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Quality of life psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937923/psychological-factors-in-chronic-edema-a-case-control-study
#1
Christine J Moffatt, Aimee Aubeeluck, Peter J Franks, Debra C Doherty, Peter Mortimer, Isabelle Quere
BACKGROUND: To examine psychological health and perceived social support in patients with chronic edema (CE). METHODS AND RESULTS: A random sample of 107 patients with CE was group matched for age and gender with 102 community controls. The cases had swelling of the arm (38%) and leg (61%) and midline swelling (14%). Cases were more likely to be single or divorced/separated (p = 0.041) and have reduced mobility (p < 0.001). They had significantly poorer overall health related quality of life (HRQoL), in particular physical functioning (p = 0...
September 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937896/evaluation-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-to-assess-dental-treatment-in-preschool-children-with-early-childhood-caries-a-preliminary-study
#2
Ana Lúcia Vollú, Maria da Encarnação Perez Requejo da Costa, Lucianne Cople Maia, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves
PURPOSE: The oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschool children with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) was used to assess the outcome of dental treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Children (3.56±1.31years) affected by ECC were selected. Anamnesis, clinical and radiographic exams were performed. Data about sociodemographic aspects, OHRQoL and dmf-t index were collected. The Brazilian version of Early Childhood Oral health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS) was applied in two time intervals: before and after 30 days of treatment...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937333/provider-prioritized-domains-of-quality-in-pediatric-home-based-hospice-and-palliative-care-a-study-of-the-ohio-pediatric-palliative-care-and-end-of-life-network
#3
Rachel Thienprayoon, Melissa San Julian Mark, Daniel Grossoehme
BACKGROUND: Children receiving hospice and palliative care (HPC) differ from adults in important ways. Children are more likely to have rare diagnoses, less likely to have cancer, have longer lengths of stay on hospice, and are more likely to be technology dependent than adults. The National Consensus Project (NCP) in Palliative Care established domains of quality for HPC, but these domains have not been evaluated for applicability in children. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to establish consensus stakeholder-prioritized domains of high-quality pediatric home-based hospice and palliative care (HBHPC)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935129/environmental-design-for-end-of-life-care-an-integrative-review-on-improving-quality-of-life-and-managing-symptoms-for-patients-in-institutional-settings
#4
REVIEW
Rana Sagha Zadeh, Paul Eshelman, Judith Setla, Laura Kennedy, Emily Hon, Aleksa Basara
CONTEXT: The environment in which end-of-life care is delivered can support or detract from the physical, psychological, social, and spiritual needs of patients, their families, and their caretakers. OBJECTIVES: This review aims to organize and analyze the existing evidence related to environmental design factors that improve the quality of life and total well-being of people involved in end-of-life care and to clarify directions for future research. METHOD: This integrated literature review synthesized and summarized research evidence from the fields of medicine, environmental psychology, nursing, palliative care, architecture, interior design, and evidence-based design...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935128/quality-of-life-and-sleep-quality-are-similarly-improved-after-aquatic-or-dry-land-aerobic-training-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Rodrigo S Delevatti, Felipe Barreto Schuch, Ana Carolina Kanitz, Cristine L Alberton, Elisa Corrêa Marson, Salime Chedid Lisboa, Carolina Dertzbocher Feil Pinho, Luciana Peruchena Bregagnol, Maríndia Teixeira Becker, Luiz Fernando M Kruel
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of two aerobic training models in water and on dry-land on quality of life, depressive symptoms and sleep quality in patients with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to aquatic aerobic training group (n=17) or dry-land aerobic training group (n=18). Exercise training length was of 12 weeks, performed in three weekly sessions (45min/session), with intensity progressing from 85% to 100% of heart rate of anaerobic threshold during interventions...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934981/the-effect-of-psychological-interventions-on-the-prevention-of-chronic-pain-in-adults-a-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Mélanie Bérubé, Céline Gélinas, Manon Choinière, Nancy Feeley, Géraldine Martorella, Stefan Parent, David L Streiner
BACKGROUND: Numerous psychological risk and protective factors have been identified as contributing to or preventing the development of the prevalent issue of chronic pain. Systematic reviews of studies on psychological interventions that tackle these factors have shown limited effects on chronic pain. Therefore, implementing psychological interventions before pain becomes chronic has been put forward. However, the efficacy of such interventions in preventing the transition from acute to chronic pain has not yet been systematically assessed...
September 21, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932912/behavioral-cognitive-and-emotional-coping-strategies-of-women-with-endometriosis-a-critical-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Cristina Zarbo, Agostino Brugnera, Luigi Frigerio, Chiara Malandrino, Massimo Rabboni, Emi Bondi, Angelo Compare
Endometriosis is a disabling and long-term medical condition affecting quality of life and mental health. Behavioral, cognitive, and emotional coping strategies, emotional intelligence, and metacognition could in part explain the link between the disease and impaired psychological and life functioning. This critical narrative review aimed at examining the state of the art of the relationships between endometriosis and these factors. According to PRISMA principles, we performed a systematic search for quantitative and qualitative studies on multiple electronic databases as regards coping strategies, emotional intelligence, and metacognition in women with endometriosis...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932908/the-impact-of-specialized-palliative-care-on-cancer-patients-health-related-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Angelos P Kassianos, Myria Ioannou, Marianna Koutsantoni, Haris Charalambous
PURPOSE: Specialized palliative care (SPC) is currently underutilized or provided late in cancer care. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to critically evaluate the impact of SPC on patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Five databases were searched through June 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective studies using a pre- and post- assessment of HRQoL were included. The PRISMA reporting statement was followed...
September 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932157/how-to-develop-and-validate-a-questionnaire-for-orthodontic-research
#9
REVIEW
Elbe Peter, R M Baiju, N O Varghese, Remadevi Sivaraman, David L Streiner
The use of psychometric tools to assess various psychological aspects of malocclusion and treatment is increasing in orthodontics. Mere evaluation of an orthodontic patient with normative criteria is not enough; instead, the psychological status should be assessed using a questionnaire. Many generic and few condition-specific tools are available for assessing quality of life (QoL) in orthodontics. The steps involved in the development of such tools are complex and unknown to many. This article outlines the methodology involved in the development and validation of a psychometric tool for dental and orthodontic use...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930235/current-usage-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-for-breast-cancer-a-narrative-approach-to-the-experiences-of-women-with-breast-cancer-in-australia-a-pilot-study
#10
Dianna Porter, Suzanne Cochrane, Xiaoshu Zhu
Background: The use of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) by breast cancer patients is growing. Few studies have examined the complexity of breast cancer survivors' attitudes, lived experiences, barriers, and perceptions in using TCM as part of their treatment journey. This article examines breast cancer survivors' experiences, perceptions of, and benefits (or not) in using TCM. Methods: Qualitative research, using semi-structured interviews, was the chosen methodology. Results: Participants used TCM as a form of self-help and as a complement, not an alternative, to standard care...
April 21, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929944/increasing-body-image-flexibility-in-a-residential-eating-disorder-facility-correlates-with-symptom-improvement
#11
Eric B Lee, Clarissa W Ong, Michael P Twohig, Tera Lensegrav-Benson, Benita Quakenbush-Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of changes in body image psychological flexibility over the course of treatment on various outcome variables. METHOD: Participants included 103 female, residential patients diagnosed with an eating disorder. Pretreatment and posttreatment data were collected that examined body image psychological flexibility, general psychological flexibility, symptom severity, and other outcome variables. RESULTS: Changes in body image psychological flexibility significantly predicted changes in all outcome measures except for obsessive-compulsive symptoms after controlling for body mass index, depression, and anxiety...
September 20, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928266/inter-relationship-between-visual-symptoms-activity-limitation-and-psychological-functioning-in-patients-with-diabetic-retinopathy
#12
Eva K Fenwick, Grand H-L Cheng, Ryan E K Man, Jyoti Khadka, Gwyn Rees, Tien Y Wong, Konrad Pesudovs, Ecosse Luc Lamoureux
AIMS: We explored the direct and indirect impact of restrictions in daily living activities on the relationship between perceived visual symptoms associated with diabetic retinopathy (DR) and psychological functioning. METHODS: In this prospective, cross-sectional study, 514 tertiary patients with DR (mean age±SD, 60.4±12.6 years; 64% male) answered questions related to nine domains of DR-specific quality of life. These were classified into the following predictor, mediating and outcome variables: visual symptoms (predictor variable); activity limitation, driving, lighting, social restriction, inconvenience, mobility (mediating variables); and emotional distress and concerns (outcome variables)...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928109/components-and-outcomes-of-internet-based-interventions-for-caregivers-of-older-adults-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Cassioppée Guay, Claudine Auger, Louise Demers, W Ben Mortenson, William C Miller, Dominique Gélinas-Bronsard, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: When trying to access interventions to improve their well-being and quality of life, family caregivers face many challenges. Internet-based interventions provide new and accessible opportunities to remotely support them and can contribute to reducing their burden. However, little is known about the link existing between the components, the use of behavior change techniques, and the outcomes of these Internet-based interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide an update on the best available evidence about the efficacy of Internet-based interventions for caregivers of older adults...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927507/providing-physical-care-to-persons-with-serious-mental-illness-attitudes-confidence-barriers-and-psychological-empowerment
#14
Margaret Knight, Paula Bolton, Lynne Kopeski
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in people with serious mental illness (SMI) has been well documented in the mental health literature. Despite the adoption of various guidelines for monitoring risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular risk in this population, limited translation has occurred in actual practice (Hermes, Sernyak, & Rosenheck, 2013). The Institute of Medicine (IoM) (2009) has noted a lag time in the application of knowledge within clinical settings. Evidence-based practice was deemed as a means of improving healthcare outcomes through the use of science supported standards of care...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927453/employment-status-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-hodgkin-lymphoma-survivors-results-based-on-data-from-a-major-treatment-center-in-hungary
#15
Ferenc Magyari, Karolina Kósa, Roland Berecz, Anna Illés, Zsófia Miltényi, Zsófia Simon, Árpád Illés
BACKGROUND: Due to risk and response adapted treatment strategies, more than 80% of newly diagnosed classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) patients can be cured, and become long-term survivors. However, a high proportion of survivors suffer from treatment-related long-term side effects such as secondary malignancy, organ failure, persistent fatigue and psychological distress. The aim of this study was to evaluate psychological distress and its risk factors among our HL survivors. METHODS: One hundred sixty-three (50% female) adult HL survivors were contacted between January 1, 2012 and march 31, 2015 in our outpatient centre...
September 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927389/follow-up-care-after-treatment-for-prostate-cancer-protocol-for-an-evaluation-of-a-nurse-led-supported-self-management-and-remote-surveillance-programme
#16
Jane Frankland, Hazel Brodie, Deborah Cooke, Claire Foster, Rebecca Foster, Heather Gage, Jake Jordan, Ines Mesa-Eguiagaray, Ruth Pickering, Alison Richardson
BACKGROUND: As more men survive a diagnosis of prostate cancer, alternative models of follow-up care that address men's enduring unmet needs and are economical to deliver are needed. This paper describes the protocol for an ongoing evaluation of a nurse-led supported self-management and remote surveillance programme implemented within the secondary care setting. METHODS/DESIGN: The evaluation is taking place within a real clinical setting, comparing the outcomes of men enrolled in the Programme with the outcomes of a pre-service change cohort of men, using a repeated measures design...
September 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927333/vulnerability-to-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-is-linked-to-low-neuropeptide-y-levels
#17
Michael Winterdahl, Alessandro Miani, Moana J H Vercoe, Antonia Ciovica, Lori Uber-Zak, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Paul J Zak
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) is a conversion disorder that reflects underlying psychological distress. Female patients with PNES often present with a history of prolonged stressors, especially sexual abuse. In the current study, we studied the relationship between neuropeptide Y (NPY) and PNES symptoms in women with a history of sexual abuse. NPY has been associated with resilience to stress and we hypothesized that low levels would increase the extent and severity of PNES symptoms in this patient population...
September 19, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926526/group-interventions-to-reduce-emotional-distress-and-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-9-month-follow-up-pragmatic-trial
#18
Charlotte Grégoire, Isabelle Bragard, Guy Jerusalem, Anne-Marie Etienne, Philippe Coucke, Gilles Dupuis, Dominique Lanctôt, Marie-Elisabeth Faymonville
BACKGROUND: Long-term effects of psychosocial interventions to reduce emotional distress, sleep difficulties, and fatigue of breast cancer patients are rarely examined. We aim to assess the effectiveness of three group interventions, based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), yoga, and self-hypnosis, in comparison to a control group at a 9-month follow-up. METHODS: A total of 123 patients chose to participate in one of the interventions. A control group was set up for those who agreed not to participate...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926349/a-nurse-led-care-program-for-breast-cancer-patients-in-a-chemotherapy-day-center-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Xiao Bin Lai, Shirley Siu Yin Ching, Frances Kam Yuet Wong, Carenx Wai Yee Leung, Lai Ha Lee, Jessica Shuk Yin Wong, Yim Fan Lo
BACKGROUND: Healthcare providers are facing the challenge of helping cancer patients cope with the impact of outpatient-based chemotherapy. A nurse-led care program was proposed to address this challenge. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a nurse-led care program for patients receiving outpatient-based chemotherapy. METHODS: This was a single-center, open-label, 2-arm parallel trial with equal randomization (NCT02228200)...
September 19, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926288/effect-of-inpatient-palliative-care-during-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-on-psychological-distress-6-months-after-transplant-results-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Areej El-Jawahri, Lara Traeger, Joseph A Greer, Harry VanDusen, Sarah R Fishman, Thomas W LeBlanc, William F Pirl, Vicki A Jackson, Jason Telles, Alison Rhodes, Zhigang Li, Thomas R Spitzer, Steven McAfee, Yi-Bin A Chen, Jennifer S Temel
Purpose Inpatient palliative care integrated with transplant care improves patients' quality of life (QOL) and symptom burden during hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (HCT). We assessed patients' mood, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and QOL 6 months post-transplant. Methods We randomly assigned 160 patients with hematologic malignancies who underwent autologous or allogeneic HCT to inpatient palliative care integrated with transplant care (n = 81) or transplant care alone (n = 79). At baseline and 6 months post-transplant, we assessed mood, PTSD symptoms, and QOL with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Patient Health Questionnaire, PTSD checklist, and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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