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IV sedation

Hamid Mazdak, Amir Mohamad Abtahi, Fatemeh Momeni, Mohammad Hossein Izadpanahi
Background: We aim to compare the degree of pain control and complications in three types of anesthesia using periprostatic nerve block (PPNB) plus intrarectal local anesthesia (IRLA), low-dose spinal anesthesia, and intravenous (IV) sedation in patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy. Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial study, 106 patients were participated from December 2015 to December 2016 at Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Isabel Atencio, Max Beushausen, John J Kowalczyk, Andres Flores-Hidalgo, Nora Fitzgerald, Dale A Baur
PURPOSE: Currently, there is a concern at the national level of the overuse of both prescription and nonprescription opioid use. The purpose of this study was to identify whether the use of the intravenous (IV) formulation of acetaminophen (Ofirmev; Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals, Staines-upon-Thames, United Kingdom) is an effective tool in the reduction of postoperative pain, with a secondary goal of reduction of postoperative narcotic use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 72 patients with previously diagnosed either partial bony or complete bony impacted third molars were selected with care to avoid long-acting local anesthetics or dissociative anesthetic agents...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Asad A Khawaja, Dmitry Tumin, Ralph J Beltran, Joseph D Tobias, Joshua C Uffman
OBJECTIVES: General anesthesia or sedation can facilitate the completion of diagnostic radiological studies in children. We evaluated the incidence, predictors, and causes of adverse events (AEs) when general anesthesia is provided for diagnostic radiological imaging. METHODS: Deidentified data from 24 pediatric tertiary care hospitals participating in the Wake-Up Safe registry during 2010-2015 were obtained for analysis. Children 18 years or younger receiving general anesthesia for radiological procedures were identified using Current Procedural Terminology codes, and reported AEs were analyzed if they were associated with anesthetic care at magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography locations...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
M Barletta, S M Ostenkamp, A C Taylor, J Quandt, B D X Lascelles, K M Messenger
Buprenorphine is a partial μ agonist opioid used for analgesia in dogs. An extended-release formulation (ER-buprenorphine) has been shown to provide effective analgesia for 72 hr in rats and mice. Six healthy mongrel dogs were enrolled in a randomized, blinded crossover design to describe and compare the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of ER-buprenorphine administered subcutaneous at 0.2 mg/kg (ER-B) and commercially available buprenorphine for injection intravenously at 0.02 mg/kg (IV-B). After drug administration, serial blood samples were collected to measure plasma buprenorphine concentrations using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry detection...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Catherine J A Williams, Aage K O Alstrup, Mads F Bertelsen, Heidi M Jensen, Cleo A C Leite, Tobias Wang
Alfaxalone is becoming a popular anesthetic for nonmammalian vertebrates, but the physiological effects of its administration remain largely unknown in these taxa. Therefore, the cardiovascular responses to a clinically relevant dose of alfaxalone (10 mg/kg) are reported in the bullfrog ( Lithobates catesbeianus), following intramuscular (IM) and intravascular (IV) administration (via a femoral artery catheter) and compared with an IV dose of propofol, another parenteral GABA (γ-aminobutyric acid) agonist in common veterinary use as an induction agent...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
John W Barrington, Ryan N Hansen, Belinda Lovelace, Elaine A Böing, Morad Chughtai, Jared M Newman, An T Pham, Anton Khlopas, Nipun Sodhi, Assem A Sultan, Michael A Mont
Postoperative pain remains difficult to control after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). While various modalities have been used, they have been associated with several side effects. For example, opioids have many side effects including: sedation, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, constipation, respiratory depression, and can lead to dependency. Recently, intravenous (IV) acetaminophen has been introduced as a method to manage postoperative pain. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the postoperative outcomes of TKA patients who received oral acetaminophen versus IV acetaminophen...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Jamie L Miller, Peter N Johnson, Kari Harkey, R Michael Siatkowski
OBJECTIVES: This study describes outcomes of intravenous (IV) analgesics and sedatives for bedside intravitreal bevacizumab injections for retinopathy of prematurity. METHODS: This retrospective study included infants receiving intravitreal bevacizumab injections between January 2012 and May 2016. Infants were excluded if bevacizumab was administered under general anesthesia or for incomplete records. Data collection included demographics, sedation and analgesia regimen, and cardiopulmonary adverse events (AEs)...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Dragana Radovanović, Zoran Radovanović, Svetlana Škorić-Jokić, Milanka Tatić, Aljoša Mandić, Tatjana Ivković-Kapicl
The aim of the study was to compare thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) and intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) after open colorectal cancer surgery. This prospective study included sixty patients scheduled for elective open colorectal surgery and randomized to either postoperative IV-PCA with morphine (n=30) or TEA with a mixture of levobupivacaine, fentanyl and adrenaline (n=30). Th e primary outcome was return of bowel function. The secondary outcome was quality of postoperative analgesia at rest, on coughing and during mobilization...
June 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
Isabelle Kilcoyne, Jorge E Nieto, Heather K Knych, Julie E Dechant
OBJECTIVE To determine the maximum concentration (Cmax) of amikacin and time to Cmax (Tmax) in the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint in horses after IV regional limb perfusion (IVRLP) by use of the cephalic vein. ANIMALS 9 adult horses. PROCEDURES Horses were sedated and restrained in a standing position and then subjected to IVRLP (2 g of amikacin sulfate diluted to 60 mL with saline [0.9% NaCl] solution) by use of the cephalic vein. A pneumatic tourniquet was placed 10 cm proximal to the accessory carpal bone...
March 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Miranda J Sadar, Heather K Knych, Tracy L Drazenovich, Joanne R Paul-Murphy
OBJECTIVE To determine pharmacokinetics and sedative effects of buprenorphine after IV and oral transmucosal (OTM) administration in guinea pigs. ANIMALS 14 male guinea pigs (6 adults for preliminary experiment; eight 8 to 11-week-old animals for primary study). PROCEDURES A preliminary experiment was conducted to determine an appropriate buprenorphine dose. In the primary study, buprenorphine (0.2 mg/kg) was administered IV or OTM, and blood samples were obtained. The pH of the oral cavity was measured before OTM administration...
March 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
A Yu Zaytcev, K V Dubrovin, V A Svetlov
BACKGROUND: The development of modern video - and endoscopic equipment allows for revision and adjust to modern protocols for maintaining patency of the difficult airway, especially in maxillofacial or ENT -surgery. THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Comparison the efficacy ofvarious methods of maintaining the airway patency in the practice of reconstructive maxillofacial surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 89 patients, who were divided into 4 groups, were examined...
September 2017: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
A Demonte, M B Guanti, S Liberati, A Biffi, F Fernando, M Fainello, P Pepe
OBJECTIVE: Bilastine is a highly selective, non-sedating antihistamine, indicated for the symptomatic treatment of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and urticaria. Available data suggest that bilastine interferes neither with driving ability nor with flying-related performance. However, no data are available on the effect of bilastine on the driving ability in extreme conditions. Here we analyzed the effect of 7 days treatment with 20 mg bilastine in patients with allergic rhinitis and/or chronic urticaria, on psychophysical performance assessed by the Formula One (F1) high-speed simulator-driving test...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Michael Huss, Bryan Dirks, Joan Gu, Brigitte Robertson, Jeffrey H Newcorn, J Antoni Ramos-Quiroga
Data are reported from SPD503-318, a phase 3, open-label, safety study of guanfacine extended release (GXR) in European children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants received dose-optimized GXR (1-7 mg/day) for up to 2 years. Of 215 enrolled participants, 214 were included in the safety population and 133 completed the study. Participants' mean age was 11.7 years and 73.8% were male. Overall, 177 participants (82.7%) experienced a treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE)...
February 13, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Haisam Atta, Mohamed F Mostafa, Mahmoud Shalaby
Background: Transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUSPB) is considered the procedure of choice for the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Men undergoing this biopsy experience high psychological stress. Different studies recommend techniques as sedation, lidocaine gel intrarectally, periprostatic nerve block alone, or nitrous oxide inhalation as effective methods of analgesia during procedural-related pain or discomfort. We evaluated three techniques for pain relief during TRUSPB and evaluated if there was any increase in the incidence of complications when employing either technique...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Yogita Patil, Suyog Bagade, Nilesh Patil, Nalini Jadhav
Background and Aims: Desflurane and sevoflurane are inhalational anesthetics which provide stable intraoperative hemodynamics and rapid emergence from anesthesia. Dexmedetomidine is an α2-agonist with sedative and hypnotic effects. We compared recovery following anesthesia with a combination of a continuous intravenous infusion of dexmedetomidine and desflurane or sevoflurane in cases of spine surgeries because no such data are available from India. Material and Methods: It was a single-blind, prospective, randomized study...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Preeti Sharma, Satinder Gombar, Vanita Ahuja, Aditi Jain, Usha Dalal
Background and Aims: Sevoflurane is an excellent but expensive anesthetic agent for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. To decrease sevoflurane consumption during surgery adjuvants like dexmedetomidine may be used. Dexmedetomidine is a recently introduced drug which alleviates the stress response of surgery, produces sedation and analgesia. We aimed to evaluate sevoflurane sparing effect of dexmedetomidine in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under entropy-guided general anesthesia (GA)...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
C Mac Giolla Phadraig, C Griffiths, P McCallion, M McCarron, E Donnelly-Swift, J Nunn
OBJECTIVE: To report frequency and predictors of reported pharmacological behaviour support use among older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) accessing dental care in Ireland. METHODS: Data from a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of adults with ID over 40 years of age allowed identification of the reported frequency of pharmacological behaviour support use. Predictors of pharmacological support were identified using multiple logistic regression...
February 5, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Michael K Urban, Kristy M Labib, Shane C Reid, Amanda K Goon, Valeria Rotundo, Frank P Cammisa, Federico P Girardi
Background: The treatment of postoperative pain is a challenge after posterior spinal fusions. Pain management using predominantly opioids is often associated with multiple adverse effects, while multimodal postoperative analgesia may provide adequate pain relief with fewer opioid side effects. Questions/Purposes: The purpose of this review is to determine whether addition of 150 mg pregabalin daily would reduce narcotic requirements and improve outcomes after posterior lumbar fusion (PLF)...
February 2018: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Waldemar Gozdzik, Stanisław Zielinski, Marzena Zielinska, Kornel Ratajczak, Piotr Skrzypczak, Sylwia Rodziewicz, Andrzej Kübler, Kalle Löfström, Piotr Dziegiel, Mateusz Olbromski, Barbara Adamik, Stanislaw Ryniak, Piotr Harbut, Johanna Albert, Claes Frostell
This study evaluated the effects of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) therapy combined with intravenous (IV) corticosteroids on hemodynamics, selected cytokines, and kidney messenger RNA toll-like receptor 4 (mRNA TLR4) expression in ischemia-reperfusion injury animal model. The primary endpoint was the evaluation of circulatory, respiratory, and renal function over time. We also investigated the profile of selected cytokines and high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein, as well as renal mRNA TLR4 activation determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Mark W Tenn, Lisa M Steacy, Charlene C Ng, Anne K Ellis
Background: Loratadine is a second-generation, non-sedating antihistamine used for the relief of allergic rhinitis symptoms. Previous studies reported that when loratadine was encapsulated, the onset of action for symptom relief was 180 min. However, unmodified loratadine tablets were not evaluated at that time. Using data from a previously published Environmental Exposure Unit (EEU) study comparing azelastine nasal spray with loratadine tablets, cetirizine tablets, and placebo, this post hoc analysis determines the onset of action of loratadine tablets (i...
2018: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
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