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appendiceal cancer

Carissa A Low, Dana H Bovbjerg, Steven Ahrendt, M Haroon Choudry, Matthew Holtzman, Heather L Jones, James F Pingpank, Lekshmi Ramalingam, Herbert J Zeh, Amer H Zureikat, David L Bartlett
Background: Postoperative ambulation is encouraged to promote timely recovery but is rarely monitored objectively or examined as a predictor of clinical outcomes, despite growing availability of wearable devices that allow passive quantification and remote real-time monitoring of the number of steps taken during recovery. Purpose: To determine whether the number of steps taken during inpatient recovery predicts 30- and 60-day readmission risk after metastatic cancer surgery...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Mark B Bignell, Akash M Mehta, Sue Alves, Kandiah Chandrakumaran, Sanjeev P Dayal, Faheez Mohamed, Tom D Cecil, Brendan J Moran
AIM: Ovarian metastases from gastrointestinal tract malignancy have been considered an ominous finding with poor prognosis. The aim of this project was to determine the impact on survival, and potential cure, when cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) are combined to treat peritoneal malignancy in women with Krukenberg tumours. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data between January 2010 and July 2015...
March 4, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Elisa Schmoeckel, Thomas Kirchner, Doris Mayr
The differentiation between a primary mucinous ovarian neoplasm and an extra-ovarian metastasis in the ovary is often challenging in the histopathologic practice. Among various ovarian metastases from the gastro-intestinal tract the low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm (LAMN) is an important differential diagnosis to consider particularly in case of pseudomyxoma peritonei. A newly recognized marker in the routine diagnostic of a mucinous neoplasm in the ovary is SATB2 (Special AT-rich sequence-binding protein 2)...
December 14, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Paul H Sugarbaker
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) may be of greatest benefit if all visible evidence of disease is resected. In some male patients the peritoneal metastases within the pelvis are invasive into the seminal vesicles and complete cytoreduction requires resection of these structures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From a prospective database of colorectal and appendiceal cancer patients who had CT evidence of seminal vesicle involvement and then had cytoreduction including resection of the seminal vesicles were reviewed...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Shinji Tsutsumi, Akihiko Murata, Yoichi Yamauchi, Kensuke Okano, Hiroshi Yokoyama, Akitoshi Kimura, Yoshiya Ishizawa, Minoru Umehara, Masashi Kato, Naoki Hashimoto, Yutaka Umehara, Shinsuke Nishikawa, Kenichi Takahashi, Takayuki Morita
A 74-year-oldwoman hadconsultedthe department of urology in our hospital because of microscopic hematuria. Cystoscopy revealeda urinary bladder tumor, suspectedas an adenocarcinoma basedon biopsy. MRI showeda cystic tumor of the appendix with vesical fistula; therefore, she underwent an operation with a diagnosis of appendiceal cancer invading the urinary bladder. During the operation, we found that the appendix sunk into the urinary bladder with right adnexa. Therefore, we performed ileocecal resection, partial resection of the urinary bladder, and right adnexectomy...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Satoshi Kataoka, Kei Naito, Koji Miyagawa, Yosuke Ishihara, Nobuaki Fuji
We report a case oftwo -stage right hemicolectomy in which the first surgery performed was laparoscopic ileocecal resection based on the preoperative diagnosis ofacute appendicitis. The second surgery was performed based on pathological diagnosis ofadvanced cecal cancer accompanied by appendicitis. A 49-year-old woman came to our hospital with a chief complaint of abdominal pain in the lower quadrant for 1 week. Blood test results indicated an inflammatory response, with white blood cells at 10,000/mL and C-reactive protein of1 7...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Edward A Levine, Konstantinos I Votanopoulos, Perry Shen, Greg Russell, Joyce Fenstermaker, Paul Mansfield, David Bartlett, John H Stewart
BACKGROUND: Appendiceal cancer is a rare disease, which has proven difficult to study in prospective trials. Cytoreductive surgery with HIPEC is an established therapy for peritoneal dissemination from appendiceal cancer. The optimal chemotherapeutic agent to use in the HIPEC is not clear. Mitomycin has long been the utilized, however our previous phase I experience, and European retrospective studies suggest oxaliplatin as an alternative. Therefore, we initiated a multicenter randomized trial to compare mitomycin to oxaliplatin HIPEC for appendiceal cancer...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Moritz Jesinghaus, Björn Konukiewitz, Sebastian Foersch, Albrecht Stenzinger, Katja Steiger, Alexander Muckenhuber, Claudia Groß, Martin Mollenhauer, Wilfried Roth, Sönke Detlefsen, Wilko Weichert, Günter Klöppel, Nicole Pfarr, Anna Melissa Schlitter
The appendix gives rise to goblet cell carcinoids, which represent special carcinomas with distinct biological and histological features. Their genetic background and molecular relationship to colorectal adenocarcinoma is largely unknown. We therefore performed a next-generation sequencing analysis of 25 appendiceal carcinomas including 11 goblet cell carcinoids, 7 adenocarcinomas ex-goblet cell carcinoid, and 7 primary colorectal-type adenocarcinomas, using a modified Colorectal Cancer specific Panel comprising 32 genes linked to colorectal and neuroendocrine tumorigenesis...
January 12, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Ashok K Dilly, Brendon D Honick, Yong J Lee, Zong S Guo, Herbert J Zeh, David L Bartlett, Haroon A Choudry
Cancer cells aberrantly express mucins to enhance their survival. Relative chemoresistance of appendiceal pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is attributed to abundant extracellular mucin 2 (MUC2) protein production. We hypothesized that simultaneous MUC2 inhibition and apoptosis induction would be effective against mucinous tumors. In vitro studies were conducted using LS174T cells (MUC2-secreting human colorectal cancer cells), PMP explant tissue, and epithelial organoid cultures (colonoids) derived from mucinous appendix cancers...
December 5, 2017: Oncotarget
Amir Mehrvarz Sarshekeh, Shailesh Advani, Daniel M Halperin, Claudius Conrad, Chan Shen, James C Yao, Arvind Dasari
Background: Appendiceal neuroendocrine neoplasms are most often diagnosed incidentally during appendectomy. The need for subsequent right hemicolectomy (RHC) is determined based on the risk of regional lymph node (LN) involvement. Tumor size has historically been used as an indicator of this risk, but controversy remains regarding its cut off. Furthermore, the impact of RHC on survival is unclear. Methods: We used the SEER database to identify patients diagnosed with appendiceal neuroendocrine tumors...
November 21, 2017: Oncotarget
Camille L Stewart, Ana Gleisner, Alison Halpern, Irada Ibrahim-Zada, Rodrigo Asturias Luna, Nathan Pearlman, Csaba Gajdos, Barish Edil, Martin McCarter
BACKGROUND: Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) administration can be associated with hyperglycemia during perfusion. Little is known about this effect, and no previous studies have examined patient characteristics associated with perfusion-related hyperglycemia. METHODS: We retrospectively identified consecutive patients at a single institution treated with HIPEC from 8/2003 to 10/2016 who had intraoperative blood glucose measured. Hypertonic 1.5% dextrose-containing peritoneal dialysate was used as carrier solution in all patients...
March 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Sarah B Fisher, Safia Rafeeq, Ken Hess, Travis E Grotz, Paul Mansfield, Richard Royal, Brian Badgwell, Jason Fleming, Keith Fournier, Gary N Mann
BACKGROUND: Elevated BNP is associated with adverse cardiac outcomes after noncardiac surgery. We assessed BNP values as markers of perioperative fluid status and their correlation with major/cardiopulmonary (CP) complications following CRS + HIPEC. METHODS: Fluid balance, BNP levels, and morbidity data were collected for all patients undergoing CRS + HIPEC between 6/2014 and 2/2016. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-nine patients underwent CRS + HIPEC for appendiceal adenocarcinoma (n = 99), mesothelioma (n = 16), and colon cancer (n = 14)...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Toshiyuki Kitai, Kenya Yamanaka
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to clarify the role of repeat cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS + HIPEC) in the management of recurrent peritoneal carcinomatosis of appendiceal origin. METHODS: Data were retrieved on 42 patients who underwent CRS + HIPEC; 29 repeat surgical procedures were performed in 13 patients. RESULTS: Complete cytoreduction was achieved in 12 of 13 patients by the second CRS...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Dario Baratti, Shigeki Kusamura, Massimo Milione, Federica Bruno, Marcello Guaglio, Marcello Deraco
BACKGROUND: Controversies still persist regarding the terminology and pathologic classification of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms and associated pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). We assessed reproducibility and prognostic significance of the classification recently proposed by the Peritoneal Surface Oncology Group International (PSOGI). METHODS: A prospective database of 265 PMP patients uniformly treated by cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) from 1995 to 2017 was reviewed...
November 20, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Paul Riviere, Paul T Fanta, Sadakatsu Ikeda, Joel Baumgartner, Gregory M Heestand, Razelle Kurzrock
We aimed to assess the utility of a novel, non-invasive method of detecting genomic alterations in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies i.e., the use of liquid biopsies to obtain blood-derived circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) through an analysis of the genomic landscape of ctDNA (68 genes) from 213 patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancers. The most common cancer types were colorectal adenocarcinoma (N=55 (26%)), appendiceal adenocarcinoma (N=46 (22%)), hepatocellular carcinoma (N=31 (15%)), and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (N=25 (12%))...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Hsin-Hsien Yu, Yutaka Yonemura, Mao-Chih Hsieh, Akiyoshi Mizumoto, Satoshi Wakama, Chang-Yun Lu
BACKGROUND: Goblet cell carcinomas (GCCs) of the appendix are rare and aggressive malignancies with early peritoneal dissemination. The aim of the present article is to describe our experience in the management of GCCs with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) through cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) and to determine the impact of multiple clinical characteristics on the prognosis. METHODS: From a prospectively maintained database of patients receiving CRS and HIPEC for peritoneal surface malignancy, the data of 15 patients with GCC and PC were collected...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
Yeqian Huang, Nayef A Alzahrani, Winston Liauw, Hussein Soudy, Abdulaziz M Alzahrani, David L Morris
INTRODUCTION: The combined approach of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has achieved encouraging outcomes for patients with PMCA with peritoneal dissemination. However, there is little evidence for the use of EPIC in addition to HIPEC in this group of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of prospectively collected data of consecutive patients with PMCA who underwent CRS and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy by one surgical team at St George Hospital in Sydney, Australia between Jan 1996 and Aug 2016...
December 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Mark A Valasek, Reetesh K Pai
Despite advances in our understanding of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms and their relationship to the pseudomyxoma peritonei syndrome, the classification of mucinous tumors of the appendix is still confusing. This review will provide an update on the various classification systems that have been recently proposed for appendiceal mucinous neoplasia, with a particular emphasis on how to handle and report the histologic findings for these tumors using the newly published Peritoneal Surface Oncology Group International (PSOGI) and American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) eighth edition guidelines...
January 2018: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
Riva Das, Joshua P Cantor, Thai Q Vu
INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis, one of the commonest surgical diagnoses, is rare and more complex presentation in the elderly. Physicians must consider atypical causes appendicitis in this population, which could affect the management of the patient. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An elderly female presented with a two-day history of lower abdominal pain, associated with low-grade fevers and chills. Studies showed leukocytosis and computed tomography (CT) findings consistent with appendicitis...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Sarah E Umetsu, Nafis Shafizadeh, Sanjay Kakar
The grading and staging of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms is challenging and fraught with terminology problems, but has critical prognostic and therapeutic implications. We utilized a small case series to examine the grading and staging systems of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms and outline the evidence for the new systems proposed in the upcoming 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Staging Manual. We reviewed 33 cases of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms with available clinical follow-up data, 6 of which were widely disseminated in the peritoneum...
November 2017: Human Pathology
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