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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350585/effect-of-anchor-length-on-the-pullout-strength-of-palatal-mini-implants
#1
Yu-Chuan Tseng, Chun-Chan Ting, Ju-Hui Wu, Hong-Sen Chen, Chun-Ming Chen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the pullout strength of 3 different orthodontic mini implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven mini implants (diameter: 2 mm, length: 7 mm) were implanted into artificial bone (Sawbones; Pacific Research Laboratories Inc.) at depths of 3, 4, and 5 mm. The insertion torque (IT), resonance frequency (RF), pullout strength (PS), and anchor length (AL) were measured. One-way analysis of variance with Tukey honest significant difference (HSD) postcomparison were used to detect intergroup differences...
March 24, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345752/recent-field-experiments-with-commercial-satellite-imagery-direct-downlink
#2
Anthony R Gonzalez, Samuel H Amber
US Pacific Command's strategy includes assistance to United States government relief agencies and nongovernment organizations during humanitarian aid and disaster relief operations in the Asia-Pacific region. Situational awareness during these operations is enhanced by broad interagency access to unclassified commercial satellite imagery. The Remote Ground Terminal-a mobile satellite downlink ground station-has undergone several technology demonstrations and participated in an overseas deployment exercise focused on a natural disaster scenario...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345033/improved-estimates-of-ocean-heat-content-from-1960-to-2015
#3
Lijing Cheng, Kevin E Trenberth, John Fasullo, Tim Boyer, John Abraham, Jiang Zhu
Earth's energy imbalance (EEI) drives the ongoing global warming and can best be assessed across the historical record (that is, since 1960) from ocean heat content (OHC) changes. An accurate assessment of OHC is a challenge, mainly because of insufficient and irregular data coverage. We provide updated OHC estimates with the goal of minimizing associated sampling error. We performed a subsample test, in which subsets of data during the data-rich Argo era are colocated with locations of earlier ocean observations, to quantify this error...
March 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344513/a-final-year-nursing-student-survey-rural-attitudes-perceived-competencies-and-intention-to-work-across-five-asian-countries
#4
Nareerut Pudpong, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Bipin Batra, Jianlin Hou, Lan T H Vu, Paul Dipika
BACKGROUND: Shortages and maldistribution of nurses remain significant problems in many countries. Having appropriate intervention strategies to retain nurses in underserved areas, where they are most needed, are crucial for health system strengthening. This study aimed to quantify attitudes to working in rural areas, perceived competencies, and intention to work among final-year nursing students, and to analyze the associations between those factors and their background characteristics across five countries in the Asia-Pacific Network for Health Professional Education Reforms (ANHER), namely Bangladesh, China, India, Thailand, and Vietnam...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344106/molecular-phylogenetic-relationships-reveal-contrasting-evolutionary-patterns-in-gorgoniidae-octocorallia-in-the-eastern-pacific
#5
M M Soler-Hurtado, P J López-González, A Machordom
The description and delimitation of species in an evolutionary framework is essential for understanding patterns of biodiversity and distribution, and in the assessment of conservation strategies for natural resources. This study seeks to clarify the evolutionary history and genetic variation within and between closely related octocoral species that are fundamental to benthic marine ecosystems for harbouring a high diversity of associated fauna. For our study system, we focused on members of the Gorgoniidae family in the Eastern Pacific, particularly of the Ecuadorian littoral, a less studied marine ecosystem...
March 24, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343780/propagation-of-brazilian-zika-virus-strains-in-static-and-suspension-cultures-using-vero-and-bhk-cells
#6
Alexander Nikolay, Leda R Castilho, Udo Reichl, Yvonne Genzel
The recent spread of Zika virus (ZIKV) in the Americas and the Pacific has reached alarming levels in more than 60 countries. However, relatively little is known about the disease on a virological and epidemiological level and its consequences for humans. Accordingly, a large demand for in vitro derived Brazilian ZIKV material to support in vitro and in vivo studies has arisen. However, a prompt supply of ZIKV and ZIKV antigens cannot be guaranteed as the production of this virus typically using Vero or C6/36 cell lines remains challenging...
March 23, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343580/behavioral-thermal-tolerances-of-free-ranging-rattlesnakes-crotalus-oreganus-during-the-summer-foraging-season
#7
Breanna J Putman, Rulon W Clark
Increasing temperature due to climate change is one of the greatest challenges for wildlife worldwide. Behavioral data on free-ranging individuals is necessary to determine at what temperatures animals modify activity as this would determine their capacity to continue to move, forage, and mate under altered thermal regimes. In particular, high temperatures could limit available surface activity time and time spent on fitness-related activities. Conversely, performance, such as feeding rate, can increase with temperature potentially having positive fitness effects...
April 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343239/improved-full-length-killer-cell-immunoglobulin-like-receptor-transcript-discovery-in-mauritian-cynomolgus-macaques
#8
Trent M Prall, Michael E Graham, Julie A Karl, Roger W Wiseman, Adam J Ericsen, Muthuswamy Raveendran, R Alan Harris, Donna M Muzny, Richard A Gibbs, Jeffrey Rogers, David H O'Connor
Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) modulate disease progression of pathogens including HIV, malaria, and hepatitis C. Cynomolgus and rhesus macaques are widely used as nonhuman primate models to study human pathogens, and so, considerable effort has been put into characterizing their KIR genetics. However, previous studies have relied on cDNA cloning and Sanger sequencing that lack the throughput of current sequencing platforms. In this study, we present a high throughput, full-length allele discovery method utilizing Pacific Biosciences circular consensus sequencing (CCS)...
March 25, 2017: Immunogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342012/predation-risk-influences-feeding-rates-but-competition-structures-space-use-for-a-common-pacific-parrotfish
#9
Kathryn Davis, P M Carlson, D Bradley, R R Warner, J E Caselle
In terrestrial systems it is well known that the spatial patterns of grazing by herbivores can influence the structure of primary producer communities. On coral reefs, the consequences of varied space use by herbivores on benthic community structure are not well understood, nor are the relative influences of bottom-up (resource abundance and quality), horizontal (competition), and top-down (predation risk) factors in affecting spatial foraging behaviors of mobile herbivorous fishes. In the current study we quantified space use and feeding rates of the parrotfish, Chlorurus spilurus, across a strong gradient of food resources and predator and competitor abundance across two islands with drastically different fisheries management schemes...
March 24, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341961/from-smooth-to-rough-from-water-to-air-the-intertidal-habitat-of-northern-clingfish-gobiesox-maeandricus
#10
Petra Ditsche, Madeline Hicks, Lisa Truong, Christina Linkem, Adam Summers
The Northern clingfish is a small, Eastern North Pacific fish that can attach to rough, fouled rocks in the intertidal. Their ability to attach to surfaces has been measured previously in the laboratory, and in this study, we show the roughness and fouling of the natural habitat of these fish. We introduce a new method for measuring surface roughness of natural substrates with time-limited accessibility. We expect this method to be broadly applicable in studies of animal/substrate surface interactions in habitats difficult to characterize...
April 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341930/clinical-utility-of-cxbladder-for-the-diagnosis-of-urothelial-carcinoma
#11
David Darling, Carthika Luxmanan, Paul O'Sullivan, Tony Lough, James Suttie
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to demonstrate the clinical utility of non-invasive multigene Cxbladder urine tests in reducing the overall number of diagnostic tests and invasive procedures used in the clinical evaluation of patients presenting with microhematuria, a key symptom of urothelial carcinoma (UC). There is a belief that using non-invasive molecular diagnostic tests in patients with hematuria may lead to patients undergoing unnecessary and costly invasive procedures that can cause adverse events and decrease patient quality of life...
March 24, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341851/respiratory-microbiome-of-endangered-southern-resident-killer-whales-and-microbiota-of-surrounding-sea-surface-microlayer-in-the-eastern-north-pacific
#12
Stephen A Raverty, Linda D Rhodes, Erin Zabek, Azad Eshghi, Caroline E Cameron, M Bradley Hanson, J Pete Schroeder
In the Salish Sea, the endangered Southern Resident Killer Whale (SRKW) is a high trophic indicator of ecosystem health. Three major threats have been identified for this population: reduced prey availability, anthropogenic contaminants, and marine vessel disturbances. These perturbations can culminate in significant morbidity and mortality, usually associated with secondary infections that have a predilection to the respiratory system. To characterize the composition of the respiratory microbiota and identify recognized pathogens of SRKW, exhaled breath samples were collected between 2006-2009 and analyzed for bacteria, fungi and viruses using (1) culture-dependent, targeted PCR-based methodologies and (2) taxonomically broad, non-culture dependent PCR-based methodologies...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341098/antimicrobial-activity-of-tigecycline-and-cefoperazone-sulbactam-tested-against-18-386-gram-negative-organisms-from-europe-and-the-asia-pacific-region-2013-2014
#13
M A Pfaller, R K Flamm, L R Duncan, R E Mendes, R N Jones, H S Sader
A total of 18,386 organisms, including 13,224 Enterobacteriaceae, 3536 Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 1254 Acinetobacter spp., and 372Stenotrophomonas maltophilia were collected from Western Europe (WEU; n=10,021), Eastern Europe (EEU; n=4957), and the Asia-Pacific region (APAC; n=3408 [1052 from China]) in 2013-2014 as part of the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program and tested by a reference broth microdilution method for susceptibility against tigecycline, cefoperazone/sulbactam, and comparator agents. Overall, 95...
March 6, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340908/preparing-the-united-states-for-zika-virus-pre-emptive-vector-control-and-personal-protection
#14
EDITORIAL
James H Diaz
Discovered in 1947 in a monkey in the Zika forest of Uganda, Zika virus was dismissed as a cause of a mild illness that was confined to Africa and Southeast Asia and transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. In 2007, Zika virus appeared outside of its endemic borders in an outbreak on the South Pacific Island of Yap. In 2013, Zika virus was associated with a major neurological complication, Guillain-Barré syndrome, in a larger outbreak in the French Polynesian Islands. From the South Pacific, Zika invaded Brazil in 2015 and caused another severe neurological complication, fetal microcephaly...
December 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338754/spatial-quantification-of-the-world-population-potentially-exposed-to-zika-virus
#15
Alberto J Alaniz, Antonella Bacigalupo, Pedro E Cattan
Background: Zika virus is an emerging Flaviviridae virus, which has spread rapidly in the last few years. It has raised concern because it has been associated with fetus microcephaly when pregnant women are infected. The main vector is the mosquito Aedes aegypti , distributed in tropical areas. Methods: Niche modelling techniques were used to estimate the potential distribution area of A. aegypti. This was overlapped with human population density, determining areas of potential transmission risk worldwide...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338093/-210-pb-226-ra-disequilibria-in-young-gas-laden-magmas
#16
Mark Reagan, Simon Turner, Heather Handley, Michael Turner, Christoph Beier, John Caulfield, David Peate
We present new (238)U-(230)Th-(226)Ra-(210)Pb and supporting data for young lavas from southwest Pacific island arcs, Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland, and Terceira, Azores. The arc lavas have significant (238)U and (226)Ra excesses, whereas those from the ocean islands have moderate (230)Th and (226)Ra excesses, reflecting mantle melting in the presence of a water-rich fluid in the former and mantle melting by decompression in the latter. Differentiation to erupted compositions in both settings appears to have taken no longer than a few millennia...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337804/endo-2017-weo-s-successful-first-world-congress-of-gi-endoscopy
#17
EDITORIAL
Jean-François Rey
For more than 50 years, the World Endoscopy Organization (WEO) has promoted the study and advancement of digestive endoscopy around the globe. Our key efforts have been to promote education and training in digestive endoscopy, and to forge close links with the the WEO zones: Asian Pacific Society of Digestive Endoscopy (A-PSDE), European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE), and Inter-American Society of Digestive Endoscopy (SIED). With increased interaction and connectivity between different global regions, our goal to support the advancement of endoscopy in underserved areas of the world has been strengthened...
March 24, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337682/three-members-of-opisthomonorcheides-parukhin-1966-digenea-monorchiidae-from-carangid-fishes-perciformes-from-indonesia-with-a-review-of-the-genus
#18
Rodney A Bray, Harry W Palm, Scott C Cutmore, Thomas H Cribb
Three species of Opisthomonorcheides Parukhin, 1966 are reported for the first time from Indonesian waters: O. pampi (Wang, 1982) Liu, Peng, Gao, Fu, Wu, Lu, Gao & Xiao, 2010 and O. ovacutus (Mamaev, 1970) Machida, 2011 from Parastromateus niger (Bloch), and O. decapteri Parukhin, 1966 from Atule mate (Cuvier). Both O. pampi and O. ovacutus can now be considered widespread in the Indo-Pacific region, with earlier records of these species being from Fujian Province, China and Penang, Malaysia, respectively. We redescribe O...
March 23, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337681/morphological-and-molecular-evidence-on-the-existence-of-a-single-estuarine-and-rocky-intertidal-acanthocephalan-species-of-profilicollis-meyer-1931-acanthocephala-polymorphidae-along-the-atlantic-and-pacific-coasts-of-southern-south-america
#19
Sara M Rodríguez, Julia I Diaz, Guillermo D'Elía
Profilicollis chasmagnathi Holcman-Spector, Mañé-Garzón & Dei-Cas, 1977 (Acanthocephala: Polymorphidae) has been reported to parasitise different grapsid species as intermediate hosts along the South Atlantic shores, i.e. Cyrtograpsus angulatus (Dana) and Neohelice granulata (Dana) in Uruguay and Cyrtograpsus altimanus (Rathbun) in Argentina. Larvae of a similar acanthocephalan described as Profilicollis antarcticus Zdzitowiecki, 1985 were recorded in the crab Hemigrapsus crenulatus (Milne-Edwards) from an estuarine habitat on the Southeast Pacific shore in Chile...
March 23, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337584/-i-can-t-take-hold-of-some-kind-of-a-life-the-role-of-social-connectedness-and-confidence-in-engaging-lost-adolescents-with-their-lives
#20
Nicole M Ja, Paul E Jose
Erik Erikson's theoretical writings on identity have provided a rich foundation upon which decades of research on identity development have been built. However, literature is lacking regarding adolescents who are aware that they lack knowledge about the self (i.e., values, likes, and dislikes) to the extent that they are stuck and directionless, and therefore unable to engage in the process of identity formation, what we refer to as a state of "lostness." Furthermore, while it has been established that supportive relationships facilitate identity development, less is known about whether various domains of social connectedness may diminish "lostness" over time, and if so, what may be the specific processes or conditions within each connectedness domain that supports this aspect of identity development...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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