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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890524/the-dancavas-pilot-study-of-multifaceted-screening-for-subclinical-cardiovascular-disease-in-men-and-women-aged-65-74%C3%A2-years
#1
T V Kvist, J S Lindholt, L M Rasmussen, R Søgaard, J Lambrechtsen, F H Steffensen, L Frost, M H Olsen, H Mickley, J Hallas, G Urbonaviciene, M Busk, K Egstrup, A C P Diederichsen
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: This pilot study of a large population based randomised screening trial investigated feasibility, acceptability, and relevance (prevalence of clinical and subclinical cardiovascular disease [CVD] and proportion receiving insufficient prevention) of a multifaceted screening for CVD. METHODS: In total, 2060 randomly selected Danish men and women aged 65-74 years were offered (i) low dose non-contrast computed tomography to detect coronary artery calcification (CAC) and aortic/iliac aneurysms; (ii) detection of atrial fibrillation (AF); (iii) brachial and ankle blood pressure measurements; and (iv) blood levels of cholesterol and hemoglobin A1c...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885067/repeat-infection-with-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-among-active-duty-u-s-army-personnel-a-population-based-case-series-study
#2
Christian T Bautista, Eyako K Wurapa, Warren B Sateren, Sara M Morris, Bruce P Hollingsworth, Jose L Sanchez
Little information is known on the rate of repeat gonorrhea infection among U.S. military personnel. We analyzed all gonorrhea cases reported to the Defense Medical Surveillance System during 2006-2012 to determine the rate of repeat infection. During the seven-year study period, 17,602 active duty U.S. Army personnel with a first incident gonorrhea infection were reported. Among the 4987 women with a first gonorrhea infection, 14.4% had at least one repeat infection. Among the 12,615 men with a first gonorrhea infection, 13...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869535/serum-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-levelsand-frailty-in-the-elderly-the-pro-v-a-study
#3
Nicola Veronese, Sara Watutantrige, Stefania Maggi, Marianna Noale, Brendon Stubbs, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Sabina Zambon, Maria Chiara Corti, Egle Perissinotto, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
High or low thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels seem to be associated with several negative outcomes in the elderly, but the literature about TSH and frailty is still limited. In this paper, we investigated whether TSH is associated with prevalent and incident frailty in a cohort of older community-dwelling subjects. Among 3,099 initially screened in the Progetto Veneto Anziani Study, 2,571 men and women aged >65 years (for cross-sectional analyses) and 1,732 (longitudinal, mean follow-up period of 4...
November 21, 2016: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864244/impact-of-smoking-on-fertility-and-age-of-menopause-a-population-based-assessment
#4
Jean-Baptiste Oboni, Pedro Marques-Vidal, François Bastardot, Peter Vollenweider, Gérard Waeber
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Studies in patients seeking medically assisted reproduction have shown that smoking reduces fertility, but little information is available in the general population. We assessed the associations between smoking and the number of children, childbearing planning and age at menopause in a representative sample of the population of Lausanne, Switzerland. METHODS: Data from 6711 participants (3530 women, age range 35-75 years) collected between 2003 and 2006 and again in 2009 and 2012...
November 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863998/swaziland-hiv-incidence-measurement-survey-shims-a-prospective-national-cohort-study
#5
Jessica Justman, Jason B Reed, George Bicego, Deborah Donnell, Keala Li, Naomi Bock, Alison Koler, Neena M Philip, Charmaine K Mlambo, Bharat S Parekh, Yen T Duong, Dennis L Ellenberger, Wafaa M El-Sadr, Rejoice Nkambule
BACKGROUND: Swaziland has the highest national HIV prevalence worldwide. The Swaziland HIV Incidence Measurement Survey (SHIMS) provides the first national HIV incidence estimate based on prospectively observed HIV seroconversions. METHODS: A two-stage survey sampling design was used to select a nationally representative sample of men and women aged 18-49 years from 14 891 households in 575 enumeration areas in Swaziland, who underwent household-based counselling and rapid HIV testing during 2011...
November 15, 2016: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856810/impacts-of-chronic-kidney-disease-and-diabetes-on-cardiovascular-mortality-in-a-general-japanese-population-a-20-year-follow-up-of-the-nippon-data90-study
#6
Aya Hirata, Tomonori Okamura, Daisuke Sugiyama, Kazuyo Kuwabara, Aya Kadota, Akira Fujiyoshi, Katsuyuki Miura, Nagako Okuda, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Akira Okayama, Hirotsugu Ueshima
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown significant associations of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. The impact on the general population is an important public health issue. However, the population attributable fraction (PAF) of CVD because of CKD and/or DM in a general population is uncertain. METHODS: We followed 7229 participants (age: ≥30 years) with no history of CVD in a Japanese community. We divided participants into four categories according to CKD and/or DM and calculated hazard ratios (HRs) of CVD mortality for each category using a Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for age, dyslipidemia, smoking and alcohol consumption...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843075/increased-serum-ferritin-levels-are-independently-related-to-incidence-of-prediabetes-in-adult-populations
#7
G Meng, H Yang, X Bao, Q Zhang, L Liu, H Wu, H Du, Y Xia, H Shi, X Guo, X Liu, C Li, Q Su, Y Gu, L Fang, F Yu, S Sun, X Wang, M Zhou, Q Jia, Q Guo, K Song, G Huang, G Wang, Y Wu, K Niu
AIM: To comprehensively and exhaustively assess the relationship between serum ferritin levels and incidence of prediabetes in a prospective study. METHODS: This prospective cohort study (n=7380) with a mean follow-up of 3.07 years (range: 1-7, 95% CI: 3.03-3.12) was conducted in Tianjin, China. Blood fasting glucose, oral glucose tolerance test, serum ferritin levels and other potentially confounding factors were measured at baseline and at each year of follow-up...
November 11, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837041/acute-effects-of-resistance-exercise-with-continuous-and-intermittent-blood-flow-restriction-on-hemodynamic-measurements-and-perceived-exertion
#8
Gabriel R Neto, Jefferson S Novaes, Verônica P Salerno, Michel M Gonçalves, Bruna K L Piazera, Thais Rodrigues-Rodrigues, Maria S Cirilo-Sousa
This study compared the acute effects of low-intensity resistance exercise (RE) sessions for the upper limb with continuous and intermittent blood flow restriction (BFR) and high-intensity RE with no BFR on lactate, heart rate, double product (DP; heart rate times systolic blood pressure), and perceived exertion (RPE). Ten recreationally trained men (1-5 years strength training; age mean = 19 ± 0.82 years) performed three experimental protocols in random order: (a) low-intensity RE at 20% one-repetition maximum (1RM) with intermittent BFR (LI + IBFR), (b) low-intensity RE at 20% 1RM with continuous BFR (LI + CBFR), and (c) high-intensity RE at 80% 1RM...
November 11, 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834535/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-comorbidity-trajectories-associated-with-traumatic-brain-injury-in-veterans-of-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-wars
#9
Mary Jo Pugh, Erin P Finley, Chen-Pin Wang, Laurel A Copeland, Carlos A Jaramillo, Alicia A Swan, Christine A Elnitsky, Luci K Leykum, Eric M Mortensen, Blessen A Eapen, Polly H Noel, Jacqueline A Pugh
OBJECTIVES: To identify and validate trajectories of comorbidity associated with traumatic brain injury in male and female Iraq and Afghanistan war Veterans (IAV). METHODS: Derivation and validation cohorts were compiled of IAV who entered the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) care and received 3 years of VA care between 2002-2011. Chronic disease and comorbidities associated with deployment including TBI were identified using diagnosis codes. A latent class analysis (LCA) of longitudinal comorbidity data was used to identify trajectories of comorbidity...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814888/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-angiography-for-the-localization-of-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-at-3t
#10
G Zhou, M H Li, C Lu, Y L Yin, Y Q Zhu, X E Wei, H T Lu, Q Q Zheng, W W Gao
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to evaluate the accuracy of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (DCE-MRA) in the precise location and demonstration of fistulous points in spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVFs). METHODS: Fifteen patients (14 men, 1 woman; age range: 40-78 years; mean: 55.5 years) harboring SDAVF who underwent preoperative DCE-MRA and spinal digital subtraction angiography (DSA) between January 2012 and January 2015 were evaluated retrospectively...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814503/epidemiology-of-dsm-5-bipolar-i-disorder-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-iii
#11
Carlos Blanco, Wilson M Compton, Tulshi D Saha, Benjamin I Goldstein, W June Ruan, Boji Huang, Bridget F Grant
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to present 12-month and lifetime prevalence, correlates, comorbidity, treatment and disability of DSM-5 bipolar I disorder. METHODS: Nationally representative U.S. adult sample (N = 36,309), the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions - III. RESULTS: Prevalences of 12-month and lifetime DSM-5 bipolar I disorder were 1.5% and 2.1% and did not differ between men (1...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799596/utility-of-genetic-and-non-genetic-risk-factors-in-predicting-coronary-heart-disease-in-singaporean-chinese
#12
Xuling Chang, Agus Salim, Rajkumar Dorajoo, Yi Han, Chiea-Chuen Khor, Rob M van Dam, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh, Jianjun Liu, Daniel Yt Goh, Xu Wang, Yik-Ying Teo, Yechiel Friedlander, Chew-Kiat Heng
BACKGROUND: Although numerous phenotype based equations for predicting risk of 'hard' coronary heart disease are available, data on the utility of genetic information for such risk prediction is lacking in Chinese populations. DESIGN: Case-control study nested within the Singapore Chinese Health Study. METHODS: A total of 1306 subjects comprising 836 men (267 incident cases and 569 controls) and 470 women (128 incident cases and 342 controls) were included...
October 31, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776609/gender-differences-in-mental-health-during-the-economic-crisis
#13
Margalida Gili, Emilio López-Navarro, Adoración Castro, Clara Homar, Capilla Navarro, Mauro García-Toro, Javier García-Campayo, Miquel Roca
BACKGROUND: Economic crises have a negative effect on mental health. Little evidence has been published on the impact of economic downturns on male and female. The aim of the study was to analyze gender differences in specific mental disorders in primary care during the current economic recession in Spain. METHOD: A total of 7,914 patients in 2006 and 5,876 patients in 2010 were recruited to collect sociodemographic data and the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773149/parathyroid-morphology-and-menin-staining%C3%A2-in-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-1-men-1
#14
L Prentice, H K Muller, J R Burgess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770475/long-term-outcomes-in-patients-with-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-1-and-pancreaticoduodenal-neuroendocrine-tumors
#15
D Donegan, N Singh Ospina, R Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Z Al-Hilli, G B Thompson, B L Clarke, W F Young
BACKGROUND: In patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN-1), pancreaticoduodenal (PD) neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are associated with early mortality, yet, the best treatment strategy, remains uncertain. AIM: To assess patient important outcomes (mortality and metastasis) of PD NETs and predictors of outcomes in patients with MEN-1. METHODS: Retrospective cohort of patients with MEN-1 who attended the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN from 1997-2014...
October 21, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752332/importance-of-length-and-external-diameter-in-left-ventricular-geometry-normal-values-from-the-hunt-study
#16
Asbjørn Støylen, Harald E Mølmen, Håvard Dalen
BACKGROUND: We aimed to study left ventricular (LV) geometry assessed by length (LVWL), external diameter (LVEDD) and relative wall thickness (RWT) in relation to age, body size and gender in healthy individuals. METHODS: 1266 individuals underwent echocardiography in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT3), Norway. Septum thickness (IVS), posterior wall thickness (LVPWd) and end-diastolic internal diameter (LVIDD) were measured in M-mode, and LVEDD was calculated as the sum...
2016: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745531/epidemiology-of-emergency-department-visits-for-anxiety-in-the-united-states-2009-2011
#17
Tyra Dark, Heather A Flynn, George Rust, Heidi Kinsell, Jeffrey S Harman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiology of anxiety-related emergency department (ED) visits in the United States and assess the care provided during those visits. METHODS: Data from the 2009-2011 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey were used to identify all ED visits in which the patient received a primary anxiety diagnosis or declared anxiety as the reason for the visit (N=1,029). Patient characteristics, treatment provided, and dispositions of these nationally representative visits were assessed...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743070/african-americans-have-lower-tbs-than-whites-among-densitometry-patients-at-a-chicago-academic-center
#18
R K Jain, T J Vokes
: Trabecular bone score, an indirect measure of bone structure, may differ between ethnicities. We found that African Americans had lower trabecular bone score than do whites referred for densitometry, even when controlling for age and abdominal soft tissue thickness. PURPOSE: Trabecular bone score (TBS), an indirect measure of bone structure, has been shown to predict fractures in predominantly white populations. Analysis of NHANES data revealed lower TBS in African Americans than in whites...
October 14, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736312/evaluation-of-sex-specific-movement-patterns-in-judo-using-probabilistic-neural-networks
#19
Bianca Miarka, Katarzyna Sterkowicz-Przybycien, David H Fukuda
The purpose of the present study was to create a probabilistic neural network (PNN) to clarify the understanding of movement patterns in international judo competitions by gender. Analysis of 773 male and 638 female bouts was utilized to identify movements during the approach, gripping, attack (including biomechanical designations), groundwork, defense, and pause phases. PNN and χ(2) tests modeled and compared frequencies (p≤0.05). Women (mean[interquartile range]: 9.9[4;14]) attacked more than men (7.0[3;10]) while attempting a greater number of arm/leg lever (women: 2...
October 13, 2016: Motor Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736026/sarcopenic-obesity-and-its-temporal-associations-with-changes-in-bone-mineral-density-incident-falls-and-fractures-in-older-men-the-concord-health-and-ageing-in-men-project
#20
David Scott, Markus Seibel, Robert Cumming, Vasi Naganathan, Fiona Blyth, David G Le Couteur, David J Handelsman, Louise M Waite, Vasant Hirani
Body composition and muscle function have important implications for falls and fractures in older adults. We aimed to investigate longitudinal associations between sarcopenic obesity and its components with bone mineral density (BMD), and incident falls and fractures, in Australian community-dwelling older men. 1,486 men aged ≥70 years from the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project (CHAMP) study were assessed at baseline (2005-2007), 2 year follow-up (2007-2009; N = 1,238), and 5 year follow-up (2010-2013; N = 861)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
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