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Daisuke Ohki, Yosuke Tsuji, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Yoshiki Sakaguchi, Chihiro Minatsuki, Hiroto Kinoshita, Keiko Niimi, Satoshi Ono, Yoku Hayakawa, Shuntaro Yoshida, Atsuo Yamada, Shinya Kodashima, Nobutake Yamamichi, Yoshihiro Hirata, Tetsuo Ushiku, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro, Masashi Fukayama, Kazuhiko Koike
AIM: To investigated the association between adenoma detection rate (ADR) and sessile serrated ADR (SSADR) and significant predictors for sessile serrated adenomas (SSA) detection. METHODS: This study is a retrospective, single-center analysis. Total colonoscopies performed by the gastroenterologists at the University of Tokyo Hospital between January and December 2014 were retrospectively identified. Polyps were classified as low-grade or high-grade adenoma, cancer, SSA, or SSA with cytological dysplasia, and the prevalence of each type of polyp was investigated...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Scott J Lee, Jianmin Liu, Jianhua Yao, Andrew Kanarek, Ronald M Summers, Perry J Pickhardt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a fully-automated CT-based adiposity tool, applying it to a longitudinal adult screening cohort. METHODS: A validated automated adipose tissue segmentation algorithm was applied to non-contrast abdominal CT scans in 8852 consecutive asymptomatic adults (mean age, 57.1 years; 3926M/4926F) undergoing colonography screening. The tool was also applied to follow-up CT scans in a subset of 1584 individuals undergoing longitudinal surveillance (mean interval, 5...
March 20, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Birger Mensel, Jens-Peter Kühn, Felix Kracht, Henry Völzke, Wolfgang Lieb, Thomas Dabers, Roberto Lorbeer
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence and size of renal cysts and to analyze associated risk factors in a general population using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Data of 2063 participants (1052 women) of the Study of Health in Pomerania who underwent whole-body MRI were included. Renal cyst prevalence was calculated separately for men and women and for 10-year age groups. The association between risk factors and occurrence of renal cysts was estimated. RESULTS: The prevalence of renal cysts was 27% and higher in men (34%) than in women (21%; p < 0...
March 17, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Umberto Tarantino, Prisco Piscitelli, Maurizio Feola, Cosimo Neglia, Cecilia Rao, Francesca Gimigliano, Giovanni Iolascon
We analyzed hospitalization for hip fractures in elderly Italian people from 2007 to 2014. The number of fractures increased by 5.50% (women + 3.36; men + 12.9%) only due to people aged ≥ 85 years old. Incidence rates per 10,000 inhabitants decreased in all the age groups (65-74, 75-84, and also ≥ 85). PURPOSE: To assess the burden of hip fractures in elderly Italian population moving from our previous researches documented a reduced incidence of hip fractures in Italian women aged 65-74 years old...
March 9, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Bircan Erbas, Toril Mørkve Knudsen, Christer Janson, Roy M Nilsen, Simone Accordini, Bryndis Benediktdottir, Julia Dratva, Joachim Heinrich, Debbie Jarvis, Benedcite Leynaert, Melanie C Matheson, Dan Norbäck, Francisco G Real, Chantal Raherison-Semjen, Simona Villani, S C Dharmage, C Svanes
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive knowledge of smoking effects on respiratory disease, there is no study including all age windows of exposure among ever smokers. The objective of this study was to assess the effects from smoking exposure in utero, early childhood, adolescence and adulthood on respiratory health outcomes in adult male and female ever smokers. METHODS: Respiratory health outcomes were assessed in 10,610 participants of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) I who reported a history of ever smoking by questionnaire...
March 6, 2018: Environmental Research
Peter Popovic, Ana Leban, Klara Kregar, Manca Garbajs, Rok Dezman, Matjaz Bunc
Background: The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the clinical value of computed tomographic perfusion imaging (CTPI) parameters in predicting the response to treatment and overall survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEBTACE). Patients and methods: Between December 2010 and January 2013 eighteen patients (17 men, 1 woman; mean age 69 ± 5.8 years) with intermediate stage HCC underwent CTPI of the liver prior to treatment with DEBTACE...
March 2018: Radiology and Oncology
Eun Mi Song, Jeong-Sik Byeon, Sun Mi Lee, Hyun Ju Yoo, Su Jung Kim, Sun-Ho Lee, Kiju Chang, Sung Wook Hwang, Dong-Hoon Yang, Jin-Yong Jeong
BACKGROUND: The fatty acid profile of the fecal metabolome and its association with colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been fully evaluated. AIMS: We aimed to compare the fecal fatty acid profiles of CRC patients and healthy controls. METHODS: We enrolled 26 newly diagnosed CRC patients and 28 healthy individuals between July 2014 and August 2014 from our institute. Long- and short-chain fatty acids were extracted from fecal samples and analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
March 7, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Francesco Gianfagna, Giovanni Veronesi, Matteo Tozzi, Antonino Tarallo, Rossana Borchini, Marco M Ferrario, Lorenza Bertù, Andrea Montonati, Patrizio Castelli
OBJECTIVES: Prevalence data on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in women, subjects younger than 65 years and in subgroups carrying specific risk factors are scarce. AAA prevalence was evaluated in an Italian population including women and younger subjects, stratifying for the presence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and CVD risk score. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population based cross-sectional study was conducted between 2013 and 2016. Men aged 50-75 and women aged 60-75 years, resident in the city of Varese (northern Italy), were randomly selected from the civil registry...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Lisa G Rosas, Nan Lv, Kristen M J Azar, Lan Xiao, Steven P Hooker, Megan A Lewis, Patricia Zavella, Elizabeth M Venditti, Jun Ma
Latino men bear a disproportionate burden of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. However, limited behavioral lifestyle intervention research has focused on Latino men. This trial compares two approaches to weight loss for overweight and obese Latino men: 1) HOMBRE is a culturally adapted intervention that provides individual choice of either self-directed online videos, coach-facilitated in-person groups, and coach-facilitated online groups; and 2) a minimal intensity intervention that uses online videos with a coach available, if solicited by the participant...
March 2, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Chiaki Ura, Tsuyoshi Okamura, Sachiko Yamazaki, Taichi Ishiguro, Masumi Ibe, Mayako Miyazaki, Keisuke Torishima, Yu Kawamuro
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of rice-farming care among elderly people with cognitive impairment as a tool for social inclusion. METHODS: Eight elderly individuals with cognitive impairment (7 men, 1 woman, mean age 68.3 years old) participated in the program over 25 weeks. The cognitive function, well-being, and depression were assessed before and after the program period. The degree of participants' independence during the program was also assessed...
2018: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
Oluwasolape Olawore, Aaron A R Tobian, Joseph Kagaayi, Jeremiah M Bazaale, Betty Nantume, Grace Kigozi, Justine Nankinga, Fred Nalugoda, Gertrude Nakigozi, Godfrey Kigozi, Ronald H Gray, Maria J Wawer, Robert Ssekubugu, John S Santelli, Steven J Reynolds, Larry W Chang, David Serwadda, Mary K Grabowski
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, migrants typically have higher HIV prevalence than non-migrants; however, whether HIV acquisition typically precedes or follows migration is unknown. We aimed to investigate the risk of HIV after migration in Rakai District, Uganda. METHODS: In a prospective population-based cohort of HIV-negative participants aged 15-49 years in Rakai, Uganda, between April 6, 1999, and Jan 30, 2015, we assessed the association between migration and HIV acquisition...
February 23, 2018: Lancet HIV
John R Harry, Max R Paquette, Brian K Schilling, Leland A Barker, C Roger James, Janet S Dufek
This study sought to identify kinetic and electromyographic (EMG) sub-phase characteristics distinguishing good from poor jumpers during countermovement vertical jumps (CMVJ), as defined by the reactive strength index (CMVJ displacement divided by jump time; RSI; cutoff=.46 m/s). Fifteen men (1.8±.6 m; 84.5±8.5 kg; 24±2 y) were stratified by RSI into good (n=6; RSI=.57±.07 m/s) and poor (n=9; RSI=.39±.06 m/s) performance groups. The following variables were compared between groups using independent t-tests (α=...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
M Ishikawa, T Yokoyama, F Hayashi, Y Takemi, T Nakaya, Y Fukuda, K Kusama, M Nozue, N Yoshiike, N Murayama
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the relationships among subjective well-being, food and health behaviors, socioeconomic factors, and geography in chronically ill older Japanese adults living alone. DESIGN: The design was a cross-sectional, multilevel survey. A questionnaire was distributed by post and self-completed by participants. SETTING: The sample was drawn from seven towns and cities across Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A geographic information system was used to select a representative sample of older people living alone based on their proximity to a supermarket...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
G David Batty, Keum Ji Jung, Yejin Mok, Sun Ju Lee, Joung Hwan Back, Sunmi Lee, Sun Ha Jee
Aims Systematic reviews report an association between poorer oral health and an increased risk of coronary heart disease. This contentious relationship may not be causal but existing studies have been insufficiently well powered comprehensively to examine the role of confounding, particularly by cigarette smoking. Accordingly, we sought to examine the role of smoking in generating the relationship between oral health and coronary heart disease in life-long non-smokers. Methods and results In the Korean Cancer Prevention Study, 975,685 individuals (349,579 women) aged 30-95 years had an oral examination when tooth loss, a widely used indicator of oral health, was ascertained...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Bruna Lucas Briskiewicz, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Joana Ferreira do Amaral, Maria de Fátima Haueisen Sander Diniz, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina, Sheila Maria Alvim Matos, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, Maria Inês Schmidt, Luana Giatti
OBJECTIVE: In the present study we investigated gender-specific associations of low birth weight (LBW) and shorter relative leg length with metabolic syndrome (MetS) after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and health-related behaviours. We also investigated whether these associations are independent of age at menarche and BMI at 20 years old. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. SUBJECTS: Baseline data from 12 602 participants (35-74 years) of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), 2008-2010...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Tianyi Huang, Brian M Lin, Sarah C Markt, Meir J Stampfer, Francine Laden, Frank B Hu, Shelley S Tworoger, Susan Redline
Despite well-known male predominance in the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), sex differences in the associations between OSA and a comprehensive range of epidemiologic factors remain less clear.We examined the prevalence of self-reported OSA in 143 326 women (age: 48-93) from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII and 22 896 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (age: 65-101) in 2012-2013. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the sex-specific prevalence odds ratios (pOR) and 95% CIs of OSA by demographic, anthropometric, lifestyle and co-morbidity factors...
February 15, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Kathrine Kronberg Jakobsen, Christian Grønhøj, David Hebbelstrup Jensen, Kirstine Kim Schmidt Karnov, Tina Klitmøller Agander, Lena Specht, Christian von Buchwald
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to determine trends in age-adjusted incidence rates (AAIR) and survival probability in head and neck cancers (HNCs) in the Danish population from 1980 to 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients registered with HNC in the nationwide Danish Cancer Registry from 1980 to 2014 were included. We evaluated the AAIR per 100,000 and the average annual percent change (AAPC). The relative survival probability at 5 years was calculated in relation to gender, anatomical location and histology, and we constructed age-period-cohort models of incidence...
February 15, 2018: Acta Oncologica
Alvin So, Owen Pointon, Richard Hodgson, John Burgess
CONTEXT: Bronchopulmonary neuroendocrine tumours (bpNETs) and thymic carcinoid (ThC) are features of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN 1) and surveillance guidelines recommend periodic thoracic imaging. The optimal thoracic imaging modality and screening frequency remains uncertain as does the prognosis of small lung nodules when identified. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18 F-FDG PET/CT) for identification and prognostic assessment of thoracic lesions in MEN 1...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
Honglei Zhang, Yuqian Li, Zhenxing Mao, Xiaotian Liu, Xia Zhang, Kaili Yang, Ruihua Liu, Xinling Qian, Haiqing Zhang, Jingjing Jiang, Gongyuan Zhang, Chongjian Wang
BACKGROUND: We explored the association between serum uric acid (SUA) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Chinese rural adults. METHODS: A total of 16,577 subjects (6354 men and 10,223 women) were from the RuralDiab study. SUA concentration was measured by the enzymatic colorimetric method. A meta-analysis including 12 eligible studies focused on SUA and MetS was preformed to confirm the findings of the cross-sectional study. RESULTS: After adjustment for age, educational level, and other covariates, the odds ratio (ORs) for MetS increased smoothly with the increasing SUA concentration in both sexes (P for no-linear trend > 0...
February 9, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Kayoung Lee
PURPOSE: To examine whether metabolic syndrome (MetS) is related to estimation of weight status and weight-loss efforts in Korean adults with non-obesity. METHODS: In 4345 men and 6387 women in non-obese Koreans (age 49.2 ± 16.7 years, BMI < 25 kg/m2) participating in the 2011-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, the presence/absence of MetS using the harmonized criteria, and weight perception and weight-loss efforts using questionnaires were assessed...
February 9, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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