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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727762/sexual-diversity-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-nationally-representative-probability-sample-of-adult-women-and-men
#1
Debby Herbenick, Jessamyn Bowling, Tsung-Chieh Jane Fu, Brian Dodge, Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Stephanie Sanders
In 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional, Internet-based, U.S. nationally representative probability survey of 2,021 adults (975 men, 1,046 women) focused on a broad range of sexual behaviors. Individuals invited to participate were from the GfK KnowledgePanel®. The survey was titled the 2015 Sexual Exploration in America Study and survey completion took about 12 to 15 minutes. The survey was confidential and the researchers never had access to respondents' identifiers. Respondents reported on demographic items, lifetime and recent sexual behaviors, and the appeal of 50+ sexual behaviors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722206/alcohol-consumption-and-risk-of-urothelial-cell-bladder-cancer-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-cohort
#2
E Botteri, P Ferrari, N Roswall, A Tjønneland, A Hjartåker, J M Huerta, R T Fortner, A Trichopoulou, A Karakatsani, C La Vecchia, V Pala, A Perez-Cornago, E Sonestedt, F Liedberg, K Overvad, M J Sánchez, I T Gram, M Stepien, L Trijsburg, L Börje, M Johansson, T Kühn, S Panico, R Tumino, H B Bueno-de-Mesquita, E Weiderpass
Findings on the association between alcohol consumption and bladder cancer are inconsistent. We investigated that association in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort. We included 476,160 individuals mostly aged 35-70 years, enrolled in ten countries and followed for 13.9 years on average. Hazard ratios (HR) for developing urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC; 1,802 incident cases) were calculated using Cox proportional hazards models. Alcohol consumption at baseline and over the life course was analyzed, as well as different types of beverages (beer, wine, spirits)...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718171/younger-patients-and-men-achieve-higher-outcome-scores-than-older-patients-and-women-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#3
Kate E Webster, Julian A Feller
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that functional performance and validated outcome scores differ according to the gender, age, and sport participation status of a patient after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, the impact of these three factors, and interaction among them, has not been studied across a large relatively homogeneous group of patients to better elucidate their impact. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We reviewed a large cohort of patients who had undergone ACL reconstruction to determine if ROM, knee laxity, objective performance measures, and validated outcome scores differed according to (1) gender; (2) age; and (3) sport participation status...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718071/cancer-survival-in-adult-patients-in-spain-results-from-nine-population-based-cancer-registries
#4
M D Chirlaque, D Salmerón, J Galceran, A Ameijide, A Mateos, A Torrella, R Jiménez, N Larrañaga, R Marcos-Gragera, E Ardanaz, M Sant, P Minicozzi, C Navarro, M J Sánchez
INTRODUCTION: With the aim of providing cancer control indicators, this work presents cancer survival in adult (≥15 years) patients in Spain diagnosed during the period 2000-2007 from Spanish cancer registries participating in the EUROCARE project. METHODS: Cancer cases from nine Spanish population-based cancer registries were included and analysed as a whole. All primary malignant neoplasms diagnosed in adult patients were eligible for the analysis. Cancer patients were followed until 31 December 2008...
July 17, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706426/healthcare-utilization-and-costs-associated-with-gastroparesis
#5
Vaibhav Wadhwa, Dhruv Mehta, Yash Jobanputra, Rocio Lopez, Prashanthi N Thota, Madhusudhan R Sanaka
AIM: To use a national database of United States hospitals to evaluate the incidence and costs of hospital admissions associated with gastroparesis. METHODS: We analyzed the National Inpatient Sample Database (NIS) for all patients in whom gastroparesis (ICD-9 code: 536.3) was the principal discharge diagnosis during the period, 1997-2013. The NIS is the largest publicly available all-payer inpatient care database in the United States. It contains data from approximately eight million hospital stays each year...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689987/risk-factors-associated-with-atherogenic-dyslipidemia-in-the-presence-of-optimal-statin-therapy
#6
Wang Zhao, Xi-Long Zheng, Ze-Nan Jiang, Xiao-Bo Liao, Shui-Ping Zhao
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the prevalence of atherogenic dyslipidemia (AD) in Chinese outpatients whose low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels reached the goals with statin monotherapy and evaluated the characteristics of these patients. METHODS: An analysis of the Dyslipidemia International Survey-China study that was carried out at 122 hospitals in China. Among patients reaching their LDL-C goals, the presence of AD was defined as triglyceride levels ≥1...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680318/clinical-electrophysiological-and-serological-evaluation-of-patients-with-cramp-fasciculation-syndrome
#7
Mürüvvet Poyraz, Zeliha Matur, Fikret Aysal, Erdem Tüzün, Lütfü Hanoğlu, A Emre Öge
INTRODUCTION: Cramp-fasciculation syndrome (CFS) is a rare peripheral nerve hyperexcitability syndrome. There are only a few reports on clinical and serological profile of a CFS cohort that was followed up by a single outpatient clinic. METHODS: Clinical, electrophysiological, and serological features of 6 CFS patients (5 men, 1 woman; 27-65 years old) were investigated. RESULTS: All patients presented with cramps, fasciculations, muscle pain, and autonomic symptoms, and 2 also reported numbness and burning sensation in limbs, suggestive of neuropathic pain...
June 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667469/reliability-validity-and-factor-structure-of-the-hopkins-symptom-checklist-25-population-based-study-of-persons-living-with-hiv-in-rural-uganda
#8
Scholastic Ashaba, Bernard Kakuhikire, Dagmar Vořechovská, Jessica M Perkins, Christine E Cooper-Vince, Samuel Maling, David R Bangsberg, Alexander C Tsai
Depression and anxiety are highly comorbid among people living with HIV (PLHIV), but few instruments for screening or measurement have been validated for use in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this study was to determine the reliability, validity, and factor structure of the 25-item Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL) in a population-based sample of PLHIV in rural Uganda. This study was nested within an ongoing population-based cohort of all residents living in Nyakabare Parish, Mbarara District, Uganda. All participants who identified as HIV-positive by self-report were included in this analysis...
June 30, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646871/coffee-and-caffeine-intake-and-male-infertility-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Elena Ricci, Paola Viganò, Sonia Cipriani, Edgardo Somigliana, Francesca Chiaffarino, Alessandro Bulfoni, Fabio Parazzini
BACKGROUND: Semen quality, a predictor of male fertility, has been suggested declining worldwide. Among other life style factors, male coffee/caffeine consumption was hypothesized to influence semen parameters, but also sperm DNA integrity. To summarize available evidence, we performed a systematic review of observational studies on the relation between coffee/caffeine intake and parameters of male fertility including sperm ploidy, sperm DNA integrity, semen quality and time to pregnancy...
June 24, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619298/alternative-medicine-worker-health-and-absenteeism-in-the-united-states
#10
Kate Rybczynski
Health related absenteeism costs an estimated $153 billion annually in the United States (Witters and Agrawal, 2011).(1) Chronic conditions (major contributors to absenteeism) are often successfully managed by Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM). As CAM becomes an increasingly visible component of healthcare, firms may wish to consider whether CAM therapies can help reduce illness-related absenteeism. This paper aims to extend the literature on healthcare utilization and absenteeism by exploring whether CAM treatment is associated with fewer workdays missed due to illness...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610844/overexpression-of-eif4f-components-in-meningiomas-and-suppression-of-meningioma-cell-growth-by-inhibiting-translation-initiation
#11
Janet L Oblinger, Sarah S Burns, Jie Huang, Li Pan, Yulin Ren, Rulong Shen, A Douglas Kinghorn, D Bradley Welling, Long-Sheng Chang
Meningiomas frequently display activation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, leading to elevated levels of phospho-eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E binding proteins, which enhances protein synthesis; however, it is not known whether inhibition of protein translation is an effective treatment option for meningiomas. We found that human meningiomas expressed high levels of the three components of the eukaryotic initiation factor 4F (eIF4F) translation initiation complex, eIF4A, eIF4E, and eIF4G. The expression of eIF4A and eIF4E was important in sustaining the growth of NF2-deficient benign meningioma Ben-Men-1 cells, as shRNA-mediated knockdown of these proteins strongly reduced cell proliferation...
June 10, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601090/physical-health-related-quality-of-life-in-relation-to-metabolic-health-and-obesity-among-men-and-women-in-germany
#12
Julia Truthmann, Gert B M Mensink, Anja Bosy-Westphal, Ulfert Hapke, Christa Scheidt-Nave, Anja Schienkiewitz
BACKGROUND: This study examined sex-specific differences in physical health-related quality of life (HRQoL) across subgroups of metabolic health and obesity. We specifically asked whether (1) obesity is related to lower HRQoL independent of metabolic health status and potential confounders, and (2) whether associations are similar in men and women. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the German Health Interview and Examination Survey 2008-11. Physical HRQoL was measured using the Short Form-36 version 2 physical component summary (PCS) score...
June 10, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598909/cardiorespiratory-reference-data-in-older-adults-the-generation-100-study
#13
Dorthe Stensvold, Silvana Bucher Sandbakk, Hallgeir Viken, Nina Zisko, Line Skarsem Reitlo, Javaid Nauman, Svein Erik Gaustad, Erlend Hassel, Marcel Moufack, Eivind Brønstad, Nils Petter Aspvik, Vegard Malmo, Sigurd Loe Steinshamn, Asbjørn Støylen, Sigmund Alfred Anderssen, Jorunn L Helbostad, Øivind Rognmo, Ulrik Wisløff
PURPOSE: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is regarded a clinical vital sign, and accurate reference values for all age groups are essential. Little data exist on CRF and cardiorespiratory function in older adults. The aim of this study was to provide normative values for CRF and cardiorespiratory function in older adults, including people with history of cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: In total, 1537 (769 women) participants aged 70-77 underwent clinical examinations and cardiopulmonary exercise tests...
June 9, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592455/the-incidence-of-sudep-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Olafur Sveinsson, Tomas Andersson, Sofia Carlsson, Torbjörn Tomson
OBJECTIVE: To identify all cases of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) among people in Sweden during 1 year and to determine the SUDEP incidence in relation to age, sex, and psychiatric comorbidity. METHODS: We included all individuals with a hospital-based ambulatory care or hospital discharge diagnosis of epilepsy in the Swedish National Patient Registry during 1998-2005 who were alive on January 1, 2008. Deaths during 2008 were identified by linkage to the National Cause of Death Registry...
July 11, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584650/are-men-under-treated-and-women-over-treated-with-antidepressants-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-sweden
#15
Lena Thunander Sundbom, Kerstin Bingefors, Kerstin Hedborg, Dag Isacson
Aims and method To examine gender differences in self-reported depression and prescribed antidepressants (ADs). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to assess depression, and information on prescribed ADs was obtained from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register. Results Depression was reported by 11.7% of the participants (12.3% men and 11.2% women). ADs were prescribed for 7.6% of the participants (5.3% men, 9.8% women). Among men, 1.8% reported depression and used ADs, 10.5% reported depression but did not use ADs, and 3...
June 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581205/testing-radical-prostatectomy-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-and-oligometastases-to-the-bone-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#16
Prasanna Sooriakumaran
This is the Protocol of the ethically-approved TRoMbone study.
June 5, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567607/pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-in-men1-disease-a-mono-centric-longitudinal-and-prognostic-study
#17
S Chiloiro, F Lanza, A Bianchi, G Schinzari, M G Brizi, A Giampietro, V Rufini, F Inzani, A Giordano, G Rindi, A Pontecorvi, L De Marinis
PURPOSE: Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an inherited endocrine neoplastic syndrome associated with a greater risk of endocrine tumor development like pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (p-NET), with different clinical characteristics from sporadic ones. This paper aims to compare clinical, hystological and morphological aspects of p-NET in patients affected from MEN1 (MEN1+) and not-affected ones (MEN1-). METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study...
May 31, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562685/gender-difference-in-relationship-between-serum-ferritin-and-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-in-korean-adults
#18
Jeong Min Seong, Yo Sang Yoon, Kyu Su Lee, Nan Young Bae, Mi Young Gi, Hyun Yoon
BACKGROUND: The present study was conducted to assess the gender difference in the relationship between serum ferritin and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in Korean adults. METHODS: A total of 5,147 adults (2,162 men, 1,563 premenopausal women, and 1,422 postmenopausal women) aged ≥ 20 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data (2012) were analyzed. A covariance test adjusted for covariates was performed for serum ferritin levels in relation to vitamin D status (vitamin D deficiency, 25(OH)D < 10...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559776/association-between-serum-testosterone-and-psa-levels-in-middle-aged-healthy-men-from-the-general-population
#19
Saad Elzanaty, Babak Rezanezhad, Gert Dohle
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between serum testosterone and PSA levels in middle-aged healthy men from the general population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on 119 healthy men from the general population, total testosterone and PSA levels were measured. Demographic data regarding BMI, waist-to-hip ratio, smoking, and alcohol consumption were also collected. Men were classified into two groups according to testosterone levels; hypogonadal (testosterone ≤ 12 nmol/l), and eugonadal (testosterone > 12 nmol/l)...
April 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554736/heat-transfer-and-loss-by-whole-body-hyperthermia-during-severe-lower-body-heating-are-impaired-in-healthy-older-men
#20
Marius Brazaitis, Henrikas Paulauskas, Nerijus Eimantas, Diana Obelieniene, Neringa Baranauskiene, Albertas Skurvydas
Most studies demonstrate that aging is associated with a weakened thermoregulation. However, it remains unclear whether heat transfer (for heat loss) from the lower (uncompensable) to the upper (compensable) body during passively-induced severe lower-body heating is delayed or attenuated with aging. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to investigate heat transfer from uncompensable to compensable body areas in young men and healthy older men during passively-induced whole-body hyperthermia with a demonstrated post-heating change in core body (rectal; Tre) temperature...
May 26, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
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