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Troponin ultra sensitive

Alexandre de Matos Soeiro, Danielle Menosi Gualandro, Aline Siqueira Bossa, Cindel Nogueira Zullino, Bruno Biselli, Maria Carolina Feres de Almeida Soeiro, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres Leal, Carlos Vicente Serrano, Mucio Tavares de Oliveira Junior
INTRODUCTION: Despite having higher sensitivity as compared to conventional troponins, sensitive troponins have lower specificity, mainly in patients with renal failure. OBJECTIVE: Study aimed at assessing the sensitive troponin I levels in patients with chest pain, and relating them to the existence of significant coronary lesions. METHODS: Retrospective, single-center, observational. This study included 991 patients divided into two groups: with (N = 681) and without (N = 310) significant coronary lesion...
January 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Wenchao Zhou, Kaiwei Li, Youlian Wei, Peng Hao, Mingbo Chi, Yongshun Liu, Yihui Wu
Sensitive detection of cardiac biomarkers is critical for clinical diagnostics of myocardial infarction (MI) while such detection is quite challenging due to the ultra-low concentration of cardiac biomarkers. In this work, a label-free immunosensor based on optical microfiber coupler (OMC) has been developed for the ultrasensitive detection of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), a selective and highly sensitive biomarker of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). CTnI monoclonal antibodies were immobilized on the surface of the fiber through polyelectrolyte layer using layer-by-layer deposition technique...
May 30, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Nan Zhang, Kaiwei Li, Ying Cui, Zhifang Wu, Perry Ping Shum, Jean-Louis Auguste, Xuan Quyen Dinh, Georges Humbert, Lei Wei
All-in-fiber optofluidics is an analytical tool that provides enhanced sensing performance with simplified analyzing system design. Currently, its advance is limited either by complicated liquid manipulation and light injection configuration or by low sensitivity resulting from inadequate light-matter interaction. In this work, we design and fabricate a side-channel photonic crystal fiber (SC-PCF) and exploit its versatile sensing capabilities in in-line optofluidic configurations. The built-in microfluidic channel of the SC-PCF enables strong light-matter interaction and easy lateral access of liquid samples in these analytical systems...
February 13, 2018: Lab on a Chip
Dirk L Christensen, Diana Espino, Rocío Infante-Ramírez, Mónica S Cervantes-Borunda, Rosa P Hernández-Torres, Antonio E Rivera-Cisneros, Daniel Castillo, Kate Westgate, Dijana Terzic, Soren Brage, Christian Hassager, Jens P Goetze, Jesper Kjaergaard
Background: The Mexican Tarahumara are accustomed to running ultra-distance races. No data exist on the acute physiological changes following ultra-distance running and physiological-biomarker associations in this population. Thus, we aimed to investigate the acute impact (≤ 24 h) on functional and biochemical changes of the cardiac muscle and biochemical changes associated with kidney function following a 63-km ultra-distance race with an altitude difference of 1800 m in Mexican Tarahumara athletes...
2017: Extreme Physiology & Medicine
Mitchell D Datlow, Kelly M Gray, Adriel Watts, Deborah B Diercks, Bryn E Mumma
When screening for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), troponin levels below the 99th percentile, including those below the limit of detection (LOD), are considered normal. We hypothesized that a low-risk HEART score (0-3) or ACS Pretest Probability Assessment <2% plus a single troponin below the LOD would rule out both AMI and 30-day major adverse cardiac events (MACE). We studied all patients who presented to a single academic emergency department and received a troponin I (Siemens Ultra Troponin I) from September 1, 2013, to November 13, 2013 (n=888)...
December 2017: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
Keum-Soo Song, Satish Balasaheb Nimse, Mukesh Digambar Sonawane, Yahui Lin, Zhou Zhou, Taisun Kim
A glass fibre membrane platform that allows quantification of circulating cTnT with a LoD of 0.87 pg mL(-1) is described. The proposed platform uses a glass fibre membrane, DNA-guided detection method, and antibody-conjugated fluorescent beads for the quantification of cTnT in the analytical detection range of 1-120 pg mL(-1) at room temperature in 30 min. Glass fibre membranes were chemically modified to immobilize the oligonucleotide probes that catch a biomolecular complex (FB-dAB-cTnT-cAB-DNA) containing complementary oligonucleotides...
September 27, 2017: Analyst
Tong Liu, Li-Li Liang, Peng Xiao, Li-Peng Sun, Yun-Yun Huang, Yang Ran, Long Jin, Bai-Ou Guan
Fiber optics evanescent field based biosensor is an excellent candidate for label-free detection of cardiac biomarkers which is of great importance in rapid, early, and accurate diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In this paper, we report a compact and sensitive cardiac troponin I (cTn-I) immunosensor based on the phase-shifted microfiber Bragg grating probe which is functionalized. The fine reflective signal induced by the phase shift in modulation significantly improves the spectral resolution, enabling the ability of the sensor in perceiving an ultra-small refractive index change due to the specific capture of the cTn-I antigens...
September 4, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Bernhard M Kaess, Tonia de Las Heras Gala, Astrid Zierer, Christa Meisinger, Simone Wahl, Annette Peters, John Todd, Christian Herder, Cornelia Huth, Barbara Thorand, Wolfgang Koenig
Troponins are sensitive markers of myocardial injury and predictive of cardiovascular events, but conventional assays fail to detect slightly elevated troponins in a considerable proportion of the general population. Using a novel ultrasensitive assay, we explored the relationship of troponin levels with the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in a case-cohort sample (mean age 52.5 ± 0.2 years, 51.5% women) comprising 803 CHD cases and 1942 non-cases. Ultrasensitive troponin I was detectable in 99...
July 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
Xue-Miao Tang, Hao Chen, Yu Liu, Bin-Lian Huang, Xiu-Quan Zhang, Jian-Mei Yuan, Xia He
The cardiac safety of cetuximab, particularly as single approach, has not been investigated extensively. This trial was designed to evaluate the cardiac safety of cetuximab as salvage monotherapy in Chinese chemotherapy-refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients.Cetuximab was administrated at an initial dose of 400 mg/mon day 1 (week 1), followed by a maintenance dose of 250 mg/m on day 1 of each 7-day cycle. Electrocardiograph (ECG), routine laboratory tests, and troponin I (TNI) Ultra were performed at baseline, during, and after the cetuximab therapy...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Simon A Mahler, Jason P Stopyra, Fred S Apple, Robert F Riley, Gregory B Russell, Brian C Hiestand, James W Hoekstra, Cedric W Lefebvre, Bret A Nicks, David M Cline, Kim L Askew, David M Herrington, Gregory L Burke, Chadwick D Miller
OBJECTIVES: The HEART Pathway combines a decision aid and serial contemporary cardiac troponin I (cTnI) measures to achieve >99% sensitivity for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 30days and early discharge rates >20%. However, the impact of integrating high-sensitivity troponin (hs-cTn) measures into the HEART Pathway has yet to be determined. In this analysis we compare test characteristics of the HEART Pathway using hs-cTnI, hs-cTnT, or cTnI. DESIGN & METHODS: A secondary analysis of participants enrolled in the HEART Pathway RCT was conducted...
May 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
Deepika Bhatnagar, Inderpreet Kaur, Ashok Kumar
An ultrasensitive cardiac troponin I antibody conjugated with graphene quantum dots (GQD) and polyamidoamine (PAMAM) nanohybrid modified gold electrode based sensor was developed for the rapid detection of heart attack (myocardial infarction) in human. Screen printed gold (Au) electrode was decorated with 4-aminothiophenol for amine functionalization of the Au surface. These amino groups were further coupled with carboxyl functionalities of GQD with EDC-NHS reaction. In order to enhance the sensitivity of the sensor, PAMAM dendrimer was successively embedded on GQD through carbodiimide coupling to provide ultra-high surface area for antibody immobilization...
February 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Nicolas Faller, Andreas Limacher, Marie Méan, Marc Righini, Markus Aschwanden, Jürg Hans Beer, Beat Frauchiger, Josef Osterwalder, Nils Kucher, Bernhard Lämmle, Jacques Cornuz, Anne Angelillo-Scherrer, Christian M Matter, Marc Husmann, Martin Banyai, Daniel Staub, Lucia Mazzolai, Olivier Hugli, Nicolas Rodondi, Drahomir Aujesky
BACKGROUND: Long-term predictors and causes of death are understudied in elderly patients with acute venous thromboembolism. METHODS: We prospectively followed up 991 patients aged ≥65 years with acute venous thromboembolism in a multicenter Swiss cohort study. The primary outcome was overall mortality. We explored the association between patient baseline characteristics and mortality, adjusting for other baseline variables and periods of anticoagulation as a time-varying covariate...
February 2017: American Journal of Medicine
William J Reagan, Robert Barnes, Peter Harris, Sandy Summers, Sarah Lopes, Makeida Stubbs, David Blackwell, Jill Steidl-Nichols
Limited information has been published on the use of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) as a biomarker of cardiac injury in monkeys. The purpose of these studies was to characterize the cTnI response seen in cynomolgus macaques during routine dosing and blood collection procedures typically used in preclinical safety studies and to better understand the pathogenesis of this response. We measured cTnI using two different methods, the Siemens Immulite cTnI assay and the more sensitive Siemens Troponin I-Ultra assay. We were able to demonstrate that after oral, subcutaneous, or intravenous dosing of common vehicles, as well as serial chair restraint for venipuncture blood collection, that minimal to mild transient increases in cTnI could be detected in monkeys with both assays...
February 2017: Toxicologic Pathology
S Badiou, A Boudet, H Leray-Moragues, A Rodriguez, A S Bargnoux, A M Dupuy, J P Cristol
PURPOSE OF RESEARCH: Circulating cardiac troponin (cTn) has been identified as a risk factor for cardiovascular and overall mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis. However, its interpretation remains difficult due to the high prevalence of patients with cTn level beyond the 99th percentile. Determining the cTn reference change value (RCV) may help in assessing a clinically significant change of cTn during regular follow-up of patients. We aimed to determine the long-term RCV of cTn in such patients and to calculate the perdialytic reduction rate of cTn...
October 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
Richard Body, Christian Mueller, Evangelos Giannitsis, Michael Christ, Jorge Ordonez-Llanos, Christopher R de Filippi, Richard Nowak, Mauro Panteghini, Tomas Jernberg, Mario Plebani, Franck Verschuren, John K French, Robert Christenson, Silvia Weiser, Garnet Bendig, Peter Dilba, Bertil Lindahl
BACKGROUND: Recent single-center and retrospective studies suggest that acute myocardial infarction (AMI) could be immediately excluded without serial sampling in patients with initial high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) levels below the limit of detection (LoD) of the assay and no electrocardiogram (ECG) ischemia. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the external validity of those findings in a multicenter study at 12 sites in nine countries. METHODS: TRAPID-AMI was a prospective diagnostic cohort study including patients with suspected cardiac chest pain within 6 hours of peak symptoms...
September 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Shahram Taheri, Ali Asghar Pilehvarian, Nafiseh Akbari, Samane Musavi, Afsoon Emami Naeini
OBJECTIVE: Patients on hemodialysis (HD) have a high risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Cardiac troponins are biomarkers for diagnosing acute myocardial injury or infarction. There is considerable controversy that exists in the frequency and significance of cardiac troponins in predicting cardiac injury and ischemia in HD patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all HD patients more than 18-year-old, who were at least 3 months under HD, and had no sign and symptom of active cardiovascular disease (CVD), in two HD centers were enrolled...
April 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
Aldo Clerico, Andrea Ripoli, Silvia Masotti, Concetta Prontera, Simona Storti, Antonio Fortunato, Paola Buzzi, Ivo Casagranda, Maria Franzini, Rudina Ndreu, Gian Carlo Zucchelli, Martina Zaninotto, Mario Plebani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether it is possible to reduce the between-methods variability of troponin I (cTnI) immunoassays using mathematical algorithms calculated from the results of both patients' samples and quality control materials distributed in an external quality assessment (EQA) scheme. METHODS: We collected 122 heparinized plasma samples of patients admitted to the emergency department with thoracic pain or supraventricular tachyarrhythmia...
May 1, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Fabrizio Ricci, Rosa Di Scala, Cristiano Massacesi, Marta Di Nicola, Gianni Cremonese, Doranna De Pace, Serena Rossi, Irma Griffo, Ivana Cataldo, Stefano Martinotti, Domenico Rotondo, Allan S Jaffe, Marco Zimarino, Raffaele De Caterina
OBJECTIVES: We tested the noninferiority of a fast-track rule-out protocol for the diagnosis of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction vs noncoronary chest pain based on the single-sampling combined assessment of medium-sensitivity cardiac troponin I and ultra-sensitive copeptin compared with the serial assessment of medium-sensitivity cardiac troponin I. METHODS: Ultra-sensitive copeptin and medium-sensitivity cardiac troponin I levels were measured at presentation in 196 consecutive patients admitted to the emergency department for acute nontraumatic chest pain within 6 hours from symptoms onset and without ST-segment elevation on a 12-lead electrocardiogram...
January 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Affan Irfan, Tobias Reichlin, Raphael Twerenbold, Clarissa Fischer, Paola Ballarino, Berit Nelles, Karin Wildi, Christa Zellweger, Maria Rubini Gimenez, Mira Mueller, Philip Haaf, Andreas Fischer, Heike Freidank, Stefan Osswald, Christian Mueller
OBJECTIVE: We explored whether hemodynamic cardiac stress leads to a differential release of cardiomyocyte injury biomarkers, used in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: In an observational international multicenter study, we enrolled 831 unselected patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of AMI to the emergency department. The final diagnosis was adjudicated by two independent cardiologists. Hemodynamic cardiac stress was quantified by levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP)...
December 2015: Clinical Biochemistry
Nazia Parveen, K N Subhakumari, Sajitha Krishnan
In recent years, an important objective of cardiovascular research has been to find new markers that would improve the risk stratification and diagnosis of patients presenting with symptoms of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Established biomarkers for diagnosis of ACS includes troponins and creatine kinase MB (CK-MB). Pregnancy associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) is an emerging marker which has been described as a marker of plaque instability. PAPP-A is a large metalloproteinase involved in insulin-like growth factor signaling and has been shown to be involved in pathological processes like atherosclerosis...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
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