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Dental anesthesiology

Dina A Chehab, Thomas Tanbonliong, Joshua Peyser, Richard Udin
The purpose of this prospective cross-sectional study was to determine whether body mass index (BMI) is associated with dental development in Hispanic children when compared to their chronologic age and expected dental development. The study enrolled 265 healthy (American Society of Anesthesiology Class I), 6- to 12-year-old Hispanic children. A BMI was calculated from each child's height and weight, and a panoramic radiograph was taken at the same appointment. Subjects were enrolled into 1 of 2 groups: a control group with BMIs classified as underweight/average (less than 85th percentile) and a group with BMIs classified as overweight/obese (85th percentile or greater)...
July 2017: General Dentistry
Sivaraman Prakasam, Patrick Brady, Veeratrishul Allareddy, Sankeerth Rampa, Kyungsup Shin, Romesh Nalliah, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
The Dental Residency Match (DRM) program provides an ethical and unbiased selection process for applicants to postdoctoral dental programs, based on mutual interests of applicants and programs. The aims of this study were to conduct a descriptive analysis of DRM metrics for the years 2008 to 2015 and to test the hypothesis that there was a difference in number of ranks submitted between programs that filled all their offered positions and those that did not. DRM metrics data from years 2008 to 2015 were obtained from the National Matching Service...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
BACKGROUND: Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. OBJECTIVE: To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. DESIGN: We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
2016: Global Health Action
Yu Cong
The topic of eliminating the fear or pain of patients during dental therapy is gaining increasing attention from dentists across the country. The field of painless dental therapeutics involves a wide range of subjects, including stomatology, anesthesiology, and hospital management. We summarized the characteristics of sedation and analgesia technology in outpatient oral therapy, reviewed the common sedative and analgesic treatments, and discussed the disputes on the use of sedation and analgesia in dental procedures...
December 2015: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Michelle Wong, Peter E Copp, Daniel A Haas
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity, and duration of postoperative pain in children undergoing general anesthesia for dentistry. This prospective cross-sectional study included 33 American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) Class I and II children 4-6 years old requiring multiple dental procedures, including at least 1 extraction, and/or pulpectomy, and/or pulpotomy of the primary dentition. Exclusion criteria were children who were developmentally delayed, cognitively impaired, born prematurely, taking psychotropic medications, or recorded baseline pain or analgesic use...
2015: Anesthesia Progress
Jeffrey D Bennett, Kyle J Kramer, Robert C Bosack
BACKGROUND: Deep sedation and general anesthesia are administered daily in dental offices, most commonly by oral and maxillofacial surgeons and dentist anesthesiologists. METHODS: The goal of deep sedation or general anesthesia is to establish a safe environment in which the patient is comfortable and cooperative. This requires meticulous care in which the practitioner balances the patient's depth of sedation and level of responsiveness while maintaining airway integrity, ventilation, and cardiovascular hemodynamics...
September 2015: Journal of the American Dental Association
Umberto Genovese, Alberto Blandino, Riccardo Midolo, Michelangelo B Casali
BACKGROUND: Medical malpractice is currently a crucial topic and anesthesia is a key specialty for the improvement of patient safety. However, death and permanent impairment due to anesthesia still occur and studies of insurance analysis data are increasing. We investigated the main features of a major Italian insurance broker's archive in order to identify possible recurrent pitfalls in this critical field of medicine. METHODS: Three hundred seventeen Italian claims were analyzed, filling out a standardized form that recorded information on patient and physician's characteristics, procedures, sequence and location of events and outcomes...
February 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Hisham Yehia El Batawi
AIM: To investigate the possible effects of preoperative oral Midazolam on parental separation anxiety, emergence delirium, and post-anesthesia care unit time on children undergoing dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia. METHODS: Randomized, prospective, double-blind study. Seventy-eight American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) I children were divided into two groups of 39 each. Children of the first group were premedicated with oral Midazolam 0.5 mg/kg, while children of the control group were premedicated with a placebo...
March 2015: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Francis Collier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: SAAD Digest
Khaled Mahmoud-Tawfik, Ellie Heidari, David Craig, Abdel Rahman Tawfik
OBJECTIVE: This research explores the attitudes of medical professionals towards fasting patients prior to the use of conscious sedation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Questionnaires were completed by a total of 113 dentists, anaesthetists and dental nurses in order to identify current practices and opinions concerning the employment of pre-operative fasting in the context of conscious sedation in dentistry. RESULTS: Seventy-eight (69%) respondents did not recommend fasting, compared with 35 (31%) who did...
January 2015: SAAD Digest
Humphrey Lam, Roy Kiberenge, Thanh Nguyen, Jenna Helmer Sobey, Thomas Austin
A 3-year-old male with isovaleric acidemia presented for dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia. In times of stress, such as in the perioperative period, patients with isovaleric acidemia are at greater risk for morbidity and mortality from disordered metabolism, including glucose disturbances, hyperammonemia, hypocalcemia, and non-anion gap metabolic acidosis. Communication between the anesthesiology, dental, and endocrine teams allowed for safe and successful care of the patient.
February 1, 2015: A & A Case Reports
Joel M Weaver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Anesthesia Progress
Gastone Zanette, Edoardo Stellini, Stefano Sivolella, Christian Bacci, Enrico Facco
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare disease, little known to medical and dental practitioners, but with an increasing hospitalization rate over the years. HAE is due to a C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency/dysfunction that leads to an increased vascular permeability. The airways are the most affected, and life-threatening laryngeal swelling may occur. Episodes of HAE have no clear cause, but they can be triggered by anxiety, invasive procedures, and trauma. HAE is an important issue in oral and maxillofacial surgery, otorhinolaryngology, endoscopy, emergency medicine, and anesthesiology because even simple procedures may cause laryngeal edema...
May 2015: Quintessence International
Sanjana Mukhopadhyay, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
Higher education in many disciplines has undergone a dramatic change with the incorporation of electronic means to enhance student learning. YouTube is an open-access online website that has gained tremendous popularity in recent years as it allows users to upload videos for social and educational purposes. The aim of this study was to assess whether dentally relevant videos would be utilized as a freely available tool to aid learning. Forty videos, mainly in the area of dental anatomy and local anesthesia, were uploaded and made available for a period of eighteen months from March 2012 to September 2013...
November 2014: Journal of Dental Education
Yukiko Matsuki, Taiki Okamura, Keiko Shiozaki, Nobuyuki Matsuura, Masataka Kasahara, Tatsuya Ichinohe
Use of intravenous sedation is increasing in the management of dental patients in consideration of accompanying diseases and patient demand for comfort and safety. We surveyed choice of sedative agent and dosage on the basis of accompanying diseases or conditions in patients receiving treatment at the Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Tokyo Dental College Chiba Hospital between 2010 and 2011. A total of 5,256 patients were reviewed and divided into the following categories: 1) medically compromised patients (MC); 2) minor oral surgery (OS); 3) cerebral palsy (CP); 4) mental retardation (MR); 5) mental disorder (MD); and 6) dental phobia with/without gag reflex...
2014: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Rodney N Nishimoto
This was judged to be the first place winning submission for the American Dental Society of Anesthesiology Student Essay Award. Acetaminophen is an old drug that is now available in an intravenous formulation. Its advantages and disadvantages are reviewed, including its potential role in multimodal postoperative pain therapy.
2014: Anesthesia Progress
Saeed Riad Idrees, Kazuma Fujimura, Kazuhisa Bessho
Perioperative dental damage is one of the most common anesthesia-related adverse events and is responsible for the greatest number of malpractice claims against anesthesiologists; therefore, several dental considerations are warranted. A thorough evaluation may necessitate a dentist's help, requires that anesthesiologists receive more formal training regarding oral and dental anatomy, and enables performing the treatments necessary to minimize the risks of dental injuries. Nevertheless, this preanesthetic assessment is frequently overlooked by surgeons and anesthesiologists...
June 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: HDA Now
Mesut Sener, Zafer Ozgur Pektas, Ismail Yilmaz, Ayda Turkoz, Sina Uckan, Asli Donmez, Gulnaz Arslan
BACKGROUND: Preemptive analgesia used for postsurgical pain management has been shown to reduce the requirements of postoperative analgesics. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the preemptive analgesic effects of diflunisal, naproxen sodium, meloxicam, acetaminophen, and rofecoxin (no longer available in some markets) in patients undergoing ambulatory dental surgery and the need for postoperative pain management in these patients. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, single-blind study was conducted at the Departments of Anesthesiology and Reanimation and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Baskent University, Adana Teaching and Medical Research Center, Adana, Turkey...
November 2005: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
Laura M Juntgen, Brian J Sanders, Laquia A Walker, James E Jones, James A Weddell, Angela M Tomlin, George Eckert, Gerardo Maupome
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing behavior guidance technique utilization among practicing pediatric dentists and explore potential barriers to the incorporation of previously unused techniques. METHODS: The data for this study were obtained from a web-based survey containing 15 multiple choice questions concerning the practitioners' past, current, and anticipated future behavior guidance technique utilization. RESULTS: Most respondents received hands-on training in 10 of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry behavior guidance techniques...
2013: Pediatric Dentistry
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