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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737632/transgender-individuals-and-osteoporosis-prevention
#1
Carol A Sedlak, Cyndi Gale Roller, Manfred van Dulmen, Homood A Alharbi, Jessica D Sanata, Marci A Leifson, Amy J Veney, Hossam Alhawatmeh, Margaret OʼBryan Doheny
BACKGROUND: Risk behaviors and hormone use place transgender individuals (TIs) in jeopardy for osteoporosis. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to expand the science about the knowledge, health beliefs, and osteoporosis (OP) preventing behaviors of TIs. METHODS: This was a mixed-methods pilot study of a convenience sample of 31 TIs 30 years and older. Participants completed an online Osteoporosis Bone Health Survey. Fifteen participants were randomly selected for an interview to describe their perceptions of bone health...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736622/nutrition-and-osteoporosis-prevention-for-the-orthopaedic-surgeon-a-wholefoods-approach
#2
Jennette Higgs, Emma Derbyshire, Kathryn Styles
Osteoporosis is a prevalent and debilitating condition with no signs of subsiding. Rising numbers of people consuming nutrient-poor diets coupled with ageing populations and sedentary lifestyles appear to be the main drivers behind this.While the nutrients calcium and vitamin D have received most attention, there is growing evidence that wholefoods and other micronutrients have roles to play in primary and potentially secondary osteoporosis prevention.Until recently, calcium and vitamin D were regarded as the main nutrients essential to bone health but now there are emerging roles for iron, copper and selenium, among others...
June 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735581/independent-associations-of-dairy-and-calcium-intakes-with-colorectal-cancers-in-the-adventist-health-study-2-cohort
#3
Yessenia Tantamango-Bartley, Synnove F Knutsen, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Jing Fan, Andrew Mashchak, Gary E Fraser
OBJECTIVE: Results associating dairy and Ca intakes with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk have been mixed. Most previous analyses have suffered from confounding between dairy and Ca intakes. We examined independent associations between these variables, also dairy foods, and CRC incidence in a population with a large range of dairy intakes. DESIGN: Adventist Health Study-2 is a cohort study where subjects were enrolled 2002-2007. Proportional hazard regression analyses were performed to estimate hazard ratios (HR)...
July 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732791/detection-of-a-mecc-positive-staphylococcus-saprophyticus-from-bovine-mastitis-in-argentina
#4
Mariela E Srednik, Marie Archambault, Mario Jacques, Elida R Gentilini
INTRODUCTION: Bovine mastitis causes important economic losses in the dairy industry. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) are a group of bacteria commonly isolated from bovine mastitis and can display resistance to a wide range of antimicrobial agents. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine staphylococcal resistance towards β-lactam, macrolide and lincosamide antimicrobials in quarters previously treated with third-generation cephalosporin and after lincosamide intramammary therapy...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731316/phytochemical-analysis-of-myrtus-communis-plant-conventional-versus-microwave-assisted-extraction-procedures
#5
Nadia Bouaoudia-Madi, Lila Boulekbache-Makhlouf, Nabil Kadri, Farid Dahmoune, Hocine Remini, Sofiane Dairi, Sonia Oukhmanou-Bensidhoum, Khodir Madani
Background Myrtle (Myrtus communis L) may constitute an interesting dietary source of health protective compounds. Microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of total phenolic compounds (TPC) from myrtle leaf, stems, pericarp, and seeds was studied and the results were compared with those of the conventional method extraction (CME) in terms of extraction time. Methods Extraction yield/efficiency and antioxidant activity were measured using radical scavenging assay (DPPH•) and reducing power. Results The results show that the MAE was higher in terms of saving energy, extraction time (62 s) and extraction efficiency of bioactive compound compared to CME (2 h)...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730403/functional-characterization-of-potential-probiotic-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-kalarei-and-development-of-probiotic-fermented-oat-flour
#6
Mahak Gupta, Bijender Kumar Bajaj
Considerable variations among probiotics with respect to their health benefitting attributes fuel the research on bioprospecting of proficient probiotic strains from various ecological niches especially the poorly unexplored ones. In the current study, kalarei, an indigenous cheese-like fermented milk product, and other dairy-based sources like curd and raw milk were used for isolation of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Among 34 LAB isolates, 7 that could withstand simulated gastrointestinal (GI) conditions were characterized for functional probiotic attributes, viz...
July 20, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727545/role-of-age-and-acculturation-in-diet-quality-among-mexican-americans-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2012
#7
Yilin Yoshida, Richard Scribner, Liwei Chen, Stephanie Broyles, Stephen Phillippi, Tung-Sung Tseng
Age and acculturation may play a role in diet quality among Mexican Americans. This study examined diet quality in Mexican Americans by age and whether acculturation influences diet quality across different age groups, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Diet quality, measured by the Healthy Eating Index 2010, improved with age except in categories of dairy, sodium, and refined grains. More acculturation was associated with lower scores in overall diet quality and categories of vegetables, fruits, and sodium and empty calories across almost all ages, but higher scores in grain categories, especially in younger groups...
July 20, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727049/association-of-udder-traits-with-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-crossbred-bos-indicus-bos-taurus-cows
#8
M W Tolleson, C A Gill, A D Herring, P K Riggs, J E Sawyer, J O Sanders, D G Riley
The size, support, and health of udders limit the productive life of beef cows, especially those with background, because, in general, such cows have a reputation for problems with udders. Genomic association studies of bovine udder traits have been conducted in dairy cattle and recently in Continental European beef breeds but not in cows with background. The objective of this study was to determine associations of SNP and udder support scores, teat length, and teat diameter in half (Nellore), half (Angus) cows...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726994/cell-biology-symposium-practical-application-of-the-basic-aspects-of-glut4-membrane-trafficking-and-insulin-signaling-on-issues-related-to-animal-agriculture
#9
S B Smith
Because of the relatively short lifespans of beef cattle, membrane trafficking in relation to inflammation is not considered important unless it overtly affects productivity. However, glucose uptake and utilization is important for adipose tissue development in beef cattle, and increasing glucose utilization in intramuscular adipose tissue can increase carcass quality. Research from the 1980s demonstrated a lack of insulin sensitivity in isolated bovine adipocytes and adipose tissue explants incubated in vitro...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724863/factors-associated-with-number-of-present-teeth-in-adults-in-japanese-urban-city
#10
Tsukasa Kurahashi, Miki Kitagawa, Takashi Matsukubo
The purpose of this study was to identify which factors were associated with number of present teeth (PT) in older adults as their clarification might contribute to maintaining the number of PT in this population. These factors were investigated by means of a questionnaire on oral health condition, general health behavior, and anamnesis of diabetes mellitus together with a dental examination. Data were obtained from a total of 7,741 Japanese subjects (2,623 males and 5,118 females), all of whom were aged 40, 50, or 60 years...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724468/a-combined-high-sugar-and-high-saturated-fat-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-more-depressive-symptoms-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-the-helius-healthy-life-in-an-urban-setting-study
#11
Esther Vermeulen, Karien Stronks, Marieke B Snijder, Aart H Schene, Anja Lok, Jeanne H de Vries, Marjolein Visser, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Mary Nicolaou
OBJECTIVE: To identify a high-sugar (HS) dietary pattern, a high-saturated-fat (HF) dietary pattern and a combined high-sugar and high-saturated-fat (HSHF) dietary pattern and to explore if these dietary patterns are associated with depressive symptoms. DESIGN: We used data from the HELIUS (Healthy Life in an Urban Setting) study and included 4969 individuals aged 18-70 years. Diet was assessed using four ethnic-specific FFQ. Dietary patterns were derived using reduced rank regression with mono- and disaccharides, saturated fat and total fat as response variables...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724089/grower-analysis-of-organic-matter-amendments-in-california-orchards
#12
Sat Darshan S Khalsa, Patrick H Brown
Organic matter amendments supply crop nutrients and enhance soil health, yet information specific to orchards is lacking. A survey was conducted to analyze use of these materials by California almond [ (Mill.) D.A. Webb] growers. Significant differences were observed for benefits, concerns, and accessibility to manure and green waste sources and between users and nonusers. Use patterns were significantly influenced by heavy and light users, farm size, and geographic region. Enhanced soil biology was the main benefit attributed to organic matter amendments by both users and nonusers...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716206/contextual-herd-factors-associated-with-cow-culling-risk-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-dairy-herds-a-multilevel-analysis
#13
Denis Haine, Hector Delgado, Roger Cue, Asheber Sewalem, Kevin Wade, René Lacroix, Daniel Lefebvre, Julie Arsenault, Émile Bouchard, Jocelyn Dubuc
Several health disorders, such as milk fever, displaced abomasum, and mastitis, as well as impaired reproductive performance, are known risk factors for the removal of affected cows from a dairy herd. While cow-level risk factors are well documented in the literature, herd-level associations have been less frequently investigated. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of cow- and herd-level determinants on variations in culling risk in Québec dairy herds: whether herd influences a cow's culling risk...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716201/a-matched-case-control-study-comparing-udder-health-production-and-fertility-parameters-in-dairy-farms-before-and-after-the-eradication-of-bovine-virus-diarrhoea-in-switzerland
#14
A Tschopp, R Deiss, M Rotzer, S Wanda, B Thomann, G Schüpbach-Regula, M Meylan
An obligatory eradication programme for Bovine Virus Diarrhoea (BVD) was implemented in Switzerland in 2008. Between 2008 and 2012, all bovines were tested for antigen or antibodies against BVDV. By the year 2012, eradication was completed in the majority of farms. A decrease of the prevalence of persistently infected (PI) newborn calves was observed from 1.4% in 2008 to <0.02% in 2012. The objective of the present study was to assess the effects of BVD eradication on different parameters of animal health, production and fertility in Swiss dairy herds which had completed the eradication programme...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715656/the-prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-ziway-dugda-district-arsi-zone-oromia-regional-state-ethiopia
#15
Abebe Ferede, Firaol Lemessa, Mesfin Tafa, Solomon Sisay
OBJECTIVES: Adequate nutrition is an important factor to determine the health and well-being of women, children and society as a whole. Although various nutritional policies were formulated and aimed at reducing malnutrition at the global level, the magnitude of malnutrition (body mass index [BMI] <18.5 kg/m(2)) among women remained between 10% and 40% in most low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and to identify the associated risk factors among women of reproductive age...
July 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715252/sorting-through-the-spheres-of-influence-using-modified-pile-sorting-to-describe-who-influences-dairy-farmers-decision-making-about-safety
#16
Casper Bendixsen, Kathrine Barnes, Burney Kieke, Danielle Schenk, Jessica Simich, Matthew Keifer
OBJECTIVES: The primary goal of this study was to describe the mutually perceived influence of bankers and insurers on their agricultural clients' decision-making regarding health and safety. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 dairy farmers, 11 agricultural bankers, and 10 agricultural insurers from central Wisconsin. Three of the interview questions involved pile-sorting. Pile-sorting included 5-point Likert-like scales to help participants sort through 32 index cards...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712368/inferring-genetic-parameters-on-latent-variables-underlying-milk-yield-and-quality-protein-composition-curd-firmness-and-cheese-making-traits-in-dairy-cattle
#17
C Dadousis, C Cipolat-Gotet, G Bittante, A Cecchinato
We studied the genetics of cheese-related latent variables (factors; Fs) for application in dairy cattle breeding. In total, 26 traits, recorded in 1264 Brown Swiss cows, were analyzed through multivariate factor analysis (MFA). Traits analyzed were descriptors of milk quality and yield (including protein fractions) and measures of coagulation, curd firmness (CF), cheese yields (%CY) and nutrient recoveries in the curd (REC). A total of 10 Fs (mutual orthogonal with a varimax rotation) were obtained. To assess the practical use of the Fs into breeding, we inferred their genetic parameters using single and bivariate animal models under a Bayesian framework...
July 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712149/occurrence-genetic-diversity-and-antibiotic-resistance-of-arcobacter-spp-in-a-dairy-plant
#18
Susana Ferreira, Mónica Oleastro, Fernanda C Domingues
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence, diversity and resistance to antibiotics of Arcobacter spp. in a dairy plant samples. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 75 samples from dairy plant surfaces and materials and several food products collected in different steps of the cheese production process were analysed by culture, under aerobic and microaerobic atmospheric conditions, and by enrichment molecular detection. Isolates were identified and genotyped by ERIC-PCR, and their susceptibility to nine antibiotics was evaluated by agar dilution...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711262/genetic-and-nongenetic-factors-associated-with-milk-color-in-dairy-cows
#19
S Scarso, S McParland, G Visentin, D P Berry, A McDermott, M De Marchi
Milk color is one of the sensory properties that can influence consumer choice of one product over another and it influences the quality of processed dairy products. This study aims to quantify the cow-level genetic and nongenetic factors associated with bovine milk color traits. A total of 136,807 spectra from Irish commercial and research herds (with multiple breeds and crosses) were used. Milk lightness ( Lˆ*) red-green index ( aˆ*) and yellow-blue index ( bˆ*) were predicted for individual milk samples using only the mid-infrared spectrum of the milk sample...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711261/the-effect-of-mycobacterium-avium-subspecies-paratuberculosis-infection-on-clinical-mastitis-occurrence-in-dairy-cows
#20
G Rossi, Y T Grohn, Y H Schukken, R L Smith
Endemic diseases can be counted among the most serious sources of losses for livestock production. In dairy farms in particular, one of the most common diseases is Johne's disease, caused by Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP). Infection with MAP causes direct costs because it affects milk production, but it has also been suspected to increase the risk of clinical mastitis (CM) among infected animals. This might contribute to further costs for farmers. We asked whether MAP infection represents a risk factor for CM and, in particular, whether CM occurrences were more common in MAP-infected animals...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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