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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445513/dietary-patterns-and-all-cause-cancer-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-japanese-men-and-women-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#1
Akiko Nanri, Tetsuya Mizoue, Taichi Shimazu, Junko Ishihara, Ribeka Takachi, Mitsuhiko Noda, Hiroyasu Iso, Shizuka Sasazuki, Norie Sawada, Shoichiro Tsugane
OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis showed an inverse association of a prudent/healthy dietary pattern with all-cause mortality and no association of a western/unhealthy dietary pattern. However, the association of distinctive dietary patterns of Japanese population with mortality remains unclear. We prospectively investigated the association between dietary patterns and all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular disease mortality among Japanese adults. METHODS: Participants were 36,737 men and 44,983 women aged 45-74 years who participated in the second survey of the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study (1995-1998) and who had no history of serious disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444600/antibiotic-sensitivity-pattern-of-indigenous-lactobacilli-isolated-from-curd-and-human-milk-samples
#2
Chetan Sharma, Sachin Gulati, Nishchal Thakur, Brij Pal Singh, Sanjolly Gupta, Simranpreet Kaur, Santosh Kumar Mishra, Anil Kumar Puniya, Jatinder Pal Singh Gill, Harsh Panwar
The gut microbiota plays a vital role in host well-being and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have gained an overwhelming attention as health promoter. This perception has evolved from traditional dairy products to a money-spinning market of probiotics. The safety of probiotics is coupled to their intended use and LAB may act as pool of antimicrobial resistance genes that could be transferred to pathogens, either in food matrix or in gastrointestinal tract, which could be detrimental to host. This study evaluated the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of LAB isolated from curd (20) and human milk (11) samples...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436343/implications-of-feed-concentrate-reduction-in-organic-grassland-based-dairy-systems-a-long-term-on-farm-study
#3
F Leiber, I K Schenk, A Maeschli, S Ivemeyer, J O Zeitz, S Moakes, P Klocke, P Staehli, C Notz, M Walkenhorst
In response to increasing efforts for reducing concentrate inputs to organic dairy production in grassland-rich areas of Europe, a long-term study was conducted, which assessed the impacts of concentrate reductions on cows' performance, health, fertility and average herd age. In total, 42 Swiss commercial organic dairy cattle farms were monitored over 6 years ('Y0', 2008/09 until 'Y5', 2013/14). In comparison with overall data of Swiss herdbooks (including conventional and organic farms), the herds involved in the project had lower milk yields, similar milk solids, shorter calving intervals and higher average lactation numbers...
April 24, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435201/association-of-claw-disorders-with-subclinical-intramammary-infections-in-egyptian-dairy-cows
#4
Walid Refaai, Medhat Gad, Yasser Mahmmod
AIM: Bovine mastitis and lameness are the most common production diseases affecting dairy farms worldwide resulting in huge economic impact and impaired animal welfare. The objective of this field study was to investigate the association of infectious and non-infectious claw disorders with the occurrence of subclinical intramammary infections (IMIs) diagnosed by California mastitis test (CMT) in dairy cows under Egyptian conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 43 dairy cows were included in this field study...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434752/effects-of-intrauterine-infusion-of-escherichia-coli-lipopolysaccharide-on-uterine-health-resolution-of-purulent-vaginal-discharge-and-reproductive-performance-of-lactating-dairy-cows
#5
João G N Moraes, Paula R B Silva, Luís G D Mendonça, Alexandre A Scanavez, Joseane C C Silva, Ricardo C Chebel
The objectives of the current experiment were to evaluate the effects of intrauterine infusion of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in cows diagnosed with purulent vaginal discharge (PVD) on intrauterine cell population, resolution of PVD, uterine health, and reproductive performance. Jersey cows (n = 3,084) were examined using the Metricheck device to diagnose PVD at 35 ± 6 d postpartum. Purulent vaginal discharge was defined as the presence of purulent (≥50% pus) discharge detectable in the vagina...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434750/integrating-an-automated-activity-monitor-into-an-artificial-insemination-program-and-the-associated-risk-factors-affecting-reproductive-performance-of-dairy-cows
#6
Tracy A Burnett, Augusto M L Madureira, Bruna F Silper, A C C Fernandes, Ronaldo L A Cerri
The aim of this study was to compare 2 reproductive programs for the management of first postpartum artificial insemination (AI) based on activity monitors and timed AI, as well as to determine the effect of health-related factors on detection and expression of estrus. Lactating Holstein cows (n = 918) from 2 commercial farms were enrolled. Estrous cycles of all cows were presynchronized with 2 injections of PGF2α administered 2 wk apart. Treatments were (1) first insemination performed by timed AI (TAI) and (2) first insemination based upon the detection of estrus by activity monitors (ACT; Heatime, SCR Engineering, Netanya, Israel) after the presynchronization, whereas cows not inseminated by the detection of estrus were enrolled in the Ovsynch protocol...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434747/bivariate-threshold-models-for-genetic-evaluation-of-susceptibility-to-and-ability-to-recover-from-mastitis-in-danish-holstein-cows
#7
B G Welderufael, L L G Janss, D J de Koning, L P Sørensen, P Løvendahl, W F Fikse
Mastitis in dairy cows is an unavoidable problem and genetic variation in recovery from mastitis, in addition to susceptibility, is therefore of interest. Genetic parameters for susceptibility to and recovery from mastitis were estimated for Danish Holstein-Friesian cows using data from automatic milking systems equipped with online somatic cell count measuring units. The somatic cell count measurements were converted to elevated mastitis risk, a continuous variable [on a (0-1) scale] indicating the risk of mastitis...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434746/supplementing-an-immunomodulatory-feed-ingredient-to-modulate-thermoregulation-physiologic-and-production-responses-in-lactating-dairy-cows-under-heat-stress-conditions
#8
T Leiva, R F Cooke, A P Brandão, K M Schubach, L F D Batista, M F Miranda, E A Colombo, R O Rodrigues, J R G Junior, R L A Cerri, J L M Vasconcelos
This study compared vaginal temperature, physiologic, and productive parameters in lactating dairy cows supplemented or not with Omnigen-AF (Phibro Animal Health, Teaneck, NJ) during the summer months in a tropical environment. Thirty-two lactating, primiparous (n = 16) and multiparous (n = 16) pregnant Holstein × Gir cows were ranked by parity, days in milk, body weight, and body condition score (BCS), and assigned to receive (SUPP; n = 16) or not (CON; n = 16) Omnigen-AF (Phibro Animal Health, Teaneck, NJ) at 56 g/cow daily (as-fed basis)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434737/short-communication-microbiological-quality-of-raw-cow-milk-and-its-association-with-herd-management-practices-in-northern-china
#9
X Y Lan, S G Zhao, N Zheng, S L Li, Y D Zhang, H M Liu, J McKillip, J Q Wang
Contamination of raw milk with bacterial pathogens is potentially hazardous to human health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the total bacteria count (TBC) and presence of pathogens in raw milk in Northern China along with the associated herd management practices. A total of 160 raw milk samples were collected from 80 dairy herds in Northern China. All raw milk samples were analyzed for TBC and pathogens by culturing. The results showed that the number of raw milk samples with TBC <2 × 10(6) cfu/mL and <1 × 10(5) cfu/mL was 146 (91...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434722/prediction-of-milk-fatty-acid-content-with-mid-infrared-spectroscopy-in-canadian-dairy-cattle-using-differently-distributed-model-development-sets
#10
A Fleming, F S Schenkel, J Chen, F Malchiodi, V Bonfatti, R A Ali, B Mallard, M Corredig, F Miglior
The fatty acid profile of milk is a prevailing issue due to the potential negative or positive effects of different fatty acids to human health and nutrition. Mid-infrared spectroscopy can be used to obtain predictions of otherwise costly fatty acid phenotypes in a widespread and rapid manner. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prediction of fatty acid content for the Canadian dairy cattle population from mid-infrared spectral data and to compare the results produced by altering the partial least squares (PLS) model development set used...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432677/development-of-yoghurt-with-ju%C3%A3-ara-pulp-euterpe-edulis-m-and-the-probiotic-lactobacillus-acidophilus-la5
#11
Marina V Geraldi, Fabricio L Tulini, Vanessa M Souza, Elaine C P De Martinis
Yoghurts are dairy products consumed worldwide and can be supplemented with substances that provide extra health benefits as well as probiotic strains. In this context, the present study aimed to prepare a yoghurt added of juçara (Euterpe edulis M.) pulp and the commercial probiotic strain Lactobacillus acidophilus La5. Moreover, the probiotic survival during storage and after in vitro exposure to simulated gastric and enteric conditions was evaluated. Four formulations of yoghurt were prepared: (a) natural yoghurt, (b) yoghurt added of probiotic, (c) yoghurt added of juçara pulp, and (d) yoghurt added of probiotic culture and juçara pulp...
April 21, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430618/t-2-mycotoxin-toxicological-effects-and-decontamination-strategies
#12
REVIEW
Manish Adhikari, Bhawana Negi, Neha Kaushik, Anupriya Adhikari, Abdulaziz A Al-Khedhairy, Nagendra Kumar Kaushik, Eun Ha Choi
Mycotoxins are highly diverse secondary metabolites produced in nature by a wide variety of fungus which causes food contamination, resulting in mycotoxicosis in animals and humans. In particular, trichothecenes mycotoxin produced by genus fusarium is agriculturally more important worldwide due to the potential health hazards they pose. It is mainly metabolized and eliminated after ingestion, yielding more than 20 metabolites with the hydroxy trichothecenes-2 toxin being the major metabolite. Trichothecene is hazardously intoxicating due to their additional potential to be topically absorbed, and their metabolites affect the gastrointestinal tract, skin, kidney, liver, and immune and hematopoietic progenitor cellular systems...
February 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430140/-eat-as-if-you-could-save-the-planet-and-win-sustainability-integration-into-nutrition-for-exercise-and-sport
#13
Nanna Meyer, Alba Reguant-Closa
Today's industrial food production contributes significantly to environmental degradation. Meat production accounts for the largest impact, including greenhouse gas emissions, land and water use. While food production and consumption are important aspects when addressing climate change, this article focuses predominantly on dietary change that promotes both health for planet and people with focus on athletes. Healthy, sustainable eating recommendations begin to appear in various governmental guidelines. However, there remains resistance to the suggested reductions in meat consumption...
April 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428781/analysis-of-the-listeria-monocytogenes-population-structure-among-isolates-from-1931-to-2015-in-australia
#14
Amy V Jennison, Jesse J Masson, Ning-Xia Fang, Rikki M Graham, Mark I Bradbury, Narelle Fegan, Kari S Gobius, Trudy M Graham, Christine J Guglielmino, Janelle L Brown, Edward M Fox
Listeriosis remains among the most important bacterial illnesses, with a high associated mortality rate. Efforts to control listeriosis require detailed knowledge of the epidemiology of the disease itself, and its etiological bacterium, Listeria monocytogenes. In this study we provide an in-depth analysis of the epidemiology of 224 L. monocytogenes isolates from Australian clinical and non-clinical sources. Non-human sources included meat, dairy, seafood, fruit, and vegetables, along with animal and environmental isolates...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427433/prevalence-of-subclinical-mastitis-in-finnish-dairy-cows-changes-during-recent-decades-and-impact-of-cow-and-herd-factors
#15
Heidi Hiitiö, Johanna Vakkamäki, Heli Simojoki, Tiina Autio, Jouni Junnila, Sinikka Pelkonen, Satu Pyörälä
BACKGROUND: The dairy industry has undergone substantial structural changes as intensive farming has developed during recent decades. Mastitis continues to be the most common production disease of dairy cows. Nationwide surveys of mastitis prevalence are useful in monitoring udder health of dairy herds and to study the impact of structural changes on the dairy industry. This survey on bovine subclinical mastitis was the first based on cow composite milk somatic cell count (SCC) data from the Finnish national health monitoring and milk recording database...
April 20, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424507/heat-stress-in-dairy-cattle-alters-lipid-composition-of-milk
#16
Z Liu, V Ezernieks, J Wang, N Wanni Arachchillage, J B Garner, W J Wales, B G Cocks, S Rochfort
Heat stress, potentially affecting both the health of animals and the yield and composition of milk, occurs frequently in tropical, sub-tropical and temperate regions. A simulated acute heat stress experiment was conducted in controlled-climate chambers and milk samples collected before, during and after the heat challenge. Milk lipid composition, surveyed using LC-MS, showed significant changes in triacylglycerol (TAG) and polar lipid profiles. Heat stress (temperature-humidity index up to 84) was associated with a reduction in TAG groups containing short- and medium-chain fatty acids and a concomitant increase in those containing long-chain fatty acids...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424256/dietary-patterns-and-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#17
Franziska Jannasch, Janine Kröger, Matthias B Schulze
Background: Different methodologic approaches for constructing dietary patterns and differences in their composition limit conclusions on healthful patterns for diabetes prevention.Objective: We summarized evidence from prospective studies that examined associations of dietary patterns with type 2 diabetes by considering different methodologic approaches.Methods: The literature search (MEDLINE and Web of Science) identified prospective studies (cohorts or trials) that associated dietary patterns with diabetes incidence in nondiabetic and apparently healthy participants...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424192/sodium-sugar-and-fat-content-of-complementary-infant-and-toddler-foods-sold-in-the-united-states-2015
#18
Joyce Maalouf, Mary E Cogswell, Marlana Bates, Keming Yuan, Kelley S Scanlon, Pamela Pehrsson, Janelle P Gunn, Robert K Merritt
Background: As part of a healthy diet, limiting intakes of excess sodium, added sugars, saturated fat, and trans fat has been recommended. The American Heart Association recommends that children aged <2 y should avoid added sugars.Objective: We sought to determine commercial complementary infant-toddler food categories that were of potential concern because of the sodium, added sugar, saturated fat, or trans fat content.Design: Nutrition label information (e.g., serving size, sodium, saturated fat, trans fat) for 1032 infant and toddler foods was collected from manufacturers' websites and stores from May to July 2015 for 24 brands, which accounted for >95% of infant-toddler food sales...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422330/genetic-relationships-among-female-fertility-disorders-female-fertility-traits-and-productivity-of-holstein-dairy-cows-in-the-early-lactation-period
#19
E Gernand, S König
Fertility health disorders from the early lactation period including retained placenta (REPLA), metritis (MET), corpus luteum persistence (CLP), anoestria/acyclia (AOEAC) and ovarial cysts (OC), as well as overall disease categories (disorders during the postpartal period (DPP), ovary infertility (OINF), overall trait definition "fertility disorders" (FD)), were used to estimate genetic (co)variance components with female fertility and test-day traits. The disease data set comprised 25,142 Holstein cows from parities 1, 2 and 3 resulting in 43,584 lactations...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421143/the-dual-burden-of-malnutrition-and-associated-dietary-and-lifestyle-habits-among-lebanese-school-age-children-living-in-orphanages-in-north-lebanon
#20
Germine El-Kassas, Fouad Ziade
Childhood is a crucial period affecting physical and intellectual development. Although children living in orphanages are among the most vulnerable groups at risk of malnutrition, there is scarcity of data concerning their nutritional status in Lebanon. To investigate these data, a cross-sectional survey was conducted including a sample of 153 institutionalized children aged 5-14 years from all orphanages in Tripoli. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric, clinical, and dietary tools. Interpretation of anthropometric data showed that 13...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
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