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Quality of life psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166480/-impact-of-moderate-intellectual-disability-on-the-dynamics-and-quality-of-family-life-a-qualitative-clinical-study
#1
Rodrigo Victor Viana Tomaz, Vanessa de Arruda Santos, Lucimar Retto da Silva de Avó, Carla Maria Ramos Germano, Débora Gusmão Melo
This qualitative clinical study investigated the impact of moderate intellectual disability on family dynamics and quality of life. The data were collected using individual interviews with 15 mothers of children with intellectual disabilities, as a convenience sample, and examined with categorical thematic content analysis. The results were discussed using a comprehensive and interpretative approach. Analysis of the interviews showed that care for children with intellectual disabilities is centered on the mother, contributing to the change in family relations...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166223/a-follow-up-study-of-a-reminiscence-intervention-and-its-effects-on-depressed-mood-life-satisfaction-and-well-being-in-the-elderly
#2
Paz Viguer, Encarna Satorres, Flor B Fortuna, Juan C Meléndez
The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which a reminiscence intervention reduces depressed mood and improves life satisfaction and psychological well-being. 160 healthy elderly people participated in a 10-session intervention. An experimental design with pretest and posttest evaluations was applied, comparing a control group to an intervention group to evaluate the effects of the program. Follow-up measures were also taken to find out whether the intervention's positive effects lasted over time...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165720/-relationship-strain-parkinson-s-disease-gender-specific-distress-of-partners-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Christoph Braukhaus, Uwe Jahnke, Tanja Zimmermann
A Parkinson's disease is attended by high strain for the patients and an obvious loss of relationship functioning. Partners of patients (N=110) were evaluated via self-assessment in terms of own depression (PHQ-9), own fear of progression (PA-F-P-KF), relationship quality (PFB) as well as perceived deficits in everyday life and nonverbal communication. 26% of women and 11% of men showed depression scores, 51% of women and 41% of men dysfunctional fear of progression and about 60% were unsatisfied with their relationship...
November 17, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165558/-she-had-a-smile-on-her-face-as-wide-as-the-great-australian-bite-a-qualitative-examination-of-family-perceptions-of-a-therapeutic-robot-and-a-plush-toy
#4
Wendy Moyle, Marguerite Bramble, Cindy J Jones, Jenny E Murfield, Barbara J Bowers
Background and Objectives: Recent years have seen social robotic pets introduced as a means of treating behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, and many show promising potential. In this study, we sought to explore family members' perceptions of the Japanese-developed baby harp seal, Paro (version 9), and a look-alike, nonrobotic Plush Toy, when used by their relative with dementia for 15 min, 3 afternoons per week for 10 weeks. Research Design and Method: The study employed a descriptive qualitative approach, which was nested within a larger cluster randomized controlled trial...
November 19, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165096/depression-and-self-efficacy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-nothern-greece
#5
Paraskevi Sympa, Eugenia Vlachou, Kyriakos Kazakos, Ourania Govina, George Stamatiou, Maria Lavdaniti
BACKGROUND: Depression represents one of the most common disorders in diabetic patients and frequently complicates the health care of this population. Poor self-efficacy has been associated with increased depressive symptoms as well as poor glycemic control. OBJECTIVE: Τo assess depression and self-efficacy in adults with type 2 diabetes in Northern Greece and to explore the factors which may affect them in this group of population. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in the largest city of Northern Greece...
November 20, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164989/shining-a-light-examining-similarities-and-differences-in-the-work-psychology-of-health-support-workers-employed-in-long-term-care-and-home-and-community-care-settings
#6
Tyrone A Perreira, Whitney Berta, Audrey Laporte, Liane Ginsburg, Raisa Deber, Gillian Elliott, Janet Lum
Health Support Workers (HSWs) provide up to 80% of care to residents and clients in the long-term care (LTC) and home and community care (HCC) sectors but have received little research attention compared with the regulated professions. The authors explore similarities and differences in the work psychology of HSWs employed in LTC and HCC settings. Data were collected via survey from 276 LTC and 184 HCC HSWs. Descriptive statistics and path analyses were conducted. HSWs in LTC and HCC settings have significant, positive associations between organizational citizenship behaviors directed toward the organization (OCB-Os) and psychological empowerment, as well as intention to stay (ITS) and job satisfaction...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164907/optimisation-of-dementia-care-in-care-homes-dementia-care-framework-innovative-practice
#7
Claire Royston, Gary Mitchell, Colin Sheeran, Joanne Strain, Sue Goldsmith
There are an increasing number of people living with dementia in care home settings. Recent reports suggest that people who deliver care to residents living with dementia in care homes require specialist support to provide optimum care. To address this need Four Seasons Health Care, the largest provider of care homes within the UK today, sought to design a dementia care framework that enhanced the quality of life for people living with dementia in their care homes. The framework was designed using a robust evidence base, engagement with people living with dementia, their care partners, policy-writers, multidisciplinary professionals and people within the organisation...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163860/assessing-therapeutic-change-in-patients-with-severe-dissociative-disorders-the-progress-in-treatment-questionnaire-therapist-and-patient-measures
#8
Hugo Schielke, Bethany Brand, Angelika Marsic
Background: Treatment research for dissociative identity disorder (DID) and closely related severe dissociative disorders (DD) is rare, and has been made more difficult by the lack of a reliable, valid measure for assessing treatment progress in these populations. Objective: This paper presents psychometric data for therapist and patient report measures developed to evaluate therapeutic progress and outcomes for individuals with DID and other DD: the Progress in Treatment Questionnaire - Therapist (PITQ-t; a therapist report measure) and the Progress in Treatment Questionnaire - Patient (PITQ-p; a patient self-report measure)...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162193/childhood-quality-influences-genetic-sensitivity-to-environmental-influences-across-adulthood-a-life-course-gene-%C3%A3-environment-interaction-study
#9
Robert Keers, Michael Pluess
While environmental adversity has been shown to increase risk for psychopathology, individuals differ in their sensitivity to these effects. Both genes and childhood experiences are thought to influence sensitivity to the environment, and these factors may operate synergistically such that the effects of childhood experiences on later sensitivity are greater in individuals who are more genetically sensitive. In line with this hypothesis, several recent studies have reported a significant three-way interaction (Gene × Environment × Environment) between two candidate genes and childhood and adult environment on adult psychopathology...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162058/cognitive-rehabilitation-and-mindfulness-in-multiple-sclerosis-remind-ms-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Ilse M Nauta, Anne E M Speckens, Roy P C Kessels, Jeroen J G Geurts, Vincent de Groot, Bernard M J Uitdehaag, Luciano Fasotti, Brigit A de Jong
BACKGROUND: Cognitive problems frequently occur in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and profoundly affect their quality of life. So far, the best cognitive treatment options for MS patients are a matter of debate. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the effectiveness of two promising non-pharmacological treatments: cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). Furthermore, this study aims to gain additional knowledge about the aetiology of cognitive problems among MS patients, since this may help to develop and guide effective cognitive treatments...
November 21, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159776/non-pharmacological-interventions-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-compression-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
María Paniagua-Collado, Omar Cauli
Spinal cord compression is a complex and challenging condition that greatly affects the quality of life. Non-pharmacological techniques have only been studied to a very lesser extent; although they are evidence to be beneficial. We performed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) analysis of the scientific literature in several databases (Medline, Cochrane, Scopus, Cuiden, Pubmed, Lilacs and Embase); using the following keywords: spinal cord compression, spine compression, mobilization, positioning, brace and bracing...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159308/transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youths-public-facilities-use-and-psychological-well-being-a-mixed-method-study
#12
Lance S Weinhardt, Patricia Stevens, Hui Xie, Linda M Wesp, Steven A John, Immaculate Apchemengich, David Kioko, Shannon Chavez-Korell, Katherine M Cochran, Jennifer M Watjen, Nickolas H Lambrou
Purpose: In this study, we explored experiences and feelings of safety in public facilities in relation to psychological well-being among transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth in the Midwest in the summer of 2016, in the context of ongoing legislative proposals and regulations regarding school and public bathroom use in the United States. Methods: We used a mixed-method approach, with (1) a self-administered, paper-and-pencil survey of 120 TGNC youth, focusing on differences of self-esteem, resilience, quality of life (QoL), perceived stigma, feelings of safety, and experiences of public facility use and (2) two focus group interviews (n=9) in which TGNC youth discussed individual perceptions, attitudes, and experiences of bathroom use outside participants' homes...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159182/a-psychological-perspective-on-preterm-children-the-influence-of-contextual-factors-on-quality-of-family-interactions
#13
Michela Gatta, Marina Miscioscia, Lorenza Svanellini, Chiara Peraro, Alessandra Simonelli
Preterm birth has a critical influence on interactive, communicative, and expressive child behaviour, particularly during the first years of life. Few studies have stressed the assessment of mother-father-child interaction in families with preterm children, generating contradictory results. The present study wished to develop these fields: (i) comparing the quality of family interactions between families with preterm children and families with children born at full term; (ii) observing the development of family interactions after six months in the families with children born preterm; (iii) assessing family and contextual factors, as parental stress and social support, in parents of preterm children in order to observe their influence on the quality of family interactions...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157846/definition-of-traumatic-brain-injury-neurosurgery-trauma-orthopedics-neuroimaging-psychology-and-psychiatry-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
REVIEW
Mubashir Pervez, Ryan S Kitagawa, Tiffany R Chang
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) disrupts the normal function of the brain. This condition can adversely affect a person's quality of life with cognitive, behavioral, emotional, and physical symptoms that limit interpersonal, social, and occupational functioning. Although many systems exist, the simplest classification includes mild, moderate, and severe TBI depending on the nature of injury and the impact on the patient's clinical status. Patients with TBI require prompt evaluation and multidisciplinary management...
February 2018: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157301/family-support-discrimination-and-quality-of-life-among-art-treated-hiv-infected-patients-a-two-year-study-in-china
#15
Jun-Fang Xu, Zhong-Qiang Ming, Yu-Qian Zhang, Pei-Cheng Wang, Jun Jing, Feng Cheng
BACKGROUND: By September 2016, approximately 653,865 people in China were living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and 492,725 people were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). PLWHA frequently experience discrimination in all domains of their personal and social lives. The World Health Organization includes discrimination in its list of social determinants of health factors that have been linked to poor physical and psychological health. This paper identifies the family support enjoyed and discrimination faced by people infected with HIV and examines the effect they have on patients' quality of life (QOL) as they undergo ART in China...
November 21, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157276/impact-of-non-surgical-periodontal-therapy-on-ohrqol-in-an-obese-population-a-randomised-control-trial
#16
Samara S Basher, R Saub, R D Vaithilingam, S H Safii, Aqil M Daher, F H Al-Bayaty, N A Baharuddin
BACKGROUND: Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) is an important measure of disease and intervention outcomes. Chronic periodontitis (CP) is an inflammatory condition that is associated with obesity and adversely affects OHRQoL. Obese patients with CP incur a double burden of disease. In this article we aimed to explore the effect of Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy (NSPT) on OHRQoL among obese participants with chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomised control clinical trial at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya...
November 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157088/examining-the-effect-of-the-computer-based-educational-package-on-quality-of-life-and-severity-of-hypogonadism-symptoms-in-males
#17
Elahe Afsharnia, Minoo Pakgohar, Shahla Khosravi, Hamid Haghani
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the computer-based educational package on men's QoL and the severity of their hypogonadism symptoms. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study was conducted on 80 male employees. The data collection tool included the 'Aging Male Symptoms' (AMS) and 'Short Form-36' (SF36) questionnaires. Four sessions were held for the intervention group over a period of 4 weeks. Two months after training, QoL and the severity of hypogonadism symptoms were measured in both the intervention and control groups...
November 20, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156907/the-palliative-care-needs-for-those-advanced-neurology-patients-on-mechanical-ventilator-support
#18
Tsz Kin Kwok
There are mainly two types of needs for the ventilator users with severe neurological diseases: respiratory related needs include mode of ventilation selection, mode of ventilator prescription, maintaining lung recruitment and good airway clearance; non-respiratory related needs include substantial nursing care, adequate nutrition, accessible communication and psychological support. All these are important to maintain the quality of life of these patients.
September 13, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155291/measuring-the-psychosocial-dimensions-of-quality-of-life-in-advanced-cancer-patients-psychometrics-of-the-german-quality-of-life-at-the-end-of-life-cancer-psychosocial-qual-ec-p-questionnaire
#19
Britta Grünke, Rebecca Philipp, Sigrun Vehling, Katharina Scheffold, Martin Härter, Karin Oechsle, Frank Schulz-Kindermann, Anja Mehnert, Christopher Lo
CONTEXT: Quality of life is a central focus of care in advanced cancer. Specialized instruments, such as the QUAL-EC, may be useful to assess psychosocial issues associated with quality of life unique to this population. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the measurement of the psychosocial dimensions of quality of life using the German translation of the QUAL-EC-Cancer-Psychosocial Questionnaire (QUAL-EC-P), including factor structure and psychometrics. METHODS: 183 patients with advanced cancer from the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf and University Medical Center Leipzig completed the QUAL-EC-P...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153214/-psychological-support-for-patients-with-a-ventricular-assist-device
#20
Laurence Le Helias
In the case of end-stage heart failure, the medical-surgical team can suggest the use of an external circulatory assist device as a definitive therapy. Living with this assistance requires a certain amount of adaptation on the part of the patients and their family, but can significantly improve quality of life. Support groups give them the opportunity to talk about their new life and receive psychological support.
November 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
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