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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710505/application-of-human-acellular-breast-dermal-matrix-abdm-in-implant-based-breast-reconstruction-an-experimental-study
#1
Nahid Nafisi, Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari, Fatemeh Mahjoub, Mohammad Javad Mohseni, Shabnam Sabetkish, Reza Khorramirouz, Mona Tehrani, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh
BACKGROUND: The use of acellular dermal matrices (ABDM) has become more common for breast reconstruction to improve postoperative outcomes. We evaluated the efficacy of breast reconstruction by the application of human ABDM in a sheep model. METHODS: The sheep in group I (GI) (N = 4) underwent the following procedures on the right side: (1) breast reconstruction using human ABDM after total mastectomy, (2) human ABDM under the skin, near the breast area and on the left side, (3) fat injection and human ABDM after partial mastectomy, and (4) replacement of ABDM in the abdominal wall far from the breast...
July 14, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698832/acute-inflammatory-response-during-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-locally-advanced-breast-cancer-a-case-report
#2
Xiaolan Feng, Tanya Berrang, John Paul McGhie, Peter Watson, R Petter Tonseth, Pauline T Truong
We report on a 56-year-old Caucasian female, diagnosed with locally advanced, hormone-receptor-positive, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive cancer of the left breast. The patient received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with adriamycin/cyclophosphamide (AC) followed by docetaxel/trastuzumab. A partial clinical and radiographical response was documented after four cycles of AC. Approximately one week after the first cycle of docetaxel and trastuzumab, the patient presented with diffuse edema, erythema, and induration involving the entire left breast...
June 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697858/accelerated-partial-breast-irradiation-for-elderly-women-with-early-breast-cancer-a-compromise-between-whole-breast-irradiation-and-omission-of-radiotherapy
#3
Shakeel Sumodhee, Johan Levy, Emmanuel Chamorey, Daniel Lam Cham Kee, Marie-Eve Chand, Mathieu Gautier, Isabelle Peyrottes, Emmanuel Barranger, Jean-Michel Hannoun-Levi
PURPOSE: Regarding adjuvant radiation therapy making decision for elderly women, Albert (2013) published a nomogram predicting the mastectomy-free survival (MFS) rate with or without adjuvant irradiation. Based on this approach, we proposed to investigate the use of accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) vs. whole breast irradiation (WBI) or endocrine therapy alone in elderly low-risk breast cancer patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: For each elderly woman treated by conserving surgery and APBI (multicatheter interstitial high-dose-rate brachytherapy), 5- and 10-year MFS rates were calculated...
July 8, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690051/nipple-sparing-mastectomy-for-breast-cancer-is-associated-with-high-patient-satisfaction-and-safe-oncological-outcomes
#4
V Mesdag, C Régis, E Tresch, M-P Chauvet, L Boulanger, P Collinet, S Giard
BACKGROUND: The preservation of the nipple areolar complex (NAC) for cancer treatment is still a matter of debate because of suspected increase of local recurrence and surgery-specific complications. The aim of the study was to investigate both the relapse risk associated with nipple sparing mastectomy (NSM) for breast cancer and women's satisfaction with preservation of the NAC. METHODS: We included retrospectively all patients who had skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) or NSM from 2007 to 2012 for breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)...
July 8, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673538/tailoring-radiotherapy-according-to-cancer-subtypes
#5
Roberto Orecchia
Radiotherapy is able to improve locoregional control in breast cancer patients both after breast conserving surgery or mastectomy, with positive impact in high-risk patients for long-term survival. Recent advances in the precision of radiotherapy were based on the choice of the appropriate fractionation and technique. But the concept of adaptive radiotherapy is not only technical, and includes the biologic characterisation of the breast tumor. The knowledge that different subtypes of breast cancer can have distinct locoregional patterns of recurrence is consisted in the literature data...
June 30, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666457/neoadjuvant-radiotherapy-of-early-stage-breast-cancer-and-long-term-disease-free-survival
#6
Jan Poleszczuk, Kimberly Luddy, Lu Chen, Jae K Lee, Louis B Harrison, Brian J Czerniecki, Hatem Soliman, Heiko Enderling
BACKGROUND: Compared with surgery alone, postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) improves relapse-free survival of patients with early-stage breast cancer. We evaluated the long-term overall and disease-free survival rates of neoadjuvant (presurgical) versus adjuvant RT in early-stage breast cancer patients. METHODS: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database provided by the National Institutes of Health to derive an analytic dataset of 250,195 female patients with early-stage breast cancer who received RT before (n = 2554; 1...
June 30, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662703/the-diagnosis-of-a-metastatic-breast-tumor-from-ovarian-cancer-by-the-succession-of-a-p53-mutation-a-case-report
#7
Ryutaro Mori, Manabu Futamura, Kasumi Morimitsu, Chiemi Saigo, Tatsuhiko Miyazaki, Kazuhiro Yoshida
BACKGROUND: Metastatic breast tumors from other organs are very rare. We herein describe the case of a patient with a metastatic breast tumor due to ovarian cancer who was diagnosed by the succession of a p53 mutation. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 59-year-old woman with sigmoid colon stenosis. Diagnostic imaging revealed a pelvic mass, multiple liver tumors, ascites, and multiple swollen para-aortic lymph nodes, suggesting an advanced ovarian tumor. Transverse loop colostomy and partial resection of the greater omentum was performed followed by six cycles of paclitaxel with carboplatin chemotherapy (TC therapy)...
June 29, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646773/survival-outcomes-of-patients-with-lobular-carcinoma-in-situ-who-underwent-bilateral-mastectomy-or-partial-mastectomy
#8
Ze-Ming Xie, Jian Sun, Zhe-Yu Hu, Yao-Pan Wu, Peng Liu, Jun Tang, Xiang-Sheng Xiao, Wei-Dong Wei, Xi Wang, Xiao-Ming Xie, Ming-Tian Yang
AIM: To compare the survival outcomes between patients treated with bilateral mastectomy and partial mastectomy alone as the initial surgical management for primary lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with histologically confirmed LCIS underwent partial mastectomy alone or bilateral mastectomy were identified by the SEER*Stat database (version 8.3.2) released in 2016. The primary outcome measure was all-cause mortality and the secondary outcome measure was breast cancer-specific mortality...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624048/comparison-of-two-different-types-of-oxidized-regenerated-cellulose-for-partial-breast-defects
#9
Jeeyeon Lee, Jin Hyang Jung, Wan Wook Kim, Jung Dug Yang, Jeong Woo Lee, Junjie Li, Ho Yong Park
BACKGROUND: A defect after partial mastectomy, sometimes, is hard to be filled with patient's own breast tissue. Two different types of oxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC) for filling of partial defects in small-sized breasts were compared with respect to clinicopathologic factors and outcomes. METHODS: A total of 45 patients with breast cancer underwent conventional partial mastectomy with insertion of an ORC filling material. The two filling materials used were a hemostasis-purposed ORC and adhesion barrier-purposed ORC...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611541/effectiveness-of-pertuzumab-trastuzumab-and-docetaxel-combination-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-her2-positive-inflammatory-breast-cancer-a-case-report
#10
Yuji Yamashita, Yuko Tanaka, Seishi Kono, Meiko Nishimura, Toru Mukohara, Yukiko Morinaga, Shigeo Hara, Shintaro Takao
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is the most aggressive form of primary breast cancer. CASE REPORT: A 40-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for evaluation of an induration in the right breast, suspected to be breast cancer. The tumor was diagnosed as estrogen receptor-negative, progesterone receptor-negative, HER2-positive, T4dN3cM0 stage IIIc IBC with axillary lymph node metastasis. Rather than surgical intervention, we chose a systemic treatment approach with pertuzumab, trastuzumab, and docetaxel (PTD) combination therapy which was shown to be effective for HER2-positive IBC in the NeoSphere trial...
March 2017: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607860/spy-elite-s-ability-to-predict-nipple-necrosis-in-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-and-immediate-tissue-expander-reconstruction
#11
Mark L Venturi, Ali N Mesbahi, Libby R Copeland-Halperin, Victoria Y Suh, Louisa Yemc
BACKGROUND: Nipple-sparing techniques have improved the aesthetics of reconstruction following mastectomy, but nipple necrosis complicates up to 37% of procedures, distressing patients, delaying adjuvant therapy, and compromising outcomes. No method reliably detects nipple necrosis better than clinical assessment of tissue perfusion. We prospectively assessed the accuracy of intraoperative indocyanine green laser angiography to predict nipple necrosis. METHODS: Twenty consecutive women undergoing immediate tissue expander breast reconstruction following 32 nipple-sparing mastectomies underwent indocyanine green fluorescence imaging to assess nipple perfusion immediately before and after intraoperative tissue expansion...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602267/post-reconstruction-dermatitis-of-the-breast
#12
A C Rosen, C Goh, M E Lacouture, B J Mehrara, P G Cordeiro, P L Myskowski
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of women diagnosed with breast cancer undergo mastectomy with subsequent implant-based or autogenous tissue-based reconstruction. Potential complications include infection, capsular contracture, and leak or rupture of implants with necessity for explantation. Skin rashes are infrequently described complications of patients who undergo mastectomy with or without reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of breast cancer patients referred to the Dermatology Service for diagnosis and management of a rash post-mastectomy and expander or implant placement or transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap reconstruction was performed...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597470/breast-conservation-for-male-breast-cancer-case-report-of-intraoperative-radiation
#13
Ameer Gomberawalla, Peter Liou, Rebecca Martinez, Raj Rajpara, Eileen Connolly, David Horowitz, Sheldon Feldman
Male breast cancer (MBC) comprises <1% of all breast cancers in the United States. MBC is typically treated with total mastectomy while the majority of female breast cancer is treated with breast conservation therapy combined with various forms of radiation. One method that has developed over the last two decades is the use of intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) as a type of accelerated partial breast irradiation to direct the treatment field to the tumor bed. Since overall prognosis and systemic therapy recommendations for MBC are similar to breast cancer in women, we describe the first case of MBC treated with BCS and IORT...
June 8, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586960/preliminary-results-of-a-phase-1-dose-escalation-trial-for-early-stage-breast-cancer-using-5-fraction-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-partial-breast-irradiation
#14
Asal Rahimi, Kimberly Thomas, Ann Spangler, Roshni Rao, Marilyn Leitch, Rachel Wooldridge, Aeisha Rivers, Stephen Seiler, Kevin Albuquerque, Stella Stevenson, Sally Goudreau, Dan Garwood, Barbara Haley, David Euhus, John Heinzerling, Chuxiong Ding, Ang Gao, Chul Ahn, Robert Timmerman
PURPOSE: To evaluate the tolerability of a dose-escalated 5-fraction stereotactic body radiation therapy for partial-breast irradiation (S-PBI) in treating early-stage breast cancer after partial mastectomy; the primary objective was to escalate dose utilizing a robotic stereotactic radiation system treating the lumpectomy cavity without exceeding the maximum tolerated dose. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eligible patients included those with ductal carcinoma in situ or invasive nonlobular epithelial histologies and stage 0, I, or II, with tumor size <3 cm...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574950/prepectoral-breast-reconstruction-a-safe-alternative-to-submuscular-prosthetic-reconstruction-following-nipple-sparing-mastectomy
#15
Hani Sbitany, Merisa Piper, Rachel Lentz
BACKGROUND: Nipple sparing mastectomy (NSM) with immediate prosthetic reconstruction is routinely performed due to excellent aesthetic results, and safe oncologic outcomes. Typically, subpectoral expanders are placed, but in select patients, this can lead to significant postoperative pain and animation deformity, due to pectoralis major muscle disinsertion and stretch. Prepectoral reconstruction is a technique that eliminates dissection of the pectoralis major, by placing the prosthesis completely above the muscle with complete acellular dermal matrix (ADM) coverage...
May 31, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544393/comparison-of-5-year-oncological-outcomes-of-breast-cancer-based-on-surgery-type
#16
Jeeyeon Lee, Jin Hyang Jung, Wan Wook Kim, Yee Soo Chae, Soo Jung Lee, Ho Yong Park
BACKGROUND: A standardized classification system for breast surgery that incorporates oncoplastic techniques is needed. We classified the surgical techniques for breast cancer treatment into five groups according to the extent of surgery and reconstructive methods, i.e. conventional breast-conserving surgery, partial mastectomy with volume displacement, partial mastectomy with volume replacement, simple mastectomy and total mastectomy with immediate reconstruction. We then evaluated the oncological outcomes for each of the five groups...
May 21, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538548/comparison-of-outcomes-with-tissue-expander-immediate-implant-and-autologous-breast-reconstruction-in-greater-than-1000-nipple-sparing-mastectomies
#17
Jordan D Frey, Mihye Choi, Ara A Salibian, Nolan S Karp
BACKGROUND: Nipple-sparing mastectomy permits complete preservation of the nipple-areola complex with excellent aesthetic results and with oncologic safety similar to that associated with traditional mastectomy techniques. However, outcomes have not been directly compared for tissue expander-, immediate implant-, and autologous tissue-based breast reconstruction after nipple-sparing mastectomy. METHODS: All patients undergoing nipple-sparing mastectomy from 2006 to June of 2016 were identified at a single institution...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534352/tumor-response-and-patient-outcome-after-preoperative-radiotherapy-in-locally-advanced-non-inflammatory-breast-cancer-patients
#18
Jasmina Mladenovic, Snezana Susnjar, Miljana Tanic, Radmila Jankovic, Katarina Karadzic, Dusica Gavrilovic, Suzana Stojanovic, Vesna Plesinac-Karapandzic
PURPOSE: The purpose of this analysis was to assess the tumor response and long-term outcome in patients treated with preoperative radiotherapy (PRT) without systemic therapy. METHODS: Between 1997 and 2000, 134 patients with non-inflammatory locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) were treated with PRT. The tumor dose was 45 Gy in 15 fractions to the breast and to regional lymph nodes over 6 weeks. Radical mastectomy was performed 6 weeks after PRT to all patients and adjuvant systemic therapy was administered as per protocol...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523470/short-tangential-arcs-in-vmat-based-breast-and-chest-wall-radiotherapy-lead-to-conformity-of-the-breast-dose-with-lesser-cardiac-and-lung-doses-a-prospective-study-of-breast-conservation-and-mastectomy-patients
#19
Anusheel Munshi, Biplab Sarkar, Anbu Sateeshkumar, Upendra K Giri, Harpreet Kaur, Kanan Jassal, Tharmar Ganesh, Bidhu Kalyan Mohanti
Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) is modern rotational intensity modulated therapy used for treatment of several sites. The study aimed to analyze partial tangential arc VMAT treatment planning and delivery, including analyzing the cardiac and contralateral breast doses resulting from this technique. A total of 153 consecutively treated breast cancer (conservation as well as mastectomy) patients were taken for this dosimetric study. All patients were planned using partial arc VMAT in the Monaco treatment planning system using two partial arc beams...
May 18, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515243/nccn-guidelines-update-evolving-radiation-therapy-recommendations-for-breast-cancer
#20
Kilian E Salerno
In the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines) for Breast Cancer, among adjuvant radiotherapy options for whole-breast irradiation after breast-conserving surgery, hypofractionation is preferred. For the use of accelerated partial-breast irradiation, the NCCN Guidelines have adopted the updated definition of "suitability" used by the American Society for Radiation Oncology. Regional nodal irradiation is indicated-either in the setting of breast-conserving surgery or after mastectomy-for women with ≥4 positive nodes and should be strongly considered for 1 to 3 positive lymph nodes and select patients with node-negative disease deemed at high risk for recurrence...
May 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
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