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fukutin related protein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906078/four-week-rapamycin-treatment-improves-muscular-dystrophy-in-a-fukutin-deficient-mouse-model-of-dystroglycanopathy
#1
Steven J Foltz, Junna Luan, Jarrod A Call, Ankit Patel, Kristen B Peissig, Marisa J Fortunato, Aaron M Beedle
BACKGROUND: Secondary dystroglycanopathies are a subset of muscular dystrophy caused by abnormal glycosylation of α-dystroglycan (αDG). Loss of αDG functional glycosylation prevents it from binding to laminin and other extracellular matrix receptors, causing muscular dystrophy. Mutations in a number of genes, including FKTN (fukutin), disrupt αDG glycosylation. METHODS: We analyzed conditional Fktn knockout (Fktn KO) muscle for levels of mTOR signaling pathway proteins by Western blot...
June 2, 2016: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872178/childhood-activity-on-progression-in-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-2i
#2
Brianna N Brun, Shelley R H Mockler, Katie M Laubscher, Carrie M Stephan, Julia A Collison, M Bridget Zimmerman, Katherine D Mathews
Limb girdle muscular dystrophy 2I is a slowly progressive muscular dystrophy due to mutations in the Fukutin-related protein (FKRP) gene. Clinicians are frequently asked if physical activity is harmful for pediatric patients with limb girdle muscular dystrophy 2I. The primary objective of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between self-reported childhood activity level and motor function and respiratory function in older children and adults with limb girdle muscular dystrophy 2I. We compared retrospective self-reported middle school activity level and sport participation with age at onset of weakness, 10-meter walk test, and forced vital capacity later in life in 41 participants with FKRP mutations...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711214/progressive-dystrophic-pathology-in-diaphragm-and-impairment-of-cardiac-function-in-fkrp-p448l-mutant-mice
#3
Anthony Blaeser, Hiroyuki Awano, Bo Wu, Qi-Long Lu
Mutations in the gene for fukutin-related protein represent a subset of muscular dystrophies known as dystroglycanopathies characterized by loss of functionally-glycosylated-alpha-dystroglycan and a wide range of dystrophic phenotypes. Mice generated by our lab containing the P448L mutation in the fukutin-related protein gene demonstrate the dystrophic phenotype similar to that of LGMD2I. Here we examined the morphology of the heart and diaphragm, focusing on pathology of diaphragm and cardiac function of the mutant mice for up to 12 months...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627455/trendelenburg-like-gait-instability-and-altered-step-patterns-in-a-mouse-model-for-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-2i
#4
Joseph W Maricelli, Qi L Lu, David C Lin, Buel D Rodgers
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2i (LGMD2i) affects thousands of lives with shortened life expectancy mainly due to cardiac and respiratory problems and difficulty with ambulation significantly compromising quality of life. Limited studies have noted impaired gait in patients and animal models of different muscular dystrophies, but not in animal models of LGMD2i. Our goal, therefore, was to quantify gait metrics in the fukutin-related protein P448L mutant (P448L) mouse, a recently developed model for LGMD2i...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515093/expression-of-glycosylated-%C3%AE-dystroglycan-in-newborn-skeletal-and-cardiac-muscles-of-fukutin-related-protein-mutant-mice
#5
Elizabeth Keramaris, Pei J Lu, Jason Tucker, Qi L Lu
INTRODUCTION: Mutations in the Fukutin related protein (FKRP) gene are characterized by a lack of functionally glycosylated α-dystroglycan (F-α-DG) in muscles. A small number of fibers retain the capacity to produce strong IIH6 reactive glycosylated-α-DG (g-α-DG) in muscles of both FKRP mutant animals and patients. METHODS: We examined the expression of g-α-DG in limb, diaphragm, and cardiac muscles of newborn FKRP mutants and LARGE(myd) mice with IIH6 antibody...
August 12, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493216/carbohydrate-binding-domain-of-the-pomgnt1-stem-region-modulates-o-mannosylation-sites-of-%C3%AE-dystroglycan
#6
Naoyuki Kuwabara, Hiroshi Manya, Takeyuki Yamada, Hiroaki Tateno, Motoi Kanagawa, Kazuhiro Kobayashi, Keiko Akasaka-Manya, Yuriko Hirose, Mamoru Mizuno, Mitsunori Ikeguchi, Tatsushi Toda, Jun Hirabayashi, Toshiya Senda, Tamao Endo, Ryuichi Kato
The dystrophin glycoprotein complex, which connects the cell membrane to the basement membrane, is essential for a variety of biological events, including maintenance of muscle integrity. An O-mannose-type GalNAc-β1,3-GlcNAc-β1,4-(phosphate-6)-Man structure of α-dystroglycan (α-DG), a subunit of the complex that is anchored to the cell membrane, interacts directly with laminin in the basement membrane. Reduced glycosylation of α-DG is linked to some types of inherited muscular dystrophy; consistent with this relationship, many disease-related mutations have been detected in genes involved in O-mannosyl glycan synthesis...
August 16, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439679/fkrp-mutations-including-a-founder-mutation-cause-phenotype-variability-in-chinese-patients-with-dystroglycanopathies
#7
Xiaona Fu, Haipo Yang, Cuijie Wei, Hui Jiao, Shuo Wang, Yanling Yang, Chunxi Han, Xiru Wu, Hui Xiong
Mutations in the fukutin-related protein (FKRP) gene have been associated with dystroglycanopathies, which are common in Europe but rare in Asia. Our study aimed to retrospectively analyze and characterize the clinical, myopathological and genetic features of 12 Chinese patients with FKRP mutations. Three patients were diagnosed with congenital muscular dystrophy type 1C (MDC1C) and nine patients were diagnosed with limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 2I (LGMD2I). Three muscle biopsy specimens had dystrophic changes and reduced glycosylated α-dystroglycan staining, and two showed reduced expression of laminin α2...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257474/four-week-rapamycin-treatment-improves-muscular-dystrophy-in-a-fukutin-deficient-mouse-model-of-dystroglycanopathy
#8
Steven J Foltz, Junna Luan, Jarrod A Call, Ankit Patel, Kristen B Peissig, Marisa J Fortunato, Aaron M Beedle
BACKGROUND: Secondary dystroglycanopathies are a subset of muscular dystrophy caused by abnormal glycosylation of α-dystroglycan (αDG). Loss of αDG functional glycosylation prevents it from binding to laminin and other extracellular matrix receptors, causing muscular dystrophy. Mutations in a number of genes, including FKTN (fukutin), disrupt αDG glycosylation. METHODS: We analyzed conditional Fktn knockout (Fktn KO) muscle for levels of mTOR signaling pathway proteins by Western blot...
2016: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194101/ispd-produces-cdp-ribitol-used-by-fktn-and-fkrp-to-transfer-ribitol-phosphate-onto-%C3%AE-dystroglycan
#9
Isabelle Gerin, Benoît Ury, Isabelle Breloy, Céline Bouchet-Seraphin, Jennifer Bolsée, Mathias Halbout, Julie Graff, Didier Vertommen, Giulio G Muccioli, Nathalie Seta, Jean-Marie Cuisset, Ivana Dabaj, Susana Quijano-Roy, Ammi Grahn, Emile Van Schaftingen, Guido T Bommer
Mutations in genes required for the glycosylation of α-dystroglycan lead to muscle and brain diseases known as dystroglycanopathies. However, the precise structure and biogenesis of the assembled glycan are not completely understood. Here we report that three enzymes mutated in dystroglycanopathies can collaborate to attach ribitol phosphate onto α-dystroglycan. Specifically, we demonstrate that isoprenoid synthase domain-containing protein (ISPD) synthesizes CDP-ribitol, present in muscle, and that both recombinant fukutin (FKTN) and fukutin-related protein (FKRP) can transfer a ribitol phosphate group from CDP-ribitol to α-dystroglycan...
2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142102/robust-genotyping-tool-for-autosomal-recessive-type-of-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophies
#10
Inna Inashkina, Eriks Jankevics, Janis Stavusis, Inta Vasiljeva, Kristine Viksne, Ieva Micule, Jurgis Strautmanis, Maruta S Naudina, Loreta Cimbalistiene, Vaidutis Kucinskas, Astrida Krumina, Algirdas Utkus, Birute Burnyte, Ausra Matuleviciene, Baiba Lace
BACKGROUND: Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies are characterized by predominant involvement of the shoulder and pelvic girdle and trunk muscle groups. Currently, there are 31 genes implicated in the different forms of limb-girdle muscular dystrophies, which exhibit similar phenotypes and clinical overlap; therefore, advanced molecular techniques are required to achieve differential diagnosis. METHODS: We investigated 26 patients from Latvia and 34 patients from Lithuania with clinical symptoms of limb-girdle muscular dystrophies, along with 565 healthy unrelated controls from general and ethnic populations using our developed test kit based on the Illumina VeraCode GoldenGate genotyping platform, Ion AmpliSeq Inherited Disease Panel and direct sequencing of mutations in calpain 3 (CAPN3), anoctamin 5 (ANO5) and fukutin related protein (FKRP) genes...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109613/glucocorticoid-steroid-and-alendronate-treatment-alleviates-dystrophic-phenotype-with-enhanced-functional-glycosylation-of-%C3%AE-dystroglycan-in-mouse-model-of-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-with-fkrpp448l-mutation
#11
Bo Wu, Sapana N Shah, Peijuan Lu, Stephanie M Richardson, Lauren E Bollinger, Anthony Blaeser, Kyle L Madden, Yubo Sun, Taylor M Luckie, Michael D Cox, Susan Sparks, Amy D Harper, Qi Long Lu
Fukutin-related protein-muscular dystrophy is characterized by defects in glycosylation of α-dystroglycan with variable clinical phenotypes, most commonly as limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2I. There is no effective therapy available. Glucocorticoid steroids have become the standard treatment for Duchenne and other muscular dystrophies with serious adverse effects, including excessive weight gain, immune suppression, and bone loss. Bisphosphonates have been used to treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy for prevention of osteoporosis...
June 2016: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26923585/identification-of-a-post-translational-modification-with-ribitol-phosphate-and-its-defect-in-muscular-dystrophy
#12
Motoi Kanagawa, Kazuhiro Kobayashi, Michiko Tajiri, Hiroshi Manya, Atsushi Kuga, Yoshiki Yamaguchi, Keiko Akasaka-Manya, Jun-ichi Furukawa, Mamoru Mizuno, Hiroko Kawakami, Yasuro Shinohara, Yoshinao Wada, Tamao Endo, Tatsushi Toda
Glycosylation is an essential post-translational modification that underlies many biological processes and diseases. α-dystroglycan (α-DG) is a receptor for matrix and synaptic proteins that causes muscular dystrophy and lissencephaly upon its abnormal glycosylation (α-dystroglycanopathies). Here we identify the glycan unit ribitol 5-phosphate (Rbo5P), a phosphoric ester of pentose alcohol, in α-DG. Rbo5P forms a tandem repeat and functions as a scaffold for the formation of the ligand-binding moiety. We show that enzyme activities of three major α-dystroglycanopathy-causing proteins are involved in the synthesis of tandem Rbo5P...
March 8, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26810512/rhabdomyolysis-featuring-muscular-dystrophies
#13
Rajat Lahoria, Margherita Milone
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyolysis is a potentially life threatening condition of various etiology. The association between rhabdomyolysis and muscular dystrophies is under-recognized in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To identify muscular dystrophies presenting with rhabdomyolysis at onset or as predominant feature. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical and laboratory data of patients with a genetically confirmed muscular dystrophy in whom rhabdomyolysis was the presenting or main clinical manifestation...
February 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26363967/significant-response-to-immune-therapies-in-a-case-of-subacute-necrotizing-myopathy-and-fkrp-mutations
#14
J Svahn, N Streichenberger, O Benveniste, R Menassa, L Michel, H Fayolle, P Petiot
Necrotizing myopathies can be encountered in various conditions as acquired myopathies (toxic or autoimmune) or muscular dystrophies. We report a twenty-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with clinical findings suggestive of an inflammatory myopathy: subacute onset of lower limb muscle weakness, myalgia, weight loss and absence of family history. The serum creatine kinase level was elevated at 4738 IU/L (normal range, 25-175 IU/L). Muscle biopsy was consistent with necrotizing myopathy. The patient showed significant clinical improvement following corticosteroid, azathioprine and intravenous immunoglobulin treatments...
November 2015: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25976249/restoration-of-functional-glycosylation-of-%C3%AE-dystroglycan-in-fkrp-mutant-mice-is-associated-with-muscle-regeneration
#15
Hiroyuki Awano, Anthony Blaeser, Elizabeth Keramaris, Lei Xu, Jason Tucker, Bo Wu, Pei Lu, Qi L Lu
Mutations in fukutin-related protein (FKRP) gene are characterized with lack of functionally glycosylated α-dystroglycan (F-α-DG). Surprisingly, a few muscle fibers express strong F-α-DG. Herein, we investigated the restoration of F-α-DG in the FKRP mutant muscles and showed that the restoration of glycosylation is associated with muscle regeneration and dependent on the expression of both like-glycosyltransferase (LARGE) and partially functional FKRP. F-α-DG in the regenerating fibers reaches up to normal levels and lasts for >4 weeks, but no up-regulation of the LARGE and FKRP is detected during the regeneration process...
July 2015: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25560911/diagnostic-clues-and-manifesting-carriers-in-fukutin-related-protein-fkrp-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy
#16
Lucia V Schottlaender, Axel Petzold, Nicholas Wood, Henry Houlden
Mutations in the fukutin-related protein (FKRP) gene are a known cause of autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy. Clinically, patients resemble Becker's muscular dystrophy and generally present in the first two decades of life with a mild, progressive phenotype. Cardiac involvement is variable. Heterozygous carriers are usually clinically unaffected. We report a patient presenting later in life with life-threatening cardiac failure and we describe for the first time clinically manifesting carriers in the family...
January 15, 2015: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25048216/muscle-and-heart-function-restoration-in-a-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-2i-lgmd2i-mouse-model-by-systemic-fkrp-gene-delivery
#17
Chunping Qiao, Chi-Hsien Wang, Chunxia Zhao, Peijuan Lu, Hiroyuki Awano, Bin Xiao, Jianbin Li, Zhenhua Yuan, Yi Dai, Carrie Bette Martin, Juan Li, Qilong Lu, Xiao Xiao
Mutations in fukutin-related protein (FKRP) gene cause a wide spectrum of disease phenotypes including the mild limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2I (LGMD2I), the severe Walker-Warburg syndrome, and muscle-eye-brain disease. FKRP deficiency results in α-dystroglycan (α-DG) hypoglycosylation in the muscle and heart, which is a biochemical hallmark of dystroglycanopathies. To study gene replacement therapy, we generated and characterized a new mouse model of LGMD2I harboring the human mutation leucine 276 to isoleucine (L276I) in the mouse alleles...
November 2014: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24824861/development-of-rabbit-monoclonal-antibodies-for-detection-of-alpha-dystroglycan-in-normal-and-dystrophic-tissue
#18
Marisa J Fortunato, Charlotte E Ball, Katrin Hollinger, Niraj B Patel, Jill N Modi, Vedika Rajasekaran, Dan J Nonneman, Jason W Ross, Eileen J Kennedy, Joshua T Selsby, Aaron M Beedle
Alpha-dystroglycan requires a rare O-mannose glycan modification to form its binding epitope for extracellular matrix proteins such as laminin. This functional glycan is disrupted in a cohort of muscular dystrophies, the secondary dystroglycanopathies, and is abnormal in some metastatic cancers. The most commonly used reagent for detection of alpha-dystroglycan is mouse monoclonal antibody IIH6, but it requires the functional O-mannose structure for recognition. Therefore, the ability to detect alpha-dystroglycan protein in disease states where it lacks the full O-mannose glycan has been limited...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24635668/adeno-associated-virus-mediated-overexpression-of-large-rescues-%C3%AE-dystroglycan-function-in-dystrophic-mice-with-mutations-in-the-fukutin-related-protein
#19
Charles H Vannoy, Lei Xu, Elizabeth Keramaris, Pei Lu, Xiao Xiao, Qi Long Lu
Multiple genes (e.g., POMT1, POMT2, POMGnT1, ISPD, GTDC2, B3GALNT2, FKTN, FKRP, and LARGE) are known to be involved in the glycosylation pathway of α-dystroglycan (α-DG). Mutations of these genes result in muscular dystrophies with wide phenotypic variability. Abnormal glycosylation of α-DG with decreased extracellular ligand binding activity is a common biochemical feature of these genetic diseases. While it is known that LARGE overexpression can compensate for defects in a few aforementioned genes, it is unclear whether it can also rescue defects in FKRP function...
June 2014: Human Gene Therapy Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24587344/quantitative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-2i-a-multinational-cross-sectional-study
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Tracey A Willis, Kieren G Hollingsworth, Anna Coombs, Marie-Louise Sveen, Soren Andersen, Tanya Stojkovic, Michelle Eagle, Anna Mayhew, Paulo Loureiro de Sousa, Liz Dewar, Jasper M Morrow, Christopher D J Sinclair, John S Thornton, Kate Bushby, Hanns Lochmuller, Michael G Hanna, Jean-Yves Hogrel, Pierre G Carlier, John Vissing, Volker Straub
We conducted a prospective multinational study of muscle pathology using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2I (LGMD2I). Thirty eight adult ambulant LGMD2I patients (19 male; 19 female) with genetically identical mutations (c.826C>A) in the fukutin-related protein (FKRP) gene were recruited. In each patient, T1-weighted (T1w) imaging was assessed by qualitative grading for 15 individual lower limb muscles and quantitative Dixon imaging was analysed on 14 individual lower limb muscles by region of interest analysis...
2014: PloS One
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