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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100121/effects-of-bovine-pregnancy-on-the-fatty-acid-composition-of-milk-significance-for-humans-needs
#1
R Barreiro, P Regal, M Díaz-Bao, B I Vázquez, A Cepeda
Milk from forty Holstein dairy cows (twenty pregnant and twenty non-pregnant) was collected from two different farms in Galicia (Spain). The differences in the fatty acid composition of two groups of cows (pregnant and non-pregnant) was studied to determine whether pregnancy status is a determinant factor that can alter the fatty acid profile of milk. Gas-chromatography (GC) coupled to flame ionization detection (FID) was used for determination of the fatty acids. Difference in the milk fatty acids between pregnant and non-pregnant cows were pronounced showing statistically significant differences for some fatty acids and the total saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids...
January 19, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098248/microbial-succession-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-of-dairy-cows-from-2-weeks-to-first-lactation
#2
Kimberly A Dill-McFarland, Jacob D Breaker, Garret Suen
Development of the dairy calf gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and its associated microbiota are essential for survival and milk production, as this community is responsible for converting plant-based feeds into accessible nutrients. However, little is known regarding the establishment of microbes in the calf GIT. Here, we measured fecal-associated bacterial, archaeal, and fungal communities of dairy cows from 2 weeks to the middle of first lactation (>2 years) as well as rumen-associated communities from weaning (8 weeks) to first lactation...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098228/unique-bacteria-community-composition-and-co-occurrence-in-the-milk-of-different-ruminants
#3
Zhipeng Li, André-Denis G Wright, Yifeng Yang, Huazhe Si, Guangyu Li
Lactation provides the singular source of nourishment to the offspring of mammals. This nutrition source also contains a diverse microbiota affecting the development and health of the newborn. Here, we examined the milk microbiota in water deer (Hydropotes inermis, the most primitive member of the family Cervidae), reindeer (Rangifer tarandus, the oldest semi-domesticated cervid), and the dairy goat (Capra aegagrus, member of the family Bovidae), to determine if common milk microbiota species were present across all three ruminant species...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096141/the-role-of-the-novel-lipokine-palmitoleic-acid-in-health-and-disease
#4
REVIEW
María E Frigolet, Ruth Gutiérrez-Aguilar
The monounsaturated fatty acid palmitoleate (palmitoleic acid) is one of the most abundant fatty acids in serum and tissues, particularly adipose tissue and liver. Its endogenous production by stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 gives rise to its cis isoform, cis-palmitoleate. Although trans-palmitoleate is also synthesized in humans, it is mainly found as an exogenous source in ruminant fat and dairy products. Recently, palmitoleate was considered to be a lipokine based on evidence demonstrating its release from adipose tissue and its metabolic effects on distant organs...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096139/potential-health-benefits-of-combining-yogurt-and-fruits-based-on-their-probiotic-and-prebiotic-properties
#5
REVIEW
Melissa Anne Fernandez, André Marette
Fruit and yogurt have been identified individually as indicators of healthy dietary patterns. Fruits are relatively low in energy density and are an excellent source of antioxidants and prebiotic fibers and polyphenols, which can promote digestive health. Yogurt, on the other hand, is a nutrient-dense food that is a good source of dairy protein, calcium, magnesium, vitamin B-12, conjugated linoleic acid, and other key fatty acids. In addition, it contains beneficial bacterial cultures, making it a potential source of probiotics...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096137/introduction-to-the-yogurt-in-nutrition-initiative-at-the-first-symposium-of-yogurt-in-mexico-the-balanced-diet-initiative
#6
REVIEW
Armando R Tovar, Guadalupe Herrera
In some European countries, yogurt consumption is common. However, such consumption is not common in Latin America, particularly in Mexico, partially because of the lack of a cultural tradition of consuming yogurt. Moreover, we also know that little information about the health benefits associated with yogurt consumption has been provided to the Mexican population. Thus, there is an immediate need to provide, at least to the nutrition community in the country, current scientific evidence about the health benefits of yogurt, with the aim that yogurt be included as part of the functional foods recommended to the population...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096123/current-evidence-on-the-association-of-dietary-patterns-and-bone-health-a-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
Elham Z Movassagh, Hassan Vatanparast
Nutrition is an important modifiable factor that affects bone health. Diet is a complex mixture of nutrients and foods that correlate or interact with each other. Dietary pattern approaches take into account contributions from various aspects of diet. Findings from dietary pattern studies could complement those from single-nutrient and food studies on bone health. In this study we aimed to conduct a scoping review of the literature that assessed the impact of dietary patterns (derived with the use of both a priori and data-driven approaches) on bone outcomes, including bone mineral status, bone biomarkers, osteoporosis, and fracture risk...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092624/changes-in-reticulorumen-content-temperature-and-ph-according-to-time-of-day-and-yearly-seasons
#8
R Antanaitis, V Žilaitis, V Juozaitienė, R Stoškus, M Televičius
The monitoring of rumen content temperature can be useful for the evaluation of cow health condition and heat. The aim of this research was to evaluate the influence of the circadian rhythm (time of day) and season on reticulorumen acidity (pH) and temperatures (RT) in lactating dairy cows. The research was performed on ten 2nd - lactation, clinically healthy Lithuanian Black and White fresh dairy cows (up to 1 day after calving). The cows were milked twice daily at 05:00 and 17:00. The cows were kept in a loose housing system, and were fed a feed ration throughout the year at the same time, balanced according to their physiological needs...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092619/concentration-of-lactoferrin-and-immunoglobulin-g-in-cows-milk-in-relation-to-health-status-of-the-udder-lactation-and-season
#9
K Musayeva, A Sederevičius, R Želvytė, I Monkevičienė, D Beliavska-Aleksiejūnė, S Kerzienė
The aim of this study was to analyze an effect of udder health status, somatic cell count (SCC), stage and number of lactations, and different seasons on the concentration of lactoferrin (LF) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) in quarter milk samples (n=120) from crossbreed (Lithuanian Black-and-White & Holstein) dairy cows. Quarter health status was based on SCC and microbiological analysis. The highest mean value of LF and IgG were observed in quarters with subclinical mastitis 0.1 ± 0.02 mg/ml and 0.41 ± 0.06 mg/ml, respectively...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092150/issues-in-nutrition-dietary-supplements
#10
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
The majority of American adults report use of one or more dietary supplements every day or occasionally. The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 defines dietary supplements and regulates their manufacture and distribution. One of the most commonly used supplements is vitamin D. Measurement of serum levels of vitamin D must be undertaken with the caveats that different laboratories define normal levels differently, and that there is rarely a clinical correlation with the actual level. Patients should understand that supplements should not be used to excess, as there are toxicities and other adverse effects associated with most of them...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088409/genome-wide-association-analysis-and-pathways-enrichment-for-lactation-persistency-in-canadian-holstein-cattle
#11
D N Do, N Bissonnette, P Lacasse, F Miglior, M Sargolzaei, X Zhao, E M Ibeagha-Awemu
Lactation persistency (LP), defined as the rate of declining milk yield after milk peak, is an economically important trait for dairy cattle. Improving LP is considered a good alternative method for increasing overall milk production because it does not cause the negative energy balance and other health issues that cows experience during peak milk production. However, little is known about the biology of LP. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) and pathway enrichment were used to explore the genetic mechanisms underlying LP...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087612/biofilm-formation-and-antimicrobial-resistance-genes-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-isolated-from-cows-with-mastitis-in-argentina
#12
Mariela E Srednik, Yannick D N Tremblay, Josée Labrie, Marie Archambault, Mario Jacques, Fernández Cirelli Alicia, Elida R Gentilini
Mastitis affects the health and welfare of dairy cows worldwide. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) are known to form biofilms and are increasingly recognized as a cause of persistent bovine intramammary infections. A total of 90 CNS isolated from cows with clinical and subclinical mastitis in Argentina from 2008-2014 were identified by PCR-RFLP using the gap gene. Standard microtiter plate assays were used to assess CNS biofilm formation and Staphylococcus haemolyticus species formed the strongest biofilms...
January 12, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077102/effects-of-aqueous-extracts-of-taraxacum-officinale-on-expression-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-and-intracellular-adhesion-molecule-1-in-lps-stimulated-rmmvecs
#13
Ge Hu, Junjie Wang, Dong Hong, Tao Zhang, Huiqin Duan, Xiang Mu, Zuojun Yang
BACKGROUND: Mastitis gives rise to big financial burden to farm industry (mainly dairy production) and public health. Its incidence is currently high and therefore, highly effective treatments for therapy, especially with natural products are required. Taraxacum officinale has been reported to use for anti-inflammation. However, its effect on endothelium during mastitis has not been reported. METHODS: We firstly established inflammation experimental model of rat mammary microvascular endothelial cells (RMMVECs)...
January 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074249/protein-intake-and-risk-of-hip-fractures-in-postmenopausal-women-and-men-age-50-and-older
#14
T T Fung, H E Meyer, W C Willett, D Feskanich
: In this study, we followed postmenopausal women and men aged 50 and above for up to 32 years and found no evidence that higher protein intake increased the risk of hip fracture. Protein intake from specific sources was inversely associated with risk, but these associations appeared to differ by gender. INTRODUCTION: We examined the association between intakes of total and specific sources of protein and hip fracture risk in postmenopausal women and men over 50 years of age...
January 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070597/consumption-of-low-fat-dairy-but-not-whole-fat-dairy-is-inversely-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-in-japanese-adults
#15
Yufei Cui, Cong Huang, Haruki Momma, Zhongyu Ren, Shota Sugiyama, Lei Guan, Kaijun Niu, Ryoichi Nagatomi
PURPOSE: Dairy products have been reported to have various beneficial effects on human health. Although some previous studies have shown relationships between dairy consumption and depressive symptoms, the results of these studies were not consistent. This study aimed to investigate the association between frequency of low- and whole-fat dairy consumption, and depressive symptoms. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 1159 Japanese adults aged 19-83 years...
January 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070532/evaluation-of-scd-and-fasn-gene-expression-in-baluchi-iran-black-and-arman-sheep
#16
Salmani Izadi Mohammad, Naserian Abbas Ali, Nasiri Mohammad Reza, Majidzadeh Heravi Reza, Valizadeh Reza
BACKGROUND: With the increasing concern for health and nutrition, dietary fat has attracted considerable attention. The composition of fatty acids in the diet is important because they are associated with major diseases including cancers, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The fatty acid synthase (FASN) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase (delta-9-desaturase) (SCD) genes affect fatty acid composition (1). The expression of SCD and FASN genes is related to an increase in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in dairy products, which benefits human health...
October 2016: Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065788/western-dietary-pattern-increases-whereas-prudent-dietary-pattern-decreases-risk-of-incident-diverticulitis-in-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Lisa L Strate, Brieze R Keeley, Yin Cao, Kana Wu, Edward L Giovannucci, Andrew T Chan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary fiber is implicated as a risk factor for diverticulitis. Analyses of dietary patterns may provide information on risk beyond those of individual foods or nutrients. We examined whether major dietary patterns are associated with risk of incident diverticulitis. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 46,295 men who were free of diverticulitis and known diverticulosis in 1986 (baseline) using data from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study...
January 5, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062822/improving-health-care-for-spanish-speaking-rural-dairy-farm-workers
#18
Caledonia Buckheit, Dwan Pineros, Ardis Olson, Deborah Johnson, Stephen Genereaux
BACKGROUND: Dartmouth Geisel Migrant Health (DGMH) is a medical student group that provides on-site health services for Spanish-speaking dairy workers in rural Vermont and New Hampshire in conjunction with a federally qualified health center (FQHC). STUDY OBJECTIVE: This project was undertaken to evaluate and improve the services provided by DGMH and the FQHC and to refine understanding of the target population. METHODS: We surveyed 25 workers at 6 collaborating dairy farms to identify health priorities and concerns and perceived barriers and facilitators to health care for these workers...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061789/comparison-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-dietary-intakes-among-javanese-surinamese-and-south-asian-surinamese-in-the-netherlands-the-helius-study
#19
Qaisar Raza, Marieke B Snijder, Jacob C Seidell, Ron J G Peters, Mary Nicolaou
BACKGROUND: Ethnic differences regarding the percent of non-communicable diseases have been shown in Asia but the studies on Asian subgroups living in the western countries regarding percent of cardiovascular risk factors and dietary intakes have been scarce. Therefore we compared the percent of cardiovascular risk factors and dietary intakes between Javanese Surinamese who are originally from Indonesia and South-Asian Surinamese who are originally from India. METHODS: Cross-sectional baseline data of the HELIUS (Healthy Life in an Urban Setting) study were used, including data of 2935 Surinamese participants (197 of Javanese and 2738 of South-Asian origin) out of which 1160 participants (78 Javanese and 1082 South-Asian) additionally reported dietary intake data...
January 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057118/-the-nutrition-status-of-lactating-women-in-china
#20
C X Dong, S A Yin
Nutritional status of lactating women is considered to be a quantitative indicator reflecting the status of reproductive health. To improve nutrition status of lactating women and promote breastfeeding through targeted intervention measures, their dietary and nutritional situations, and related problems, should be fully understood. Generally, energy and macronutrient intake of lactating women can reach or exceed recommended levels, especially during the first month postpartum. However, the intake of some micronutrients is difficult to meet the requirement...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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