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Somatoform Pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713529/somatoform-dissociation-fatigue-severity-and-pain-behavior-compared-in-patients-with-migraine-headache-and-in-healthy-individuals
#1
Ghasem Fattahzadeh-Ardalani, Vida Aghazadeh, Abolfazl Atalu, Vahid Abbasi
The prevalence of migraine in the world is about 15 and 7% among women and men, respectively. The purpose of this study was comparison of somatoform dissociation, fatigue severity and pain behavior in patients with migraine headache and its relationship with coping strategies. This descriptive analytical study has been done on 120 patients with migraine headache and 120 healthy subjects were selected randomly. Data collected by somatoform dissociation questionnaire (SDQ-20), fatigue severity scale, pain behavior scale and coping strategies scale...
June 23, 2017: Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678214/dissociative-features-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#2
Tonguc D Berkol, Yasin H Balcioglu, Simge S Kirlioglu, Habib Erensoy, Meltem Vural
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships between the dissociative features of FMS and the pain, psychological status, and functional status. METHODS: Twenty-seven women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and 24 controls from the Istanbul Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Hospital (2013-2015) were included in this cross-sectional study. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Structured Clinical Interview for Axis I Disorders was used to evaluate the participants...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592893/regional-brain-functions-in-the-resting-state-indicative-of-potential-differences-between-depression-and-chronic-pain
#3
Atsuo Yoshino, Yasumasa Okamoto, Mitsuru Doi, Naofumi Otsuru, Go Okada, Masahiro Takamura, Naho Ichikawa, Satoshi Yokoyama, Hidehisa Yamashita, Shigeto Yamawaki
Complex relationships between depression and chronic pain have been reported in previous studies. However, only a few neuroimaging studies have investigated similarities and differences in neural systems underlying them. We examined the brain functions in the resting state of 43 patients with depression, 41 patients with chronic pain (somatoform pain disorder) and 41 healthy controls, by using regional homogeneity (ReHo) and functional connectivity analysis. Depressive symptoms were assessed by using the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition (BDI-II)...
June 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572738/sleep-and-somatic-complaints-in-university-students
#4
Angelika A Schlarb, Merle Claßen, Sara M Hellmann, Claus Vögele, Marco D Gulewitsch
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems are common among university students. Poor sleep is associated with impaired daily functioning, increased risk of psychiatric symptoms, and somatic complaints such as pain. Previous results suggest that poor sleep exacerbates pain, which in turn negatively affects sleep. The purpose of the present study was to determine prevalence rates, comorbidity, and role of depression as a factor of moderating the relationship between sleep and physical complaints in German university students...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554368/mental-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-cpps
#5
Christian Brünahl, Christoph Dybowski, Rebecca Albrecht, Björn Riegel, Johanna Höink, Margit Fisch, Bernd Löwe
OBJECTIVE: Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a debilitating pain condition with prevalence rates between 2.0% and 26.6%. Studies indicate that CPPS is often associated with psychosocial factors, but little is known about the presence of full-blown mental disorders in female and male patients with CPPS. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the frequencies of mental disorders in patients with CPPS. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from patients visiting a specialized outpatient clinic...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529479/in-patients-undergoing-cochlear-implantation-psychological-burden-affects-tinnitus-and-the-overall-outcome-of-auditory-rehabilitation
#6
Petra Brüggemann, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Katharina Klee, Stefan Gräbel, Birgit Mazurek, Heidi Olze
Cochlear implantation (CI) is increasingly being used in the auditory rehabilitation of deaf patients. Here, we investigated whether the auditory rehabilitation can be influenced by the psychological burden caused by mental conditions. Our sample included 47 patients who underwent implantation. All patients were monitored before and 6 months after CI. Auditory performance was assessed using the Oldenburg Inventory (OI) and Freiburg monosyllable (FB MS) speech discrimination test. The health-related quality of life was measured with Nijmegen Cochlear implantation Questionnaire (NCIQ) whereas tinnitus-related distress was measured with the German version of Tinnitus Questionnaire (TQ)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527059/personality-disorders-in-cluster-headache-a-study-using-the-millon-clinical-multiaxial-inventory-iii
#7
Sylvie Hélène Marie Jeanne Piacentini, Lara Draghi, Alberto Proietti Cecchini, Massimo Leone
A great deal of studies suggests that cluster headache (CH) patients are usually comorbid to anxiety-mood spectrum disorders and psychopathological symptoms; however, the personality profiles reported in the literature strictly depend on type of assessment used. Psychiatric comorbidities have been extensively studied in migraine and they are recognized to represent a major risk factor associated with poorer outcome, playing a role in the headache chronification process at once as cause and consequence of it...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499896/decreased-prefrontal-brain-activation-during-verbal-fluency-task-in-patients-with-somatoform-pain-disorder-an-exploratory-multi-channel-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#8
Xiajin Ren, Jinlong Lu, Xiaomin Liu, Chenyu Shen, Xiaoqian Zhang, Xiangyun Ma, Jingjing Sun, Gaoxiang Sun, Kun Feng, Bo Xu, Pozi Liu
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common phenomenon. Patients with somatoform pain disorder (SPD) suffer from lasting chronic pain which may cause cognitive impairment. The dysfunction of prefrontal cortex (PFC) may be involved in pain-induced cognition impairment, which is the most important part in regulating of cognitive function. Multi-channel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive and low-cost functional neuroimaging technique being used to detect the prefrontal cortex activation during cognitive tasks to demonstrate the relationship between PFC dysfunction and cognition impairment in SPD patients...
May 9, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471951/somatoform-disorder-as-a-predictor-of-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome-evidence-from-a-nested-case-control-study-and-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
I-Chun Chen, Ming-Huei Lee, Hsuan-Hung Lin, Shang-Liang Wu, Kun-Min Chang, Hsiu-Ying Lin
Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) has several well-known comorbid psychiatric manifestations, including insomnia, anxiety, and depression. We hypothesized that somatoform disorder, which is a psychosomatic disease, can be used as a sensitive psychiatric phenotype of IC/BPS. We investigated whether somatoform disorder increases the risk of IC/BPS.A nested case-control study and a retrospective cohort study were followed up over a 12-year period (2002-2013) in the Taiwan Health Insurance Reimbursement Database...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457055/short-term-efficacy-of-cbd-enriched-hemp-oil-in-girls-with-dysautonomic-syndrome-after-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#10
Beniamino Palmieri, Carmen Laurino, Maria Vadalà
BACKGROUND: Cannabidiol (CBD)-based treatments for several diseases, including Tourette's syndrome, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, movement disorders and glaucoma, are proving to be beneficial and the scientific clinical background of the drug is continuously evolving. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the short-term effect of CBD-enriched hemp oil for relieving symptoms and improving the life quality (QOL) in young girls with adverse drug effects (ADRs) following human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine...
February 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453543/altered-resting-state-intra-and-inter-network-functional-connectivity-in-patients-with-persistent-somatoform-pain-disorder
#11
Zhiyong Zhao, Tianming Huang, Chaozheng Tang, Kaiji Ni, Xiandi Pan, Chao Yan, Xiaoduo Fan, Dongrong Xu, Yanli Luo
Patients with persistent somatoform pain disorder (PSPD) usually experience various functional impairments in pain, emotion, and cognition, which cannot be fully explained by a physiological process or a physical disorder. However, it is still not clear for the mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of PSPD. The present study aimed to explore the intra- and inter-network functional connectivity (FC) differences between PSPD patients and healthy controls (HCs). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was performed in 13 PSPD patients and 23 age- and gender-matched HCs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150357/prevalence-and-correlates-of-somatoform-disorders-in-the-elderly-results-of-a-european-study
#12
Maria Christina Dehoust, Holger Schulz, Martin Härter, Jana Volkert, Susanne Sehner, Anna Drabik, Karl Wegscheider, Alessandra Canuto, Kerstin Weber, Mike Crawford, Alan Quirk, Luigi Grassi, Chiara DaRonch, Manuel Munoz, Berta Ausin, Anna Santos-Olmo, Arieh Shalev, Ora Rotenstein, Yael Hershkowitz, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Sylke Andreas
Somatoform disorders have rarely been addressed in epidemiological and health care services studies of the elderly. The few existing studies vary considerably in their methodologies limiting comparability of findings. Data come from the MentDis_ICF65+ study, in which a total of 3142 community-dwelling respondents aged 65-84 years from six different countries were assessed by the Composite International Diagnostic Interview adapted to the needs of the elderly (CIDI65+). The 12-month prevalence rate for any somatoform disorders was found to be 3...
March 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146324/psychiatric-comorbidity-in-new-daily-persistent-headache-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
R Uniyal, V K Paliwal, A Tripathi
BACKGROUND: New daily persistent headache (NDPH) is a type of chronic daily headache. NDPH can have migrainous (NDPH-CM) or tension-type character (NDPH-CTTH). Recently, NDPH patients have shown to have associated anxiety and depression. We compared anxiety, depressive symptoms, somatization and pain catastrophization among NDPH, healthy controls and patients with chronic low-back pain and between NDPH-CM and NDPH-CTTH. METHODS: We assessed the study population for depressive symptoms by Patient Health Questionnaire-9, anxiety by Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale - 7, somatoform disorder using DSM IV (TR) criteria and pain catastrophizing by using Pain Catastrophizing Scale...
July 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102108/readiness-to-change-as-a-moderator-of-therapy-outcome-in-patients-with-somatoform-disorders
#14
Jens Heider, Katharina Köck, Matthias Sehlbrede, Annette Schröder
OBJECTIVE: A considerable amount of patients with somatoform disorders do not benefit from psychotherapy as much as expected. Our aim was to explore whether readiness to change moderates the relationship between the intensity of symptoms and therapy outcome in the early stages of psychotherapy. METHOD: 144 patients with somatoform disorders received an outpatient cognitive-behavioural intervention. Symptom intensity was measured with the Screening for Somatoform Disorders (SOMS-7)...
January 19, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041572/health-care-utilization-in-outpatients-with-somatoform-disorders-descriptives-interdiagnostic-differences-and-potential-mediating-factors
#15
Frauke Dorothee Weiss, Winfried Rief, Maria Kleinstäuber
OBJECTIVE: Somatoform disorders are characterized by increased health care utilization producing high health costs. The aim of this study was to assess facets of and interdiagnostic differences in health care use in somatoform disorders and to examine health anxiety, symptom-related disability, depression, and phobic anxiety as potential mediating factors of the relationship between somatization and health care use. METHOD: An outpatient sample of N=254 patients with somatoform disorders was investigated by analyzing different facets of their health care use over the last 12months...
January 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025856/exploring-psychiatric-comorbidities-and-their-effects-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-and-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy
#16
Devrimsel H Ertem, Ayten C Dirican, Agah Aydın, Sevim Baybas, Vedat Sözmen, Musa Ozturk, Yavuz Altunkaynak
AIM: The relation of epilepsy with psychiatric disorders is of great interest to researchers due to its behavioral, social, and cognitive outcomes. In this study, we explored psychiatric comorbidity and its effects on quality of life (QOL) in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). METHODS: Thirty patients with MTLE, 30 patients with JME, and 30 healthy controls underwent the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I) to diagnose psychiatric disorders...
April 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988398/control-of-stress-induced-depressive-disorders-by-so-ochim-tang-gamibang-a-korean-herbal-medicine
#17
Jung Eun Choi, Dae-Myung Park, Eunho Chun, Jeong June Choi, Ji Hye Seo, Seunghyung Kim, Jaemin Son, Moonho Do, Sun Yeou Kim, Yang-Chun Park, In Chul Jung, Mirim Jin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: So-ochim-tang-gamibang (SOCG) is a Korean herbal medicine formula that has been applied to treat depressive moods and depression associated somatoform pain. This decoction consists of Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperi Rhizoma), Lindera aggregata (Sims) Kosterm. (Linderae Radix), Aquilaria agallochum (Lour.) Roxb. ex Finl. (Aquilariae Resinatum Lignum), Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. (Glycyrrhizae Radix) Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. (Platycodi Radix), and Citrus aurantium L...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884009/motivation-for-psychological-treatment-predicts-favorable-outcomes-in-multimodal-interdisciplinary-treatment-for-chronic-somatoform-pain
#18
Julian A Stewart, Niklaus Egloff, Roland von Känel, Johannes Grolimund, Martina Studer, Martin Grosse Holtforth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756342/the-relation-between-the-patient-health-questionnaire-15-and-dsm-somatic-diagnoses
#19
Shih-Cheng Liao, Wei-Lieh Huang, Huei-Mei Ma, Min-Tzu Lee, Tzu-Ting Chen, I-Ming Chen, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to examine the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) in Taiwan, and to explore its relation to somatoform disorders (DSM-IV) and to somatic symptom and related disorders (DSM-5). METHODS: We recruited 471 individuals, 151 with somatoform disorders and 200 with somatic symptom and related disorders. Subjects completed the Chinese version of the PHQ-15, Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and received a DSM-IV- and DSM-5-based diagnostic interview...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719855/functional-facial-and-tongue-movement-disorders
#20
REVIEW
A Fasano, M Tinazzi
Functional movement disorders (FMDs) affecting the eyelids, tongue, and other facial muscles are often underrecognized because their phenomenology has not been fully characterized. Nevertheless, these disorders are more common than previously thought. In this chapter we will discuss the phenomenology as well as the clinical and instrumental diagnosis of facial FMDs. Facial FMDs should be considered when a patient exhibits any combination of the following features: (1) fixed unilateral facial contractions, especially with lower lip, with or without ipsilateral jaw involvement, of maximal severity at onset; (2) inconsistent features such as changes in side and pattern during or between examination; (3) associated somatoform or nonphysiologic sensory or motor findings; (4) reduction or abolition of facial spasm with distraction; (5) response to suggestion or psychotherapy; (6) rapid onset and/or spontaneous remissions; and (7) normal neurologic examination...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
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