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Recombinant growth hormone

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662270/recombinant-human-growth-hormone-in-neonatal-onset-multisystem-inflammatory-disease
#1
Donato Rigante, Clelia Cipolla, Aurora Rossodivita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655555/effects-of-treatment-of-preweaning-dairy-calves-with-recombinant-bovine-somatotropin-on-immune-responses-and-somatotropic-axis
#2
A L Belli, R B Reis, A Veronese, R Moreira, K Flanagan, J Driver, C D Nelson, J A Clapper, M A Ballou, K C Jeong, R C Chebel
Weaning may be associated with negative energy balance and body weight loss when calves are still immunologically immature, predisposing them to infectious diseases. The aim of the present experiment was to investigate the effects of treatment of preweaning dairy calves with recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) on the somatotropic axis, selected immune parameters, and hematology of calves around weaning. Thirty-six Holstein female calves were randomly assigned to receive 1.5 to 1.8 mg of rbST (Posilac, Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN) per kilogram of body weight or to receive injections of saline (saline solution 0...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649340/the-relationship-between-alkaline-phosphatase-and-bone-alkaline-phosphatase-activity-and-the-growth-hormone-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-axis-and-vitamin-d-status-in-children-with-growth-hormone-deficiency
#3
Ewelina Witkowska-Sędek, Anna Stelmaszczyk-Emmel, Anna Majcher, Urszula Demkow, Beata Pyrżak
The relationships between bone turnover, the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-1 (GH/IGF-1) axis and vitamin D are complex, but still not fully explained. The GH/IGF-1 axis and vitamin D can mutually modulate each other's metabolism and influence the activation of cell proliferation, maturation, and mineralization as well as bone resorption. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reciprocal associations between bone formation markers [alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP)], the GH/IGF-1 axis and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in children with growth hormone deficiency at baseline and during recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) therapy...
April 13, 2018: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627377/fgf21-a-liver-hormone-that-inhibits-alcohol-intake-in-mice-increases-in-human-circulation-after-acute-alcohol-ingestion-and-sustained-binge-drinking-at-oktoberfest
#4
Susanna Søberg, Emilie S Andersen, Niels B Dalgaard, Ida Jarlhelt, Nina L Hansen, Nina Hoffmann, Tina Vilsbøll, Anne Chenchar, Michal Jensen, Trisha J Grevengoed, Sam A J Trammell, Filip K Knop, Matthew P Gillum
OBJECTIVE: Excessive alcohol consumption is a leading cause of global morbidity and mortality. However, knowledge of the biological factors that influence ad libitum alcohol intake may be incomplete. Two large studies recently linked variants in the KLB locus with levels of alcohol intake in humans. KLB encodes β-klotho, co-receptor for the liver-derived hormone fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21). In mice, FGF21 reduces alcohol intake, and human Fgf21 variants are enriched among heavy drinkers...
March 27, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626795/growth-hormone-facilitates-5-azacytidine-induced-myogenic-but-inhibits-5-azacytidine-induced-adipogenic-commitment-in-c3h10t1-2-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#5
Dan Jia, Weijiang Zheng, Honglin Jiang
The C3H10T1/2 cells are considered mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) because they can be induced to become the progenitor cells for myocytes, adipocytes, osteoblasts, and chondrocytes by the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5'-azacytidine. In this study, we determined the effect of growth hormone (GH) on the myogenic and adipogenic lineage commitment in C3H10T1/2 cells. The C3H10T1/2 cells were treated with recombinant bovine GH in the presence or absence of 5'-azacytidine for 4 days. The myogenic commitment in C3H10T1/2 cells was assessed by immunostaining them for MyoD, the marker for myoblasts, and by determining their capacity to differentiate into the multinucleated myotubes...
March 28, 2018: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623516/sensitivity-of-supplementation-of-thyroid-hormone-on-treatment-of-idiopathic-short-stature-children-during-therapy-with-recombinant-human-growth-hormone
#6
Wei Wang, Shuqin Jiang, Zhirui Cui, Xiangyang Luo, Lingli Shi, Heli Zheng
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of thyroid hormone supplementation on growth rate of children with idiopathic short stature (ISS) and low-normal serum free thyroxine FT4 who were receiving growth hormone therapy. We selected 64 prepubertal children with FT4 levels in the lowest third of the normal range as the lower FT4 group, and these children were divided randomly into two subgroups: L-thyroxine (L-T4)-treated subgroup was treated with L-T4 (0.5-3.0 g/(kg·d)) from the beginning of the study, and the non-L-T4-treated subgroup received placebo...
April 6, 2018: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615058/effects-of-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-administration-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-obese-children-with-relative-growth-hormone-deficiency
#7
Shuang Liang, Jiang Xue, Guimei Li
BACKGROUND: Based on the sample of obese children with relative growth hormone deficiency (GHD), the objective of our study was to determine the effects of rhGH treatment on cardiovascular risk factors, including body mass index (BMI), lipid levels and glucose metabolism index. METHODS: A total of 43 obese children with relative GHD were included in our final analysis. The obese subjects were divided into two groups: recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) treatment group and untreated control group...
April 3, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609449/design-of-the-long-term-observational-cohort-study-with-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-in-korean-children-lg-growth-study
#8
Sochung Chung, Jae-Ho Yoo, Jin Ho Choi, Young-Jun Rhie, Hyun-Wook Chae, Jae Hyun Kim, Il Tae Hwang, Choong Ho Shin, Eun Young Kim, Kee-Hyoung Lee
PURPOSE: Regarding recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) use in the pediatric population, no long-term follow-up data are available for Korean patients. To fill in the gap of knowledge, a registry study (LG Growth Study) was initiated to assess the safety and effectiveness of four types of rhGH products in real-life settings. METHODS: A total of 4,000 children will be registered and prospectively followed up at 6-month intervals until 2 years after epiphyseal closure to collect data on treatment and adverse events, with primary interest in malignancies and growth outcomes...
March 2018: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593655/pattern-of-use-of-biosimilar-and-originator-somatropin-in-italy-a-population-based-multiple-databases-study-during-the-years-2009-2014
#9
Ilaria Marcianò, Ylenia Ingrasciotta, Francesco Giorgianni, Valentina Ientile, Alessandro Chinellato, Daniele Ugo Tari, Rosa Gini, Salvatore Cannavò, Maurizio Pastorello, Salvatore Scondotto, Pasquale Cananzi, Giuseppe Traversa, Francesco Trotta, Valeria Belleudi, Antonio Addis, Gianluca Trifirò
Purpose: Somatropin [recombinant growth hormone (rGH)] is approved in children and adults for several conditions involving growth disturbances and the corresponding biosimilar is available in Italy since 2006. No population-based data are available on the pattern of rGH use in Italian clinical practice. This study aimed at exploring the pattern of biosimilar and originator rGH use in six Italian centers, where different policy interventions promoted biosimilar use. Methods: This population-based, drug-utilization study was conducted in the years 2009-2014, using administrative databases of Umbria, Tuscany, and Lazio Regions and Local Health Units of Caserta, Treviso, and Palermo...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581156/height-outcome-of-the-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-treatment-in-turner-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#10
Ping Li, Fei Cheng, Lei Xiu
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the effect of the recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) treatment of Turner syndrome (TS) on height outcome. Methods:We searched in MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. A literature search identified 640 records. After screening and full-text assessment, 11 records were included in the systematic review. Methodological quality was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool...
March 26, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572496/optical-detection-of-degraded-therapeutic-proteins
#11
William F Herrington, Gajendra P Singh, Di Wu, Paul W Barone, William Hancock, Rajeev J Ram
The quality of therapeutic proteins such as hormones, subunit and conjugate vaccines, and antibodies is critical to the safety and efficacy of modern medicine. Identifying malformed proteins at the point-of-care can prevent adverse immune reactions in patients; this is of special concern when there is an insecure supply chain resulting in the delivery of degraded, or even counterfeit, drug product. Identification of degraded protein, for example human growth hormone, is demonstrated by applying automated anomaly detection algorithms...
March 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571748/structural-basis-of-the-signal-transduction-via-transmembrane-domain-of-the-human-growth-hormone-receptor
#12
Eduard V Bocharov, Dmitry M Lesovoy, Olga V Bocharova, Anatoly S Urban, Konstantin V Pavlov, Pavel E Volynsky, Roman G Efremov, Alexander S Arseniev
BACKGROUND: Prior studies of the human growth hormone receptor (GHR) revealed a distinct role of spatial rearrangements of its dimeric transmembrane domain in signal transduction across membrane. Detailed structural information obtained in the present study allowed elucidating the bases of such rearrangement and provided novel insights into receptor functioning. METHODS: We investigated the dimerization of recombinant TMD fragment GHR254-294 by means of high-resolution NMR in DPC micelles and molecular dynamics in explicit POPC membrane...
March 20, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567070/identification-of-duplicated-midkine-genes-and-their-functional-regulation-in-blunt-snout-bream-megalobrama-amblycephala
#13
Dan-Dan Guo, Guo-Dong Zheng, Shang-Ke Du, Bo Qin, Xia-Yun Jiang, Shu-Ming Zou
Midkine (Mdk) is a heparin-binding growth factor that is involved in regulating cell growth, differentiation and migration. Here, we report the isolation and characterization of duplicated mdk genes in blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala). The mdka and -b genes encode 146 aa and 147 aa peptides, respectively, sharing a sequence identity of 64%. During embryogenesis, mdka mRNA is detectable after 12 h post-fertilization (hpf) and mdkb mRNA can be detected after 8 hpf, about 4 h prior to mdka mRNA...
March 19, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546874/growth-hormone-past-present-and-future
#14
REVIEW
Michael B Ranke, Jan M Wit
Growth hormone (GH) research and its clinical application for the treatment of growth disorders span more than a century. During the first half of the 20th century, clinical observations and anatomical and biochemical studies formed the basis of the understanding of the structure of GH and its various metabolic effects in animals. The following period (1958-1985), during which pituitary-derived human GH was used, generated a wealth of information on the regulation and physiological role of GH - in conjunction with insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) - and its use in children with GH deficiency (GHD)...
March 16, 2018: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546461/structural-stability-of-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-r-hgh-as-a-function-of-polymer-surface-properties
#15
Vaishnavi Rohitkumar Shah, Pardeep K Gupta
PURPOSE: Despite the fact that r-hGH was first approved for use by FDA in 1995 and the conventional dosage form in the market has a limitation of daily subcutaneous injections, there remains a lack of sustained delivery system in the market. Nutropin depot, a long-acting dosage form of r-hGH was approved for marketing by FDA in 1999, however, it was discontinued in 2004. Since then, unabating efforts have been made to develop biodegradable polymer based formulations for r-hGH delivery...
March 15, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537382/a-novel-variant-c-97c-t-of-the-growth-hormone-releasing-hormone-receptor-gene-causes-isolated-growth-hormone-deficiency-type-ib
#16
Assimina Galli-Tsinopoulou, Eleni P Kotanidou, Aggeliki N Kleisarchaki, Rivka Kauli, Zvi Laron
Congenital Isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD) type Ib is an autosomal recessive genetic condition caused by mutations of GH1 or the GH releasing hormone receptor (GHRH-R) gene. Affected subjects present symptoms of GHD with low but detectable levels of GH, short stature and responsiveness to GH therapy. We describe a 13-month old girl with severe growth failure who showed a low hGH in response to 2 hGH provocative tests and a modest increase of IGF-I to an IGF-I generation test. Whole exome sequencing revealed a novel homozygous variant of the GHRH-R gene (c...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530717/expression-profile-of-glucose-transport-related-genes-under-chronic-and-acute-exposure-to-growth-hormone-in-zebrafish
#17
Camila Dalmolin, Daniela Volcan Almeida, Marcio Azevedo Figueiredo, Luis Fernando Marins
The brain is a highly demanding organ in terms of energy requirements, and precise regulatory mechanisms must operate to ensure adequate energy delivery to maintain normal neuronal activity. Of the energy-promoting substrates present in the circulation, glucose is preferred by the brain, and as with all other substrates, its utilization depends on the presence of humoral factors such as hormones including growth hormone (GH). Glucose enters the cells though specific transport proteins. Among all transporter families and subtypes described to date, the most studied ones are the glucose transporters (GLUTs)...
March 9, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529228/live-longer-better-the-historical-roots-of-human-growth-hormone-as-anti-aging-medicine
#18
Aimee Medeiros, Elizabeth Siegel Watkins
In recent years, historians have turned their attention to the emergence of anti-aging medicine, suggesting that this interest group coalesced in the wake of widespread availability of recombinant human growth hormone (HGH) after 1985. We take a longer view of modern anti-aging medicine, unearthing a nexus of scientific, medical, and cultural factors that developed over several decades in the twentieth century to produce circumstances conducive to the emergence of this medical sub-specialty established on the premise of the anti-aging effects of HGH...
February 24, 2018: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510967/treatment-with-growth-hormone-in-the-prader-willi-syndrome
#19
Eugènia Moix Gil, Olga Giménez-Palop, Assumpta Caixàs
INTRODUCTION: The Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare genetic disorder caused by absence of expression of the paternal alleles in región 15q11.2-q13. Obesity and hormonal deficiencies, especially of growth hormone (GH), are the most important signs from the therapeutic viewpoint. Recombinant GH (rGH) is effective in children and represents the mainstay in treatment; by contrast, little evidence in available in adult patients. OBJECTIVE: To review the reported evidence on the beneficial and adverse effects of treatment with rGH in children and adults...
March 3, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506861/prospective-assessment-of-follicular-growth-and-the-oocyte-cohort-after-ovarian-stimulation-for-fertility-preservation-in-90-cancer-patients-versus-180-matched-controls
#20
Christine Decanter, Geoffroy Robin, Audrey Mailliez, Julien Sigala, Franck Morschhauser, Nassima Ramdane, Patrick Devos, Didier Dewailly, Brigitte Leroy-Martin, Laura Keller
A lower number of metaphase II oocytes eligible for vitrification after controlled stimulation in cancer patients has recently been reported, suggesting that cancer may impair the dynamics and quality of follicular growth. In this prospective, non-interventional study, the pattern of follicular growth and oocyte cohort after ovarian stimulation in cancer patients was analysed. Ninety cancer patients, recruited before starting chemotherapy, were compared with 180 time- and age-matched healthy controls undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection...
February 19, 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
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