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Emotional Pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222851/convergent-validity-of-the-dutch-central-sensitization-inventory-associations-with-psychophysical-pain-measures-quality-of-life-disability-and-pain-cognitions-in-patients-with-chronic-spinal-pain
#1
Jeroen Kregel, Charline Schumacher, Mieke Dolphens, Anneleen Malfliet, Dorien Goubert, Dorine Lenoir, Barbara Cagnie, Mira Meeus, I Coppieters
OBJECTIVE: Symptoms of Central Sensitization (CS) have been described in patients with chronic spinal pain (CSP). Although a gold standard to diagnose CS is lacking, psychophysical pain measures are often used. The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is proposed as an alternative method and indirect tool for evaluation of CS symptomatology. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the convergent validity of the CSI by investigating the association with psychophysical pain measures and self-reported measures of current pain intensity, quality of life, disability, and catastrophizing in CSP patients...
December 8, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222078/texting-condolences-adapting-mhealth-programs-after-unexpected-pregnancy-and-infant-outcomes
#2
Jennifer A Unger, John Kinuthia, Grace John-Stewart
Mobile health (mHealth) short message system (SMS) interventions for maternal and child health (MCH) are being implemented globally. In many low- and middle-income settings in which these mHealth interventions are being rolled out, stillbirths and neonatal and infant deaths are common. It is important that mHealth solutions do not exacerbate emotional stress and pain by continuing with routine messaging for pregnancy or infant care when someone has experienced loss. In this brief viewpoint paper, we argue that SMS programs for maternal and child health need to adapt and make available messaging for miscarriage, stillbirth, and infant loss...
December 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#3
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215841/-histamine-metabolism-disorder-in-pathogenesis-of-chronic-pelvic-pain-in-patients-with-external-genital-endometriosis
#4
M R Orazov, V Y Radzinskiy, M B Khamoshina, E N Nosenko, E S Tokaeva, L K Barsegyan, Y R Zakirova
Objective. To study features of histamine metabolism in patients with chronic pelvic pain associated with external genital endometriosis. Methods. For quantitative assessment of histamine level in peripheral blood was taken from 100 patients which than was centrifuged. In blood serum histamine concentration was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method with reagents «Histamine ЕLISA» on the machine BAE-1000 Histamine (Labor Diagnostika Nord - LDN, Hermany). A pain syndrome was assessed by Visual Analog Scale (VAS), quality of life assessment - by Endometriosis Health Profile Questionnaire (EHR-30), level of anxiety was determined by Spielberger-Khanin questionnaire...
April 2017: Patologicheskaia Fiziologiia i èksperimental'naia Terapiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214679/the-relationship-between-negative-metacognitive-thoughts-pain-catastrophizing-and-adjustment-to-chronic-pain
#5
M S Ziadni, J A Sturgeon, B D Darnall
BACKGROUND: Cognitive appraisals, most notably pain catastrophizing, play an important role in chronic pain. The role of metacognition and its impact on the relationship between pain catastrophizing and health are understudied. The identification of metacognition as a moderator of psychological constructs may have clinical and empirical implications. We hypothesized that negative metacognitive beliefs would moderate the relationships between pain catastrophizing and emotional functioning and physical activity...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214129/using-multiple-exemplar-training-to-teach-empathy-skills-to-children-with-autism
#6
Maithri Sivaraman
The purpose of the study was to use multiple exemplar training to teach empathetic responding to two children with autism. Three emotions-happiness, frustration and sadness/pain-were chosen for this purpose. Treatment consisted of verbal prompting and reinforcement of empathetic responses. Four experimenter-defined categories with discriminative stimuli were used for each emotion. The multiple exemplar component of the model consisted of teaching responses in the presence of several discriminative stimuli drawn from the predefined categories for each emotion delivered by two persons across two environments...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213271/visceral-inflammation-and-immune-activation-stress-the-brain
#7
REVIEW
Peter Holzer, Aitak Farzi, Ahmed M Hassan, Geraldine Zenz, Angela Jačan, Florian Reichmann
Stress refers to a dynamic process in which the homeostasis of an organism is challenged, the outcome depending on the type, severity, and duration of stressors involved, the stress responses triggered, and the stress resilience of the organism. Importantly, the relationship between stress and the immune system is bidirectional, as not only stressors have an impact on immune function, but alterations in immune function themselves can elicit stress responses. Such bidirectional interactions have been prominently identified to occur in the gastrointestinal tract in which there is a close cross-talk between the gut microbiota and the local immune system, governed by the permeability of the intestinal mucosa...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212251/low-ft3-is-associated-with-diminished-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-treated-with-drug-eluting-stent-a-longitudinal-observational-study
#8
Chao Xue, Ling Bian, Yu Shui Xie, Zhao Fang Yin, Zuo Jun Xu, Qi Zhi Chen, Hui Li Zhang, Yu Qi Fan, Run Du, Chang Qian Wang
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with low triiodothyronine (T3) syndrome characterized by low free T3 (fT3) levels with normal thyroxine (T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) have a higher rate of death. The impact of fT3 on Health related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with ACS is still unknown. 528 ACS patients treated with drug-eluting stent (DES) were included in this prospective, observational study. Patients were classified into low fT3 group (n=126) and normal fT3 group (n=402) according to serum fT3 level...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211233/elderly-caregivers-living-in-urban-rural-and-high-social-vulnerability-contexts
#9
Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini, Anita Liberalesso Neri, Allan Gustavo Brígola, Ana Carolina Ottaviani, Érica Nestor Souza, Estefani Serafim Rossetti, Mariélli Terassi, Nathalia Alves de Oliveira, Bruna Moretti Luchesi
OBJECTIVE Comparing the differences in the sociodemographic, care and health profiles of elderly caregivers of the elderly living in urban, rural, and high social vulnerability contexts. METHOD A cross-sectional study developed with elderly caregivers enrolled in the Family Health Units of a municipality in the interior of São Paulo. Household interviews and evaluations were conducted on: Activities of Daily Living (ADL), self-reported pain, frailty, cognition, life satisfaction, family functionality, burden, stress and hope...
2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211026/a-review-of-chronic-pain-and-cognitive-mood-and-motor-dysfunction-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-complex-comorbid-and-or-overlapping-conditions
#10
REVIEW
Ramesh Grandhi, Samon Tavakoli, Catherine Ortega, Maureen J Simmonds
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is commonly encountered in clinical practice. While the cognitive ramifications of mTBI are frequently described in the literature, the impact of mTBI on emotional, sensory, and motor function is not as commonly discussed. Chronic pain is a phenomenon more prevalent among patients with mTBI compared to those with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury. Chronic pain can become a primary disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) expressed as widespread pain, and cognitive, mood, and movement dysfunction...
December 6, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209804/efferents-of-anterior-cingulate-areas-24a-and-24b-and-midcingulate-areas-24a-and-24b-in-the-mouse
#11
Clémentine Fillinger, Ipek Yalcin, Michel Barrot, Pierre Veinante
The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), constituted by areas 25, 32, 24a and 24b in rodents, plays a major role in cognition, emotion and pain. In a previous study, we described the afferents of areas 24a and 24b and those of areas 24a' and 24b' of midcingulate cortex (MCC) in mice and highlighted some density differences among cingulate inputs (Fillinger et al., Brain Struct Funct 222:1509-1532, 2017). To complete this connectome, we analyzed here the efferents of ACC and MCC by injecting anterograde tracers in areas 24a/24b of ACC and 24a'/24b' of MCC...
December 6, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209256/low-mood-leads-to-increased-empathic-distress-at-seeing-others-pain
#12
Yuan Cao, Genevieve Dingle, Gary C K Chan, Ross Cunnington
Previous studies have shown changes in empathy in patients with depression, including an elevated level of trait personal distress. This study examined if low mood causes changes in self-reported empathic distress when seeing others in pain. To test this, we conducted an initial (n = 26) and close replication study (n = 46) in which sad mood was induced in healthy participants (overall mean age M = 21, SD = 5, range = 18-41 years). Participants viewed and rated video stimuli inferring pain experienced by other people...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209250/mental-simulation-of-painful-situations-has-an-impact-on-posture-and-psychophysiological-parameters
#13
Thierry Lelard, Olivier Godefroy, Said Ahmaidi, Pierre Krystkowiak, Harold Mouras
Embodiment is made possible by the ability to imagine ourselves in a particular situation (mental simulation). Postural changes have been demonstrated in response to painful situations, but the effect of an implicit instruction has not been studied. The present study was designed to record differential responses according to whether or not subjects were instructed to imagine themselves in a painful or non-painful situation. Painful stimuli and instructions to mentally simulate the displayed situation were hypothesized to induce postural changes that could be demonstrated by changes in the center of pressure (COP) trajectory compared to viewing the same stimuli with no instructions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206152/connecting-the-mind-body-split-understanding-the-relationship-between-symptoms-and-emotional-well-being-in-chronic-pain-and-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Line Caes, Alex Orchard, Deborah Christie
Paediatric chronic conditions, e.g., chronic pain and functional gastrointestinal disorders, are commonly diagnosed, with fatigue, pain and abdominal discomfort the most frequently reported symptoms across conditions. Regardless of whether symptoms are connected to an underlying medical diagnosis or not, they are often associated with an increased experience of psychological distress by both the ill child and their parents. While pain and embarrassing symptoms can induce increased distress, evidence is also accumulating in support of a reciprocal relationship between pain and distress...
December 5, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205275/antenatal-maternal-education-for-improving-postnatal-perineal-healing-for-women-who-have-birthed-in-a-hospital-setting
#15
REVIEW
Sonia M O'Kelly, Zena Eh Moore
BACKGROUND: The female perineum becomes suffused and stretched during pregnancy, and further strain during vaginal childbirth contributes to approximately 85% of women experiencing some degree of trauma to the perineal region. Multiple factors play a role in the type and severity of trauma experienced, including parity, delivery method, and local practices. There is ongoing debate about best midwifery practice to reduce perineal trauma. Once perineal trauma has occurred, treatment also varies greatly, depending on its degree and severity, local practice and customs, and personal preference...
December 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203121/using-a-memory-systems-lens-to-view-the-effects-of-estrogens-on-cognition-implications-for-human-health
#16
Donna L Korol, Wei Wang
Understanding the organizing and activating effects of gonadal steroids on adult physiology can guide insight into sex differences in and hormonal influences on health and disease, ranging from diabetes and other metabolic disorders, emotion and stress regulation, substance abuse, pain perception, immune function and inflammation, cognitive function and dysfunction accompanying neurological disorders. Because the brain is highly sensitive to many forms of estrogens, it is not surprising that many adult behaviors, including cognitive function, are modulated by estrogens...
December 1, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201468/a-case-report-of-recurrent-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-in-a-patient-during-myasthenia-crisis
#17
Anusha Battineni, Naresh Mullaguri, Shail Thanki, Anand Chockalingam, Raghav Govindarajan
Introduction: Patients with myasthenia crisis can develop Takotsubo stress cardiomyopathy (SC) due to emotional or physical stress and high level of circulating catecholamines. We report a patient who developed recurrent Takotsubo cardiomyopathy during myasthenia crisis. Coexisting autoimmune disorders known to precipitate stress cardiomyopathy like Grave's disease need to be evaluated. Case Report: A 69-year-old female with seropositive myasthenia gravis (MG), Grave's disease, and coronary artery disease on monthly infusion of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), prednisone, pyridostigmine, and methimazole presented with shortness of breath and chest pain...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201124/does-parent-report-gross-motor-function-level-of-cerebral-palsy-children-impact-on-the-quality-of-life-in-these-children
#18
Marzieh Pashmdarfard, Malek Amini, Reza Shervin Badv, Narges Ghaffarzade Namazi, Mehdi Rassafiani
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of parent report gross motor function level of cerebral palsy (CP) children on the parent report quality of life of CP children. Materials & Methods: Sampling of this cross-sectional study was done in occupational therapy clinics and CP children's schools in 2016 in Zanjan, Iran. Samples size was 60 CP children aged 6-12 yr and for sampling method, a non-probability convenience was used. For assessing the quality of life of CP children the cerebral palsy quality of life (CP QOL) questionnaire and for assessing the level of gross motor function of CP children the Gross Motor Function Classification System Family Report Questionnaire (GMFCSFRQ) were used...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200428/low-empathy-like-behaviour-in-male-mice-associates-with-impaired-sociability-emotional-memory-physiological-stress-reactivity-and-variations-in-neurobiological-regulations
#19
Giovanni Laviola, Francesca Zoratto, Danilo Ingiosi, Valentina Carito, Damien Huzard, Marco Fiore, Simone Macrì
Deficits in empathy have been proposed to constitute a hallmark of several psychiatric disturbances like conduct disorder, antisocial and narcissistic personality disorders. Limited sensitivity to punishment, shallow or deficient affect and reduced physiological reactivity to environmental stressors have been often reported to co-occur with limited empathy and contribute to the onset of antisocial phenotypes. Empathy in its simplest form (i.e. emotional contagion) is addressed in preclinical models through the evaluation of the social transmission of emotional states: mice exposed to a painful stimulus display a higher response if in the presence of a familiar individual experiencing a higher degree of discomfort, than in isolation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199137/brodmann-area-10-collating-integrating-and-high-level-processing-of-nociception-and-pain
#20
REVIEW
Ke Peng, Sarah C Steele, Lino Becerra, David Borsook
Multiple frontal cortical brain regions have emerged as being important in pain processing, whether it be integrative, sensory, cognitive, or emotional. One such region, Brodmann Area 10 (BA 10), is the largest frontal brain region that has been shown to be involved in a wide variety of functions including risk and decision making, odor evaluation, reward and conflict, pain, and working memory. BA 10, also known as the anterior prefrontal cortex, frontopolar prefrontal cortex or rostral prefrontal cortex, is comprised of at least two cytoarchitectonic sub-regions, medial and lateral...
November 30, 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
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