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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425969/the-pharmacological-effects-of-lutein-and-zeaxanthin-on-visual-disorders-and-cognition-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Yu-Ping Jia, Lei Sun, He-Shui Yu, Li-Peng Liang, Wei Li, Hui Ding, Xin-Bo Song, Li-Juan Zhang
Lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z) are dietary carotenoids derived from dark green leafy vegetables, orange and yellow fruits that form the macular pigment of the human eyes. It was hypothesized that they protect against visual disorders and cognition diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), age-related cataract (ARC), cognition diseases, ischemic/hypoxia induced retinopathy, light damage of the retina, retinitis pigmentosa, retinal detachment, uveitis and diabetic retinopathy. The mechanism by which they are involved in the prevention of eye diseases may be due their physical blue light filtration properties and local antioxidant activity...
April 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424788/fully-automated-robust-system-to-detect-retinal-edema-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-from-optical-coherence-tomography-images
#2
Samina Khalid, M Usman Akram, Taimur Hassan, Ammara Nasim, Amina Jameel
Maculopathy is the excessive damage to macula that leads to blindness. It mostly occurs due to retinal edema (RE), central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR), or age related macular degeneration (ARMD). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging is the latest eye testing technique that can detect these syndromes in early stages. Many researchers have used OCT images to detect retinal abnormalities. However, to the best of our knowledge, no research that presents a fully automated system to detect all of these macular syndromes is reported...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424619/retinal-and-circulating-mirnas-in-age-related-macular-degeneration-an-in-vivo-animal-and-human-study
#3
Giovanni L Romano, Chiara B M Platania, Filippo Drago, Salvatore Salomone, Marco Ragusa, Cristina Barbagallo, Cinzia Di Pietro, Michele Purrello, Michele Reibaldi, Teresio Avitabile, Antonio Longo, Claudio Bucolo
Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness among people aged 50 and over. Retinal deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) aggregates in AMD patients has suggested a potential link between AMD and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have evaluated the differential retinal expression profile of miRNAs in a rat model of AMD elicited by Aβ. A serum profile of miRNAs in AMD patients has been also assessed using single TaqMan assay. Analysis of retina from rats intravitreally injected with Aβ revealed that miR-27a, miR-146a, and miR-155 were up-regulated in comparison to control rats...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419398/pre-existing-rpe-atrophy-and-defects-in-the-external-limiting-membrane-predict-early-poor-visual-response-to-ranibizumab-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#4
Souska Zandi, Florian Weisskopf, Justus G Garweg, Isabel B Pfister, Christian Pruente, Florian Sutter, Katja Hatz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the rate of early visual acuity poor responders in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) after the first intravitreal injection of ranibizumab (Lucentis; Genentech, South San Francisco, CA) and to determine potential predictors for early response. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with choroidal neovascularization secondary to AMD were evaluated before and 1 month after their first ranibizumab treatment...
April 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419397/influence-of-retinal-pathology-on-the-reliability-of-macular-thickness-measurement-a-comparison-between-optical-coherence-tomography-devices
#5
Bobak Bahrami, Shaun Y P Ewe, Thomas Hong, Meidong Zhu, Germane Ong, Kehui Luo, Andrew Chang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the repeatability, reliability, and comparability of macular thickness measurements between three optical coherence tomography (OCT) machines in healthy eyes, eyes with diabetic macular edema (DME), and eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three eyes with DME, 26 eyes with nAMD, and 24 healthy eyes as controls were evaluated. Scans were performed using the swept-source Triton (Topcon, Tokyo, Japan), the spectral-domain Cirrus (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA), and the Spectralis (Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) machines...
April 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419396/correlation-between-mesopic-retinal-sensitivity-and-optical-coherence-tomographic-metrics-of-the-outer-retina-in-patients-with-non-atrophic-dry-age-related-macular-degeneration
#6
Tudor C Tepelus, Amir H Hariri, Mayss Al-Sheikh, SriniVas R Sadda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between mesopic retinal sensitivity and optical coherence tomographic metrics of the outer retina in patients with intermediate age-related macular degeneration (AMD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants with nonatrophic dry AMD underwent mesopic MP-3 microperimetry (Nidek, Padova, Italy) and both Nidek and Cirrus (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). The volume of the outer retinal layers was measured on the Nidek SD-OCT scans using the automatic segmentation algorithm of Navis-EX software...
April 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399772/nurse-led-ranibizumab-intravitreal-injections-in-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-literature-review
#7
Emma Gregg
Aim The aim of this literature review was to explore the development of the role of specialist ophthalmic nurses in delivering ranibizumab intravitreal injections to patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and to evaluate their contribution to reducing capacity pressures in medical retina services, while maintaining safe and effective standards of care. Method A systematic literature search was undertaken to identify relevant articles published between January 2000 and June 2015. A search of electronic databases was undertaken, and selected relevant journals were searched manually...
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386079/multimodal-regulation-orchestrates-normal-and-complex-disease-states-in-the-retina
#8
A M Olivares, A S Jelcick, J Reinecke, B Leehy, A Haider, M A Morrison, L Cheng, D F Chen, M M DeAngelis, N B Haider
Regulation of biological processes occurs through complex, synergistic mechanisms. In this study, we discovered the synergistic orchestration of multiple mechanisms regulating the normal and diseased state (age related macular degeneration, AMD) in the retina. We uncovered gene networks with overlapping feedback loops that are modulated by nuclear hormone receptors (NHR), miRNAs, and epigenetic factors. We utilized a comprehensive filtering and pathway analysis strategy comparing miRNA and microarray data between three mouse models and human donor eyes (normal and AMD)...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377586/systemic-frequencies-of-t-helper-1-and-t-helper-17-cells-in-patients-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-case-control-study
#9
Amardeep Singh, Yousif Subhi, Marie Krogh Nielsen, Mads Krüger Falk, Sara Maj Hyldig Matzen, Finn Sellebjerg, Torben Lykke Sørensen
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a degenerative disease of the retina and a leading cause of irreversible vision loss. We investigated the systemic differences in the frequency of T helper (Th) 1 and Th17 cells in patients with non-exudative and exudative AMD and compared to age-matched controls. Flow cytometry was used to determine the systemic frequency of Th1 (CD4(+)CXCR3(+)IL12RB2(+)) and Th17 (CD4(+)CCR6(+)IL23R(+)) cells, and percentage of CD4(+) T-cells expressing CXCR3, IL12RB2, CCR6, IL23R, and co-expressing CXCR3 and CCR6...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373097/sema3f-protects-against-subretinal-neovascularization-in-vivo
#10
Ye Sun, Raffael Liegl, Yan Gong, Anima Bühler, Bertan Cakir, Steven S Meng, Samuel B Burnim, Chi-Hsiu Liu, Tristan Reuer, Peipei Zhang, Johanna M Walz, Franziska Ludwig, Clemens Lange, Hansjürgen Agostini, Daniel Böhringer, Günther Schlunck, Lois E H Smith, Andreas Stahl
Pathological neovascularization of the outer retina is the hallmark of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). Building on our previous observations that semaphorin 3F (Sema3f) is expressed in the outer retina and demonstrates anti-angiogenic potential, we have investigated whether Sema3f can be used to protect against subretinal neovascularization in two mouse models. Both in the very low-density lipid-receptor knockout (Vldlr(-/-)) model of spontaneous subretinal neovascularization as well as in the mouse model of laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV), we found protective effects of Sema3f against the formation of pathologic neovascularization...
March 21, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367511/potential-protective-function-of-the-sterol-regulatory-element-binding-factor-1-fatty-acid-desaturase-1-2-axis-in-early-stage-age-related-macular-degeneration
#11
Yoshifumi Ashikawa, Yuhei Nishimura, Shiko Okabe, Yumi Sato, Mizuki Yuge, Tomoko Tada, Haruka Miyao, Soichiro Murakami, Koki Kawaguchi, Shota Sasagawa, Yasuhito Shimada, Toshio Tanaka
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of vision loss in elderly individuals throughout the developed world. Inhibitors of vascular endothelial growth factor have been successfully used to treat choroidal neovascularization in late-stage AMD. The pathogenesis of early-stage AMD, however, remains largely unknown, impairing efforts to develop effective therapies that prevent progression to late-stage AMD. To address this, we performed comparative transcriptomics of macular and extramacular retinal pigmented epithelium-choroid (RPE-choroid) tissue from early-stage AMD patients...
March 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351686/dna-damage-response-and-autophagy-in-the-degeneration-of-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells-implications-for-age-related-macular-degeneration-amd
#12
REVIEW
Juha M T Hyttinen, Janusz Błasiak, Minna Niittykoski, Kati Kinnunen, Anu Kauppinen, Antero Salminen, Kai Kaarniranta
In this review we will discuss the links between autophagy, a mechanism involved in the maintenance of cellular homeostasis and controlling cellular waste management, and the DNA damage response (DDR), comprising various mechanisms preserving the integrity and stability of the genome. A reduced autophagy capacity in retinal pigment epithelium has been shown to be connected in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), an eye disease. This degenerative disease is a major and increasing cause of vision loss in the elderly in developed countries, primarily due to the profound accumulation of intra- and extracellular waste: lipofuscin and drusen...
March 27, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351499/retina-tissue-engineering-by-conjunctiva-mesenchymal-stem-cells-encapsulated-in-fibrin-gel-hypotheses-on-novel-approach-to-retinal-diseases-treatment
#13
Mostafa Soleimannejad, Somayeh Ebrahimi-Barough, Samad Nadri, Mohammad Riazi-Esfahani, Masoud Soleimani, Seyed Mohammad Tavangar, Jafar Ai
BACKGROUND: Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and age related macular degeneration (AMD) are two retinal diseases that progress by photoreceptor cells death. In retinal transplantation studies, stem and progenitor cells inject into the sub retinal space or vitreous and then these cells can be migrate to the site of retinal degeneration and locate in the host retina and restitute vision. PRESENTATION OF THE HYPOTHESIS: Our hypothesis suggests that using human conjunctiva stem cells (as the source for increasing the number of human stem cells progenitor cells in retina dysfunction diseases) with fibrin gel and also assessing its relating in vitro (cellular and molecular processes) and in vivo (vision tests and pathology) could be a promising strategy for treatment of AMD and RP disorders...
April 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351049/macular-edema-of-choroidal-origin
#14
Gisèle Soubrane
Macular edema is most often clinically defined as an accumulation of serous fluid within the neurosensory retina with increased thickness of the central retina. In exudative age-related macular degeneration the leakage of fluid from the choroidal new vessels may be the origin of macular edema. Their abnormal permeability and the inflammatory reaction are mechanisms involved in this accumulation of fluid, which occurs in all layers. Cystoid macular edema is more often associated with subepithelial occult choroidal neovascularization (CNV) than it is with pre-epithelial classic CNV...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345128/rs9-a-novel-nrf2-activator-attenuates-light-induced-death-of-cells-of-photoreceptor-cells-and-m%C3%A3-ller-glia-cells
#15
Yuki Inoue, Masamitsu Shimazawa, Yasuhiro Noda, Ryota Nagano, Tomohiro Otsuka, Yoshiki Kuse, Yukimichi Nakano, Kazuhiro Tsuruma, Yasuhiro Nakagami, Hideaki Hara
The retina is highly sensitive to oxidative stress because of its high consumption of oxygen associated with the phototransductional processes. Recent findings have suggested that oxidative stress is involved in the pathology of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a progressive degeneration of the central retina. A well-known environmental risk factor is light exposure, as excessive and continuous light exposure can damage photoreceptors. Nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcriptional factor that controls antioxidative responses and phase 2 enzymes...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343170/mirnas-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-snps-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-amd
#16
REVIEW
John Paul SanGiovanni, Peter M SanGiovanni, Przemysław Sapieha, Vincent De Guire
Advanced age-related macular degeneration (AAMD) is a complex sight-threating disease of public health significance. Micro RNAs (miRNAs) have been proposed as biomarkers for AAMD. The presence of certain single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may influence the explanatory value of these biomarkers. Here we present findings from an integrated approach used to determine whether AAMD-associated SNPs have the capacity to influence miRNA-mRNA pairing and, if so, to what extent such pairing may be manifested in a discrete AAMD transcriptome...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336272/apigenin-7-diglucuronide-protects-retinas-against-bright-light-induced-photoreceptor-degeneration-through-the-inhibition-of-retinal-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation
#17
Minjuan Bian, Yong Zhang, Xiaoye Du, Jing Xu, Jingang Cui, Jiangping Gu, Weiliang Zhu, Teng Zhang, Yu Chen
Vision impairment in retinal degenerative diseases such as age-related macular degeneration is primarily associated with photoreceptor degeneration, in which oxidative stress and inflammatory responses are mechanistically involved as central players. Therapies with photoreceptor protective properties remain to be developed. Apigenin-7-diglucuronide (A7DG), a flavonoid glycoside, is present in an assortment of medicinal plants with anti-inflammatory or ant-oxidant activities. However, the pharmacological significance of A7DG remains unknown in vivo...
March 20, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336262/increased-susceptibility-to-fundus-camera-delivered-light-induced-retinal-degeneration-in-mice-deficient-in-oxidative-stress-response-proteins
#18
Yi Ding, Bogale Aredo, Xin Zhong, Cynthia X Zhao, Rafael L Ufret-Vincenty
Oxidative stress is an important contributor to the pathogenesis of many retinal diseases including age-related macular degeneration and retinal dystrophies. Light-induced retinal degeneration (LIRD) can serve as a model in which to study the response of the retina to stress. Of note, many genetic mutant mice are in a C57BL/6 J background and are thus resistant to the usual LIRD models. We recently developed a new model of fundus camera-delivered light-induced retinal degeneration (FCD-LIRD) which is effective in strains of mice expressing the light-resistant variant of RPE65 (450Met), including C57BL/6 J...
March 20, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324113/microrna-expression-patterns-involved-in-amyloid-beta-induced-retinal-degeneration
#19
Peirong Huang, Junran Sun, Fenghua Wang, Xueting Luo, Jingyang Feng, Qing Gu, Te Liu, Xiaodong Sun
Purpose: Dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is characterized by the accumulation of drusen under Bruch's membrane, and amyloid beta (Aβ) is speculated to be one of the key pathologic factors. While the detrimental effects of Aβ on retinas have been widely explored, Aβ-induced epigenetic regulatory changes have yet to be fully investigated. We therefore aimed to identify the microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles in an Aβ-induced mouse model of retinal degeneration. Methods: C57BL/6 mice were intravitreally injected with Aβ1-40 or PBS and the eye tissues were collected for hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, apoptosis immunofluorescence staining, and miRNA profiling...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315667/hif-signalling-the-eyes-have-it
#20
D J Peet, T Kittipassorn, J P Wood, G Chidlow, R J Casson
The hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs) promote changes in gene expression in response to hypoxia, and mediate key physiological responses such as angiogenesis. They play important roles in development and normal physiology, as well as in ischaemic and other pathologies. The human eye is a complex organ, with tight regulation of vascularisation and oxygen delivery, with the highly specialised retina containing both highly vascularised and avascular regions. This review, written to honour the significant contribution of Lorenz Poellinger to this field, covers the role of the HIFs in normal development of the eye, specifically the vasculature, as well as their roles in numerous retinal pathologies, including ischaemic retinopathies, and age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
March 16, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
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