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Diabetes sleep apnea

Somvang Amnakkittikul, Naricha Chirakalwasan, Ekasitt Wanitcharoenkul, Suranut Charoensri, Sunee Saetung, Suwannee Chanprasertyothin, La-Or Chailurkit, Panyu Panburana, Sommart Bumrungphuet, Sirimon Reutrakul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
Julio Cesar Castellanos-Ramírez, Alvaro J Ruíz, Patricia Hidalgo-Martínez, Liliana Otero-Mendoza
Sleep studies conducted at an altitude that is different from the home altitude can yield misleading results regarding the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The objective of the present study was to determine the sleep characteristics of a patient undergoing polysomnography (PSG) in three Colombian cities at different altitudes (Bogotá, at 2,640 m above sea level [ASL]; Bucaramanga, at 959 m ASL; and Santa Marta, at 15 m ASL). The patient was an obese man with diabetes and suspected OSA. All PSG recordings were scored and interpreted in accordance with American Academy of Sleep Medicine criteria...
January 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Daniel Shpilsky, Sebhat Erqou, Sanjay R Patel, Kevin E Kip, Oluremi Ajala, Aryan Aiyer, Patrick J Strollo, Steven E Reis, Oladipupo Olafiranye
Studies have reported an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Proposed mechanisms include endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate the associations of OSA with endothelial dysfunction and subclinical atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD), and assess the impact of race on these associations. We used data from the Heart Strategies Concentrating on Risk Evaluation (Heart SCORE) study, a community-based prospective cohort with approximately equal representation of black and white participants...
March 1, 2018: Vascular Medicine
Belén Pérez-Pevida, Jesús Díaz-Gutiérrez, Alexander Dimitri Miras, Camilo Silva, Sonia Romero, Javier Salvador, Javier Escalada, Gema Frühbeck
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the utility of the 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) value to discriminate between different cardiometabolic profiles and examine the role of body composition in predicting the associated increased risk for glucose impairment, beta-cell dysfunction, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Subjects with normal fasting glucose completed a 2-hour OGTT and were categorized to the carbohydrate metabolism alterations (CMAs) or the control group based on a 2-hour glucose threshold of 7...
March 9, 2018: Obesity
Wei Du, Jun Liu, Jianlong Zhou, Dan Ye, Yan OuYang, Qingnan Deng
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on all-cause mortality in patients with COPD. Methods: Data for this cross-sectional study were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data (year 2005-2008). Eligible subjects were ≥20 years who had no COPD or OSA (n=9,237), had only OSA (n=366), had only COPD (n=695), and had OSA/COPD overlap syndrome (n=90). Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to evaluate factors associated with overall mortality...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Haruo Hanyu
There is a wide range of potentially modifiable risk factors for Alzheimer's disease and dementia, including cardiovascular risk factors (e.g. hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, obesity, sleep-apnea syndrome), psychosocial factors (e.g., depression), health behaviors (e.g., low level of physical or mental activity, smoking status), and head trauma. In the elderly, weight loss associated with frailty and sarcopenia is another risk factor for dementia. Recent epidemiological studies have shown that the prevalence of dementia has declined in the US and European countries during the last 20 years...
March 2018: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
George A Bray, William E Heisel, Ashkan Afshin, Michael D Jensen, William H Dietz, Michael Long, Robert F Kushner, Stephen R Daniels, Thomas A Wadden, Adam G Tsai, Frank B Hu, John M Jakicic, Donna H Ryan, Bruce M Wolfe, Thomas H Inge
The prevalence of obesity, measured by body mass index, has risen to unacceptable levels in both men and women in the United States and worldwide with resultant hazardous health implications. Genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors influence the development of obesity, and both the general public and health professionals stigmatize those who suffer from the disease. Obesity is associated with and contributes to a shortened life span, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnea, gout, osteoarthritis, and hepatobiliary disease, among others...
March 6, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
Han Ying Tng, Win Pa Pa Thu, Susan Logan, Izzuddin M Aris, Jane Cauley, Eu Leong Yong
The relationship between sleep apnea and bone health remains controversial. This study explored the relationship between sleep apnea and femoral neck BMD in midlife Asian women. Partner-witnessed apnea predicted higher femoral neck BMD, an effect validated by the STOP index. Our findings suggest that sleep apnea may protect bone health. PURPOSE: The menopause transition is associated with decline in bone mineral density (BMD) and sleep quality. However, any relationship between these two factors remains controversial...
March 5, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Glaucylara Reis Geovanini, Rui Wang, Jia Weng, Russell Tracy, Nancy S Jenny, Ary L Goldberger, Madalena D Costa, Yongmei Liu, Peter Libby, Susan Redline
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) associates with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Immune abnormalities and surges in sympathetic activity accompany OSA and CVD. We hypothesized that OSA associates with leukocytosis partially by abnormalities in autonomic nervous system (ANS) function that would suggest a pathway linking OSA and CVD. METHODS: Participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), a prospective cohort of individuals initially without overt CVD, underwent polysomnography and assays for white blood cells (WBC) and subsets...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Masako Ueyama, Hiroyuki Kokuto, Hitoshi Sugihara, Shinichi Oikawa, Fumio Suzuki, Hajime Goto, Shoji Kudoh
AIMS: The identification and appropriate management of commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers with unrecognized obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a major public health concern and priority; OSA among drivers has not been fully investigated in Japan, and a better understanding of this undiagnosed disease is warranted. Therefore, we evaluated the prevalence of OSA and the factors related to apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) in Japanese CMV drivers. METHODS: This retrospective study included 1309 Japanese CMV drivers aged 40-69 years...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Young Hwangbo, Won-Joo Kim, Min Kyung Chu, Chang-Ho Yun, Kwang Ik Yang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, sleep characteristics, and comorbidities associated with a high risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the Korean adult population. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2,740 subjects who responded to a nationwide questionnaire survey of sleep characteristics. Those who qualified under two or more symptom categories of the Berlin questionnaire were defined as "at high risk for OSA". We investigated their socio-demographic information, sleep habits, and medical and psychiatric comorbidities...
2018: PloS One
Tomoe Hirota, Tomoaki Morioka, Koichiro Yoda, Norikazu Toi, Noriyuki Hayashi, Saori Maruo, Yuko Yamazaki, Masafumi Kurajoh, Koka Motoyama, Shinsuke Yamada, Tetsuo Shoji, Masanori Emoto, Masaaki Inaba
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Poor sleep quality is associated with obesity and diabetes. The adipocyte-derived hormone leptin was recently shown to underlie the link between abnormal sleep and obesity. We aimed to investigate the association between leptin and sleep quality in type 2 diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we studied 182 type 2 diabetic patients, among whom 113 were diagnosed with obesity (body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m2 ). Fasting plasma leptin levels were measured, and sleep architecture was assessed using single-channel electroencephalography...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Ragnhild L Tveit, Sverre Lehmann, Bjørn Bjorvatn
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The objective was to investigate the prevalence of heart attack, angina pectoris, stroke, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma and obesity in relation to the presence and severity of obstructive sleep apnea. METHODS: The sample consisted of 1887 patients, with mean age of 48.6 years (range 16-83 years), referred to a university hospital on suspicion of obstructive sleep apnea. The patients filled out a questionnaire asking whether they were previously diagnosed with the comorbidities in interest...
2018: PloS One
Mohamed Ahmed Abd El Salam
Obesity is a highly prevalent non-communicable disease worldwide and is commonly associated with male infertility. Several etiopathological theories have been mentioned in the literature by which obesity affects spermatogenesis, thus affecting the male fertility potential. Mechanisms for explaining the effect of obesity on male infertility include endocrinopathy, increased aromatization activity, associated erectile dysfunction, psychological and thermal effects, obstructive sleep apnea, increased leptin and oxygen free radicals, and associated inflammatory and obstructive elements of epididymitis...
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
Kei Sawada, Shigehiro Karashima, Mitsuhiro Kometani, Rie Oka, Yoshimichi Takeda, Toshitaka Sawamura, Aya Fujimoto, Masashi Demura, Ayako Wakayama, Mikiya Usukura, Kunimasa Yagi, Yoshiyu Takeda, Takashi Yoneda
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is often associated with metabolic disorders such as obesity and type 2 diabetes and may contribute to cardiovascular events. A novel class of antidiabetic drugs, the sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) reduce body weight (BW), although there is limited data on their impact on OSAS. We therefore evaluated the effect of SGLT2i on OSAS in patients with type 2 diabetes. The presented study was a retrospective design in 18 patients with type 2 diabetes with OSAS (4 males, age range 39-81 yr) administrated a SGLT2i...
February 20, 2018: Endocrine Journal
Naricha Chirakalwasan, Somvang Amnakkittikul, Ekasitt Wanitcharoenkul, Suranut Charoensri, Sunee Saetung, Suwannee Chanprasertyothin, La-Or Chailurkit, Panyu Panburana, Sommart Bumrungphuet, Ammarin Takkinstian, Sirimon Reutrakul
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study assessed the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in obese pregnant females with GDM and OSA. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted (April 2014 - June 2016). Obese females at 24 to 34 weeks gestation and with diet-controlled GDM were screened for OSA. Those with OSA were randomly assigned to receive 2 weeks nightly CPAP or be part of a waitlist control group...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Isao Muraki, Hiroo Wada, Takeshi Tanigawa
The aim of this review is to clarify the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes, and discuss the therapeutic role of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in type 2 diabetes. OSA patients are more likely than non-OSA populations to develop type 2 diabetes while more than half of patients with type 2 diabetes suffer from OSA. Similarly to the Western countries, in the East Asian population, the association between these two disorders has also been reported. CPAP is the primary treatment for OSA, but the effect of CPAP on comorbid diabetes has not been established...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Ying-Chuan Hung, Yi-Chieh Lin, Hui-Min Hsieh, Chun-Jen Huang, Herng-Chia Chiu
OBJECTIVE: There has been a growing recognition that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) could increase the propensity for type 2 diabetes the metabolic syndrome. However, studies concerning about the impact of non-apnea sleep disorders (NSD) on diabetes control and metabolic outcomes are relatively scarce. Our aim is to investigate the impact of non-apnea sleep disorders (NSD) on diabetic control and associated metabolic outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The data were obtained from two nationwide population-based databases for a period 2007 to 2012...
January 31, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
P Palumbo, S Usai, C Amatucci, B Perotti, L Ruggeri, G Illuminati, G Tellan
BACKGROUND: The extension of indications for procedures in a Day Surgery (DS) setting has led to changes in the anesthetic and surgical treatment of Inguinal Hernias (IH). According to the recommendations of the European Hernia Society, the treatment of IH in DS units should be performed under Monitored Anesthesia Care (MAC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 960 patients underwent IH repairs over a period of 24 months. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: R (remifentanil) and F (fentanyl); the group F was considered as a control group...
November 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Renae C Fernandez, Vivienne M Moore, Emer M Van Ryswyk, Tamara J Varcoe, Raymond J Rodgers, Wendy A March, Lisa J Moran, Jodie C Avery, R Doug McEvoy, Michael J Davies
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine disorder affecting the reproductive, metabolic and psychological health of women. Clinic-based studies indicate that sleep disturbances and disorders including obstructive sleep apnea and excessive daytime sleepiness occur more frequently among women with PCOS compared to comparison groups without the syndrome. Evidence from the few available population-based studies is supportive. Women with PCOS tend to be overweight/obese, but this only partly accounts for their sleep problems as associations are generally upheld after adjustment for body mass index; sleep problems also occur in women with PCOS of normal weight...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
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