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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349213/socioeconomic-inequality-in-morbid-obesity-with-body-mass-index-more-than-40%C3%A2-kg-m2-in-the-united-states-and-england
#1
Helen P Booth, Judith Charlton, Martin C Gulliford
Introduction: This study evaluated socioeconomic inequality in morbid obesity (body mass index, BMI ≥40 kg/m2) through an analysis of population health survey data in the United States (US) and England (UK). Methods: We analysed data for the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and the Health Survey for England for 2011 to 2014. Age-adjusted odds ratios (AOR) were used to evaluate income- and education-inequality. Results: There were 26,898 eligible UK and 10,628 US participants...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340259/relationships-between-road-distance-to-primary-care-facilities-and-ischemic-heart-disease-and-stroke-mortality-in-hokkaido-japan-a-bayesian-hierarchical-approach-to-ecological-count-data
#2
Yasuaki Saijo, Eiji Yoshioka, Yasuyuki Kawanishi, Yoshihiko Nakagi, Sharon J B Hanley, Takahiko Yoshida
Objective: Poor access to a primary care physician may lead to poor control of risk factors for disease. This study investigated whether geographic access to a primary care physician was related to ischemic heart disease and stroke mortality. Methods: Road-distances from the centroids of the basic unit blocks of the 2010 Japanese Census to the nearest primary care facilities in Hokkaido, northern Japan, were measured using geographic information system (GIS) software...
January 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334908/self-reported-genital-warts-among-sexually-active-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Silvia Cocchio, Chiara Bertoncello, Tatjana Baldovin, Alessandra Buja, Silvia Majori, Vincenzo Baldo
BACKGROUND: Genital warts are one of the most common forms of sexually-transmitted disease, but their epidemiology has yet to be thoroughly elucidated. The present study was designed to shed light on the prevalence of clinically-confirmed, self-reported genital warts (GWs) in a representative sample of the university population. METHODS: In 2015, a cross-sectional survey was conducted on 11,096 individuals approached at the Students Information Bureau where they came to enroll for a university degree course...
January 15, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333725/chemoreflex-function-and-brain-blood-flow-during-upright-posture-in-men-and-women
#4
Christopher Hazlett, Heather Edgell
Orthostatic intolerance is more common in women than men, and some studies have found that women in the early follicular (EF) phase of the menstrual cycle experience the greatest feelings of lightheadedness. Chemoreflex function while supine or upright was investigated to determine the potential contribution of ventilatory control to these phenomena. Men (n = 13) and women (n = 14) were tested while supine and 70° upright (head-up tilt [HUT]) and given: (1) normoxia or (2) hypercapnia (5% CO2 ). Women were tested during the EF phase (days 2-5) and the midluteal phase (ML; days 18-24)...
January 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325096/genetic-determinants-of-circulating-estrogen-levels-and-evidence-of-a-causal-effect-of-estradiol-on-bone-density-in-men
#5
Anna L Eriksson, John R B Perry, Andrea D Coviello, Graciela E Delgado, Luigi Ferrucci, Andrew R Hoffman, Ilpo T Huhtaniemi, M Arfan Ikram, Magnus K Karlsson, Marcus E Kleber, Gail A Laughlin, Yongmei Liu, Mattias Lorentzon, Kathryn L Lunetta, Dan Mellström, Joanne M Murabito, Anna Murray, Maria Nethander, Carrie M Nielson, Inga Prokopenko, Stephen R Pye, Leslie J Raffel, Fernando Rivadeneira, Priya Srikanth, Lisette Stolk, Alexander Teumer, Thomas G Travison, André G Uitterlinden, Dhananjay Vaidya, Dirk Vanderschueren, Joseph M Zmuda, Winfried März, Eric S Orwoll, Pamela Ouyang, Liesbeth Vandenput, Frederick C W Wu, Frank H de Jong, Shalender Bhasin, Douglas P Kiel, Claes Ohlsson
Context: Serum estradiol (E2) and estrone (E1) levels exhibit substantial heritability. No genome-wide association study (GWAS) of estrogen levels has been performed in men of European origin. Objective: To investigate the genetic regulation of serum E2 and E1 in men. Design, setting and participants: GWAS in 11,097 men of European origin from nine epidemiological cohorts. Main Outcome Measures: Genetic determinants of serum E2 and E1 levels...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323928/association-between-household-air-pollution-exposure-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-outcomes-in-13-low-and-middle-income-country-settings
#6
Trishul Siddharthan, Matthew R Grigsby, Dina Goodman, Muhammad Chowdhury, Adolfo Rubenstein, Vilma Irazola, Laura Gutierrez, J Jaime Miranda, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Dewan Alam, Bruce Kirenga, Rupert Jones, Frederick van Gemert, Robert A Wise, William Checkley
RATIONALE: Forty percent of households worldwide burn biomass fuels for energy, which may be most the important contributor to household air pollution. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between household air pollution exposure and COPD outcomes in 13 resource-poor settings. METHODS: We analyzed data from 12,396 adult participants living in 13 resource-poor, population-based settings. Household air pollution exposure was defined as using biomass materials as the primary fuel source in the home...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314248/calcium-and-vitamin-d-supplementation-are-not-associated-with-risk-of-incident-ischaemic-cardiac-events-or-death-findings-from-the-uk-biobank-cohort
#7
Nicholas C Harvey, Stefania D'Angelo, Julien Paccou, Elizabeth M Curtis, Mark Edwards, Zahra Raisi-Estabragh, Karen Walker-Bone, Steffen E Petersen, Cyrus Cooper
We investigated associations between calcium/vitamin D supplementation and incident cardiovascular events/deaths in a UK population-based cohort. UK Biobank is a large prospective cohort comprising 502,637 men and women aged 40-69 years at recruitment. Supplementation with calcium/vitamin D was self-reported, and information on incident hospital admission (ICD-10) for ischaemic heart disease (IHD), myocardial infarction (MI) any cardiovascular event, and subsequent death, was obtained from linkage to national registers...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304761/comparison-of-cancer-incidence-in-australian-farm-residents-45-years-and-over-compared-to-rural-non-farm-and-urban-residents-a-data-linkage-study
#8
Julie Depczynski, Timothy Dobbins, Bruce Armstrong, Tony Lower
BACKGROUND: It is not known if the incidence of common cancers in Australian farm residents is different to rural non-farm or urban residents. METHODS: Data from farm, rural non-farm and urban participants of the 45 and Up Study cohort in New South Wales, Australia, were linked with state cancer registry data for the years 2006-2009. Directly standardised rate ratios for cancer incidence were compared for all-cancer, prostate, breast, colorectal cancer, melanoma and non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL)...
January 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298802/associations-of-general-and-central-adiposity-with-incident-diabetes-in-chinese-men-and-women
#9
Fiona Bragg, Kun Tang, Yu Guo, Andri Iona, Huaidong Du, Michael V Holmes, Zheng Bian, Christiana Kartsonaki, Yiping Chen, Ling Yang, Qiang Sun, Caixia Dong, Junshi Chen, Rory Collins, Richard Peto, Liming Li, Zhengming Chen
OBJECTIVE: We assess associations of general and central adiposity in middle age and of young adulthood adiposity with incident diabetes in adult Chinese and estimate the associated population burden of diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The prospective China Kadoorie Biobank enrolled 512,891 adults 30-79 years of age from 10 localities across China during 2004-2008. During 9.2 years of follow-up, 13,416 cases of diabetes were recorded among 482,589 participants without diabetes at baseline...
January 3, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272977/association-between-serum-levels-of-testosterone-and-biomarkers-of-subclinical-atherosclerosis
#10
Babak Rezanezhad, Rasmus Borgquist, Ronnie Willenheimer, Saad Elzanaty
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between serum levels of testosterone and biomarkers of subclinical atherosclerosis based on data from 119 middle-aged men of the general population. METHODS: Testosterone, Apolipoprotein A-1 (ApoA-1), Apolipoprotein B (ApoB), Apolipoprotein B-to-Apolipoprotein A-1 ratio (ApoB-to-ApoA-1), high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), and fibrinogen levels were measured. Data were also gathered based on age, BMI, waist circumference, smoking, alcohol consumption, and family history of cardiovascular diseases...
December 22, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258470/health-and-healthcare-disparities-among-u-s-women-and-men-at-the-intersection-of-sexual-orientation-and-race-ethnicity-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-study
#11
Mai-Han Trinh, Madina Agénor, S Bryn Austin, Chandra L Jackson
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that sexual minorities (SMs) (e.g. lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals), compared to their heterosexual counterparts, may engage in riskier health behaviors, are at higher risk of some adverse health outcomes, and are more likely to experience reduced health care access and utilization. However, few studies have examined how the interplay between race and sexual orientation impacts a range of health measures in a nationally representative sample of the U...
December 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247507/clinicopathological-characteristics-of-cutaneous-malignant-melanoma-in-patients-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-macaronesia-survival-as-a-function-of-locoregional-prognostic-factors-per-the-american-joint-committee-on-cancer
#12
Ricardo Fernández-de-Misa Cabrera, Benjamín González Delgado, Luisa E Gambra Michel, Cristian Casale, Antonio Lopez Figueroa, Jon Uña Gorospe, José C Martínez Cedrés, Miguel A Cabrera Suárez, Sofía Garrido Ríos, Noelia Hernández Hernández, Alejandro Tébar Díaz, Aitana Sánchez Barrios, Ana Allende Riera, Antonio Perera Molinero
BACKGROUND: Despite suffering high ultraviolet radiation levels, few data on malignant melanoma (MM) in Macaronesia are available. METHODS: Observational study of cutaneous MM cases diagnosed during a period of 12 years at a tertiary hospital in Canary Islands. RESULTS: A total of 532 patients (female/male = 1.4) with an average age of 56 years were included; 5% developed more than one MM, and 7% reported family history of MM. Phototype II (43%), dark eyes (41%), and dark hair (41%) predominated...
December 16, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229510/opacification-of-nondilated-bile-ducts-through-the-gallbladder-as-an-aid-to-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage
#13
K Ozturk, O F Nas, E Soylu, K Hacikurt, C Erdogan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess the potential of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) in patients with nondilated bile ducts (NDBD) using a transgallbladder opacification of the bile ducts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight patients with NDBD (7 men, 1 women; median age, 65 years; Q1-Q3, 35-69 years; range, 22-77 years) who underwent PTBD after opacification of the bile ducts through the gallbladder were evaluated. Opacification of NDBD was performed using a retrograde injection of contrast material through the gallbladder...
December 8, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223188/disordered-eating-in-sami-and-non-sami-norwegian-populations-the-saminor-2-clinical-survey
#14
Kirsti Kvaløy, Marita Melhus, Anne Silviken, Magritt Brustad, Tore Sørlie, Ann Ragnhild Broderstad
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate disordered eating (DE) among Sami compared with non-Sami residing in northern Norway. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional design, stratified by sex and ethnicity, associations were tested between DE (Eating Disturbance Scale; EDS-5) and age, education level, BMI category, anxiety and depression, physical activity and consumption of snacks. SETTING: The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey (2012-2014) based on the population of ten municipalities in northern Norway...
December 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220556/drug-treatment-of-hypertension-in-sweden-in-relation-to-sex-age-and-comorbidity
#15
Fredrik Wallentin, Björn Wettermark, Thomas Kahan
The authors investigated antihypertensive drug treatment in Sweden using the Stockholm Regional Healthcare Data Warehouse, providing information on all healthcare consultations, diagnoses, hospitalizations, dispensed prescription drugs, sex, and age in 2.1 million persons. This cross-sectional analysis identified 292 428 individuals 20 years or older with hypertension (mean age 68 ± 13 years, 53% women). About half had no diabetes mellitus or cardiovascular comorbidity. The number of dispensed drugs was lower in women than in men (1...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211181/-violence-committed-by-acquaintances-brazil-2013
#16
Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Raniela Borges Sinimbu, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Alexandre Fonseca Santos, Maria Lucia França Pontes Vieira, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald
The scope of this article is to describe the prevalence of violence committed by acquaintances in accordance with demographic characteristics. It is a descriptive study, based on data from a population-based National Health Research survey conducted in Brazil in 2013. Data from the adult population (≥ 18 years) of 64,348 households. Prevalence rates were calculated and their respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) according to gender, age, education, race/color, area of residence and geographical region...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209163/voluntary-ambulation-by-upper-limb-triggered-hal%C3%A2-in-patients-with-complete-quadri-paraplegia-due-to-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Yukiyo Shimizu, Hideki Kadone, Shigeki Kubota, Kenji Suzuki, Tetsuya Abe, Tomoyuki Ueno, Yuichiro Soma, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Yasushi Hada, Masashi Yamazaki
Patients with complete paraplegia after spinal cord injury (SCI) are unable to stand or walk on their own. Standing exercise decreases the risk of decubitus ulcers, osteoporosis, and joint deformities in patients with SCI. Conventional gait training for complete paraplegia requires excessive upper limb usage for weight bearing and is difficult in cases of complete quadriplegia. The purpose of this study was to describe voluntary ambulation triggered by upper limb activity using the Hybrid Assistive Limb® (HAL) in patients with complete quadri/paraplegia after chronic SCI...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201451/neuroendocrine-tumors-of-the-thymus
#18
REVIEW
Pier Luigi Filosso, Enrico Ruffini, Paolo Solidoro, Matteo Roffinella, Paolo Olivo Lausi, Paraskevas Lyberis, Alberto Oliaro, Francesco Guerrera
Primary neuroendocrine tumors of the thymus (NETTs) are rare and biologically very aggressive neoplasms, usually located in the anterior mediastinal space. They are more frequently observed in males, in their fourth/fifth decades of life. In 50% of cases, NETTs are associated with endocrinopaties [Cushing's syndrome, acromegaly or Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia-1 (MEN-1) syndrome]. NETTs very often present with invasion of the surrounding mediastinal anatomical structures. Surgery, even in advanced stages, is the mainstay of treatment: a compete resection through a median sternotomy or a combined access (sternotomy + thoracotomy) should be always attempted...
November 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195746/association-between-migrant-worker-experience-limitations-on-insurance-coverage-and-hospitalization-for-schizophrenia-in-hunan-province-china
#19
Yifan Zhu, Xinran Hu, Bo Yang, Guowei Wu, Zheng Wang, Zhimin Xue, Jincheng Shi, Xuan Ouyang, Zhening Liu, Robert Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: While transnational migration has been shown to be a risk factor for schizophrenia, studies have not examined whether massive internal rural-to-urban migration in China in recent years has increased the risk of hospitalization for schizophrenia, or schizophrenia symptom severity among migrants. METHOD: In a sample of patients acutely hospitalized with schizophrenia in Changsha, Hunan Province, China (N=334), the proportion of past migrant workers among patients was compared to the proportion of past migrant workers in the general adult population of Hunan...
November 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187678/additive-value-of-3t-3d-ciss-imaging-to-conventional-mri-for-assessing-the-abnormal-vessels-of-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistulae
#20
Hiroyuki Uetani, Toshinori Hirai, Mika Kitajima, Minako Azuma, Shigetoshi Yano, Hideo Nakamura, Keishi Makino, Yutaka Kai, Yasunori Nagayama, Yoshihito Kadota, Yasuyuki Yamashita
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the additive value of the 3T three-dimensional (3D) constructive interference in steady state (CISS) sequence to conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the evaluation of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae (SDAVF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 16 consecutive patients (15 men, 1 woman; age range 42-81 years; mean 64 years) with SDAVF who underwent 3T MRI and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) before treatment. Two neuroradiologists independently evaluated the presence of abnormal vessels on 3D CISS-, T2- and T1-weighted images (T1WI, T2WI), and contrast-enhanced T1WI using a 3-point grading system...
November 29, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
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