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chronic lower back pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919191/benefits-of-the-restorative-exercise-and-strength-training-for-operational-resilience-and-excellence-yoga-program-for-chronic-lower-back-pain-in-service-members-a-pilot-randomized-control-trial
#1
Krista Beth Highland, Audrey Schoomaker, Winifred Rojas, Josh Suen, Ambareen Ahmed, Zhiwei Zhang, Sarah Fink Carlin, Christian Calilung, Michael Kent, Chester Buckenmaier
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of an individualized yoga program. DESIGN: Pilot randomized control trial. SETTING: Military medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N=68) with chronic LBP. INTERVENTIONS: Restorative Exercise and Strength Training for Operational Resilience and Excellence (RESTORE) program (9-12 individual yoga sessions) or treatment-as-usual (control) for 8-week period...
September 14, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894790/aortic-dissection-and-severe-renal-failure-6-years-after-kidney-transplantation
#2
Amaury Dujardin, Awena Le Fur, Diego Cantarovich
We report the case of a patient with long-term history of hypertension, presenting with transient neurological disorders and severe graft failure several years after kidney transplantation. Cause of end-stage renal disease was hypertensive nephrosclerosis. Chronic hemodialysis lasted for 1 year. After transplantation and throughout follow-up, serum creatinine ranged from 200 to 230 μmol/L and maintenance immunosuppression included sirolimus and low-dose steroids. Six years after transplantation, the patient presented with right hip pain radiating to the lower back, transient aphasia, confusion, and hemiparesis...
September 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883862/prevalence-of-chronic-pain-in-the-elderly-polish-population-results-of-the-polsenior-study
#3
Elzbieta Kozak-Szkopek, Katarzyna Broczek, Przemyslaw Slusarczyk, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Alicja Klich-Raczka, Aleksandra Szybalska, Malgorzata Mossakowska
INTRODUCTION: Pain is the most common complaint of elderly people. In Poland, no large studies on the prevalence of chronic pain in the elderly were conducted until recently. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was a part of the PolSenior project, a cross-sectional multidisciplinary study on ageing of the Polish population, and included a randomly selected group of 716 people aged 55-59 years, and 4979 people over 65 years. The survey was conducted through a standardized questionnaire...
August 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878881/tracking-low-back-pain-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-prospective-cohort-study-protocol
#4
Jean Théroux, Norman Stomski, Christopher J Hodgetts, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Bruce F Walker, Sylvie Le May, Hubert Labelle
BACKGROUND: Numerous methodological limitations have constrained the findings of previous studies that have examined the prevalence of low back pain in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. This article presents a study protocol that has been designed to address the shortcomings of prior research in this area. In addition, it will establish the level of disease burden associated with acute, recurrent, and chronic low back pain in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: This study will involve a prospective cohort of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis presenting to an outpatient department in a paediatric hospital...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878472/effects-of-the-centrifugal-contraction-exercise-of-the-rectus-abdominis-accompanied-with-the-isometric-exercise-of-the-transversus-abdominis-on-pain-and-balance-of-lower-back-pain-patients
#5
Jung-Ho Lee
[Purpose] The current study attempted to examine the effects of centrifugal contraction exercise of the rectus abdominis during the isometric contraction of the transversus abdominis on pain and balance of patients with chronic back pain. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects included thirty patients who were diagnosed with back pain due to causes other than neurological by a specialist after conducting a medical precision diagnosis. The experiment was performed after evenly dividing the subjects into two groups, namely, control and experimental, using a random method...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873078/multidimensional-prognostic-modelling-in-people-with-chronic-axial-low-back-pain
#6
Martin Rabey, Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Helen Slater, Peter O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: To derive prognostic models for people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) (n=294) based upon an extensive array of potentially prognostic multidimensional factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study entered multidimensional data (demographics, pain characteristics, pain responses to movement, behaviors associated with pain, pain sensitivity, psychological, social, health, lifestyle) at baseline, and interventions undertaken, into prognostic models for pain intensity, disability, global rating of change and bothersomeness at 1-year...
October 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869902/acute-effects-of-anesthetic-lumbar-spine-injections-on-temporal-spatial-parameters-of-gait-in-individuals-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-pilot-study
#7
Carl L Herndon, MaryBeth Horodyski, Heather K Vincent
This study examined whether epidural injection-induced anesthesia acutely and positively affected temporal spatial parameters of gait in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) due to lumbar spinal stenosis. Twenty-five patients (61.7±13.6years) who were obtaining lumbar epidural injections for stenosis-related LBP participated. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores, Medical Outcomes Short Form (SF-36) scores, 11-point Numerical pain rating (NRSpain) scores, and temporal spatial parameters of walking gait were obtained prior to, and 11-point Numerical pain rating (NRSpain) scores, and temporal spatial parameters of walking gait were obtained after the injection...
August 31, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842990/migraine-prophylaxis-and-acute-treatment-patterns-among-commercially-insured-patients-in-the-united-states
#8
J Michael Woolley, Machaon M Bonafede, Brett A Maiese, Robert A Lenz
OBJECTIVES: To describe prophylactic and acute medication treatment patterns, including timing, medication type, and duration of use in migraine patients initiating prophylaxis. BACKGROUND: Patients with migraine can be treated with acute and prophylactic therapies. Current treatment options for migraine prophylaxis are associated with poor tolerability and low adherence and persistence. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used the Truven Health Analytics MarketScan(®) Research Databases to identify adults in the United States with a migraine diagnosis who initiated migraine prophylactic medication (index event) between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2011...
August 26, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841866/differences-in-lumbar-spine-and-lower-extremity-kinematics-in-people-with-and-without-low-back-pain-during-a-step-up-task-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Katie Mitchell, Madeline Porter, Lauren Anderson, Carter Phillips, Grayson Arceo, Brian Montz, Susan Levy, Sara P Gombatto
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) affects more than one third of the population at any given time, and chronic LBP is responsible for increased medical costs, functional limitations and decreased quality of life. A clear etiology is often difficult to identify, but aberrant posture and movement are considered contributing factors to chronic LBP that are addressed during physiotherapy intervention. Information about aberrant movement during functional activities in people with LBP can help inform more effective interventions...
August 25, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833988/beyond-weakness-characterization-of-pain-sensory-profile-and-conditioned-pain-modulation-in-patients-with-motor-neuron-disease-a-controlled-study
#10
L C G Lopes, R Galhardoni, V Silva, F M H Jorge, L T Yeng, D Callegaro, G Chadi, M J Teixeira, D Ciampi de Andrade
BACKGROUND: Motor neuron diseases (MND) represent a group of disorders that evolve with inexorable muscle weakness and medical management is based on symptom control. However, deeper characterization of non-motor symptoms in these patients have been rarely reported. METHODS: This cross-sectional study aimed to describe non-motor symptoms in MND and their impact on quality of life and functional status, with a focus on pain and sensory changes. Eighty patients (31 females, 55...
August 22, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807742/a-cost-utility-analysis-of-dynesys-dynamic-stabilization-versus-instrumented-fusion-for-the-treatment-of-degenerative-lumbar-spine-diseases
#11
Kan Liu, Wei Sun, Qiang Lu, Jiying Chen, Jiaguang Tang
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic chronic low back and leg pain resulting from lumbar spine degenerative disorders is highly prevalent in China, and for some patients, surgery is the final option for improvement. Several techniques for spinal non-fusion have been introduced to reduce the side-effects of fusion methods and hasten postoperative recovery. In this study, the authors have evaluated the cost-effectiveness of Dynesys posterior dynamic stabilization system (DY) compared with lumbar fusion techniques in the treatment of single-level degenerative lumbar spinal conditions...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795014/evaluation-and-management-of-lower-back-pain-in-young-athletes
#12
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Elizabeth Kinsella
Lower back pain in young athletes is a common problem. The prevalence of back pain from different causes in adolescent age group is between 20% and 30%. However, the incidence of low back pain in young athletes varies widely in different sports. Overuse injuries are the most common cause of low back pain in young athletes. In case of overuse injuries, the cause and effect relationship between back pain and specific condition is often difficult to establish. In adolescent athletes, the most common underlying identified cause of low back pain is lumbar spondylolysis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790344/morbidity-pattern-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-primary-care-in-the-hong-kong-population
#13
Wendy Wong, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam, Xiang Zhao Bian, Zhang Jin Zhang, Sze Tuen Ng, Shong Tung
Primary care manages >90% of illnesses requiring medical services in Hong Kong, in which 9,513 registered Chinese medicine practitioners (CMPs) provide 8.2% of the consultations. This is the first study aimed to determine the morbidity pattern in different Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) primary care settings in Chinese population. 55,312 patients' encounters were classified by the International Classification of Primary Care-2 (ICPC-2) from 260 of CMPs. Mean patient age was 50.5 years, with more females than males (67...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767621/the-ute-disc-sign-on-mri-a-novel-imaging-biomarker-associated-with-degenerative-spine-changes-low-back-pain-and-disability
#14
Henry Pang, Cora Bow, Jason Pui Yin Cheung, Uruj Zehra, Arijitt Borthakur, Jaro Karppinen, Nozomu Inoue, Hai-Qiang Wang, Keith D K Luk, Kenneth M C Cheung, Dino Samartzis
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVE: To assess the distribution of the ultra-short time-to-echo (UTE) Disc Sign (UDS).and its association with disc degeneration, other MRI phenotypes, pain and disability profiles. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Disc degeneration has been conventionally assessed by T2-weighted (T2W) signal intensity on MRI; however, its clinical utility has been questionable. UTE MRI assesses short T2 components. The authors have identified a new imaging biomarker on UTE - the UDS...
August 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767595/the-comparison-of-measurement-between-ultrasound-and-computed-tomography-for-abnormal-degenerative-facet-joints-a-strobe-compliant-article
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Wen Shi, Dan Tian, Da Liu, Jing Yin, Ying Huang
Besides the study on examining facet joints of lumbar spine by ultrasound in normal population, there has not been any related report about examining normal facet joints of lumbar spine by ultrasound so far. This study was aimed to explore the feasibility of ultrasound assessment of lumber spine facet joints by comparing ultrasound measure values of normal and degenerative lumber spine facet joints, and by comparing measure values of ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) of degenerative lumber spine facet joints...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767525/comparison-of-lower-limb-and-back-exercises-for-runners-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#16
Congcong Cai, Yifan Yang, Pui W Kong
INTRODUCTION: This single-blind randomized trial was conducted to compare the treatment effect of lower limb (LL) exercises versus conventional lumbar extensor (LE) and lumbar stabilization (LS) exercises in recreational runners with chronic low back pain (cLBP), since there is currently no specific protocol for managing runners with cLBP. METHODS: 84 recreational runners with cLBP were allocated to three exercise groups (LL, LE, LS) for an 8-week intervention. Outcome measures included self-rated pain and running capability, lower limb strength, back muscles function, and running gait...
July 31, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764702/characterisation-of-the-correlation-between-standing-lordosis-and-degenerative-joint-disease-in-the-lower-lumbar-spine-in-women-and-men-a-radiographic-study
#17
Kelvin J Murray, Michael R Le Grande, Arantxa Ortega de Mues, Michael F Azari
BACKGROUND: Degenerative joint disease (DJD) in the lumbar spine is a common condition that is associated with chronic low back pain. Excessive loading of lumbar joints is a risk factor for DJD. Changes in lumbar lordosis significantly redistribute the forces of weight-bearing on the facet joints and the intervertebral discs. However, the relationship between lumbar lordosis and DJD has not been characterized in men and women. METHODS: We characterised the correlation between standing lumbar lordosis and DJD in standing radiographic images from 301 adult female and male chiropractic patients...
August 1, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750966/the-effectiveness-of-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-in-an-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-related-pain-and-health-related-quality-of-life-hr-qol-a-case-report
#18
Kanu Goyal, Manu Goyal, Kanimozhi Narkeesh, Asir John Samuel, Sorabh Sharma, Subhasish Chatterjee, Narkeesh Arumugam
Abnormal uterine bleeding is characterized by painful and/or excessive menorrhea, chronic pelvic pain due to the endometriosis (Em). Osteopathic treatment is commonly used in the gynecological dysfunctions. The aim of the present case study was to explore the effect of osteopathic treatment (OT) for a woman with abnormal uterine bleeding related pain and quality of life (QoL). We reported a case of 29 year old female who presented with chief complaints of increased flow during periods, lower abdominal pain, leukorrhoea, lower back pain and with occasional constipation for the last 3 years...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748488/association-between-paraspinal-muscle-morphology-clinical-symptoms-and-functional-status-in-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#19
Maryse Fortin, Àron Lazáry, Peter Paul Varga, Michele C Battié
PURPOSE: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a disabling condition associated with narrowing of the spinal canal or vertebral foramina. Paraspinal muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration have been reported in patients with chronic LBP and disc herniation. However, very few imaging studies have examined paraspinal muscle morphology and composition in patients with LSS. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of paraspinal muscle size, composition and asymmetry with functional status in patients with LSS...
July 26, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740325/low-level-laser-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-foot-and-ankle-joint-pain
#20
Hideaki Izukura, Midori Miyagi, Takashi Harada, Toshio Ohshiro, Satoru Ebihara
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic foot and ankle joint pain is one of the most frequent complaints which is regularly seen in the out-patient clinic of our medical institute. In previous studies we have reported on the benefits of low level laser therapy (LLLT) for chronic pain in the elbow, hand, finger and the lower back. The present study examined the effects of LLLT on chronic foot and ankle joint pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over the past 5 years, 17 subjects visited the out-patient clinic with complaints of chronic foot and ankle joint pain of a variety of aetiologies...
March 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
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