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Emotional Pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324323/the-association-of-catastrophizing-with-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#1
LeeAnne B Sherwin, Emily Leary, Wendy A Henderson
BACKGROUND: Catastrophizing is a cognitive process characterized by a propensity to concentrate on and magnify the value of an actual or anticipated painful stimulus and negatively assesses one's ability to cope. Catastrophizing is an important predictor of pain-related outcomes. A cornerstone symptom of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is abdominal pain or discomfort. Also individuals with IBS have been reported to have a tendency to catastrophize. In a sample of individuals who suffer from IBS, we hypothesized that those individuals who catastrophize (catastrophizers) would have worse outcomes as compared to those who do not catastrophize (non-catastrophizers)...
March 21, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318414/the-prevalence-of-self-reported-premenstrual-symptoms-and-evaluation-of-regular-exercise-with-premenstrual-symptoms-among-female-employees-in-taiwan
#2
Su-Ying Tsai, Fu-Chen Kuo, Hsin-Chih Kuo, Li-Ling Liao
Few studies have focused on premenstrual symptoms in employees. This study explored the prevalence of premenstrual symptoms in 7,193 female employees aged 18-55 years in a large electronics manufacturer in Taiwan from August 2014 to December 2014 and examined whether regular exercise was associated with premenstrual symptoms. Information was collected on demographics, lifestyle, menstrual history, menstrual pain, and premenstrual symptoms. Half of the participants reported irregular menstruation; 79.4% reported a moderate menstruation amount, and half reported little impact of menstrual pain at work...
March 20, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317547/extracellular-signal-regulated-kinases-a-role-for-mood-disorders-and-the-emotional-component-of-pain
#3
Rainer Rupprecht, Barbara Di Benedetto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314819/depressive-like-behaviors-are-regulated-by-nox1-nadph-oxidase-by-redox-modification-of-nmda-receptor-1
#4
Masakazu Ibi, Junjie Liu, Noriaki Arakawa, Shiho Kitaoka, Ai Kawaji, Ken-Ichi Matsuda, Kazumi Iwata, Misaki Matsumoto, Masato Katsuyama, Kai Zhu, Satoshi Teramukai, Tomoyuki Furuyashiki, Chihiro Yabe-Nishimura
Involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been suggested in the development of psychiatric disorders. NOX1 is a non-phagocytic form of NADPH oxidase whose expression in the nervous system is negligible compared with other NOX isoforms. However, NOX1-derived ROS increase inflammatory pain and tolerance to opioid analgesia. To clarify the role of NOX1 in the brain, we examined depressive-like behaviors in mice deficient in Nox1 (Nox1(-/Y)). Depressive-like behaviors induced by chronic social defeat stress or administration of corticosterone (CORT) were significantly ameliorated in Nox1(-/Y) Generation of ROS was significantly elevated in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of mice administrated with CORT, while NOX1 mRNA was up-regulated only in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) among brain areas responsible for emotional behaviors...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299918/worry-and-anger-rumination-in-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#5
A Ricci, S Bonini, M Continanza, M T Turano, E M Puliti, A Finocchietti, D Bertolucci
The aim of the present study was twofold: 1) to investigate the psychological profile of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FS) as compared to patients with other chronic pain syndromes (CP) and healthy subjects (HS); 2) to examine the associations between anxiety, depression, worry and angry rumination in FS patients. FS patients (N=30), CP patients (N=30) and HS (N=30) completed measurements of anxiety, depression, worry and angry rumination. FS patients showed higher levels of state and trait anxiety, worry and angry rumination than CP patients and HS, and higher levels of depression than HS...
December 31, 2016: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299412/tdcs-application-over-the-stg-improves-the-ability-to-recognize-and-appreciate-elements-involved-in-humor-processing
#6
Mirella Manfredi, Alice Mado Proverbio, Ana Paula Gonçalves Donate, Sofia Macarini Gonçalves Vieira, William Edgar Comfort, Mariana De Araújo Andreoli, Paulo Sérgio Boggio
The superior temporal gyrus (STG) has been found to play a crucial role in the recognition of actions and facial expressions and may, therefore, be critical for the processing of humorous information. Here we investigated whether tDCS application to the STG would modulate the ability to recognize and appreciate the comic element in serious and comedic situations of misfortune. To this aim, the effects of different types of tDCS stimulation on the STG were analyzed during a task in which the participants were instructed to categorize various misfortunate situations as "comic" or "not comic"...
March 15, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299300/the-health-seeking-behaviors-and-perceptions-of-iranian-patient-with-osteoarthritis-about-pain-management-a-qualitative-study
#7
Vahid Zamanzadeh, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Marjaneh Foolady, Mozhgan Behshid, Alireza Irajpoor
Introduction: Pain is the main reason for patients with osteoarthritis (OA) to visit health clinics. Health seeking behaviors indicate unmet patient needs and lack of understanding of OA pain patterns. This study aimed to describe the experiences of Iranian patients with OA and explore their health seeking behaviors and perceptions on pain management related to osteoarthritis. Methods: Using a qualitative approach, data was collected by interviewing 19 patients, 2 family members, and 5 health care providers from the in-patient and out-patient clinics, and physicians' offices...
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298708/outcomes-of-sacral-nerve-stimulation-for-faecal-incontinence-in-northern-ireland
#8
G W Irwin, B V Dasari, R Irwin, D Johnston, K Khosraviani
BACKGROUND: Sacral nerve root stimulation (SNS) is an effective and developing therapy for faecal incontinence, a debilitating condition that can result in social and personal incapacitation. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to assess the morbidity of the procedure, improvement in the incontinence scores and Quality of Life (QoL) following SNS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were identified from the Northern Ireland regional SNS service from 2006 to 2012...
January 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292292/measurement-properties-and-normative-data-for-the-norwegian-sf-36-results-from-a-general-population-survey
#9
A M Garratt, K Stavem
BACKGROUND: The interpretation of the SF-36 in Norwegian populations largely uses normative data from 1996. This study presents data for the general population from 2002-2003 which has been used for comparative purposes but has not been assessed for measurement properties. METHODS: As part of the Norwegian Level of Living Survey 2002-2003, a postal survey was conducted comprising 9,164 members of the general population aged 16 years and over representative for Norway who received the Norwegian SF-36 version 1...
March 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290813/-causes-of-angina-pectoris-in-survivors-of-myocardial-infarction-and-the-role-of-optimization-of-antianginal-therapy-data-of-the-linkor-study-e
#10
M G Glezer, E I Astashkin On Behalf Of The Linkor Study Investigators
AIM: to analyze causes of attacks of angina pectoris and assess impact of optimization of antianginal therapy on frequency of attacks provoked by various factors. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We analyzed diaries of 1226 survivors of myocardial infarction (MI) which occurred within 12months before inclusion in the LINKOR program. Causes of pain and their changes with correction of antianginal therapy were registered during 16 weeks of follow-up. RESULTS: Participants of the study indicated the following factors as causes of pain: physical exertion (74...
December 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290469/longitudinal-employment-outcomes-of-an-early-intervention-vocational-rehabilitation-service-for-people-admitted-to-rehabilitation-with-a-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#11
G Hilton, C A Unsworth, G C Murphy, M Browne, J Olver
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort design. OBJECTIVES: First, to explore the longitudinal outcomes for people who received early intervention vocational rehabilitation (EIVR); second, to examine the nature and extent of relationships between contextual factors and employment outcomes over time. SETTING: Both inpatient and community-based clients of a Spinal Community Integration Service (SCIS). METHODS: People of workforce age undergoing inpatient rehabilitation for traumatic spinal cord injury were invited to participate in EIVR as part of SCIS...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289971/the-effect-of-transabdominal-preperitoneal-tapp-inguinal-hernioplasty-on-chronic-pain-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-mesh-fixation-versus-non-fixation
#12
Weiming Li, Dali Sun, Yanbo Sun, Yunyun Cen, Shumin Li, Qingwen Xu, Yijun Li, Yuxing Qi, Yueying Lin, Ting Yang, Pengyuan Xu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) inguinal hernioplasty with or without mesh fixation on chronic pain and quality of life of patients. METHODS: One hundred patients with a simple oblique inguinal hernia were included and treated at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from July of 2015 to July of 2016. Patients were randomly assigned to TAPP inguinal hernioplasty with mesh fixation (fixation group, n = 50) or without mesh fixation (non-fixation group, n = 50)...
March 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289873/patient-reported-outcomes-as-predictors-of-remission-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-treated-with-tight-control-treat-to-target-approach
#13
Laura Kuusalo, Kari Puolakka, Hannu Kautiainen, Anna Karjalainen, Timo Malmi, Timo Yli-Kerttula, Marjatta Leirisalo-Repo, Vappu Rantalaiho
Identifying prognostic factors for remission in early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) patients is of key clinical importance. We studied patient-reported outcomes (PROs) as predictors of remission in a clinical trial. We randomized 99 untreated ERA patients to receive remission-targeted treatment with three disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and prednisolone for 24 months, and infliximab or placebo for the initial 6 months. At baseline, we measured following PROs: eight Short Form 36 questionnaire (SF-36) dimensions, patient's global assessment [PGA, visual analogue scale (VAS)], Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), and pain VAS...
March 13, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289644/quality-of-life-and-physical-ability-changes-after-hospital-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction
#14
Byung Joo Lee, Jin Young Go, Ae Ryung Kim, Seong Min Chun, Minhyuk Park, Dong Heon Yang, Hun Sik Park, Tae-Du Jung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on quality of life (QOL) and physical ability in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Patients with MI who were referred to the Cardiac Health and Rehabilitation Center 2 weeks after percutaneous coronary intervention were divided into CR and non-CR groups. The CR group performed supervised exercises 3 times a week for 2 months. QOL assessment, using the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and physical ability evaluation were performed at the beginning and end of CR...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287361/believing-jeny-about-her-pain
#15
M S Biji
A 19-year-old woman with cancer and excruciating pain was not easily responding to morphine. Some of the staff suspected that this pain was not physical, that it was all emotional. But when the palliative care team believed the young woman's report of her pain, they were able to arrive at the right combination of medicines to treat her pain, and to relieve her intolerable suffering.
March 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287058/the-influence-of-caregivers-burden-on-the-quality-of-life-for-caregivers-of-older-adults-with-chronic-illness-in-nigeria
#16
Joel Olayiwola Faronbi, Adenike Ayobola Olaogun
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the impact of caregivers' burden on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among the caregivers of older adults, and tested the predictive effect of burden and socio-demographic factors on HRQoL. METHODS: The study employed a cross-sectional design. Three hundred and twenty-five caregivers of older adults with chronic illness were purposively selected. Data were collected using the Zarit Burden Interview and Short Form (SF-36) Health Survey...
March 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286285/minocycline-reduces-mechanical-allodynia-and-depressive-like-behaviour-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-rat
#17
Diana Amorim, Sónia Puga, Rui Bragança, António Braga, Antti Pertovaara, Armando Almeida, Filipa Pinto-Ribeiro
A common and devastating complication of diabetes mellitus is painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) that can be accompanied by emotional disorders such as depression. A few studies have suggested that minocycline that inhibits microglia may attenuate pain hypersensitivity in PDN. Moreover, a recent study reported that minocycline has an acute antidepressive-like effect in diabetic animals. Here we studied whether (i) prolonged minocycline treatment suppresses pain behaviour in PDN, (ii) the minocycline effect varies with submodality of pain, and (iii) the suppression of pain behaviour by prolonged minocycline treatment is associated with antidepressive-like effect...
March 7, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284902/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-pain-and-psychological-disorders-towards-a-hybrid-future
#18
REVIEW
Nicole K Y Tang
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a form of evidence-based talking therapy that emphasises the importance of behaviour and conscious thoughts in shaping our emotional experiences. As pain becomes increasingly accepted as not only a sensory but also an emotional experience, success in using CBT to treat emotional disorders has resulted in the incorporation of cognitive-behavioural principles into the management of chronic pain. Outcomes of CBT-informed interdisciplinary pain management programmes are modest at best, despite rapid methodological improvements in trial design and implementation...
March 8, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284535/depression-symptoms-and-lost-productivity-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#19
Adam P Campbell, Katie M Phillips, Lloyd P Hoehle, Allen L Feng, Regan W Bergmark, David S Caradonna, Stacey T Gray, Ahmad R Sedaghat
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is associated with significant losses of patient productivity that cost billions of dollars every year. The causative factors for decreases in productivity in patients with CRS have yet to be determined. OBJECTIVE: To determine which patterns of CRS symptoms drive lost productivity. METHODS: Prospective, cross-sectional cohort study of 107 patients with CRS. Sinonasal symptom severity was measured using the 22-item Sinonasal Outcomes Test, from which sleep, nasal, otologic or facial pain, and emotional function subdomain scores were calculated using principal component analysis...
March 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280406/development-and-implementation-of-a-registry-of-patients-attending-multidisciplinary-pain-treatment-clinics-the-quebec-pain-registry
#20
M Choinière, M A Ware, M G Pagé, A Lacasse, H Lanctôt, N Beaudet, A Boulanger, P Bourgault, C Cloutier, L Coupal, Y De Koninck, D Dion, P Dolbec, L Germain, V Martin, P Sarret, Y Shir, M-C Taillefer, B Tousignant, A Trépanier, R Truchon
The Quebec Pain Registry (QPR) is a large research database of patients suffering from various chronic pain (CP) syndromes who were referred to one of five tertiary care centres in the province of Quebec (Canada). Patients were monitored using common demographics, identical clinical descriptors, and uniform validated outcomes. This paper describes the development, implementation, and research potential of the QPR. Between 2008 and 2013, 6902 patients were enrolled in the QPR, and data were collected prior to their first visit at the pain clinic and six months later...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
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