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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329118/ce-managing-sepsis-and-septic-shock-current-guidelines-and-definitions
#1
Mary Beth Flynn Makic, Elizabeth Bridges
Recent updates emphasize early recognition and prompt intervention. ABSTRACT: Sepsis is a leading cause of critical illness and hospital mortality. Early recognition and intervention are essential for the survival of patients with this syndrome. In 2002, the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) launched the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) to reduce overall patient morbidity and mortality from sepsis and septic shock by driving practice initiatives based on current best evidence...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324559/nurse-experiences-of-medication-administration-to-people-with-swallowing-difficulties-living-in-aged-care-facilities-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#2
Aida Sefidani Forough, Simon Y M Wong, Esther T L Lau, Jose Manuel Serrano Santos, Greg J Kyle, Kathryn J Steadman, Julie A Y Cichero, Lisa M Nissen
OBJECTIVE: To identify nurses' experiences of administering oral medications to residents of aged care facilities (ACFs) with swallowing difficulties. INTRODUCTION: Administering medicines to older people with swallowing difficulties is a challenging task. Nurses frequently modify oral medications e.g. by crushing/splitting tablets or opening capsules, to facilitate the administration process. These practices are associated with an increased risk of medication administration errors...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321688/changes-in-nutritional-care-after-implementing-national-guidelines-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#3
Siv Hilde Fjeldstad, Lene Thoresen, Morten Mowé, Øivind Irtun
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In 2004, a survey conducted in Scandinavia documented insufficient knowledge in nutrition care among doctors and nurses. The survey also revealed a significant discrepancy in nutritional practice, where Norway ranked lowest, thus leading to several actions including elaboration of national guidelines. The aim of this study was to evaluate potential changes in nutritional practice, as well as assessing barriers to nutrition therapy, 10 years after the former study...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303838/experiences-related-to-urinary-incontinence-of-stroke-patients-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#4
Gulcihan Arkan, Ayse Beser, Vesile Ozturk
INTRODUCTION: Poststroke urinary incontinence is a common problem, with a prevalence ranging from 32% to 79%. Urinary incontinence after stroke has negative physiological, psychological, and economic effects, which lead to lifestyle changes for both patients and caregivers. Nurses play an important role in preventing and improving incontinence, understanding the experiences of individuals experiencing incontinence, providing healthcare for them, and implementing behavioral therapy methods...
February 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288498/enhanced-early-warning-system-impact-on-nursing-practice-a-phenomenological-study
#5
Kathleen A Burns, Tracey Reber, Karen Theodore, Brenda Welch, Debra Roy, Sandra L Siedlecki
AIM: To determine how an enhanced early warning system has an impact on nursing practice. BACKGROUND: Early warning systems score physiologic measures and alert nurses to subtle changes in patient condition. Critics of early warning systems have expressed concern that nurses would rely on a score rather than assessment skills and critical thinking to determine the need for intervention. Enhancing early warning systems with innovative technology is still in its infancy so the impact of an enhanced early warning system on nursing behaviors or practice has not yet been studied...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274837/dedicated-operating-room-teams-and-clinical-outcomes-in-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-pathway-for-colorectal-surgery
#6
Michael C Grant, Andrew Hanna, Andrew Benson, Deborah Hobson, Christopher L Wu, Christina T Yuan, Michael Rosen, Elizabeth C Wick
INTRODUCTION: To determine if the establishment of a dedicated operating room team leads to improved process measure compliance and clinical outcomes in an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS). ERAS programs involve the application of bundled best-practices to improve value of the perioperative care. Successful implementation and sustainment of ERAS programs has been linked to compliance with protocol elements. METHODS: Development of dedicated teams of anesthesia providers was a component of the ERAS implementation...
December 21, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246186/-when-a-woman-is-pregnant-her-grave-is-open-health-beliefs-concerning-dietary-practices-among-pregnant-kalenjin-women-in-rural-uasin-gishu-county-kenya
#7
Roselyter Monchari Riang'a, Anne Kisaka Nangulu, Jacqueline E W Broerse
BACKGROUND: Reducing malnutrition remains a major global challenge especially in low- and middle-income countries. Lack of knowledge on the motive of nutritional behaviour could ultimately cripple nutrition intervention outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate how health beliefs influence nutritional behaviour intention of the pregnant Kalenjin women of rural Uasin Gishu County in Kenya. The study findings provide useful information for culturally congruent nutrition counselling and intervention...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219901/shifting-the-paradigm-educating-nurse-administrators-to-be-full-partners
#8
Teddie Potter
In this month's CGEAN column, leaders discuss the current complexities of healthcare requiring nurses to practice competently in interprofessional partnerships. Nurse administrators and executives play a key role in leading culture change so the benefits of full partnership are realized.
January 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217722/successfully-implementing-and-embedding-guidelines-to-improve-the-nutrition-and-growth-of-preterm-infants-in-neonatal-intensive-care-a-prospective-interventional-study
#9
Mark J Johnson, Alison A Leaf, Freya Pearson, Howard W Clark, Borislav D Dimitrov, Catherine Pope, Carl R May
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to improve the nutritional care of preterm infants by developing a complex (multifaceted) intervention intended to translate current evidence into practice. We used the sociological framework of Normalization Process Theory (NPT), to guide implementation in order to embed the new practices into routine care. DESIGN: A prospective interventional study with a before and after methodology. PARTICIPANTS: Infants <30 weeks gestation or <1500 g at birth...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204103/single-mothering-as-experienced-by-burundian-refugees-in-australia-a-qualitative-inquiry
#10
Lily P Tsai, Jennieffer A Barr, Anthony Welch
Background: Refugee mothers have fled from their homeland to escape persecutions with their children only to find other threats to their well-being in the new country. Building on previous research, it is known that being a new immigrant is challenging and requires adaptation. The adaptation process, known as acculturation, may not be successful leading to psychological distress. It is also known that a generation gap can occur when children acculturate faster than their parents. What was lacking was understanding about the experiences of single refugee mothers...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193041/early-nurse-attrition-in-new-zealand-and-associated-policy-implications
#11
L Walker, J Clendon
AIM: To examine the factors contributing to nurses choosing to exit the nursing profession before retirement age. BACKGROUND: Population growth, ageing and growing demand for health services mean increased demand for nurses. Better retention could help meet this demand, yet little work has been done in New Zealand to understand early attrition. METHODS: An online survey of registered and enrolled nurses and nurse practitioners who had left nursing was used...
November 28, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190418/interventions-to-change-the-behaviour-of-health-professionals-and-the-organisation-of-care-to-promote-weight-reduction-in-children-and-adults-with-overweight-or-obesity
#12
REVIEW
Gerd Flodgren, Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Carolyn D Summerbell
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing globally, an increase which has major implications for both population health and costs to health services. This is an update of a Cochrane Review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of strategies to change the behaviour of health professionals or the organisation of care compared to standard care, to promote weight reduction in children and adults with overweight or obesity. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases for primary studies up to September 2016: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, DARE and PsycINFO...
November 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180548/primary-care-providers-perspectives-on-errors-of-omission
#13
Lusine Poghosyan, Allison A Norful, Elaine Fleck, Jean-Marie Bruzzese, AkkeNeel Talsma, Angela Nannini
BACKGROUND: Despite recent focus on patient safety in primary care, little attention has been paid to errors of omission, which represent significant gaps in care and threaten patient safety in primary care but are not well studied or categorized. The purpose of this study was to develop a typology of errors of omission from the perspectives of primary care providers (PCPs) and understand what factors within practices lead to or prevent these omissions. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design was used to collect data from 26 PCPs, both physicians and nurse practitioners, from the New York State through individual interviews...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172885/what-influences-palliative-care-nurses-in-their-choice-to-engage-in-or-decline-clinical-supervision
#14
Nick Puffett, Paul Perkins
BACKGROUND: Clinical supervision (CS) has been around since the early 1990s in the UK and has been endorsed by government and professional bodies. Levels of engagement range from 18% to 85%. AIM: To investigate what influences palliative care nurses in their choice to engage in or decline clinical supervision. METHOD: A qualitative study was undertaken in an inpatient hospice in England and employed two focus groups to compare the views of participants and non-participants in CS...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153550/why-a-disaster-is-not-just-normal-business-ramped-up-disaster-response-among-ed-nurses
#15
Karen S Hammad, Paul Arbon, Kristine Gebbie, Alison Hutton
BACKGROUND: The emergency department (ED) is a familiar place for the emergency nurse who spends their working days inside it. A disaster threatens that familiarity and creates changes that make working in the ED during a disaster response different from the everyday experience of working in the ED. METHODS: This research reports on an aspect of the findings from a larger study about the experience of working as a nurse in the ED during a disaster response. Thirteen nurses from 8 different countries were interviewed about their experience...
November 15, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141653/test-of-a-workforce-development-intervention-to-expand-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-pharmacotherapy-prescribers-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#16
Todd Molfenter, Hannah K Knudsen, Randy Brown, Nora Jacobson, Julie Horst, Mark Van Etten, Jee-Seon Kim, Eric Haram, Elizabeth Collier, Sanford Starr, Alexander Toy, Lynn Madden
BACKGROUND: Overdoses due to non-medical use of prescription opioids and other opiates have become the leading cause of accidental deaths in the USA. Buprenorphine and extended-release naltrexone are key evidence-based pharmacotherapies available to addiction treatment providers to address opioid use disorder (OUD) and prevent overdose deaths. Treatment organizations' efforts to provide these pharmacotherapies have, however, been stymied by limited success in recruiting providers (physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants) to prescribe these medications...
November 15, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135755/management-of-skin-toxicity-caused-by-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-inhibitors-an-evidence-based-implementation-project
#17
Xiaolu Guo, Micah D J Peters, Zhenqi Lu
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors (EGFRIs) bind to and inhibit epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) in cancer cells, slowing/preventing tumor growth. As a type of "targeted therapy", they have demonstrated therapeutic effects on solid tumors including colorectal, lung, and head and neck cancers. While effective, various skin reactions are associated with EGFRI therapy which can lead to dose modification or discontinuation as well as discomfort, pain and reduced quality of life...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119812/the-nursing-assessment-of-infants-with-bronchiolitis
#18
Clare Davies, Donna Waters, Andrea Marshall
Bronchiolitis is the leading cause of morbidity and hospitalization in infants under the age of one year. Supportive treatments and regular assessment remain the mainstay of care for infants admitted to hospital. Nurses play an important role in the assessment of infants with bronchiolitis; however, this is not well described in the literature and consequently little is known about what strategies nurses employ in assessing infants with bronchiolitis. The aim of this study was to explore bronchiolitis assessment in the context of nursing practice...
June 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118100/-difficult-conversations-evaluation-of-multiprofessional-training
#19
Lisa Jane Brighton, Lucy Ellen Selman, Nicholas Gough, J J Nadicksbernd, Katherine Bristowe, Catherine Millington-Sanders, Jonathan Koffman
OBJECTIVES: Evidence-based communication skills training for health and social care professionals is essential to improve the care of seriously ill patients and their families. We aimed to evaluate the self-reported impact of 'Difficult Conversations', a multidisciplinary half-day interactive workshop, and gain feedback to inform future development and evaluation. METHODS: Service evaluation using questionnaire data collected before and immediately after workshops from February 2015 to August 2016 regarding participant self-assessed confidence, knowledge and skills...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111826/integration-of-systematic-clinical-interprofessional-training-in-a-student-faculty-collaborative-primary-care-practice
#20
Amy R Weinstein, Maria C Dolce, Megan Koster, Ravi Parikh, Emily Hamlyn, Elizabeth A McNamara, Alexa Carlson, Margarita V DiVall
The changing healthcare environment and movement toward team-based care are contemporary challenges confronting health professional education. The primary care workforce must be prepared with recent national interprofessional competencies to practice and lead in this changing environment. From 2012 to 2014, the weekly Beth Israel Deaconess Crimson Care Collaborative Student-Faculty Practice collaborated with Northeastern University to develop, implement and evaluate an innovative model that incorporated interprofessional education into primary care practice with the goal of improving student understanding of, and ability to deliver quality, team-based care...
January 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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