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chronic lower back pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765877/gender-related-differences-in-reliability-of-thorax-lumbar-and-pelvis-kinematics-during-gait-in-patients-with-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain
#1
Rasool Bagheri, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mehdi Dadgoo, Amir Ahmadi, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Amir-Salar Jafarpisheh
Objective: To evaluate test-retest reliability of trunk kinematics relative to the pelvis during gait in two groups (males and females) of patients with non-specific chronic low back pain (NCLBP) using three-dimensional motion capture system. Methods: A convenience sample of 40 NCLBP participants (20 males and 20 females) was evaluated in two sessions. Participants were asked to walk with self-selected speed and kinematics of thorax and lumbar spine were captured using a 6-infrared-cameras motion-analyzer system...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764423/multidisciplinary-biopsychosocial-rehabilitation-for-chronic-low-back-pain-the-need-to-present-minimal-important-differences-units-in-meta-analyses
#2
Silvia Gianola, Anita Andreano, Greta Castellini, Lorenzo Moja, Maria Grazia Valsecchi
BACKGROUND: The results of meta-analyses are all too often elusive, making it difficult to interpret their relevance for clinical practice. Reporting them in minimal important difference (MID) units could improve the interpretation of evidence in meta-analyses. The aim of this study was to compare, via calculation of MID units, outcomes after multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation (MBR) versus usual care for pain relief in chronic low back pain (LBP). METHODS: We re-analyzed the data of a published Cochrane review on MBR...
May 15, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763267/top-20-research-studies-of-2017-for-primary-care-physicians
#3
Mark H Ebell, Roland Grad
Based on systematic surveillance of more than 110 medical journals, 247 studies met criteria as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) in 2017. Members of the Canadian Medical Association identified 20 of these POEMs as most relevant to practice. This article reviews the clinical questions and bottom-line answers from these studies. Blood pressure should be measured after a period of rest, using a bare arm, and orthostatic blood pressure is more predictive when measured after one minute of standing rather than three minutes...
May 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731313/tophaceous-gout-causing-thoracic-spinal-cord-compression-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Y Ding, W Wang, W Jiang, L Zhang, T Wang, Z Li
OBJECTIVE: To improve neurologists' awareness of spine gout by showing a rare case of tophaceous gout in thoracic spine and a summary of vertebral gout in order. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reported a case of a 36-year-old male with a 2-year-history of hyperuricemia. Neurological examination suggested that the strength of his lower limbs decreased. Bilateral Babinski's sign and ankle clonus were positive. He had no bladder or bowel dysfunction. Computed tomography of the thoracic spine showed occupied lesions at the T9, T10 levels which led to the spinal stenosis...
May 3, 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728432/ureterosciatic-hernia-treated-with-ureteral-stent-placement
#5
Yusuke Nakazawa, Nobuyo Morita, Ippei Chikazawa, Katsuhito Miyazawa
A 92-year-old female with a history of asthma and chronic heart failure presented with left lumber back pain. Physical examination revealed knocking tenderness at the left costal-vertebral angle. Laboratory test results were within normal limits. Abdominal CT showed a left hydroureteronephrosis and an obstruction in the left distal ureter with herniation into the sciatic foramen. A ureteral stent was inserted into the left ureter and was removed after 2 months. She has not complained of pain or showed symptoms since the removal...
May 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701812/pain-intensity-disability-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-does-age-matter
#6
Markus Wettstein, Wolfgang Eich, Christiane Bieber, Jonas Tesarz
Objective: Nonspecific chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a frequent medical condition among middle-aged and older adults. Its detrimental consequences for functional ability and quality of life are well known. However, less is known about associations of chronological age with disability and well-being among CLBP patients. Coping with pain may be harder with advancing age due to additional age-associated losses of physical, sensory, and other resources, resulting in higher disability and lower quality of life...
April 25, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698638/energy-impairments-in-older-adults-with-low-back-pain-and-radiculopathy-a-matched-case-control-study
#7
Peter C Coyle, Jenifer M Pugliese, J Megan Sions, Mark S Eskander, Jennifer A Schrack, Gregory E Hicks
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact that the presence of chronic low back pain with radiculopathy (CLBPR) may have on 1) energy efficiency and 2) energy capacity among community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Matched case-control study. SETTING: Clinical research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 38 community-dwelling older adults (60-85 years) with (n=19) and without (n=19) CLBPR were included in this analysis. Participants were matched between-groups on age (± 5 years), sex, and diabetic status...
April 23, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696128/electromyographic-findings-after-epidural-steroid-injections-in-patients-with-radicular-low-back-pain-a-prospective-open-label-study
#8
Chrysanthi Batistaki, Athina Angelopoulou, Maria-Eleni Smyrnioti, Maria-Chrysanthi Kitsou, Georgia Kostopanagiotou
Epidural steroid injections (ESIs) are commonly used in the management of chronic lower back and leg pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the short- and long-term electromyographic and clinical outcome of patients with chronic radicular pain after ESIs. This prospective, open-label study, included patients with chronic radicular pain due to disc herniation or spinal stenosis, who underwent interlaminar, fluoroscopy-guided ESIs. Patients were assessed before ESIs, as well as after 6 and 12 months, clinically (VAS 0-10, BPI, DN4, Rolland Morris, DASS, STAI) and electromyographically for the improvement of spontaneous activity (SA) and of motor unit recruitment/interference pattern (IP/MUR)...
December 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694591/-health-pain-and-daily-activities-among-elderly-people-practicing-lian-gong-and-sedentary-elderly-people
#9
Vanessa Cristina Dias Bobbo, Danilo Donizetti Trevisan, Maria Clara Estanislau do Amaral, Eliete Maria Silva
It is a well-known fact that the practice of physical activity on a regular basis among elderly people contributes to the prevention and reduction of pain, as well as promote active ageing. Based on this premise, the scope of this study was to evaluate the presence of chronic pain among elderly people attended in a primary health care unit in a city in the interior of Sao Paulo State, Brazil, by comparing those who practice Chinese gymnastics (Lian Gong) and the sedentary. Sixty elderly people were divided between 30 sedentary and 30 who participate in a group practicing Lian Gong...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678893/cost-effectiveness-of-exercise-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-non-specific-neck-pain-and-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Gisela Cristiane Miyamoto, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral, Johanna M van Dongen, Maurits W van Tulder
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of exercise therapy in the treatment of patients with non-specific neck pain and low back pain. DESIGN: Systematic review of economic evaluations. DATA SOURCES: The search was performed in 5 clinical and 3 economic electronic databases. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: We included economic evaluations performed alongside randomised controlled trials. Differences in costs and effects were pooled in a meta-analysis, if possible, and incremental cost-utility ratios (ICUR) were descriptively analysed...
April 20, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678564/prescription-medication-use-among-community-based-us-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#11
Anna Shmagel, Linh Ngo, Kristine Ensrud, Robert Foley
Many classes of medications have been evaluated in chronic low back pain (cLBP), however their utilization in the community remains unclear. We examine patterns of prescription medication use among Americans with cLBP in a nationally representative, community-based sample. The Back Pain Survey was administered to a representative sample of US adults aged 20-69 (N = 5103) during the 2009-2010 cycle of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). cLBP was defined as self-reported pain in the area between the lower posterior margin of the ribcage and the horizontal gluteal fold on most days for at least 3 months (N = 700)...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678187/an-unexpected-cause-of-sacroiliitis-in-a-patient-with-gout-and-chronic-psoriasis-with-inflammatory-arthritis-a-case-report
#12
Safi Alqatari, Roberta Visevic, Nina Marshall, John Ryan, Grainne Murphy
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory back pain is a condition characterized by inflammation of the sacroiliac joints and lower spine. It is frequently seen in patients with spondyloarthropathies like ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, enteropathic arthritis and reactive arthritis. Inflammatory back pain can be caused by many other conditions like infection and crystal deposition such as gout. In this case, it is difficult to specifically identify gout as a cause by ordinary imaging like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or ultrasound...
April 20, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674852/long-term-prospective-outcomes-after-minimally-invasive-trans-iliac-sacroiliac-joint-fusion-using-triangular-titanium-implants
#13
Emily Darr, S Craig Meyer, Peter G Whang, Don Kovalsky, Clay Frank, Harry Lockstadt, Robert Limoni, Andy Redmond, Philip Ploska, Michael Y Oh, Daniel Cher, Abhineet Chowdhary
Background: Minimally invasive sacroiliac joint fusion (SIJF) has become an increasingly accepted surgical option for chronic sacroiliac (SI) joint dysfunction, a prevalent cause of unremitting low back/buttock pain. Objective: The objective of this study was to report clinical and functional outcomes of SIJF using triangular titanium implants (TTI) in the treatment of chronic SI joint dysfunction due to degenerative sacroiliitis or sacroiliac joint (SIJ) disruption at 3 years postoperatively...
2018: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670397/effectiveness-of-fixed-site-high-frequency-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-in-chronic-pain-a-large-scale-observational-study
#14
Xuan Kong, Shai N Gozani
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of fixed-site high-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (FS-TENS) in a real-world chronic pain sample. Background: There is a need for nonpharmacological treatment options for chronic pain. FS-TENS improved multisite chronic pain in a previous interventional study. Large observational studies are needed to further characterize its effectiveness. Methods: This retrospective observational cohort study examined changes in chronic pain measures following 60 days of FS-TENS use...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669081/prediction-of-persistent-musculoskeletal-pain-at-12-months-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-optimal-screening-for-prediction-of-referral-and-outcome-ospro-validation-cohort-study
#15
Jason M Beneciuk, Trevor A Lentz, Ying He, Samuel S Wu, Steven Z George
Background: Musculoskeletal pain is a societal epidemic because it is highly prevalent and a leading contributor to disability; however, physical therapists are still challenged when predicting which patients are at high risk for persistent symptoms. Objective: The objectives of this study were to identify patient characteristics predictive of persistent musculoskeletal pain 12 months following physical therapist care and to determine the influence of anatomical region...
May 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658202/physical-training-in-a-medical-fitness-room-for-patients-with-chronic-diseases-functional-and-metabolic-outcomes
#16
Oshrat E Tayer-Shifman, Yigal Bar-On, David Pereg, Alon Y Hershko
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a pivotal factor in the development and progression of various chronic diseases. However, most fitness facilities exclude unhealthy individuals. Therefore, an exercise program that admits such patients is imperative. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a fitness facility that admits adult subjects with multiple chronic diseases. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective screening of patient records from the Medical Fitness Facility at Meir Medical Center, Israel...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656511/neuropathic-pain-a-patient-centred-approach-to-measuring-outcomes
#17
Steve Hwang, Floortje van Nooten, Ted Wells, Aisling Ryan, Bruce Crawford, Christopher Evans, Marci English
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain (NP) is a complex, chronic pain state initiated by a primary lesion or dysfunction of the nervous system and presents as a variety of symptoms across multiple disease states. OBJECTIVE: To develop a patient-centred conceptual model of symptoms and impacts in subjects with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) or post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) that can inform the measurement strategy in clinical trials. METHOD: Thirty subjects with DPN or PHN participated in in-person interviews which were performed until saturation was achieved...
April 15, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653244/opioid-utilization-following-cervical-spine-surgery-trends-and-factors-associated-with-long-term-use
#18
Andrew J Pugely, Nicholas A Bedard, Piyush Kalakoti, Nathan R Hendrickson, Jamal N Shillingford, Joseph L Laratta, Comron Saifi, Ronald A Lehman, K Daniel Riew
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Limited or no data exist evaluating risk-factors associated with prolonged opioid use following cervical arthrodesis. PURPOSE: To assess trends in post-operative narcotic use amongst preoperative opioid users (OU) versus non-opioid users (NOU), and identify factors associated with postoperative narcotic use at 1-year following cervical arthrodesis. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective, observational study. PATIENT SAMPLE: 17,391 patients (OU: 52...
April 10, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649613/anxiety-and-depression-in-spine-surgery-a-systematic-integrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Janni Strøm, Merete B Bjerrum, Claus V Nielsen, Cecilie N Thisted, Tove L Nielsen, Malene Laursen, Lene B Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of preoperative anxiety and depression occur in approximately one-third of patients with chronic back pain undergoing surgery. In the last 2 decades, several studies have established that preoperative anxiety and depression are important outcome predictors of greater pain and physical impairments, and lower health-related quality of life in patients undergoing spine surgery. To accommodate symptoms of anxiety and depression and thereby better surgical outcomes, we need to identify factors associated with these symptoms...
April 9, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643158/is-an-enhanced-behaviour-change-intervention-cost-effective-compared-with-physiotherapy-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-results-from-a-multicentre-trial-in-israel
#20
Alastair Canaway, Tamar Pincus, Martin Underwood, Yair Shapiro, Gabriel Chodick, Noa Ben-Ami
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of an enhanced transtheoretical model of behaviour change in conjunction with physiotherapy compared with standard care (physiotherapy) in patients with chronic lower back pain (CLBP). DESIGN: Cost-utility and cost-effectiveness analyses alongside a multicentre controlled trial from a healthcare perspective with a 1-year time horizon. SETTING: The trial was conducted in eight centres within the Sharon district in Israel...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
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