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Procyanidin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416338/separation-and-purification-of-polyphenols-from-red-wine-extracts-using-high-speed-counter-current-chromatography
#1
Yuanyuan Li, Lingxi Li, Yan Cui, Shuting Zhang, Baoshan Sun
Polyphenols are important compounds of red wine owing to their contribution to sensory properties and antioxidant activities. In this study, high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) coupled with semi-preparative HPLC was used for large-scale separation and purification of polyphenols from red wine extracts. With the solvent system of hexane-ethyl acetate-water (1-50-50), various oligomeric procyanidins including monomer catechin, epicatechin, dimers B1, B2; phenolic acids including coutaric acid, caftaric acid and other type of polyphenols were largely separated within 370min and most of these compounds presented high yields (0...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414437/phenolic-content-and-antioxidant-activity-during-the-development-of-brookfield%C3%A2-and-mishima-apples
#2
Mayara C Stanger, Cristiano A Steffens, Cristina Soethe, Marcelo A Moreira, Cassandro V T do Amarante
The aim of this study was to characterize the changes in the contents of total (TPC) and individual (IPC) phenolic compounds and the total antioxidant activity (TAA) in the peel and pulp, and total anthocyanins (TAN) in the peel, during the development of the fruits of Brookfield® and Mishima apple trees. 'Brookfield®' apples were harvested from the 49th to 138th days after full bloom (DAFB) and 'Mishima' apples from the 45th to 172th DAFB. In the pulp, the IPC, TPC and TAA rapidly reduced at 75 and 79 DAFB for the 'Brookfield®' and 'Mishima' apples, respectively, and then remained constant until commercial maturity...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414054/endothelium-dependent-vasorelaxant-effect-of-procyanidin-b2-on-human-internal-mammary-artery
#3
Aleksandra Novakovic, Marija Marinko, Goran Jankovic, Ivan Stojanovic, Predrag Milojevic, Dragoslav Nenezic, Vladimir Kanjuh, Qin Yang, Guo-Wei He
The aim of the present study was to investigate and characterize vasorelaxant effect of procyanidin B2 on human internal mammary artery (HIMA) as one of the mechanisms of its protective effect against vascular risk. Procyanidin B2 induced strong concentration-dependent relaxation of HIMA rings pre-contracted by phenylephrine. Pretreatment with L-NAME, a NO synthase inhibitor, hydroxocobalamin, a NO scavenger, and ODQ, an inhibitor of soluble guanylate cyclase, significantly inhibited procyanidin B2-induced relaxation of HIMA, while indomethacin, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, considerably reduced effects of low concentrations...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409159/nutritional-composition-and-phytochemical-antioxidative-and-antifungal-activities-of-pergularia-tomentosa-l
#4
Imen Lahmar, Hafedh Belghith, Ferjani Ben Abdallah, Karima Belghith
Crude extracts from a medicinal Tunisian plant, Pergularia tomentosa L., were the investigated natural material. Butanolic extract of roots analyzed with IR spectra revealed the presence of hydroxyl, alcoholic, and carboxylic groups and sugars units. Analysis of some secondary metabolites, total phenolic, flavonoids, flavonols, and procyanidins, was performed using different solvents following the increased gradient of polarity. Fruits and leaves contained the highest amounts of all these compounds. Antioxidant properties were evaluated by the determination of free radical scavenging activity and the reducing power of methanolic extracts...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395820/characterization-and-quantification-of-fruit-phenolic-compounds-of-european-and-tunisian-pear-cultivars
#5
Marwa Brahem, Catherine M G C Renard, Severin Eder, Michèle Loonis, Rim Ouni, Messaoud Mars, Carine Le Bourvellec
The flesh and peel of 19 pear cultivars (8 Tunisian dessert cultivars, 8 European dessert cultivars and 3 French perry pear cultivars) were studied for their phenolic composition. Phenolic compounds were identified by HPLC/ESI-MS(2) and individually quantified by HPLC-DAD. Five classes of polyphenols were present: flavan-3-ols, phenolic acids, flavonols, anthocyanins and simple phenolics (hydroquinones). The total phenolic content ranged between 0.1g/kg Fresh Weight (FW) ('Conference' cultivar) and 8.6g/kg FW ('Plant De Blanc' cultivar) in the flesh and between 1...
May 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385033/a-new-procyanidin-b-from-campylospermum-zenkeri-ochnaceae-and-antiplasmodial-activity-of-two-derivatives-of-%C3%A2-serotobenine
#6
Norbert Mbabi Nyemeck, Dominique Serge Ngono Bikobo, Auguste Abouem A Zintchem, Eva-Maria Schäfer, Christian Bochet, Dieudonné Emmanuel Pegnyemb, Ulrich Koert
Phytochemical investigation of the stem bark of Campylospermum zenkeri led to the isolation of five known compounds: (Z,Z)-9,12-octadecadienoic acid (1), serotobenine (2), agathisflavone (3), lophirone A (4) and lophirone F (5), together with a new derivative of procyanidin B, a catechin dimer named zenkerinol (6). Serotobenine (2) is structurally related to decursivine which shows moderate activity against D6 and W2 strains of Plasmodium falciparum. For a better understanding of structure-activity relationships, three new semi-synthetic derivatives of serotobenine (2) have been prepared...
April 7, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383067/the-proposed-biosynthesis-of-procyanidins-by-the-comparative-chemical-analysis-of-five-camellia-species-using-lc-ms
#7
Liang Zhang, Yuling Tai, Yijun Wang, Qilu Meng, Yunqiu Yang, Shihua Zhang, Hua Yang, Zhengzhu Zhang, Daxiang Li, Xiaochun Wan
The genus Camellia (C.) contains many species, including C. sinensis, C. assamica, and C. taliensis, C. gymnogyna and C. tachangensis. The polyphenols of C. sinensis and C. assamica are flavan-3-ols monomers and their dimers and trimmers. However, the biosynthesis of procyanidins in Camellia genus remains unclear. In the present study, a comparative chemical analysis of flavan-3-ols, flavan-3-ols glycoside and procyanidins was conducted by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and liquid chromatography diode array detection coupled with triple-quadrupole mass-spectrometry (LC-DAD-QQQ-MS)...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376889/grape-seed-derived-procyanidins-alleviate-gout-pain-via-nlrp3-inflammasome-suppression
#8
Hai-Jiao Liu, Xiu-Xiu Pan, Bing-Qian Liu, Xuan Gui, Liang Hu, Chun-Yi Jiang, Yuan Han, Yi-Xin Fan, Yu-Lin Tang, Wen-Tao Liu
BACKGROUND: Gout is one of the common inflammatory arthritis which affects many people for inflicting unbearable pain. Macrophage-mediated inflammation plays an important role in gout. The uptake of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals by macrophages can lead to activation of NOD-like receptors containing a PYD 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, thus accelerating interleukin (IL)-1β production. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) promoted development of the inflammatory process through NLRP3 inflammasome...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372473/selection-of-chemical-markers-for-the-quality-control-of-medicinal-plants-of-the-genus-cecropia
#9
Andrés Rivera-Mondragón, Orlando O Ortíz, Sebastiaan Bijttebier, Arnold Vlietinck, Sandra Apers, Luc Pieters, Catherina Caballero-George
CONTEXT: Several Cecropia (Cecropiaceae) species are traditionally used in Latin America for the treatment of a variety of diseases including diabetes, arterial hypertension, asthma, bronchitis, anxiety, and inflammation. At present, a number of commercial products based on these plants have been introduced into the market with very little information on methods for guaranteeing their quality and safety. OBJECTIVE: This work proposes potential chemical markers for the quality control of the raw materials of Cecropia obtusifolia Bertol...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366989/black-soybean-seed-coat-polyphenols-prevent-aaph-induced-oxidative-dna-damage-in-hepg2-cells
#10
Yasukiyo Yoshioka, Xiu Li, Tianshun Zhang, Takakazu Mitani, Michiko Yasuda, Fumio Nanba, Toshiya Toda, Yoko Yamashita, Hitoshi Ashida
Black soybean seed coat extract (BE), which contains abundant polyphenols such as procyanidins, cyanidin 3-glucoside, (+)-catechin, and (-)-epicatechin, has been reported on health beneficial functions such as antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory, anti-obesity, and anti-diabetic activities. In this study, we investigated that prevention of BE and its polyphenols on 2,2'-azobis(2-methylpropionamide) dihydrochloride (AAPH)-induced oxidative DNA damage, and found that these polyphenols inhibited AAPH-induced formation of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) as a biomarker for oxidative DNA damage in HepG2 cells...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366854/a-novel-combined-polyphenol-aldehyde-crosslinking-of-collagen-film-applications-in-biomedical-materials
#11
Ting Liu, Lu Shi, Zhipeng Gu, Weihua Dan, Nianhua Dan
Despite its crucial role in directing cell fate in healthy and diseased tissues, improvements in physical-chemical properties and biocompatibility of type-I collagen are still needed. In this report, we described combined and facile method to modify collagen. The collagen film was first modified by procyanidins solution, in which, then subjected to further crosslinked by dialdehyde alginate, resulting in collagen-procyanidins-dialdehyde alginate film. The properties of the crosslinked collagen films were investigated and the results were discussed...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355065/haze-in-apple-based-beverages-detailed-polyphenol-polysaccharide-protein-and-mineral-compositions
#12
Melanie Millet, Pascal Poupard, Jean-Michel Le Quéré, Remi Bauduin, Sylvain Guyot
Producers of apple-based beverages are confronted with colloidal instability. Haze is caused by interactions between molecules that lead to the formation of aggregates. Haze composition in three apple-based beverages, namely, French sparkling cider, apple juice, and pommeau, was studied. Phenolic compounds, proteins, polysaccharides, and minerals were analyzed using global and detailed analytical methods. The results explained <75% (w/w) of haze dry mass. Polyphenols, represented mainly by procyanidins, were the main compounds identified and accounted for 10-31% of haze...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349602/development-of-an-improved-online-comprehensive-hydrophilic-interaction-chromatography%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-reversed-phase-ultra-high-pressure-liquid-chromatography-platform-for-complex-multiclass-polyphenolic-sample-analysis
#13
Eduardo Sommella, Omar H Ismail, Francesco Pagano, Giacomo Pepe, Carmine Ostacolo, Giulia Mazzoccanti, Mariateresa Russo, Ettore Novellino, Francesco Gasparrini, Pietro Campiglia
In this study, an improved online comprehensive two-dimensional liquid chromatography platform coupled to tandem mass spectrometry was developed, for the analysis of complex polyphenolic samples. A narrowbore hydrophilic interaction chromatography column (150 × 2.0 mm, 3.0 μm, crosslinked diol) was employed in the first dimension, while a reversed-phase column based on monodisperse sub-2 μm fully porous particles (50 × 3.0 mm, 1.9 μm d.p.) with high surface area (410 m(2) /g) was employed in the second...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341432/development-validation-and-evaluation-of-an-analytical-method-for-the-determination-of-monomeric-and-oligomeric-procyanidins-in-apple-extracts
#14
Wendy J Hollands, Stefan Voorspoels, Griet Jacobs, Kjersti Aaby, Ane Meisland, Rocio Garcia-Villalba, Francisco Tomas-Barberan, Mariusz K Piskula, Deborah Mawson, Irena Vovk, Paul W Needs, Paul A Kroon
There is a lack of data for individual oligomeric procyanidins in apples and apple extracts. Our aim was to develop, validate and evaluate an analytical method for the separation, identification and quantification of monomeric and oligomeric flavanols in apple extracts. To achieve this, we prepared two types of flavanol extracts from freeze-dried apples; one was an epicatechin-rich extract containing ∼30% (w/w) monomeric (-)-epicatechin which also contained oligomeric procyanidins (Extract A), the second was an oligomeric procyanidin-rich extract depleted of epicatechin (Extract B)...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317766/first-evidences-of-interaction-between-pyranoanthocyanins-and-salivary-proline-rich-proteins
#15
Ignacio García-Estévez, Luís Cruz, Joana Oliveira, Nuno Mateus, Victor de Freitas, Susana Soares
The contribution of other classes of polyphenol compounds besides tannins to the overall perception of astringency is still poorly understood. So, this work aimed to study the interaction between a family of salivary proline-rich proteins (aPRPs) and representative pyranoanthocyanins in red wines [pyranomalvidin-3-glucoside (vitisin B), pyranomalvidin-3-glucoside-catechol, and pyranomalvidin-3-glucoside-epicatechin] using saturation transfer difference-NMR and MALDI-TOF. For vitisin B KD was of 1.74mM; for pyranomalvidin-3-glucoside-catechol was 1...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317744/molecular-study-of-mucin-procyanidin-interaction-by-fluorescence-quenching-and-saturation-transfer-difference-std-nmr
#16
Elsa Brandão, Mafalda Santos Silva, Ignacio García-Estévez, Nuno Mateus, Victor de Freitas, Susana Soares
Astringency is closely related to the interaction between procyanidins and salivary proteins (SP). The aim of this work was to study the interaction between mucin, a SP responsible for saliva lubricating properties, with different procyanidins (B4 dimer, tetramer (TT) and fractions of oligomeric procyanidins), and the influence of several conditions [pH, ionic strength, procyanidins' mean degree of polymerization (mDP) and different solvents (ethanol or dimethylsulfoxide)] on this interaction by fluorescence quenching and Saturation Transfer Difference (STD)-NMR...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314100/attenuated-mtor-signaling-and-enhanced-glucose-homeostasis-by-dietary-supplementation-with-lotus-seedpod-oligomeric-procyanidins-in-streptozotocin-stz-induced-diabetic-mice
#17
Xiaopeng Li, Yong Sui, Qian Wu, Bijun Xie, Zhida Sun
This study investigated the protective role of lotus seedpod oligomeric procyanidins (LSOPC) and synbiotics (Bifidobacterium Bb-12 and xylo-oligosaccharide) against high fat and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. Administration of LSOPC or synbiotics have no effect on blood glucose in normal mice. Treatments with LSOPC for 12 weeks markedly reduced blood glucose, FFA, endotoxin, GHbA1c and improved glucose homeostasis, lipid metabolism and insulin level. In addition, administration of LSOPC significantly reversed the increase of mTOR and p66Shc in liver, skeletal muscle and white adipose tissue (WAT)...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303711/phenolic-elderberry-extracts-anthocyanins-procyanidins-and-metabolites-influence-glucose-and-fatty-acid-uptake-in-human-skeletal-muscle-cells
#18
Giang Thanh Thi Ho, Eili Tranheim Kase, Helle Wangensteen, Hilde Barsett
Uptake of glucose and fatty acids in skeletal muscle is of interest for type 2 diabetes treatment. The aim was to study glucose and fatty acid uptake in skeletal muscle cells, antioxidant effects, and inhibition of carbohydrate-hydrolyzing enzymes by elderberries. Enhanced glucose and oleic acid uptake in human skeletal muscle cells were observed after treatment with phenolic elderberry extracts, anthocyanins, procyanidins, and their metabolites. The 96% EtOH and the acidified MeOH extracts were highly active...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282861/elderberry-and-elderflower-extracts-phenolic-compounds-and-metabolites-and-their-effect-on-complement-raw-264-7-macrophages-and-dendritic-cells
#19
Giang Thanh Thi Ho, Helle Wangensteen, Hilde Barsett
Modulation of complement activity and inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) production by macrophages and dendritic cells may have therapeutic value in inflammatory diseases. Elderberry and elderflower extracts, constituents, and metabolites were investigated for their effects on the complement system, and on NO production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 macrophages and murine dendritic D2SC/I cells. The EtOH crude extracts from elderberry and elderflower and the isolated anthocyanins and procyanidins possessed strong complement fixating activity and strong inhibitory activity on NO production in RAW cells and dendritic cells...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274120/differences-in-vvufgt-and-vvmyba1-gene-expression-levels-and-phenolic-composition-in-table-grape-vitis-vinifera-l-red-globe-and-its-somaclonal-variant-pink-globe
#20
Luis Bustamante, Vania Sáez, Patricio Hinrichsen, María H Castro, Carola Vergara, Dietrich von Baer, Claudia Mardones
A novel 'Red Globe' (RG)-derived grape variety, 'Pink Globe' (PG), was described and registered as a new genotype, with earlier ripening and sweeter taste than those of RG. Microsatellite analysis revealed that PG and RG are undifferentiable; however, the PG VvmybA1c contains six single-nucleotide polymorphisms within the coding and noncoding region, possibly related to the reduced VvmybA1 expression levels. Conversely, HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS analysis showed significantly lower anthocyanin content in PG skin than in RG skin, and PG had no detectable trihydroxylated anthocyanins...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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