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Microbial fermentation technology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696037/unravelling-biocomplexity-of-electroactive-biofilms-for-producing-hydrogen-from-biomass
#1
Alex J Lewis, Maria F Campa, Terry C Hazen, Abhijeet P Borole
Leveraging nature's biocomplexity for solving human problems requires better understanding of the syntrophic relationships in engineered microbiomes developed in bioreactor systems. Understanding the interactions between microbial players within the community will be key to enhancing conversion and production rates from biomass streams. Here we investigate a bioelectrochemical system employing an enriched microbial consortium for conversion of a switchgrass-derived bio-oil aqueous phase (BOAP) into hydrogen via microbial electrolysis (MEC)...
July 11, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690680/from-grass-to-gas-microbiome-dynamics-of-grass-biomass-acidification-under-mesophilic-and-thermophilic-temperatures
#2
Christian Abendroth, Claudia Simeonov, Juli Peretó, Oreto Antúnez, Raquel Gavidia, Olaf Luschnig, Manuel Porcar
BACKGROUND: Separating acidification and methanogenic steps in anaerobic digestion processes can help to optimize the process and contribute to producing valuable sub-products such as methane, hydrogen and organic acids. However, the full potential of this technology has not been fully explored yet. To assess the underlying fermentation process in more detail, a combination of high-throughput sequencing and proteomics on the acidification step of plant material (grass) at both mesophilic and thermophilic temperatures (37 and 55 °C, respectively) was applied for the first time...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642742/microbial-resources-and-enological-significance-opportunities-and-benefits
#3
REVIEW
Leonardo Petruzzi, Vittorio Capozzi, Carmen Berbegal, Maria R Corbo, Antonio Bevilacqua, Giuseppe Spano, Milena Sinigaglia
Among the innovative trends in the wine sector, the continuous exploration of enological properties associated with wine microbial resources represents a cornerstone driver of quality improvement. Since the advent of starter cultures technology, the attention has been focused on intraspecific biodiversity within the primary species responsible for alcoholic fermentation (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and, subsequently, for the so-called 'malolactic fermentation' (Oenococcus oeni). However, in the last decade, a relevant number of studies proposed the enological exploitation of an increasing number of species (e...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622378/gene-modification-of-the-acetate-biosynthesis-pathway-in-escherichia-coli-and-implementation-of-the-cell-recycling-technology-to-increase-l-tryptophan-production
#4
Qingyang Xu, Fang Bai, Ning Chen, Gang Bai
The implementation of a novel cell recycling technology based on a special disk centrifuge during microbial fermentation process can continuously separate the product and harmful intermediates, while maintaining the cell viability owing to the installed cooling system. Acetate accumulation is an often encountered problem in L-tryptophan fermentation by Escherichia coli. To extend our previous studies, the current study deleted the key genes underlying acetate biosynthesis to improve l-tryptophan production...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616071/combined-de-novo-and-ex-novo-lipid-fermentation-in-a-mix-medium-of-corncob-acid-hydrolysate-and-soybean-oil-by-trichosporon-dermatis
#5
Chao Huang, Mu-Tan Luo, Xue-Fang Chen, Gao-Xiang Qi, Lian Xiong, Xiao-Qing Lin, Can Wang, Hai-Long Li, Xin-De Chen
BACKGROUND: Microbial oil is one important bio-product for its important function in energy, chemical, and food industry. Finding suitable substrates is one key issue for its industrial application. Both hydrophilic and hydrophobic substrates can be utilized by oleaginous microorganisms with two different bio-pathways ("de novo" lipid fermentation and "ex novo" lipid fermentation). To date, most of the research on lipid fermentation has focused mainly on only one fermentation pathway and little work was carried out on both "de novo" and "ex novo" lipid fermentation simultaneously; thus, the advantages of both lipid fermentation cannot be fulfilled comprehensively...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572938/the-effect-of-proteolytic-activity-of-starter-cultures-on-technologically-important-properties-of-yogurt
#6
Elahe Amani, Mohammad Hadi Eskandari, Shahram Shekarforoush
In this study, the effects of proteolytic activity of yogurt starter bacteria on physicochemical and technological properties of yogurt were investigated. Moreover, impact of proteolytic activity and production of exopolysaccharide (EPS) on the performance of each strain were screened. In order to compare the textural properties of yogurt samples, four parameters were evaluated: syneresis, water-holding capacity, cohesiveness, and hardness. Results showed that strains with high proteolytic activity had lower acidifying activity during fermentation and storage...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559928/novel-insight-into-the-relationship-between-organic-substrate-composition-and-volatile-fatty-acids-distribution-in-acidogenic-co-fermentation
#7
Huijun Ma, He Liu, Lihui Zhang, Meng Yang, Bo Fu, Hongbo Liu
BACKGROUND: Co-fermentation is an attractive technology for improving volatile fatty acids (VFAs) production by treatment of solid organic wastes. However, it remains unclear how the composition of different organic matters in solid waste influences the VFAs distribution, microbial community structure, and metabolic pathway during acidogenic co-fermentation. In this study, different organic wastes were added into waste activated sludge (WAS) as co-fermentation substrates to explore the impact of organic matter composition on VFAs pattern and the microbiological mechanism ...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545359/microbial-enzymatic-degradation-of-biodegradable-plastics
#8
Roohi, Kulsoom Bano, Mohammed Kuddus, Mohd Rehan Zaheer, Qamar Zia, Mohd Farhan Khan, Ghulam Md Ashraf, Gjumrakch Aliev
Background The use of different types of plastics in the world either synthetic or biodegradable has become a part in all sectors of the economy. Infrastructure such as agriculture, building and construction, telecommunication, consumer goods, packaging, health and medical are all high growth areas that ensure a spiralling demand for plastics. Lack of degradability, environmental pollution and closing of landfill sites has led to concern more about plastic waste disposal. Appropriate biodegradation should occur for these water-immiscible polymers since they eventually enter streams which can neither be recycled nor incinerated and also not despoiled with existing physical and chemical means of degradation...
May 23, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540643/improvement-of-fermented-fish-flour-quality-using-essential-oil-extracted-from-fresh-leaves-of-pimenta-racemosa-mill-j-w-moore
#9
Euloge S Adjou, René G Dègnon, Edwige Dahouenon-Ahoussi, Mohamed M Soumanou, Dominique C K Sohounhloue
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the essential oil extracted from fresh leaves of Pimenta racemosa in the improvement of fermented fish flour producing technology. Essential oil of Pimenta racemosa was extracted by hydrodistillation and its chemical composition was determined by GC and GC/MS. Different types of fermented fish flours from Lesser African Threadfin (Galeoides decadactylus) were produced by the modification of the traditional processing technology and the introduction of a step of essential oil adjunction during the process...
August 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533770/from-vineyard-soil-to-wine-fermentation-microbiome-approximations-to-explain-the-terroir-concept
#10
REVIEW
Ignacio Belda, Iratxe Zarraonaindia, Matthew Perisin, Antonio Palacios, Alberto Acedo
Wine originally emerged as a serendipitous mix of chemistry and biology, where microorganisms played a decisive role. From these ancient fermentations to the current monitored industrial processes, winegrowers and winemakers have been continuously changing their practices according to scientific knowledge and advances. A new enology direction is emerging and aiming to blend the complexity of spontaneous fermentations with industrial safety of monitored fermentations. In this context, wines with distinctive autochthonous peculiarities have a great acceptance among consumers, causing important economic returns...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471292/statistical-optimization-for-the-production-of-recombinant-cold-adapted-superoxide-dismutase-in-e-coli-using-response-surface-methodology
#11
Yatong Wang, Quanfu Wang, Yifan Wang, Han Han, Yanhua Hou, Yonglei Shi
Cold-adapted superoxide dismutase (SOD) with higher catalytic activity at lower temperature has great amount of applications in many aspects as an industrial enzyme. The application of recombinant enzyme in gene engineering and microbial fermentation technology is an effective way to obtain high-yield product. In this study, to obtain the recombinant SOD in E. coli (rPsSOD) with the highest activity, the Box-Behnken design was first applied to optimize the important parameters (lactose, tryptone and Tween-80) affecting the activity of rPsSOD...
May 4, 2017: Bioengineered
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465826/effects-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-fermentation-products-on-performance-and-rumen-fermentation-and-microbiota-in-dairy-cows-fed-a-diet-containing-low-quality-forage
#12
Wen Zhu, Zihai Wei, Ningning Xu, Fan Yang, Ilkyu Yoon, Yihua Chung, Jianxin Liu, Jiakun Wang
BACKGROUND: A possible option to meet the increased demand of forage for dairy industry is to use the agricultural by-products, such as corn stover. However, nutritional value of crop residues is low and we have been seeking technologies to improve the value. A feeding trial was performed to evaluate the effects of four levels of Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product (SCFP; Original XP; Diamond V) on lactation performance and rumen fermentation in mid-lactation Holstein dairy cows fed a diet containing low-quality forage...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429701/-microbiota-and-metabolic-syndrome
#13
Yüksel Altuntaş, Adnan Batman
The role of gut bacteria in the pathogenesis and treatment of various diseases has been a focus of attention in the last 10 years. Prevalence of diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular diseases continues to increase, in spite of technological developments and treatment alternatives. Microbial dysbiosis, described as the decrease of useful bacteria and the increase of harmful bacteria, has been associated with diabetes, obesity, atherosclerosis, and metabolic syndrome. In microbial dysbiosis, increase of harmful metabolites and changes to composition of bile acids occur via carbohydrate and protein fermentation...
April 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423948/fermentation-at-non-conventional-conditions-in-food-and-bio-sciences-by-the-application-of-advanced-processing-technologies
#14
Maria J Mota, Rita P Lopes, Mohamed Koubaa, Shahin Roohinejad, Francisco J Barba, Ivonne Delgadillo, Jorge A Saraiva
The interest in improving the yield and productivity values of relevant microbial fermentations is an increasingly important issue for the scientific community. Therefore, several strategies have been tested for the stimulation of microbial growth and manipulation of their metabolic behavior. One promising approach involves the performance of fermentative processes during non-conventional conditions, which includes high pressure (HP), electric fields (EF) and ultrasound (US). These advanced technologies are usually applied for microbial inactivation in the context of food processing...
April 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419163/response-of-microbial-community-of-organic-matter-impoverished-arable-soil-to-long-term-application-of-soil-conditioner-derived-from-dynamic-rapid-fermentation-of-food-waste
#15
Jiaqi Hou, Mingxiao Li, Xuhui Mao, Yan Hao, Jie Ding, Dongming Liu, Beidou Xi, Hongliang Liu
Rapid fermentation of food waste can be used to prepare soil conditioner. This process consumes less time and is more cost-effective than traditional preparation technology. However, the succession of the soil microbial community structure after long-term application of rapid fermentation-derived soil conditioners remains unclear. Herein, dynamic rapid fermentation (DRF) of food waste was performed to develop a soil conditioner and the successions and diversity of bacterial communities in an organic-matter-impoverished arable soil after six years of application of DRF-derived soil conditioner were investigated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376880/a-review-on-lactococcus-lactis-from-food-to-factory
#16
REVIEW
Adelene Ai-Lian Song, Lionel L A In, Swee Hua Erin Lim, Raha Abdul Rahim
Lactococcus lactis has progressed a long way since its discovery and initial use in dairy product fermentation, to its present biotechnological applications in genetic engineering for the production of various recombinant proteins and metabolites that transcends the heterologous species barrier. Key desirable features of this gram-positive lactic acid non-colonizing gut bacteria include its generally recognized as safe (GRAS) status, probiotic properties, the absence of inclusion bodies and endotoxins, surface display and extracellular secretion technology, and a diverse selection of cloning and inducible expression vectors...
April 4, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369806/identification-of-microbial-profile-of-koji-using-single-molecule-real-time-sequencing-technology
#17
Wenyan Hui, Qiangchuan Hou, Chenxia Cao, Haiyan Xu, Yi Zhen, Lai-Yu Kwok, Tiansong Sun, Heping Zhang, Wenyi Zhang
Koji is a kind of Japanese traditional fermented starter that has been used for centuries. Many fermented foods are made from koji, such as sake, miso, and soy sauce. This study used the single molecule real-time sequencing technology (SMRT) to investigate the bacterial and fungal microbiota of 3 Japanese koji samples. After SMRT analysis, a total of 39121 high-quality sequences were generated, including 14354 bacterial and 24767 fungal sequence reads. The high-quality gene sequences were assigned to 5 bacterial and 2 fungal plyla, dominated by Proteobacteria and Ascomycota, respectively...
May 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365403/integration-of-heterogeneous-and-biochemical-catalysis-for-production-of-fuels-and-chemicals-from-biomass
#18
REVIEW
Ian Wheeldon, Phillip Christopher, Harvey Blanch
The past decade has seen significant government and private investment in fundamental research and process development for the production of biofuels and chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass-derived sugars. This investment has helped create new metabolic engineering and synthetic biology approaches, novel homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts, and chemical and biological routes that convert sugars, lignin, and waste products such as glycerol into hydrocarbon fuels and valuable chemicals. With the exception of ethanol, economical biofuels processes have yet to be realized...
March 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364728/microbial-ecology-of-fermentative-hydrogen-producing-bioprocesses-useful-insights-for-driving-the-ecosystem-function
#19
Lea Cabrol, Antonella Marone, Estela Tapia-Venegas, Jean-Philippe Steyer, Gonzalo Ruiz-Filippi, Eric Trably
One of the most important biotechnological challenges is to develop environment friendly technologies to produce new sources of energy. Microbial production of biohydrogen through dark fermentation, by conversion of residual biomass, is an attractive solution for short-term development of bioH2 producing processes. Efficient biohydrogen production relies on complex mixed communities working in tight interaction. Species composition and functional traits are of crucial importance to maintain the ecosystem service...
March 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339160/biofortification-of-riboflavin-and-folate-in-idli-batter-based-on-fermented-cereal-and-pulse-by-lactococcus-lactis-n8-and-saccharomyces-boulardii-saa655
#20
S C Chandrasekar Rajendran, B Chamlagain, S Kariluoto, V Piironen, P E J Saris
AIMS: Lactococcus lactis N8 and Saccharomyces boulardii SAA655 were investigated for their ability to synthesize B-vitamins (riboflavin and folate) and their functional role as microbial starters in idli fermentation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography and microbiological assay were used to determine the total riboflavin and folate content respectively. Increased levels of folate were evident in both L. lactis N8 and S...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
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