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Optic disc edema

Kevin Shen, Stacy V Smith, Andrew G Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Jonathan A Micieli, Edward A Margolin
Paraneoplastic optic neuropathy (PON) is a rare cause of vision loss usually associated with small cell lung cancer. Patients with this condition usually test positive for anti-collapsin response mediating protein-5 (CRMP-5). We describe a case of a 57-year-old woman with bilateral vision loss with the characteristic features of CRMP-5 PON including bilateral optic disc edema and vitreous cells. However, she was negative for anti-CRMP-5 including a negative Western blot on two occasions, but positive for Purkinje Cell Antibody (PCA)-2...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Huanfen Zhou, Wei Wang, Quangang Xu, Shaoying Tan, Shuo Zhao, Mo Yang, Chunxia Peng, Shihui Wei
Purpose. Although optic neuritis (ON) in children is relatively common, visual outcomes and factors associated with the condition have not been well documented. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and visual outcomes of ON in Chinese children. Methods. Patients with a first episode of ON at a tertiary neuroophthalmic centre in China were assessed and followed up for at least three months. Visual outcomes and clinical, laboratory, and neuroimaging findings were reviewed. In patients with bilateral ON, only the eyes with worse visual acuity (VA) at presentation were used for statistical analysis...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Michael R R Böhm, Christoph Tappeiner, Marc A Breitbach, Beatrix Zurek-Imhoff, Carsten Heinz, Arnd Heiligenhaus
PURPOSE: To analyze occurrence, risk factors, and course of ocular hypotony (OH) in juvenile idiopathic arthritis-associated uveitis (JIAU). DESIGN: Cohort study METHODS: Epidemiological and ophthalmological data at baseline and during follow-up of JIAU patients with and without ocular hypotony were evaluated. RESULTS: OH developed in 57 of the 365 JIAU patients during the follow-up (mean 4.5±3.5 years). In 40 patients with follow-up ≥ 12 months, OH was unrelated to previous ocular surgery: risk factors at baseline (univariate logistic regression analysis) included longer total duration of uveitis (OR 1...
September 21, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Roberta Rosas Petrocinio, Elga Dias Gomes
BACKGROUND: High altitude retinopathy (HAR) includes a number of diseases related to high altitude such as acute mountain sickness (AMS), high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and high altitude cerebral edema (HACE). High altitude retinopathy is mainly characterized by retinal hemorrhages, usually sparing the macular region, a condition specifically known as high altitude retinal hemorrhages (HARH). The pathogenesis of HARH is unclear. Many studies show that lack of oxygen causes an inadequate autoregulation of retinal circulation, causing vascular incompetence...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Sinan Onal, Xin Chen, Veeresh Satamraju, Maduka Balasooriya, Humeyra Dabil-Karacal
Detecting the position of retinal structures, including the fovea center and macula, in retinal images plays a key role in diagnosing eye diseases such as optic nerve hypoplasia, amblyopia, diabetic retinopathy, and macular edema. However, current detection methods are unreliable for infants or certain ethnic populations. Thus, a methodology is proposed here that may be useful for infants and across ethnicities that automatically localizes the fovea center and segments the macula on digital fundus images. First, dark structures and bright artifacts are removed from the input image using preprocessing operations, and the resulting image is transformed to polar space...
July 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging
Peyman Petramfar, Farideh Hosseinzadeh, S Saeed Mohammadi
INTRODUCTION: Pseudo-Foster Kennedy syndrome is a triad consisting of ipsilateral optic atrophy, contralateral optic disc edema, and ipsilateral anosmia in the absence of an intracranial mass. Vitamin B12 plays an important role in DNA synthesis, and its deficiency causes peripheral neuropathy, myeloneuropathy, and, very rarely, optic neuropathy. CASE PRESENTATION: In this study, we describe a 34-year-old male who presented with progressive loss of visual acuity and field...
June 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Gouranga Santra, Indrani Das
Neuroretinitis is the inflammation of retina and optic nerve. It is associated with optic disc edema accompanied by peripapillary or macular hard exudates. A 17 yr old female presented with headache and nausea of five days duration. She had periorbital edema and mild splenomegaly. Neurological assessment was non-contributory. She was found to have pancytopenia, albuminuria and a high ESR. Thereafter she developed blurring of vision of both eyes. Opthalmological examination showed it to be due to bilateral neuroretinitis...
October 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Libin Jiang, Lanlan Chen, Xiujuan Qiu, Ran Jiang, Yaxing Wang, Liang Xu, Timothy Y Y Lai
BACKGROUND: Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NA-AION) is one of the most common types of ischemic optic neuropathy. Several recent studies suggested that abnormalities of choroidal thickness might be associated with NA-AION. The main objective of this case-control study was to evaluate whether choroidal thickness is an ocular risk factor for the development of NA-AION by evaluating the peripapillary and subfoveal choroidal thicknesses in affected Chinese patients. METHODS: Forty-four Chinese patients with unilateral NA-AION were recruited and compared with 60 eyes of 60 normal age and refractive-error matched control subjects...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Yuri Seo, Min Kim, Jin Hyoung Kim, Jae Jun Park, Sung Chul Lee
PURPOSE: To report a case of central retinal vein occlusion without macular edema associated with ulcerative colitis and its novel treatment with intravitreal dexamethasone. CASE REPORT: A 40-year-old man with ulcerative colitis presented with sudden visual disturbances. An initial fundus examination showed subtle yellow-to-white patches within the inner retina of the right eye superotemporal to the fovea. There were intraretinal hemorrhages and cotton-wool spots within the superior vascular arcade and nasal to the optic disc...
August 24, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Dragoş Cătălin Jianu, Silviana Nina Jianu, Ligia Petrica, Andrei Gheorghe Marius Motoc, Traian Flavius Dan, Dorela CodruŢa Lăzureanu, Mihnea Munteanu
Anterior ischemic optic neuropathies (AIONs) represent a segmental infarction of the optic nerve head (ONH) supplied by the posterior ciliary arteries (PCAs). Blood supply blockage can occur with or without arterial inflammation. For this reason, there are two types of AIONs: non-arteritic (NA-AION), and arteritic (A-AION), the latter is almost invariably due to giant cell arteritis (GCA). GCA is a primary vasculitis that predominantly affects extracranial medium-sized arteries, particularly the branches of the external carotid arteries (including superficial temporal arteries - TAs)...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Rengasayee Veeraraghavan, Joyce Lin, James P Keener, Robert Gourdie, Steven Poelzing
It was recently demonstrated that cardiac sodium channels (Nav1.5) localized at the perinexus, an intercalated disc (ID) nanodomain associated with gap junctions (GJ), may contribute to electrical coupling between cardiac myocytes via an ephaptic mechanism. Impairment of ephaptic coupling by acute interstitial edema (AIE)-induced swelling of the perinexus was associated with arrhythmogenic, anisotropic conduction slowing. Given that Kir2.1 has also recently been reported to localize at intercalated discs, we hypothesized that Kir2...
October 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Tito Fiore, Adriana Pellegrino, Marco Lupidi, Alessio Cerquaglia, Fabrizio Giansanti, Carlo Cagini
PURPOSE: To describe a patient with unilateral hypotonic maculopathy and optic disc edema after spontaneous bulbar perforation of a full-thickness scleral defect. METHODS: An 11-year-old girl underwent scleral buckling surgery. Preoperative and postoperative evaluation included optical coherence tomography and high-resolution 3T magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: The scleral defect was covered with Tenon capsule sheaths and a meridional silicone buckle...
July 16, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Eyal Cohen, Yossi Yatziv, Igal Leibovitch, Anat Kesler, Ran Ben Cnaan, Ainat Klein, Dafna Goldenberg, Zohar Habot-Wilner
BACKGROUND: Filler injection for face augmentation is a common cosmetic procedure in the last decades, in our case report we describe long-term outcomes of a devastating complication of ophthalmic artery emboli following Calcium Hydroxylapatite filler injection to the nose bridge. CASE PRESENTATION: A healthy 24-year-old women received a Calcium Hydroxylapatite filler injection to her nose bridge for the correction of nose asymmetry 8 years post rhinoplasty. She developed sudden right eye ocular pain and visual disturbances...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Jared E Knickelbein, Maggie Wei, Robert B Nussenblatt, H Nida Sen
PURPOSE: To describe the formation of a retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) tear following immunosuppressive treatment of a large choroidal granuloma in a patient with sarcoidosis-related panuveitis. METHODS: A 25-year-old woman presented with bilateral sarcoidosis-related panuveitis and optic disc edema in both eyes with a large choroidal granuloma temporal to the fovea in the left eye. High-dose oral prednisone therapy was given. RESULTS: High-dose oral prednisone therapy produced improvement in her panuveitis with reduction in size of the left choroidal granuloma...
July 5, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
A Birkenbach, F Kühlhorn, M Grube, H Helbig, M A Gamulescu
The POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, skin changes) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome based on a clonal plasma cell disorder. Optic disc edema (ODE) is a frequent ocular sign in POEMS syndrome. The cause of the ODE has not yet been entirely clarified. This article reports the case of a 62-year-old male suffering from POEMS syndrome with a bilateral ODE.
June 30, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Judith Brody, Mark A Hellmann, Romain Marignier, Itay Lotan, Hadas Stiebel-Kalish
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is an autoimmune disease that classically manifests as attacks of optic neuritis (ON) and transverse myelitis (TM). The prevalence, course, and severity of NMOSD vary considerably. Few studies report the neuro-ophthalmologic disease course and visual outcome. OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the course and long-term visual outcome in a cohort of NMOSD patients treated in a single tertiary referral center...
June 24, 2016: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Nasser Shoeibi, Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini, Razie Bayani
INTRODUCTION: Neuroretinitis (NR) is considered to be an inflammatory condition which is characterized by optic disc edema and, as a result, formation of a macular star figure. NR is an atypical presentation of toxoplasmosis infection, and such cases are quite rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 13-year-old girl presented with painless subacute visual loss in her right eye for a week at Khatam-Al-Anbia eye hospital in Mashhad, Iran. Following comprehensive evaluation, a diagnosis of toxoplasmic NR was made...
April 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Marija Šimić Prskalo, Željka Tomić, Katia Novak-Lauš, Zrinko Prskalo
The aim of the study was to evaluate macular thickness and macular volume in unilateral and bilateral exfoliation syndrome and to compare them with exfoliative glaucoma and control eyes using optical coherence tomography. This prospective study included 114 subjects (228 eyes) divided into 4 groups according to the presence of exfoliation: 30 patients with unilateral syndrome, 24 patients with bilateral syndrome, 28 patients with bilateral glaucoma and control group without glaucoma or exfoliation syndrome (32 subjects)...
March 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
Shawn C Aylward, Carin S Waslo, Johnathan N Au, Emanuel Tanne
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the presenting symptoms, demographics, and interventions in pediatric patients enrolled in the Intracranial Hypertension Registry. METHODS: We analyzed confirmed intracranial hypertension patients ≤18 years at the time of initial diagnosis who were enrolled in the registry. RESULTS: A total of 203 patients met the criteria for inclusion; 142 (70%) were considered primary intracranial hypertension...
August 2016: Pediatric Neurology
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