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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634891/a-scoping-review-of-the-public-health-impact-of-vitamin-d-fortified-dairy-products-for-fracture-prevention
#1
REVIEW
Mickael Hiligsmann, Audrey Neuprez, Fanny Buckinx, Médéa Locquet, Jean-Yves Reginster
PURPOSE: Dairy products are rich in nutrients that positively influence bone health and hence fracture risk, and have therefore been recommended and used for fracture prevention. To help decision makers to efficiently allocate scare resources, it is further important to assess the public health and economic impact of any health intervention. In recent years, several studies have been conducted to estimate the public health and/or economic impact of dairy products but no overview is currently available...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629275/applying-learning-theory-to-safety-and-health-training-for-hispanic-immigrant-dairy-workers
#2
Patricia M Juárez-Carrillo, Amy K Liebman, Iris Anne C Reyes, Yurany V Ninco Sánchez, Matthew C Keifer
We designed a safety and health curriculum for dairy immigrant workers aiming to increase knowledge, encourage safe behavior, and reduce worker communication inequalities to prevent occupational injury and diseases. The design is largely based on the Taxonomy of Significant Learning and incorporated behavioral and adult learning theories and principles of occupational hazard control. Trainings were implemented with 836 Spanish-speaking workers from 67 farms in Wisconsin. Sixty-seven percent of workers reported never being trained before in dairy safety, 65% of these worked in dairy for 5 or fewers years, and 26% of workers reported being ever injured while working on dairy...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626750/quantifying-preferences-of-farmers-and-veterinarians-for-national-animal-health-programs-the-example-of-bovine-mastitis-and-antimicrobial-usage-in-switzerland
#3
Bart H P van den Borne, Felix J S van Soest, Martin Reist, Henk Hogeveen
Bovine udder health in Switzerland is of a relatively high level. However, antimicrobial usage (AMU) seems high in comparison to other European countries also. A new udder health and AMU improvement program could improve this situation but it is uncertain whether there is support from the field. This study aimed to quantify preferences of dairy farmers and veterinarians for the start and design characteristics of a new national udder health and AMU improvement program in Switzerland. A total of 478 dairy farmers and 98 veterinarians completed an online questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625206/organic-food-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-its-association-with-health-related-characteristics-the-koala-birth-cohort-study
#4
Ana Paula Simões-Wüst, Carolina Moltó-Puigmartí, Eugene Hjm Jansen, Martien Cjm van Dongen, Pieter C Dagnelie, Carel Thijs
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of organic food consumption with maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, hypertension and diabetes in pregnancy, and several blood biomarkers of pregnant women. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Pregnant women were recruited at midwives' practices and through channels related to consumption of food from organic origin. SUBJECTS: Pregnant women who filled in FFQ and donated a blood sample (n 1339)...
June 19, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624286/genomic-evaluation-of-age-at-first-calving
#5
J L Hutchison, P M VanRaden, D J Null, J B Cole, D M Bickhart
From their time of birth until their first lactation, dairy heifers incur management, health, and feed expenses while not producing milk. Much effort has been made to estimate optimal ages of first calving (AFC) for cows to reduce these costs, which can be as high as $2.50 per day, and ensure that animals are productive earlier in life. To identify AFC for 3 dairy cattle breeds (Holstein, Jersey, and Brown Swiss) that maximizes production, we retrieved phenotypic records for more than 14 million cows calving between 1997 and 2015 from the US national dairy database...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624284/comparing-the-effect-of-homogenization-and-heat-processing-on-the-properties-and-in-vitro-digestion-of-milk-from-organic-and-conventional-dairy-herds
#6
D L Van Hekken, M H Tunick, D X Ren, P M Tomasula
We compared the effects of homogenization and heat processing on the chemical and in vitro digestion traits of milk from organic and conventional herds. Raw milk from organic (>50% of dry matter intake from pasture) and conventional (no access to pasture) farms were adjusted to commercial whole and nonfat milk fat standards, and processed with or without homogenization, and with high-temperature-short-time or UHT pasteurization. The milk then underwent in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. Comparison of milk from organic and conventional herds showed that the milks responded to processing in similar ways...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624279/the-use-of-national-level-data-to-describe-trends-in-intramammary-antimicrobial-usage-on-irish-dairy-farms-from-2003-to-2015
#7
Simon J More, Tracy A Clegg, Finola McCoy
In this study, we used national-level data to describe trends in on-farm intramammary antimicrobial usage in Ireland from 2003 to 2015. We calculated actual sales of intramammary tubes and the quantity of active substance sold, by year, product type [lactation or dry cow therapy (DCT)], antimicrobial group, World Health Organization antimicrobial classification, and from 2009 to 2015, prescribing route. We also estimated on-farm usage of lactation and dry cow intramammary antimicrobials using defined daily dose (DDDvet) and defined course dose (DCDvet) calculations, and dry cow coverage...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624277/technical-note-at-line-prediction-of-mineral-composition-of-fresh-cheeses-using-near-infrared-technologies
#8
C L Manuelian, S Currò, G Visentin, M Penasa, M Cassandro, C Dellea, M Bernardi, M De Marchi
Milk and dairy products are important sources of macro- and trace elements for human health. However, fresh cheeses usually have a lower mineral content than other cheeses, and this makes mineral prediction more difficult. Although mineral prediction in several food matrices using infrared spectroscopy has been reported in the literature, very little information is available for cheeses. The present study was aimed at developing near-infrared reflectance (NIR, 866-2,530 nm) and transmittance (NIT, 850-1,050 nm) spectroscopy models to predict the major mineral content of fresh cheeses...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624274/effect-of-nutritional-immunomodulation-and-heat-stress-during-the-dry-period-on-subsequent-performance-of-cows
#9
Thiago F Fabris, Jimena Laporta, Fabiana N Corra, Yazielis M Torres, David J Kirk, Derek J McLean, J D Chapman, Geoffrey E Dahl
Heat stress in dairy cows during the dry period impairs milk yield in the next lactation. Feeding OmniGen-AF (OG; Phibro Animal Health Corp., Teaneck, NJ) to lactating cows during heat stress may increase dry matter intake (DMI) and lowers respiration rate (RR) and rectal temperature (RT), but the effects in dry cows are not known. We hypothesized that OG supplementation before, during, and after the dry period (approximately 160 d total) would overcome the effects of heat stress and improve cow performance in the next lactation...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622786/dairy-cow-disability-weights
#10
Craig S McConnel, Ashleigh A McNeil, Joleen C Hadrich, Jason E Lombard, Franklyn B Garry, Jane Heller
Over the past 175 years, data related to human disease and death have progressed to a summary measure of population health, the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY). As dairies have intensified there has been no equivalent measure of the impact of disease on the productive life and well-being of animals. The development of a disease-adjusted metric requires a consistent set of disability weights that reflect the relative severity of important diseases. The objective of this study was to use an international survey of dairy authorities to derive disability weights for primary disease categories recorded on dairies...
August 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621721/perceived-health-and-nutrition-concerns-as-predictors-of-dietary-patterns-among-polish-females-aged-13-21-years-gebahealth-project
#11
Marzena Jezewska-Zychowicz, Lidia Wadolowska, Joanna Kowalkowska, Marta Lonnie, Jolanta Czarnocinska, Ewa Babicz-Zielinska
Health-related concerns can often be factors influencing health-related behaviours. It remains unclear whether a high level of concerns is associated with pro-healthy or unhealthy dietary behaviours and whether any associations between nutrition-related concerns and dietary behaviours exist in a population of girls and young women. The aim of the study was to investigate the associations between perceived health and nutrition concerns and dietary patterns in a representative sample of Polish young females. Data was collected in 2012 through a cross-sectional quantitative survey within the GEBaHealth (Girls Eating Behaviours and Health) project in a group of 1107 Polish girls aged 13-21 years old...
June 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616479/human-q-fever-incidence-is-associated-to-spatiotemporal-environmental-conditions
#12
J P G Van Leuken, A N Swart, J Brandsma, W Terink, J Van de Kassteele, P Droogers, F Sauter, A H Havelaar, W Van der Hoek
Airborne pathogenic transmission from sources to humans is characterised by atmospheric dispersion and influence of environmental conditions on deposition and reaerosolisation. We applied a One Health approach using human, veterinary and environmental data regarding the 2009 epidemic in The Netherlands, and investigated whether observed human Q fever incidence rates were correlated to environmental risk factors. We identified 158 putative sources (dairy goat and sheep farms) and included 2339 human cases. We performed a high-resolution (1 × 1 km) zero-inflated regression analysis to predict incidence rates by Coxiella burnetii concentration (using an atmospheric dispersion model and meteorological data), and environmental factors - including vegetation density, soil moisture, soil erosion sensitivity, and land use data - at a yearly and monthly time-resolution...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615384/yogurt-and-diabetes-overview-of-recent-observational-studies
#13
REVIEW
Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Andrés Díaz-López, Nancy Babio
The effects of dairy consumption on the prevention of type 2 diabetes remain controversial and depend on the dairy subtype. Yogurt intake has received special attention because its association with health benefits is more consistent than that of other types of dairy products. In the present article, we review those observational studies that evaluated the association between yogurt consumption and type 2 diabetes. We also discuss the possible mechanisms involved in these associations. We found that 13 prospective studies evaluated the association between yogurt intake and type 2 diabetes, most of which showed an inverse association between the frequency of yogurt consumption and the risk of diabetes...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613259/lifestyle-patterns-and-weight-status-in-spanish-adults-the-anibes-study
#14
Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Marta Gianzo-Citores, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina
Limited knowledge is available on lifestyle patterns in Spanish adults. We investigated dietary patterns and possible meaningful clustering of physical activity, sedentary behavior, sleep time, and smoking in Spanish adults aged 18-64 years and their association with obesity. Analysis was based on a subsample (n = 1617) of the cross-sectional ANIBES study in Spain. We performed exploratory factor analysis and subsequent cluster analysis of dietary patterns, physical activity, sedentary behaviors, sleep time, and smoking...
June 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613243/dietary-calcium-intake-and-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-in-spanish-children-the-aniva-study
#15
Nuria Rubio-López, Agustín Llopis-González, Yolanda Picó, María Morales-Suárez-Varela
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of dietary calcium intake with anthropometric measures, physical activity and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) in 1176 Spanish children aged 6-9 years. Data were obtained from "Antropometría y Nutrición Infantil de Valencia" (ANIVA), a cross-sectional study of a representative sample. Dietary calcium intake assessed from three-day food records was compared to recommended daily intakes in Spain. Anthropometric measures (weight and height) were measured according to international standards and adherence to the MedDiet was evaluated using the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED) test...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610575/monitoring-the-impact-of-trade-agreements-on-national-food-environments-trade-imports-and-population-nutrition-risks-in-fiji
#16
Amerita Ravuvu, Sharon Friel, Anne-Marie Thow, Wendy Snowdon, Jillian Wate
BACKGROUND: Trade agreements are increasingly recognised as playing an influential role in shaping national food environments and the availability and nutritional quality of the food supply. Global monitoring of food environments and trade policies can strengthen the evidence base for the impact of trade policy on nutrition, and support improved policy coherence. Using the INFORMAS trade monitoring protocol, we reviewed available food supply data to understand associations between Fiji's commitments under WTO trade agreements and food import volume trends...
June 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608321/a-comparison-of-principal-component-analysis-partial-least-squares-and-reduced-rank-regressions-in-the-identification-of-dietary-patterns-associated-with-bone-mass-in-ageing-australians
#17
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Tiffany K Gill, Anne W Taylor, Robert Adams, Zumin Shi
PURPOSE: The relative advantages of dietary analysis methods, particularly in identifying dietary patterns associated with bone mass, have not been investigated. We evaluated principal component analysis (PCA), partial least-squares (PLS) and reduced-rank regressions (RRR) in determining dietary patterns associated with bone mass. METHODS: Data from 1182 study participants (45.9% males; aged 50 years and above) from the North West Adelaide Health Study (NWAHS) were used...
June 12, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606522/functionality-and-nutritional-aspects-of-microcrystalline-cellulose-in-food
#18
REVIEW
John Nsor-Atindana, Maoshen Chen, H Douglas Goff, Fang Zhong, Hafiz Rizwan Sharif, Yue Li
Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) is among the most commonly used cellulose derivatives in the food industry. In order assess the recent advances of MCC in food product development and its associated nutraceutical implications, google scholar and database of journals subscribed by Jiangnan university, China were used to source literature. Recently published research articles that reported physicochemical properties of MCC for food application or potential application in food and nutraceutical functions were reviewed and major findings outlined...
September 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606365/estimate-of-the-economic-impact-of-mastitis-a-case-study-in-a-holstein-dairy-herd-under-tropical-conditions
#19
Juliana L B Guimarães, Maria A V P Brito, Carla C Lange, Márcio R Silva, João B Ribeiro, Letícia C Mendonça, Juliana F M Mendonça, Guilherme N Souza
The aim of this study was to estimate the economic impact of mastitis at the herd level and the weight (percent) of the components of this impact in a Holstein dairy herd under tropical conditions. Three estimates of the economic impact of mastitis were performed. In estimates 1 and 2 the real production and economic indices from February 2011 to January 2012 were considered. In the estimate 1, indices for mastitis classified as ideal were considered, whereas in the estimate 2, the mastitis indices used were those recorded at the farm and at Holstein Cattle Association of Minas Gerais State database (real indices)...
July 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606364/cefotaxime-resistant-e-coli-in-dairy-and-beef-cattle-farms-joint-analyses-of-two-cross-sectional-investigations-in-germany
#20
Katja Hille, Inga Ruddat, Annette Schmid, Johanna Hering, Maria Hartmann, Christiane von Münchhausen, Bettina Schneider, Ute Messelhäusser, Anika Friese, Rolf Mansfeld, Annemarie Käsbohrer, Stefan Hörmansdorfer, Uwe Roesler, Lothar Kreienbrock
Resistance to third-generation cephalosporins and other beta-lactam antibiotics is of major concern for animal and human health. Knowledge of the prevalence of resistant bacteria in primary production is an important element to estimate transmission along the stages in the food production chain and the exposure of the human population. The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of cefotaxime-resistant commensal E. coli in dairy and beef cattle production units throughout Germany. Secondarily, the association between management factors and the presence of cefotaxime resistance was investigated...
July 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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