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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755018/ambulatory-colonoscopy-under-sedoanalgesia-in-adult-patients-with-and-without-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-prospective-cross-sectional-and-double-blind-comparison
#1
Bahattin Tuncalı, Coşkun Araz, Arzu Çelebi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is unclear whether patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) require a high dose of sedatives during colonoscopy. In this study, we investigated the pre-procedural anxiety levels, sedative consumption, procedure times, complications, and patient's satisfaction between patients with IBS and controls for ambulatory colonoscopy under sedation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rome III criteria were used in the diagnosis of IBS. Anxiety levels were measured using Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)...
May 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714460/factors-associated-with-social-anxiety-disorder-in-a-group-of-obese-turkish-female-patients
#2
Akatlı Kürşad Özşahin, Ebru Altıntaş
Background/aim: Mental disorders may accompany obesity. This study aims to evaluate the association between social anxiety disorder (SAD) and obesity and the risk factors for SAD in obese female patients. Materials and methods: A total of 114 obese patients and 110 healthy controls were included. The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI I-II), and Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) were administered to assess anxiety, depression, and social anxiety levels...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692741/impulsive-internet-game-play-is-associated-with-increased-functional-connectivity-between-the-default-mode-and-salience-networks-in-depressed-patients-with-short-allele-of-serotonin-transporter-gene
#3
Ji Sun Hong, Sun Mi Kim, Sujin Bae, Doug Hyun Han
Problematic Internet game play is often accompanied by major depressive disorder (MDD). Depression seems to be closely related to altered functional connectivity (FC) within (and between) the default mode network (DMN) and salience network. In addition, serotonergic neurotransmission may regulate the symptoms of depression, including impulsivity, potentially by modulating the DMN. We hypothesized that altered connectivity between the DMN and salience network could mediate an association between the 5HTTLPR genotype and impulsivity in patients with depression...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663848/evaluation-of-the-association-between-sexual-dysfunction-and-demyelinating-plaque-location-and-number-in-female-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#4
Volkan Solmaz, Hatice Kose Ozlece, Aydın Him, Ayfer Güneş, Christian Cordano, Durdane Aksoy, Yahya Çelik
Purpose To investigate the frequency of sexual dysfunction (SD) in female multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and to explore its association with the location and number of demyelinating lesions. Material and Methods We evaluated 42 female patients and 41 healthy subjects. All patients underwent neurological examination and 1.5 T brain and full spinal MRI. All subjects completed the female sexual function index (FSFI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Short-Form 36 Quality of Life Scale (SF-36)...
April 17, 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657693/the-effects-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-on-man-smokers-comorbid-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-and-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Mohammadreza Davoudi, Abdollah Omidi, Mojtaba Sehat, Zahra Sepehrmanesh
Background: Besides physical problems, cigarette smoking is associated with a high prevalence of comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms. One of the reasons behind high post-cessation smoking lapse and relapse rates is inattentiveness to these symptoms during the process of cessation. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on male smokers' comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms and smoking cessation. Methods: This two-group pre-test-post-test randomized controlled trial was done on a random sample of seventy male smokers...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651821/exploratory-factor-analysis-of-the-beck-anxiety-inventory-and-the-beck-depression-inventory-ii-in-a-psychiatric-outpatient-population
#6
Kounseok Lee, Daeho Kim, Yongrae Cho
BACKGROUND: To further understand the relationship between anxiety and depression, this study examined the factor structure of the combined items from two validated measures for anxiety and depression. METHODS: The participants were 406 patients with mixed psychiatric diagnoses including anxiety and depressive disorders from a psychiatric outpatient unit at a university-affiliated medical center. Responses of the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)-II, and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) were analyzed...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648907/impact-of-coping-strategies-on-quality-of-life-of-adolescents-and-young-women-with-endometriosis
#7
Angélica M González-Echevarría, Ernesto Rosario, Summer Acevedo, Idhaliz Flores
PURPOSE: Endometriosis is a hormone-dependent, inflammatory, painful condition affecting 1 in 10 women during their reproductive years. The symptoms of endometriosis-dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, infertility-negatively impact the quality of life (QoL) of the affected women. Few studies have been conducted on mental health and QoL impact in a younger endometriosis patient population (adolescents and young women). This study quantitative, cross-sectional study was designed to address this gap by ascertaining whether coping strategies may impact the QoL of this patient population...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629280/effectiveness-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-mindfulness-in-end-stage-renal-disease-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Bo Kyung Sohn, Yun Kyu Oh, Jung-Seok Choi, Jiyoun Song, Ahyoung Lim, Jung Pyo Lee, Jung Nam An, Hee-Jeong Choi, Jae Yeon Hwang, Hee-Yeon Jung, Jun-Young Lee, Chun Soo Lim
Background: Many patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis (HD) experience depression. Depression influences patient quality of life (QOL), dialysis compliance, and medical comorbidity. We developed and applied a group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program including mindfulness meditation for ESRD patients undergoing HD, and measured changes in QOL, mood, anxiety, perceived stress, and biochemical markers. Methods: We conducted group CBT over a 12-week period with seven ESRD patients undergoing HD and suffering from depression...
March 2018: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599979/the-phenotype-psychotype-and-genotype-of-bruxism
#9
Norma Cruz-Fierro, Margarita Martínez-Fierro, Ricardo M Cerda-Flores, Mayra A Gómez-Govea, Iván Delgado-Enciso, Laura E Martínez-De-Villarreal, Mónica T González-Ramírez, Irám Pablo Rodríguez-Sánchez
Bruxism is a jaw muscle activity that involves physio-pathological, psycho-social, hereditary and genetic factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the associations between self-reported bruxism, anxiety, and neuroticism personality trait with the rs6313 polymorphism in the gene HTR2A . A sample of 171 subjects of both sexes (14-53 years of age) was included. The control group (group 1, n=60) exhibited no signs or symptoms of bruxism. The case group had signs and symptoms of bruxism (n=112) and was subdivided into group 2, bruxism during sleep (n=22); group 3, awake bruxism (n=44); and group 4 combined bruxism (n=46)...
March 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573755/psychometric-properties-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-panic-disorder-severity-scale
#10
Gideoni Fuste, María Ángeles Gil, Clara López-Solà, Silvia Rosado, Albert Bonillo, Guillem Pailhez, Antoni Bulbena, Víctor Pérez, Miguel A Fullana
The Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) is a well-established measure of panic symptoms but few data exist on this instrument in non north-American samples. Our main goal was to assess the psychometric properties (internal consistency, test re-test reliability, inter-rater reliability, convergent and divergent validity) and the factor structure of the Spanish version. Ninety-four patients with a main diagnosis of panic disorder were assessed with the Spanish version of PDSS, the Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3), the Panic and Agoraphobia Scale (PAS), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) the PDSS self-rating form and the Clinical Global Impression-Severity scale (CGI)...
March 25, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546863/depression-and-suicidality-during-pregnancy
#11
Štefica Mikšić, Maja Miškulin, Brankica Juranić, Željko Rakošec, Aleksandar Včev, Dunja Degmečić
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women experience a set of biological and psychological disturbances. The aim of this study was to assess the appearance of depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts in pregnant women during the third trimester of pregnancy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 110 pregnant women were included in the study. All of them filled out an anonymous questionnaire about sociodemographic data, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515644/effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-anxiety-symptoms-and-cortical-activity-in-patients-with-panic-disorder-a-pilot-study
#12
Eduardo Lattari, Henning Budde, Flávia Paes, Geraldo Albuquerque Maranhão Neto, José Carlos Appolinario, Antônio Egídio Nardi, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Sérgio Machado
Background: The effects of the aerobic exercise on anxiety symptoms in patients with Panic Disorder (PD) remain unclear. Thus, the investigation of possible changes in EEG frontal asymmetry could contribute to understand the relationship among exercise, brain and anxiety. Objective: To investigate the acute effects of aerobic exercise on the symptoms of anxiety and the chronic effects of aerobic exercise on severity and symptoms related to PD, besides the changes in EEG frontal asymmetry...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463164/apolipoprotein-e-apoe-%C3%AE%C2%B54-genotype-is-associated-with-elevated-psychiatric-distress-in-veterans-with-a-history-of-mild-to-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Victoria C Merritt, Alexandra L Clark, Scott F Sorg, Nicole D Evangelista, Madeleine Werhane, Mark W Bondi, Dawn M Schiehser, Lisa Delano-Wood
Since few studies have examined the relationship between the APOE gene and clinical outcomes following military-related traumatic brain injury (TBI), we aimed to determine whether the ε4 allele of the APOE gene influences neuropsychiatric symptoms in Veterans with a history of mild to moderate TBI. Participants included 133 Veterans (TBI=79, military controls [MC]=54) who underwent APOE genotyping and were divided into ε4+ (TBI=18, MC=15) and ε4- (TBI=61, MC=39) groups. All participants underwent evaluation of psychological distress using the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and PTSD Checklist-Military Version (PCL-M)...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460659/video-assisted-patient-education-improves-compliance-with-follow-up-and-depression-scores-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#14
Nagesh Kamat, Surulivel Rajan Mallayasamy, P S V N Sharma, Asha Kamath, C Ganesh Pai
OBJECTIVES: Patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) have to deal with a poor quality of life (QOL) and psychomorbidity resulting from an incurable illness. We aimed to study the effect of patient education on QOL, compliance, anxiety and depression in IBD. METHODS: Patients were prospectively enrolled over two years beginning July 2014 and divided into an interventional and usual care group. Both received the standard of care, but the former in addition received an 8 min session of video-assisted education...
April 2018: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416340/self-stigma-and-treatment-effectiveness-in-patients-with-anxiety-disorders-a-mediation-analysis
#15
Marie Ociskova, Jan Prasko, Kristyna Vrbova, Petra Kasalova, Michaela Holubova, Ales Grambal, Klara Machu
Goal: The goal of this study was to explore the impact of self-stigma on the treatment outcomes in patients with anxiety disorders and to find possible mediators of this relationship. Method: Two hundred and nine patients with anxiety disorders, who were hospitalized in a psychotherapeutic department, attended the study. The average age was 39.2±12.4 years; two-thirds were women. Most of the patients used a long-term medication. The participants underwent either cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or short psychodynamic therapy...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414540/psychiatric-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-epilepsy-and-their-mothers
#16
Ayhan Bilgiç, Ümit Işık, Rukiye Sivri Çolak, Hatice Derin, Hüseyin Çaksen
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the psychiatric symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children with epilepsy and psychiatric symptoms of their mothers, and compared them to those of healthy children and their mothers. This study also explored the influence of the child-related and maternal psychiatric variables and seizure-specific factors on the HRQLs of children with epilepsy according to both the children's and parents' perspectives. METHOD: Ninety-nine children with epilepsy (8 to 17years old), their mothers, and a control group (n=51) participated in this study...
March 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412335/art-therapy-as-an-adjuvant-treatment-for-depression-in-elderly-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Eliana C Ciasca, Rita C Ferreira, Carmen L A Santana, Orestes V Forlenza, Glenda D Dos Santos, Paula S Brum, Paula V Nunes
OBJECTIVE: There are few quantitative studies on art therapy for the treatment of depression. The objective of this study was to evaluate if art therapy is beneficial as an adjuvant treatment for depression in the elderly. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, single-blind study was carried out in a sample of elderly women with major depressive disorder (MDD) stable on pharmacotherapy. The experimental group (EG) was assigned to 20 weekly art therapy sessions (90 min/session)...
February 1, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395871/clinically-significant-personality-traits-in-individuals-at-high-risk-of-developing-psychosis
#18
Julia Sevilla-Llewellyn-Jones, Gustavo Camino, Debra A Russo, Michelle Painter, Angel L Montejo, Susana Ochoa, Peter B Jones, Jesus Perez
It is still unclear to what extent personality may influence the development of psychosis. We aimed to explore significant personality traits in individuals at high-risk (HR) for psychosis. Personalities of forty HR individuals and a matched sample of 40 healthy volunteers (HVs) were evaluated with the Millon Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III). They were also assessed with the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS), Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories (BDI-II and BAI), Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) and Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI 6...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373932/challenging-predictions-between-affective-temperaments-depression-and-anxiety-in-a-kosovo-student-community-sample
#19
Mimoza Shahini, Merita Shala, Pajtim Xhylani, Shkumbin Gashi, Islam Borinca, Andreas Erfurth
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between temperament and mental health problems is seen very important as we hope to explain the trajectory of this interaction. The aim of this study was to test the validity of affective temperaments for predicting psychiatric morbidity, by explaining the relationships between temperament, anxiety and depression in a community sample. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. The present sample consisted of 960 participants (347 male, 622 female) with a mean age of M = 28...
January 26, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372261/patients-with-primary-restless-legs-syndrome-have-higher-prevalence-of-autonomic-dysfunction-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#20
Bilgehan Atılgan Acar, Mustafa Atahan Gürkan Acar, Türkan Acar, Ceyhun Varım, Aybala Neslihan Alagöz, Enis Bekir Demiryürek, Belma Doğan Güngen, Yeşim Güzey Aras
INTRODUCTION: Given the limited data on autonomic dysfunction in patients with primary restless legs syndrome (pRLS), we compared the autonomic dysfunction and presence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) among patients with pRLS with those among control patients. METHODS: Consecutive adult drug-naïve patients with pRLS, and age- and gender-matched healthy control patients were enrolled in this study. Diagnoses, based on validated self-reported questionnaires, were made using the following guidelines: the Rome III Classification System for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders for IBS; the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) for the presence of anxiety and depression, respectively; the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) for severity of sleep disturbances; and Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson's disease-Autonomic (SCOPA-AUT) for autonomic dysfunction...
January 26, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
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