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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324972/analysis-of-spontaneous-eeg-activity-in-alzheimer-s-disease-using-cross-sample-entropy-and-graph-theory
#1
Carlos Gomez, Jesus Poza, Javier Gomez-Pilar, Alejandro Bachiller, Celia Juan-Cruz, Miguel A Tola-Arribas, Alicia Carreres, Monica Cano, Roberto Hornero
The aim of this pilot study was to analyze spontaneous electroencephalography (EEG) activity in Alzheimer's disease (AD) by means of Cross-Sample Entropy (Cross-SampEn) and two local measures derived from graph theory: clustering coefficient (CC) and characteristic path length (PL). Five minutes of EEG activity were recorded from 37 patients with dementia due to AD and 29 elderly controls. Our results showed that Cross-SampEn values were lower in the AD group than in the control one for all the interactions among EEG channels...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324240/neurocognitive-profiles-in-msud-school-age-patients
#2
Juliette Bouchereau, Julie Leduc-Leballeur, Samia Pichard, Apolline Imbard, Jean-François Benoist, Marie-Thérèse Abi Warde, Jean-Baptiste Arnoux, Valérie Barbier, Anaïs Brassier, Pierre Broué, Aline Cano, Brigitte Chabrol, Gilles Damon, Claire Gay, Isabelle Guillain, Florence Habarou, Delphine Lamireau, Chris Ottolenghi, Laetitia Paermentier, Frédérique Sabourdy, Guy Touati, Hélène Ogier de Baulny, Pascale de Lonlay, Manuel Schiff
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD), an inborn error of amino acids catabolism is characterized by accumulation of branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) leucine, isoleucine, valine and their corresponding alpha-ketoacids. Impact on the cognitive development has been reported historically, with developmental delays of varying degree. Currently, earlier diagnosis and improved management allow a better neurodevelopment, without requirement of special education. However, specific impairments can be observed, and so far, results of detailed neurocognitive assessments are not available...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319611/functional-electronic-inversion-layers-at-ferroelectric-domain-walls
#3
J A Mundy, J Schaab, Y Kumagai, A Cano, M Stengel, I P Krug, D M Gottlob, H Dog Anay, M E Holtz, R Held, Z Yan, E Bourret, C M Schneider, D G Schlom, D A Muller, R Ramesh, N A Spaldin, D Meier
Ferroelectric domain walls hold great promise as functional two-dimensional materials because of their unusual electronic properties. Particularly intriguing are the so-called charged walls where a polarity mismatch causes local, diverging electrostatic potentials requiring charge compensation and hence a change in the electronic structure. These walls can exhibit significantly enhanced conductivity and serve as a circuit path. The development of all-domain-wall devices, however, also requires walls with controllable output to emulate electronic nano-components such as diodes and transistors...
March 20, 2017: Nature Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318388/impact-of-nutritional-intervention-on-length-of-hospital-stay-and-mortality-among-hospitalized-patients-with-malnutrition-a-clinical-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Edgar A Cano-Torres, Luis E Simental-Mendía, Luis A Morales-Garza, José M Ramos-Delgado, Mirthala M Reyes-Gonzalez, Victor M Sánchez-Nava, Abel de J Barragán-Berlanga, Ignacio Rangel-Rodríguez, Fernando Guerrero-Romero
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a nutritional intervention on hospital stay and mortality among hospitalized patients with malnutrition. METHODS: Hospitalized patients with a diagnosis of malnutrition were enrolled and randomly allocated to either an intervention or control group. Participants in the intervention group received an individualized nutrition plan according to energy and protein (1.0-1.5 g/kg) intake requirements as well as dietary advice based on face-to-face interviews with patients and their caregivers or family members...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315794/initiation-of-leaf-somatic-embryogenesis-involves-high-pectin-esterification-auxin-accumulation-and-dna-demethylation-in-quercus-alba
#5
Elena Corredoira, Vanesa Cano, Ivett Bárány, María-Teresa Solís, Héctor Rodríguez, Ana-María Vieitez, María C Risueño, Pilar S Testillano
Somatic embryogenesis is considered a convenient tool for investigating the regulating mechanisms of embryo formation; it is also a feasible system for in vitro regeneration procedures, with many advantages in woody species. Nevertheless, trees have shown recalcitrance to somatic embryogenesis, and its efficiency remains very low in many cases. Consequently, despite the clear potential of somatic embryogenesis in tree breeding programs, its application is limited since factors responsible for embryogenesis initiation have not yet been completely elucidated...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315777/appetite-disorders-in-cancer-patients-impact-on-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life
#6
David E Barajas Galindo, Alfonso Vidal-Casariego, Alicia Calleja-Fernández, Ana Hernández-Moreno, Begoña Pintor de la Maza, Manuela Pedraza-Lorenzo, María Asunción Rodríguez-García, Dalia María Ávila-Turcios, Miran Alejo-Ramos, Rocío Villar-Taibo, Ana Urioste-Fondo, Isidoro Cano-Rodríguez, María D Ballesteros-Pomar
Cancer patients are at high risk of malnutrition due to several symptoms such as lack of appetite. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of different appetite disorders in cancer patients and their influence on dietary intake, nutritional status, and quality of life. We conducted a cross-sectional study of cancer patients at risk of malnutrition. Nutritional status was studied using Subjective Global Assessment, anthropometry, and grip strength. Dietary intake was evaluated with a 24-hour recall, and patients were questioned about the presence of changes in appetite (none, anorexia, early satiety, or both)...
March 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314302/kras-mutant-status-may-be-associated-with-distant-recurrence-in-early-stage-rectal-cancer
#7
Michail Sideris, Jane Moorhead, Salvador Diaz-Cano, Amyn Haji, Savvas Papagrigoriadis
BACKGROUND/AIM: Total mesorectal excision combined with neo-adjuvant chemoradiotherary (CRT) and adjuvant chemotherapy, has been the standard treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). Although TNM (Tumor, Node, Metastasis) classification for malignant Tumors is still the cornerstone in rectal cancer staging, there has been an effort to identify molecular biomarkers with additional prognostic or predictive value. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed molecular biomarkers on prospectively collected histological specimens and clinical data from a cohort of 135 consecutive rectal cancer cases who underwent radical excision in a tertiary center between 2011-2014 (males=87, females=48, age range=22-89 years, mean=64,67 years, SD=13...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300571/sleep-apnea-and-hypertension-are-there-gender-differences-the-vitoria-sleep-cohort
#8
Irene Cano-Pumarega, Ferrán Barbé, Andrés Esteban, Montserrat Martínez-Alonso, Carlos Egea, Joaquín Durán-Cantolla
BACKGROUND: Evidence from longitudinal studies has reported contradictory results regarding the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and hypertension. In a previous analysis of the Vitoria Sleep Cohort, we evaluated the relationship between OSA and the risk of developing hypertension and we did not find an independent association after adjustment for confounding factors. In the present study, we perform a post hoc analysis to assess the association between OSA and incident stage 2 hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥ 160 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 100 mmHg) based on gender differences...
March 11, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299528/dietary-conjugated-linoleic-acid-c9t11-prevents-collagen-induced-arthritis-whereas-conjugated-linoleic-acid-t10c12-increases-arthritic-severity
#9
Jessica A Muhlenbeck, Daniel E Butz, Jake M Olson, Daniela Uribe-Cano, Mark E Cook
Two conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers, cis-9, trans-11 (CLAc9t11) and trans-10, cis-12 (CLAt10c12), reduce inflammation in a number of animal models, including collagen-induced arthritis (CA). However, little is known about the ability of individual CLA isomers to prevent autoimmune disease onset. Evidence that mixed isomer CLA drives T helper cell (Th) 1 responses suggests that CLA, or a specific isomer, exacerbates onset of Th1 autoimmune diseases. In two experiments, we examined if prior dietary exposure to CLAt10c12 (experiment 1) or CLAc9t11 (experiment 2) affected the incidence or severity of CA...
March 15, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297348/inverse-treatment-planning-for-spinal-robotic-radiosurgery-an-international-multi-institutional-benchmark-trial
#10
Oliver Blanck, Lei Wang, Wolfgang Baus, Jimm Grimm, Thomas Lacornerie, Joakim Nilsson, Sergii Luchkovskyi, Isabel Palazon Cano, Zhenyu Shou, Myriam Ayadi, Harald Treuer, Romain Viard, Frank-Andre Siebert, Mark K H Chan, Guido Hildebrandt, Jürgen Dunst, Detlef Imhoff, Stefan Wurster, Robert Wolff, Pantaleo Romanelli, Eric Lartigau, Robert Semrau, Scott G Soltys, Achim Schweikard
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is the accurate, conformal delivery of high-dose radiation to well-defined targets while minimizing normal structure doses via steep dose gradients. While inverse treatment planning (ITP) with computerized optimization algorithms are routine, many aspects of the planning process remain user-dependent. We performed an international, multi-institutional benchmark trial to study planning variability and to analyze preferable ITP practice for spinal robotic radiosurgery. 10 SRS treatment plans were generated for a complex-shaped spinal metastasis with 21 Gy in 3 fractions and tight constraints for spinal cord (V14Gy<2 cc, V18Gy<0...
May 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293472/learning-and-memory-disabilities-in-iugr-babies-functional-and-molecular-analysis-in-a-rat-model
#11
Marta Camprubí Camprubí, Rafel Balada Caballé, Juan A Ortega Cano, Maria de Los Angeles Ortega de la Torre, Cristina Duran Fernández-Feijoo, Montserrat Girabent-Farrés, Josep Figueras-Aloy, Xavier Krauel, Soledad Alcántara
INTRODUCTION: 1Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is the failure of the fetus to achieve its inherent growth potential, and it has frequently been associated with neurodevelopmental problems in childhood. Neurological disorders are mostly associated with IUGR babies with an abnormally high cephalization index (CI) and a brain sparing effect. However, a similar correlation has never been demonstrated in an animal model. The aim of this study was to determine the correlations between CI, functional deficits in learning and memory and alterations in synaptic proteins in a rat model of IUGR...
March 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290246/spatio-temporal-fluctuations-of-neural-dynamics-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Jesús Poza, Carlos Gómez, María García, Miguel A Tola-Arribas, Alicia Carreres, Mónica Cano, Roberto Hornero
An accurate characterization of neural dynamics in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is of paramount importance to gain further insights into the underlying neural mechanisms in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Nevertheless, there has been relatively little research on brain dynamics in prodromal AD. As a consequence, its neural substrates remain unclear. In the present research, electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings from patients with dementia due to AD, subjects with MCI due to AD and healthy controls (HC) were analyzed using relative power (RP) in conventional EEG frequency bands and a novel parameter useful to explore the spatio-temporal fluctuations of neural dynamics: the spectral flux (SF)...
March 9, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288230/-somatotropic-axis-and-molecular-markers-of-mineral-metabolism-in-children-undergoing-chronic-peritoneal-dialysis
#13
María Luisa Ceballos Osorio, Francisco Cano Schuffeneger
Growth failure is one of the most relevant complications in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Among others, growth hormone (GH) resistance and bone mineral disorders have been identified as the most important causes of growth retardation. OBJECTIVES: 1. To characterize bone mineral metabolism and growth hormone bio-markers in CKD children treated with chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD). 2. To evaluate height change with rhGH treatment. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A longitudinal 12-month follow-up in prepuberal PD children...
February 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284634/contamination-sources-and-distribution-patterns-of-pharmaceuticals-and-personal-care-products-in-alpine-rivers-strongly-affected-by-tourism
#14
Ladislav Mandaric, Elena Diamantini, Elisa Stella, Karina Cano-Paoli, Jennifer Valle-Sistac, Daniel Molins-Delgado, Alberto Bellin, Gabriele Chiogna, Bruno Majone, M Silvia Diaz-Cruz, Sergi Sabater, Damia Barcelo, Mira Petrovic
Knowledge regarding the impact of tourism on the emergence of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in Alpine river waters is limited and scarce. Therefore, a study on the occurrence patterns and spatiotemporal variability of 105 PPCPs in an Alpine river basin located in the Trentino-Alto Adige region (North-Eastern Italy) has been conducted. We observed that the total concentration of analyzed PPCPs was generally higher in all sampling sites during winter than in the summer. The analysis of tourist data revealed that during both sampling campaigns the number of tourists was lower in the downstream sites in comparison with the upstream area of the basin (Val di Sole)...
March 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284285/-therapeutic-approaches-in-court-ordered-therapy
#15
Emmanuelle Floris, Arnaud De Jésus, Jean-Philippe Cano, Séverine Raymondaud, Éric Rouveyrol, Jean-Pierre Bouchard
As is the case with other contexts of mental health treatments, the therapeutic approaches to court-ordered therapy are varied. They are based on the principle of their clinical indication and must be delivered by therapists trained in the specific area. The classic therapeutic approaches are used: medication, psychoanalysis and psychoanalytically inspired therapies, cognitive behavioural therapies, group therapies and body-oriented approach.
March 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279888/validation-of-the-electronic-version-of-the-breast-q-in-the-army-of-women-study
#16
Sarah Fuzesi, Stefan J Cano, Anne F Klassen, Dunya Atisha, Andrea L Pusic
Women undergoing surgery for primary breast cancer can choose between breast conserving therapy and mastectomy (with or without breast reconstruction). Patients often turn to outcomes data to help guide the decision-making process. The BREAST-Q is a validated breast surgery-specific patient-reported outcome measure that evaluates satisfaction, quality of life, and patient experience. It was originally developed for paper-and-pencil administration. However, the BREAST-Q has increasingly been administered electronically...
March 6, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273862/ehealth-familias-unidas-pilot-study-of-an-internet-adaptation-of-an-evidence-based-family-intervention-to-reduce-drug-use-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-hispanic-adolescents
#17
Yannine Estrada, Lourdes Molleda, Ashley Murray, Kathryn Drumhiller, Maria Tapia, Krystal Sardinas, Alexa Rosen, Hilda Pantin, Tatiana Perrino, Madeline Sutton, Miguel Ángel Cano, Daphney Dorcius, Jessica Wendorf Muhamad, Guillermo Prado
This paper describes the Internet adaptation of an evidenced-based intervention for Hispanic families, eHealth Familias Unidas, and explores whether an Internet-based format is feasible and acceptable to Hispanic families. Core intervention components from the evidence-based intervention, Familias Unidas, were transposed into a video format and edited for content. Additionally, interactive exercises and a soap opera series were incorporated to reinforce intervention content and optimize participant engagement and retention...
March 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267908/-clinical-course-of-decompressive-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-lumbar-stenosis
#18
A I Cano-Rodríguez, A González-Moga
BACKGROUND: Several authors and publications have focused on comparing the clinical course of nerve root decompressive surgery, with or without fusion, to treat degenerative lumbar stenosis. However, there are not many reports analyzing the clinical course after decompressive surgery of a single nerve root (the most symptomatic one) comparing it with decompression of all the roots in a segment. This study intends to compare the clinical course after decompressing the most symptomatic lumbar nerve root with the release of multiple lumbar nerve roots to relieve neuropathic pain resulting from degenerative lumbar stenosis...
July 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264259/out-of-amazonia-the-unexpected-trans-andean-distribution-of-i-cochranella-i-i-resplendens-i-lynch-and-duellman-1978-anura-centrolenidae
#19
Claudia Molina-Zuluaga, Estefany Cano, Adriana Restrepo, Marco Rada, Juan M Daza
The glassfrog genus Cochranella, with nine recognized species, is distributed in the lowlands and mid elevation of the Neotropical forests, from Nicaragua to Bolivia (Guayasamin et al. 2009; Twomey et al. 2014). Four species are trans-Andean-C. granulosa (Taylor 1949) occurs in the lowlands and mountains, at mid elevation, of Central America, C. litoralis (Ruiz-Carranza & Lynch 1996) and C. mache Guayasamin & Bonaccorso 2004 occur in the Pacific lowlands and the western cloud forests of Colombia and Ecuador, and C...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262331/adverse-events-following-quadrivalent-meningococcal-crm-conjugate-vaccine-menveo%C3%A2-reported-to-the-vaccine-adverse-event-reporting-system-vaers-2010-2015
#20
Tanya R Myers, Michael M McNeil, Carmen S Ng, Rongxia Li, Paige W Lewis, Maria V Cano
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available describing the post-licensure safety of meningococcal vaccines, including Menveo®. We reviewed reports of adverse events (AEs) to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) to assess safety in all age groups. METHODS: VAERS is a national spontaneous vaccine safety surveillance system co-administered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the US Food and Drug Administration. We searched the VAERS database for US reports of adverse events in persons who received Menveo from 1 January 2010 through 31 December 2015...
March 2, 2017: Vaccine
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