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Haili Niu, Xiufang Xia, Chao Wang, Baohua Kong, Qian Liu
Thermal stability and gel quality of myofibrillar protein were evaluated with regard to the addition of native soy protein isolates (SPI) and SPI subjected to acidic pH and mild heating (modified SPI). Compared with the control, the addition of modified SPI increased the compression force of the protein gel and decreased water loss (P<0.05). Differential scanning calorimetry results showed that an addition of 0.75% native SPI decreased the first transition temperature (P<0.05), and addition of 0.5% and 0...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Andrea Cortese, Matilde Laurà, Carlo Casali, Ichizo Nishino, Yukiko K Hayashi, Stefania Magri, Franco Taroni, Cristiana Stuani, Paola Saveri, Maurizio Moggio, Michela Ripolone, A Prelle, C Pisciotta, A Sagnelli, Anna Pichiecchio, Mary M Reilly, Emanuele Buratti, Davide Pareyson
INTRODUCTION: Mutations in the small heat shock protein 22 gene (HSPB8) have been associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 2L, distal hereditary motor neuropathy (dHMN) type IIa and, more recently, distal myopathy/myofibrillar myopathy (MFM) with protein aggregates and TDP-43 inclusions. OBJECTIVE: To report a novel family with HSPB8 (K141E) -related dHMN/MFM and to investigate, in a patient muscle biopsy, whether the presence of protein aggregates was paralleled by altered TDP-43 function...
October 13, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Pimonpan Kaewprachu, Kazufumi Osako, Natthakan Rungraeng, Saroat Rawdkuen
This study investigates the properties of films made from fish myofibrillar protein (FMP) incorporated with combinations of catechin-Kradon extract (C/K) (20%, w/w) at different ratios. The experimental films were compared to a polyvinyl chloride (PVC). The thickness and the transparency of the films were in the range of 0.014-0.015mm and 3.65-3.77, respectively. Significant decreases were observed in elongation at break (35-122%), water vapor permeability (0.54-1.26×10(-10)gm(-1)s(-1)Pa(-1)) properties, and a gradual decrease in L* value was pronounced when the proportions of catechins were increased (P<0...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Arthur J Cheng, Daria Neyroud, Bengt Kayser, Håkan Westerblad, Nicolas Place
Electrically-evoked low-frequency (submaximal) force is increased immediately following high-frequency stimulation in human skeletal muscle. Although central mechanisms have been suggested to be the major cause of this low-frequency force potentiation, intramuscular factors might contribute. Thus, we hypothesized that two intramuscular Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms can contribute to the low-frequency force potentiation: increased sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) release and increased myofibrillar Ca(2+) sensitivity...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Stephan van Vliet, Evan L Shy, Sidney Abou Sawan, Joseph W Beals, Daniel Wd West, Sarah K Skinner, Alexander V Ulanov, Zhong Li, Scott A Paluska, Carl M Parsons, Daniel R Moore, Nicholas A Burd
Background: Protein in the diet is commonly ingested from whole foods that contain various macro- and micronutrients. However, the effect of consuming protein within its natural whole-food matrix on postprandial protein metabolism remains understudied in humans.Objective: We aimed to compare the whole-body and muscle protein metabolic responses after the consumption of whole eggs with egg whites during exercise recovery in young men.Design: In crossover trials, 10 resistance-trained men [aged 21 ± 1 y; 88 ± 3 kg; body fat: 16% ± 1% (means ± SEMs)] received primed continuous l-[ring-(2)H5]phenylalanine and l-[1-(13)C]leucine infusions and performed a single bout of resistance exercise...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Achim Treumann, Pawel Palmowski, Wing Chiu Tong, Julie Taggart, Nick Morrice, G Nicholas Europe-Finner, Michael J Taggart
Muscle tissue poses a particular challenge to proteomic analysis due to a very wide range of protein abundances arising from the dominant expression of myofilament-related proteins. We address this issue by describing proteomic analysis with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and sequential window acquisition of all theoretical mass spectra (SWATH), of guinea pig cardiac tissue prepared in two homogenization buffers: (1) An SDS-based buffer designed to extract "all" tissue proteins and (2) a long-established EDTA-containing buffer thought to preferentially extract non-myofibril-related proteins...
October 4, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Meera C Viswanathan, Rick C Tham, William A Kronert, Floyd Sarsoza, Adriana S Trujillo, Anthony Cammarato, Sanford I Bernstein
Myosin storage myopathy (MSM) is a congenital skeletal muscle disorder caused by missense mutations in the β-cardiac/slow skeletal muscle myosin heavy chain rod. It is characterized by subsarcolemmal accumulations of myosin that have a hyaline appearance. MSM mutations map near or within the assembly competence domain known to be crucial for thick filament formation. Drosophila MSM models were generated for comprehensive physiological, structural, and biochemical assessment of the mutations' consequences on muscle and myosin structure and function...
September 14, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
Yulong Bao, Sjef Boeren, Per Ertbjerg
Hypochlorous acid (HClO) is a strong oxidant that is able to mediate protein oxidation. In order to study the effect of oxidation on charges, aggregation and water-holding of myofibrillar proteins, extracted myofibrils were oxidized by incubation with different concentrations of HClO (0, 1, 5, and 10mM). Loss of free thiols, loss of histidine and formation of carbonyls were greater with increasing oxidation level and the particle size increased. Water-holding in the 5 and 10mM HClO groups were greater than in the non-oxidized control...
September 23, 2017: Meat Science
Thomas Groennebaek, Kristian Vissing
Skeletal muscle metabolic and contractile properties are reliant on muscle mitochondrial and myofibrillar protein turnover. The turnover of these specific protein pools is compromised during disease, aging, and inactivity. Oppositely, exercise can accentuate muscle protein turnover, thereby counteracting decay in muscle function. According to a traditional consensus, endurance exercise is required to drive mitochondrial adaptations, while resistance exercise is required to drive myofibrillar adaptations. However, concurrent practice of traditional endurance exercise and resistance exercise regimens to achieve both types of muscle adaptations is time-consuming, motivationally demanding, and contended to entail practice at intensity levels, that may not comply with clinical settings...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Cecilie Leidesdorff Bechshøft, Peter Schjerling, Andreas Bornø, Lars Holm
In vivo turnover rates of proteins covering the processes of protein synthesis and breakdown rates have been measured in many tissues and protein pools using various techniques. Connective tissue and collagen protein turnover is of specific interest since existing results are rather diverging. The aim of this study is to investigate whether we can verify the presence of protein pools within the same tissue with very distinct turnover rates over the life-span of rats with special focus on connective tissue. Male and female Lewis rats (n = 35) were injected with five different isotopically labeled amino acids tracers...
2017: PloS One
Irina V Kravchenko, Vladimir A Furalyov, Vladimir O Popov
Myofibrillar proteins titin and myomesin stimulated myoblast proliferation as determined by MTT-test and labelled thymidine incorporation in the DNA. Specific Fn type III and Ig-like domains of these proteins were able to exert mitogenic effects as well. Proliferative effect of Fn type III domains was highly sensitive to inhibition of Ca(2+)/calmodulin dependent protein kinase, whereas the effect of Ig-like domains showed greater sensitivity to the inhibition of adenylyl cyclase - cAMP - PKA pathway. IGF-1 autocrine signalling inhibition partially suppressed mitogenic effects revealed by both domain types...
March 2017: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Guoliang Jia, Satoru Nirasawa, Xiaohua Ji, Yongkang Luo, Haijie Liu
The application of a high-voltage electrostatic field (HVEF) is a novel method for thawing. To determine the effects of HVEF thawing (voltage range: -25kV to 0kV) on myofibrillar protein oxidation and/or denaturation and to provide a theoretical understanding of this process, pork tenderloin was thawed by traditional and HVEF methods. Based on the total sulfhydryl and carbonyl contents, further protein oxidation did not occur during HVEF thawing. It was proposed that the free radical-mediated oxidation of myofibrillar proteins was hindered by HVEF...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Chang Hyun Lim, Thien Suong Luu, Le Quy Phoung, Tae Seok Jeong, Chang Keun Kim
PURPOSE: Our aim was to compare the effects of a single exercise training mode (resistance exercise) with a combined exercise training (resistance and plyometric exercise) mode on satellite cell activity and anabolic signaling at the molecular level. METHODS: Eighteen male weight lifters (20 ± 4 years, BMI 27 ± 6 kg/m(2)) were randomly assigned to either a series of resistance exercise or a series of combined exercise group. The intensity of the exercise was set at 60% of their 1 RM weight and subjects completed three sets each of six repetitions...
November 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
A Giampietro-Ganeco, C M Owens, J L M Mello, R A Souza, F B Ferrari, P A Souza, H Borba
This study evaluated the effects of freezing (-18°C) for 12 mo on attributes related to the texture of breast, drumstick, and thigh from broilers raised in 4 different rearing systems. Five-hundred carcasses of male broilers raised in 4 rearing systems (Antibiotic-free, Cobb 500, n = 125; Free-range, Hubbard ISA, n = 125; Conventional, Cobb 500, n = 125; Organic, Cobb 500, n = 125) were divided into breast, drumstick, and thigh and stored under freezing (-18°C) for 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Breast, drumstick, and thigh meat from broilers raised in all studied rearing systems showed reduction (P < 0...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
S Glorieux, L Steen, H Paelinck, I Foubert, I Fraeye
This paper provides insights in the isothermal gelation behavior of white and red chicken myofibrillar proteins (CMP) at different temperatures (20 to 80°C) and the underlying aggregation mechanism, allowing understanding of structure formation in poultry products during thermal processing. At low temperatures (20 to 60°C), an increase in aromatic surface hydrophobicity (SoANS) was found, suggesting potential formation of hydrophobic interactions between CMP. At higher temperatures (60 to 80°C), high SoANS and a significant decrease in total sulfhydryl amount (SH-amount) strongly indicate the presence of hydrophobic interactions and disulfide bonding, resulting in aggregation, as suggested by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE)...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
Andrew M Holwerda, Kevin J M Paulussen, Maarten Overkamp, Joey S J Smeets, Annemie P Gijsen, Joy P B Goessens, Lex B Verdijk, Luc J C van Loon
BACKGROUND: Resistance-type exercise increases muscle protein synthesis rates during acute post-exercise recovery. The impact of resistance-type exercise training on (local) muscle protein synthesis rates under free living conditions on a day-to-day basis remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of daily unilateral resistance-type exercise on local myofibrillar protein synthesis rates during a three-day period. METHODS: Twelve healthy young males (22±1 y) were recruited to participate in this study where they performed daily, unilateral resistance-type exercise during a three-day intervention period...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
Haili Niu, Yichun Chen, Huan Zhang, Baohua Kong, Qian Liu
This study investigated the effect of different concentrations of porcine plasma protein hydrolysates (PPPH) on the gelation of porcine myofibrillar protein (MP) exposed to a hydroxyl radical-generating system (HRGS). Compared to non-oxidized MP, the oxidative modification led to a decreased penetration force and water holding capacity (WHC) (P<0.05). Meanwhile, addition of PPPH (1.5mg/mL) reduced the loss of MP gel strength and WHC induced by HRGS (P<0.05). Low-field nuclear magnetic resonance results suggested that the addition of PPPH facilitated the hydration of the protein...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Andreas Unger, Lisa Beckendorf, Pierre Böhme, Rudolf Kley, Marion von Frieling-Salewsky, Hanns Lochmüller, Rolf Schröder, Dieter O Fürst, Matthias Vorgerd, Wolfgang A Linke
Myopathies encompass a wide variety of acquired and hereditary disorders. The pathomechanisms include structural and functional changes affecting, e.g., myofiber metabolism and contractile properties. In this study, we observed increased passive tension (PT) of skinned myofibers from patients with myofibrillar myopathy (MFM) caused by FLNC mutations (MFM-filaminopathy) and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type-2A due to CAPN3 mutations (LGMD2A), compared to healthy control myofibers. Because the giant protein titin determines myofiber PT, we measured its molecular size and the titin-to-myosin ratio, but found no differences between myopathies and controls...
September 15, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
Kyohei Ishida, Kazuo Hirano
Lowering dietary cation-anion differences (DCAD) can enhance responsiveness to Ca-homeostatic hormones and increase Ca availability, which might have potential to activate a Ca-dependent protease, calpain, and to enhance postmortem myofibrillar proteolysis. In this study, we investigated the effects of DCAD manipulation on calpain activity and beef tenderness in Japanese Black cattle which are characterized by their high marbling. Thirty-six Japanese Black steers were allotted to one of two treatments: (i) control (CON; DCAD +6...
September 15, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Andrew J Gravelle, Shai Barbut, Alejandro G Marangoni
A series of food grade particles were characterized for their potential as fillers in myofibrillar gels. The fillers were separated into (i) hydrophilic, insoluble, crystalline particles and (ii) starch granules. The particles used were microcrystalline cellulose, oat fiber and walnut shell flour, as well as potato and tapioca starches. Crystalline particles increased hardness and decreased recovery properties. Although all of these fillers decreased the T2 relaxation time of water, this was dependent on particle type and size...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
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