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Clostridium difficle and inflammatory bowel disease

V Gupta, R Garg
The term "probiotic" was first used in 1965, by Lilly and Stillwell, to describe substances secreted by one organism which stimulate the growth of another. The use of antibiotics, immunosuppressive therapy and irradiation, amongst other means of treatment, may cause alterations in the composition and have an effect on the GIT flora. Therefore, the introduction of beneficial bacterial species to GI tract may be a very attractive option to re-establish the microbial equilibrium and prevent disease. Prebiotic is a non-digestible food ingredient that confers benefits on the host by selectively stimulating one bacterium or a group of bacteria in the colon with probiotic properties...
July 2009: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
M R Keighley, D Youngs, M Johnson, R N Allan, D W Burdon
The incidence of Clostridium difficile cytotoxin has been studied in 69 consecutive patients with inflammatory bowel disease complicated by severe diarrhoea or ileostomy flux during 74 admissions to hospital. The cytotoxin was identified in only four patients, all of whom had received antimicrobials. Clostridium difficle, but not cytotoxin, was identified in 10 of 43 admissions. This followed antimicrobial prophylaxis to cover a recent operation in two patients, and five were on long-term sulphasalazine. Only three patients with Clostridium difficile had not received an antimicrobial within one month of the study...
May 1982: Gut
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