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Li Lin, Wei Ming Wang, Xiao Xia Pan, Jing Xu, Chen Ni Gao, Wen Zhang, Hong Ren, Jing Yuan Xie, Pin Yan Shen, Yao Wen Xu, Li Yan Ni, Nan Chen
Anti-M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (anti-PLA2R) is a widely accepted biomarker for clinical idiopathic membranous neurophathy (IMN). However, its ability to differentiate between IMN and secondary MN (SMN) is controversial. The objective of this study was to assess clinical MN biomarkers in blood, tissue and urine samples from Chinese patients. In total, 195 MN patients and 70 patients with other glomerular diseases were prospectively enrolled in the study. Participants were followed up for average of 17 months (range 3-39 months)...
September 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Jin Lu, Hui Wang, Xiao-jun Huang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the efficacy and side effects of the combination regimen containing bortezomib, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone(BCD) in the treatment of primary systemic amyloidosis (PSA). METHODS: The clinical manifestation, efficacy and side effects of 22 PSA patients after treatment were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 22 PSA patients, 9 were newly diagnosed cases and 13 relapsed cases, 20(90.9%) had symptomatic cardiac involvement and 20 (90...
April 2013: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
P Slauf, P Bartoska, O Ryska, F Antos
The aim of the study was to assess functional results of surgical sphincter reconstructions for anal incontinence. From August 1999 to January 2007, 52 patients (females 50, males 2), 45 y.o.a. on average (24-69), underwent secondary anal sphincters reconstructions for fecal incontinence, resulting from birth injuries, event. in combination with sphincter weakening in pudendal neurophathy, or for post-anorectal surgery incontinence. Duration of the incontinence symptoms prior to the surgery was 2 months to 19 years...
August 2008: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
I Avivi, S Chakrabarti, P Kottaridis, C Kyriaku, A Dogan, D W Milligan, D Linch, A H Goldstone, S Mackinnon
We report the incidence, characteristics and outcome of neurological complications occurring following reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) in 85 patients who received a related/unrelated donor stem cell transplantation following therapy with alemtuzumab, fludarabine and melphalan. Six patients (probability 8.9%) developed severe neurological complications at a median of 151 days (24-334 days). Five of them presented with progressive peripheral sensori-motor radiculo-neuropathy and/or myelitis, preceded by one or more viral reactivation/infection...
July 2004: Bone Marrow Transplantation
Wei-ju Han, Rui Gu, Li-ming Yu, Jie-fu Zheng, Na Zhou, Ju-yang Cao, Li Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the pathogenisis of retrocochlear low frequency hearing loss. METHODS: Clinical and audiologic findings [auditory brainstem response (ABR), evoked otoacoustic emission (EOAE), et al] of 29 cases with retrocochlear low frequency hearing loss were studied. RESULTS: The head injury, acoustic neuroma, peripheral neurophathy, hereditary hear loss, multiple sclerosis and brainstem disease can cause retrocochlear low frequency hearing loss...
December 2003: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Ke za Zhi
Li Jianbo, Wang Chengya, Chen Jiawei, Li Xiaolu, Feng Zhenqing, Ma Hongtai
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) gene expression abnormality in neurotrophic causes of diabetic peripheral neurophathy. METHODS: Diabetes was induced in Sprague Dawley rats by alloxan. The parameters were measured as follows: IGF-1 mRNA by revere transcriptase-polymer chain reaction (RT-PCR); IGF-1 peptide by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); electrophysiological parameters of nerves by evoked electromyogram; morphometric evaluation of sciatic nerves under light microscope and transmission electron microscope...
December 2002: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
G Taveggia, L Selletti
AIM: The therapeutic effect of prostaglandin E1 in 26 diabetic patients with symptomatic and disabling neuropathy has been examined. Authoritative experiments in the literature describe the potential coexistence, in diabetic neuropathy, of vascular and metabolic deficiencies that may justify the use of vasodilators. METHODS: The biological effect of PGE1 seems to meet these requirements; it has in fact a multifactorial action mechanism, c-AMP mediated, selectively acting on the microvascular district improving the tissular perfusion and favouring an aerobic metabolism...
June 2003: Minerva Cardioangiologica
X Liang, L Cui, S Guo
OBJECTIVE: To verify the effect of Jinmaitong composita (JMTC) on red blood cell aldolase reductase activity (RBC-AR), RBC sorbitol (RBC-S) and nerve conductive velocity in diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DN). METHODS: Sixty-six patients with DN were divided randomly into two groups, 33 patients in treated group treated with JMTC and 33 cases in the control group treated with Jinkui Shenqi (JKSQ), RBC-AR, RBC-S and nerve transmission speed were observed before and after three months treatment...
September 1999: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
G Deretzi, S Pelidou, L Zou, C Quiding, E Mix, M Levi, B Wahren, J Zhu
Experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN) is a CD4+ T-cell-mediated demyelinating disease of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and serves as experimental model for human immune-demyelinating neurophathies, especially the Guillain-Barré syndrome. In this study, we examined the effect of recombinant rat interleukin-6 (rrIL-6) on chronic EAN in Lewis rats induced by immunization with P2 peptide 57-81 and Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA). Nasal administration of rat rIL-6 (1 microg/rat/day) beginning in the initial phase of EAN as a therapeutic agent, decreased the severity and the duration of clinical EAN...
May 1999: Immunology
N Miyamura, T Amemiya
Male WBN/Kob rats represent a spontaneously diabetic strain with hyperglycemia, cataracts, nephropathy, neurophathy, pancreatic fibrosis and hyperlipemia. Cataracts and retinal changes in WBN/Kob rats were examined by light and electron microscopy to evaluate the ocular complications. Lens opacity was present in the posterior subcapsular and center of the anterior cortex of male 14-month-old WBN/Kob rats. Light and transmission electron microscopy showed swelling and irregularity of lens fibers. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that lens fibers were irregular and had many granules and bulging processes of various sizes on the cortical side of the opacified region...
1998: Ophthalmic Research
L L Ilag, R Curtis, D Glass, H Funakoshi, N J Tobkes, T E Ryan, A Acheson, R M Lindsay, H Persson, G D Yancopoulos
Pan-neurotrophin 1 (PNT-1) is a synthetic trophic factor engineered by combining active domains of the neurotrophins nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) into an NT-3 backbone. This molecule was produced in transiently transfected COS cells or in baculovirus-infected insect cells transfected COS cells or in baculovirus-infected insect cells and subsequently purified to homogeneity. Saturation binding in embryonic spinal sensory neurons demonstrated a greater number of high-affinity binding sites for PNT-1 than for its parental molecule NT-3...
January 17, 1995: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
H Takeuchi, M Takahashi, J Kang, S Ueno, S Tarui, Y Nakao, T Otori
Clinical features including changes in the peripheral nerve conduction were analzyed in 10 cases with ethambutol neuropathy. There were abnormalities in the visual field in seven and optic atrophy in five of 10 cases. Seven of 10 cases complained of numbness in the lower limbs. The age of onset and dose of ethambutol the patients continue to take after the occurrence of visual impairment were found to be important in determining the severity of neurological symptoms. A functional disturbance was more conspicuous in ethambutol neuropathy, particularly in the sensory system than in the motor system so far as the peripheral nerve conduction was serially examined...
1980: Folia Psychiatrica et Neurologica Japonica
J F Lehmann, S M Condon, B J de Lateur, J C Smith
Gastrocnemius-soleus dysfunction is a frequent result of cauda equina lesions and peripheral neurophathies and of stroke and brain injury. Temporary tibial nerve paralysis constitutes a comparable laboratory condition which allows the controlled examination of aspects of these disabilities. The biomechanical effects of temporary tibial nerve paralysis in six normal young adult volunteers were examined to quantitatively define the gait abnormalities resulting from gastrocnemius-soleus paralysis and to provide a basis for the assessment of the effectiveness of different orthotic designs in restoring a normal gait pattern...
February 1985: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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