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Shima N N S Hashim, Lachlan J Schwarz, Basil Danylec, Mahesh K Potdar, Reinhard I Boysen, Milton T W Hearn
This investigation describes a general procedure for the selectivity mapping of molecularly imprinted polymers, using (E)-resveratrol-imprinted polymers as the exemplar, and polyphenolic compounds present in Pinot noir grape skin extracts as the test compounds. The procedure is based on the analysis of samples generated before and after solid-phase extraction of (E)-resveratrol and other polyphenols contained within the Pinot noir grape skins using (E)-resveratrol-imprinted polymers. Capillary reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) and electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry (ESI MS/MS) was then employed for compound analysis and identification...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Rosa-M Valls, Elisabet Llauradó, Sara Fernández-Castillejo, Francesc Puiggrós, Rosa Solà, Lluis Arola, Anna Pedret
BACKGROUND: Oligopin(ۚ) (OP) is a quantified extract from French Maritime Pine bark (FMPB) with low molecular weight procyanidins. The cardioprotective effects of OP need to be tested in human clinical intervention trials with an appropriate design. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of subchronic consumption of OP on cardiovascular disease risk factors such as lipid profile, systolic blood pressure (BP) and oxidized-Low Density Lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in stage-1-hypertensive subjects...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Hubert Antolak, Agata Czyzowska, Dorota Kregiel
The aim of the study was to evaluate the activity of high-polyphenolic black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) and bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) juices against bacterial strains Asaia lannensis and Asaia bogorensis isolated as spoilage of commercial soft drinks. The composition of fruit juices was evaluated using chromatographic techniques HPLC and LC-MS. The adhesion to glass, polystyrene, and polyethylene terephthalate in two different culture media was evaluated by luminometry and the plate count method. The major anthocyanins in the V...
2016: BioMed Research International
Xiangrong Li, Yunhui Yan
L-Ascorbic acid, α-tocopherol, procyanidin B3, β-carotene and astaxanthin are five classic dietary antioxidants. In this study, the interaction between the five antioxidants and ovalbumin was investigated by fluorescence spectroscopy, in combination with UV-vis absorption spectroscopy and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. The quenching mechanism of ovalbumin by α-tocopherol is static quenching and the interaction between α-tocopherol and ovalbumin is synergistically driven by enthalpy and entropy. Electrostatic interactions and hydrophobic interactions play a major role in stabilizing the complex...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Fluorescence
Qiu Jue Wu, Yu Qin Wang, Yan Xia Qi
BACKGROUND: A 2 × 4 factorial arrangement of treatments was used to investigate the protective effect of procyanidin (PCA) against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute gut injury by the regulations of oxidative state for a 21-days feeding trial. METHODS: A total of 384 1-days-old broiler chicks were assigned to 8 treatments with 8 replicate of 6 broiler chickens per pen. Broiler chickens fed diets based on 4 levels of dietary PCA (0, 0.05, 0.075 and 0.1 % of the requirements)...
2016: SpringerPlus
Yi Zhou, Bao-Ying Li, Xiao-Li Li, Ya-Juan Wang, Zhen Zhang, Fei Pei, Quan-Zhen Wang, Jun Zhang, Ya-Wei Cai, Mei Cheng, Hai-Qing Gao
Grape seed procyanidin B2 (GSPB2) exerts a variety of potent protective pharmacological effects on diabetic complications. The renal protective effects of GSPB2 and the target protein mimecan regulated by GSPB2, discovered in a previous quantitative proteomic analysis, were assessed in mice with diabetic nephropathy Twenty-four db/db mice were divided into 2 groups of the vehicle-treated and GSPB2-treated (30 mg/kg/d) diabetic groups. All animals were observed for 10 weeks. Treatment with GSPB2 resulted in an improvement in body weight increase and serum levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol, advanced glycation end products, and urinary albumin excretion in comparison with the vehicle-treated diabetic mice (P < ...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Samara Requena Nocchi, Mychelle Vianna Pereira Companhoni, João Carlos Palazzo de Mello, Benedito Prado, Dias Filho, Celso Vataru Nakamura, Carlos Alexandre Carollo, Denise Brentan Silva, Tânia Ueda-Nakamura
Herpes simplex virus infections persist throughout the lifetime of the host and affect more than 80 % of the humans worldwide. The intensive use of available therapeutic drugs has led to undesirable effects, such as drug-resistant strains, prompting the search for new antiherpetic agents. Although diverse bioactivities have been identified in Schinus terebinthifolia, its antiviral activity has not attracted much attention. The present study evaluated the antiherpetic effects of a crude hydroethanolic extract from the stem bark of S...
October 5, 2016: Planta Medica
Lingxi Li, Shuting Zhang, Yan Cui, Yuanyuan Li, Lanxin Luo, Peiyu Zhou, Baoshan Sun
In this work, an efficient method for preparative separation of procyanidins from raw cacao bean extract by high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) was developed. Under the optimized solvent system of n-hexane-ethyl acetate-water (1:50:50, v/v/v) with a combination of head-tail and tail-head elution modes, various procyanidins fractions with different polymerization degrees were successfully separated. UPLC, QTOF-MS and (1)H NMR analysis verified that these fractions contained monomer up to pentamer respectively...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Jenny T Mao, Jane Smoake, Heesung Park, Qing-Yi Lu, Bingye Xue
Grape seed procyanidin extract (GSE) has been reported to exert antineoplastic properties via the inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)/prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) eicosanoid pathways. In addition, ample data link carcinogenesis to inflammatory events involving other major eicosanoid metabolic pathways, including prostacyclin (PGI2) and 15-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE). We therefore evaluated the effects of GSE on prostacyclin synthase (PTGIS)/PGI2 and 15-lipoxigenase-2 (15-LOX-2)/15-HETE productions by human lung premalignant and malignant cells and correlated the findings with anti-proliferative or pro-apoptotic effects of GSE...
September 22, 2016: Cancer Prevention Research
Susana Soares, Raúl Ferrer-Galego, Elsa Brandão, Mafalda Silva, Nuno Mateus, Victor de Freitas
The most widely accepted mechanism to explain astringency is the interaction and precipitation of salivary proteins by food tannins, in particular proline-rich proteins. However, other mechanisms have been arising to explain astringency, such as binding of tannins to oral cells. In this work, an experimental method was adapted to study the possible contribution of both salivary proteins and oral cells to astringency induced by grape seed procyanidin fractions. Overall, in the absence of salivary proteins, the extent of procyanidin complexation with oral cells increased with increasing procyanidin degree of polymerization (mDP)...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Elsa Mével, Christophe Merceron, Claire Vinatier, Stéphanie Krisa, Tristan Richard, Martial Masson, Julie Lesoeur, Vincent Hivernaud, Olivier Gauthier, Jérôme Abadie, Geoffroy Nourissat, Xavier Houard, Yohann Wittrant, Nelly Urban, Laurent Beck, Jérôme Guicheux
Polyphenols exert a large range of beneficial effects in the prevention of age-related diseases. We sought to determine whether an extract of olive and grape seed standardized according to hydroxytyrosol (HT) and procyanidins (PCy) content, exerts preventive anti-osteoathritic effects. To this aim, we evaluated whether the HT/PCy mix could (i) have in vitro anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective actions, (ii) exert anti-osteoarthritis effects in two post-traumatic animal models and (iii) retain its bioactivity after oral administration...
2016: Scientific Reports
Laura E Downing, Bradley S Ferguson, Kelvin Rodriguez, Marie-Louise Ricketts
SCOPE: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) have emerged as epigenetic regulators of risk factors associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS), and certain botanical extracts have proven to be potent HDAC inhibitors. Understanding the role of dietary procyanidins in HDAC inhibition is important in exploring the therapeutic potential of natural products. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were gavaged with vehicle (water) or grape seed procyanidin extract (GSPE, 250 mg/kg) and terminated 14 hours later...
September 14, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Yoko Yamashita, Liuqing Wang, Fumio Nanba, Chiaki Ito, Toshiya Toda, Hitoshi Ashida
Procyanidins are the oligomeric or polymeric forms of epicatechin and catechin. In this study, we isolated and purified dimer to tetramer procyanidins from black soybean seed coat and investigated the anti-hyperglycemic effects by focusing on glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) translocation and the underlying molecular mechanism in skeletal muscle of mice. The anti-hyperglycemic effects of procyanidins were also compared with those of monomer (-)-epicatechin (EC) and major anthocyanin, cyanidin-3-O-β-glucoside (C3G)...
2016: PloS One
Haifeng Jin, Mingcheng Liu, Xin Zhang, Jinjin Pan, Jinzhen Han, Yudong Wang, Haixin Lei, Yanchun Ding, Yuhui Yuan
Hypoxia-induced oxidative stress and excessive proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) play important roles in the pathological process of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (HPH). Grape seed procyanidin extract (GSPE) possesses antioxidant properties and has beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system. However, the effect of GSPE on HPH remains unclear. In this study, adult Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to intermittent chronic hypoxia for 4 weeks to mimic a severe HPH condition. Hemodynamic and pulmonary pathomorphology data showed that chronic hypoxia significantly increased right ventricular systolic pressures (RVSP), weight of the right ventricle/left ventricle plus septum (RV/LV+S) ratio and median width of pulmonary arteries...
October 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Yi-Fang Li, Shu-Hua Ouyang, Yi-Qun Chang, Ting-Mei Wang, Wei-Xi Li, Hai-Yan Tian, Hong Cao, Hiroshi Kurihara, Rong-Rong He
Camellia sinensis var. puanensis Kurihara (Puan tea) is a kind of ancient tea plant newly found in Jiangxipo and the surrounding areas of Puan County (Guizhou, China). People there always believe that drinking Puan tea is beneficial to the promotion of health and prevention of diseases. However, detailed information on its compositions has not been reported. Therefore, in this study, the varieties and contents of purine alkaloids and polyphenols in Puan tea were identified and determined by HPLC and UFLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS...
February 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Ah-Na Kim, Hyun-Jin Kim, William L Kerr, Sung-Gil Choi
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of grinding at different vacuum levels (2.67, 6.67, 13.33, 19.99, and 101.33kPa) on key quality factors of apple. In the control apple, ground at atmospheric pressure of 101.33kPa, the antioxidant activities rapidly decreased within the first 30min, then plateaued thereafter, while enzymatic browning increased. When apples were ground and held under vacuum, changes in color and antioxidant activity were much less, and the least change was measured in samples prepared at the lowest pressure...
February 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Hyun Woo Kim, Junha Park, Kyo Bin Kang, Tae Bum Kim, Won Keun Oh, Jinwoong Kim, Sang Hyun Sung
Eight new compounds (1-8), including five acylphloroglucinolated catechins (1-5) and three phenylethyl isocoumarin glycosides (6-8), were isolated from Agrimonia pilosa along with six other known compounds (9-14). The new compounds were characterized structurally by NMR, MS, and ECD analyses. Compounds 4 and 5 were assigned as acylphloroglucinolated procyanidin derivatives, which are described for the first time from Nature. The absolute configuration of compound 8 was elucidated by computational analysis of its ECD spectrum...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
Juliano Garavaglia, Melissa M Markoski, Aline Oliveira, Aline Marcadenti
Grape seed oil is rich in phenolic compounds, fatty acids, and vitamins, with economic importance to pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industry. Its use as an edible oil has also been suggested, especially due to its pleasant sensory characteristics. Grape seed oil has beneficial properties for health that are mainly detected by in vitro studies, such as anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, antimicrobial, and anticancer properties, and may interact with cellular and molecular pathways. These effects have been related to grape seed oil constituents, mainly tocopherol, linolenic acid, resveratrol, quercetin, procyanidins, carotenoids, and phytosterols...
2016: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
Aude Habran, Mauro Commisso, Pierre Helwi, Ghislaine Hilbert, Stefano Negri, Nathalie Ollat, Eric Gomès, Cornelis van Leeuwen, Flavia Guzzo, Serge Delrot
The present work investigates the interactions between soil content, rootstock, and scion by focusing on the effects of roostocks and nitrogen supply on grape berry content. Scions of Cabernet Sauvignon (CS) and Pinot Noir (PN) varieties were grafted either on Riparia Gloire de Montpellier (RGM) or 110 Richter (110R) rootstock. The 4 rooststock/scion combinations were fertilized with 3 different levels of nitrogen after fruit set. Both in 2013 and 2014, N supply increased N uptake by the plants, and N content both in vegetative and reproductory organs...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
I Baiges, L Arola
BACKGROUND: Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a model organism with conserved aging pathways. Yeast chronological lifespan experiments mimic the processes involved in human non-dividing tissues, such as the nervous system or skeletal muscle, and can speed up the search for biomolecules with potential anti-aging effects before proceeding to animal studies. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of a cocoa polyphenol-rich extract (CPE) in expanding the S. cerevisiae chronological lifespan in two conditions: in the stationary phase reached after glucose depletion and under severe caloric restriction...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
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