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invasive ductal breast cancer

Rajender Kumar, Bhagwant Rai Mittal, Anish Bhattacharya, Harmandeep Singh, Shrawan Kumar Singh
The male breast cancer is very less common as compared with the female breast cancer. We report a case of 64-year-old man who presented with the history of lower urinary tract symptoms. The digital rectal examination revealed hard and nodular prostate, and serum prostate-specific antigen level was 23.4 ng/mL. Ga-labeled prostate-specific membrane antigen PET/CT revealed prostate-specific membrane antigen-expressing lesions in the prostate, axillary tail of the right breast, and axillary lymph nodes. Histology from prostate revealed prostate carcinoma, whereas fine-needle aspiration from the breast revealed invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Yayoi Adachi, Masataka Sawaki, Masaya Hattori, Akiyo Yoshimura, Noami Gondo, Haruru Kotani, Madoka Iwase, Ayumi Kataoka, Sakura Onishi, Kayoko Sugino, Mitsuo Terada, Nanae Horisawa, Makiko Mori, Isao Oze, Hiroji Iwata
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggested that ALND (axillary lymph node dissection) can be avoided in breast cancer patients with limited SLN (sentinel lymph node) metastasis. However, these trials included only several invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) cases, and the validity of omitting ALND for ILC remains controversial. Here, we examined whether omitting ALND is feasible in ILC treatment. METHODS: A total of 3771 breast cancer patients underwent surgery for breast cancer at the Aichi Cancer Center Hospital between January 2006 and December 2015...
March 13, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Diana David, Arun Surendran, Jissa V Thulaseedharan, Asha S Nair
BACKGROUND: Smurf2 E3 ubiquitin ligase physically associates with and regulate the stability of distinct cellular protein substrates. The multi-functional scaffold protein Connector enhancer of kinase suppressor of ras 2 (CNKSR2) plays a key role in regulating cell proliferation, and differentiation through multiple receptor tyrosine kinase pathways. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the interaction between Smurf2 and CNKSR2 has any significant role in the post transcriptional regulation of CNKSR2 expression in breast cancer...
March 13, 2018: BMC Cancer
Wendy Yen Yun Chou, Deborah J Veis, Rebecca Aft
PURPOSE: Radial scar's stellate appearance may mimic carcinoma mammographically and histologically. Management of radial scar (RS) found on breast core needle biopsies (CNB) ranges from excision to clinical observation due to the variation in reported upgrades to malignancy at surgical excision. We examined the upgrade rate in patients with RS detected on CNB at our institution and reviewed the current literature. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of all cases with RS diagnosed on CNB between December 2006 and March 2017 at our institution...
March 12, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Scott Kizy, Jing Li Huang, Schelomo Marmor, Anne Blaes, Jianling Yuan, Heather Beckwith, Todd M Tuttle, Jane Yuet Ching Hui
CONTEXT: - The 21-gene recurrence score (RS) provides a probability of distant recurrence for estrogen receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancers. The utility of RS for rarer histologic subtypes of breast cancer is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: - To determine the distribution of RS among various histologic subtypes using a population database. DESIGN: - Women between the ages of 18 and 75 with estrogen receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer and known RS results were identified using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database...
March 12, 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Jacob K Kresovich, Peter H Gann, Serap Erdal, Hua Y Chen, Maria Argos, Garth H Rauscher
AIM: We examined methylation patterns with aggressive tumor phenotypes and investigated demographic, socioeconomic and reproductive predictors of gene methylation. MATERIALS & METHODS: Pyrosequencing quantified methylation of BRCA1, EGFR, GSTM2, RASSF1, TFF1 and Sat 2. We used quantile regression models to calculate adjusted median methylation values by estrogen and progesterone receptor (ER/PR) status. Bivariate associations between participant characteristics and methylation were examined...
March 12, 2018: Epigenomics
William J Gradishar, Benjamin O Anderson, Ron Balassanian, Sarah L Blair, Harold J Burstein, Amy Cyr, Anthony D Elias, William B Farrar, Andres Forero, Sharon H Giordano, Matthew P Goetz, Lori J Goldstein, Steven J Isakoff, Janice Lyons, P Kelly Marcom, Ingrid A Mayer, Beryl McCormick, Meena S Moran, Ruth M O'Regan, Sameer A Patel, Lori J Pierce, Elizabeth C Reed, Kilian E Salerno, Lee S Schwartzberg, Amy Sitapati, Karen Lisa Smith, Mary Lou Smith, Hatem Soliman, George Somlo, Melinda L Telli, John H Ward, Rashmi Kumar, Dorothy A Shead
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast represents a heterogeneous group of neoplastic lesions in the breast ducts. The goal for management of DCIS is to prevent the development of invasive breast cancer. This manuscript focuses on the NCCN Guidelines Panel recommendations for the workup, primary treatment, risk reduction strategies, and surveillance specific to DCIS.
March 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Marta Román, Martin Caicoya, Josep Espinàs, Maria Sala, Isabel Torá-Rocamora, Maria J Quinta, Mar Vernet, Francina Saladié, Anabel Romero, Mar Sánchez, Marisa Baré, Carmen Vidal, S Servitja, Carmen Natal, Joosep Corominas, Joana Ferrer, Ana Rodríguez-Arana, Xavier Castells
Women with a benign breast disease (BBD) have an increased risk of subsequent breast carcinoma. Information is scarce regarding the characteristics of breast carcinomas diagnosed after a BBD. Our aim was to point out the differences in clinical and histologic characteristics of breast carcinomas diagnosed in women with and without a previous pathologic diagnosis of BBD in the context of population-based mammography screening. Retrospective cohort study of all women aged 50-69 years who were screened at least once in a population-based screening program in Spain, between 1994 and 2011 and followed up until December 2012...
March 8, 2018: Breast Journal
Fei Li, Yi Ren, Zhandong Wang
Objective: To evaluate the expression of programmed death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) in the cancer tissues and tumor-adjacent normal tissues of patients with invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast and to analyze the relationship between the expression of PD-L1 and the clinicopathological features of patients. Materials and Methods: This study included 112 cases of patients with invasive ductal carcinoma of breast who received surgical treatment from March 2012 to February 2016 in Xuzhou Cancer Hospital...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Tomasz Nowikiewicz, Wojciech Zegarski, Iwona Głowacka-Mrotek
Overtreatment means treatment that goes beyond current standards, and patients with any disease can be overtreated. Overtreatment is also given to patients with cancer, including those who need surgery. Overtreatment is closely related to the problem of overdiagnosis. In patients with cancer, unnecessary surgery may cause complications and generates unnecessary costs. The size of the problem of unnecessary surgery in patients with cancer can best be shown among patients with the most common cancers, which dedicated screening programs...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Susanna Nuvoli, Sarah Galassi, Ilaria Gelo, Gaia Rocchitta, Alessandro Fancellu, Pier Andrea Serra, Giuseppe Madeddu, Angela Spanu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the usefulness of molecular breast imaging (MBI) in predicting complete tumor response to treatment and residual tumor extent following neoadjuvant therapy. A consecutive series of 43 female patients with large or locally advanced primary breast cancer, scheduled for surgery following neoadjuvant therapy, was retrospectively reviewed. Prior to surgery, all patients underwent MBI using a high‑resolution semiconductor‑based device for image acquisition. MBI data were correlated with surgical histopathological findings...
March 6, 2018: Oncology Reports
Marzana Chowdhury, David Euhus, Maureen O'Donnell, Tracy Onega, Pankaj K Choudhary, Swati Biswas
PURPOSE: Increased mammographic breast density is a significant risk factor for breast cancer. It is not clear if it is also a risk factor for the development of contralateral breast cancer. METHODS: The data were obtained from Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium and included women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ between ages 18 and 88 and years 1995 and 2009. Each case of contralateral breast cancer was matched with three controls based on year of first breast cancer diagnosis, race, and length of follow-up...
March 6, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Soo-Yeon Kim, Jaewook Shin, Dong-Hyun Kim, Eun-Kyung Kim, Hee Jung Moon, Jung Hyun Yoon, Jai Kyung You, Min Jung Kim
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correlation between conductivity and ADC in invasive ductal carcinoma according to the presence of necrosis on MRI. METHODS: Eighty-one women with invasive ductal carcinoma ≥1 cm on T2-weighted fast spin echo sequence of preoperative MRI were included. Phase-based MR electric properties tomography was used to reconstruct conductivity. Mean ADC was measured. Necrosis was defined as an area with very high T2 signal intensity. The relationship between conductivity and ADC was examined using Spearman's correlation coefficient (r)...
March 6, 2018: European Radiology
Hiba El Hage Chehade, Kefah Mokbel
Data derived from pathological analysis, natural history, radiological characteristics, genomic profiling, and clinical outcome indicate that ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a heterogeneous disease; meaning that no single therapeutic strategy is best, but rather that treatment should be personalised and entail a rigorous multidisciplinary approach. The role of adjuvant endocrine therapy after surgical excision has been the subject of scientific debate in view of the in situ nature of this neoplasm. We reviewed the literature and summarised the evidence regarding the need for adjuvant endocrine therapy following complete surgical excision of DCIS through the identification of the most important outcomes, evaluation of quality of evidence, and assessment of the trade-offs involved...
March 2018: Anticancer Research
Olaronke Oshilaja, Nomani Laila, Benjamin C Calhoun, Alberto J Montero, Charles D Sturgis
Mammary ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is classically treated by combinations of excision, radiation, and endocrine therapy, based upon the specific needs of individual patients. Estrogen receptor (ER) status is generally assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in newly diagnosed cases of DCIS, and endocrine therapy in this setting is thought to be chemopreventive. The potential impact of androgens on mammary carcinogenesis has been studied in recent years, and several authors have proposed androgen receptor (AR) IHC testing and targeted antiandrogenic therapy in patients with locally advanced or metastatic triple-negative invasive breast cancer (ie, negative for ER and progesterone receptor and HER-2)...
February 27, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Aijing Li, Yuning Pan, Bin Chen, Jianbi Xia, Fang Gan, Yinhua Jin, Jianjun Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of parameters in dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) using reference region model with prognostic factors and molecular subtypes of breast cancer. METHODS: MRI and pathological data of 50 patients with pathologically confirmed invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast were retrospectively analyzed. Reference region model was applied to analyze pharmacokinetic quantitative parameters including volume transfer constant (RR Ktrans ), rate constant (Kep ) and the ratio of Ktrans to extracellular space volume (Ktrans /Ve )...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
Yukiko Hara, Kenichi Sakurai, Keita Adachi, Asako Fujiwara, Yoko Ono, Eiko Waga, Tomohiro Hirano, Katsuhisa Enomoto
We report a case of primary advanced breast cancer that was locally controlled by treatment with bevacizumab. A 69-yearold woman presented at our hospital complaining of left breast hemorrhage. Her left breast had a large mass with an ulcer, and there was bleeding. Breast ultrasonography showed a large tumor that involved the whole left breast, and some swollen axillary lymph nodes. Breast MRI showed a mass of 77mm and skin invasion around the medial area of the left breast. Histopathological examination indicated invasive ductal carcinoma, ER(+), PgR(+), HER2(-), Ki-67 20%...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Kyoko Hara, Seiji Yoshitomi, Hisashi Tsuji
A 66-years-old woman was referred to our hospital with the chief complaint of a huge exposed left breast mass, associated massive exudates, bleedingand foul-smelling discharge. Invasive ductal carcinoma was diagnosed by core needle biopsy. The computed tomography showed left axillary lymph node metastases and no distant metastasis. Her performance status(PS) was Grade 3. She had serious comorbidities such as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and liver cirrhosis, renal dysfunction. DMpC therapy and Mohs paste therapy were started since her overall status was improved...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Mariko Ishizuka, Yu Tsubota, Aiko Ueda, Noriko Sueoka, Katsuhiro Yoshikawa, Daigo Yamamoto
Advanced breast cancer has a poor prognosis compared to early breast cancer; however, quality of life and radical operation can be improved in some case by using multidisciplinary treatment. A 54-year-old woman was examined at the hospital because of an enlarging tumor in the left breast. She was aware of a lump for 3 years. Results of the initial examination indicated invasive ductal carcinoma with liver metastasis. She first received chemotherapy(AC followed by weekly paclitaxel). After 4 courses of weekly paclitaxel, computed tomography revealed axillary lymph nodes involved in the axillary vein...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Miyuki Takahashi, Yuki Suematsu, Shunsuke Yamagishi, Kyohei Kanematsu, Hiroyuki Saitou, Mao Nakayama, Michiko Fukahori, Kazuhiko Wakabayashi, Yutaka Ito
A 78-year-old woman presented with a right axillary mass.With an incisional biopsy a diagnosis of invasive ductal carcinoma was achieved.In the whole body search, any primary focus including the breast was unclear, advanced occult breast cancer with supraclavicular lymph node metastases was diagnosed.Administration of 3 courses of docetaxel achieved disappearance of supraclavicular lymph node and reduction of an axillary mass.Right axillary lymph node dissection could be successfully performed.Pathological report showed a right ectopic cancer with right axillary lymph node metastases...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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