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Vdr macrophage

Jörg Reichrath, Roman Saternus, Thomas Vogt
During evolution, the ability of many organisms to synthesize vitamin D photochemically represented, and still represents, a major driving factor for the development of life on earth. In humans because not more than 10-20% of the requirement of vitamin D can be satisfied by the diet (under most living conditions in the US and Europe), the remaining 80-90% need to be photochemically synthesized in the skin through the action of solar or artificial ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation. The skin is a key organ of the human body's vitamin D endocrine system (VDES), representing both the site of vitamin D synthesis and a target tissue for biologically active vitamin D metabolites...
January 5, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Dong Ma, Ruo-Nan Zhang, Ya Wen, Wei-Na Yin, Disi Bai, Guo-Ying Zheng, Jin-Shui Li, Bin Zheng, Jin-Kun Wen
KLF5 and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) regulate cell proliferation and inflammation. Vitamin D signaling through vitamin D receptor (VDR) exerts anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory actions. However, an actual relationship between KLF5, NF-κB and VDR in the inflammation and proliferation of macrophages is still unclear. Here, we showed that LPS and proinflammatory cytokines stimulate KLF5 gene expression in macrophages, and that 1, 25(OH)2D3 suppresses LPS-induced KLF5 expression and cell proliferation via upregulation of VDR expression...
January 8, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Allahdad Zarei, Alireza Morovat, Kassim Javaid, Cameron P Brown
The effects of vitamin D on osteoblast mineralization are well documented. Reports of the effects of vitamin D on osteoclasts, however, are conflicting, showing both inhibition and stimulation. Finding that resorbing osteoclasts in human bone express vitamin D receptor (VDR), we examined their response to different concentrations of 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] (100 or 500 nmol·L(-1)) and 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] (0.1 or 0.5 nmol·L(-1)) metabolites in cell cultures. Specifically, CD14+ monocytes were cultured in charcoal-stripped serum in the presence of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF)...
2016: Bone Research
Sandra Maria Barbalho, Marcelo Dib Bechara, Ricardo de Alvares Goulart, Karina Quesada, Rodrigo Galhardi Gasparini, Antonely de Cássio Alves de Carvalho, Adriana Maria Ragassi Fiorini
Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are two major forms of the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Vitamin A (VA) and vitamin D (VD) may be associated with reduction in inflammation in these disorders. The aim of this review was to show the current evidence that may associate VA and VD with IBDs. Data linking VA, VD, and IBDs were studied. Both VA and VD may be related to the immune system in different manners. The active form of VA, retinoic acid, may be related to the growth factor-β and release of interleukin-10 (IL-10), thus involved with the resolution of the inflammation...
December 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
Qunying Hu, Zhengshuai Chen, Guinian Liang, Fangping Mo, Hengxun Zhang, Shilin Xu, Yuhe Wang, Longli Kang, Tianbo Jin
BACKGROUND: The vitamin D receptor (VDR) mediates the immunological function of vitamin D3, which activates macrophages, and vitamin D deficiency has been linked to tuberculosis risk. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in VDR may influence the function of vitamin D and susceptibility to tuberculosis. METHODS: This study included 217 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and 383 healthy subjects in a Tibetan Chinese population living in and near Xi'an. Association analyses of SNPs in VDR were performed with the SPSS 17...
September 5, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Peter J Tebben, Ravinder J Singh, Rajiv Kumar
Hypercalcemia occurs in up to 4% of the population in association with malignancy, primary hyperparathyroidism, ingestion of excessive calcium and/or vitamin D, ectopic production of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D], and impaired degradation of 1,25(OH)2D. The ingestion of excessive amounts of vitamin D3 (or vitamin D2) results in hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria due to the formation of supraphysiological amounts of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] that bind to the vitamin D receptor, albeit with lower affinity than the active form of the vitamin, 1,25(OH)2D, and the formation of 5,6-trans 25(OH)D, which binds to the vitamin D receptor more tightly than 25(OH)D...
October 2016: Endocrine Reviews
Hua Qu, Ke Lin, Hang Wang, Huili Wei, Baolan Ji, Zengsong Yang, Chuan Peng, Xiaoqiu Xiao, Huacong Deng
SCOPE: Diabetic cardiomyopathy is one of the most important cardiac complications associated with diabetes. However, the mechanisms underlying diabetic cardiomyopathy remain unclear. The PARP1, SIRT1, and mTOR pathways have been implicated in cardiac diseases, and they are also associated with diabetes. 1,25(OH)2 D3 was recently recognized as a potential PARP1inhibitor in a macrophage cell line. The aim of our study was to investigate whether 1,25(OH)2 D3 can improve diabetic cardiomyopathy through a vitamin D receptor (VDR)-dependent mechanism associated with the PARP1/SIRT1/mTOR pathway...
August 26, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Federico Carbone, Nathalie Satta, Fabienne Burger, Aline Roth, Sébastien Lenglet, Sabrina Pagano, Pierre Lescuyer, Maria Bertolotto, Giovanni Spinella, Bianca Pane, Domenico Palombo, Aldo Pende, Franco Dallegri, François Mach, Nicolas Vuilleumier, Fabrizio Montecucco
The role of Vitamin D system in cardiovascular diseases remains controversial. Here, we investigated whether intraplaque levels of vitamin D receptor (VDR) predicted major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) at 18month-follow-up and correlated with macrophage subsets in 164 patients undergoing endarterectomy for carotid stenosis. In human carotid plaque portions upstream and downstream the blood flow, VDR, lipid, collagen, as well as macrophage subsets were determined. Human primary monocytes were then differentiated in vitro to M1 and M2 macrophages and treated with 1,25(OH)2D3...
October 2016: Vascular Pharmacology
Yovani Llamas Valle, Sami G Almalki, Devendra K Agrawal
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D, a hormone once thought to have a role limited to calcium homeostasis and bone mineralization, has pleiotropic effects on different types of cells. Vitamin D receptors are reported in vascular smooth muscle cells, endothelial cells, and cardiomyocytes. Adipose-derived MSCs (ADMSCs) are multipotent cells with the capacity to differentiate into cells of different lineages. To our knowledge, the presence of vitamin D machinery on porcine ADMSCs has not yet been examined...
August 17, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Lige Song, Garyfallia Papaioannou, Hengguang Zhao, Hilary F Luderer, Christine Miller, Claudia Dall'Osso, Rosalynn M Nazarian, Amy J Wagers, Marie B Demay
Ligand-dependent actions of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) play a pleiotropic role in the regulation of innate and adaptive immunity. The liganded VDR is required for recruitment of macrophages during the inflammatory phase of cutaneous wound healing. Although the number of macrophages in the granulation tissue 2 days after wounding is markedly reduced in VDR knockout (KO) compared with wild-type mice, VDR ablation does not alter macrophage polarization. Parabiosis studies demonstrate that circulatory chimerism with wild-type mice is unable to rescue the macrophage defect in the wounds of VDR KO mice and reveal that wound macrophages are of local origin, regardless of VDR status...
October 2016: Endocrinology
Sara Martorell, Luisa Hueso, Herminia Gonzalez-Navarro, Aida Collado, Maria-Jesus Sanz, Laura Piqueras
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a vascular disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the aortic wall. Low concentrations of vitamin D3 are associated with AAA development; however, the potential direct effect of vitamin D3 on AAA remains unknown. This study evaluates the effect of oral treatment with the vitamin D3 receptor (VDR) ligand, calcitriol, on dissecting AAA induced by angiotensin-II (Ang-II) infusion in apoE(-/-) mice. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Oral treatment with calcitriol reduced Ang-II-induced dissecting AAA formation in apoE(-/-) mice, which was unrelated to systolic blood pressure or plasma cholesterol concentrations...
August 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Shih-Wei Lee, Tzu-Yi Chuang, Hsiu-Han Huang, Chi-Wei Liu, Yung-Hsi Kao, Lawrence Shih-Hsin Wu
BACKGROUND: The active metabolite (1, 25-dihydroxycholecalciferol) of vitamin D (25-hydroxycholecalciferol) leads to the activation of macrophages and the deficiency of vitamin D seems to be involved in the risk of tuberculosis (TB). The effects of vitamin D are exerted by interaction with the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and vitamin D receptor binding protein (VDBP) may be influenced by polymorphisms in the VDR and VDBP genes. In this study, variation in the VDR and VDBP genes was investigated in a Taiwanese population with TB...
October 2016: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
Mohammad Jafari, Mohammad Reza Nasiri, Roozbeh Sanaei, Saber Anoosheh, Parisa Farnia, Adel Sepanjnia, Nader Tajik
The innate immune response drives early events in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Since human genetic variation is an important determinant in the outcome of infection with M. tuberculosis, we typed polymorphisms in the innate immune molecules, such as natural-resistance-associated macrophage protein 1 (NRAMP1), Vitamin D receptor (VDR), Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), intercellular adhesion molecule1 (ICAM-1), Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in a case-control study of pulmonary tuberculosis in Iranian population...
April 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Wafa Nouari, Lamia Ysmail-Dahlouk, Mourad Aribi
BACKGROUND: The bioactive form of vitamin D3, i.e.1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) vitamin D has been shown to modulate monocytes/macrophages physiology and its response against bacterial infections. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is an opportunistic bacterial pathogen that can most frequently be fatal in immunocompromised infected people. METHODS: We investigated the ex vivo effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 on monocyte-derived macrophages function against P...
January 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Mercedes Fernández-Mestre, Ángel Villasmil, Howard Takiff, Zhenia Fuentes Alcalá
Natural resistance-associated macrophage protein (Nramp1) and the vitamin D receptor (VDR) are central components of the innate and adaptive immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and associations between susceptibility to tuberculosis and polymorphisms in the genes NRAMP and VDR have been sought in geographically diverse populations. We investigated associations of NRAMP1 and VDR gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to TB in the Venezuelan population. The results suggest the absence of any association between VDR variants FokI, ApaI, and TaqI and susceptibility to tuberculosis...
2015: Disease Markers
Antonio Neme, Veijo Nurminen, Sabine Seuter, Carsten Carlberg
Monocytes are important cells of the innate immune system that can differentiate into macrophages and dendritic cells. The biologically active form of vitamin D, 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), serves as a ligand of the nuclear receptor vitamin D receptor (VDR). A key physiological function of 1,25(OH)2D3 is the defense against pathogens, such as those causing tuberculosis, that involves the modulation of the monocyte transcriptome. THP-1 cells are an established model of human monocytes, for which the at present largest set of 1,25(OH)2D3-affected genome-wide data are available...
November 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Ana Vuica, Lejla Ferhatović Hamzić, Katarina Vukojević, Milka Jerić, Livia Puljak, Ivica Grković, Natalija Filipović
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder associated with serious liver complications. As a metabolic chronic disease, DM is very common in the elderly. Recent studies suggest ameliorating effects of vitamin D on metabolic and oxidative stress in the liver tissue in an experimental model of DM. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of vitamin D receptors (VDRs) and 1α-hydroxylase, the key enzyme for the production of active vitamin D form (calcitriol) in the liver during long-term diabetes mellitus type 1 (DM1) in aging rats...
December 2015: Experimental Gerontology
E Toniato, E Spinas, A Saggini, S K Kritas, A Caraffa, P Antinolfi, R Saggini, F Pandolfi, P Conti
Vitamin D has a major role in calcium absorption and maintenance of healthy bones. Vitamin D is also involved in cancer, cardiovascular system, allergic diseases, immune regulation and immune disor¬ders. Irradiation of food as well as animals produces vitamin D and more than 90% of previtamin D3 synthesis in the skin occurs in the epidermis. Vitamin D receptor has been found in many cells including T and B lymphocytes, macrophages, mast cells, NK cells and Tregs, and it selectively binds with high affinity to its ligand...
July 2015: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Zongtao Lin, Wei Li
The discovery of nonclassical actions, other than mineral homeostasis, of 1α,25- dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D3) has expanded its applications. Among these, its anti-inflammation activity has drawn more and more attention of researchers to investigate its role in regulating the progression of inflammatory diseases. The expression of many inflammation-related genes is regulated by 1,25D3 through vitamin D receptor (VDR) in a large variety of cells including immune cells such as, but not limited to, macrophages, dendritic cells, T helper cells, and B cells...
2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Milica Bozic, Ángeles Álvarez, Carmen de Pablo, Maria-Dolores Sanchez-Niño, Alberto Ortiz, Xavier Dolcet, Mario Encinas, Elvira Fernandez, José Manuel Valdivielso
Endothelial cell activation leading to leukocyte recruitment and adhesion plays an essential role in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Vitamin D has cardioprotective actions, while its deficiency is a risk factor for the progression of cardiovascular damage. Our aim was to assess the role of basal levels of vitamin D receptor (VDR) on the early leukocyte recruitment and related endothelial cell-adhesion-molecule expression, as essential prerequisites for the onset of atherosclerosis. Knockdown of VDR in endothelial cells (shVDR) led to endothelial cell activation, characterized by upregulation of VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and IL-6, decreased peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) rolling velocity and increased PBMC rolling flux and adhesion to the endothelium...
2015: PloS One
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