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chronic lower back pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214616/exploring-factors-influencing-low-back-pain-in-people-with-non-dysvascular-lower-limb-amputation-a-national-survey
#1
Hemakumar Devan, Paul Hendrick, Leigh Hale, Allan Carman, Michael P Dillon, Daniel Cury Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal impairment in people with lower limb amputation. Given the multifactorial nature of LBP, exploring the factors influencing the presence and intensity of LBP is warranted. OBJECTIVE: To investigate which physical, personal, and amputee-specific factors predicted presence and intensity of low back pain (LBP) in persons with non-dysvascular transfemoral (TFA) and transtibial amputation (TTA). DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional survey SETTING: A national random sample of people with non-dysvascular TFA and TTA...
February 15, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210742/clinics-in-diagnostic-imaging-174-l5-vertebral-superior-facet-osteoblastoma-ob
#2
Manickam Subramanian, Hong Chou, Kabilan Chokkappan, Wilfred Cg Peh
A 25-year-old man presented with chronic low back pain and occasional radiation to the right lower limb. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography (CT) of the lumbar spine showed an osteolytic expansile lesion with a central sclerotic nidus in the right superior facet of the L5 vertebra and surrounding marrow oedema. The diagnosis of osteoblastoma was made based on imaging findings and confirmed after CT-guided biopsy. Radiofrequency ablation of the lesion was successfully performed. The patient tolerated the procedure well and showed symptomatic relief...
February 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203603/physical-activity-level-and-sport-participation-in-relation-to-musculoskeletal-pain-in-a-population-based-study-of-adolescents-the-young-hunt-study
#3
Maren Hjelle Guddal, Synne Øien Stensland, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Marianne Bakke Johnsen, John-Anker Zwart, Kjersti Storheim
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among adolescents is high, and pain in adolescence increases the risk of chronic pain in adulthood. Studies have shown conflicting evidence regarding associations between physical activity and musculoskeletal pain, and few have evaluated the potential impact of sport participation on musculoskeletal pain in adolescent population samples. PURPOSE: To examine the associations between physical activity level, sport participation, and musculoskeletal pain in the neck and shoulders, low back, and lower extremities in a population-based sample of adolescents...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198635/impact-of-comorbidities-by-age-on-symptom-presentation-for-suspected-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-the-emergency-department
#4
Larisa A Burke, Anne G Rosenfeld, Mohamud R Daya, Karen M Vuckovic, Jessica K Zegre-Hemsey, Maria Felix Diaz, Josemare Tosta Daiube Santos, Sahereh Mirzaei, Holli A DeVon
BACKGROUND: It is estimated half of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients have one or more associated comorbid conditions. AIMS: Aims were to: 1) examine the prevalence of comorbid conditions in patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of ACS; 2) determine if comorbid conditions influence ACS symptoms; and 3) determine if comorbid conditions predict the likelihood of receiving an ACS diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 1064 patients admitted to five emergency departments were enrolled in this prospective study...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185319/gabapentenoids-in-pain-management-in-urological-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-gabapentin-or-pregabalin
#5
Mayank Mohan Agarwal, Mudelin Elsi Sy
AIMS: To compare efficacy of gabapentin and pregabalin in patients with urological chronic pelvic-pain syndrome (UCPPS). METHODS: Design-retrospective, setting-urology outpatient services of a secondary-care private hospital, inclusion criteria-men 18-50 years, presenting with pelvic pain (lower abdomen, groin, scrotum, perineum, low-back, hip) with or without lower urinary tract symptoms for at least 3 months duration. Hospital database was searched using keywords for neuropathic pain (ICD9-729...
February 10, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181773/influence-of-the-fitbit-charge-hr-on-physical-activity-aerobic-fitness-and-disability-in-non-specific-back-pain-participants
#6
Rebecca Gordon, Saul Bloxham
BACKGROUND: Increasing levels of physical activity (PA) and aerobic fitness can reduce non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) yet patient's physical activity 1 and aerobic fitness 2 have been shown to be lower than healthy counterparts. Pedometers are effective at promoting PA 3, yet more 'advanced consumer level activity monitors' (AAMs) can provide greater feedback to the user. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of new advances in commercially available wearable technology on PA, aerobic fitness and disability of low back pain participants...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178092/a-randomized-comparison-between-ultrasound-and-fluoroscopy-guided-sacral-lateral-branch-blocks
#7
Roderick J Finlayson, John-Paul B Etheridge, Maria Francisca Elgueta, Atikun Thonnagith, Frederick De Villiers, Bill Nelems, De Q Tran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This randomized trial compared ultrasound (US)- and fluoroscopy-guided sacral lateral branch (SLB) blocks. We hypothesized that US would require a shorter performance time. METHODS: Forty patients who required unilateral sacral lateral branch blocks for chronic low back pain were randomized to US or fluoroscopy guidance. Before the performance of the assigned block, an investigator who was not involved in patient care carried out baseline analgesic testing...
February 6, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176921/increased-local-expressions-of-cx3cl1-and-ccl2-are-related-to-clinical-severity-in-lumbar-disk-herniation-patients-with-sciatic-pain
#8
Zhen-Yu Peng, Rui Chen, Zuo-Zhong Fang, Bin Chen, Zhi-Hua Wang, Xi-Yang Wang
BACKGROUND: Chemokines have been identified to be involved in the modulation of pain through both peripheral and central mechanisms. However, the role of chemokines in lumbar disk herniation (LDH) with sciatic pain remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The current study was performed to explore the expression of two most commonly studied chemokines CX3CL1 and CCL2 and assess their associations with clinical severity in LDH patients with sciatic pain. METHODS: The soft tissues around nerve root (STANR), annulus fibrosus (AF), and nucleus pulposus (NP) biopsies were obtained from 36 LDH patients with chronic sciatic pain and 10 scoliosis patients (painless controls)...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162307/-503-trauma-exposure-and-pain-severity-among-people-with-chronic-lower-back-pain-moderated-mediation-by-thought-suppression-and-social-constraints
#9
S Pegram, M Lumley, D Latsch, M Jasinski, E Schuster, J Burns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160750/repetitive-peripheral-magnetic-neurostimulation-of-multifidus-muscles-combined-with-motor-training-influences-spine-motor-control-and-chronic-low-back-pain
#10
Hugo Massé-Alarie, Louis-David Beaulieu, Richard Preuss, Cyril Schneider
OBJECTIVE: The study tested whether combining repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (RPMS) and motor training of the superficial multifidus muscle (MF) better improved the corticomotor control of spine than training alone in chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Twenty-one participants with CLBP were randomly allocated to [RPMS+training] and [Sham+training] groups for three sessions (S1-S3) over a week where MF was stimulated before training (volitional contraction)...
March 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158957/trunk-muscle-characteristics-of-the-multifidi-erector-spinae-psoas-and-quadratus-lumborum-in-older-adults-with-and-without-chronic-low-back-pain
#11
J Megan Sions, James M Elliott, Ryan T Pohlig, Gregory E Hicks
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background Muscle support for the trunk is provided by the multifidi, erector spinae, psoas, and quadratus lumborum. Trunk muscle characteristics may be altered with aging and/or chronic LBP. To date, most trunk muscle research has been conducted among younger adults. Given age-related muscle changes, i.e. reduced size and increased intramuscular fat, studies are needed in older adults, including comparisons of older adults with and without LBP. Objective To determine if there are differences in trunk muscle characteristics between older adults with and without chronic low back pain (LBP), while controlling for age, sex, and body mass index...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149141/are-transitional-vertebra-and-spina-bifida-occulta-related-with-lumbar-disc-herniation-and-clinical-parameters-in-young-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#12
Emine Eda Kurt, Aysegul Kuçukali Turkyilmaz, Yeliz Dadali, Hatice Rana Erdem, Figen Tuncay
OBJECTIVE: Lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LSTV) and spina bifida occulta (SBO) are widespread within the lumbosacral spine. Their connection to lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and/or lower back pain has been debated in the current literature; however, there is no consensus. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the frequency of LSTV and SBO with that of LDH among young patients with chronic lower back pain. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
October 2016: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145182/yoga-could-help-people-with-chronic-lower-back-pain
#13
(no author information available yet)
Practising yoga can reduce pain and increase functional ability in people with chronic, non-specific lower back pain, suggest the results of a Cochrane Review.
February 1, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144161/influence-of-bmi-gender-and-sports-on-pain-decrease-and-medication-usage-after-facet-medial-branch-neurotomy-or-si-joint-lateral-branch-cooled-rf-neurotomy-in-case-of-low-back-pain-original-research-in-the-austrian-population
#14
Wolfgang Stelzer, Valentin Stelzer, Dominik Stelzer, Monika Braune, Christine Duller
PURPOSE: This retrospective original research was designed to illustrate the general outcome after radiofrequency (RF) neurotomy of lumbar medial branch (MB) and posterior ramus of the sacroiliac joint of 160 patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) 1, 6, and 12 months after treatment. METHODS: Visual Analog Scale (VAS) 0-10 pain scores, quality of life, body mass index (BMI), medication usage, and frequency of physical exercise/sports participation (none, 1-3×/week, more) were collected before the procedure, at 1 month post procedure (n=160), and again at 6 (n=73) and 12 months (n=89) post procedure...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142364/increasing-recreational-physical-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-pragmatic-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Noa Ben-Ami, Gabriel Chodick, Yigal Mirovsky, Tamar Pincus, Yair Shapiro
Study Design Prospective, pragmatic, nonrandomized controlled clinical trial. Background Clinical guidelines recommend physical activity for the treatment of chronic low back pain. But engaging patients in physical activity has proven difficult. Known obstacles to physical activity include low self-efficacy and fear avoidance. Objectives This study tested the effectiveness of an enhanced transtheoretical model intervention (ETMI) aimed at increasing recreational physical activity in patients with chronic low back pain, in comparison to usual physical therapy...
February 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132158/evaluation-of-spinal-cord-stimulation-on-the-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-and-pain-intensity-in-patients-with-failed-back-surgery-syndrome
#16
L P Robb, J M Cooney, C R McCrory
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is now established as the primary treatment for failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). Commonly, patients with chronic pain and FBSS often report symptoms of anxiety and depression resulting from this condition. These factors can modulate and amplify the pain experience, therefore, further challenging treatment success. AIMS: This study examined the efficacy of SCS on alleviating the symptoms of anxiety and depression associated with chronic pain as well as pain intensity in a group of patients with FBSS...
January 28, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128000/assessment-and-rehabilitation-of-chronic-low-back-pain-in-baseball-part-ii
#17
Joseph G Wasser, Jason L Zaremski, Daniel C Herman, Heather K Vincent
Repetitive throwing and hitting motions in baseball place mechanical stresses to the lumbar spine which may cause low back pain (LBP). Pain may be due to vertebral stress reactions or insufficiency fractures, intervertebral disc degeneration or intervertebral disc herniation. Untreated chronic conditions have high potential to lead to a more significant injury such as spondylolysis. Chronic LBP increases the risk for missed playing time, early career termination and lower quality of life after retirement. Proper clinical assessment and prevention/rehabilitation of LBP in this population is thus important for performance, play time and overall long-term quality of life...
January 27, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124258/mental-health-and-pain-in-older-adults-findings-from-urban-heart-2
#18
Vahid Rashedi, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Mahshid Foroughan, Ahmad Delbari, Reza Fadayevatan
Pain is an important component of disability problems, and plays a key role in mental health of older adults. This study aims to investigate the relationship between mental health and pain in older adults of Tehran, Iran. This was a cross-sectional study using data on 5326 older adults aged ≥60 years old from a large population-based survey (Urban HEART-2). A multistage cluster random sampling method was used to select the participants in Tehran, Iran, in 2011. General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), pain questionnaire, and socioeconomic questionnaires were used to collect the data...
January 25, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121529/the-disease-burden-of-the-most-common-autoimmune-diseases
#19
Jack Mccain
By some measures, the financial and health toll from inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriasis is comparable to stroke and lower back pain. Collectively, they affect about 10 million patients in the United States. They are chronic conditions characterized by immune-mediated inflammation of unknown etiology and for which there is no cure.
July 2016: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119210/comparison-of-the-trunk-pelvis-and-lower-extremities-sagittal-plane-inter-segmental-coordination-and-variability-during-walking-in-persons-with-and-without-chronic-low-back-pain
#20
Samaneh Ebrahimi, Fahimeh Kamali, Mohsen Razeghi, Seyyed Arash Haghpanah
Inter-segmental coordination can be influenced by chronic low back pain (CLBP). The sagittal plane lower extremities inter-segmental coordination pattern and variability, in conjunction with the pelvis and trunk, were assessed in subjects with and without non-specific CLBP during free-speed walking. Kinematic data were collected from 10 non-specific CLBP and 10 non-CLBP control volunteers while the subjects were walking at their preferred speed. Sagittal plane time-normalized segmental angles and velocities were used to calculate continuous relative phase for each data point...
January 21, 2017: Human Movement Science
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