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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166487/-mortality-from-assault-in-young-men-in-brazil-2010-2014-an-ecological-study
#1
Alice Cristina Medeiros Melo, Gabriela Drummond Marques da Silva, Leila Posenato Garcia
The aim was to analyze the association between risk of death from assault in young males and socio-demographic characteristics in Brazilian municipalities. In this ecological study, the units of analysis were the 1,651 municipalities of Brazil with more than 20,000 inhabitants. Data were obtained from the Brazilian Mortality Information System (SIM) and indicators were obtained from the 2010 Population Census and Human Development Atlas. Mortality rate ratios were estimated by a negative binomial regression model...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146992/pre-pregnancy-overweight-or-obesity-and-gestational-diabetes-as-predictors-of-body-composition-in-offspring-twenty-years-later-evidence-from-two-birth-cohort-studies
#2
N Kaseva, M Vääräsmäki, H-M Matinolli, M Sipola-Leppänen, M Tikanmäki, K Heinonen, A Lano, D Wolke, S Andersson, M-R Järvelin, K Räikkönen, G Eriksson Johan, E Kajantie
BACKGROUND: Global prevalence of overweight/obesity and gestational diabetes (GDM) is increasing. In pregnant women both conditions affect offspring's later health. Overweight/obesity is a risk factor of GDM; to what extent maternal overweight/obesity explains long-term effects of GDM in offspring is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity (BMI ⩾25 kg/m(2)) and GDM, occurring together or separately, on body composition among adult offspring...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128174/health-related-quality-of-life-in-men1-patients-compared-with-other-chronic-conditions-and-the-united-states-general-population
#3
Benjamin J Peipert, Sneha Goswami, Susan E Yount, Cord Sturgeon
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in multiple endocrine neoplasia type-1 (MEN-1) is poorly described. HRQOL in MEN-1 was compared with other chronic conditions and the US general population. METHODS: Adults aged ≥18 years recruited from an MEN-1 support group (n=153) completed the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) 29-item profile. MEN-1 scores were compared with PROMIS scores reported in peer-reviewed literature from back pain (n=218), cancer (n=310), congestive heart failure (CHF; n=60), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; n=79), major depressive disorder (n=196), rheumatoid arthritis (RA; n=521), neuroendocrine tumors (NET; n=619), and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT; n=45) cohorts...
November 8, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126408/concomitant-glenohumeral-pathologies-in-high-grade-acromioclavicular-separation-type-iii-v
#4
Jochen Markel, Tim Schwarting, Dominik Malcherczyk, Christian-Dominik Peterlein, Steffen Ruchholtz, Bilal Farouk El-Zayat
BACKGROUND: Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocations are common injuries of the shoulder associated with physical activity. The diagnosis of concomitant injuries proves complicated due to the prominent clinical symptoms of acute ACJ dislocation. Because of increasing use of minimally invasive surgery techniques concomitant pathologies are diagnosed more often than with previous procedures. METHODS: The aim of this study was to identify the incidence of concomitant intraarticular injuries in patients with high-grade acromioclavicular separation (Rockwood type III - V) as well as to reveal potential risk constellations...
November 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122573/cause-specific-life-years-lost-in-people-with-mental-disorders-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#5
Annette Erlangsen, Per Kragh Andersen, Anita Toender, Thomas Munk Laursen, Merete Nordentoft, Vladimir Canudas-Romo
BACKGROUND: People with mental disorders have higher mortality rates than the general population and more detailed estimates of mortality differences are needed to address this public health issue. We aimed to assess whether differences in cause-specific mortality between people with and without mental disorders have changed between 1995 and 2014 by quantifying life-years lost and assessing differences over time. METHODS: Using a cohort design, we linked nationwide population data from the Danish Civil Registration System to information about hospital contacts from the Psychiatric Central Research Register and deaths from the Danish Cause of Death register...
November 6, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106788/early-onset-inguinal-hernia-as-risk-factor-for-schizophrenia-or-related-psychosis-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#6
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: In an earlier interview study, we found that more men with familial schizophrenia had undergone inguinal hernia operation, than men with sporadic schizophrenia. However, there are no other studies published specifically on inguinal hernia and schizophrenia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to carry out a Swedish register-based cohort study on the association between inguinal hernia and schizophrenia or related psychosis. METHODS: Data from the Total Population- and Medical Birth-Registers were used to create a cohort of all individuals born in Sweden 1987-1999 (n=1 406 168)...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104791/impact-of-vasectomy-on-the-sexual-satisfaction-of-couples-experience-from-a-specialized-clinic
#7
Tobias Engl, Sarah Hallmen, Wolf-D Beecken, Peter Rubenwolf, Elmar-W Gerharz, Stefan Vallo
Introduction: Vasectomy is the simplest, safest, and most effective form of definitive fertility control in men [1]. Vasectomy is used for 10% of contraception worldwide but only for 2% in Germany [2]. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of vasectomy on the sexual satisfaction of sterilized men and their partners. Material and methods: Vasectomized men and their partners were surveyed by means of the IIEF (International Index for Erectile Function) and the FSFI (Female Sexual Function Index) questionnaires...
2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084303/a-numeric-analysis-of-bone-density-in-the-edentulous-interforaminal-region
#8
Patrick Tavitian, Michel Ruquet, Chloe Mensé, Emmanuel Nicolas, Olivier Hue
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the density of interforaminal bone using quantitative computed tomography (QCT) in simulated case histories to be prescribed an All-on-Five fixed implant treatment protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: QCT scans from 30 edentulous patients (15 men and 15 women; mean age 63.33 ± 9.3 years) were analyzed using the Nobel Clinician software. Densities (in Hounsfield units [HU]) were recorded at the neck, middle part of the body, and apex of the lingual and buccal parts of proposed implant sites...
November 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074030/reliable-rapid-assay-for-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-in%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-emergency-department
#9
Sean P Wilson, Taher Vohra, Jared Goldberg, Christopher Price, Sean Calo, Meredith Mahan, Joseph Miller
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) are common sexually transmitted infections seen in the emergency department (ED). Due to an inability to reliably make accurate diagnosis by physical examination, concern for unreliable follow-up, and current delays in diagnostic nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT), presumptive treatment active against CT and NG, as described by Centers for Disease Control clinical practice guidelines, is often performed. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether a rapid, urine NAAT performed in the ED is noninferior in its diagnostic sensitivity compared with a traditional, swab NAAT assay...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064839/sex-differences-in-the-association-between-a-previous-cancer-diagnosis-and-the-use-of-medication
#10
Ana Rute Costa, Luís Pacheco-Figueiredo, Luís Alves, Nuno Lunet
We aimed to quantify the association between a previous cancer diagnosis and medication use, depicting possible sex differences. We analysed data from a representative sample of the Portuguese adult population (n=32 610), which was collected through face-to-face interviews, using a structured questionnaire. The effect of a previous diagnosis of cancer was quantified through prevalence ratios (PR), adjusted for age, education and region of residence. Cancer survivors (CS) reported higher use of prescribed medication, with greater adjusted PR among men (1...
October 23, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059337/understanding-personal-risk-of-oropharyngeal-cancer-risk-groups-for-oncogenic-oral-hpv-infection-and-oropharyngeal-cancer
#11
G D'Souza, T S McNeel, C Fakhry
Background: Incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal cancer is increasing. There is interest in identifying healthy individuals most at risk for development of oropharyngeal cancer to inform screening strategies. Patients and methods: All data are from 2009 to 2014, including 13 089 people ages 20-69 in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), oropharyngeal cancer cases from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER 18) registries (representing ∼28% of the US population), and oropharyngeal cancer mortality from National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)...
October 19, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055650/big-and-tall-does-a-height-premium-dwarf-an-obesity-penalty-in-the-labor-market
#12
Wang-Sheng Lee
Previous studies have shown that both height and weight are associated with wages. However, some gaps in our understanding of the relationship between body size and wages remain. For example, given a height premium and an obesity penalty, due to forces working in opposite directions, the current literature is unable to provide clear answers to questions such as whether a tall obese woman or a short healthy weight woman would earn a higher wage premium. Using Australian data and iso-contour wage curves derived from a semi-parametric wage regression model, this paper illustrates the complex nature of the relationship between height, weight and wages and how the nature of these differences depends on gender and age...
September 18, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053483/sex-specific-outcomes-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Yasameen Azarbaijani, Kathryn O'Callaghan, William E Sanders, Changfu Wu, John Laschinger, Danica Marinac-Dabic, David G Strauss, Daniel A Canos, Robbert Zusterzeel
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a safe and effective therapy for aortic valve replacement in patients ineligible for or at high risk for surgery. However, outcomes after TAVR based on an individual's sex remain to be fully elucidated. We searched PUBMED and EMBASE using the keywords: 'transcatheter aortic valve replacement', 'transcatheter aortic valve implantation', 'sex differences', 'gender', 'sex characteristics' and collected information on baseline features, procedural characteristics and post-procedural outcomes in women...
October 9, 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051002/men-with-severe-oligospermia-appear-to-benefit-from-varicocele-repair-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-assisted-reproductive-technology
#14
Justin M Dubin, Aubrey B Greer, Taylor P Kohn, Thomas A Masterson, Lunan Ji, Ranjith Ramasamy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of men who underwent varicocelectomy for TMSC < 2 million and to perform a cost effectiveness analysis of IUI and IVF/ICSI after varicocelectomy. METHODS: We prospectively collected data of men with TMSC less than 2 million who underwent microsurgical subinguinal varicocelectomy. Men with azoospermia were excluded. Serum testosterone, luteinizing hormone, and follicle stimulating hormone were measured pre-operatively. Post-operative semen analysis was collected first at 3 months and then every 3 months thereafter...
October 16, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049523/oral-human-papillomavirus-infection-differences-in-prevalence-between-sexes-and-concordance-with-genital-human-papillomavirus-infection-nhanes-2011-to-2014
#15
Kalyani Sonawane, Ryan Suk, Elizabeth Y Chiao, Jagpreet Chhatwal, Peihua Qiu, Timothy Wilkin, Alan G Nyitray, Andrew G Sikora, Ashish A Deshmukh
Background: The burden of human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is disproportionately high among men, yet empirical evidence regarding the difference in prevalence of oral HPV infection between men and women is limited. Concordance of oral and genital HPV infection among men is unknown. Objective: To determine the prevalence of oral HPV infection, as well as the concordance of oral and genital HPV infection, among U.S...
October 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049508/outcomes-in-women-and-minorities-compared-with-white-men-1-year-after-everolimus-eluting-stent-implantation-insights-and-results-from-the-platinum-diversity-and-promus-element-plus-post-approval-study-pooled-analysis
#16
Wayne Batchelor, David E Kandzari, Scott Davis, Luis Tami, John C Wang, Islam Othman, Osvaldo S Gigliotti, Amir Haghighat, Sarabjeet Singh, Mario Lopez, Gregory Giugliano, Phillip A Horwitz, Jaya Chandrasekhar, Paul Underwood, Craig A Thompson, Roxana Mehran
Importance: There exist limited outcomes data for women and minorities after contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Objective: To examine 1-year outcomes in women and minorities vs white men after PCI with everolimus-eluting stents. Design, Settings, and Participants: The PLATINUM Diversity study was a single-arm study enrolling women and minorities. Patient-level pooling with the PROMUS Element Plus Post-Approval Study was prespecified...
October 18, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049463/prevalence-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-australia-the-australian-national-eye-health-survey
#17
Stuart Keel, Jing Xie, Joshua Foreman, Peter van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
Importance: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of irreversible blindness among the elderly population globally. Currently, knowledge of the epidemiology of AMD in Australia remains scarce because of a paucity of recent population-based data. Objective: To examine the prevalence of AMD in Australia. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this population-based, cross-sectional survey performed from March 11, 2015, to April 18, 2016, a sample of 3098 nonindigenous Australians 50 years and older and 1738 indigenous Australians 40 years and older from 30 geographic areas across Australia were examined...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031428/aortic-valve-replacement-in-small-patients
#18
Y Hisata, S Yokose, S Hazama, I Matsumaru, K Eishi
OBJECTIVES: Asians are smaller than Europeans and North Americans, but aortic valve replacement (AVR) in small patients has not been examined. We aimed to compare short- and mid-term outcomes of AVR between small and non-small patients. METHODS: We retrospectively divided 173 patients who underwent AVR into small (S, n = 95) and non-small (NS, n = 78) groups according to body surface area (≤1.6 in men, ≤1.5 in women) and analyzed differences in baseline characteristics, procedural and post-procedural variables, and survival...
October 11, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030686/blood-mercury-concentration-in-relation-to-metabolic-and-weight-phenotypes-using-the-knhanes-2011-2013-data
#19
Kayoung Lee
PURPOSE: We assessed the association of blood mercury concentration with metabolic and weight phenotypes. METHODS: Blood mercury concentration, metabolic syndrome components, and body mass index (BMI) were measured in 6006 Korean adults (2963 men, 3043 women, mean age 44.7 ± 14.7 years), using the 2011-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. Metabolic and weight phenotypes were classified based on BMI and metabolic syndrome (MetS) presence as metabolically healthy and normal weight (MHNW), metabolically unhealthy and normal weight (MUNW), metabolically healthy and obese (MHO), and metabolically unhealthy and obese (MUO)...
October 13, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030265/associations-of-active-commuting-with-body-fat-and-visceral-adipose-tissue-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study-in-the-uk
#20
Oliver T Mytton, David Ogilvie, Simon Griffin, Søren Brage, Nick Wareham, Jenna Panter
The promotion of active travel (walking and cycling) is one promising approach to prevent the development of obesity and related cardio-metabolic disease. However the associations between active travel and adiposity remain uncertain. We used the Fenland study (a population based-cohort study; Cambridgeshire, UK, 2005-15) to describe the association of commuting means with DEXA measured body fat and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) among commuters (aged 29-65years; n=7680). We stratified our sample into those living near (within five miles) and far (five miles or further) from work, and categorised commuting means differently for each group reflecting their different travel options...
October 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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