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Quality of life psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792834/improvement-of-esthetic-functional-and-social-well-being-after-orthognathic-surgical-intervention-a-sampling-of-postsurgical-patients-over-a-10-year-period-from-2007-to-2017
#1
Farhad Ghorbani, Hamed Gheibollahi, Saeid Tavanafar, Hamid Reza Eftekharian
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of orthognathic surgery on the long-term quality of life of patients who received this treatment and to delineate the common reasons for dissatisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, patients who underwent orthognathic surgery were studied. One hundred thirty-two patients who had undergone orthognathic surgery from 2007 to 2017 in the oral and maxillofacial surgery department participated in this study...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792068/loneliness-life-satisfaction-and-psychological-distress-among-out-of-school-adolescents-in-a-nigerian-urban-city
#2
Friday E Okwaraji, Kenechukwu I Obiechina, Godwin C Onyebueke, Ogechukwu N Udegbunam, Godfrey S Nnadum
Loneliness is the feeling of distress that arises when an individual perceives his or her social relationships as being less satisfying than what is desired. Life satisfaction is a global assessment of an individual's quality of life based on his chosen criteria. This descriptive cross sectional study assessed loneliness, life satisfaction and psychological distress among 480 out of school adolescents using the UCLA loneliness scale, the Satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) and the General Health questionnaire...
May 23, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792064/the-effect-and-importance-of-physical-activity-on-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-in-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-mixed-studies-review
#3
Tina Junge, Jonas Ahler, Hans K Knudsen, Hanne K Kristensen
Background People with dementia may benefit from the effect of physical activity on behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. Qualitative synthesis of the importance of physical activity might complement and help clarify quantitative findings on this topic. The purpose of this systematic mixed studies review was to evaluate findings from both quantitative and qualitative methods about the effect and importance of physical activity on behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia in people with dementia...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791658/self-report-of-psychological-symptoms-in-hypoparathyroidism-patients-on-conventional-therapy
#4
Amanda J Arneiro, Bianca C C Duarte, Rodrigo M Kulchetscki, Victor B S Cury, Maicon P Lopes, Breno S Kliemann, Ileana B Bini, Marcos Assad, Gleyne L K Biagini, Victoria Z C Borba, Carolina A Moreira
OBJECTIVE: Hypoparathyroidism is characterized by parathyroid hormone deficiency and hypocalcemia. It has been demonstrated that these patients may also present psychiatric symptoms and decrease of quality of life. The aims of this study were to evaluate the presence of psychopathological symptoms in a cohort of patients with hypoparathyroidism and compare to a control group. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients were submitted to a cross-sectional Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R) questionnaire that evaluates psychopathological symptoms by means of the Global Severity Index (GSI), Positive Symptoms Total (PST) and Positive Symptom Distress Index (PSDI)...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791487/patients-experiences-of-coping-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-their-recommendations-for-its-clinical-management
#5
Sameera Senanayake, Kim Harrison, Michael Lewis, Melitta McNarry, Joanne Hudson
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive and life-limiting condition. From a healthcare perspective it is vital to establish effective methods of improving the quality of remaining life in these patients. This requires a detailed understanding of the multiple impacts of an IPF diagnosis on the individual. METHODS: We sought to understand how patients coped with their initial diagnosis, how they live with the disease day-to-day, and their experiences and opinions of the professional support they receive...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791247/a-randomized-trial-of-a-family-support-intervention-in-intensive-care-units
#6
Douglas B White, Derek C Angus, Anne-Marie Shields, Praewpannarai Buddadhumaruk, Caroline Pidro, Cynthia Paner, Elizabeth Chaitin, Chung-Chou H Chang, Francis Pike, Lisa Weissfeld, Jeremy M Kahn, Joseph M Darby, Amy Kowinsky, Susan Martin, Robert M Arnold
Background Surrogate decision makers for incapacitated, critically ill patients often struggle with decisions related to goals of care. Such decisions cause psychological distress in surrogates and may lead to treatment that does not align with patients' preferences. Methods We conducted a stepped-wedge, cluster-randomized trial involving patients with a high risk of death and their surrogates in five intensive care units (ICUs) to compare a multicomponent family-support intervention delivered by the interprofessional ICU team with usual care...
May 23, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791012/a-systematic-mixed-studies-review-of-women-s-experiences-of-perineal-trauma-sustained-during-childbirth
#7
REVIEW
Rebecca Crookall, Gillian Fowler, Caroline Wood, Pauline Slade
AIM: To explore the quantitative/qualitative literature on women's experiences of perineal trauma sustained during childbirth and the impact it may have on psychological/emotional wellbeing BACKGROUND: Obstetric complications during childbirth can be a risk factor for postpartum psychological distress. Perineal trauma is one of the most frequent obstetric complications and it is important to understand any impact on psychological/emotional wellbeing. DESIGN: A convergent qualitative design using a hybrid deductive-inductive thematic synthesis approach to data transformation was used...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790313/quality-of-life-of-cancer-patients
#8
Solanki Jitender, Rajive Mahajan, Vikram Rathore, Rahul Choudhary
Cancer is a one of the major public health problem both in developed and developing countries around the globe. Quality-of-life (QOL) of a cancer patient before and after the treatment is an important issue especially for the cancer survivors, their families, and the care providers. In cancer prospective, Quality-of-life can been defined as a sense of well-being, it is a multidimensional perspective that includes dimensions such as physical, psychological, social, and spiritual, changes in one QOL dimension can influence perceptions in other dimensions also...
May 2018: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790140/-the-relationship-between-quality-of-life-and-psychological-and-behavioral-factors-in-patients-with-heart-failure-following-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy
#9
Jing Huang, Jin-Bo Fang, Yi-Heng Zhao
BACKGROUND: While cardiac resynchronization therapy improves the quality of life of patients with heart failure, some psychological and behavioral factors still affect the quality of life of these patients. However, information on the factors that affect the quality of life of these patients is limited. PURPOSE: To describe the quality of life and investigate the relationship between quality of life and behavioral and psychological factors such as depression, smoking, drinking, water and sodium restrictions, exercise, and adherence in patients with chronic heart failure following cardiac resynchronization therapy...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789272/psodisk-is-a-reliable-intuitive-instrument-for-the-evaluation-of-psychological-distress-which-strongly-correlates-with-dlqi-a-preliminary-study
#10
Emanuele Cozzani, Dennis Linder, Martina Burlando, Fabio Gallo, Francesca Sampogna, Marco Bruzzone, Carlotta Tacchino, Francesco Drago, Aurora Parodi
BACKGROUND: PSOdisk is a 10-item visual instrument, aimed at assessing the burden of disease in patients with psoriasis. OBJECTIVES: To compare PSOdisk with a scientifically validated questionnaire, the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), and asses both tools in relation to Psoriasis Severity Index (PASI) and patient acceptance. MATERIALS & METHODS: Fifty patients with cutaneous (PSO) and/or arthritic psoriasis (PSA) were recruited...
May 23, 2018: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788996/effectiveness-and-acceptance-of-a-web-based-depression-intervention-during-waiting-time-for-outpatient-psychotherapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Sasha-Denise Grünzig, Harald Baumeister, Jürgen Bengel, David Ebert, Lena Krämer
BACKGROUND: Due to limited resources, waiting periods for psychotherapy are often long and burdening for those in need of treatment and the health care system. In order to bridge the gap between initial contact and the beginning of psychotherapy, web-based interventions can be applied. The implementation of a web-based depression intervention during waiting periods has the potential to reduce depressive symptoms and enhance well-being in depressive individuals waiting for psychotherapy...
May 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788969/psychosocial-predictors-for-outcome-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-prospective-comparison-of-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Marion Lindner, Olaf Nosseir, Anett Keller-Pliessnig, Per Teigelack, Martin Teufel, Sefik Tagay
BACKGROUND: As findings regarding predictors for good outcome after total joint arthroplasty are highly inconsistent, aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the psychosocial variables sense of coherence and social support as well as mental distress on physical outcome after surgery. It should be investigated if different predictors are important in patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA) compared to patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: In a prospective design, 44 patients undergoing THA and 61 patients undergoing TKA were examined presurgery and 6 and 12 weeks after surgery using WOMAC (disease-specific outcome), SF-36 (health-related quality of life), BSI (psychological distress), SOC-13 (sense of coherence), and F-SozU (social support)...
May 22, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788783/a-mixed-methods-approach-to-understanding-the-palliative-needs-of-parkinson-s-patients
#13
Lindsay P Prizer, Jennifer L Gay, Mark G Wilson, Kerstin G Emerson, Anne P Glass, Janis M Miyasaki, Molly M Perkins
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second-most common age-related neurodegenerative disorder. Despite recommendations for a palliative approach, little is known about what palliative needs are unmet by standard care. This study aims to (a) identify palliative needs of PD patients, (b) determine the relationship between palliative needs and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and (c) probe into factors affecting HRQoL. PD patients and neurologists were recruited for a survey on palliative need; a subset of patients was interviewed...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788383/assessment-of-quality-of-life-in-chinese-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-their-caregivers
#14
Rui Liu, Anliu Tang, Xiaoyan Wang, Shourong Shen
Background: Chronic diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) usually affect the psychological status and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients and their caregivers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of anxiety, depression, and HRQOL and find the risk factors predictive of HRQOL in IBD patients and their caregivers in a Chinese population. Methods: One hundred four adult patients with IBD, 102 family caregivers, and 99 healthy controls were enrolled...
May 17, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788221/predictive-factors-of-life-quality-among-packaging-workers-in-taiwan
#15
Shang-Yu Yang, Der-Jen Hsu, Chun-Ming Yen, Jer-Hao Chang
The semiconductor plants on the top of high-tech industrial chain hire many packaging workers to carry out miscellaneous packing tasks for various product orders from different companies and countries. Under tremendous workload the quality of life (QoL) of such packaging workers need to be concerned. The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing their QoL. This study recruited 247 packing workers (162 male and 85 female; mean age: 35.6 years old) in 2015 and 2016 from a semiconductor plant in Taiwan by convenience sampling...
May 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788083/evaluation-of-an-intensive-interdisciplinary-pain-treatment-based-on-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-and-their-parents-a-nonrandomized-clinical-trial
#16
Mike K Kemani, Marie Kanstrup, Abbie Jordan, Line Caes, Jeremy Gauntlett-Gilbert
Objective: Parental factors are central in the development and maintenance of chronic pain in youths. Only a handful of studies have investigated the impact of psychological treatments for pediatric chronic pain on parental factors, and the relationships between changes in parental and adolescent factors. In the current study, we evaluated the effects of an intensive interdisciplinary pain treatment (IIPT) program based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for adolescents with chronic pain, on adolescent and parental variables, and the relationship between parental psychological flexibility and adolescent pain acceptance...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787956/gender-self-rated-health-and-functional-decline-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#17
Razak M Gyasi, David R Phillips
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines the association between self-rated health (SRH) and functional decline (FD) in older Ghanaian cohorts and investigates whether the effect differs by gender and also modified by marital status. METHODS: The study used cross-sectional survey data (N = 1200) from an Aging, Health, Psychological Wellbeing and Health-seeking Behavior Study (AHPWHB) study conducted in between August 2016 and January 2017. A four-level gendered-stratified logit modeling estimated the SRH-FD association and the interaction terms...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786597/-the-sexuality-of-woman-in-puerperium
#18
Barbara Kalbarczyk, Marcin Bobiński, Mieczysław Szatanek, Bartłomiej Kalbarczyk, Robert Rojewski, Jan Kotarski
After the birth various physical, hormonal and psychological changes affect women's emotional status. These significantly impact their family life including the quality of sexual relationships. Among these factors the method of birth, hormonal changes, breast feeding and incidence of postpartal depression are considered to affect relations with the partner. Unfortunately the sexuality in this special time in women's life is commonly avoided or underestimated both by woman and doctors.
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784228/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-mindful-attention-awareness-scale-among-arab-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Ahmad Rayan, Muayyad Ahmad
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties and the theoretical structure of the mindful attention awareness scale (MAAS) with parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Jordan. METHOD: A sample of 104 parents of children with ASD in Jordan completed the study. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to assess the factor structure of MAAS. Internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. The convergent validity was assessed using Pearson's product-moment correlations between the MAAS and measures of psychological distress and Quality of life...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783936/identifying-and-assessing-the-benefits-of-interventions-for-postnatal-depression-a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations
#20
Binu Gurung, Louise J Jackson, Mark Monahan, Ruth Butterworth, Tracy E Roberts
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluations of interventions for postnatal depression (PND) are essential to ensure optimal healthcare decision-making. Due to the wide-ranging effects of PND on the mother, baby and whole family, there is a need to include outcomes for all those affected and to include health and non-health outcomes for accurate estimates of cost-effectiveness. This study aimed to identify interventions to prevent or treat PND for which an economic evaluation had been conducted and to evaluate the health and non-health outcomes included...
May 21, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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