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scalp melanoma

Kirsten A M White, Li Luo, Todd A Thompson, Salina Torres, Chien-An Andy Hu, Nancy E Thomas, Jenna Lilyquist, Hoda Anton-Culver, Stephen B Gruber, Lynn From, Klaus J Busam, Irene Orlow, Peter A Kanetsky, Loraine D Marrett, Richard P Gallagher, Lidia Sacchetto, Stefano Rosso, Terence Dwyer, Anne E Cust, Colin B Begg, Marianne Berwick
Autophagy has been linked with melanoma risk and survival, but no polymorphisms in autophagy-related (ATG) genes have been investigated in relation to melanoma progression. We examined five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in three ATG genes (ATG5; ATG10; and ATG16L) with known or suspected impact on autophagic flux in an international population-based case-control study of melanoma. DNA from 911 melanoma patients was genotyped. An association was identified between (GG) (rs2241880) and earlier stage at diagnosis (OR 0...
October 17, 2016: Cancer Medicine
Sameep Kadakia, David Chan, Moustafa Mourad, Yadranko Ducic
CONTEXT: Cutaneous head and neck melanoma is a challenging disease owing to its aggressive nature and often times advanced stage at presentation. Age, sex, and subsite are three prognostic indicators which can be determined prior to treatment or testing, and can allow the practitioner to counsel the patient before initiating therapy. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A PubMed search was conducted utilizing various terms relating to the subject matter. Articles over the past 25 years were analyzed and appropriately selected for review...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
Vitorino Modesto Dos Santos, Manoel da Costa Gondim Neto, Tereza Rodrigues de Carvalho Vieira de Melo, Iara Machado Motta
A 60-year Brazilian woman, presented with an enlarged lymph node in the neck for one year, and a superficial nonulcerated lesion was observed in the scalp. Fine needle aspiration and biopsy of the lymph node revealed amelanocytic metastasis, and immunohistochemistry study showed Melan-A/ Mart-1 antigen (clone A103 and S-100 protein). The entire suspected area of the scalp was further resected and an amelanotic melanoma without angiolymphatic invasion was diagnosed. Ultrasonography and PET-computed tomography showed hypermetabolic cystic area in the right parotid...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Morgan K Richards, Josephine Czechowicz, Adam B Goldin, Kenneth W Gow, John Doski, Melanie Goldfarb, Jed Nuchtern, Monica Langer, Elizabeth A Beierle, Sanjeev Vasudevan, Deepti Gupta, Sanjay R Parikh
Importance: Melanoma in children is rare, accounting for approximately 2% of all pediatric malignant neoplasms. However, for the past 30 years, the incidence of melanoma in those younger than 20 years has been increasing. Location of the primary tumor has been shown to be an important prognostic factor, with melanomas of the scalp and neck conferring a worse prognosis than those originating at other sites. Objective: To examine the survival, demographic, tumor, and treatment characteristics of pediatric head and neck melanoma...
September 8, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Camila Sampaio Ribeiro, Sergio S Serpa, Maria Auxiliadora Jeunon Sousa, Thiago Jeunon
Melanomas can arise either de novo (70%) or from pre-existing melanocytic lesions (30%). Of the latter, most cases arise at the dermoepidermal junction from small congenital or acquired non-blue nevi while only a few arise from blue nevi, notably the cellular subtype and less commonly the common (dendritic) type. Melanomas that arise from blue nevi usually occur on the scalp with greater frequency, as in the case described. Although previous studies have discussed melanoma arising from giant congenital blue nevi, few have discussed those arising from intermediate blue nevi...
July 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Leah Lalor, Klaus Busam, Kara Shah
We report the case of an 8-year-old child who developed a 9.4-mm-deep melanoma within a medium-sized congenital melanocytic nevus on the scalp. Genetic analysis revealed an activating NRAS Q61R mutation within the melanoma, which is more commonly associated with large or giant congenital melanocytic nevi. This case demonstrates that even a "low-risk" congenital melanocytic nevus at a "low-risk" age must be monitored regularly for the development of malignancy.
August 30, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
Nitin Marwaha, Jacqueline R Batanian, Jeroen R Coppens, Matthew J Pierson, Jennifer Richards-Yutz, Jessica Ebrahimzadeh, Arupa Ganguly, Miguel A Guzman
Melanocytoma are the melanocytic tumors originating from leptomeningeal melanocytes. Melanocytomas are commonly seen in the central nervous system (CNS) and are often associated with neurocutaneous melanosis (NCM). However, simultaneous presentation of intra-axial and extra-cranial melanocytoma is a very rare event. Here we report a unique case of 21-year-old male with intermediate grade subcutaneous melanocytoma, mimicking lipoma, occurred synchronously with an intracranial melanocytoma, not associated with NCM...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Brendan P Lovasik, Ishna Sharma, Maria C Russell, Grant W Carlson, Keith A Delman, Monica Rizzo
BACKGROUND: Scalp and neck melanomas (SNMs) have a relatively poor prognosis compared to other sites, and represent an anatomically challenging area for detection. The aim of this study was to identify the role of the hairdresser in detection of SNMs. METHODS: A tertiary surgical oncology institutional database was retrospectively reviewed for all patients undergoing resection of a scalp, posterior neck, or retro auricular invasive primary melanoma between 2008 and 2014...
November 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Per Helsing, Trude Eid Robsahm, Linda Vos, Syed Mohammad Husain Rizvi, Lars Andreas Akslen, Marit Bragelien Veierød
BACKGROUND: Most studies of cutaneous head and neck melanomas (CHNM) have reported poorer survival in CHNM compared with other sites, especially on the scalp/neck. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare patient and tumor characteristics between CHNM and cutaneous trunk and extremity melanomas and between CHNM locations (face/ear vs scalp/neck, anterior vs posterior), and to study prognostic factors in patients with CHNM. METHODS: We studied all CHNM (n = 1074) from 8120 cases of cutaneous melanomas diagnosed in Norway in 2008 to 2012...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Wen-Qing Li, Eunyoung Cho, Jiali Han, Martin A Weinstock, Abrar A Qureshi
We examined the association between male-pattern baldness and risk of incident skin cancer, including invasive melanoma, invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) in a prospective analysis, based on 36,032 participants from the Health Professionals' Follow-up Study. In 1992, participants reported their status of male-pattern baldness at age 45 years by choosing from five crown-view pictograms based on Norwood's classification. Diagnosis of skin cancers was reported biennially and information on melanoma and SCC was pathologically confirmed...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Young Wook Song, Woo Sub Kim, Gee Young Yun, Sun Wook Park, Sun Hyung Kang, Hee Seok Moon, Jae Kyu Sung, Hyun Yong Jeong
Many neoplasms, including lung cancer, breast cancer, melanoma, and gastrointestinal tract malignancy, possess potential for skin metastasis. Skin metastases can represent the first presentation of such malignancies and may be observed incidentally during routine exam. Skin metastases from gastric adenocarcinoma are uncommon, with a prevalence rate of 0.04-0.8%. Cutaneous metastases from gastric cancer are generally observed as the initial symptom of advanced gastric cancer. Early detection and treatment can increase patient survival...
July 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Impana Bellavara Diwakar, Teerthanath Srinivas, Jayaram Shetty Kolakebail, Jayaprakash Shetty, Prachi Kukreja
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common non-melanoma skin cancer and accounts for 90% of head and neck malignancies. Intracranial metastases of SCC are extremely rare. We are reporting a case of 55-year-old female with history of recurrent swelling over right side of forehead which was previously reported as cylindroma. CT scan of head revealed irregular lytic areas in right frontal bone suggestive of erosion. There were multiple small, rim enhancing lesions in bilateral parietal regions. Clinically it was diagnosed as malignant adnexal tumour...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Arvind Badhey, Sameep Kadakia, Manoj T Abraham, J K Rasamny, Augustine Moscatello
Reconstruction of the scalp following oncologic resection is a challenging undertaking owing to the variable elasticity of the soft tissue overlying the calvarium and the limited amount of tissue available for recruitment. Defect size, location, and skin characteristics heavily influence the reconstructive options available to the surgeon. Reconstruction options for scalp defects range from simple direct closure, to skin grafting, to adjacent tissue transfer with local flaps, and ultimately to free tissue transfer...
September 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Naveed Ali, Peter V Pickens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Eszter Gorka, Dániel Fabó, András Gézsi, Kata Czirbesz, Gabriella Liszkay
BACKGROUND/AIM: The frequency of brain metastasis (BM) is up to 45-50% in patients with advanced melanoma. Our aim was to identify the risk factors for the early occurrence of BM. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 333 patients with BM were identified from our database of 2,972 patients with melanoma between 2003-2015. RESULTS: The median elapsed time to BM (TTBM) was significantly associated with Breslow thickness, ulceration, location, and patient age...
June 2016: Anticancer Research
Emily M Erstine, Hillary R Elwood, Kent C Westbrook, Timothy H McCalmont, Sara C Shalin, Jerad M Gardner
Desmoplastic melanoma is an uncommon form of melanoma characterized by atypical spindled melanocytes and abundant collagen deposition. It typically presents in sun-damaged skin of the elderly as an amelanotic, indurated lesion. It has a higher tendency for local recurrence but lower risk of lymph node metastasis vs. conventional malignant melanoma. We report two cases in women aged 59 and 66 who presented with small scalp lesions clinically suggestive of alopecia. The differential diagnosis included alopecia areata, lupus erythematosus and lichen planopilaris...
October 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Julia Dai, Michael T Tetzlaff, Lynn M Schuchter, David E Elder, Rosalie Elenitsas
Blue nevi are a heterogeneous group of dermal melanocytic proliferations that share a common clinical appearance but remain controversial in their histopathologic and biologic distinction. While common blue nevi and cellular blue nevi are well-defined entities that are classified without significant controversy, the distinction between atypical cellular blue nevi and blue nevus-like melanoma remains diagnostically challenging. We report a case of a 46-year-old female with recurrent blue nevus-like melanoma of the scalp with liver metastases; mutational analysis showed GNA11 Q209L and BAP1 Q393 mutations...
September 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Elvira Moscarella, Giuseppe Argenziano, Claudia Moreno, Simonetta Piana, Aimilios Lallas, Mara Lombardi, Caterina Longo, Gerardo Ferrara
Intralesional (incision) biopsy for melanoma diagnosis can be warranted for large lesions or for lesions whose in toto excision leads to cosmetic and/or functional impairment. However, this diagnostic approach carries a risk of underdiagnosis, if a clinicopathologic diagnostic approach is not implemented. As a rule, in large pigmented lesions from special body areas (scalp and acral skin), clinicodermoscopic differential diagnosis of melanoma includes non-melanocytic skin lesions, or traumatic skin changes, rather then nevi...
April 20, 2016: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
J K Winkler, R Schneiderbauer, C Bender, O Sedlaczek, S Fröhling, R Penzel, A Enk, J C Hassel
BACKGROUND: Treatment options for advanced nonmelanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) are still limited. In various tumour entities, including melanoma, immune checkpoint inhibition with antibodies targeting programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) has recently demonstrated promising results. OBSERVATIONS: We report on two patients with NMSCs who received the anti-PD-1 antibody pembrolizumab. The first patient received pembrolizumab for the treatment of locally advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) involving parts of the left auricular region, the left cheek and scalp...
April 8, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Emi Dika, Annalisa Patrizi, Simone Ribero, Pier Alessandro Fanti, Michela Starace, Barbara Melotti, Francesca Sperandi, Bianca Maria Piraccini
Targeted therapies for melanoma have shown clinical benefit in increasing the survival of metastatic patients. Cutaneous adverse events have been reported, but hair and nail data have been rarely detailed. Patients treated with BRAF and MEK inhibitors for metastatic melanoma underwent dermatological evaluation before the start of each treatment and after every four weeks. Pull test, global photography, dermoscopy/trichoscopy and scalp biopsy were performed. Appendages adverse events were graded using the National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria...
June 1, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
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