC) in the management of recurrent peritoneal carcinomatosis of appendiceal origin. METHODS: Data were retrieved on 42 patients who underwent CRS + HIPEC; 29 repeat surgical procedures were performed in 13 patients. RESULTS: Complete cytoreduction was achieved in 12 of 13 patients by the second CRS...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159742/validation-of-the-recent-psogi-pathological-classification-of-pseudomyxoma-peritonei-in-a-single-center-series-of-265-patients-treated-by-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy
#8
Dario Baratti, Shigeki Kusamura, Massimo Milione, Federica Bruno, Marcello Guaglio, Marcello Deraco
BACKGROUND: Controversies still persist regarding the terminology and pathologic classification of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms and associated pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). We assessed reproducibility and prognostic significance of the classification recently proposed by the Peritoneal Surface Oncology Group International (PSOGI). METHODS: A prospective database of 265 PMP patients uniformly treated by cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) from 1995 to 2017 was reviewed...
November 20, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133621/the-mutational-landscape-of-gastrointestinal-malignancies-as-reflected-by-circulating-tumor-dna
#9
Paul Riviere, Paul T Fanta, Sadakatsu Ikeda, Joel Baumgartner, Gregory M Heestand, Razelle Kurzrock
We aimed to assess the utility of a novel, non-invasive method of detecting genomic alterations in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies i.e., the use of liquid biopsies to obtain blood-derived circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) through an analysis of the genomic landscape of ctDNA (68 genes) from 213 patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancers. The most common cancer types were colorectal adenocarcinoma (N=55 (26%)), appendiceal adenocarcinoma (N=46 (22%)), hepatocellular carcinoma (N=31 (15%)), and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (N=25 (12%))...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089784/cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-appendiceal-goblet-cell-carcinomas-with-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-results-from-a-single-specialized-center
#10
Hsin-Hsien Yu, Yutaka Yonemura, Mao-Chih Hsieh, Akiyoshi Mizumoto, Satoshi Wakama, Chang-Yun Lu
BACKGROUND: Goblet cell carcinomas (GCCs) of the appendix are rare and aggressive malignancies with early peritoneal dissemination. The aim of the present article is to describe our experience in the management of GCCs with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) through cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) and to determine the impact of multiple clinical characteristics on the prognosis. METHODS: From a prospectively maintained database of patients receiving CRS and HIPEC for peritoneal surface malignancy, the data of 15 patients with GCC and PC were collected...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017824/early-postoperative-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-is-associated-with-survival-benefit-for-appendiceal-adenocarcinoma-with-peritoneal-dissemination
#11
Yeqian Huang, Nayef A Alzahrani, Winston Liauw, Hussein Soudy, Abdulaziz M Alzahrani, David L Morris
INTRODUCTION: The combined approach of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has achieved encouraging outcomes for patients with PMCA with peritoneal dissemination. However, there is little evidence for the use of EPIC in addition to HIPEC in this group of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of prospectively collected data of consecutive patients with PMCA who underwent CRS and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy by one surgical team at St George Hospital in Sydney, Australia between Jan 1996 and Aug 2016...
September 28, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016471/an-update-on-the-diagnosis-grading-and-staging-of-appendiceal-mucinous-neoplasms
#12
Mark A Valasek, Reetesh K Pai
Despite advances in our understanding of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms and their relationship to the pseudomyxoma peritonei syndrome, the classification of mucinous tumors of the appendix is still confusing. This review will provide an update on the various classification systems that have been recently proposed for appendiceal mucinous neoplasia, with a particular emphasis on how to handle and report the histologic findings for these tumors using the newly published Peritoneal Surface Oncology Group International (PSOGI) and American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) eighth edition guidelines...
January 2018: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988021/two-concurrent-appendiceal-neoplasms-in-an-elderly-patient-a-case-report
#13
Riva Das, Joshua P Cantor, Thai Q Vu
INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis, one of the commonest surgical diagnoses, is rare and more complex presentation in the elderly. Physicians must consider atypical causes appendicitis in this population, which could affect the management of the patient. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An elderly female presented with a two-day history of lower abdominal pain, associated with low-grade fevers and chills. Studies showed leukocytosis and computed tomography (CT) findings consistent with appendicitis...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970138/grading-and-staging-mucinous-neoplasms-of-the-appendix-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Sarah E Umetsu, Nafis Shafizadeh, Sanjay Kakar
The grading and staging of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms is challenging and fraught with terminology problems, but has critical prognostic and therapeutic implications. We utilized a small case series to examine the grading and staging systems of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms and outline the evidence for the new systems proposed in the upcoming 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Staging Manual. We reviewed 33 cases of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms with available clinical follow-up data, 6 of which were widely disseminated in the peritoneum...
September 29, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942236/increased-incidence-of-bowel-cancer-after-non-surgical-treatment-of-appendicitis
#15
Malin Enblad, Helgi Birgisson, Anders Ekbom, Fredrik Sandin, Wilhelm Graf
BACKGROUND: There is an ongoing debate on the use of antibiotics instead of appendectomy for treating appendicitis but diagnostic difficulties and longstanding inflammation might lead to increased incidence of bowel cancer in these patients. The aim of this population-based study was to investigate the incidence of bowel cancer after non-surgical treatment of appendicitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with appendicitis but lacking the surgical procedure code for appendix removal were retrieved from the Swedish National Inpatient Register 1987-2013...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919126/low-dose-ct-for-the-diagnosis-of-appendicitis-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-locat-a-pragmatic-multicentre-randomised-controlled-non-inferiority-trial
#16
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: CT radiation is arguably carcinogenic. Results from single-centre studies, mostly retrospective, have advocated lowering the CT radiation dose for the diagnosis of appendicitis. However, adoption of low-dose CT has been slow. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of low-dose CT compared with standard-dose CT in the diagnosis of appendicitis in adolescents and young adults. METHODS: We did this pragmatic, multicentre, randomised controlled non-inferiority trial at 20 South Korean teaching hospitals with little experience with low-dose CT...
November 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915207/risk-factors-and-oncologic-outcomes-of-anastomosis-leakage-after-laparoscopic-right-colectomy
#17
Han Deok Kwak, Seon-Hahn Kim, Dong Woo Kang, Se-Jin Baek, Jung Myun Kwak, Jin Kim
PURPOSE: We estimated the incidence of anastomosis leakage and explore possible risk factors and oncologic outcomes following laparoscopic right-side colon resection among colon cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 423 patients who were diagnosed with appendiceal, cecal, ascending, or hepatic flexure colon cancer who underwent laparoscopic colonic resection and anastomosis between September 2006 and July 2014. We compared short-term and long-term outcomes between no-leakage and leakage groups...
September 14, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855982/peritoneal-metastases-of-rare-carcinomas-treated-with-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec-a-single-center-case-series
#18
Andreas Brandl, Christina Barbara Zielinski, Wieland Raue, Johann Pratschke, Beate Rau
INTRODUCTION: In selected cases, cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is an established treatment for patients suffering from peritoneal metastases from colorectal, ovarian, gastric or appendiceal origin. The effectiveness of this extensive has not been elucidated within other rare diseases by now. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients treated with CRS for peritoneal carcinomatosis during the period between July 2010 and September 2015...
October 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832866/association-of-fluid-administration-with-morbidity-in-cytoreductive-surgery-with-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy
#19
Oliver S Eng, Sinziana Dumitra, Michael O'Leary, Mustafa Raoof, Mark Wakabayashi, Thanh H Dellinger, Ernest S Han, Stephen J Lee, I Benjamin Paz, Byrne Lee
Importance: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for peritoneal cancers can be associated with significant complications. Randomized trials have demonstrated increased morbidity with liberal fluid regimens in abdominal surgery. Objective: To investigate the association of intraoperative fluid administration and morbidity in patients undergoing CRS/HIPEC. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective analysis of information from a prospectively collected institutional database was conducted at a National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center...
August 23, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826644/rate-of-appendiceal-metastasis-with-non-serous-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-in-manitoba
#20
Alon D Altman, Georgia Lefas, Laura Power, Pascal Lambert, Robert Lotocki, Erin Dean, Mark W Nachtigal
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate the rate of appendiceal involvement in non-serous mucinous and endometrioid-associated epithelial ovarian cancers. METHODS: The Manitoba Cancer Registry and CancerCare database were used to find all women with non-serous epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer between 1995 and 2011. All patients with an appendectomy were then identified, and their final pathology findings were reviewed. Women who did not receive treatment or lacked follow-up were excluded...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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